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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View This Issue
EVRY FRIDAY NEORNIKG
W. B. CARTER,
Editor and Propriktob.
orbii U i
t bree Mouiha,
CORVALLIS, OREGON, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1880.
BATHS Of ADVERTISING.
I 1 W 1 M 3 M. 6 M. TYsT.
1 jneg i i W I 3 (JO S U) 8 00 18 (W
2 " I 2 00 5 00 7 00 12 00 I 18 00
3 " I 3 00J 6 00 I 10 ft) I 16 00 j 22 0
4 " 4 00 J 7 00 13 00 I 18 00 20 00
M Col. 6 (0 J 9 00J15 00 20 00 I 85 00
la 7 Q 12 00 18 0 I 35 00 48 00
l4 1(1 ( 0 J15 0 1 25 l0 40 00 60 00
1 " 15 00 0 CO MO 00 60 01 H0O
m. e. WOODCCCK,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
OFFICE ON FIRST 8 TREET, OPP. WOOD
COCK BALDWIN'S Hardware store
Special attention given to Collections, Fore
closure of Mortgages, Real Estate cases, Probata
and Road matters.
Will also t uy and sell City Property and Farm
Lands, on reasonable terms.
March 20,1879. 16-I2yl
F. A. CHENOWETH.
F. M. JOHNSON.
CHENOWETH & JOHNSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
COK.DA1.UN .... OHAUON
September 4, 1879. 16:36tf
J. W. RAYBUR ,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
(OHViLUH, i OKKitu,
OFFICE On Monroe street, between Second and
Alulii at., CJo val la, (nvyon.
SOL. KING, - Porpr.
SrSpecial attention given to the Collection
of Notes and Accounts. 16-ltf
JAMES A. YANTIS,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
OH VAL! IK. . . OBKOU9.
tyiLL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS
of the State. Spei ial attention given to
liiatters in Probate. Collections will receive
t-oinpt and careful attention. Office iu the Court
DR. F. A. ViNCENT,
COUVALLIH - REOON.
rkFt'ICE IN FISHER'S BRICK OVER
Max. Friendley's New Store. All the atest
improvement-. Everyth ng new and complete.
All work warranted. Plea-e give me a coll.
C. R. FARRA, M. O.
PHYSICIAN AND MRGE03,
kWNING BOTH BARNS I AM PREPARED
to oiler superior accommodations in the Liv
ery line. Always ready for a drive,
At Low KntoH.
My stables are first-class in every respect, and
competent and obliging hostlers always
ready to serve the public.
REASONABLE CHAKUKs FOR HIKE.
Particular attentlua Pal4 to Boarding
ELEGANT HEARSE, CARRIAGES AND
HACKS FOR FUNERALS
Corvallis, Jan. 3, 1879.
FFICE OVER GRAHAM A HAMILTON'S
Drug Store, Corvallis, Oregon. 1 1-2CU'
J. K. WEBBER.
Main St., Corvallis, Oregon,
FORCE AND LIFT PUMPS.
HOUSE FURNISHING HARDWARE,
Constantly on hand, the
NEW RICHMOND RANGE,
Best in Market. The
BONANZA COOK STOVE,
Something New. And the New
VECTA PARLOR STOVE.
Jan. 1,1880. - 17:1 tf
W. C. CRAWFORD,
JEWELRY, SPECTACLES, SILVER WARE,
v etc. Also,
MuBloal Instruments Ao
Re pairing done at the most -reasonable
rates, and all work warranted.
Corvallis, Dec. 13, 1S77. 14:50tf
GBAHAfl, HAMILTON & CO.,
COUVALLIH ... UKfSUON
CHEMICALS, DYE STIFFS,
PURE WfNES AND L QU 3BS
FOR MEDICINAL USE.
And also the the very best assortment of
Lamps and Wall Paper
ever brought to this place.
AGENTS FOR THE
ifrisiii ru a? in 4i D-i iit A
SUPERIOR TO ANY OTHER
Woodcock & Baldwin
(Successors to J. B Bayley & Co,)
TTEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND AT THE
old stand a large and complete stock of
Heavy and Mi elf Hard ware,
RANG - 8, ETC
Manufactured and Home Made
Tin and Copper Wnro,
Pumps. Pipe, JKt.
A good Tinnor constantly on Land, and all
Job Work neatly and quickly done.
Also agents for Knapp, Eurrell & Co.,
for the sale of the beet and latent im
proved FARM MACHI IV EHY.
of all kinds, tognftier with a full assort
ment of Agricultural Implements.
Sole Agents for the celebrated
ST. b MS CHAMtR 0K S 0VE8
the BEST IN THE WORLD. Also 'the
Norman Range, ami many other patterns,
in all sizes and styles.
6T" Particular attention paid to Farmers'
wants, and the supplying extras for Farm
Machinery, and all information as lo such
articles, furnished cheerfully, on applica
No pains will be spared to furnish our
customers with the best goods in market,
in our line, and at the lowest prices.
Our motto shall Le, prompt and fair
dealing with all. Call and examine our
stock, before going cleew lic-re. Satisfac
WOOKCOCK & BALDWIN.
Corvallis, May, 12, 1870. H:4lf
LANDS I FARMS I HOMES)
1IIAVE FARMS, (Improved and unim
proved,) STORES and MILL PROPERTY,
These lands are cheap.
Also claims in un surveyed tracts for sale.
Soldiers of the late rebellion who have, under
he Soldiers' Homestead Act, located and made
final proof on less than 160 acres, can dispose of
the balance to me.
Write (with stamps to prepay postage).
R. A. BENSELL,
Newport, Benton county, Oregon.
U.I.E'i & WOODWARD.
P. O. BUILDING. CORVALLIS, OREGON.
Have a complete stock of
ORl OS, MEDICINES, PAINTf, OIL,
GLASS, kT , ITS.
School Pooks - tat oneny, .to.
We bnv for Cash, and have choice fr the
FRESHEST and PUREST Drugs and Medic nes
the niarket affords.
ES Prescriptions accurately prepared at half
the usual rates. ZMay l t: i sit
Corvallis Lodge So 14, f . A A. M.
Holds stated Communications on Wednesday on
or preceding each full moon. Brethren in good
standing cordially invited to attend. By order
Burn inn Lodge Ho. 7, I. O. O. 1 .
Meets on Tuesday evening of each week, in
their hall, in Fisher's brick, second story . Mem
bers of the order in good standing invited to at
tend. By order of N. G.
J. R. BRYSOIM,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
All business will receive prompt
COLLECTIONS A SPECIALTY.
Corvallis, July 14, 187. 16:29tf
IT TZ. TT ARRIS,
One door South of Graham A Hamilton's,
( tntvAi i is, osuceew.
Corvallis, Jan. 3, 1878. l:lvl
DRAKE & GRANT,
XTE HAVE JUST RECEIVED A LARGE
and well selected stock of Cloth, viz :
"W-r of i- u-ln.tii Broad
lot lis, reneh asslmereg,
coicli Tweeds, and
a merlcan faulting:.
Which we will make up to order in the most
approved and lash ouable styles. No pains will
be s; areil in producing good fitting garments.
Parties wishing to purchase cloths and have
them cut out, will do well to call and examine
our stock. DRAKE & GRANT.
Corvallis, April 17, 1879. I6:16tt
Boarding: and Lodging-.
Philomath, Beutun Vo , Oregon.
"RESPECTFULLY INFORMS THE TRAV
eling public that he is now prepared and in
readiness to keep such boarders as may choose to
give him a call, either by the
SfNCUE MSAL. DAY. OR WEEK.
Is also prepared to fu'ii'sh horse feed. Liberal
share of public patronage solicited. Give us a
call. GEORGE KISOR.
Philomath, April 28, 1879. I0:18tf
AlBERT P YGALL. j WlLUAH IBWTN,
PYGALL & IRWIN,
City Trucks& Drays,
TTAV1NG PURCHASED THE DRAYS AND
r Trucks lately owufd by James Eglin, we
are prepared to do all kinds of
lty Htm 1 HIT- Heliverlnu of
Wood.. J. to.. Eic.,
in the city or country, at reasonable rates. Pat
ronage solicited, and satisfaction guaranteed in all
cases. ALBERT PYGALL,
Corvallis, Dec. 20, 1878. 15:51tf
J C. MORELAND,
ATTOU VK"V A.TC LAW,
PilKTUSIt, - OBKG09T.
OFFICEMonastes' Brick, First street,
between Morrison aud Yamhill. 14:38tf
THE 8TAH BAKERY,
nt Street, or val Us.
HENRY WARRIOR, PROPRIETOR.
Family Supply Store !
Always on Hand.
Corvallis, Jan. 1, 1877. 14;2tf
A WEEK in vour own town and no
capital risked. You can give the
business a trial without expense.
The best opportunity ever offered for
those willing to work. You should try nothing
else until yju see for yourself what you can do at
the business we oner. .No room to explain nere.
You can devote all your time or only your spare
time to the business, and make great pay for
every hour you work. Women make as much
as men. Send for special private terms and par
ticulars, which we mail free. $6 outfit free
Don't complain of hard times while you have
such a chance Address H. HALLETT A CO.,
Portland, Maine. 16:31yl
TO $6000 A YEAR, or $5 to $20 a day
in your own locality. No risk. Wo
men do as well as men. Many make
more than the amount stated above.
No one can fail to make money fast. Any one
can do the work. You can make from oOcts to
$2 an hour by devoting your evenings and spare
tune to the business, it costs notning to try tne
business Nothing like it for money makirf'g
ever offered before Business pleasant and strict
ly honorable Reader, if you want to knov all
about the best paying business before the 'public,
nd us your address ana we win send ou full
lars and private terms tree; satnsces worth
you can men niakBBur mind
f AddresiMH HNSON &
Eccentricities of Birds.
We are seldon discomposed by the
song of birds; all snch music, however,
is not composing. We are pleased with
the song of the whippoorwill, especially
if no more than two or three are heard at
the same time and axe far apart. This
measured music is pleasant, partly on
account of its formality, and yet for this
reason they lis our attention. A song is
not necessary to make the voice of a bird
pleasant. Take the chickadee his note
is agreeable, though not measured or con
tinued; the call note of this bird is very
animated, from which it gets its name.
Chickadee-dee-dee is always uttered at
regular intervals of two or three minutes
by each bird. This bird does not forage
in compact flocks, like sparrows and
other granivorous birds, whose food,
consisting of the seeds of grasses, is dis
tributed over almost every field. The
food of the chickadee being of insects and
their eggs and chrysalides, which are
lodged upon the wood and bark of trees,
is not abundant at any one place, and has
to be obtained by diligent search; they
are compelled, therofore, to scatter; like
the woodpeckers, because their food is
scattered. Woodpeckers are much less
noisy thrtn the chickadee; they have not
so many notes of greeting as the latter;
their hammering upon trees appears to
answer a similar purpose. Nature ap
pears to bestow on birds and animals
only just such an amount of language as
their wants, require.
The downy woodpecker is almost al
ways associated with the chickadee; he is
distinguished by his speckled plumage,
his scarlet crown, and his sudden and
rapid flight. This small bird appears,
as it were, a companion of the chicka
dee. In the season of winter, birds
of like habits have a general inclination
to associate, for mutual protection; they
seem to be cheered by hearing the voices
of others around them. The small wood
peckers, the creepers, and the chickadees
have a sort of affinity; they keep within
hearing of each other, from a social feel
ing, of which they have no less than the
A singular habit of the downy wood
pecker, and one with which all are famil
iar, is that which has gained him the
name of the "sapsucker." He bores lit
tle holes just through the bark of the
tree, usually an apple tree, not penetrat
ing into the wood. These holes form a
complete circle round the branch of the
tree, about half an inch apart. No the
ory has yet been advanced that satisfac
torily explains the object of tthe bird in
making these perforations. The theory
that they are made for the purpose of
sapsucking, is perhaps the mcst plausible
one. Admitting this theory, the cause of
their arrangement in a circle is still un
explained. Farmers were formerly dis
posed to consider these sapsuckers in
jurious to the health of the trees, but
-i i i i i
observations nave proved ineir narmiess
ness. The gregarious habits of certain spe
aies of birds, and the more solitary hab
its of others, are the necessary conse
quence of their different ways of feeding.
The insect feeders among land birds are
seldom associated in flocks; but they are
fond of company, and do not like to be
alone. The granivorous birds, on
the contrary, with few exceptions,
are gregarious. Such are the En
glish sparrow and bunting. Com
pare, in this respect, the common
robin and the red-winged blackbird. The
robin is exclusively insectivorous; the
fruit he consumes is not his substance,
and he swallows no kind of seed. The
redwing, on the contrary, is omniverous,
and is a great consumer of every -kind of
grain. Hence robins are never seen in
large or compact flocks. The cause of
this difference m their habits is that
robins, en account of the exclusive diet
of grubs and insects, are obliged to for
age singly; while blackbirds, who are
voracious of every eatable substance that
lies upon the ground, sometimes glean a
whole field by going in companies. All
seed eaters do not assemble in compact
flocks. The goldfinch, or thistle bird,
and nearly all the finches, are examples.
Goldfinches are choice and dainty in their
food; they peck the seeds directly from
the plants that bear them, and take off
the shells before they swallow the ker
nels. The goldfinch hunts for his cereal
food in the same way as the chicken
hunts for his grubs and insects. The
goldfinch is not an inveterate singer he
is seldom heard to finish a tune he does
not devote his entire time to song; nor is
he like the red thrush, sitting for half an
hour on the same branch singing without
easation. One peculiar habit of this
yellow bird (goldfinch) is that the male
bird, after building a nest, will peck it to
pieces and build another nest with the
same material in its vicinity. The first
nest is not occupied in any instance, and
the second one sometimes remains va
cant. It appears to be the received opinion
that the song of a bird is a disinterested
effort on the part of the male to comfort
his mate while sitting on her nest.
The song certainly produces the desired
effect, but this does not appear to be
the motive of the songster. It is, on the
contrary, an outpouring of his im
patience on account of her absence, and
an effort on his part to call some other
.female to join him. Though the male
bird often takes ins turn upon tne nest
during incubation, he is impatient while
thus employed, and spends only a small
part of his time in the discharge of his
duty, liven in procuring food for the
young birds he is not as diligent as his
mate; watch a pair of robins when they
have a brood of young to feed, and it
will be seen the female provides the
greater part of their food ; watch, also,
a mated pair in a flock of pigeons while
the female is employed in her maternal
s, her lonesome partner resumes
uu cooing mat was t
nhnnoinrr hi. m.lua -
OW8 when some unf-
to his call is v
the cackling of the hen always disturbs
the male bird ; the drumming of a pheas
ant excites the wrath of every male of
his own species, and frequently ends in
a flight. Birds, when captured, gen
erally utter similar cries, and courageous
animals make a louder noise when seized
than those of a timid species. The pig,
in its wild state, is very courageous;
when one of the herd is in danger, the
whole herd will run to its protection.
Sheep, on the contrary, when one of
their number is attacked, do not return
to protect it, but run away; the captured
one only moans, but makes no loud
Jean, our farmer, is worth at least
20,000 francs, or 800, no mean sum
for a workingman even in England,
yet his one desire is to increase his
store and he never dreams of pro
curing any winter comforts. His is
not at all a special case, although he
is (fying in a rapid consumption.
Two years ago the doctor told him
that he must give up exposing him
self to cold and damp or he would
soon die; yet he has not given up,
and as a consequence lie is dying. A
few days ago I heard that he was
very ill in bed, spitting blood, so I
paid him a visit, and found him very
bad indeed. His room was wet as
wet could be; it had no curtains, the
front door was wide open, the fire a
few hot coals of wood, which were
kept there to be blown into flame
when needed for cooking or farm
purposes. He had no medicine, no
special food, but was living like the
others on black rye bread and buck
wheat galettes or pancakes. I told
him how ill I thought him in the
presence of his wife, and in the night
ho alarmed her by vomiting blood,
so that she came to me in the morn
ing crying, and asking what she
ought to do for him.
I told her to get him warmth, meat,
soup and other comforts, and she
went just as far as this: she bought
two pounds' weight of white bread.
When this white bread came home,
her mother (Jean's mother-in-law),
who lives with them, went into a
passion and sulked all day long, as
she declared that it was wild extrav
agance. You must know that for
days I had sent him soup, meat and
pastry from my own table, partly
because I could not bear to see the
man dying before my eyes from
sheer want, for he could not eat the
ordinary coarse food, and took noth
ing at all. They received all my
gifts almost without thanks, and
never stirred hand or foot to get any
thing for themselves until the day
when Yvonne bought the white
bread. Well, on that day when her
mother was raging, she came crying
into the kitchen, and told my bonne
how she was tried. The bonne told
me at once, and protested that I
ought not to keep on sending food to
a rich man, who was a miser and sur
rounded by two miserly women,
while real poor might be stretching
out their hands for help. I replied
that I had never refused to help tny
real poor yet, and that I intended to
continue my help to Jean, notwith
standing his miserly behavior, as I
could not see a man die of want
while had enough. But I told her
to scold Yvonne well, and to tell her
that she ought to do berduty by her
husband, and if necessary turn her
mother out of the house, especially
as she was a rich woman and well
able to keep a homo of her own.
Now mark Yvonne's reply: "Ah, I
can't do that, because my husband
may soon die, and then I shall want
my mother's help." Mark, I say,
this reply its utter selfishness, and
say is there any real depth, any real
worth in such characters as these ?
I think not.
The weather changed, and Jean
has for a little moment got better,
but he cannot live many months;
already he has been out in the rain,
-and in a few days will be in bod voir.,
iting blood again. When very bad
indeed, his wife besought me, as I
was going to the doctor ten miles
away myself, to ask for some remedy
to stop the blood spitting of Jean. I
did so, and explained also the condi
tion of the house and family. The
doctor, who is a very clever fellow,
told me that he knew them all well,
and that there would be a very evil
day for Yvonno soon. I said, "Will
the man die very soon ? " "Yes!"
said he, " but that is not the evil day
I mean; there will be a far more un
happy day for her when she comes to
me after he is buried to to pay my
bill." The Cornhill.
MT Pfrtla a P . erlptton
ails teatual. l
mme Mna that was
fm sm etui is vsar t
M rcfore, haJflN
Exhausting thk Soil. There are no
soils, however rich, that with continuous
cropping -wiJJL not in time wear out.
With some soiIs- it is true, great liber
ties may be1aken in the cultivation of
crops without regard to a judicious ro
tation, ahcl even growing the same crop
several years years in succession on
them; but this cannot be kept up con
tinuaily. A day will surelj- .come when
the richest soil under such treatment
will be despoiled3" of its fertility and fail
to respond to the drafts made upon it.
It is the inexorable penalty that follows
an abused law of nature, it is a lesson
which science lone since taught, but
as to bo learned by dear bought
n and again as one gener
Joaquin Miller thinks of becoming a
The middle-aged person is liable to run
There are nine women in the London
Wilkie Collins says he has earned
$150,000 with his pen.
Feelings cannot be relied upon as
judges of right and wrong.
George MaoDonald", the novelist, will
not visit America till 1881.
Twin clowns should have their salaries
paid in double-loons.
Congressman Hawley, of Connecticut,
was born in North Carolina.
The present Governor of Colorado was
once a respectable carpenter.
Ex-Secretary Robeson's Boston resi
dence has been sold for $30,000.
A little slang now and then is rel
ished by the most high-toned men.
Algernon Sartoris, husband of Nellie 1
Oram, is again in this country.
Col. Grant, the explorer and com
panion of Speke, is seriously ill of
When a man is out of money any
change that may come to him is for the
The the habitual drinker feels a de
pression of spirits when his demijohn
The man who has mutton-chop
whiskers should not complain of hair in
Senator Bruce is the youngest mem
ber of the United States Senate, thirty
nine. The worst old toper in the world wOuld
be glad to draw a sober breath, if he
Mr. Gladstone shows his age, and has
little wisps of dry gray hair falling before
Louisa M. Alcott, the actress, has sent
100 books to the newsboys' reading-room
It will take $3,000,000 to take the cen
sus, and then the people will not know
what to do with it.
Mr. Gorman, who is to be Senator
from Maryland, u sed to be a good catcher
in a base ball club.
The material for making yeast is rising
so much in the market that brewers must
lift up the price of beer.
The man who runs a push-cart, shout
ing fish for sale, is an orator who carries
everything before him.
Nature can not stand everything. If a
young man will wear a fur cap he must
make up his mind to loose his hair.
The wants long felt in Paris have all
been supplied. That city supports
forty-nine daily political newspapers.
The Eev. Anna Oliver, who bought out
a Brooklyn church, is making it sue
cesslul, and will soon have it paid
The crookedness of the ministers to
China makes it appear that our consuls
have more regard for the chromos than
Edison is very absent-minded. The
other day he left his little daughter in
the cars, going off in complete forgetful
ness of her.
George W. Williams, the first colored
man elected to the General Assembly of
Ohio, was formerly a resident of New
There is no safety in starving out poor
washerwoman. The celluloid cuffs and
collars are liable to ignite and explode at
Gov. Cornell signes the first message
with a gold pen made from Egyptian
coins 4000 years old, which has Lately
The age of Abraham Johnson, who
lives near Scranton, Pa., is 108 years.
His health is good, and his memory remarkable.
Mrs. Nancy Smith, admitted to the bar
at Keokuk, was banqueted by her
brethren in the law. Feed at the very
One of the sons of the late Charles
Dickens, Frances J. Dickens, is an in
spector in the Canadian Northwest
The worst case of "stage fright" is that
of the man who thinks that he has passed
up a $2 50 gold piece instead of a dime
to the driver.
Carlos Lopez, of Columbus, Ga., aged
eighty years, has just had a letter from
his father in Spain, aged 115. The old
man was well.
A Chicago man's nightmare- turned
out to be the shadow of his wife's foot on
the bedroom wall, instead of an unearthly
monster with five horns.
The eldest son of the Crown Prince of
Germany has a delicate constitution, and
has been suffering severely from a fall he
Switzerland is this winter almost one
mountain of snow; trains, steamboats and
telegraphs have been in a chronic state
Mrs. Grant says that the happiest
period of her life was when she lived in
Galena, HI. , in a small brick house and
had one servant. And she said it was the
General's happiest time.
The mother of General Grant has been
a life-long Methodist, and her cheerful
hositality is well remembered by old
Nsreachers who formerly traveled in
Oleremont county, unio.
It is now said "Gulliver's Travels"
have been dramatized for the London
Gaiety. Swift wrote "Brobdingrag,"
but a printer's blunder made it "Brob
dingnag," and so it has remained to this
London now has, and apparently not
before it was needed, a Society for Pre
venting Street Accidents and Dangerous
Driving, which, for the week ending
December 20, reported two killed "and
forty -five injured from this cause, f
.nticen in Local Column. 20 cents per line,
Transient advertisements, per rquareof 12
lines. Nonpar II measure. $2 fiO tor Unit, and SI
foretell .ubieq tent insert! u iu ADVANOK'
L,- gai advert isen cats charged a. transient.
a?tl inns;, be pa!f for upon expiration o
clfrse for publi tier's t-ftl tavlt ( publication,
Yer'y a;''crilvi rat-ats on tijH-fWt tern
Professional Ci ds (1 !- ) J 2 oi mi u -i.
A-l tioii is d Mdvt-r. -lOi-ut-. InU-ii i r
publication shun d Iw li ti led in lv rw
NAMING THE BABY.
They gather In solemn council,
I be chiefs of the household band;
They si' In the darkened chamber,
A conclave proud and grand;
They peer in the curtained cradle,
to A nd all, with one voice, exclaim,
P&s they point, to tbe new-found treasure,
"The baby must have a name."
They bring forth the names by dozens,
With many an anxious look;
, Thev scan aft the tales and novels.
They search thro' tbe Good Old Book.
Till tbe happy-faced young mother,
Now urging her prior claim,
(Jries out In the fondest accent.,
"Ob, give him a pretty name!"
" His grand pa was ISbenezer
Long burled and gone, dear soul,"
Says the tr-inhllng voice of grandma.
As the quiet tear-drops roll.
"Ob, call nlm Eugeue Augustus,''
Cries the youngest of the throng
"Plain John," says tbe hnppy father,
"Is an honest name and strong."
And thus is the embryo statesman,
Perhaps, or the soldier bold.
Respecting bis future title
Left utterly out in the cold!
An yet It can matter little
To bim who Is heedless of rame
For no name will honor tbe mortal.
If the mortal dishonor the name.
Oerman School-Boy Lite.
They grow up to live in worlds of their
own creation, in ideas and theories
which are not brought to the test of prac
tical experience. It is the "faculty" of
common sense, which is cultivated with
distinguished success in our play
grounds, which redeems the English
schools from the sentence of utter bad
ness which they would otherwise de
serve. And it is the absence of this
"faculty" in the German prospectus
which vitiates so much of the excellent
teaching imparted. Better give the
pupils a good play -ground and confine
them daily for three hours within its
barriers than seat them for the same time
before a blackboard to study the theory
of political economy. German boys
have no public games. All their ener
gies are used up in their studies. They
take no violent exercise except on the
ice in winter. School work is exhaust
ing, and it takes Till their energies
out of them. In it they do take an in
terest. And the reason or one princi
pal reason why they do so is because
from early childhood it is impressed on
them that the whole future depends on
it. The Abilurienten-Examen is the Day
of Judgment looming before the chil
dren's eyes, aud their childish life is a
solemn march to that Dies tree. At the
close of youth, before entering on man
hood, comes the terrible day which irre
vocably fixes their fate. Unless they
issue from that examination with a testi
monial of "ripeness," every learned pro
fession is closed to them, and three years'
military drill instead of ono is their
doom. As the boy goes to school he
passess the barrack yard, or the Platz,
where the recruits are drilling. He stes
them posturing goose-stepping, tum
bling, fencing, marching, in mud or
snow, and he thinks, "I shall have three
years of this unless I work," and it acts
as a daily stimulus to exertion. German
Physicians Discussing Hanging.
At the meeting, last night, of the Medicc
Legal Society at the Academy of Medi
cine, Dr. J. C. Peters reported for a
special committee on hanging. Dr. Pe
ters said he believed that the committee,
without exception, were in favor of capi
tal punishment for murder, and that
hanging, when properly conducted, was
satisfactory. It was quick, merciful and
sufficiently ignominious. There was a
flash of light before the eyes, noises in
the ears, perhaps a feeling of heaviness
in the body, unconsciousness and death.
Death by hanging is caused by nervous
shock or paralysis, congestion of the
brain, suffocation and strangulation, and
sometimes by pressure on the spinal
cord in the neck. But even an expert like
Calcraft often failed, and his method was
now considered barbarous.The committee
would not recommend any mode of bang
ing, but thought that perhaps a plan by
which the bones of the spine in the neck
should be made to crush the spinal mar
row, would be the most advantageous,
as producing an instantaneous effect. In
any case, death should take place in two
minutes. Five minutes was long, and
fifteen minutes was unjustifiable. Dr.
Houghton, of Dublin, who was formerly
a clergyman, had devoted a great deal of
study to this subject. He was in favor
of a knot under the chin instead of at the
side of the neck. The knot arranged in
this manner would cause strangdMpon
and suffocation in the shortest time, and
the head being thrown up by the",drop,
the neck would probably be dislocated .
Dr. Houghton thought a long drop ten
feet, and, if possible, twelve ogfcmrteen
feet better than a drop of flllfcet. N.
A Sabbath-school teacher at Cincin
nnati having occasion to be absent,
engaged one of the young ladies of
society to take her place and teach her
class. She was prompt in the duty.and,
dressed in faultless style, made a de
cided and favorable impression upon
the class, and fancied she had sown good
seed in the minds of her youthful charge.
The teacher the next Sunday, upon
gathering her class, said: "When girls,
you had a new teacher last Sunday; can
you tell me any of the lessons she
taught you, or have yon forgotten?"
"Oh, no," answered the class, "we re
member everything." She taught us all
about Samson in the
no you mean Daniel.'
it was Sanisom." The teacher wisely
closed the subject, and, hurrying
through the lesson, took an early oo
casion to call upon the substitute. Said
to : ' 'What did you
teach my class last Sunday?" "Oh, we
had a nice time, I told them all about
Samson in the lion's den, and Moses in
the fiery furnace, and " 4. .'
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