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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View This Issue
"WfMrt the fttar f Ets,ii takae Ms way,"
rm , riT
l' Ik Ortfa) VsasUtor.
Ma. KtiiToa I see by your paper, No.
l, that n gentleman who signs himself "P"
writes: "Mutt wn yield up all we have ac
complished ? tlio thought Is iiitnleralilo."
I'or my pari I never htard any person
mention, that wn ought to wlthilraw, from
Waacopam, or Port Watcri ; hut I have
heartl it stated, that the !! measure, we
could pursue, to punish llie murderers, was
'n keep ihoa two posts, take care of the
whrat anwnl at I'ort Water, and vend aa
irtuoh more there aa we could, an aa to have
provision to feed the garrison tint winter.
The government will And It necessary,
to keep a military foro there, lor a year
or two, to keep thoan Indiana In cheek ;
and while doing thla, to do all we can to
conciliate the Indiana, by treating all the
innocent Indiana kindly, to convince thorn
that nur object la only to purtiah the tnur.
hirers, in oltlience to the command of
I tod but withhold aiiiinuiulion from
Thia la the plan followed by the Hud-
aon'a Hay Comiauy. in auoh casts, ami '
which hat alwaya succeeded; and which '
ihey adopted, Mol only win n the Indiana1
murdered any of their people, but also
when the Indiana had wur among them,
seliea; and 'though at first, Ihey grunt
Med, yet, they were convinced, of thn pro.
priet) nf the measure, b the II. II. IV
traders, telling ihem, tlist Ibey brought am
iiiiilioii to I In- country, M trade with them,
n enable them lo kill gaini-, Io feril lli'-m-riven
and faimlii's, but nnl tube employ,
id in bHiting whites ur Indians; and if
this plnu suieenlcil, ai.d kept the country
tHlel, when there were Illy alsiul two
himiln-d w lutes ilisperti-d through it, sure-
I), 11 cannot l.til now that there are oleni I
twenty thousand, settled m thr valley of
tlio Willamette, ulnne. It is true, mi the
other aide of the iii'iunlaiiis, they bate to
t'r'ht the Indians, to bring them to terms
huiwrnn-diir-ri-iill) situated, and wo ran j
make tlii'iu fd their deiiilence 'n il,
and bow much they are al our mi riy, b
mausgement alone ; as they are pressed
I'll IIIPCMI '. ,11... ... -,... ... ...
i I... il..lr i.,. .!..
IV. t, and Ibey en, get ammimiii n ul I
lioiiliis, nil'l by drpritiug them of it,
thev nro not only deputed of 'he iiiuans
nf definee, but also of liiliillil .'anie In
feed ibeinsilfs mid fnmilies. ill this
manner, ii mju'V would ! done to the
HiiuKiiit, wbi' Ii it is our ilut) lo (!'l, "lid
to otirselteN, to noiil itoili, mi aa ,ot to
ci lie the spirit nl reii-ugn to which our
I'rjn'.ier sitllers would l'iome ielinis:
me! the innocent Indiana iiuiiinced of the
justice ol our prmeeilius, llll I aulierillg
fro.uthe nitutuf iiiiuiiiiiiiIioiIi will U'coinc
fiXaH-rnlcd iiguiiKl tlm iniinlerers, mid if
ibey r.'inain mi tin ir liiuds the innocent
Indians will guide us to ibein, and uc can
punisli them fur th Ir crinios, as they de.
nerve. In thia way a prudent (Sennral al.
way, prelers to make a fortres. surrender, '
l.y culling .nf ill aupplles, In taking it by I
storm : as he la not only
not only anxious to spare
the lives of his own toldicr, but also
those of hie very enemies, as thn object nf
ii christian soldier Is eimqunt and not de
struction of the innocent ami helpless
And thus we will obey the command of
tiod and fulfil our duty to ourselves, and
do more to promote the happiness and pros,
perity of the country than If we killed
llirco fourths of the Indian population,
For llis Orsfon Mprctalar .
I'olk Couniv, iid May, IH49.
Ma, Kpitox: Sir Helng one nf the
fifteen young ladles lately "immortalized"
by a publication in your tuiper, I depend
upon your courtesy, lo make in behalf of
Ihn aforesaid "young ladies some cxpla.
nations which an apologist of our in a
lato numbor of tho Freo Press seem lo
I would wish tho gentloman signing
himself a "warrior" to know that tho arti
cle in the Spectator for whloh he ha been
so kind aa lo apologise, wa written by us
for more amusement, with no Intention of
ila becoming a subjeot fur nowspaper com.
ment, and If lha gentleman thinka an
apology necessary to excuse the boldnesi
of female In publishing their sentiments,
we beg to refer him to tho gentlemon In
to whose hand our little roone, has
fallen, and aalhny have taken the respon.
slblllty to give you tho paper for publica
tion, we foel sallsfied they will takn much
pleasure in acknowledging the favor the
."Warrior" h"a done them In defending
i-thelr fault. - j
If the gentleman, nur apologist, think
we merit tlio epithets an i comparison lie
tin used towaril us, br cause our twnll.
inenti urn favorable In IIiom brave, ami
hlvalmua spirits, who have abandoned the
runiforla of liomii and society, tli" puraiill
of pleasure awl of (tin, and excised llicm
aalvea to the atorma 'if winter and the
dangers of war, in the defence of their
fount ry and their country 'a rights, we
must nur bear his reproaches, aa wit am
not penitent for the fault.
Hut at the "Warrior" haaoome forward
In nur defence, the value of whlrh Is en
hanced by belli),' voluntary, wn sincerely
with for thn kludiiea Intended, that when
hn wlthea to leave Ida bachelorship, ho
may meet a apirll congenial In kit men.
I would also take thia opiortunlty of
presenting our thanks to the editor of tlio
Free Press fur bit kindly miking room in
his paper at thn exienae, wrhais, o( moru
valuable mailer, for the very able apology
thn warrior has vourbsafed to make for
t'w Hi' Oregon H-cUio.
Ma. Kiiito Sir, according to your
request, I communicate a brief descrlp.
lion nf thai portion of the Territory lying
between the Columbia rlier, and Piigrl
' mmiiiH, ami the country immciiaieiy
joining. The Co lil: settlement is in a
prune district, situate on thoCowlitxriter,
about thirty miles, by way nf the river,
from lis mouth. 1 h
sfttlement Is small
as yet, and iimssl principally nr l.ana
Hans, wliourelexcellint Hiins. and fur
industry, not surpassed by any citizens of
' The fill in the neighborhood "fMiu Cow.
Mil. ,.. ! .iklrniiiilL' riiM, Mtnl fjii ir..l
,.. ...v., . . .. . ..fc.., .... i.v..
iih limber up to the scttloineul. In pas. I
nit; up the Uowliic river, twenty miles .
from ila mouth, slmmr siens of lead and
iron ore appear, which continue a ynu
pniv d up the river. Hlunccual i" ound
here in great abundance, and f' ..i tlio u
anal indicationa, and the '..monof uiteli
cent men who have ! on conversant with
. . . i rt
run 0irricts,-,t t- apposed mat ibom wait
.clta Hero III unuancr, anu an rxrn.
cila hero in umonfr, and of an rictl -
'"' I'" ' r.ier i. now i.avigale.1
ea' , Iroin lis mouili io uie seine.
mint, anil it is aid by more experienced
wuteriueii llisii injM'lf, thai it may U-nuv-igatod
by ill ninlats for the aiiieditunce,
six or eight luontbs in llm )iur. Tim dis.
tauce from tlm setlb ment lo the Coluiiibia
riicr, is estiiunted at tscnly miles, over
which a wngoii ro.ul itpr.iilic.ihle. The
M-lllcimiit has n saw und llouriug null.
To the liust of the tetllemiiil, and iilao to
llm West, in the direction of the mouth nf
the Columbia river, the country is diter
allied with tiiulHtr uml pruiric thn pluina
are small but U-uulifiil, and tho soil ex
cellent. Ten miles Noilb from the nettle,
ment the toad leading to i'uget Hound
reaches the, waters of tlm Chehalis, and
five miles alill farther, reaches the main
' '"' " mrtiier, rc.c.ie. ,.,o main
river mu.iar, mo aou ia aimiiur io me
" " iiiwiwiii,aim iiu.iiiiijri,o.
iih ntly interK.ricil w illi iKiautitut plains.
Down the I'lichulis, iikiii aaid road, for lif.
Incn miles, tho dmiuctcr of the country
and mil are admirably adapted to ngricul-
'lure, and graxing purpos-a; at llm expira
tiou nf this distance, tlm plains expand,
and the soil ia conined of sand and gruv.
el intermixed with clay. The Chehalis
ritcr is about Kill miles lougt (iray'a llur-
bor Is w itbin its moulh, its banks are smooth
and Uautlful, and altogether, it ia m e of
the most salo and cosy streams in Oregon
tor na igallon
I,. ..;,,,, from riiolmli. ""," J"l "nil licr IIUaDiiuil novo uono ny persuasion, U) .IIUI1.K lis
In passing rruiH1UiehBliaam 0.j , cluwrfulU- .....! .nl.v.i,ueliin results. This was relit a
to I'uget Souiid, fifteen miles; tho soil for
Ihn first ten miie is coniwedof sand and
gravel, and ihu last five miles nf sand and
black loam. There is a small American
settlement at thuhcad of tho Sound, which
also has a saw and flouring mill. Tho
settlement is called New Market, and I
have aeon at good vegetablesgrowlng there
aa I ever saw on the coptlnent of Auieri
ca. Probably, tho prairie land in tho vi
cinity of the Sound la nowhere excelled,
in those qualities; which are peculiarly
adapted lo thn great growth, and rare per
feet Ion of vegetable. Tho growing crops
of wheat ihore, look well. Ten miles
from New Market, la another small Amer
ican settlement, on the Nlaqitally bottom,
formed In 1847 ; the soil here ia equal to
tho soil fii tho Cowlitz settlement, and
three miles beyond it ia Port Nlsqually,
Tho distance from Now Market lo Fori
Nlsqually, by Water. I about thirty miles,
lite soil about Nlaqitally I a JrVavel, but
gravelly aa lUU, I bsyo seen It produce
no uushtaorwneal.totbeacre,nndof aa
good a quality a any inlhc Territory.
Oregon City, (Oregon Territory,) May J8, 1848, r
r- .. . rSiJaLm il.uJLu I J.'.
The limbered land in the vicinity of the
Sound, la strongly Impregnated with clay,
and the timber la very fine. North from
I the Fort there la much land of an excel
lent finality ; to the I'.at towanls thn
mountain Islhe in'isl beautiful landscae I
have aeeti In the Territory, and near the
mountain the soil Is principally clay, and
produces camas plentifully. The soil of
Whitby's Island, laying oft" the mouth of
the Hnohoinas river Is very good, and this
island will allunl a fine acltlcineut. There
aire several other amaller Island In the
Hound possessing toil of excellent quality.
Water privileges for mechanical purposes,
In tlio vicinity of the Sound, are as good
oi can Ixt found In the world. I'uget
Sound is a beautiful alieet of water, more
than one hundred mile in cnglh, which,
- ii.iiii.irii.mija hum nmiiMin, win
admit of tlio settlement if one thousand
families, on a section each, Vod each bav.
Ikllli fl nl.L.. I..II. .J.l L..1.u ...111
iug ship navigation at their on door.
J. It. JACKSON.
Memlxri of Ike
Tnx,.x,. XnriMfik. ii., r 4....
To Tilt Voraaa or OaWTHaiToav.
!.......-.....-. i ,r..i . ii
oi our History aa the inhabitants or Ore.
gon, i. at hand, one, which should anni.
mate every heart wJth deep and thrilling
minresi ; aim one, in winch Hie
welfare of our ritinir coinmumiv
and one, in which the general
ly Involved. It is lliouiiht to bo an obitct
!' K" imrtance by the Washingtoni-
I ', aiiu IIIV- .IICIHJS Ul icmiH-rKiivu iii
!....i ,i.., ,i .., : ...
measure now under consideration : the
prohibition nf nrJtnt tptntt in Oregon
a question proposed lor the voice of tho
people to decide should be fairly, candid
rorc the pub!
to act unijcr-
y, aim generally, uruuuiii ucioi
lie, that we may be prepared to
standingly, unitedly, and
tlur first anil
and principal object ia to gain a
ml aaliafactory expression of public
ntimcnl, whether we, aa sons of liberty.
will be free men indeed, or slaves to tlio
destroying power of intoxicating drinks.
Whether we, as a people, prefer to relaiu
tint word 'Ktgulaic' in that section of our
Organic Law relating to the subject under
I conalduration. thereby olvlnir oaiMiral U
... ,. .,..'' .".:.7."
1 ....i Mj. 0r arjnl -niril. ihrou-imu, ollr
i ., i .. r mr, , . ,. ,i,,.l.... ...
ir-nl colony ; or whether wo prefer to
w.. - . r.. , --. .... ... ....... .(WUK..WM WMi
iio uie aura nrajuiiuc nncaeu oui,
and the word "Prokihit" inserted. The
question it : shall we, by an act of our
oHnree sullrage, confer upon our Legis
lator body soon to bo circled, the power
to yroktbit the introduction, manufacture,
and sain of ardent apirits. In Oregon, ex
cept mi far aa may bo necessary for Sacra
mental, medical, and chemical purjsc.
W ask vou in all candor, as an uiliclit-
cued pi-ople, urti )ou willing by your suf. I
frug'-s, to draw down uihjii yuurschis and lUforc tkc Vajkingtonian temperance So. 'he liberty of tho Ttcti, and not he liber
rntail um your islcnty in this country, I CKly,on7dondaf evening MayS, M48. i fief IA:, DJ cannot bo enjoy ed by men
the same gniwing evil ami blighting curse, I "Lawks and Iibntwkx : I stand here '" society, without bursting asunder every
which lor yours swept like a destrovinir
pestilence owr our nalie land, blighting isume tliat all of you belong to1 this Tern
tho fond 'hope of fathers ; clouding thelperance association. 1 am aware, that
mother's brow with sorrow, and mantling when a stranger addresses an intelligent
the aimer's cheek with the burning blush audience, ail hourst inquiry passe arKog
aiiamo, svi'rniiieso your iicsli'iis, cit-
izens of Oregon, aa vnll b.A sour untivn
, wpro 10-MS.,t070f ,
wivM lnj J.h,,,,, w,,lch t.le,1w ,lom
onwsru over their long Iransmouulaiu
rouie io uregonf l'er -ti, forever, the
thought. Nay, fellow-cilizciis, we trust
that these were not your dcsiims. or their
eXectalioii. New a bad gone from these
far western shores to ouruallvo laud, that
ardent spirit had no place in Oregon :
that her citizens, by mutual consent, at it
were, withumt tuico prohibited the iiianu-
lacturo and sale of iutoxiuatini! drinks:
that any ono found In tho use of it as a
boveragn wasmurked a a nuisance in so. I
ciety. Like a kbooiiiiu meteor, the olml
news quickly passed through our Western I
f ""'' unJ Tfrrilories. Many a mother s
bravo tho danuora and hanlahlna nf . Inner ,
jounioy ior una tanuoi quiet, where hope
whispered to her that rum would not
i - . i . .. ...r-....
vado her dwcllinir. And Father.'." vou
who started with your families under iheso
circumstances; you who ro pledged by
the most sacred tics, to atrivo to make
your companions and families happy; will
you withhold your voles to debar from
your dwelling and your country, that
which, (if you should bo so unfortunate as
in urina.i would perhaps lorcver blast
that lov'd companion' liopeaf Already
tho influence or Intoxicating drinks is fell,
deeply felt, tn some portions of our terri
tory. Although it career in thla country
has been abort, yet with tho serpent s
charm It ha caught ita victim. Liko
the plaguo spot, It mark ita victim for
the Inspection of cvory one wllb whom
he may chance to meet. How many do
we see walking the street of our town,
where rum may bo obtained, who, when
they arrived In thlcountry,werooateemcd
retpectable cllixent. Ilut now, where do
they aland T we need no aeo thorn drink
Ihepolsqnous draught to know their char
aoter. The faltoring step tho trembling
frame the blood-shot eye the flushed
cheek altogether too plainly tell, thai
cheek altogether too plainly tell, thai
they too frequently villi the dram-shop.
Would It be taking away rherr tlbert io
rettoro them to society! By prohibiting
the sale or manufacture of rum wo may
do it effectually. Would it be Infringing
upon the rlghlr ?f tho rum-seller to pro.
dibit his administering a poisonous draught
to I !a fellow man T Would It be taking
away lilt liberty to prevent Mm from
plunging a dagger to the heart of hli fe.
low? It lias been decided by the ablest
statesman In our native land, that a pro
hibition of tho traffic In 'anient spirits It
not against the Constitution by which we,
at an Independent nation arc governed,
and thla same measure, at wo understand
it, baa become a law In somo portonnf
our union, wur ijcgisiauve uouy tn Ita
last session, declined acting upon this
important question, or of taking the re,
possibility of Inserting tho word 'prohibit"
wil-wh ino voice oi mo people, whose
volce according to the letter of thn law,
'Is necessary. (jflfxens of Orrfmnt !-
I .t ... .. .. (? .
mem mat voice, quick and loud, and let
( Its peace-speaking tone sound from one
'lromo of our land to tho other, the per-
I P"""' "i.row, ana ucain-icneii to all
. that ran Inlnvlratn l.f , mw ...al...
I,i,,.: .t,ii -. ....i t..i.
ncous effon, and not only show that pub.
lie sentiment la against the Introduction,
manufacture, and site, of ardent splrilt;
let ua aelect men, true, pledged, and
tried, in the temperance cause, and elect
I tlaatn I lit AMaus al laaalail tn All una f -.(.I...
' " , ,. 1 ' '., ""','" B'"'"
"VP " "'" who wi" honestly carrj
01'" ";" "" "' ,,ho .PTPP-I0. who "'
"'"'n lucre, to maKe law. roMbe peaceful
iiiisni roiony. I litis
doing, we may restoro health and prosper-1
ity to our beautiful land, and mark this'
year's page in Uio hlatory of Oregon by I
an act which will be read and remembered .
ith emotions of gratitude long after the
measure nf our day shall be filled. We
cheerfully extend a general imitation
to all the friend nftempcranco in any and
w.'y P"ion f iMriterjr, rrqueat
'i'"' r ce-Pflw wlt ui In gathering
i Rct,,'1'. oflcn practicable, in pul
meetings between this and tho comlotr
clectlid, that the people may be prepared
io voio unacrstanaingi) , mat our next le
gislature may have the fact before them,
that we aa a people desire not the aid of
ardent spirits as a beverage, to make us
happy, healthy, and wise. Let us remem
ber the declaration of tho word of our
Maker, that, "no drunkard shall Inherit
the kingdomxof heaven," and let ua re.
member aa we go to tho ballot-box, that
Skn t.BV t.W thlm BA M..H. ah. .e .... el
, ,, .
-' ' -J "J ""'. ,.C.UB V m cl,r "'
. y, 7 -- - "-' --
from a course which would cren of itself:
alone, debar him from Heaven. Let ui
by having "proktlil" on our ticket as we
goto the ballot. box to vote, prme that we
are the lover of the peace and prosperity
of our country, and worthy citizens of
Oregon. J. It. ROBB, V. Pres.
Lkwia. TmiMrsny, Sec. pro tcm.
Br llast. C. Luraiier.
i a tlranirer to moat of vou.- 1 tliall dii
llicm, whclner tho speakc
what he icnresenta. and whether bo has
adopted, and is actuated by the princi-
pies no uilocates. lo set this mailer at
real, and in answer to l he supposed query,
I now here stale, that I, for a lonir lime.
have been and am now, a member of a
tempcranco society. I hope my heart is
right upon that question.
ccivc by the minutes of your
last meeting, which were just read lo yoil
by your secretary, mat too orueroi ope
rations of the society is somewhat chain:
cd. Heretofore your labor havo been
exerted lo induce signatures to the tempe
ranee pledge, lo causo persons for their
own take, lor tho sood of their families.
and for the benefit of society to abstain
from the ttw of anient spirits. This you
Ix-nuvnleiit. a nraiscnorthv act : but vdu
are now attempting
in-.ard, to occupy hlgln
In elevate the stand-
licr and more exalted
ground, to use force to demolish tho strong
castle, and to drive tho beast from the
land, and forever guard tho border of your
fair inheritance again! his turtner en
croachment!. Havo you a right to do
this t can you pass tho confines of moral
suasion f Daro you by one forclblo blow
smite the monster down in hi track, and
thus purify the land f W hero do you ob
tain the noM or to dictate to me what I shall
eal. or what I (hall drink i Look well to
thia subject, count well the costs, ere you
use the sacred ballot-box a an engine ol
tyranny. If ihe voter of the land on
dorse upon their volca tho word "prokUit,"
and thereby a largo majority of IU inhab
itant array themselves against tho 'minor
ity, upon thi of all eubicct the most
onsativei and prohibitory laws, with hea
vy peualtlea be euacted in conformity
with the will of Ibo majority, judicial and
ministerial officers will be called upon to
enforce a strict compliance with ila provla.
Ions: can we expect that the minority will
stoop In humblo submission, that ihey can
bo coerced by the machinery of Judicial
proceeding, to honor and obey such a law
PI.a .nl.U.I t nf val an.lvtlat Imiw..
Tho subject I of vat and vital impor.
ble 'prlriolol. 'tho
rlohta of human belnct. Let' u
become rational creature fa 'far aa In
nur power.) examine thla matter. .lt tn
I .. i A' B l .J ..
ay prejudice ior or again tne uso or II-
quor aside, nd honest men ami women,
ty the intercliangeor Mntimcnt, by sound
reason, by a close inspection oflheconttl.
tutlonal fights of man, settle down upon
imn ana jatttoe, and there determine oar
proper course of action our duty toour
strives, our children, to. the cltlxen, to pot.
What are a man'a rights! We art)
happily not left In th dark upon thla sub.
ject. They have long abico been deter,
mined o have alto his dutle. Thvarw
found in the Common , and form the
Bclwaxx of Civil Ltnirr. I will'ai.
temjpt lo .tpeat them ao far aa they relate
to tbVsuJijeet under consideration. Thaae
ngni regard man in Ira cowuuou ia lite.
They relate to him aa ilandimr alone uncoa.
netted with any other human being-; and
Ihey aim at-ply to him a a citizen attach-
tea nn mtn tn an me relation of clvill
..-..... w. ... . . . ..
xed society. .-
When a man stands alone, by himself,
he ia denominated a natural ptrton, and bia
ngni arc then called cbtoMt. When
connected with totitlj his right are call,
cd rthtirt. The abntute rtgku of man,
considered. a free agent, endowed with
discemmem to know good from evil, and
tin power or cnoosins thoae measure
which appearto him to be most desirable,
are usually summed up In one general ap
" of mankind.
Thl lamnl liL.. ,..,. r... ...i
in a power of actW a ono thinka Jlr.
without any restraint or control, uulcarty
tho law of nature, being a right inherent
in us by birUi, and one of tho M, of God
to man at Ida creation, when Iio endowed
him with I bo faculty of free will. But
every man, when he enter into society
gtret up a part of hi natural liberty, a
the, prlco or ao rafnatle a purckatc, and in
consideration of receivins the advantage
of CTiiWcowwereeand protection, oblige
nimacii io conform to loose law which the
conaiiou'ljr has thought proper to utabHk.
And this specie of legal obedience and
conformity, is Infinitely mora desirable
than that wild and aavase liberty which la
sacrificed to obtain It j for no man that
considers a moment, would wiah to retain
the absolute and uncontrolled power of
uouig wnaievcr ne pieasce; toe cooee
quenco of which it, that every other man
would also have the same power, and then
inerc wouta do no security to individual,
in any of the enjoyment of life. Hence
then, wc may conclude, that the law which
rtttraint a man from doing mischief to his
fellow citizen, though it diminhkti the
natural liberty, yet ft mertattt the cMt
lorrly of mantiivt ; for tbo ftttry or do.
ingc cry thins which a man'a passions
urge nun to attempt, or his urengln cna.
"let him to etTcct, Is tat a ge ferocity , It is
iigamem oi rxxxDOM.
1 Having now brought the subject down
to man in a state of society, let u for a few
minute regard some of hi relative right.
We will suppose him to have sacrificed,
and given up as much of his absolute rjehts
a the good of society require. He be.
come at once clO.hcd with the ngUiof
icvrrrxmrnr: navmg maae a aurrenaer on
"' port, lie demand protection from the
I tuprcme potcer, and here In Oregon that
fprcmt vovtr it retted in the norm,
tlio uovernnr ia nothing but a servant,
and so of every otlicor in all tlio depart
ment of state. In other word, there arc
two classes, ono tho officer or governor,
the other the Governed. The ono to in
act nil w holcsome laws forlbe protection of I
every material interest, and Rr trio sup
pression of every evil, wnig, and mi,
chief; and tho other to obey and enjoy
those wholesome and salutary laws. Who
can rise up and say, that when the people
(In whom ret It the lupreme taiwer) have
discovered an Inlnngcmcntol their rights;
a wrong committed against their, interest,
their peace, or their industry, Ihey have
not tho power to avengo themselvc by
wholesome lawa f Nay, is It not their du
ty at once lo do it t And If the officers of J
tho Kovernment shall remain deaf to tho
demand, the people should indignantly
hurl thorn from tho seats of their agoncy.
Nay further the chord of government
should bo drawn ao closely in' harmony,
that tho meat humhlo citizen can Instantly
bo heard, and Ida wrongs speedily redress,
ed. There pertains to the citizen, other
relative rights. The rights of husband and
wife, parent and child, guardian and ward,
and, auch corporate powers as Irom time
to lime aro granted. The husband, fath
er, and guardian stand forth upon tho title
page of society, surrounded by tho youth
of the land, who in a few year must
tako the burthen of government upon their
own shoulders. Have the fifing-genera,
lion claim uponlheir government Y Pare
a government, tbo tuprems'votter. the tin.
.rut, blast, and ruin the prospects, of tho
ruing gemrauonr .Are tne sons and
daughter of Oregon to be neglected! It
is tne duty, tlio solemn, Imperative duty I
wi iiv cuiiiiiiciieu guveroaneBH, IO BIC
the ritinir sensration forward to virtue. In
telllgence, Industry, and sound nsqralUr.
uanouia rise ttxc m gtsnt MlMirrJenw.
pie, wWchcaa directly,
I " r " I ..-.'- -.lw-w, L,"'"IJ.
tho pcaoe, nr Waat the
fm.o, h vlniMOftoraatMaa! WaMaWat,'
Every clticen ahottld riai. lathe tSwrnm
of hi might, giving fcree,ower, MJ
MurkgerrHmt, to the effort of the 'ae.aatW'
ment. In wielni from the faeir of the
Territory, every cause of Mblie rtvMsbf
itry caaee of poMie dagradailst).' " " '
. We are apt to place I king at mnmJUmWj
and shrink from Ihe rrlbrmance "of tmi
ilea; cast blame upon other,' and iastsad
of sprinting into the gap, aif there st
vlng and combatting growjag 'svH, War ;
llstft ly fold our arms, and thro Mr
H giving cnencc, or or lostag i
popularity, remain silent; m fbrf
fectionately shako lb baail hsj
Ihe cofTdoii--tbe asp of 'our dastri
Pellow. Citizens, look at lUaaVi
are, and then as they ssnuM of rigts) .r,'.
Let the nrinclnlea which bare betas haasU
ly thrown, out in this adMresa, if lake, amf
deep into your memories: foatmYtumm
them, and if they be found correct, the,
leach litem lo your children. I believe,
i hem to. be true. I would ibaak any saaa
to show me that they are rsJse. I assart
make an application of these riehla itnW
sequel of my remark, 7 wlA (sVsMn
Ibis pan of the subject, which leash is
directly lo the coniemplatiosi of the fiiat,'
at issue, uewre tne pcoate. is tae hhm
facture, sale, and caxasuniptlosi of ardent
spirit a public evill Is it such an evH.aar
call for legislative t red res f and bsfM
intoxicating liquors to be barred forererr
from our coaatf Before enterioBuaea'tk
subjects of this part of my inquiry, per
mil mo lo say, that in mr further rawrk
I wish to avoid discussing the awful coav
sequence which, result, to the soulL of aav
expiring drunkard them is aamsga) ssf,
mo this side or tne ititcat aarBBess at we
verm of hi crave! The raatlsabsnts of
this and 'every other aacred tkafc Jai tU
Territory, have been, are aw,Md.rBr
always be, wiiiisg, In the Mr of tavir .
Master, to snow thai u wkeraMe ka nw
Heavens above, and oa the earth ksjsssstsv
has appointed a aUee.Waainfa'will he
examine whether Ilia BMiahsjaf;jJtv
and coosumptioa of ardent ssdHs tea-
a waste of yourtlsse, asiA'a tw taM
your paUeaos, to aueasa; .syMMiaasst;
to prove a self evident BfoyssftlM. It.
would be like Ibe attempt to prove to yen,
by a specie of mclaphyeleal waaaMng,.
thai this City is constructed la a denraa.
ion of the earth' surface, or that then .
aro mountains and valley's ia Oregea ;
nay, that tbe water tumbles over the fall,
and, from natural law, seeks a ecsBason
level : and yet, the principles of tbe bs?.
luto and relative rights of man must be ,
here borne in mind ; and, as -wa with to
bring the square and plumb line of tlio
rights of society upon thia evil, It must
need be that the evil oomplaiaed of be
brought up in some form bessre ihe ;o
of our minds. The ekkf Ctrmtr Smmr
under he great dome oj Moral Cmi$,min
this inscription upon every angle' of ,a
square, "No tieiliied nmUm, tvasfsW nftimr,
creitittn Oxrtof, iantoavgU, mamtik
nucettof ighien, umnng mi mtnmwmm.
Ihe Goi of Nature, cannot a' Uhmiij a
sought." There are natural lavra.wWefi
bear u triumphantly along, or emit eu'r
pathway at every step, as,we tr),sl
or agaimt tbtlr principles and ikeyM
never relaxed", or suspesleV 'effeft
through the miraculous tateraoattsMWfw
Great Architect Himself. WeareHlttSaV
ants;4 He is our common laaalasd,' min
we bold Ihe tenure of our raeseaslMa fg .
sulTeranee; nay, we are bare feneatset
will. Shall vretske the allmeotal. Mttr-
(thing, nutrallvo ffod of tbe earth, aad by
a species of XlistlUatton ooavart kiarfnsi
deadly poisonfMShall we go fvrtk, ad
circulate this among all the oIbssbbj
nappy population 7 If we do, bavewe'net -.
transgressed a natural law! e ws-Mt
by this reduce tho measure of but,
animal oomfortf Docs not the evil
upon us and produce barrenness'i
laud, spoliation of mechanise!
and dilanldatloa of human ' - '- 1"
enclosures T Doe it not beaueabHa) Ykh!
telleotual and moral ficaillleer umm'mmi:?-
exasperate Ihe animal passions! aasj-'asal ??
undermine the virtue and modesty or i '
risinn generation ! beset national UUtiaaa I ti:
a " ' ,. SI """ ""
tandi where and upon wtstt'ittMlBBBvJ'
.. .... r : m . " twTw "f'f
j..- --... it' . . ...s, ..: "
oBin me ngsa to sje-lMS
thlnsT - -'- - -' --'----s---
Nay. thev are imaoieBt. as s iila i Mai Jg
jts uaon whom to net. On hit tVtal
nuiua me naTMS ne neauirea ustBaasssai ,
Ith all others cceMrefUed-Wassaiaar
wreyr snwtiie sum ro sj nr waavv
-!-...' t.i i.,..'.i. ... siV. TiiZT'i
seen rrow Use Mfcililn already laat
to whlch m rr, hM MITaM
t "V1" v JW,,fLMsF
ine ngmr will aa
" ' aasa
oxnaust tlio national treasury! produee '
ptematuro deny and death I atsi saws) t;
sorrow and deen mournlnsr all awawtkae..,'
.vl Ml .i!-tfeffii