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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages It o24
VOL. XXXVIII XO. 33.
Entered at Portland (Oregon)
Potnfflce aa Sernd-C!es Mtttr.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 17, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
League Situation in Sen
ate Again Tense.
MARINES' ACTION SIGNIFICANT
Hissing of Senator Williams
Occasions Mo Surprise.
LANSING ALIBI COMPLETE
FrcTctarjr's Disclosure of How Little
He Knows About Treaty Softens
Would -Be Inquisitor.
OREGONIAX NEWS BUREAU,
Washington. Aug. 16. Newspaper
pages again are carrying news about
the league of nations, after giving way
for a few days to the Plumb-planned
win. .. i. i.... a nt Tri.
tent Wilson for action on the Desct
,h. ,ti,ir,i .i,..lo araln be-
cornea tense, with the senate opposition
to th. league of nations encouraged
. -k. . 1 j - v. lrA..malAn that
"" "J i" "
is coming to Washington from most of
the states west of 'the Mississippi.
This sttffening on the part of the op
position has caused the president to
alter his attitude in the last day or
two In an apparent determination to
resist any compromise. For days it
had been whispered about Washington
that the president was getting ready
to capitulate, and this report had low-
ered the morale of the league leaders
to a very noticeable degree. But today
it became known that President Wil
son, keenly annoyed by the growing
Impression that he had abandoned the
fight, had decided to present a bold
front to the enemy from now on.
Marine.' Aetloa Significant.
The hissing of Senator John Sharp
Williams by the audience in the senate
gallery Tuesday, when he undertook
"' to reply to Senator Henry Cabot Lodge,
is the outstanding incident of the week,
making a profound impression on per
aens on all Sides of the league question.
The tact that this manifestation, the
firjt of its kind ever witnessed In the
Inited States capltol, was led by a
group of "devil dogs" who helped to
turn the Germans back at Chateau
Thierry, has been pointed to by op
ponents of the league of nations as tes
tifying to the antagonism of America's
returned defenders to the covenant
f.amed In Paris.
Couptfng this manifestation with the
pronounced demonstration of approval
given by the same audience, led by the
time marines, to Senator Lodge when
he concluded his address denouncing
the main features of the league pact,
the significance would seem to be cor
There Is another way to analyse It.
Ia the first place. Senator Williams
was unfortunate In toe opening lan
guage of his repiy. It Is not surprising
that the occupants of the gallery should
feel that the Mississippi senator was
trying to insult them aa well as Senator
Lodge. The manifestation of derision
was predicated on both concluslona
The Mississippi senator referred to the
Lodge speech aa having been prepared
"with a view to capturing the senate
aad galleries, whose occupants hare
coma by announcement to hear him to
day. and then Senator Lodge waa ac
cused of attempting to "make a show
It will be granted that in those re
marks there was sufficient to provoke I
aoch aisapprovai rrom me galleries, t
tCticiad4 ea Ps 2. Column 1.)
....................................................................................... ............... ................... -... ....
J SOME NEWS TOPICS OF THE WEEK AS VIEWED BY CARTOONIST PERRY. . j
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NEW YORK CAR LINES
TO BE TIED UP TODAY
19,000 MEX CALLED OCT OX
SfBWAY AXD ELEVATED.
Trainmen's Strike at Los Angeles
Brines Paralysis of City and
EW YORK. Aa-. 1T-Rfrhar4 1-7-a.
supreme eanrt Justice, inmates' a
(emnorarr Injnnetla-n early tala Morn
ing mtralalas tdelala mt the Bralkcr.
kooa of laterbaroush Rapid Transit
roninany employes from Interfering
wlk operation mt the Iatrrnoronga
NEW YORK. Aug. IS. A strike.
which union leaders declared would
completely tie up the vast subway and
elevated systems of the Interborough
Rapid Transit company in Manhattan,
the Bronx and parts of Brooklyn and
Queens at" 4 o'clock tomorrow moraine.
was called tonight by P. J. Connolly,
acting; president of the Brotherhood of
nterborough Rapid Transit company
Corporation Counsel Burr and attor-
neys of the Interborougrh tonight wtrt
seeking; a supreme court justice who
would sign an order enjoining; union
officials from making the strike order
effective, but even If such an order
were obtained. It was admitted, there
was little hope of .blocking the walkout
Nineteen thousand men in 5- local
unions are affected.
LOS ANGELES. Aug. 18 As a result
of an order issued late today withdraw
railway and Pacific Electric railway
I rrom service at 8 o clock tonignt. loi
.joaepn 3 position was
carriers. The officials of the com-
K""1" "rv' discontinued in
l"e ,nl""l ol UD,,C Ealely H"a "
conserve the emergency crews placed
th. -a,.. ,,. h. ,.,,1,. nl.ffnrm
men walked out at 2 o'clock this morn
ing. The companies announced that
normal service will be maintained be
tween the hours of 8 A. M. and S P. M.
every day, but that night service will
be discontinued temporarily.
Mayor Snyder announced that he is
organising an arbitration board to con
fer with company officials and em
ployes in an effort to Bettle the strike.
He hopes, he stated, that the board may
start conferences Monday. "
The Pacific Electric men asked
guarantee of $140 monthly, and certain
increases which the company manage
ment said would result in an advance
of 0 per cent In its annual pay rolL
The street railway men asked a flat in
crease to 73 cents an hour and certain
other concessions. The streetcar men
are sow paid on a sliding scale from
41 to 47 cents an hour.
BARE LIM3S CAUSE RIOT
Pretty Girls WItbout Stockings Block
San Francisco Traffic.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 16. (Spe
cial.) Policeman Al Williams waded
through a surging crowd at "Mason and
Geary streets todiy and arrested Mar-
jorie Tyler and Jane McGee. two act-
reuses who brought the "bare limb"
fad to San Francisco. He charged them
with refusing to disperse.
And believe me, I could make the
charges 'Inciting a riot' wltho t hurt
ing my conscience a bit. ' Williams de
clared. "Those two girls hash up traf
fic worse than a parade."
The supporters of tlje "bare limb"
fad were released on their own recog
nisance by Matthew Brady, police
judge, as soon as their names were en
tered on the city prison register. They
will appear in the pol cj court Mon
day. 'COP' RESTS; IS SUSPENDED
Seattle Patrolman Gets Vacation for
Leaning Against Building.
SEATTLE. Wash.. Aug. 16. Patrol
man M. R. Clawson of the Seattle police
force Is enjoying a three-day vacation
because he leaned against a downtown
building while on duty.
Clawson la the first man of the po
lice department to feel the force of
Chief Joe Warren's recent order pro-
hlbltlng officers from leaning against
buildings or postal while on duty..
JOSEPH AS REGENT
New Hungarian Regime
CABINET NAMED BY ARCHDUK
Liberal Element Refuses Par
in His Government.
ALLIES FORBID ALL" LOOTING
Right to Exact Reparatfcm
BUDAPEST. via, Vienna. Aug. 16.
(By the Associated Press.) Paul Gar
ami, the socialist leader and othe
socialists announced today that they
would refuse to enter the new gov
ernment of Stephen Friedrich, unless
- ""'' BVa aoanuonea me re
stated by Premier Friedrich on an
nounclng the names of Martin Lovassy
" members of the new govern
ment as follows:
'Archduke Joseph makes no prom
Ises now, as his withdrawal would lead
to civil war.'
The new ministers expect to hold on
until a parliament Is elected, leaving
the ministries of commerce, welfare
and food open for the socialists when
ever they are willing to come in, al
though naming temporary occupants
for these posts.
Aadrassy Against Elections.
Count Julius Andrassy. foreign mln
Ister In the recent Lovassy cabinet, has
expressed himself In favor of recalling
the old parliament immediately, in
stead of trying to hold elections. The
new ministers will swear to serve as
long as there Is no constitutional gov
ernment, and also to recognize Arch
duke Joseph as "royal prfhee regent'
PARIS. Aug. 16. Archduke Joseph
replying to a statement -by the socialist
leader Garaml. outlining conditions un
der which the social democrats would
Join the government, is reported by the
Temps to have said that he would retire
from political life as soon as a cabinet
was definitely constituted, if necessary
and that In any case he would not ex
pect for himself the rights which might
give rise to the belief that he wished
to restore the monarchy.
Lovassy Friend of Entente.
The Temps says that Martin Lovassy,
foreign minister in the new cabinet, is
known to his compatriots as a "friend
of the entente."
BUDAPEST, via Berne, Aug. 16.
Archduke Joseph, the head of Hun
garian state, has appointed a new gov
ernment with Stephen Friedrich as
Martin Lovassy, who was premier of
the last cabinet. Is foreign minister
In the new government and Baron
Sigismund Perenyl Is minister of the
The remainder of the cabinet is made
up as follows:
Minister of finance. Dr. Johann
Minister of war. General Schnltzer.
Minister of justice. Georges Baloghy.
Minister of agriculture, Stefan Szabo.
Minister of religion and education,
Minister of health. Dr. C. Sillery.
Minister of national minorities. Pro
Ministers without portfolio. Stefan
(Continued on Page S, Column 1.)
GENERAL It DENDORFF-S
AMAZING STORY BEGINS IN
THE ORKt.OMA.V OF
L u d endorf f's
story of the world
V war. i r u in i u o
viewpoint of Ger
tl Kenerai an
-J eglst, is a revela
tion 1 n. Prussian
has been declared
to be the most ra
tion ever given to
tho public by one
of the principal
actors In the
drama that rocked
the globe and
It is the history
of Germany's side
In the war, told
by one most close
ly in touch with
the events of that period in the
p.ntral Tr i-r n i- h rnn i f 1 O fnr
J which the world h a s waited
DlilVO UIQ & B 0 U.L.lt nnu
hurled by the Hun in 1914.
Whatever views one may hold
of Germany defeated, of the men
who dictated her policies and di
rected her campaigns, the fact
remains beyond dispute that Lu
dendorff towered above his Prus
sian fellows In t h e strife for
world dominion, and that none is
better fitted to analyse and re
cord the circumstances which led
to the struggle, the bitter cam
paigns that ended in inglorious
defeat, and the Inwardness of the
German spirit as Germans inter
This remarkable narration,
without parallel in the history of
the press, will be presented to
the readers of The Oregonian in
serial form, beginning Septem
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 93
degrees; minimum, 63 decrees.
TODAY'S Showers and cooler; en tie west
Socialists Insist archduke step out as regent
of Hungary. Section 1, page 1.
Vienna loyalists buy oath of allegiance for
republic Section 1. page .
British agreement with Persia gives Britain
great advantages. Section 1, page 11.
Soldiers break up rioting In Ireland. Sec
tion 1, page 4.
Americans scoffing at new Parisian styles.
bection 1, page 3.
Constantinople's fate vital to Russia, says
William T. Ellis. Section 1, page 1.
Fight on high cost of living causes no thrills
in Washington. Section l, page 'Z.
Foodstuffs seized In several cities. Section 1.
Administration fighting to get treaty
through without amendment. Section
Wilson obdurate and opposition to peace
treaty grows. Section 1. page x.
Scandal revealed in grain corporation.
tion 1, page 9. .
New York car lines to be tied up by strike
today. Section 1. page 1.
Mw 'York stagehands and musicians walk
out in support of actors. Section 1,
Ten cowgirls will ride In Pendleton Round
up. Section 1. page 9.
Idaho plans special legislative session. Sec
tion 1, page .
Oregon Elks elect Harry G. Allen president;
convention closes, bection 1, page 10.
Seattle and Angels lose; Tigers In lead for
pennant. Section 2, page 1.
Annual golf tournament to open at Gearhart
tomorrow. Section 2, page 4.
urope's loss of athletes to postpone Olym-
lc games. Section 2, page .
Ty Cobb and Cravath hold leads. Section 2,
Southwest fair to be gala occasion. Section 2
War develops few stars on diamond. Sec
tion 3, page 2.
Commercial and Marine.
Portland to see merchant marine training
ship. Section 2, page zz.
Shipyards to give up surplus building sup
plies. Section 2, age 22.
Portland and Vicinity.
Ex-convlct's Insane love for Mrs. Freeman
is police theory of murder. Section 1,
Eight forest fires rag-in g uncontrolled In
Oregon. Section 1. page 10.
H. W. Stone administrative head of Y. M.
C. A. schools In U. . Section 1, page 15.
Wireless phone established on Mount Hood.
Section 1, page 14.
Treasury leak exposure only started, says
Kaste. Section 1, page 18.
Democrats hopeful that postmaster loses
calp after report of Inspectors is filed.
Section 1, page 19.
Commissioner Hoyt ridicules trouble over
gasoline bills. Section 1. page 4.
Devastated France described by John Ken-
drick Bangs. Section 2, page 6.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
2. page 22.
W ERS HI
NEW PEACE PLAN
Use of League Council to
PROMPT RATIFICATION ADVISED
Unknown Whether President
Would Fight to Finish.
SHANTUNG DEAL ASSAILED
Opposition to Concession to Japan Is
Stronger Than to Any Other
Feature of Pact.
WASHINGTON'. Aug. 16. Former
Attorney-General Wickersham in a
statement issued through the League
to Enforce Peace today called upon the
senate to ratify the peace treaty with
the league of nations covenant and
then prepare to perfect the document
by amendment through the assembly
and council of the league, in the same
manner as, he pointed out, the framers
of the constitution provided for its
amendment by the states.
Critics of the constitution, Mr.
Wickersham declared, opposed it be
cause it did not contain a bill of rights
protecting the liberties of the states
and the peoples and the concurrence of
some states notably New Tork and
Massachusetts was secured only by
promises that steps would be taken
for early amendments to overcome the
objections most strongly urged. The
first congress, the former attorney-gen
eral recalled, redeemed those promises
by submitting the first ten amend
ments, which have been characterized
as a bill of rights.
Provision Made for Amendment,
"The delegates to the peace confer
ence in Paris," declared Mr. Wicker
sham,.. "followed the example of the
framers . of the . constitution of the
United States by incorporating into the
covenant of the league of nations a
provision for its amendment by vote
of the members of the league whose
representatives compose the council
now nine in number anil by a majority
of the members whose representatives
compose the assembly." '
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16. As a sequel
to the White House conference yester
day between President Wilson and I
Senator Hitchcocx, administration lead
er In the senate treaty fight, it be
came apparent today that the admin
istration forces would center their
present effort on bringing the treaty
out of committee and defeating any
textual amendments, leaving in the
background any negotiations :relative
to final ratification with reservations.
. Resistance Is Stiffened.
Meantime republican senators de
clared one result of the negotiations of
the last few days and of Senator
Hitchcock's statements after be left the
president, had been to stiffen resistance
to any attempt at unreserved ratifica
tion and to increase the determination
of those who want the treaty amend
ed outright. The asserted yesterday's
poll had shown opposition to the Shan
tung provision growing stronger in the
face of the explanatory statements
from Tokio and from the White House
Re-negotiation la Tnreatened.
The .reported position of the presi
dent that any textual amendments
would send the treaty back for re
negotiation with Germany without any
military force to compel acceptance of
the American demands was taken as
largely forecasting the trend of the
amendment fight. It was understood
that feature would be emphasized by
Senator Hitchcock in a speech he is
(Concluded on Pare 7, Column 1.)
STAGEHANDS GO OUT
TO BACK UP ACTORS
MUSICIANS ALSO ASK STRIKE; 13
NEW, YORK THEATERS, SHUT.
Another House Is Added to Ust of
Closed at Chicago, on Ev6
of Injunction SnH.
NEW TORK, Aug.- 16. Stagehands
and musicians tonight stalked forth
from New York playhouses in sym
pathy with striking stars for whom
they previously had set the stage and
played the fiddle.
The step, taken on Broadway's busiest
night, created a sensation.
The news was received with cheers
at equity headquarters.
Century theater roof garden stage
hands and musicians were the next to
join the ranks of the strikers, bring
ing the number of houses closed to 15,
three more than last night.
F. G. Leemaster, secretary and treas
ury of the International Association of
Theatrical and Stage Employes and Ma
chine Onerators. stated tonight the
walkout had been ordered for the rea
son that "organized labor has adopted a
firm position in support of the actors
as a result of the threats of the man
agers to bring suit along the lines of
the Danbury hatters' case.
While stagehands and musicians of
only four theaters had walked out to
night, their leaders declared that
walkout would be ordered at other play
houses next Monday.
CHICAGO, Aug. 16. In the face of a
pending injunction suit, 15 members of
the company showing at the Woods
theater tonight joined the actors' strike,
A telegram received from New York
backed ud bv an order from k. N.
Nockels, secretary of the Chicago Fed
eration of Labor, caused the actors to
leave the Woods. That is the third
theater to be closed by the strike.
Nockels made an unsuccessful at
tempt to call out the performers at the
Woods and also at the Palace music hall
Today when the matter was called
to his attention, Judge Charles M.
Walker ruled that to strike during the
hearing of the injunction suits would
make the actors liable to punishment
for contempt of court.
AIRPLANE'S LETTER FOUND
Missile Dropped at Cottage Grove Is
Put in Postoffice.
COTTAGE GROVE, Or., Aug. 16.
(Special.) A -letter dropped . from an
airplane and which showed that it had
been exposed to the weather for some
time, was found Wednesday by C. M.
Reese. It was addressed to O. V.
Southworth, Parkerton, Wyo., and was
from R. A. Reed of St. Maries, Idaho.
The following was written on the face
of the envelope: "Dropped by Reed and
Prangborn en route from Sacramento
to Spokane." There was no date on the
outside of the envelope. .
The letter was dropped into the post
office by Mr. Reese after he had made
notation on the reverse . of the en
velope stating that' he had found it.
MILK DELIVERERS ASK $50
New Weekly Scale With Six-Hour
Day, Wagon Drivers' Demand.
NEW YORK, Aug. 16. Drivers of re
tail milk wagons in New York City
have formulated demands for $30 a
week and a six-hour day to be pre
sented to their employers when their
present contract expires, the last of
October, it was learned tonight.
The wholesale drivers will ask t55 a
week. At present retail drivers get
$33 a week and wholesale drivers S35.
FAIR WEATHER IS FORECAST
Normal Temperature Predicted for
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16 Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Monday, August 18, follow:
Northern Rocky mountain 'and pla
teau regions and Pacific states Normal
temperature and generally fair.
Ex-Convict's Letter to Mrs.
RETURN TO PRISON IS FEARED
Pofice Weave Web of Suspicion
SUSPECT SEEN IN WINDOW
Death of TT. C. T. XX. Worker At
tributed to Fear of Being Ex
posed for Improper Advances.
Clarence Johnson, paroled convict
from San Quentln prison and suspected
murderer of Mrs. Eunice W. Freeman,
W. C. T. U. worker, was seen burning
a towel in the kitchen stove at ths
home of Mrs. P. E. Cave, 625 Fourths
street, which he fiad taken from his
room at the Cave home at 2:30 P. M.
In the possession of Police Inspector
Goltz is a letter which Johnson wrote
to Mrs. Freeman under date of May
14, last, in which he admits having
made an improper proposal to his 68-
year-old benefactress, and in which ha
begged her forgiveness.
Between 3 and 4 o'clock Friday John.
son, dressed from head to feet in new
clothing and with his heavy black hair
cut short to his head as though seek.
ing to alter his identity, was seen hur-
rying from his boarding house to tha
Net of Suspicion Woven.
These material threads or evidence)
which were gathered in an all-day in.
vestigation yesterday lead police de
tectives to feel more certain than ever
that Johnson is guilty of the brutal
murder of Mrs. Freeman, at her home.
424 Fourth street, some time Friday.
Jr-ouce detectives believe the letter
which Johnson had written to Mrs.
Freeman to be the most important bit
of evidence on which to base a motive)
for the henious crime. It is their theory
that he either killed the woman in a fit
of insane jealousy, or that he beat her
to death because he feared she was go
ing to ask to have his parole from Saa
Quentln prison revoked.
From a thorough investigation oi!
the crime which included close ques
tioning from many persons in tha
neighborhood, including Mrs. Cave,
where Johnson had roomed and boarded
since leaving the Freeman home more.
than two months ago, detectives be
lieve the possible fear of a revocation
of his parole to be the most plausible
theory for the murder.
Mental Strain Apparent.
Johnson, it was : learned, left his
boarding house at about 6:30 A. M,'
Friday for the Columbia river shipyard,
where he was employed. He returned
shortly before 8 o'clock, going directly
to his room to change his clothes. He
told his landlady, Mrs. Cave, that he
was not feeling well and was going out
o see a doctor. He appeared to be un
der a mental strain.
At about 9 A. M. Friday, he was seen
leaving Mrs. Freeman's flat by Mrs.
Edward Tones, 274 Hall Street. Mrs.
Tones had met Johnson during the time
e lived at the Freeman home and wan
positive in her identification of the
It was also learned that a woman.
living in the Genevieve apartments.
Fourth and Hall streets, had seen a
man peering from behind the curtains
in the Freeman flat several times be
tween 8:30 and 9 A. M. Friday. She
thought it strange at the ime, as the
man's actions had been most unusual.
(Concluded on Page 12, Column 1.)