Corvallis Gazette. PUBLISHED EVRY FRIDAY NEORNIKG BY W. B. CARTER, Editor and Propriktob. TERMS: (COIN.) She orbii U i mmtttt. Corvallis Gazette. Fr tear, Mx Montbs t bree Mouiha, 3 SO 1 I 04 VOL. XVII. CORVALLIS, OREGON, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1880. NO. 7. BATHS Of ADVERTISING. I 1 W 1 M 3 M. 6 M. TYsT. 1 jneg i i W I 3 (JO S U) 8 00 18 (W 2 " I 2 00 5 00 7 00 12 00 I 18 00 3 " I 3 00J 6 00 I 10 ft) I 16 00 j 22 0 4 " 4 00 J 7 00 13 00 I 18 00 20 00 M Col. 6 (0 J 9 00J15 00 20 00 I 85 00 la 7 Q 12 00 18 0 I 35 00 48 00 l4 1(1 ( 0 J15 0 1 25 l0 40 00 60 00 1 " 15 00 0 CO MO 00 60 01 H0O CITY ADVERTISEMENTS. m. e. WOODCCCK, Attorney and Counselor at Law, 4 0KTALL18 UBEGIIX OFFICE ON FIRST 8 TREET, OPP. WOOD COCK BALDWIN'S Hardware store Special attention given to Collections, Fore closure of Mortgages, Real Estate cases, Probata and Road matters. Will also t uy and sell City Property and Farm Lands, on reasonable terms. March 20,1879. 16-I2yl CITY ADVERTISEMENTS. CORVALLIS Livery, Feed ... AND... SALE STABLE. F. A. CHENOWETH. F. M. JOHNSON. CHENOWETH & JOHNSON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW COK.DA1.UN .... OHAUON September 4, 1879. 16:36tf J. W. RAYBUR , ATTORNEY AT LAW, (OHViLUH, i OKKitu, OFFICE On Monroe street, between Second and Third. Alulii at., CJo val la, (nvyon. SOL. KING, - Porpr. oA SrSpecial attention given to the Collection of Notes and Accounts. 16-ltf JAMES A. YANTIS, Attorney and Counselor at Law, OH VAL! IK. . . OBKOU9. tyiLL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS of the State. Spei ial attention given to liiatters in Probate. Collections will receive t-oinpt and careful attention. Office iu the Court ouse. 16:ltf. DR. F. A. ViNCENT, DENTIST. COUVALLIH - REOON. rkFt'ICE IN FISHER'S BRICK OVER Max. Friendley's New Store. All the atest improvement-. Everyth ng new and complete. All work warranted. Plea-e give me a coll. C. R. FARRA, M. O. PHYSICIAN AND MRGE03, kWNING BOTH BARNS I AM PREPARED to oiler superior accommodations in the Liv ery line. Always ready for a drive, GOOD TEAMS At Low KntoH. My stables are first-class in every respect, and competent and obliging hostlers always ready to serve the public. REASONABLE CHAKUKs FOR HIKE. Particular attentlua Pal4 to Boarding jea. ELEGANT HEARSE, CARRIAGES AND HACKS FOR FUNERALS Corvallis, Jan. 3, 1879. 16:lyl o FFICE OVER GRAHAM A HAMILTON'S Drug Store, Corvallis, Oregon. 1 1-2CU' J. K. WEBBER. Main St., Corvallis, Oregon, DEALER lit Stoves, Ranges, FORCE AND LIFT PUMPS. HOUSE FURNISHING HARDWARE, Constantly on hand, the NEW RICHMOND RANGE, Best in Market. The BONANZA COOK STOVE, Something New. And the New VECTA PARLOR STOVE. Jan. 1,1880. - 17:1 tf W. C. CRAWFORD, DEALER IN WATCHES, CLOCK?, JEWELRY, SPECTACLES, SILVER WARE, v etc. Also, MuBloal Instruments Ao Re pairing done at the most -reasonable rates, and all work warranted. Corvallis, Dec. 13, 1S77. 14:50tf GBAHAfl, HAMILTON & CO., COUVALLIH ... UKfSUON DEALERS IN Iiixg-8, Paints MEDICINES. CHEMICALS, DYE STIFFS, OILS, GLASS AND PUTTY. PURE WfNES AND L QU 3BS FOR MEDICINAL USE. And also the the very best assortment of Lamps and Wall Paper ever brought to this place. AGENTS FOR THE ifrisiii ru a? in 4i D-i iit A SUPERIOR TO ANY OTHER Woodcock & Baldwin (Successors to J. B Bayley & Co,) TTEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND AT THE old stand a large and complete stock of Heavy and Mi elf Hard ware, IRON, STEEL, TOOLS, STOVE?, RANG - 8, ETC Manufactured and Home Made Tin and Copper Wnro, Pumps. Pipe, JKt. A good Tinnor constantly on Land, and all Job Work neatly and quickly done. Also agents for Knapp, Eurrell & Co., for the sale of the beet and latent im proved FARM MACHI IV EHY. of all kinds, tognftier with a full assort ment of Agricultural Implements. Sole Agents for the celebrated ST. b MS CHAMtR 0K S 0VE8 the BEST IN THE WORLD. Also 'the Norman Range, ami many other patterns, in all sizes and styles. 6T" Particular attention paid to Farmers' wants, and the supplying extras for Farm Machinery, and all information as lo such articles, furnished cheerfully, on applica tion. r No pains will be spared to furnish our customers with the best goods in market, in our line, and at the lowest prices. Our motto shall Le, prompt and fair dealing with all. Call and examine our stock, before going cleew lic-re. Satisfac tion guaranteed. WOOKCOCK & BALDWIN. Corvallis, May, 12, 1870. H:4lf LANDS I FARMS I HOMES) 1IIAVE FARMS, (Improved and unim proved,) STORES and MILL PROPERTY, very desirable, FOR SALE. These lands are cheap. Also claims in un surveyed tracts for sale. Soldiers of the late rebellion who have, under he Soldiers' Homestead Act, located and made final proof on less than 160 acres, can dispose of the balance to me. Write (with stamps to prepay postage). R. A. BENSELL, Newport, Benton county, Oregon. 16:2tf U.I.E'i & WOODWARD. Druggists and Apothecaries, P. O. BUILDING. CORVALLIS, OREGON. Have a complete stock of ORl OS, MEDICINES, PAINTf, OIL, GLASS, kT , ITS. School Pooks - tat oneny, .to. CITY ADVERTISEMENTS. We bnv for Cash, and have choice fr the FRESHEST and PUREST Drugs and Medic nes the niarket affords. ES Prescriptions accurately prepared at half the usual rates. ZMay l t: i sit FRESH COOPS AT THE BAZAR. Corvallis Lodge So 14, f . A A. M. Holds stated Communications on Wednesday on or preceding each full moon. Brethren in good standing cordially invited to attend. By order W. M. Burn inn Lodge Ho. 7, I. O. O. 1 . Meets on Tuesday evening of each week, in their hall, in Fisher's brick, second story . Mem bers of the order in good standing invited to at tend. By order of N. G. J. R. BRYSOIM, ATTORNEY AT LAW. All business will receive prompt attention. COLLECTIONS A SPECIALTY. Corvallis, July 14, 187. 16:29tf IT TZ. TT ARRIS, One door South of Graham A Hamilton's, ( tntvAi i is, osuceew. GROCERIES PRO VISIONS AND Dry Goods. Corvallis, Jan. 3, 1878. l:lvl DRAKE & GRANT, MERCHANT TAILORS, COKVAII.il.. XTE HAVE JUST RECEIVED A LARGE and well selected stock of Cloth, viz : "W-r of i- u-ln.tii Broad lot lis, reneh asslmereg, coicli Tweeds, and a merlcan faulting:. Which we will make up to order in the most approved and lash ouable styles. No pains will be s; areil in producing good fitting garments. Parties wishing to purchase cloths and have them cut out, will do well to call and examine our stock. DRAKE & GRANT. Corvallis, April 17, 1879. I6:16tt Boarding: and Lodging-. Philomath, Beutun Vo , Oregon. GEORGE KISOR, "RESPECTFULLY INFORMS THE TRAV eling public that he is now prepared and in readiness to keep such boarders as may choose to give him a call, either by the SfNCUE MSAL. DAY. OR WEEK. Is also prepared to fu'ii'sh horse feed. Liberal share of public patronage solicited. Give us a call. GEORGE KISOR. Philomath, April 28, 1879. I0:18tf AlBERT P YGALL. j WlLUAH IBWTN, PYGALL & IRWIN, City Trucks& Drays, TTAV1NG PURCHASED THE DRAYS AND r Trucks lately owufd by James Eglin, we are prepared to do all kinds of lty Htm 1 HIT- Heliverlnu of Wood.. J. to.. Eic., in the city or country, at reasonable rates. Pat ronage solicited, and satisfaction guaranteed in all cases. ALBERT PYGALL, WILLIAM IRWIN. Corvallis, Dec. 20, 1878. 15:51tf J C. MORELAND, (CITT ATTORNEY.) ATTOU VK"V A.TC LAW, PilKTUSIt, - OBKG09T. OFFICEMonastes' Brick, First street, between Morrison aud Yamhill. 14:38tf THE 8TAH BAKERY, nt Street, or val Us. HENRY WARRIOR, PROPRIETOR. Family Supply Store ! Groceries, Bread. Cakes, Pie, CandicN, Toy. Kto., Always on Hand. Corvallis, Jan. 1, 1877. 14;2tf $66 A WEEK in vour own town and no capital risked. You can give the business a trial without expense. The best opportunity ever offered for those willing to work. You should try nothing else until yju see for yourself what you can do at the business we oner. .No room to explain nere. You can devote all your time or only your spare time to the business, and make great pay for every hour you work. Women make as much as men. Send for special private terms and par ticulars, which we mail free. $6 outfit free Don't complain of hard times while you have such a chance Address H. HALLETT A CO., Portland, Maine. 16:31yl $15 TO $6000 A YEAR, or $5 to $20 a day in your own locality. No risk. Wo men do as well as men. Many make more than the amount stated above. No one can fail to make money fast. Any one can do the work. You can make from oOcts to $2 an hour by devoting your evenings and spare tune to the business, it costs notning to try tne business Nothing like it for money makirf'g ever offered before Business pleasant and strict ly honorable Reader, if you want to knov all about the best paying business before the 'public, nd us your address ana we win send ou full lars and private terms tree; satnsces worth you can men niakBBur mind f AddresiMH HNSON & 16:31yl Eccentricities of Birds. velve We are seldon discomposed by the song of birds; all snch music, however, is not composing. We are pleased with the song of the whippoorwill, especially if no more than two or three are heard at the same time and axe far apart. This measured music is pleasant, partly on account of its formality, and yet for this reason they lis our attention. A song is not necessary to make the voice of a bird pleasant. Take the chickadee his note is agreeable, though not measured or con tinued; the call note of this bird is very animated, from which it gets its name. Chickadee-dee-dee is always uttered at regular intervals of two or three minutes by each bird. This bird does not forage in compact flocks, like sparrows and other granivorous birds, whose food, consisting of the seeds of grasses, is dis tributed over almost every field. The food of the chickadee being of insects and their eggs and chrysalides, which are lodged upon the wood and bark of trees, is not abundant at any one place, and has to be obtained by diligent search; they are compelled, therofore, to scatter; like the woodpeckers, because their food is scattered. Woodpeckers are much less noisy thrtn the chickadee; they have not so many notes of greeting as the latter; their hammering upon trees appears to answer a similar purpose. Nature ap pears to bestow on birds and animals only just such an amount of language as their wants, require. The downy woodpecker is almost al ways associated with the chickadee; he is distinguished by his speckled plumage, his scarlet crown, and his sudden and rapid flight. This small bird appears, as it were, a companion of the chicka dee. In the season of winter, birds of like habits have a general inclination to associate, for mutual protection; they seem to be cheered by hearing the voices of others around them. The small wood peckers, the creepers, and the chickadees have a sort of affinity; they keep within hearing of each other, from a social feel ing, of which they have no less than the gregarious specimens. A singular habit of the downy wood pecker, and one with which all are famil iar, is that which has gained him the name of the "sapsucker." He bores lit tle holes just through the bark of the tree, usually an apple tree, not penetrat ing into the wood. These holes form a complete circle round the branch of the tree, about half an inch apart. No the ory has yet been advanced that satisfac torily explains the object of tthe bird in making these perforations. The theory that they are made for the purpose of sapsucking, is perhaps the mcst plausible one. Admitting this theory, the cause of their arrangement in a circle is still un explained. Farmers were formerly dis posed to consider these sapsuckers in jurious to the health of the trees, but -i i i i i observations nave proved ineir narmiess ness. The gregarious habits of certain spe aies of birds, and the more solitary hab its of others, are the necessary conse quence of their different ways of feeding. The insect feeders among land birds are seldom associated in flocks; but they are fond of company, and do not like to be alone. The granivorous birds, on the contrary, with few exceptions, are gregarious. Such are the En glish sparrow and bunting. Com pare, in this respect, the common robin and the red-winged blackbird. The robin is exclusively insectivorous; the fruit he consumes is not his substance, and he swallows no kind of seed. The redwing, on the contrary, is omniverous, and is a great consumer of every -kind of grain. Hence robins are never seen in large or compact flocks. The cause of this difference m their habits is that robins, en account of the exclusive diet of grubs and insects, are obliged to for age singly; while blackbirds, who are voracious of every eatable substance that lies upon the ground, sometimes glean a whole field by going in companies. All seed eaters do not assemble in compact flocks. The goldfinch, or thistle bird, and nearly all the finches, are examples. Goldfinches are choice and dainty in their food; they peck the seeds directly from the plants that bear them, and take off the shells before they swallow the ker nels. The goldfinch hunts for his cereal food in the same way as the chicken hunts for his grubs and insects. The goldfinch is not an inveterate singer he is seldom heard to finish a tune he does not devote his entire time to song; nor is he like the red thrush, sitting for half an hour on the same branch singing without easation. One peculiar habit of this yellow bird (goldfinch) is that the male bird, after building a nest, will peck it to pieces and build another nest with the same material in its vicinity. The first nest is not occupied in any instance, and the second one sometimes remains va cant. It appears to be the received opinion that the song of a bird is a disinterested effort on the part of the male to comfort his mate while sitting on her nest. The song certainly produces the desired effect, but this does not appear to be the motive of the songster. It is, on the contrary, an outpouring of his im patience on account of her absence, and an effort on his part to call some other .female to join him. Though the male bird often takes ins turn upon tne nest during incubation, he is impatient while thus employed, and spends only a small part of his time in the discharge of his duty, liven in procuring food for the young birds he is not as diligent as his mate; watch a pair of robins when they have a brood of young to feed, and it will be seen the female provides the greater part of their food ; watch, also, a mated pair in a flock of pigeons while the female is employed in her maternal s, her lonesome partner resumes uu cooing mat was t nhnnoinrr hi. m.lua - OW8 when some unf- to his call is v efore. the cackling of the hen always disturbs the male bird ; the drumming of a pheas ant excites the wrath of every male of his own species, and frequently ends in a flight. Birds, when captured, gen erally utter similar cries, and courageous animals make a louder noise when seized than those of a timid species. The pig, in its wild state, is very courageous; when one of the herd is in danger, the whole herd will run to its protection. Sheep, on the contrary, when one of their number is attacked, do not return to protect it, but run away; the captured one only moans, but makes no loud cries. Breton Parsimony. Jean, our farmer, is worth at least 20,000 francs, or 800, no mean sum for a workingman even in England, yet his one desire is to increase his store and he never dreams of pro curing any winter comforts. His is not at all a special case, although he is (fying in a rapid consumption. Two years ago the doctor told him that he must give up exposing him self to cold and damp or he would soon die; yet he has not given up, and as a consequence lie is dying. A few days ago I heard that he was very ill in bed, spitting blood, so I paid him a visit, and found him very bad indeed. His room was wet as wet could be; it had no curtains, the front door was wide open, the fire a few hot coals of wood, which were kept there to be blown into flame when needed for cooking or farm purposes. He had no medicine, no special food, but was living like the others on black rye bread and buck wheat galettes or pancakes. I told him how ill I thought him in the presence of his wife, and in the night ho alarmed her by vomiting blood, so that she came to me in the morn ing crying, and asking what she ought to do for him. I told her to get him warmth, meat, soup and other comforts, and she went just as far as this: she bought two pounds' weight of white bread. When this white bread came home, her mother (Jean's mother-in-law), who lives with them, went into a passion and sulked all day long, as she declared that it was wild extrav agance. You must know that for days I had sent him soup, meat and pastry from my own table, partly because I could not bear to see the man dying before my eyes from sheer want, for he could not eat the ordinary coarse food, and took noth ing at all. They received all my gifts almost without thanks, and never stirred hand or foot to get any thing for themselves until the day when Yvonne bought the white bread. Well, on that day when her mother was raging, she came crying into the kitchen, and told my bonne how she was tried. The bonne told me at once, and protested that I ought not to keep on sending food to a rich man, who was a miser and sur rounded by two miserly women, while real poor might be stretching out their hands for help. I replied that I had never refused to help tny real poor yet, and that I intended to continue my help to Jean, notwith standing his miserly behavior, as I could not see a man die of want while had enough. But I told her to scold Yvonne well, and to tell her that she ought to do berduty by her husband, and if necessary turn her mother out of the house, especially as she was a rich woman and well able to keep a homo of her own. Now mark Yvonne's reply: "Ah, I can't do that, because my husband may soon die, and then I shall want my mother's help." Mark, I say, this reply its utter selfishness, and say is there any real depth, any real worth in such characters as these ? I think not. The weather changed, and Jean has for a little moment got better, but he cannot live many months; already he has been out in the rain, -and in a few days will be in bod voir., iting blood again. When very bad indeed, his wife besought me, as I was going to the doctor ten miles away myself, to ask for some remedy to stop the blood spitting of Jean. I did so, and explained also the condi tion of the house and family. The doctor, who is a very clever fellow, told me that he knew them all well, and that there would be a very evil day for Yvonno soon. I said, "Will the man die very soon ? " "Yes!" said he, " but that is not the evil day I mean; there will be a far more un happy day for her when she comes to me after he is buried to to pay my bill." The Cornhill. MT Pfrtla a P . erlptton ails teatual. l Mai mme Mna that was MbIbbW; choosing m Mttih fm sm etui is vsar t M rcfore, haJflN 1 Lmi -- iH SHORT BITS. Exhausting thk Soil. There are no soils, however rich, that with continuous cropping -wiJJL not in time wear out. With some soiIs- it is true, great liber ties may be1aken in the cultivation of crops without regard to a judicious ro tation, ahcl even growing the same crop several years years in succession on them; but this cannot be kept up con tinuaily. A day will surelj- .come when the richest soil under such treatment will be despoiled3" of its fertility and fail to respond to the drafts made upon it. It is the inexorable penalty that follows an abused law of nature, it is a lesson which science lone since taught, but as to bo learned by dear bought n and again as one gener another. Joaquin Miller thinks of becoming a lecturer. The middle-aged person is liable to run to waist. There are nine women in the London ISchool Board. Wilkie Collins says he has earned $150,000 with his pen. Feelings cannot be relied upon as judges of right and wrong. George MaoDonald", the novelist, will not visit America till 1881. Twin clowns should have their salaries paid in double-loons. Congressman Hawley, of Connecticut, was born in North Carolina. The present Governor of Colorado was once a respectable carpenter. Ex-Secretary Robeson's Boston resi dence has been sold for $30,000. A little slang now and then is rel ished by the most high-toned men. Algernon Sartoris, husband of Nellie 1 Oram, is again in this country. Col. Grant, the explorer and com panion of Speke, is seriously ill of pleurisy. When a man is out of money any change that may come to him is for the better. The the habitual drinker feels a de pression of spirits when his demijohn runs low. The man who has mutton-chop whiskers should not complain of hair in butter. Senator Bruce is the youngest mem ber of the United States Senate, thirty nine. The worst old toper in the world wOuld be glad to draw a sober breath, if he had it. Mr. Gladstone shows his age, and has little wisps of dry gray hair falling before his ears. Louisa M. Alcott, the actress, has sent 100 books to the newsboys' reading-room in Boston. It will take $3,000,000 to take the cen sus, and then the people will not know what to do with it. Mr. Gorman, who is to be Senator from Maryland, u sed to be a good catcher in a base ball club. The material for making yeast is rising so much in the market that brewers must lift up the price of beer. The man who runs a push-cart, shout ing fish for sale, is an orator who carries everything before him. Nature can not stand everything. If a young man will wear a fur cap he must make up his mind to loose his hair. The wants long felt in Paris have all been supplied. That city supports forty-nine daily political newspapers. The Eev. Anna Oliver, who bought out a Brooklyn church, is making it sue cesslul, and will soon have it paid for. The crookedness of the ministers to China makes it appear that our consuls have more regard for the chromos than the tea. Edison is very absent-minded. The other day he left his little daughter in the cars, going off in complete forgetful ness of her. George W. Williams, the first colored man elected to the General Assembly of Ohio, was formerly a resident of New castle, Pa. There is no safety in starving out poor washerwoman. The celluloid cuffs and collars are liable to ignite and explode at any moment. Gov. Cornell signes the first message with a gold pen made from Egyptian coins 4000 years old, which has Lately been presented. The age of Abraham Johnson, who lives near Scranton, Pa., is 108 years. His health is good, and his memory remarkable. Mrs. Nancy Smith, admitted to the bar at Keokuk, was banqueted by her brethren in the law. Feed at the very outset. One of the sons of the late Charles Dickens, Frances J. Dickens, is an in spector in the Canadian Northwest mounted police." The worst case of "stage fright" is that of the man who thinks that he has passed up a $2 50 gold piece instead of a dime to the driver. Carlos Lopez, of Columbus, Ga., aged eighty years, has just had a letter from his father in Spain, aged 115. The old man was well. A Chicago man's nightmare- turned out to be the shadow of his wife's foot on the bedroom wall, instead of an unearthly monster with five horns. The eldest son of the Crown Prince of Germany has a delicate constitution, and has been suffering severely from a fall he had recently. Switzerland is this winter almost one mountain of snow; trains, steamboats and telegraphs have been in a chronic state of interruption. Mrs. Grant says that the happiest period of her life was when she lived in Galena, HI. , in a small brick house and had one servant. And she said it was the General's happiest time. The mother of General Grant has been a life-long Methodist, and her cheerful hositality is well remembered by old Nsreachers who formerly traveled in Oleremont county, unio. It is now said "Gulliver's Travels" have been dramatized for the London Gaiety. Swift wrote "Brobdingrag," but a printer's blunder made it "Brob dingnag," and so it has remained to this day. London now has, and apparently not before it was needed, a Society for Pre venting Street Accidents and Dangerous Driving, which, for the week ending December 20, reported two killed "and forty -five injured from this cause, f .nticen in Local Column. 20 cents per line, each Insertion. Transient advertisements, per rquareof 12 lines. Nonpar II measure. $2 fiO tor Unit, and SI foretell .ubieq tent insert! u iu ADVANOK' L,- gai advert isen cats charged a. transient. a?tl inns;, be pa!f for upon expiration o clfrse for publi tier's t-ftl tavlt ( publication, Yer'y a;''crilvi rat-ats on tijH-fWt tern Professional Ci ds (1 !- ) J 2 oi mi u -i. A-l tioii is d Mdvt-r. -lOi-ut-. InU-ii i r publication shun d Iw li ti led in lv rw Vdft NAMING THE BABY. They gather In solemn council, I be chiefs of the household band; They si' In the darkened chamber, A conclave proud and grand; They peer in the curtained cradle, to A nd all, with one voice, exclaim, P&s they point, to tbe new-found treasure, "The baby must have a name." They bring forth the names by dozens, With many an anxious look; , Thev scan aft the tales and novels. They search thro' tbe Good Old Book. Till tbe happy-faced young mother, Now urging her prior claim, (Jries out In the fondest accent., "Ob, give him a pretty name!" " His grand pa was ISbenezer Long burled and gone, dear soul," Says the tr-inhllng voice of grandma. As the quiet tear-drops roll. "Ob, call nlm Eugeue Augustus,'' Cries the youngest of the throng "Plain John," says tbe hnppy father, "Is an honest name and strong." And thus is the embryo statesman, Perhaps, or the soldier bold. Respecting bis future title Left utterly out in the cold! An yet It can matter little To bim who Is heedless of rame For no name will honor tbe mortal. If the mortal dishonor the name. Oerman School-Boy Lite. They grow up to live in worlds of their own creation, in ideas and theories which are not brought to the test of prac tical experience. It is the "faculty" of common sense, which is cultivated with distinguished success in our play grounds, which redeems the English schools from the sentence of utter bad ness which they would otherwise de serve. And it is the absence of this "faculty" in the German prospectus which vitiates so much of the excellent teaching imparted. Better give the pupils a good play -ground and confine them daily for three hours within its barriers than seat them for the same time before a blackboard to study the theory of political economy. German boys have no public games. All their ener gies are used up in their studies. They take no violent exercise except on the ice in winter. School work is exhaust ing, and it takes Till their energies out of them. In it they do take an in terest. And the reason or one princi pal reason why they do so is because from early childhood it is impressed on them that the whole future depends on it. The Abilurienten-Examen is the Day of Judgment looming before the chil dren's eyes, aud their childish life is a solemn march to that Dies tree. At the close of youth, before entering on man hood, comes the terrible day which irre vocably fixes their fate. Unless they issue from that examination with a testi monial of "ripeness," every learned pro fession is closed to them, and three years' military drill instead of ono is their doom. As the boy goes to school he passess the barrack yard, or the Platz, where the recruits are drilling. He stes them posturing goose-stepping, tum bling, fencing, marching, in mud or snow, and he thinks, "I shall have three years of this unless I work," and it acts as a daily stimulus to exertion. German Paper. ' Physicians Discussing Hanging. At the meeting, last night, of the Medicc Legal Society at the Academy of Medi cine, Dr. J. C. Peters reported for a special committee on hanging. Dr. Pe ters said he believed that the committee, without exception, were in favor of capi tal punishment for murder, and that hanging, when properly conducted, was satisfactory. It was quick, merciful and sufficiently ignominious. There was a flash of light before the eyes, noises in the ears, perhaps a feeling of heaviness in the body, unconsciousness and death. Death by hanging is caused by nervous shock or paralysis, congestion of the brain, suffocation and strangulation, and sometimes by pressure on the spinal cord in the neck. But even an expert like Calcraft often failed, and his method was now considered barbarous.The committee would not recommend any mode of bang ing, but thought that perhaps a plan by which the bones of the spine in the neck should be made to crush the spinal mar row, would be the most advantageous, as producing an instantaneous effect. In any case, death should take place in two minutes. Five minutes was long, and fifteen minutes was unjustifiable. Dr. Houghton, of Dublin, who was formerly a clergyman, had devoted a great deal of study to this subject. He was in favor of a knot under the chin instead of at the side of the neck. The knot arranged in this manner would cause strangdMpon and suffocation in the shortest time, and the head being thrown up by the",drop, the neck would probably be dislocated . Dr. Houghton thought a long drop ten feet, and, if possible, twelve ogfcmrteen feet better than a drop of flllfcet. N. Y. World. A Sabbath-school teacher at Cincin nnati having occasion to be absent, engaged one of the young ladies of society to take her place and teach her class. She was prompt in the duty.and, dressed in faultless style, made a de cided and favorable impression upon the class, and fancied she had sown good seed in the minds of her youthful charge. The teacher the next Sunday, upon gathering her class, said: "When girls, you had a new teacher last Sunday; can you tell me any of the lessons she taught you, or have yon forgotten?" "Oh, no," answered the class, "we re member everything." She taught us all about Samson in the no you mean Daniel.' it was Sanisom." The teacher wisely closed the subject, and, hurrying through the lesson, took an early oo casion to call upon the substitute. Said to : ' 'What did you teach my class last Sunday?" "Oh, we had a nice time, I told them all about Samson in the lion's den, and Moses in the fiery furnace, and " 4. .' . den. io. we i 'Oh, The bell8St. Peter's. Zurich, are' Tna mAltel frt form ft rtpw srd, local antiquarian society nas u save uue cast iu xy, auvv Federation.