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'.MAGAZINE : SECTION THREE
PORTLAND, OREGON, 1 SUNDAY MORNING,' JUNE 3, IKK.
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1 17 (j o i
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a If li 1 j
'IfENYiKat' 'pfo V1 allhe'eountries'wliere they nave existed "distir'ct'. '
neer antli life- progress", toward 'f epiine, . enf ranchiaement.., .;J'
long champion Such organizations have-dieen working toward
T J J . - .Ik A I . . J 1 I . 1 I. ,
SIP fl'mttIN till 11. ,1 : .1 .... .1 iM-itntivfi a . I ' a n n J n , 1 li-nm .
r r" w. wiw ;".amM p majmi Maw-ui .iwif )viwa) xnnnnaiaf '
;' frar i S' $ s Trance, .Germany,-, Great' Britain, 'Holland;- Hu'n
' .Susan" B'Ah- gary, -Norway, Sweden, Switerland..atid.'.beUnited
i'-' . 'States. H-' 1 'i !"' t v .'" ;r .:;iT-;(1-''',.?'.-.
.1 - - j
InOny., VaiiCa ..y.t -A --dak,,, , V,a Vabti trnnn1 hv,wnain
. awaanonth witlidut'hard' 6r.d persistent -work. - Everywhere;- ihf-1
I or SO.dgo she " the beginning,' they were Tiandicapped "by the. lafckVv
' had ' 'not ' ac-franchise. :.They had no Tot.g. basis of'tKeir. .
ttl'ttlirA all' own uPn .wl-.civ to -begin- work. Every : unit of ,
, COmpiisnea au 1 gAn yiMj of necessity, made by ltho' process of con-'
that was-trcar -yertion, A by winning- oyer man-with a '-vote-L
fjVArK7far,4-7whether-ast in- generatpeWtioa or in the 'halls of.
i ,,. - -;, . Aii - - legislation. '. - . . . - ' j 1- .-.'. .
v : "i -r. "lf,". says. the introduction to the' fourth M-
Witnessed ,,, ri,, niatnr nf-WnmnS Rnffrff.',3-ted
eqtralirhtsthat had not: been thought-pos-ymized demands, for the rights of .womanmade ,
when she began her. unceasing; cam patgn, i843had omitted th'. one 'for the franchice. !
Mtr-nr-wx'. ... ... i .l,. , . . . I nose vno- maae n wouiu nave, uveu ,iw n
0 i'iil f
T :'l V ? r.,K-
4 S , o - ' ' 'I'M ' . . -
y - Frbtn. the fetrmal launching Or the move- - granted..
Vment uptin national lines, at the. first woman's- - "Wejkedfor womanthe r.ght-to. have rr:V
. . . - ' ' r V r nnnl ' frAfvfnm ' tn nimiirn n- duration ' TO earn
rights .. xonveMto:4,teneca-talU, Wr- V f a livlng to. claira'her 'waes, to own property, to; ,
July, 1848, to, the , present, steady . progress;-- raake contracts, to bring suit, to testify in court,. to
' has been made toward the goal at which Miss - obtain a divorce for jast cause,to possess her chil--'
'dnihony.and kef associates aimed: ' . ; ' ' , ren, to claim a fail ; share - of accumulations dui-,.1
Fuir female suffrage' is now' enjoyed in marriage., , , ;,. ; . . -
Wvomint 4 Colorado and Utah: There women: - :. ' A rier.arA at- Progress - ,
tepenHalMrms-withlmenat-all elec- . ' ' . '-';. . ''-'' '
tions. The women ot txensas vote tor.scnoot ... . rv ; ,
W municipal-officials- eighteen other SUte. alUhese pm.l.gcs am now corded,.nd;
1 , - . ' ' . . ' . . . m uoi one are an reiusea.- vroeu iu ucvinnuuu 11
themotBersj:uivesnd- by eTerr State. ( ; :;
r school suffrage., . Montana and Iowa permit Mo' tW- tliai:-while the writing of this vol-- H -
women to vote upon the issuance of municipal , ume na8 tecP L .progress Ce Parliament of-Aus-. . mT
.-vt.J 1 w t,
- . - f
frage has been, extended re Arizona. Connecticut. -1 other counties .women attained, to responsibl Dost
' Delaware, Illinois, Kentucky,' Massachusetts, Min-; tidiis,three, being. deputy sheriffs. .Throughout tho)
nesota, ' Michigan, Montana, Nebraska,' North Da-' State, at the next Presidential flection, women castt ;
kota, New Dampshire, New -Jersey, New -York,' per cCnt.' of . thetotal, vote, the average being;
. Ohio. Oklahoma,' Orcgo :, 'Soutu Dakota Vermont, J, brought down- by the scarcity, pi females in coi-era)
- Washington and Wisconsin. 1 . ' of'the mining counties. . " . 1
v - In New York, female residents of villages, who. - While yet a TerritoryrtJtah extended full f ran
-tv-are, taxpayers, and iii Louisiana and Montana' all . chise .to women,' inr.l870..-",.Tbi't was taken iron
f' taxpaying women may vote upon' questions tub- them by the . Erdman-Tucker'actof ' Congreaa in
-t- reitted for-taxations Iowawomcnvote -upon ..the 1887, but when Utah entered the"T7nioii of States,
issuing of bonds. - . ; -; . : v' - in 1896, it had the general-suffrage provision ftrmlj
. : Mississippi extends butthe;iragment of fran-incorporated in its conctitution,., -
r chise. in permission, to vote upon -a few -matters . Mrs. Lillie. Pardee ; was 'elected clerk of thej
connected with co-nty schools and the running at new- State Senate, and, i-.f such; sigraed the credent
argeof Jtof k. . In Arkansaaithcy jnay. sign apcti- j tialaofIItah's "first lUnitcdStatea Senators the)
l.ti7n-agnint liquor selling within certain limitsjind first instance of the kind upon recordj Since ihed
their names count for as much a those of men. - women' have hecn -elected -tw both "houses "of ,thd
' Colorado, in 1803, -by a -majority of 6347, ..Legislature' arid to nufflerousl county offices, '--j
adopted an amenlroent to its constitution extend- '", ' -T 1 , .
;ying full franchise privileges, to women. Since' then' 7"'." ' "-In National' Conventions
they have voted in every election in that State. 9 '.'j' ' v" " '" ' - "1 yw.-
- Possessing the i Jl suffrage, women, pi course, . 1;! In ,1?00 Mrs. W. H. Jones was sent as a tfeto
are eligible to all ' offices, "but,", said one 1 of ,the.;' gate from Utah .to the Kepublican"' National 'Cfon
, fflirurT, pqthcjicallyj "the men will not surrender " vention in Philadelphia, and -Mrs. Elizabeth Cohen ,
theToffioes unless compelled toUo so." The posi- wag chosen by the Democrats to help rcpreent
tion of State Superintendent of Public Instruction
; , is generally conceded by all parties as belonging to
a woman, and no man has been a candidate for that
- office sinctf 1893.
' them at Kansas City. .Both served throughout the
sessions of - those - bodies,- Mrs. . Cohen -making a)
.'speech seconding the nomination of Mr. Bryan.
. ' en "women nave Deenieciea 10 xne iw ,on rccorJ .Jthough women.had gone as alternate
thpuse of the Colorado Legislature, but never more ."from, Wyoming-to the Kepublican convention alt
than three during any one term., They have taken Minneapolis in 1888 " -' J- ' -
. an active part in "haping the legislative course of . Wyoming holds the record of having been tHct
mw v,,k., ..u ...v.u.cu.-. .... Sr9t,to extend com, lo suffrage to- the weaket
paying anumoer of-meritorious, measures placed which nrivilcire waaconferred.hv its first Jjrsr-
'hntiAf' itt ' T .niiitiiiiii (emalS taxtmvert vote 'tralifl. W a sincln act. has f lillv etfranchinc-d the x
r b,itt;nruhr,S 800,000 women it that cornmonwealth. The Parva-i-rf-. Advocate' o-' woman suffrage - point to the
. . , ...'. : . r ''I 'ment of (Jreat" "Rritain hnn ebnfeVred' on .women
. 7 cvery form of suffrage,' except, that for itaown
women , now-prcvaus in iweniysix omia vj , members. V- . - -.A - , ,w ,
Ithe. Union. n June, Oregon will vote upon
' the extension of complete suffrage to women.
In Australia and New Zealand women
vote, upon the same: plane: as .men;: this" it
also true in the Isle of Man. - 1 he women
During the last thirty Uree years, or , within,
one generation, tho extension of the woman suf
frage movement .has - been marked thro .ghout t)
United States. - ',. . ,- ' -'
- Over one-half the States have conferred school
'suffrage upon 'women; one, has granted .municipal !
fact that the last census showed that between SJOOO,-
000inl 4,000,000 women, of thoVcountry were then
engaged in wage-earning occupations' outside of do-.!
mestyj service. - Of 131 occupations classed as gain
ful, -women were. engaged in. all iut two those of
soldiers,: sailors and mariners,; and; telephone and
telegraph linemen. , '", ' . "' ' . " J
It.was reoafel,'l- example, that there were. In
lie country. 1041 .fcuiiniiio architects, 3373 c!-. gy
.nHn, 786 dentists, 409, electricians, 84 engineers.
unon the statute Tooka.
j. - Four years ago women office holders in Colo
rado included; 29 County School Superintendents,
508 School Directors, one CnntT Clerk, one County
..' Treasurer, one assessor, one" clerk of ccunty'court,
. ; and one clerk of district court. -;
- During two administrations Mrs. Sarah P.
Docker was president of the State Board of Chari
ties and Correction, which has general supervision
over all charitable arid penal institutions. There
hav also been women on the. State Board of Par'
inlative Council. When the Territory entered tha
.V Union,. in 1890,' the women : were - recognized a
, standing upon an equal franchise . basis with, thqi
- ncn.i i ..: .'.1 ,,'L: . ' ;
At first the best women in Wyoming served on
- juries, but - of recoat' years this custom has been
virtually discontinued. In this State women have
.'not taken a, conspicuous part in politics, at least
to the extent of- holding- office, but it is said
that.ithey are usually found voting for; the ,
1 n . r . . l - . i . r-i ti -r ft
dons, and two counties have had female Coroners... . , . t- nna:t- ftf s,r;nn. p.,k-
Many, Women Voted
Of vrca Iy :;k:"":Jtv 2193 journalists, 1010 lawyers," '327,614
. members ot far lament. Similar privileges "r.ffV-.'. ,i r::' :.. '74,153 bookkeeiH.rs.K5.246 office clerks. :
r tniaoel hH .taxbasint women of . Sweden. ."r'.Z ' ..1 " v" v"---, ?1 travelers, 1271? official in banks,'
'jVi'r,,i ' .o.u tU r,"""" , , facturers, 19,988 pac jrs or shippers, 86,
Norway -and Iceland. Ketcntly the 'women Since 1890 four States have, incorporated com- . ooa ,.i.....u
,At the Presidential election of 1900' the per
centage of votes cast was: . Males, nearly 58V2; fe
males, over 412. ' - -
-. 'By a vote of nearly two to one, Idaho extended-
lumen in lfififi. Th. first
3433 manu- . .v.. m::i i-.
,118 s tcnog-.
' of Finland were given the ballot, and it is pro- ' pteto franchise in their constitutions, a
posed to extend the same ' privilege to the - can neve, bo removed exc.H by the
en...:, r: ' -tho women themselves. -
women Of ikuhw. junuca suffrage u enjoyza
. by women'. in "several .other European coun
tion in Boise City in. July, 1897. The issue was
privilege.; 823 und-rtakewl -B45 crwotAH. i7 ma.. 17.-10 "l publio improvements, and the newly enfranchised
ONG, and at times sharp, lias been the battle
for the complete habditation of women w
all the fundamental rights of government;
Leader in the hunt havo been activo in
Woman suffrngo oran'-rations, r.d that they have
riot labored in vain is illustrated by tho fact that
curing receni years tne cause ot woman sur- -, womftnV aiid ?93 blacksmiths. . Since that time.it is
frage has had many rebuffs, owing to the adverse - believed that the number of workers in each avoca
scntiment in State Legislatures, but ha made only, .tion has largely- increased. ' 1 - -two
distinctive retrogressive movements. .X, '.: 't--t- Of especial int. :st to' advocates of female snf-
Ouo'Pf these was wlen the women of Washing-, -rage are conditions in the foit Western State's-.
painters or gkziers, 126-plumbers .and gasfitters, ; roters proved a mosi importanuactor. Demg near- .
ovia J : i i . . , . "'. It anliHIv arrAvna nnon the side of nroirress. .
At the State election, held the following year.
about 40 per cent, of the vote wa cast by women. .
Mrs. B. T. J'cffcrs rcnle CO miles on horseback to ;
her old home in order to cast t10' ballot. ' - ' ' "
Three women were clet-red members : of tho
ttU v' ton Territory .were disfranchised in-1888 by. de- Colorado, Idaho, Utah and I Wyomingwhere womrfwi. legislature a Republican, a Democrat and a
rifh , cijdon pf.tho Supreme Court upon a constitutional. 'posses ooual franchise privileges with men at all C Populist, 'One of tho, three was called upon t act -ent;'
. question; the other was .when the Legislature of cleCtibiw;"'.NcxJL in interest, 'pcrhrtnsi is Kansas." - chairman of the House Committee of the Whole
Kentucky in 1902 took away the school suffrage
that had been' exercised by , oil .Tomcu C the aecJ
ond-class cities. , , .- , - ,- .,' ,.'.
where the fairer sex has cast the: municipal ballot during an important session, aud ruled with a firm
'since 1887.--. - - . ,' ' . .'.: .';',... ' ',- hand. ' " . ' ' .... .
. The States and Territoricsrwhere partial uf-; Four counties elected women- Treasurers. In
lie Instruction until appointed by President Mo
Kinley National Superintendent of Indian SdltoOl. .
' Kansas women have exercised the- right-ef uf
frage -in 'municipal elections since 1887, and alsi
vote for " h. id officers.' ' The first State consti- -
tution,,; in 185ff, ' declwred women, cligillo -for, all
"school offices; laler they. served as County Clerks,
Registers of Deed and County Superintendent.
In.l8S9,L. B. Kellogg. Attorney. General of
the State, eppoincd hi wife a his assistant in
that office.. She Tas. a practicing uttornoy -liae
husband's law as well as life partner and filled the
larger position with considerable credit. Miss EH
Cameron served out , her father' unexpired lenit
as Probate Judge, and the -next Leginlittur legal
ized her acts. ':..",
' Several of. the small towns of the State phice'1
their entire Ideal government in tho hand c'
women. Between 187 and 1!4 there were
fnmalo Aldermen, five women Police Jmls, (
City Attorney, several City Clerks and Tr,-'
arid numerous clerks and treasurer ot , I
Boards. ' " '
- (CONTINL'PD OS INUiDS rA'.:.. )
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