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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
I'OL. XXXVIII NO. 32.
Entered at Portland (Orefon)
Postofrice a F-cond-Class Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 10, 1019.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
HAIL LABOR S FLAW
Opposition in Congress Is
United by Message.
FIGHT, SAYS REPORT
RUSSIAN REDS DECLARED TO
BE SHORT OF Ml'.MTIOXS.
TO ATTEMPT COUP
HUNS WOULD BLOWUP
THEIR AIRSHIP FLEET
TABLET TO FIRST
TELL STORY " S
ON RISING PRICES
WRECK OF ZEPPKLIXS HELD
PREFERABLE TO SURRENDER.
S V. . ad the in-
BROTHERHOOD THREAT BARED
; Wilson Credited With Nipping
BOLDNESS WINS APPROVAL
Labor Leaders, Confident Because
of Success In 1916, Shown to
Have Overestimated Power.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Aug. 9. Leaders of the great
Railroad brotherhoods picked them
selves up today, wounded and sore
but thoughtful, after the derailment of
yesterday. President Wilson's obser
vations in his message relative to the
threatened strike and his vague refer
ence to the Plumb plan of railroad op
eration had the effect of tearing up 20
miles of track and six bridges ahead of
Mr. Plumb. It was all unexpected.
The brotherhood leaders had been
trying to "rush" congress all week to
adopt the Plumb plan, threatening
strikes and revolutions if the nation's
lawmakers did not surrender. To some
extent the brotherhoods traveled along
smoothly, except for obstructions put
on the track during the week by Sena
tor Thomas of Colorado and Repre
sentative Webster of Washington state.
Lnlior'n Threats Exposed.
Senator Thomas accused the railroad
labor organizations of treason and Rep
resentative Webster put several most
embarrassing questions to Frank Mor
rison, secretary of the ' American Fed
eration of labor, while Mr. Morrison
was testifying before the house com
mittee on interstate .and foreign com
merce which is investigating the entire
problem of needed railroad legislation.
After Mr. Morrison and Mr. Plumb had
disclaimed any attempt to cajole con
gress or members of congress. Repre
sentative Webster, who is the only
member of the interstate and foreign
commerce committee from west of the
Missouri river, read one of several hun
dred letters in which he was threatened
with political extinction if he .did not
get behind government ownership.
The daring with which the brother
hood leaders were proceeding to com
pel the adoption of their revolution
ary plan was unquestionably inspired
by . the confidence President Wilson
had placed in them. They felt assured
at least that he would put nothing in
"their way. It was, therefore, not sur
prising whon some of the officers of
the railroad organizations from seats
in the house gallery heard these words
from the President's own lips:
Brotherhood Leaders Misled.
"Threats and undue insistence upon
the interest of a single class make settlement-
The surrender of September, . 1916,
when the Adamson bill was passed at
the direction of the White House to
stave off a threatened strike and save
an election, and the subsequent action
of William G. McAdoo, former director
general of railroads. In surrendering to
every wage demand without regard for
the interest of any other class of work
ers, has misled the brotherhood lead
ers into the belief that they were ab-to'-ute
masters of both the political
and economic situations in this coun
, try. The result was that they simply
ran wildly down the track until yes
terday, when the president suddenly
stepped in front of them. The effect
of the president's remarks has been
to bolster up the courage of his fol
lowers in both houses of congress, who
all through the week had been un
willing to commit themselves on
(Concluded on Page 20. Column 3.)
VJQH KEPT Hin AH
Persian and Turkestan Mohamme
dans Rise l"p Against Bolshevikl
Conscription Is Resented.
LONDON, Aug. 9. (By the Associated
Press.) The bolshevikl are suffering
a shortage of munitions and have been
obliged to cease operations against the
troops of Admiral Kolchak, head of the
all-Russian - government at Omsk.
Advices to this effect were Received
here toda-. r.
LONDON, Aug., ; 9. The-' Mohamme
dans of nofctheasterj! Persia and Turke
stan are rising agaipst the bolshevikl
because of ' resentment over conscrip
tion, according to dispatches from Sim
WHALING TO BE FILMED
Operation of Bay City Plant Will Be
Shown in Movies.
ABERDEEN. Wash., Aug. 9. (Spe
cial.) A prominent film company has
sent an operator to the Bay City sta
tion of the American-Pacific Whaling
company to film the operation of the
Pictures will show the firing of the
harpoon from the whaling vessel and
the entire process of transformation of
the whale into oil, . whalebone, and
canned whale beef.
FAIR WEEK IS' PREDICTED
Normal Temperature Forecast for
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. Weather
predictions for the -week beginning
August It follows:
Northern Rocky mountains and plat
eau regions Normal temperature and
generally fair except that occasional
showers are probable first half of w,eek.
Pacific states Generally fair and
normal temperature. -
NAVY INVENTOR HONORED
Rear-Admiral Fiske Gets Medal lor
His Torpedo Plane.
NEW YORK, Aug. 9. The gold medal
of the Aero Club of America has been
awarded to Rear Admiral Bradley A.
Fiske, U. S. N., retired, according to an
announcement made by the board of
governors today. The announcement
said that the award was made for the
admiral's invention of tho torpedo
plane which was used' effectively dur
ing the war. - ' ."
GOTHAM RAIL STRIKE OFF
Agreement Is Reached Between Men
and Receiver of Line.
NEW YORK, Aug. 9. The striked
which for four days hah paralyzed traf
fic on the surface, subway and elevated
lines of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit
company, was called off tonight.
An agreement had been reached be
tween representatives of the strikers
and Lindley M. Garrison, receiver -for
ALIENS LEAVE FOR WINE
Italians and Portuguese Cannot En
dure American Prohibition.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 9. Giving
prohibition as their reason, an average
of 100 foreign-born persons daily are
applying for permits to return to their
native lands, according to customs of
A majority of those applying are said
to be Italians and Portuguese.
FOOD CONTROL RESUMED
Britain Once More to Distribute
Pork Products Imported.
LONDON, Aug. 9. George H. Roberts,
food controller, announced last night
that the government had decided to re
sume control of the supply and distribu
tion of imports of bacon, ham and lard.
The prices to be charged, he said,
would also be under supervision.
ifPP QiE p
Federal Agenciesloin in
CONGRESS READY TO MOYE
Prompt Action Promised on
32 ARRESTS AT PITTSBURG
Farmers Accused or Profiteering.
Department of Justice Forces
Are to Act.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. Tangible re
sults from the investigation of hoard
ing and profiteering Initiated by Attorney-General
Palmer are expected to de
velop in the immediate future as the
result of an order today directing the
entire secret service of the bureau of
Investigation to assist vthe forces now
at work trying to uncover instances in
which the public has been gouged by
the illegal control of prices.
Officials of the department of justice
said reports from many sections of the
country showed the search for evidence
of extortion in the necessities of life
was proceeding vigorously and it was
indicated that many prosecutions might
Announcement also was made today
that congress would proceed promptly
with legislative measures recommended
by President Wilson in his address
yesterday as necessary to stop the
"vicious practices" which have been
largely responsible for the rising cost
Republican Leaer Mondell said in the
house that appropriations would be
made at once to enable the government
departments to attack the" problem,
and Chairman Haugen announcer, .nat
the agriculture committee would begin
hearings Monday on legislation to con
trol the time foods could be held in cold
Federal Lleeaae Discussed
The senate .interstate, commerce com
mittee dLscussed suggestions of. .the
president that Interstate shipment of
necessities be controlled by a licensing
commission, and Chairman Cummins
announced that he would appoint a sub
committee Monday to recommend such
legislation as it should decide was nec
essary. There were indications at the White
House that President Wilson might let
the high cost of living pair with the
league of nations speaking tour of the
country which he soon is to make. '
At Pittsburg, Pa., 32 farmers were
arrested under state law on charges of
At Cincinnati, O., the county grand
jury reported evidence of both hoard
ing and profiteering.
At Sacramento, Cal., the president of
the city commission invited the people
to join with him and federal agencies
in a profiteer hunt.
Court proceedings against profiteers
in milk were promised by the federal
attorney in Tacoma, Wash.
- House Adjourns to Tuesday.
Mr. Mondell suggested that the house
adjourn until Tuesday because of a
"lack of imperative business." This
led to a protest from the democrats,
after, former Speaker Clark had an
nounced that every democratic member
would be notified to return to Wash
ington as quickly as possible.
After further debate adjournment
was taken until Tuesday.
The senate was not in session today,
but the president's recommendations
for legislation to regulate the Inter
state shipment of necessities of life
were considered at a conference of
members of the senate interstate com
merce committee. Chairiian Cummins
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 1.)
NEWS TOPICS OF THE WEEK ILLUSTRATED BY CARTOONIST PERRY.
, : -ri? section 3, of the
J"ry. VM forthcoming publ i-,..-"
'J nation in The Ore-''tZ-
gonian of Luden
, orff's "story of the
SJ-r-i Vr&SZ i T.itflannvff
t ....... i. r
W - il' i i A
' j.",';' man government's
"The U-boat war
fare was justified."
did not back up the German
"The German government
thought more of making peace -than
of making war."
"Germany's situation was seri
ous from the start; it was crit
ical long before she collapsed
"AustriatHungary was a bur
den' and not a help to Germany."
"Germany'had no inkling of
"BernharuTs book should never
have been written."
"Lloyd George, Clemenceau,
Woodrow Wilson were great
statesmen greater than any
who came to the fore in the
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTER DAT S Maximum temperature, SI
degrees; minimum, 54 degree.
TODAY'S Fair and warmer; . gentle west
Bolshevikl, short of munitions, discontinue
fight against Kolchak, Is report. Sec-
tign 1, page 1.
Rumania expected to make vigorous defense
of her Hungarian, policy. Section 1,
Huns reported planning to destroy their air
ship fleet. Section 1, page 1.
German royatiats to attempt coup. Is radical
report. Section 1, page i.
Haeckel, German evoludonint, dead. Sec
tion 1, page 1!.
One hundred million people In central Eu
- rope reported near starvation. Section
J, raa 7.
Republican victories worry democrats. Sec
tion 1, page 6.
Panama nr- sure! -of-American protection
ofoUs : JJj't upend ens.-- Section "1." 'jfage &.
Union leader deny intent to coerce public
Into support of railroad-control plan.
Section 1, page 4.
Whole country takes up fight on rising
prices. Section 1, pae 1.
Ch lea pro and Penv-r stockyard men to re
turn to work Monday. Section 1, page 2".
Fleet maneuvers as it proceeds northward.
Section 1, page 0.
Squadron of nine biplanes to start coast-to-coast
flight. Section 1, page 2.
Two thousand shopmen go bark to work at
Baltimore. Section 1, page 4.
Veterans, seeking aid for school studies,
must give history of service. Section 1,
Salem schools praised. Section 1, page 0.
Mid-Columbia apple crop to be worth nearly
$."5,000,000. Section 1, page 10.
Idaho statesmen foresee realignment as liberal-conservative
parties of railway men
win demands. Section 1, page 11.
Curley calls Joe Stecher best wrestler of tb-
day. Section 'J, page 1.
Phil Neer captures northwest men's singles
tennis championship. Section 2. page 1.
Pacific Coast league results: Portland 7,
Seattle (12 innlngs; Vernon 10. Pan
Francisco R; Sacramento 5. Salt Iake 1 ;
Oakland 5, Los Angeles 1. Section 2,
Beavers to arrive Tuesday for series with
Oakland.. Section 2, page 2.
Oregon to watch outcome of trapshoot at
Chicago. Section 2, page 3.
Phil Neer and Jack Wright to leave for
eastern tennis tournament. Section 2,
Portland casters stage comeback at tourna
ment. Section 2. page 3.
Suspension of Carl Mays stirs hornet's nest
in New York, press. Section 2, page 4.
Seven Portland oarsmen to leave Thursday
for international regatta. Section 2,
Commercial and Marine.
No storage premiums will be addad to basic
wheat prices at present. Section 2,
Wall-street sentiment favorably affected by
president's address. Section 2. page 22.
Mrs. Olcott christens West Harland. launched
by Columbia Kiver shipyard. Section 2,
Crown Prince Said to Be
Hiding in Fatherland.
MILITARY DICTATOR WANTED
Monarchists Plot Reported by
DEMOBILIZATION IS SLOW
Recrultlnjr of Volunteers Rapid and
War Materails Thrown to
. North and East.
BY CYRIL. BROWN.
(Copyright by the New York World. Pub
lished by arrangement.)
. BERLIN, Aug. 9. (Special Cable.)
According to a report which cannot be
confirmed but is current and credited
in radical quarters, the crown prijflco
has secretly returned. to Germany ind
everything: has been prpared for a mil
itary monarchist coup d'etat In about a
week. It is said that he has been
lying lo 'yincognlto for the last ten
days somewhere in Silesia.' waiting for
the signal for a counter revolution to
Inside information, as the radicals
assert, Is that the plan is. first, to pro
claim a military dictatorship under
General Lettow Vorbeck, as a prelimi
nary to the restoration of the Hohen-
zollern dynasty. Germany still has an
army of more than 2,000,000 men, count
ing the Baltic troops, radicals declare,
and Noske. they say. will play along
with the military leaders, whose ambi
tious plans nclude an offensive against
soviet Russia with the objective of
connecting; up with Kolchak's army.
They whisper that an alliance between
Germany's militarists and Kolchak has
already been concluded.
find lea 1 to "Act Wisely."
The radicals, who believe the. over
turn in Hungary will serve to acceler
ate monarchlal reaction In Germany,
and who expect a counter revolution
to break "sooni say that Germany's radi
calized labor is prepared for the event
uality and will "act wisely," although
they." are unwilling to commit them
selves as to whether the counter revo
lution will be met by a fresh revolu
tion. Curiously, while Germany's army
must be cut to the quick within the
next few weeks under the peace terms,
recruiting for volunteer formations is
still going on actively. It Is also said
that reserves of war materials are still
being thrown eastward, particularly
into the Baltic region, while the army
continues to be maintained on a mobil
ized war footing.
Reports from Weimar also Indicate
that Germany will make a formal ef
fort to stall about reducing the army
on the plea, on the one hand, that the
200,000 troops permitted by the treaty
are not sufficient to maintain order,
and, on the other hand, that the coun
try would be gravely menaced by sud
denly throwing hundreds of thousands
of soldiers and officers out of their
army jobs with no other employment
available and will ask the allies to
modify the peace terms so as to permit
a larger standing army, at least tem
porarily. Small Army to Collect Tnxe,
At the same time the authorities are
making elaborate plans for finding em
ployment for large numbers. Discharged
officers can be taken care of In po
litical state jobs, as the new taxation
laws alone will require at least 50,000
new tax officials to enforce them. An
other plan is an elaborate Colonization
scheme' involving the carving up of
the larger German agricultural estates,
making allotments to discharged of
ficers and men.
Allied Commission Created to Co to
Germany and Prepare to Take
Possession of Craft.
(Copyright by tho Xer York World. Pub
lished by arrangement.)
LONDON. Aug. 9. (Special Cable.)
In the British and other allied services
there is a suspicion that the Germans
may attempt to blow up their Zep
pelins and other airships rather than
surrender them according to the terms
of the peace treaty. An allied commis
sion has been created to go to Germany
as soon as peace is ratified by the
three signatories, to make preparations
for taking possession of- the airships
The World and Oregonian corre
spondent learns that the United States
will be represented on this commission
by naval and military experts. It Is
expected that some members of the
commission will arrive at the Cologne
headquarters tomorrow or Monday.
In some German newspapers recently
there liave been suggestions that Ad
miral von Reuter's dramatic scuttling
of the German high seas fleet should be
duplicted in disposing of the aerial
fleet. It Is known that pan-German In
fluences are at work trying to bring
about the explosion of the great Zep
pelins over the Baltic sea by means
of time fuses.
As most of the big airship sheds are
near the Baltic this could be done
easily. But to explode them in their
hangars would probably do heavy dam
age to life and property, as was the
case during the war, when one Zep
pelin blew up in Its shed and caused
the explosion or two others in sheds
more than half a mile away. Many
men were killed.
DOUGHNUTS TO COST MORE
All Forms of Pastry Will Advance
2 0 Per Cent Monday.
SrOKAN'K, Wash.. Aug. 9. (Special.)
Bakery sweet goods, including sweet
rolls, doughnuts, snails, neckties, pies
and cakes, will advance approximately
20 per cent Monday when the 1-cent
Increase In bread prices goes Into ef
fect. ' "
Maintaining that the price of such
commodities has been even lower than
bread in proportion to the cost, whole
sale and retail dealers alike declared
today, in announcing the rise, that all
firms have been attempting to curtail
this side of their business, and that it
was a question of raising prices or do
ing away with the manufacture of pas
try. PERSHING NOT RECALLED
Washington Denies That G'eneral
Has Recti Summoned Home.
PARIS. Aug." 9. A report was cur
rent in Paris today Mhat General
Pershing had been recalled suddenly
to the U.nited States, but it met with
no confirmation. It was stated at the
general's office that no one there was
aware of any change in his plans.
General Pershing, in fact, is on his
way to Belgium to visit King Albert.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. Secretary
Baker and General March, chief of
staff, said today they knew nohting of
any order recalling General Pershing
to the United States. White House
officials said they had not been advised
that such an order had gone forward.
BELGIUM TO RUN FARMS
Devastated Laud After Reclamation
to He Returned to Peasants.
BRL'SSKLS. Aug. 8. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) The Belgian govern
ment has undertaken a vast project for
reclaiming the devastated farm landp
In the battle zone. The farms will be
taken over from their owners and
worked under the latest scientific
principles and then returned in first
class condition to them.
The owners will receive 5 per cent
interest on the pre-war valuation of
the property during the operation by
Oregon City Monument to
STIRRING DAYS ARE RECALLED
Papers on Problems Before
- Newspapers Are Read.
POWER OF PRESS SHOWN
Speakers Call on Writers to Preserve
Their Ideals and to Have
Faith in Civilization.
Members of the National Editorial
association party and editors from manv
points in the Pacific northwest who
had come to Portland for the meeting
of the association here, spent a busy
day yesterday, combining the business
of the opening session of the 1919 con
vention with the pleasure of the enter
tainment as arranged for by the gen
eral committee in charge.
During the morning and early after
noon business sessions were held at
the Kiks' building, while a feature of
the entertainment was a visit to Ore
gon City late yesterday for the dedica
tion of a monument erected in honor
of the first newspaper published west
of the Rocky mountains, the Oregon
Spectator. Last night the visitors met '
at the Portland Chamber of Commerce
for a dinner tendered by three Portland
daily newspapers. The Oregonian, Even,
ing Telegram, and News.
J'lrnt Paper Ik Honored.
The ceremony at Oregon City was an
impressive one. editors from all sec
tions of the United States being pres
ent at the unveiling of the monument
dedicated to an Oregon newspaper
which began public action more than
70 years ago. It was on February 5.
ISifi. that tho first printed sheet of a
newspaper came from a press west of
the Kockjr mountains.
The publication of the paper had
been conceived by a group of Ore-
gonians. including prominent pioneer
residents of that time. W. G. T'VauIt
was president and editor of the pioneer
publication, while Governor George Ab
ernathy had been instrumental In se
curing the big hand press in New York
upon which It was printed and having
it transported to the west coast.
Monument la lnvel led.
At the ceremony Aaron Wait, grand
son of Aaron V. Wait. jurth editor of
the newspaper, unveiled' the monument,
assisted by Mrs. Guy U. Hardy of Canon
City. Colo., wife of the president of the
National Editorial association.
Brief addresses were made by W. P.
Hawley. president of the Hawley Pulp
& Paper company and donor of the
monument; Mrs. Eva Emery Dye, au
thor of a well-known work on early
Oregon history, "McLaughlin and Old
Oregon"; George H. Htmes. assistant
secretary of the Oregon Historical so
ciety; Mrs. Jennie Barlow Harding,
past regent of the Susannah Lee Bar
low chapter. Daughters of the Amer
ican Revolution, and President Guy U.
Hardy ot the National Editorial asso
ciation. I fig tier Outlook Hi!ru.ied.
A feature of the business session
was a scholarly paper read by Harvey
Ingram, editor of the Register, Des
Moines. Ia. Mr. Ingram's subject was
"The Larger Outlook," and his paper
was a, forceful presentation of the up
ward trend of civilization, in spite of
the fact that philosophers recently
have attempted to show that man Is
traveling in a circle, ultimately to re
turn to a condition of savagery.
"Be obedient to the heavenly vision,"
urged the speaker. "Although some
times it may seem that cruelty and
brute force are the predominant forces
In the world, history gives us faith that
, (Concluded on Page 8, Column 1.)