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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (June 1, 1848)
"Westward the Mar a aaaalra take It war,"
air. iii awiinMiiiilma iwirtmaamn -,,.. . ja , ,,,,.,
mMIrVin'MlkWn'lniMAWmWMMIiMltUMIMjhMMIIi a, jell aHatJi HIIMIMWHIlltlPllllMIIHMHl'niMIWtWIM
r Um UMgM apseiaMr.
T Um Tatar ! reaatt Territory.
Billow Citimim; Th lima li draw.
Ipg rdgh, when you ro to deoid, by your
votes, whether Iho word "prohibit" shall
lw eubttiluled for the word "regulate," in
our Orgaalo Constitution ; and Ihui lo.
struct your llepreecntatlvtt, lo enael law,
with tuih paint and penalties attached lo
tbtra, aa may be required, lo prohibit lha
manufsoturieg, importing, and vending
in'.uiloatlng liquor, In lhl Territory j ax.
cept, Importing, and vandlng what may ba
required fur aaoraroepiel, tnadloal, of
All government oontlitar It their duly,
to taka trery precaution lo guard lha mor.
U. and lo promote lha happlneaa af their
people Tim pagan Chlue, prohibit the
uo of iutoiloatlng liquor. With the
Mahomtdant, lit prohibition li an artlclo
of their religious faith, and they enforce ll
by the aword ) but In christian countries,
in cooeurnco of lha habit our pagan an.
castor had of indulging in it, and at lha
present, cei aeeounl of the influence of
those interested in manufacturing and
vending intoxicating liquor, by which they
enrich themselves In proportion aa they
reudor thoir fellow nuti degraded and
miserable. Christian ttyvernmenls say
ihry liai Urn unable to'eupprets the use
of It ; though lha Saerrd Volume tills
christians, "Drunkards shall not inherit
the kiii(duiii ol tiod" and soothe their
conscli tires by laying a lav oji it, to da.
fray, si tiny say, the expenses of govern
ment. Ilnl man cannot ditobcy the com.
maud of Uud, with impunlt). These
1 governments, after sulfering M rati
av) turns, orphan and pour houses, end to
y lira eaienscs of supporting them, and
of propla to take care of the unfortunale
Inmates ; for whloh purpo they hare to
tai themselves, to a greater amount than
llw revenue they derived from licensing
the importation, uianufacluring, and sail
Inn intoxicating liquors ; which ought,
In convince christians, that Uod com
mands nothing, but what it lo them good.
We are a, young community, and we
ki.uw, that the first settlors In this country,
ry go, ernmentt, after sulhring M mi. ((f m m ui o ta j raMnic.l .1,-magogues, who will either gral
, way, from the n.l.con.l.iet at drunken un,irr.lw)d lh. wat a country . 'JV """ "''"J.""-; ' url ,Wpularity at
rtons, are obged lo erect Jat, lunallu . ', ,..,. ,..... . . tli . .'the expense of justice. N
.1 .......... ...I .......: ..,, J "here Intoxicating liquor, were neither .1. Fi ftU,, men of.he company came home:
wen, liven wnonw .raver. .. m evr.y ,ro d(We ooj ,n your J.y, ,
dlrrclion to hunt !av. r, and were .ecu.. , j o rf) or , , ,, A.
tonird to thi free UJ ol ntoxical.ng II. FnuU luir.v, and mild tempera
uupr.; yet o fully were they H.lJMrrf ,,,,.,.,,, ihh, fertility nfilu.
of It. injurious efTecta. that Ibey were ea. ' wj naurp M ,,,,,,,,, Cliulllry ,hr
slly persuaded to form themselves Into a flnMt ,on of Nor(1 Amlv,( fl)r ,,.
lemrrano society, anu ae.nr, .0 cum.
vato tne soil loiauy .os,.in.nK ""',n from Its ailuation, having mil) the
manufacturing, importing, or Venning in-
toiicatiiig liquors, in Iheir community.
Tim firil nrganixalion of our territorial
government adhered! In the time principles;
lliesicond organisation, iu June IMtS, in
t reduced the word "llcgulate," which was
understood 'till Deo. 1040, by a great ma.
Jorily of Ihe community, lo mean "pro
hibit," except for sacramental, medical,
or chemical purposes; and the lawa Inflict
ing palm and penalties, on Ihe Manufac
turing and welling intoxicating Liquors,
were allowed to expire: ' In consequence
of thlt; you are now called on to' ute Ihe
noblest prerogative of freemen, em) to de
cide by your vol, whether you will ad
mil among ua, Ine greatest enemy to the
temporal aed apirltual happlneaa, of the
human family; or by using your sovereign
authority, aav our community, from the
ravages of ita moat intiduout, and cruel
W have the happy privilege of enjoy,
ing a free conttltutlon, whloh give, u the
right to make lha lawa by which we are
governed ; and while w are bound to be
grateful lo our fltavenly Father, for the
Inestimable bltaslngt wbloh he haa merol
fully bestowed on ut, we mutt bear in
mind, that it ia a power which he ha en
I rutted to ut to do soon; and that he will
bold ua reaponeible for Ihn uto w make of
ll, and therefbre. It bacomca not only our
duty,' but It It alto our temporal and tplr
itual Interest, to do all the good we can to
1 our fellow men.
Every one of you have frlenda whom
you love dearly, moat of you are blessed
with children, who are dearer to you than
life itself; you toil and you labor for tbeir
preeenl comfort and future happlneaa, and
there la nothing whloh you can do, that
"will tertd'ao mUoh to' heir temporal htppl-
new, anil future bliss, ao effectually, aa to
remova front thtlr reach, in the daya of
their youth, lha temptation to Indulge in
i' tha ota of intoxicating liquor, aad'aavo
'youraalf hereaher'frorn tha anguish you
.will fa)i whan you tee 'hern dttctnd Into
the drunkard' grave when your heart pny. Wo refused to sign It units fat.
broken with aorrow, will force ynuto 01.tl was done lo our company and eased
i ,.i l i .i . .i i 1 1" n0 "'o error corrected, and alva ua
claim,"! had the power o ,;rr..l lhl, Llrl)WI ,.., .,,,,,, WI.,oihco" pity.'
bul alat I did not exercise III! orn J, lnay ,l0, ,lni lo My ln w.
Ueildes, with what reproaches will not ,
posterity load our memories, fur not a '
..i .i. r. . ..i.. ...
vinsr turn, iruin ao itrcaiacur"-, wiien wn
I...I.I. i-i.. ..... ir i. i
..... ,., ,-. .w .. , -
aidered ghrioutXofght and ennjurr iho en.
emlea of our country, how much is it not
more so, to towiutr th grnittrt enemy r
.he whole human family-whirl, ha. done '
and It doing It more injury, llisn war, ms
tllenue and famine united ; and lo con
fver, not by ihtddlng Mood, ami Inking
lift, bat by llo noon.
ll waa the boast of ancient Koine, that
the namt of a cltixen of Homo, was a pais
through the then known clvlliied world;
poor and humbtn at we arc, we can ren.
der Ihe name of cltlien of OrcK..n more
i.i . ,ii n . ii... i...
glorlout. The lloman wat c.nsl.lere.l on
account of the warlike character i.r Ills
rountrymen; while ours will ! ri'spnlnl
....... . ...... - -- ,
frntn ilia coiitl I'liarsi Iit of liis. liv ma.
king it certain, that they are free from the
baneful and degrading ut, of eating
11.... as.. I 1,1. as. It I ..faeat ll.asa.t ai . .st .
liquor, and thlt will give lliem a retoiii.
mendalion, that will secure them employ
nient, and credit, and enable Ihem to earn
their llvalllwo.1 respectably, wherever the
. , , . . . i
name of Oregon It known, and do more to
secure their comfort and happiness, than ,
If you gave them, the oold of the wnoLr. ,
wnau; and people that dwell In conn
tries where the baneful manufacture and
tale of intoxicating liquor Is allowed, anx
lout for their own interests, and those or
. their families, will hmltn to Jinn r . as .
lowed to le manufactufd, or sold ; anil
audi It was, for a time, and, If it is your
will, U can be to again ; and by this you
can raise this, country, which It now your
own, lo greater respectability nf etiarte-1
ler, than any other country has hitherto
been, or la at present blessed with ; and
confer greater blessing on Its Inhabitants,
than haa yel fallen to ihe lot of ihe Inhab.
ttarttt of ahy other country, In tha whole
world j and Ihe cloee of your days will h
.rort.blo residence of nvilled man j I
l,,.fic. mln wlwrel, lt and tin-
,m, ,nd fniuru, lmrtl..n
globe j this must become n great com
The eyes oflhe whole civ illxed world
hr eyes ofour relations and frienda whom
we left In our fdr distant nat've homes .re
irpon -Hh. I'lofriilTV mi.i. Jrwir. fs.
May wn act no as to oblige it to pronounce
i"nu have rnmit wkll." A.
Kur Iks Orrgon Hclitor.
Whereas, it haa been our misfortune
to leave the army at Foil Wnscopam un
der circumstances, to ut, iho most dita
greeablo and aggravating and whereas,
the public may bu Imposed uoii by false
rumors, and conjevture wo U-g leave to
mtko a fair statement of tha facts which
compelled ut to this course of iniiiluct.
The company from Yamhill county met
at Portland agreeable lo tho proclamation,
on the lath or A"pril, ard orgauixcnl 011 tho
10th, and were the Sth company, after
which we, who had bnen elected tn office
by the popular vote of our company, made
application lolho Adjutant General for our
commissions, to which ho replied, that he
"would not commission a d d one of
ua" alledglng, aa hit reason for refusing,
that he had not witnessed the elections, lie
Immediately crossed the river, and being
met by a friend, waa enquired of whether
lha Yamhill company had not been organ,
lied and arranged ; he replied, in answer,
that ho "would not commission a G d
d d one of Ihem." Out after all thlt,
he gave ut our commissions, expressing tho
utmost tatitfaotlon with the men chosen
to offioe, aaylng that he had lust got Iho
man he wanted, any how. All w us right,
ao far aa known lo ut, until wo arrived at
the Cascades where we were politely in
formed that we mutt fall back ono compa.
ny, and let Ihe company from I'olk county
K before and there, for the first llmo, wo
gan to entertain feara of having been
Wo however (raveled on in the rood
without mueh complaint, and did not know
for oartaln until a mutter roll wat prescn.
tad for our signature at the tintii com.
merrlnl lOimtry, and it dc.endi on rnf, . tectum or notice trom 1110 nomo uovcrn.
now, to render il one of th..tAiiiTrrsi.fnfi. neglected, solitary and alone.
,',,,, ,, , ,., Wc occupy but a small .pot, turrnundrd
dencet of civilLed man.on the f.eeof the nM1 I J,, Met fc efm MnM o(
Oregon Clly, (Oregon .Territory,) June 1, 1848,
had not mi
ul of, h
been tn ati-d with Ihe Injustice
, bul in illstinrtlon wat madfrl can It be praclloallv douyj Tlial is Iholbliaslng of Ool on our labor, and Cat
i. Capt.Neimltbacompa.ucfllimto which I will turn cur moil ., ,. . ..iu J tjtLrt fc..
, , . ',...
W) K,l nno ini wu wrf0 U 0f nnti
m.ry tw ,Uyn, whilo llw oilier woro fa.
vuri'd witli plenty. Wo also made appliee.
"" for .munition, at mio fourteen of our
"'""V , lAh
we should liavn vnno Iwforo we left for
I'orl Wat'irs. Tim othor cunpaaie woro
furnished ainunilion, plenlyr wi auppote.
Wo sis') asked In have our hones shod,
as tho other companies worn getting Ihelre
tlirwl llinf ii fwli.il klirilnfr. anil wrm tirrim.
j,P1 ,,,, ,,,, wlll,, wo ,,wulj u fa
rd to and finally wnarolold that w could
wait and get our horses shod and follow,
'". "' overtake Ihe army mjJ lha
oilier tympanies wrro reanyiatlho intrch
'.irscr ll. nrebnTofficcr Mill
rritItaK to gito ujour proper nuutter.
Wn now camn tiLHhe dcU'rminaltati, at
,,,., ,r ,..u ,. --
all liaiards. to return home, aa we areuU
'" coimuand a company laboring under
' a . a '
wmaikiiIh command a company under
muli fircumstancns, and wo had no reason
to Ulieve that our aubacquenllreatnicnt
M0I!M ""-'ler-aa we are in tbabab.
it oriuduiiiir men s future conduct br (he
,' n ' ,
Vw Hn lrr..t home, and are nleasadlo
learn that our neighbors justify ut in re
turning. Wn regard ourselves aa patriot
lo as any other men, and nro ovor ready lo
defind our country's riuiits and lioiox,
as some nf us have done, in tho field, be.
-,,. wc Ltme t0 orf on. Hut we are un
willing to lm a foot. ball for any eel of ty
the Captain, thn 1st and Itad Lieutenant,
ami twelve privates.
WM. J MARTIN,
II. I) MARTIN. "
Vol Um Uistsa ffla.lt,
extract f aua Attaltaaa 7'
U, I'ETK II. UltMETT. Esq. ft
mrttimg of a portion of tk$ ciHumt f
Tualatin Court, raffed lo ta tat ran
tliernhon Ike prowrictw of lit arWaM
nmtnJmtnt to the Organic Lcne, ttri
ling out lk srord "rtgulate" ami inrrrf.
in Ihe wont "prohibit."
It seems to mo to he the duty of
man in Oregon, lo fairly and Jafnetlly
consider Ihe peculiarities or our ailuation
in this distant land; and also tweigh well
thedutv woohc to ourselves, our children,
and our country. e are here a very
young and small community, two ,"ou
sand miles from tha Inhabited bonier of
Ihe jountry o left, and nearly four thou.
sind mill s from the capital of our mo her
vv-...., .-... . .-... ...... j
linit.1. nf riiniiitii,. Aavsirrs. betlteen us
hands of roaming savages, between ut
and Iho homes of our father., without pro
savages, constantly traversing the coun
try, and communicating with other tribes
These Indians arc at peace witn cacti otn
er, and havo been mi for yeart. They
have a common antipathy ngaintt us, and
entertain a common jenlotity. If the in
traduction, distillation and sale of ardent
spirits bo permitted, the trade mutt and
will toon extend to all the Iribca in Ore
gon. There arc plenty of men who will
readily engage In thitbutinea; and what
must be the inevitable result ? The Indi
ana will bo made drunk, will be cheated
an w 11 no mauc uruna, win no cneairu
out of their hows, and will .teal to make
it up, and this will certainly Itad to tear. ,a man may uuim as spicnuiu uuuu. ..
Hands of drunken Indians will pass into . hit meant affonl, yet, If he willfully sett
the settlements Insulting and ubusing our1 i0n fire and burns il, the government
ivmniet, killing our siock, ami roojwig
our houses. Thlt community will bo kept
In a .sate of excitement and war for the
next fifty vears. Our American expert.
1 nee hat shown thai no disparity of num.
bora ill keep tho Indiana ul peace. Only
a few year ago tho Scniinolct kept the
whom power ol tno unitru siairi at nay
r. .- i .1... ... .. n.n.l.,l
writ-urn. ill iiimi w.-iiiv., nv iaii.hih
millions of dollar, and lost ten men per.
bana 10 their one. mosilv owinc to the dis.
canes incident to tho climate ; and let me
. .. -..- : ....
say that the swumps of Honda did not
allonl inoro luacovs'Iblo hiding placet,
than tho Kauyont and Mountains of Ore
gon. Although wo should ultimately bo
ablo to conquer them, It would injure tho
country to an immense extent, retard lit
settlement and cripple un itt already lan
guishing commerce. We aro engaged
now in an Indian war, which will cost half
a million of dollars, and will pcrhapa end
In killing about at many Indians at llioy
havo killed of ua; and thlt will boon, at.
though nur men havo acted nobly. From
this email experiment wo can anticipate
what Oregon must iiiflbryrar aftorycar,
from continued war with skulking Indians,
ready at all timet to hurras you, with
nothing to loso in the way of property,
and every thing to gain by a contest.
Perhaps many will answer "we aro
uwtnlmoHily opposed lo telling liquor tn
the Indian," I candidly do not doubt
Ihsj.tafcu rtaiotrAfr. Can a law
be legally passed under our prc.ent Or.
ganio Law, to prohibit thi traflo w t h In. I
3l.n. ? I thlulc I will astlsfy you that It I
caniM. Hut adfriiltimr for Ihn nrcsent
that itoould bo constitutionally prohibited,
caadiii atlcnli'iii. If vou cut down the ... . , ,., -tr ? ,
fcm tlalks at clean as you p'caao, In three ' " ,,,i" d,y- cvr,y c,,", P'"0" "l" '",
or lourdaya, you find new heads unfolding i "li,, owi"!? "' rPIs abstaining from
themselves, and you have porformed a I Ihe use of intoxicating liquor. Tux ratT
very idle and useless ihlnc. You must i , rtim.i m t n-T,.. iviti r.
m oown io ins roots 11 you intend to stop
2. ..l. r ,t.f ii . i ftj .
A 7i - -i ... ". .... I
ate growth of Ihl evil wend. And so it
will be with the Indian liquor trade. 80
I'xsa aa men are permitted to make it, they
will sell lolho Indian trader, and he to tho
Indians. I am a littlo acquainted with
llpi practical operation of law. Under
oar law an Indian cannot testify agahaet
Akile mut, nor should be be permitted
todo to; and how will you prove the of.
Atsoa t You cannot make the seller tettl.
fy against himself; and at no one would
be present bul the Indians who purchase,
by whom could you prove anything, and
01 what avail would your law be? The
Indian trade could bo tarried on without
., taBuu vmiu w.
the faar of detection
The quettion comet up, can Iho Legit,
ifc M?Sim lc
' a . . ... I
lo whites, then not to Indiana. In the Or
gtnic Law the Legislature It given the
power, ''to pat lawa to regulate the intra,
duction, manufacture or aale of ardent
prit." It It again provided that "all
powers not hereby delegated, remain wim
the, people." Now put tbeae two together,
aaal unlet regulate, meant prohibit, there
it jto pnkMtorf power given at all, and
D act can be paated to prohibit It in any
cane. If in one cae, it may in two, and
ao on until thn Legislature can prohibit in
all oaset. There la no distinction made
in in tranlo Law between white, half.
tryasjt, and Indiana, and no power given
to prohibit, unlet that word meant "rrgu.
lai." Tb two terro't convey to the mlod
very differ ideas, eren in common par.
left. Bttt in lewd aooeputloo I appre,
batki their aaaaoaaag at atiU mare, widely
dMrent. ByiWCoxwtltuHonof.b Unl.
tegftaaaa, Attfato laj, tWotiou atha t.
WMBkawtwIit " r,qerwd
JTrTricwat coaoavarea wlthaawtaa
j aiiliat, and aaaaaw tka aaveral etatea,
7dard 0 nUH and metture.
Now under iheaa vranta of cower could
is-reta prohibit all commerce with for.
cign nttkms, and among tne several Mite,
ana alto pronioi. ine use 01 coin aiiogeio
erf Suppose Consret tliould peat an
act prohibiting the people of the State
upon tho Ohio and Mississippi river from
taking their produce to New Orleane in
t,,,,, inr,lnc 0r pe,ce j ,, lnere a
,-ur, ihe Union wlio would esteem the
M 1 r 1 , . ., .. , fc .
The won, ,, ,)oes not in ,pgl, con.
cinpl,,,on ukt ,ho pov. t0 rfwroy, or
' . .
ll is then clear in my mind, that tho
Legislature can pats no act to prohibit
the tale of anient spirits to Indians, and
that the act of 1840 to that eflect ia un.
constitutional. Those therefore of our
friends who think thai the Legislature, if
it had the jwirrr, might mako tome effi
cient law to prohibit as to Indiana and not
at to whites, ought to vote with us to give
that body the power to prohibit; because
it would still be with tho Legislature a to
howfarlkty would extend tho act. They
would not bo compelled to pass any act
upon the subject, even II the amendment
thculd be made.
For Ihe Bpsclator.
Ml. Editor It it admitted, by all law
,.,,.,, 0,,,,. ,i,.,
UulborlUe. in free or de.po c Suet, that
. Mn punish him a a criminal ; and tincc
it ha a right lo punish him for destroying
a lump of dead matter, which was hit
property, surely, It has tho right to prevent
Ida depriving himsclfof hit reason de
stroying liia health, and throwing himself
lauu lainiiv uuiuvu un wi. ..'.,.. ....,,
i . . . . . , ,
land to prevent hi. dcmornlirlng the rising
I Generation, by his vicious example. Let
- .."... ..
ut cxamino tho disadvantage of intempc.
ranee, and Ihe benefit of temperance, and
for this, purpose, compare the ttalo of the
border settlements on the Eatt tide of the
Rocky mountains, and tho British settle,
mcnlt in New Zealand, with our; and
though Iho first havo all the assistance
their retpocllve governments can glvo
them ycl, they havo troublo with tho na
tive!, in which many and many .valuable
life hat been lost ; and in New Zealand,
wholo actllemcnlt have been destroy,
cd ; all caused by tho free use of Intoxica.
ting liquor j while wo havo been able to
form .settlement, orderly, peaceable, and
prosperous, beyond any intt.nce of the
kind in North America, and pcrhapa In
Ihe whole world among eavaget, at a
ditlance of Ihree thousand mile from tha
rnr w-ij rmvwjvtW"i
civilized world, without any other awls,
UncCf or prolc.ilon, under tlie providence
r n i i . i i . j
f " ,'Ul T 0W,n K,,wl ,:',n,,UC,, ,nd
I'!"' abstaining from Iho use of Inloxl.
'caling Lbjuors, which has secured tho
" " "- w "" ' -...-.., " -- "-
tvtr.ii, ami rociziiNa will hkctre um.
In tho war which closed by the taking
of Canada from the French, ao littlo wat
ihe uau of Intoxicating Ibfuort known iu
lbs Stale, that l.rd, thai Belknap at aSen,
that on an expedition toward Canada, the
army had only ono pint of alcohol in the
medicine chctt, lo terra in case of necesl.
ly at a cordial.
Your ancestor! rote in anna, and
threw the tea overboard, merely, because
ll was intended through il, to'deprive them
of the just fruitt of their labor; but if in
their day, lb baneful eflVcta of intoxica.
"l-had been., a.r.r.11. a, a,
.....-a u.1.. I I. ntA.J thatt In ill
present, when it it proved, that In the
United Slates, 30,000 victim of intempe
rance, anually, descend into the drunk.
ard'a grave; from the manner they acted
toward the tea, which it a healthy bare.
rage, there is no doubt, of what they
would have done with intoxicating liqsjora,
the ute of which Uod ao condemn, tJtat
we are told drunkards shall not tahtrm thsv
Kingdom of God.
Your immortal anoaatort, had .be glo
ry of erecting the standard of religious
and civil liberty, on tha Atlaotio aide of
this continent; 'you their descendant,
can emulate their noble example, a you
can thlt day, ea the aboraa of tha Pacific,
toreador, thai tag ctnaperanoa,
araTeataiiatai, layour Territory, enrich,
lJaMBiiw, ta pwfl0rUon MU-vm-'
4rtltir MVaw aiaa aaaaaraMe, and aagrai
aal; rr Mjraaacw w taa vxcwca .
rarrraa. Waves aararra laaat 0 taawl
aauaaa, taa aaatan eart or Oaa.ta
-.-i. wr wm-mm.
taaa to aoaa or Toa raUsrffillMiJ
nt havr tx otoar or aiuo Alt x-
AxrLi to mi wnoti woilo.
Clackamas Cirr. May 19. 1948,
Pursuant to a previous notice, number'
of the citixea of lh eastern portion of tbi
county, met at the meeting boua near
Wm. Arthurs, sen., and organized them.
sel.es by calling J. Foster to tho chair,
and J. 1". Hogers secretary, ihe object
of the meeting being atated by the Preti.
dent, Mr. IIuU offered the following reto.
Resolved .That the person who shall re
ceive two-thirds oflhe vote of this meet,
ing, shall be considered the candidate for
a representative in thia neighborhood.
After several balloting! it retulted ia
the choice of J. P. Hogers whereupon
Jat. Holman and P. Foster requested that
their names bo withdrawn from before tho
public. Gen'l McCarver, being present,
wat requested by a vote of the house, lo
address tho meeting, he did to in a few
fertinent and appropriate remarks. Mr.
lolmcs, being called, also made a few per.
tlnent remarks. The meeting then doted
with a resolution that the above proceed,
lugs be published in the "Froe Press" and
"Spectator." J. FOSTER, ChV.
J. P. Rogers, Sec'y.
Cemknt Ilooriao. A. M. Crotby, of
Louisville, In a Nashville paper, kaa prac
tlccd a new method of roofing houses with
much euccesa. Hit process he describe!
"On the rafters I use a thecting ol plank
laid close but not jointed ; then from one
eavo to the other, over the ridge, 1 draw,
and tack down any kind of strong tow
canvass or cloth, closely to the eavet, and
a taok onco in Ihree inches, all along Ihe
rdgo over the roof. These strips of cloth
I lay down, letting tne cage overlap auoui
one inch, until the whole roof i covered.'
' .w,.,!! "1 T!!n,g!A r"!.
" t rtiLTZitoir&itevM-"- "How thU, by far tha
building. The cement Is prepared a fol-
IUWK m:il III .Vll W ... .w..(, H..M W .WW-
tallow; then, In a tub standing by, mix It
with four gallont North Carolina lar (do
not get coal tar, at It will rot the can.
vati.) Then ttir in two quarts fine water
lime, at you would In making muth then
tako Iho cement, in a warm atate, in a
bucket, and, with a common white.wath
brush, lay it on the cloth, rubbing il tlior
oughly in. Let il then be, for drying a
bout four days. Then make more cement
in the tamo way, and 4ay it on, at before,
and lift dry sand on the surface as much
aa will ttlck on. In a week put on a third
coat in the aame way; and If il it well done,
not a drop of water will get through it for
five yean, when another coating may be
required. "Tb roof dttcribed cot me
1. . &.,. 1.. . 1..III. 11 ,u avalt. am, M Ilia '
one-third leaa than thlngl coWrlty
will not lake fire from tparka or oMartl -from
another building ot lr 1 M)tll,
waterproof, and with an outlay of Ire) .
lart once In three or four year, wttylaet
thirty yeart. ""
Rlacx Wxm.'.u Plcid. Boil 4 e ahaU
lac, 3 ox. borax, and 1 qcart of water, taH
dimolvol, add 3 ox. dlsaolvtd gumaaaai;.
boil, strain, and further add eaowghafti ,
mixture of equal parti of calckaatf larnav. ,
black and Indigo previously IrituratttJ
an Impalpable Anenrat,jo prodooa
or color, agitate well, let it atand twtvaw,
three hour lo deposit tb ooarter asirUaai
of tha msrder. and bo.lL far U. TkU
fluU la Inonrmdlble It IisdeaXrtaWatasjtltJtiVw'f
tin, alcboM, He dilute tm,mmm'
oonotnlrated a to oroy'lU ptftw.;; it- t
flaws aa4r from the pen wM(tBpail.'
omittd. " .ffe
Wate arxoor Currff Moiaata Ik aMl
on tha wrong tide, first with a weak aaatsat
ofltinglats, and when dry, with tut ariettas
of nulgallt. r
Sictur'i Pttnt Apply aril aaalutlaw
of Indian rubber in oilof .utpeatine, m-
afterwards another IntHaarb)rtratef,
rendered very drying by the ua otilpm.
On thlt, wool of other material of wUak
the fabrio ia made, cut brio prcfwlaatglka'
b tpraad, and tha whoteawitkMa
prew, whereby tha turftc MMlrasf aiaf
Pever'i FUmU-Uabue to aatft aa ts
wrong aide w Ws a olntioa of Mwajlaai. fi.
drkte-ArtM:aitJta wroaf aT
I brttawa4 lavwaawj-nat Mtairia
iqipervioua to, water, baraattoahr.
-"". . aV. .i I. U
Far dw One .atfi
Ma. EniToaanait nw iMaaajiwr ,
column, to aay a fcw word, aa afcal.aj;
csxawatafM oaaot iaa awat
leota ftat wrar aa. at aar
the' aUteatVaa if taa jaafls af
Tb aubiaat alsjaat a ia
vsjbb.bbbs aawy avvvwr taatt
aaraaar of ream la
aasl titwaar; MiiltMaeVta
queacaa that aver have, aad always wH,
result from the taw) of acatoaoo Makaaa.
a beverage. And btaidea, tbara ia aa yat
very littl capital iavaatad In tha
facture, tale or unportalloa of
liquor into thia country ai
the fore of clrcuinataaeaa our 'itolaltai
condition, aad proximity to nuraaroMtav
get, (who might becoaaa daagarou
neighbor, should unprincipled white man
aupply them with apiriluoua liquor,) wilL
induce tome to co-operate with ua, wk
would not under different circumtt
The great quettioa which we
upon to decide, i r Shall the Orgaaie Law
be ao changed aa to atrike out taa word"
"regulate," and Insert "prohlart" ia ia.
stead i Willyou go tolh aoU,aa4iv
the exercise of tho noblest prerogativo aT
an American citizen, cast in your rata lo
"prohibit" the 'evil monster" from aaca
ring any foot hold in Oregon t Call k
mind the land from which we came tk
home of our childhood, with which aro
associated the fond recollection of oar
early lift has not that land too loaf
I groaned under Ihe eervile exaolioaaof a
bacchanalian Ood, ai whose shrine Pagaaa
were wont to offer Iheir eaerileeat Let
il tumce.thst 80,0X0 victim annually ef.
fer themtelve a willing aaoriiee lo Iaa
fell demon of Intemperance in taa taaiaf
our nativity. I trust that wa who aaa
chosen Oregon aa the home of our adap
tion, will never content to polgt"wkh
the poisonous atrtama of intemparaaea.
thit beautiful land, which alway aatilea
in it perennial greenne.
Shall we", who bear the nam ofTChri
tlsns, come lo these far western ahoreev to
lay Iho foundation of
a great Chrlatlan
dangerou enemy lo the protperily rind
happinet 01 tit human family, to roam
at large, blighting the fair proapeote, aad
Ihe brightest hopea of thia young Reeafc.
lloT God forbid that we, who boaat that
we are the freest people oa taa aW,
should make ourtelva the Willing aUvea
of an imperioua appetite for atraaa; eVtakt
Let ua Oregonlent, resolve now skat wa
will be free forever that wa wUI atvet
again enter Ihe TempU-ofBaaaaaa,
join in the dltguatiag revelry of Ua atiav
ted follower. t .
Let ua, in aplril, aot over taa gliriaaa
daya of 70. Our iethera rata ia aSa
mighty tplrit of liberty,
jaajfjf -..kL ....
HbF MMKIP -
arf '- Xh-.v-,
4 KvJt.l .
H1 ! '