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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View This Issue
IVfclY FRIDAY MORNIKG
W. J3. CARTER,
Editok and Proprietor.
HATES OF ADVERTISING.
I 1 W I 1 M I 8M. 6 M. Tyr1
1 lncu , 00 3 W) 6 UP 8 W 12 OH
2 " 2 00 5 00 7 00 12 CO l 18 00
3 " I 3 0J 00 I 10 01 6 00 22 0t
4 " 4 00 7 00 IS 00 I H 00 20 00
Col. I 6 10 9 00 15 00 20 03 I 35 00
'A "' I 7 Q 12 00 18 0 "j 85 00 T 48 00
j ' 10 10 I 16 01 t 2"i tO 40 00 I 80 00
I " I 15 00 I tgjj j 40 01) 60 0 ' 1 1' 0 Of
6 i SO
INVAKUBLY IN ADVA NCK.
CORVAlJLlS. OREGON, FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 20, 1880.
m. e. WOODCCCK,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
OFFICE ON FIRST SrREET.OPP. WOOD
COCK Jt BALDWIN'S Hardware store.
Sccial attention given to Collections, Fore
closure of Mortgages, Real Estate cases, Probata
a. ul Roail mutters.
Will also Mty ani sell City Property and Farm
Lamb, on reasonable terms.
.March 20, IH7!. IG-I2yl
K. A. C'HENOWETH.
F. M. JOIINPOX.
CHEN0WETH &. JOHNSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
(OKSAIXl! .... OKI.UON.
September 4, 1879. lG:36tf
J. W. RAYBURP,
ORNEY AT LAW,
I OKViLU, : OKI ..
OFFICE On Monroe street, between Second and
Mulu 9t., Coival Is. Urciron.
SOL. KING, - Porpr.
ftr-Sociai attention given to the Collection
of Notes and Accounts. 10-ltf
JAMES A. YANTI8,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
(AKVALtK, - OREGON.
tyiLL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS
of the State. Special attention given to
liHiteia in Probate. Collections will receive
r. oinjjt and careful attention. Office in the Court
DR F. A. ViNCENT,
1 E NT I 8 T.
rjWNING BOTH BARNS I AM PREPARED
v to offer superior accommodations in the Liv
ery line. Always ready lor a drive,
At Low Ifstres.
My stables are first-class in every rc3poct. and
competent and obliging hostlers always
ready to serve the public.
reasonable: charuk-. for i ike.
Patrilealnr mttmmtlmm PhIJ to ttanHaf
ELEGANT HEARSE, CARRIAGES AND
HACKS FOR FUNERALS
Corvallis, Jan. 3, IS79.
t ' REOON.
rkFFICE IN FISHER'S BRICK OVER ! "IT
w Max. Fricndlev's New Store. All the latest
improvements. Every thug new and complete.
All work warranted, l'lea-e give me a call.
G. R. FARRA, M. D.
PUYMCUS AM SlIfiGBOil,
()FFICE-0VER GRAHAM 3c HAMILTON'S
" DrugStote, Corvallis, Oregon. I4-26tf
J. K. WEBBER,
Main St., Corvallis, Oregon,
FORCE AND LIFT PUMPS.
HJUfE FURNISHING HARDWARE,
on tint ly on hand, tbe
NEW RICHMOND RANGE,
Best In Market. The
BONANZA COOK STOVE,
something New. And tbe New
VECTA PARLOR STOVE.
Jan. 1, 1830. 17:1 tf
W. G. CRAWFORD,
JEWELRY, SPECTACLES, SILVER WARE,
Musical )ntrumpnts &
Repairing done at the most reasonable
rates, and all work warranted.
Corvallis, Dec, 13, 1877. 14:50tf
GRAHAM, HAMILTON & CO.,
COUV A 1.1.18 ... OKGU09I.
CHEMICALS. DYE STIFFS,
Woodcock & Baldwin
Successors to J. R Bavlev & Co.)
EEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND AT THE
old stand a large and complete stock of
Heavy and Shelf Hani ware,
Manufactured and Home Made
Tin iiud Copper Wsure,
Pump. Pipe, Etc.
A good Tinner constantly on hand, and all
Job Work neatly and quickly done.
Also agents for" Knapp, Burrell & Co.,
for the sale of the- best and latest im
proved frA. It 3VI MACII1NETIY.
of all kinds, together with a full assort
ment of Agricultural Implements.
Sole Agents for the celebrated
ST. LOUIS CHAkTfR 0 K S 0VES
the BEST IX THE WORLD. Also tha
Norman Range, and many other patterns,
in all sizes and styles.
fa? Particular attention paid to Farmers'
wants, and the supplying extras for Farm
Machinery, and all information as to such
articles, iurnished cheerfully, on applica
tion. No pains will be spared to furnish our
customers with the best goods in market,
in our line, and at the lowest price.
Our motto t-hall be, pn nipt and fair
dealing with all. Call and examine our
stock, before going elsewhere. .Satisfac
WOOKCOCK & BALDWIN.
Corvallis, May, 12, 1879. HMif
PURE WINES AND LIQUORS
FOR MEDICINAL USE.
And also the the very best assortment of
Lamps and Wall Paper
LAUDS I FARMS! HOMES!
1HAVE FARMS, (Improved and unim
proved.) STORES and MILL PROPERTY,
These lands are cheap.
Also claims in unsurveyed tracts for sale.
Soldiers of the late rebellion who have, under
he Soldiers' Homestead Act, located and made
final proof on less 'han 1G0 acres, can dispose of
tbe balance to me.
Write (with stamps to prepay postage).
R. A. BENSELL,
Newport, Benton eountv, Oregon.
ULE & WOODWARD,
P. O. BUILDING, CORVALLIS, OREGON.
Have a complete stuck of
DRIr 68, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OIL,
GLASS, IT?., LTC.
School 1'ooks otationeny, itc
ever brought to this place.
AGENTS FOR THE
AVRIU IH-tflOU PAIN
8LTEKI0R TO ANY OTHER
Pl.yt.iclai.s- f e,critnlo.
We buy for Cash, and haHice of the
FRESHEST and PUREST Drugs and Medie ues
the market affords.
.Prescription accurately prepared at half
the usual rate. ' 2Mayl6:18tf
K. A. KNIGHT.
an Francisco, the larg-
orvallfs Lodcre 14, . 4k A. N.
Holds stated Communications on Wednesday on
or preceding each full moon. Brethren in good
standing cordially invited to attend. By order
Barn urn Lodge Mm. 7, I. . O. K.
Meets on Tuesday evening of each week, in
their hall, in Fisher's brick, second storv. Mem
bers of the order in good standing invited to at
tend. By order of N. G.
J. R. BRYSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
All business will receive prompt
COLLECTIONS A SPECIALTY.
Corvallis, July 14, 187U. 16:29tf
One door South of Graham A Hamilton's,
colt v a tun, oiEeex.
Corvallis, Jan. 3, 1878. l:tvl
DRAKE & GRANT,
TE HAVE JUST RECEIVED A LARGE
and well selected slock ot Cloth, viz:
W-m ' of t- nirland Broad
. loths, renoh 4 asglmeres,
- eolch Tweeds, and
A niurien.il e-t 1 1 1 n uf
Which we will make up to order in the most
approved and lash onable styles. No pains will
be scared in producing good titling garments.
Parties wishing to purchase cloths and have
them cut out, will do well to call and examine
our stock. DRAKE A GRANT.
Corvallis, April 17. 187'J. IfclGtf
Boarding and Lodging:..
Piilloiuath. Keiitou t'o . Or. a.
tespectfi;lly informs the trav-
eling public that be is now prepared and in
readiness to keep such boarders as may choose to
give him a call, either by the
SINGLE ML. DAY. OR WEEK.
Is also, prepared to firn sh horse feed. Liberal
sbatc ot publ:c alroiiage solicited. Give CM a
call. GEOHGE KISOR.
Philomath, April 28, 1 S7t. I0:18tf
Albkrt 1'ygaui.. I William InwiN.
PYOA1X & IRWIN,
City Tr ucksA Drays,
TTAVING PURCHASED TnE DRAYS AND
Trucks lately owmd by James Eglin, we
are prepared u do all kinds of
City linn t"tr. I ellvcrlnu of
Wood to.. lSi c,
in the cily or country, at reasonable rates. Pat
ronage solicited, and fiii islaet ion guiinintecd in all
caes. ALBERT PYGALL,
Corvallis, Dec. 20. 1S"I. 16:altf
J C. MOftELAND,
( itt ArroRSKV.)
j V I Oil 11' AST LAW,
JIK. I 'I.AM II, - OBKUOS.
OFFICE Monast es Brick, First street,
between Morrison and Yamhill. 14:3Stf
THE STAR BAKERY,
SI hi ii Hi reel, I orvallia.
HENRY WAKRI0RL PROPRIETOR.
Family Supply Store !
Always on Hand.
Corvallis, Jan. 1. 1S77. U:2tf
h 4 I" TO fl00 YEAR or"' to $20 a day
Ul k in your own locality. No risk Wo
mf III men do as well as men. Many make
faaV more than the amount stated above.
No one can fail to make money fast. Any one
can do the work You can make from 50cts to
$2 an hour by devoting your evenings and spare
time to the business. It costs nothing to try the
business Nothing like it for money making
ever offered before Business pleasant and strict
ly honorable Reader, if you want to know all
about the best paying business before the public,
send us your address and we wi 11 send you full
particulars and private terms free; samples worth
$." also free: you can then make up your mind
for yourself Address GEORGE STINSON A
CO , Portland, Maine 16:31yl
A MONTH guaranteed. Twelv
dollars a dav made at home
the industrious. Capital not
luueo, . mil siuri. you. .(.,,
women, boys and girts make money fasujfr at
work for us than at anvthine else. The w.i- s.
light vajn't pleasant, and such as anyona..,,, g
right at. Those who are wise who seeUjhiii notice
will send us fjhe'r addresses at oneeyfjjj gge for
themselves. (Costly outfi"na'tera( free. Now
is the time, Those already atjjfork are laying
up large su ms on money. AdjK TRUE A CO.,
TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL
ADAPTED TO THE WEATHER.
else until .
your own town and no
ed. You can give the
tnaj without ex
opportunity ever ofTei
for vourself what
It was tite year of grace 1880 and the
first day of the year. Dennis Duval was
plodding along on horseback through the
mud and the mist when he met, at the
section corners, Mr. Paul Jones, a neigh
bor, who was mounted like himself, and
the two headed their horses into the same
lane and jogged along together. Duval
gave Jones a "Happy New Year" as they
met, to which Jones replied in a low
monotone, "The same to you," and then
became silent. The splash of the horses
feet was the only sound for several rods,
when Duval broke out:
"What's the matter, Jones? I never
saw you look so tore up in my life.
You're always counted the best man in
the business for a joke ; but you don't
look much like it to day. What's the
matter? Anybody dead?"
Jones looked up, gave a kind of grin
and ghastly smile, add then replied:
"No, there ain't anybody dead, but I
dreamed there was, that's all," and again
he was silent.
Nothing but splashing for the next
eighty rods, at the end of which Duval
again made an attempt at conversation:
"You dreamed there was? Who'd you
"Myself," said Jones, with a wink and
a sly grin from under his slouched hat.
"That you was?" said Duval, and then
there was silence again.
At length Jones heaved a deep sigh,
straightened himself in his saddle, and
spoke as follows:
"Yes, I dreamed I was dead. Didn't
dream much about the dyin' part, but
the first I knew I was standin' afore a
gate and waitin' to get in. I waited
around a while, and nobody seemed to
come; so I stepped into a kind of a litle
office just to one side o' the gate to wait.
'Twas a nice kind of a room, not very
big; and I was goin' around it, lookin' at
things, while I was waitin'; and first I
knew I saw a big book like a ledger, set
up on a desk, or frame like. I kind o'
wondered what it was, and as it was right
ont in the room where everybody could
see it, I went up and looked at it, and as
sure as I'm a sinner, there stood my ac
count. It was headed in good style,
'Paul Jones, in account, etc.', Dr. on
one side and Cr. on the other. It kind
o' took me back a little to run onto it so
sudden, but I'd been thinkin' about it
more or less all the time I'd been waitin'.
Well, nobody'd come yet, so I got to
lookin' over the account. The first state
ment was 'General business account,'
and I don't want to brag, but I had a
pretty fair showing, take it all round. I
was charged up with some things, just as
I deserved to be, but in the main I con
fess I was pretty well pleased with the
way the account looked.
"Well, then came on the 'Church and
Benevolent Society account,' and that
made fair show, too. You see I've al
ways had considerable to give, and I've
liked to give pretty well, and so I've
given a good deal one way and another,
and it was all down all right. There was
one or two charges though, on the other
side, that got me a little. For instance,
there was, 'neglecting meetings,' and
'giving for personal benefit,' and 'giving
for the sake of public approval.' That
got me a little, but I stood that pretty
well. I went on down to the 'widows
and orphans account,' which was in pret
ty good shape, too, and I was beginning
to feel pretty good, when I struck 'school
directors account,' and I tell yon, Duval,
my heart struck the bottom of my boots
like lead. You see I'd never thought
about runnin' an account with that head
in' an how. But there !.t was, and I had
to face it.
"Well, as soon as I got my breath, I
took a look at it. I daresn't tell you all
there was there, but it just makes me
sick now to think about it. Why the
Dr. column run on for about six pages,
and here's about the way it went:
"Item Neglecting to keep school
house in repair, on account of which
George Newcomb's little girl caught cold
and died, and several children suffered
severely. See testimony of Newcomb's
"Item Neglecting to stand by the
teacher when some meddlesome people
in the district tried to break up the
"Item Neglecting to sustain the
teacher when he attempted to coerce a
few bad, big boys who were trying to
run the school.
"Item Hiring Mehitabel Parker (you
see she was my wife's cousin, and had
been spending the summer visitin' us) ,
to teach the school, she being young and
inexperienced, when Hiram Samson
could have been hired in her stead, he
being an experienced and accomplished
teacher, U.e change being made for the
sake of saving five dollars a month.
"Itefu Neglecting to visit school and
personally inspect the work of teachers
anuppupus. . - v . ' ...
y-ltcm Neglecting to comer witn
acher and patrons about the interests
of the school, and so on. Here it went
page after page, all charged up.
"Item Neglecting to insist on uni
formity of text books, and so greatly
crippling the school.
"Item Allowing private family quar
rels in the district to interfere with and
weaken the school."
"I can't give 'em all, but they made
my hair stand on end when I read 'em."
"Was there aothing on the other side
of the accoui Duval.
"Urll.A BaaaaSBBr" ''"''
was jugB "Credit,
pensc K of the
SB1 BSak' 10411
room a BMi"
who came to tell me breakfast was ready
iind 'wish me a happy New Year.' Well,
I gWip and eat my breakfast, but I
kept thinkin' of my dream, and I just
made up my mind that I'm goin' to do
what I can for the rest of my natural life
to make a better lookin' record than that-,
when the time really does come that I
have to face it. There's our school
house now. with no foundation under it,
half a dozen panes of glass out, a poor
stove, cracks in the floor, the plasterin'
off in three or four places, so that the
wind blows right in; the out-houses
without roofs, and their sides half torn
off, and I don't knrw what else ; and I'm
on my way now to call a meetin' of the
board to fix things up, and if they aren't
better'n they are now inside of a week,
why my name ain't Paul Jones, that's all,
and if ever I hire a teacher for any rea
son except because he's the man for the
place, it'll be because I get fooled.
And at the section corner they splashed
away from each other at a right angle.
Jones to call the board together, and
Duval to tell a reporter of Jones' dream
and its results.
Good Manners and Equal Right.
If yon pay half-a-dollar for admission
to a concert or any other entertainment
you have a right to the undisturbed en
joyment of that which you pay for; and
persons who come tramping into the
room while the entertainment is in prog
ress, or who go tramping out before it is
concluded, or who by bustle and whis
pering prevent you from hearing what
you came to hear, are robbing you of
that which belongs to you. These per
sons would not, of course, steal half -a
dollar out of your pocketbook, but if
they willfully spoil that which cost you
half-a-dollar, their act is essential lar
ceny. Well bred persons never do any
of these things, because well bred per
sons are always careful to respect the
rights of others.
If you pay for one seat in a railway
car you are entitled to that one seat; but
if you occupy two seats, while any de
cent person who has paid for one seat
has no seat at all, you are simply rob
bing that person of what belongs to him.
The writer of this not long ago saw a
well dressed lady sit for an hour and
look in the face of an equally well
dressed man who stood during all that
time aud held a young child in his arms
because there was no vacant seat in the
car save one in which this lady had
placed some small parcels of hers, and
which she did not offer to relinquish.
The man had paid for the seat, and it
belonged to him.' The lady had not paid
for the seat and it did not belong to her.
She would have been greatly insulted if
she had been called a robber, but what
was she doing? In some way she ought
to have been delicately admonished
that to take what does not belong to
her is not one of the rights ef woman,
and that it is evidence of a lack of good
You secure, by the payment of a good
round sum, a berth in a sleeping car.
That should entitle you to immunity
from disturbance by your fellow passen
gers. Unhappily it does not always.
Not long ago a train stopped at midnight
in a large town at the West where it was
to remain for twenty minutes. Into the
sleeping car of that train came three
passengers, two males and a female. It
appeared that they had just met in the
station, and on entering the car they
were exchanging loud greetings. They
sat down in one of the sections and went
on with their conversation, without any
lowering of their tones. The porter of
the car was absent while the train waited
in the station, and after he returned he
seemed to be too timid to rebuke the
talkers, so they kept on for the best part
of an hour, talking and laughing much
louder after the train started than before.
The fact that there were a dozen other
passengers in that car, all of whom were
in their berths, and all of whom had pur
chased a right to sleep in the car, was a
fact of which they were utterly oblivious.
Yet these persons evidently belonged to
what is called good society. Their lan
guage was grammaticel, their dress was
faultless, and one of the males was a
clergyman. Good Company.
Preaching. The great French preach
ers used to write and learn their sermons
by heart, like the Greek orators of old,
and one at least of the most eloquent ex
tempore preachers in the Church of
England at the present day is said to do
the same. Others might find the pre
paration of notes sufficient, perhaps com
mitting to memory certain critical
passages, as is the habit of some of our
greatest Parliamentary orators; not but
there is a danger in trusting too much to
purpurei ptrnni. Every one has heard
the story of an ambitious yonng
preacher, who had been discoursing be
fore Rowland Hill; and who afterward
pressed the great man to tell him which
passage in his sermon had struck him
most. "Sir," was the prompt reply,
"what pleased me most was your
f assage from the pulpit to the vestry."
A wealthy man who lived in Chester
field, Va., had two sons, Tom and Jack,
both fond of playing poker, but Jack was
very sharp at the game and Tom very
flat. When the old man died he left
Tom 860,000 and Jack only 1000, but he
explained at the foot of his will that
??KK)0 waywit stake-enough for Jack to
win everything' that Tom had; and it
was a wise provision, for so it turned
ont.. . -
Continued improvement is reported
from all parts of England in the most
important industries of the country.
Ship-building on the Tyne and Tees is
active: The wages of colliers, miners
tend iron workers have been rrised, ane
the railroad employes are asking for an
nKfvairoe. The timber trade is particu
larly bride in the north of England1
is a patient in one of the New
pspitals, in his delirium, con-
ills out, ".Nest! next!" . l'ne
I are atadecided whetherhe is a
(rofessof or a barler. M
Xapoleon's American Dream.
The following deeply interesting
account, never before given to the
public, of the escape of King Joseph
from Prance, and his voyage to
America, was communicated to the
author by JRudulpli Mail lard, of San
Rafael, Ca!., the son of Louis Alail
liard, the devoted secretary and most
confidential friend of the ex-King:
A few hours before embarking on
the French brig which was to take
him to United States, Joseph sent
Mailliard to the Emperor, with a let
ter urging again his brother to ex
change places and make his escape
from France in Joseph's vessel. But
Napoleon replied verbally to the'
messenger: "Tell my brother that
I have well considered his offer, and
that I cannot accept it. It would
seem like flj'ing away from danger;
besides I could not leave behind me
so many brave officers, who have
sacrificed everything for me. Tell
my brother that I hope he will
escape the cruisers of England and
Joseph on receiving this last an
swer sailed immediately for America.
Had Napoleon accepted, he would
probably have reached New York
safely, as every precaution had been
taken to avoid detection. The ves
sel selected was a small, common
looking brig, the Commerce, of '200
tons, loaded with a cargo of Bor
deaux wines for a market. She was
a fast sailer and was strongly built,
and was commanded by a skillful
captain, Mcsservey, a Swede by
birth. Although three times on the
high seas the brig was stopped and
searched by English frigates which
were on the lookout for Napoleon,
the passports and papers of the pas
sengers on boa'.'d had been so care
fully prepared under fictitious names
that they were not discovered. The
captain of the brig did not even
know who they were until a few
days after Joseph had landed in New
The newspapers having published
an account of his successful escape,
and given the name of the vessel, the
Captain could hardly contain him
self, and called at ouce upon Louis
Mailliard, who assured him that it
was true and presented him in all
formality to King Joseph. "But
why did you not tell me?" said he,
"I never would have betrayed him."
Mailliard had to explain to him that
it was thought best to conceal the
real names and positions of his pas
sengers for fear that he might have
shown some hesitation or less assur
ance when boarded by the English
officers. "I think you were right,"
said the Captain; "I would have
sunk my vessel rather than let them
come on board; you were right!"
Joseph was much amused by his
demonstration of Bonapartisni, and
sent him a very handsome present to
show that he had appreciated his
treatment on board.
It is well known that some years
prior to the final abdication of Napo
leon, the contingency of his being
forced to abandon France and seek
refuge in America sometimes pre
sented itself to his mind. The late
Esquire Edward liobbins staled to
the author that Louts Mailliard re
lated to him that once, when the
Emperor was speaking upon this
subject in the presence of Joseph and
some of bis officers, he unrolled a
map of the United States, and placing
his finger upon a spot in New
Jersey, said, in substance: "If I am
ever forced to fly to America, I shall
settle somewhere between Philadcl
phia and New York, where I can re
ceive the earliest intelligence from
France by ships arriving at either
port." This idea probably governed
the Count in his location. Wood
ward's Bonaparte's Park.
Delightful Sensations op Hanging. -A
remarkable accident, which came close
to being fatal in its consequences, is re
ported to have happened yesterday morn
ing to a lad living at 660 Columbia street.
The boy is about 11 years old, and named
Doyle. Young Doyle went out into the
back yard and was waiting for a boy
named Hughes to come over with a pig
eon, with which they were to have some
fun. In the yard was a revolving circu
lar clothes-line, with arms, and which
stood on a platform. Yonng Doyle was
on the platform, and was whirling the
clothes-rigging around, when a section
of the line dropped down, and catching
the lad around the neck, lifted him clean
from his feet. He was unable to get
down, and hung there in mid-air, as it
were. The position was one of extreme
peril. Slowly the lad was choking to
death. It would not have required a
moment's more time to have converted
him into a corpse. Fortunately, as it
turned out, a little girl of Mrs. Hughes,
living next door, happened out and saw
the boy hanging in the manner described.
She ran in and alarmed her mother, who
hastened out and took the little fellow
down. It was just in time, too. He was
partly unconscious when rescued, but
speedily recovered. The only unpleas
ant reminder now of his narrow escape
from a singular death is a red ring around
his neck, where the rope clung to it, and
a sunken look to the eyes. The lad. in
describing his f eeli igs,said he felt splendid-"
just as thov.gh he was way, way
up iflffche sky, and just sailing in the air."
Etmi,a, N. Y. Gazette..
Nonce in I .oca Column. 20 cents per Hue,
Transient advertisements, per xjuareof 12
lines. Nonpareil measure. $2 50 lor Orsl, and Si
for each snbacq-ieut icaertt u iu AbVANCK'
L' gal adveriisen en's charged as transient,
and mcst be pmiil iu upon t-xnirxllou No
charge for publisher's ultl.lavit of. publication.
Yearly aovrtisc in u:.i on liberal lerma.
I'lotessional CKids ( I .(j'larc ) S i per annum.
All notices H .d Hdvt-r.isxnittuta intended for
publication sbuui.l Iih li .uded tn by no n n
A Chapter of the Late War.
The year 1861 closed gloomily for the
cause of the Union. The army of the
Potomac under McClellan had not made
the expected move; Mason and Slidell
had been surrendered; Congress was
surrounded with the greatest difficulties.
Early in 1862 Burnside's fleet was
wrecked; and Cameron's resignation
made room for a new Secretary of War,
of whose capacity and energy the people
had no accurate knowledge. Great ex
pectations were entertained of important
movements and successes in what was
popularly called the West, but of what
might be planning or happening in the
far West, in those remote Territories
which were not even correctly laid down
on the maps, not one person in one
hundred thousand, from the President
down, had a thought or a care; though
a most anxious solicitude would not
have been misplaced, as shall forthwith
Surveying further the situation in the
far South and West, we find in the first
place that the Rebels had completepos
session of the great State of Texas.
Twiggs had traitorously surrendered all
the troops under his command, with
forts, arms, ammunition and supplies of
kinds, and many of the men had been
paroled. This vast region afforded an
admirable base for extended military
operations, and it was not long before
advantage was sought to be taken of it,
in the autumn of 1801. It was somewhat
as follows that the Confederate leaders
argued the matter.
Assuming that they could hold their
own east of the Mississippi, a move could
be made westward of that river having
every promise of success, and which, if
successful, would give immense material
and moral advantage to the South. The
plan was nothing less extensive than the
capture dPCaliforiiia, and the subjection
of five other States and Territories.
For the execution of this brilliant en
terprise the programme was simple. A
powerful column should inarch by El
Paso into New Mexico, defeat or flank
Canby at Fort Craig, and occupy Santa
Fe. Next would come Fort Union, con
taining an admirable arsenal and supply
depot fitted in good reason by Floyd with
a most convenient stock of arms, ammu
nition and stores. Thence the march
northward would be easy, and the prizes
would full rapidly into the hands of the
troops. Indians and Mormons were
probable and valuable allies. The sure
result could hardly fail to be the com
plete and speedy control of a rich State,
a splendid sea coast, and forts from
which men- of-war and privateers could
issue to sweep the Pacific. This would
hasten recognition by European natiens,
would lead to the breaking of Ihe
Atlantic blockade by England and
France, and then the end would soon
What, then, were the weak points in
the plan? They were three. First, the
Rebels made the mistake, which they
repeated over and over again, of attach
ing importance to the support to come
from disaffected people and districts
where the general sentiment was loyal.
Second, they were hopelessly misled
about the sentiments of the Mexican
population of New Mexico, and forgot or
ignored the animosity born years before
of the Texan Santa Fe expedition, and
still deeply ranking. Third, they made
a fatal miscalculation in underrating the
stern patriotism, the unflinching courage
and the fierce energy of the men who
were laying the foundation of our "Cen
tennial State" of Colorado while bra ing
privation and hardship in searchv fo
gold. That these events were not known
and have not since been known in the
East is hardly surprising, in view of the
fact that other matters of transcedent
importance, far nearer home, were con
temporaneous with them. Fort Henry
was taken on February 6th, Roanoake
Island on February 8th, and Fort Donel
son on February 16th. The battle of
Pea Ridge on March 8th. The Monitor
fought the Merimac on March 9th, aud .
the great engagement at Shiloh occurred.
on April 6th and 7th. Probably nojjjogCJfT'-
in ten thousand suspected that sMpJr'ft
threatening movement was making in the . -rear
of our armies; and it would " have
been equally surprising and terrible to
have heard suddenly that a junction had
been effected by the Rebels with the
Mormons, and that mischief had already
leen done which could be repaired-, if at
all, only at the cost of hundreds lives
and millions of money. Insteadof this,
ihe bright days of May saMBpy, dis
heartened and demoralized-,- resting at
that same Fort Bliss from which he had
marched with fell purposed four months
before. The valley of thV Rio Grande
would know him no more, and he dou bt
less sought his accustomed consolation
in the flowing bowl. International Itc-view.
Happiness is Comparative. There is
a very touching little story told of a poor
woman with two children, who had not a
a led for them to lie upon, and scarcely
any clothes to covej: them. In the depth
of winter they were nearly frozen, and
the mother took the door of a cellar off
the hinges and set it up before the corner
where they crouched down to sleep, that
some of the draft and cold might be kept
from them. One of the children whis
pered to her, when she (lamedoJ
how badly off they were, ' "Mother,
what do those dear little children do who
have no cellar door to put in front of
them?" Even there, you see, the little
heart found cause for thankfulness.
A Fort Madison man went into his cow
i.. fiw, . , !,..! Aifit- and. bv mistake.
. v.. ... v. v.. v - ....... -."ys, , .
- j i .. -rJ v,ial. in ft linv full
. ... ml
stead of bran. inecow,
fma the nam times nau
ir wAi-c all troin2r LoC
atn her SU11D
thenext morning, when
cow she let down halt.
nentine. a quart of
bundle of laths.
Paper bricks ar
i lighter and moc