Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (June 15, 1848)
rT - "- .!i
ra r wm:
n.i - '.akTVirf
C ' ''iAVfl
. ' r-.ii.
: ' i '
Wm(wnN Um Mir f tonpf ra IaIcm lit war1
M f'vt KtJLiLl
Tf Um Dragee BaM tetsr.
M. Kmtor : Dear Sir It is no por.
lion of my with to oooupy your pages
unnecessarily, mil were It not that I have
an interest (o defend, I ahould lay no more.
And had I riot anticipated your co-operation,
(Instead of your opposition,) I should
not have written at all.
Hut we bog your Indulgence a little Ion
ger, and promise you, that this (ball be
our last ootnmunioation, on lb tamo sub
ject, unleee, eomethlng uneipeoted ehould
rrnderathlrd communication, abeolulely
The whole affair lewltli the people, and
whatover.they do, at a republic, le there
fore politically right; and we cordially
ecqulejoe In Ibeir dcoUiat). v
"SuppW then we have no law, whivh
could bo comtrued to I ho advantago of
claimants; after the newi of donation
reach the country ; what then 1
If, ai you "iuflnic" we haro a law, and
that law rrachee on until the landi are
brought into market, then there le no ipace
loft for juniper, ae you farther suppose.
And if lliie etatute llt-s no long, every
other atetutc will Urn at long, and the
entire provisional (loTrrnment will con
tinue until Iho lamUare brought into mar
krt for the Mine reason, regardless of the
extension of the general Government.
Thit, no one can effect. Our object l, to
have tho rrcrni mil of the people etpress
edlna tangible form, In a law declaring
the specific object fur which It la enacted;
ami luukn It resell not only until the ex.
trillion of tin- ireucral tiotrrnimnt, but
let the law specify that it shall oerate
until tho lamia ere tmiu)ht into market ;
ami then, should that law Imi adopted by the
(jotrriiincnt officer ae we "suppose" it
may br, there will be no apace IcA fur
jumping claims, and all will bo aafe. Hut,
do nothing and there ia apace left fur jump
ing and all la loat.
We arc in a aad predicament truly, II
wo cannot aecure jiutice to ouraclvet,
when all tho country la of one mind.
Why air, I eltould much prefer to poat
pone the reception of the general .Sovern
mrnt another year, until Congrra could
lie impressed fully, and fairly, with 'the
juatietl of our claim J aa liaving come lierc
at the intraiire of that Government aa
hating come hero upon the tacit promieet
of Congrcaa aa hating achieved a grand
national objcct-Vaa having encountered
every description of danger, and diatrea
aa having fought alngle handed againal
a aavage merry, and ten thouaand other
thing equally dangerous and difficult
all of tthtth for ike benefit of On parent
country; and wo heailato not to believe,
that aurli a courac of procedure on the
part of tlila territory, would accompliah
all that wc doalre. And ao far from alien
ating the feelings, and rcapecta of the pa.
rent country, it wordd be the mean of
more permanently aecurlng them.
A tremuloui, political coward, la aa
great a political curer, aa cau be Inflicted
on any people.
Hut air, the poatponement of tho Qano
rat Covemment la no part of our plan, nor
wish, only as a dirnlor resort. A law re
cently enacted, prefaced with an tUborak
proambU, aetlirf forth the critical situation
and fearful foreboding! of Oregoalans, to
gether with Ike argument! to be embodied
In a memorial, to Congress, prerfaVd, a me.
morial ahoald be neceaaary; oonatilute
the bone and alnew, of our own private
judgment But aa a dernier reeort poat
pone the recognition of the juriadictlonof
the United State, until Congreae ahall
have aiea memorialised.
Lest we abould be misunderstood, and
therifore raltrepreeented, with regard to
potpontmtnt, aa aome political dema
gogue are ever catching at atrawa, like a
downing mai ; wa would juat aay, that
we are not of the number who dealre an
Independent government in tin Territory.
No, to far from It; we. would prefer the
United Stale government, and buy our
land every fool j In preference to the dona,
lion of a uction, and be dented the protec
tion, and other advantagen, of that balmy
and bllatful government. Hut, ahould we
not aeek juitioe at the band of that gov.
ernment wlihea muoh aeal, aa wa would
at the hand 64 an individual I
It la useless to mnmorialiae Congreae, to
do what they cannot do ( and if 830 acre
of lend only or any leaa quantity ahould
be donated, and'all the balauoe left open
forocoupanoy, the very moment It I oc
cupied, it I gone fore'vet.by virtue of an
irrevocable contract, be'tween the occu
pant anil tho Reneral Government. So
that Congrra could not grant a pre einp. '
Hon on the other half of a claim, thm -j
longing to aome other man. Hut ki-tp 01T1
Inlrudt'ra la my doctrine, and now it tho I
time, and the only time for profitable ec-'
We are not faatldlout na to thn "inodua
operandi, aa you may suppose ; but
should bo proud to eon eoinctliiiig more in
harmony with eouud reaaon, ami the guno
ral good ; but youretalsJs ia intolerable aa
Whenofloeraare aenl here to commence
the national jurisdiction, they will no
doubt com with the organisational ar
rangement fur Oregon, a a Territory ;
but will they come with a book nSUitutctf
No, they will not.
What then, will be done T it a question
which might make lawyer disagree ; and
there ia apaoe here for conjecture ; but
one of two, or at farthest, one of three
tltlnfta will tijl ilutA littt Mr.. ntniHMii tiiu
-....-m,- -a.- -v w, . ..-. .. ,....-.. - .
to consider. Hither the existing ttatutary I
provisions will be mdafttd, or thn IokIsIb
turn will be called ; or a new legislative
body created, to enact uch laws aa tho
late of affair demands. .Should they
ailoplf we ought to have a law ready(
such aa prrciaely auit our circumo
atancec Hhould they convene thn mem
ber of our preaent legialaluri', the law
thould be ready for their ru-i'iiactinent,
and they would bo aurc In do a second
time, what they had done tho first: Hut
abould a new legislature he created by
proclamation and election, if thit law
waa itauding in bold relief, prefaced sit
we hate before said, It would bu much
mure likely to be rt-tnacttfl, than if noth
ing la done lo yrtditpott to ouch adnjition,
If tho Territory take a prate and dig.
nifled aland, and do whatever ia beat to be
done in protptct; with united toice, and
(irmly maintain, and guard their own
righta and inlereati, we are perfectly ae.
cure; but If nothing ia frotftclirtlif don, '
and the donation be only !H10 acre, or'
tea hereafter auch intelligence, would !
make it too late, forever and ever, to pe
tition Cnngroae, oedq any thing elac, to
aecure tire balance of our claim, either
by pre-emption or donation.
We ahould be pleated to hear from
the different countloa, getting up meet
ing to coniiider theae matter; and if
they, in their uuited wisdom think it beat,
then petition the Governor to convene the .
Ijfgiaiaiuro lor llio unjvcia airruuv ainiru
above; and make uch addition, abtrac-'
lion, or alteration as prudence and wit. I
dom dictate, nut, air, I repeat, your
oftatr, iaof all llilnga moat nautcating and
Intolerable a a curt.
VOX 1'OIH LI.
Fw'tli Orrfoa Hpteutor.
clv trataa Ik Atmr lo Iho Ladle.
At a meeting of the First Regiment of
Oregon Riflemen, at Waiilatpu, on the
13lh lost., for the purpose of adopting a
resolution, expreselre of their deep sense
of gratitude to the ladle of Oregon City.
..j r k. win. . ,,. vnu r... ,i,..i, i
! Wl . -.... .".J .v. ....
many praiseworthy and benevolent acts
and flattering expreaUon towards us;
not merely by furnishing us raiment, Ax.,
for these are matters of littlo iniiortance,
when compared with the healthy influence
of their sound, philosophical, mid putrlo-
tic' views, frankly expressed, in behalf of,
their common country. The meeting was '
called to order by Maj. Magono Capt.
Hall waa called to the chair, and Samuel
H. Goodhue appointed Secretary. The
chair, In a very appropriate manner,
briefly stated the object of the meet big,
when, on motion, It waa
Rftohti, That a committee of alx bo
appointed to draft a resolution, consisting
of one member from eaoh company, and
one from the field and staff officers.
The following person were appointed
Mid committee: Maj. J. Msgone, Capt.
W. Martin, Lieut. Rnyart, Lieut. John
son, James Robinson, and William W.
After a short absence, the committee
brought forward the following resolution
which waa unanimously adopted, and
three long, loud, hearty cheora given by
the whole regiment, to the ladies ol Ore
lUtohti, That the ladles of Oregon
City, and violnlty, are entitled to, and will
pleas acoept, the heartfelt and unfeigned
lhankacf every officer aad private In this
regiment, for the lavaluablo service Ihoy
have rendered us, both separately and col.
lsctlvtly. May tuch names, e'er long,
Oregon City, (Oregon Territory,) June 15, 1848.
- '.. 'i-il i . . J l.'-U
grarc thu pages of our. country' hialoryi
and Ixi hnndi'd down to posterity, as wor
thy of their imitation and example. Tho
articleyoiiJiaa Mint us, havo not yet ar
rived, lint wo are hourly expecting them.
''vy shall be equally divided among tboao
nhn aland rnoi't in need, and accepted by
tlinin, in tho manner you have act forth,
and no other: and whilst the clothing thu
kindly furnished, ahall protect Iho outer
man from thn rays, of the parching aun,
the benign influciico of yv.ur couniel, ahall
he a a beacon atar to hi Inmost soul
ever pointinjv him to that path which laada
to hi own honor, and hi country' good.
You apeak of thu hardship and privation
that we havo endured: 'Tl true, we
have endured aome, but bow insignificant
T", TrTTHd have euppceed It poieibl. W.
contrasted with those i..m ,, . .ri.r., L.iu , ,i..
they appear when
endured by our Revolutionary Fathers!
they manfully contended "with a much
more formidable foe, for years, In a cold,
rigorous, climate, staining the frost and
aiiow with their precious Moot), which wa
Ireely shed to obtain for lis thai liberty of
Inch we m proudly boast. The Laditi,
(iod bless them, were not wanting in their
duty to their country, under thoee tryiag
circumstances ; and are not wanting note,
and you may rest fully assured, that it
shall never be said of ut, that weare lea
levened) lest patriotic, or les brave, than
those vfio have cone before us. It shall
r be said that tho spirit and real of '70
aunot f.ud an abiding plate in the Ore
gou .oluuliera; or that vie arc unworthy
!.. bocaltol the descendanti of such lllus-
trious ancestors. Wo solemn
Wo solemnly idcdae
nurseltcsto ton, and the world, that wc
i ,i... ;.
will never learo the field until wc have
taught our satagu enemies, tho salutary
lesson, that territory, houses, and la ids
can never atone for the blond of Ameri
can citizens. It is a subject of regret to
us, thst our destitute situation ahould be
realized to a much greater extent in the
Valley than among ua. True it is, we
hate not over) thing we might with but
at the same time, there is not an individu
al among us, who had not rather go
months In hit present situation, if neces
sary, than to be guilty of taking the gen
oroaity of your citiien to Its full extent,
more especially the unfortunato Immi
grants of last year, who hare Buffered so
severely in both person and property.
The widows and orphans, of whom you
have bo affectionately spoken, will please
accept our thanks, and may they e'er
long have the satisfaction of knowing that
their wrongs havo been amply avenged,
and their country forever freed from tho
horror of Indian warfare.
Not having seen Capt. Maxon'a call
on the young ladies, we are perhaps not
qualified to do them justice. Their res-
xnse comes to us almost in the shape of
flattery. Yet, when wo know the back
wardness of many young men, in turn
ir.g out in defence of their country, and its
most sacred rights, we are compelled to
admit the propriety of such an expression;
yet, wo feci that rrar little service to our
country has not been auch aa should enti
man liiatsn ttstiai Isiml lea Iuk tialloir r. a
may have remained in the valley, for we
feel that wc havo done nothing more than
our duly, end consequently desert e no
higher consideration in your estimation,
than we were entitled to before we left tho
soclsl circle. Yet we acknowledge It is
a source of pleasure to us to know that
tho wcty wishes of tho young ladies of
Oregon are In our favor, and we are hip
py to say, that so long as we have their
prayers offered up in our behalf, we feci
that wo have a brighter and taftr sser,
than waa etor worn by any Roman knight
orv Potentate. And sinco ihoy have so
tenderly pledged their co-operation with
the young men in the army, lu all that be
comes the patriot woman, wc, lu our turn,
pledge ourselves, thst so long aa their
safety or favor is at stake, -to protect and
dcfond'it, to tho utmost of our abilities,
while lifo remain.
On motiou, it was Rttolred, That the
proceeding of this meeting bo published
in tho various sheets throughout the Ter
litory. LAWRENCE II A'LL.Ch'n.
Sandrl II. OooDitVK, Sro'y.
Scrnb in a Post Omen. "Mr. Pott
Office man, I want lo pay the postage on
'Singloor double, Mlsst"
"Doublo sir, (with a courtesy,) irar
married hit week."
nsitsN Frllows. There Is iron
enough In the blood of one man to make a
chain of sufficient strength to bind him.
Tho quantity of bras in his face is not
so readily ascertained.
UroaTiNCE or mitrnino watt. 1
seems paradoxical to observe that the ail
of listening well forma a part of the duty of
conversation. To give up the whole of
your attention to tho person who addresae
hiniMirto you I aomelimca a lieavy task;
hut il is one which we mutt pay for the
privilege of edolal life, ami an carlv prao.
lice will render il almost an involuntary
act of good breeding; whilst consideration
for other will give this little aacrifico a
morit and a charm of which tbe lowest
proonirChriitianfcelingcan never be de
vidd. To listen well, is to make an uncon
clou advancement in tho power of con
verting. In listening, wo perceive in what
tho interest, In what tho failure of other
consist. We become, too, aware of our
defioieociee, without having 'them taught
through the medium of humiliation. We
find ouratlve often more bznoraat than we
sort of topic which please, to form a style
of our own. Tlie 'art of conversation, I
an unpleasant phrase-- Tlie power of coo
versing well is least agreeable when it as
sumes the character of an art. In listen
ing, a well-bred gentlewoman will sympa
thise with the speaker; or If needs be, dif
fer as gently. Much character is shown
In tbe art of listening. Some people ap
pear to be In a violent hurry whilst anoth
er speaks ; they hasten on the person who
addresses them, a one would hasten on a
horse, with 'Yes, yes. Very good. Ah!'
Others ait on the full stare, eyes fixed aa
though of an owl,upon the speaker.
From others, a loud and long laugh is, at
iolort als produced, and all tlie company
turns round tu sec what was the cause of
tho merriment. Out all theso vice of1)
manner may l atoided by a gentle atten
lUn. and a certain calm dignity of man.
?f? "? """ " "
eflcctite mind and hum-
Fran lbs PolyosMaa.
sUfcreaBsl la Oregotv
There Is aotnethins so atartlinir in the
proposition of a Railroad from the Atlantic
to the Pacific Ocean, that many are led to
regard it as chimerical arm calculate to
rank oolv with aoeculatlona In water-lota
or discoveries In the moon. The baety ob-
rver is led to nrouounoe tbe scheme vis
ionary and impracticable. Tbe neceaal
ty however, or more speedy mean of com
munication between Uregoo and toe uni
ted Statee having drawn tbe publio atten
tion to this subject, we may confidently
hope the day la not far distant when tbia
grand scheme will be accomplished.
Several "plane hare alreadjr keesj pro
posed to accomplish the work. Tbe first
proposal, In tbe form of a memorial to Con
gress, was made by M r. Carver of St. Lou
is, who asks of the government credit fin
8,000,000 acre of the publio lands be.
tween tho Mississippi and Misxiuri River,
which he is to sell to enable him to build
the road the land to be paid for by tbe
stock of the mad when completed. The
second proposal waa mala to Congre in
a similar fom by Mr. Whitney of New
York, who asks for the land bordering on
tho road, 00 miles wide, extending from
Lake Michigan to the Pacific. Ocean, mak
ing a farm of 03,100,000 acre ; so much
of thit tract of land as misht be neceaaa
ry, to be sold to pay for the construction of
the road, the remainaer.to oeiong tp ine
memorialist. These proposition having
ucited no attention in Conarese, a third.
and much the most sensible of all, was
submitted to Congress hi Deo. 1840 by Mr.
George Wilkes. The memorial of Mr.
Wilkes, accompanied by a neatly executed
map, and an inquiry into the practicabil-
!- .aa a.
it is n9w upon our taote, and we
will endcatoT to convey his calculations
and arguments to our readers in aa lew
word a possible. We believe our read-
era will not regard the project aa Impossible
after a careful perusal of Us calculations
and arguments in favor of the underta
The navigable distance from New York
to the mouth of the Columbia River. Is. by
the route around Cape Horn, almost sixteen
thousand miles. Across the continent tlie
distance ia leas than four thousand. Hero
we have Iho enormous savlug of over
twelve thousand miles. The natural ef
fect of auch a communication would be
thn rapid settlement of Oregon agd Indeed
the filling up of all the north weat posses.
slons by hardy settlors. The road a it
progressed would be continually employed
up to the farthest point of Its completion by
these emigrants, and answering the mar
ket of iheir wants, an Internal trade would
follow, that would go very far toward
sustaining the current expenses of atten.
dance and repairs. When carried through
It directnesa and that accuraoy of dura
lion ao vital to successful commercial en
terprJcti would make it prefered by the
whole world before any olhor avenue.
The breadth of Iho continent, along the
parallel of latitude which strikes N. York
and the South Pass in the Rooky Moun
tains, has been ascertained to be about
8700 miles. From the Atlantlo Ocean lo
the Missouri River there is already a con.
tlnuous line of railroad and (team boat
communication. The two thousand milea
beyond, la divided Into two section of a
thouaand mile each. Ona. atari from
the Missouri aad apreada itaalf out to tlte
baslsoflhe Rock v Mountains. The other
drollnei from that ridge to the shore of
lion of the route ia at tbe Paaa ia its centre.
This ia 7400 lcet above tbe level of tbe
tea. The starting point on the Missouri
River, however, is almost 3000 feet above
the same level, which leavee but a rise of
MM feet, or five and a half lost to Use
mile, to overcome. To greater part of
thia ascant varies from two and a hair to
nine feet lo tbe mile. Only eighteen milee
ha a rise of forty-two ftet to the mil; and
something more than two hundred has bat
from aiztetn to seventeen feet lo the mile.
The remainder Is almost an actual, level
a amooth unbroken plain, leading gradu
ally to tbe culmination at tbe Pass. with.
out any difference between the true and ap
parent level, and presenting greater tacit,
itie for the construction of a railroad thaa
Is offirred by the seme asteat of any other
portion of the globe.
TtrpitotsaUUty of tbe route betweee
tbe dividing ridgasaad the mouth of tbe
Columbia, stands attested by every trave
ler from Oregon. A new line baa lately
been discovered which t reoommensfad aa
muoh superior. This starts from Fort
Hall on this side of tbe Rocky Mountains,
and takioaT a aouibward couree dip Into
California, making a circuit of 890 milea to
Tlamath Lake, then north through the vat
Ha of Rogue, Umpqua and the Willamette
to the navigablo water of Columbia Riv
er. Tbe average cost per mile of tbe rail,
road in the Coiled Slate is estimated by
Col. Abert of tho topographical bureau at
Wathinston at 4330,000 per mile. Allow.
ing tbe distance west of the Missouri to be
1090, tbe aggregate coat would be ,
000,000. This euro, may aeeoi immense,
but it will bo remembered that 20.0CO
milea of railway were firoposed to the Brit,
ish Parliament In 1846, on which the pre.
liminary feea of registration alone were
75.000.000. The estimated coat of the
entire road is but little more than one half
larger than the cost to tbe city of New
York or the uroton Aqueduct.
Mr. Wilkes reoommead that the time
allowed for iti completion be limiud to five
year, and that aa many aseo be employed
upon the work aa it Is possible'to obtain, aa
the sooner the work la completed, the bet.
ter It will be for every lotereet concerned.
Tbe largest number ia the best, aa it
vrould furnish employ meat to all tbe
lancuiahlac labor of the great dtiee: and
force by the gradual prog roe of the road,
nlationlnto OreesUsd California. The
artiaaaa aad laborers of the road fcay
liaaj) inn 4njp leiitpt.f .wavjii
they" have been aataiii to hoard.
by the time they arrived in that distant
territory, be poaaeeaad of a beatlsome com
petence, and takuur advantage of tbe oov.
ernment bounty to settlers, become at onoe
substantial landed proprietors, whoa pat.
NotuHn and obedience to the laws would be
seturely guaranteed by their interest in
the eoil. &
Mr. W. recommend that it be a nation
al undertaking, because the Immense rev
enue arising out of it would, in the hand of
a company, create a monopoly liable to the
most dangeroua abuses. Hear what he
say respecting the result of thia mighty
"The nraetical oontbrull v which the rail
road will confer upon our PaclAo front will
ensure u the pre-emption aad command
of all the market of Ada aad bar Islands.
Under thia impulse, our cotton and other
taotoriee would increase anew s our eaten
ding agricultural operation would widen
to the weat till they waved their harvest
o er and o er tne land, and together Man
ufactures and agriculture would distribute
their innumerable products along the wes
tern coast and diffusa Ihem amons the la-
lands of the ocean. Tbe few grains and
other stores which have heretofore been a
ble to endure the trying passages through
burning and through frigid nones, will then
escape the equator altogether, and after
adding to their list the whole catalogue
oi nature's bounties, carry mem directly
ano vritnout pause or peril to regions con
tatnlns sis hundred million! of consumers.
With corresponding outlet to the east and
west, our country win preaent the specta
cle ofan enormous granary pouring Its a.
bundant iasues upon either ocean, to sup.
ply the want or tne immense popula
tion w hlch face them from both aide of the
eastern hemisphere. On the) other hand
Asia and Polynesia would respond by an
increased consumption, and in exchange
lor our cotton, our Hour, our corn, our to
bacco, our pork, our butter, it our manu
factures, would send us back their teas,
their silks, their cploes, and their gold.
Now the balanee of the eastern trade is
heavily against us, and China alone annu.
ally absorba Ave millions of our specie up
on those of her goods for whioh aba will not
Ibke our too expensive products in ex.
change. With however, a direct avenue
and a short and cheap approach, wa shall
stop the injurious drain and turn the ad
"No ocean is to remarkably adapted to
team navigation a the Pacific. It tram
quit (urfaoe 1 scarcely ever agitated by a
storm, and propitious wind and current
accelerate the course of the mariners a.
oroaa ita bosom. Tbe general motion of
ua water i irom west to east, na average
velocity of twenty -eight ibIIh a day, la
oonsequenoe the eea appeara on aaena por
tion of the ooast to flew eoattaatryfrom
the land, and vessel tail with great celer-
sW atasa Aeoavaleo
llaaWe Islands, oat
ortb-Bast trade wind Hewa i
nterrupiaoiy Between iswee -'Bsjp-j
current and the flow of tV a, mSmHyi
vessels within this realoa. to
America to Asia without cbaactac tMtl
ail. Our course lo the Iadiea twitpa 'J;
swana oi oi. juan am rucat; ntaaa bbiij
mouth of the Columbia: or from rise WmrA
or Han rraaoteeo in uaHamua, was m
south-west to the Sandwich MMssa, mA
from tbeaoe. directly alone the twiMMi
parallel, acrce. .KetanMna by a mm?jI
.a . ' . w
northwardly route, advantage wonlal toAl
taken of the polar current waiehaet Hl
ur ... r- -L-a. ,- n-i..i - r. j
of the varying winds pnveflJaf U tU IU
rr, uweros we oi raise es uwsinsau saa!!-: j
higher latitudes. -' . fSS
data, wa saan tbe PaeiAe in IMsmtYlMMIt
viuait w hhi mmwwmm wm wsssvrr:
w. . .. r .. . !, a tbsaa - m
and thus in tweoty-eigbt daya'arWIesV. -,'
log the City of New York, w raaes Nb U'J.
potts or uataa. ny tna aaasa iwaw wwmt
the product of tbe Beat way laaa)M;
tna snore oi Europe in lamy-naaa e-ajfj
j oays penoo oi iimsj m oae vmwmm:j,
that now taken to make llaa MriIoajsTlatVj
sage -around tne souioera laiiinaRiaweaj
.. . ,,i. M 't
America and Africa, loo
of the speed across the land ia
rule or twenty miles to tne near. ai aajaj
rata of thirty, wa could mm Um assM- v.
oent in five davs. and if wa ever lata) a '&
rise to tbe maximum oCBaglian
Drtse.-.whkh ia aixtv milea t9 tna
we JntVbT'nM upon both etataaw within V$
the circle or three nay.
The view thit thus ODeat to tttt i
Cretchet beyond U ordiMry calettklMt f
aa tne m.iirunii tnteuect wwie ji
tataas aevwsar. laa eliiMftdftHa saaWskltalLaaaaatl uM ' I
1 Jll IV m aa v qnyw wjaanasi nag waa-
fearful, that In an unwary monunt R haa
been seized upon by aome lulualiaisag
dream. A moderate forecajt jelaea wi
a oaatioua calculation may, hum
foraaaa ita manifold Ueasiag. Thn liahaa
of tbe most unlimited market kt Iha warlti
would be thrown open to our ssrartn,
and obevimr tbe new imtrolae tbua iaMunV
ed lo h, oar ooromerce would laaranaa W 7J
every ocean billow batman iwhsai Ma ;M
China aaa would twinkle with a aail."''
Osa arraait dtatirbaok to tha taWsaBssssat.
of eapital here baa been oar aii'llsf A
poallioa. Few people who etaW W
re wimog 10 scuenauai wmmw.wm.-
tung Mnnanenuy in a eooatry aa aw as -
aavad free tha clvlliaad mrM, iMtnawj ?
ao aaueb tune araal an wmmmkTmm
alaeaieMlna nositionlo raaslva a I
Ur period Intelligenoe fraea all psutaaf .
the world. Tbe long and tadfaaje ijm
around' Cane Horn vould be avoiaW. ail i
our eitiaen could vh-1 boeae la aa wan ft .
mace of time aa tiioee whoa few MM
Jnem hsMI si fcv haadratl asUsa Isvlatasl.
could vialt the aea-port town. Tha Maa-4
netic Telearaph would undoubtedly feHW '!?
the route of the railway. Tha mantha i
now occupied in transmitting utellijMaaa
to Oreson would then be, accomefiehetl '
in aa many aeconds; and wa who now wait 1
mooiha lor news iron noma,. satgaa m:
J ratified with lu reception in It r 11
tys from tha ahorea of tha AllagsJf 1
ware these Mvantagea added to aw Mb ;
wa believe there are tew among sM'whtV
would with to change pur aaanr Ut for".
the bleak and chill winJtraofleea liv4
Ciuritxsa or PtBAsraa. DtaJ ysjai'
ever study the obeapnaaa of flwenraf ,
Do you know bow little it takaa to aaaka '
a multitude happy f such iriflaa aa m paav A
ny, a word, and a amiieoo um wont..
There are two or throe little boya i
along: give them each a obeatwai.
how sortiing they loot; wa'U aa M
than, w.ll not ha, ttmtm trip ss BMMar
,(. eaeswv exaenaeasovtan
W f-g5 rLff;--
poor widow Uvea in our DelahteshiaatT W '
is tne owner ot a nan a ooaea aaaxj
n ; tend in half a peck'ol awaataaaiM.n
I they will be happy. A child haa Mat.
arrow, all the world to him, anils j
his arrow, all the world to bins MM k-'
mourns aadlv: helohlmta find it. araaatBa"l
who la the owner of a half a ooaea aai?J
KIhi aiuilKMr anH tMH, aiiillitw. vrtH sk 1,".
"'- - - wwm hnmm.' -w
uuaiwiv YmJ uwsi iu mttnf
A boy has as muoh aa ha can 'do la i
up a load of wood; assist him a few M
uies, or speaa a pitanani worn so ant, i
no forgete his task and works away w
out nunditt it. iour appreeioeaapa n
aen a mug, or oui tne vest too larwe. mm ;
has 'left anout.'or'iitedaaBMdM.'A
you scoundrel,' and 1m feel HasaMM. .J
out remara, -i am aorry, nan wjfmm aae
ter ia future,' and ha feda a graft bImI ,
uetior. i ou nave empioyea a aaa
him cheerfully, and speak .a,j
word to him. he leavea your heaj
a contented heart, 'to light up Ml MtataaV
with smiles of gladness. . -Wi,:
as you paw awug tna mtmm, yaajii
many a tamuiar laoe. pay; 't
inaaa thouah you felt aviha 1
it will work admirably la tha
your neighbor. ' 'tTO.v?
Pleasure la obaan who um Ml H
shine, and flowara all akstjav
rasp iiram Willi nuaaaae
bsrmaucauy in Bur I
Rather let tu take thea'tsW
us: la the eat of tha wmmt. i
of childree. to tha utftmi
man of busjaeea asawsaaMtav Ml
the wrete happy, thf mim
4 vFfw-i ,,-lfrj