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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
vol. xxxviii no. ai.
Entered a t Portland (Ore con)
Postofflce as Second-Class Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUN
ORNING, AUGUST 3, 1919.
' PRICE FIVE CENTS.
THRONGS AT SEATTLE
SEE HERO HONORED
COST OF LIVING QM
CROIX DE GUERRE PIXXED OX
MR. ELLIOTT AND AVIATORS
MAKE TRIAL FLIGHT.
PETROGRAD'S 2,000,000 IS DE
CREASED TO 800,000.
TWO BOYS HELD AS
One Has Rifle of Size That
OREGON CHOICE FDR
PRESIDENT IS TUFT
Hughes Also Found to Be
Strong in State.
Duties at Home Neglect
ed Charge Solons.
HOLDING OF SUPPLIES ANGERS
Profiteers Declared Left to
'Romp at Will'; Action Urged.
WASHINGTON IN UGLY MOOD
Republicans and Democrats De
nounce Wilson for Ordering Con
gress to Slay on
OT.EGONIAXXKWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. An?. 2. This is moving day in
Washington. Members of congress who
expected to leave Washington today on
that summer vacation are having their
trunks hauW back from the depot and
'cashing their railroad tickets. Some
of the wives of statesmen who had
been looking forward to pleasant rus
.;.., i,,., aiih their husbands have re-
.... trt hpln unpack the
t. .v,n. nthors have cone home
II unit. v..
to some summer resort, feeling quite
Washington is in an ugly mood and
there are many and varying reasons for
this state of mina. emuc.
grcss arc indignant at the president
for waiting until the day before" the
recess went into effect to send his let
ters to house leaders requesting that
they remain. This feeling of bitterness
tuns among democrats as much if not
more than among the republicans.
Democratic Utterances Bitter.
Republicans would hardly think of
passing the sort of opinions on the
president's action that have been ex
pressed openly by democrats. Two of
the utterances of democrats are quoted
'Yes. that fellow (meaning the presi
dent) has had his vacation. He spent
fix months in Europe being entertained,
hobnobbing with kings, princes and po
tentates. Now he is back . after his
good time and ready for work."
"No third term for that man," was
the irate ejaculation of one southern
democrat yesterday afternoon when he
learned of the president's letters.
These two expressions are character
istic of what was heard on all sides
'when the ne'vs of the president's ac
tion was announced. Republican lead
ers took the president's appeal not un
kindly. In fact. Representative Mon
fWll, republican floor leader, had in the
first place been opposed to taking any
Tcesa but submitted when it wa
jwintcd out that most of the work be
fore congress was still in committee
and could not be formulated for hou
action for several weeks.
ItepubtieanN Keel Klattered.
There was a disposition yesterday to
feel that President Wilson had flattered
this republican congress by urging it to
remain in session. His action was con
trary to the attitude assumed by Champ
"lark and Claude Kitchin, democratic
r eaders. When the question of the re
jess was under consideration, both de
V'lared they were for a recess because
hey believed the country to be the
gainer by every day that the republican
Vongress was not in session.
4 Both Clark and Kitchin said on that
Occasion that if they could have their
V ay the yession would adjourn until
T'ecember in order to give the country
A respite from its republican congress.
Now comes President Wilson and asks
phis republican congress to stay here
and save the country.
Wilnon Ifoltln War Powers.
Criticism of Mr. Wilson s action was
predicated on the contention that con
gress has no power to reduce the cost
rt living that cannot be exercised by
the president alone.
Mr. Wilson still possesses all of the
war poRtrs mat me congress gave
(Concluded on rag. 3. Column 1.)
HELUO-I ' I 1
HES ! fr3 1 Hr HAT fMArv T lid f Ih A
XftW Avi irv,. 'J : r-cwLft Xrri E-Oa P fTs .TV
French Government Confers Recog
nition for Bravery In Organizing
Liaison Willi Front Line.
SEATTLE. Wash., Aug. 2. (Special.
Traffic was blocked at the corner of
First avenue and Yesler Way this
morning and hundreds of pedestrians,
autoists, vand streetcar passengers be
came the accidental witnesses of a
croix de guerre presentation by which
John A. Boyd. . corporal, 1258 John
street, received formal recognition from
the French government for bravery.
The ceremony was staged in Pioneer
Square, alongside the Totem pole. Colo
nel Otho W. B. Barr of the army re
cruiting station in Seattle read the
citation and pinned- the medal on the
young corporal's breast. Colonel J. T.
Watson and Captain L. J. Kirkoff par
ticipated, in the event.
It's a long jump from Pioneer Square
to Wertegan, Belgium, but the two
places became closely allied in today's
ceremony. Jt was near the latter pluce
that Corporal Boyd found himself on
the night of November 1, 1918. He was
somewhere out in No Man's Land with
instructions to keep open the line of
communication. His crew consisted of
10 runners and one interpreter. How
well he obeyed the order. is shown by
the official citation, as follows:
"Near Wertegan, Belgium, on Novem
ber 1, 1918. he displayed great bravery
in organizing and maintaining liaison
with adjacent elements of the front
line in spite of violent bombardment."
RAIN AVERTS DESTRUCTION
Thunder Shower Keeps Forest Fire
From Burning Mine Settlement.
WALLACE, Idaho, Aug. 2. (Special.)
The forest fire which yesterday
threatened to wipe out the entire set
tlement at the Tamarack & Custer
mine, a few miles from here, was
checked by a heavy thunder shower at
4:30 o'clock last night, and the force of
1"00 men succeeded in. getting the blaze
under control. At the rate the fire was
traveling when the rain came it would
have reached ,the Tamarack property
in less than an hour. Every mine in
the district turned out its entire crew
to fight the fire.
The women and children who were
hurried away from the Tamarack and
the Interstate-Callahan mines yester
day morning we-e still in Wallace to
day awaiting developments. The fire
destroyed much of the tramway from
the Tamarack & Custer mine to the
Burko Canyon. -
NEBRASKA 01R SUFFRAGE
Legislature Votes Unanimously to
Ratify Federal Amendment.
LINCOLN. Neb., Aug. 2--Nebraska
today joined the list of states that have
ratified the federal woman suffrage
amendment when the house of the state
legislature, by a vote of 94 to 0, adopt
ed a joint resolution providing for rati
fication. The senate voted for ratifica
tion Thursday, 27 to 0.
Nebraska, whose legislature was re
cently called into special session by the
governor to act on the amendment, is
the fourteenth state to ratify.
PART OF PLANE IN MAIL
Part of Machine Used by Army Flier
m Received in Capitol Mail.
SALEM, Or.. Aug. 2. (Special.) The
capitol mailing clerk this morning re
ceived a part of an airplane consigned
to Lieutenant Kiel, one of the army
aviators who arrived in Salem .yester
day for fire patrol duty.
This is said to be the first mail of its
kind ever received at the statehouse
and it attracted no little attention.
FORECAST GENERALLY FAIR
Local Showers. However, Are Pre
dicted as- Probable This Week.
WASHINGTON". Aug". 2. Weather
conditions for the week beginning Au
gust 4 are:
Pacific States Temperature normal;
fee n era 11 y fair, although occasional lo
cal thui:dcr showers are probable
Washington and Oresron.
FEELING IN BANDON IS HIGH
Harold Howell and Carroll
Warden Closely Guarded.
BOTH NEAR DEATH SPOT
Lads Placed In Separate Cells and
Ojnfession Is Lo iked for From
One by Monday.
MARSHFIELD, Or.. Aug. 2. (Spe-
cial.) Two 1'rosper boys are held at
the county jail in Coquille tn the belief
that one of them, or probably both,
have knowledge of the death of Lillian
Leuthold. who was killed at Bandon
while walking to her home through a
lonely tract of woodland. The boys are
Harold Howell and Carroll Warden, 14
and 18 years of age.
The youths are being held and close
ly guarded, owing to the intense feel
ing about Ihe county over the killing
of one of Bandon's most promising
young school girls.
Rifle I One Clew.
Howell, the younger of the boys,
owns a. Stevens rifle of .22-caliber. but
it has been bored out to carry a .25
caiiber bullet. The rifle is the only
one known in the vicinity of Bandon
and a .25-caliber bullet killed Miss
Leuthold. Such a ball was found in
her head at the - time of ihe post
mortem, hd Sunday night.
Both boys were taken Into custody
this morning by Sheriff Cage and depu
ties and hurried to Coquille for safety
Neighbors between Prosper and Ban
don knew of the detained youths being
out in the woods hunting last Sunday
and having knowledge of the caliber of
the gun carried by Howell, informed
he officers after the developments at
he inquest, placed the blame with
Prosper Is a mill community about
two miles from Bandon and the locality
where the murder occurred was more
than half way from Bandon to Prosper.
On being accused of being in the
vicinity of the? tragedy Sunday the boys
admitted the fact, declaring they had
been hunting about the woods but de
nied they had any knowledge relative
to the death of Lillian Leuthold.
Born Say They Were Home.
Information gained by queries at the
Warden home and from the boys failed
to elicit any definite information that
would seem to connect the boys with
the murder, but the officials are not
certain the information they gleaned
Relating their wanderings on the
eventful afternoon the boys said they
went to the Warden home at 3:30 and
the Warden boy did not leave th
night and the Howell boy did not leave
the house of the Warden family until
6 in the evening, half an hour or more
after the girl was slaughtered.
The boys on being locked in the
county Jail were placed in differen
cells and a watch is placed to learn if
anything passes between them during
the two nights and a day that will
elapse before their -preliminary trial is
held before Justice of the Peace J.' J.
Stanley at the county seat on Monday.
Confession la fxncted.
The officials believe they will set
a confession from one lad or the other
before Monday. It was said at the War
den home young- Howel! would riot
have passed along the path where the
girl waa killed in returning to his
home from the Warden residence.
Harrold Howell and Carrol I Warde.
so all reports indicate, -have no bad
records to prejudice public mind
(Concluded on Page '2, Column
EVENTS IN THE
Fires In Timbered Areas Between
Salem and Eugene Detected, De
Spire Low-Hanging Clouds.
SALEM. Or, Aug. 2. (Special.)
Success of the airplane forest fire pa
.trol in Oregon is assured, according to
a statement of F. A. Elliott, state for
ester, who accompanied Lieutenant
flight as far south as Eugene today.
R. H. Chapler, federal forest examiner. I
also made the trip in one of the planes.
Upon leaving Salem the planes took
a westerly course, circled over much
of the timbered area and arrived at
Eugene at. 11:45 .o'clock, atop -was
made there for lunch and gasoline.
The return flight began at 3:05 o'clock,
the planes reaching Salem at 4:30
o'clock after covering a distance esti
mated at 130 miles.
"Although clouds hung low during
most of the flight we were able to de
tect a number of small fires, as well as
give many of the towns over which we
passed the once over," said Mr. Elliott.
'Had the day been clear our observa
tions would have been even more suc
cessful. There is no doubt but that the
airplane is essential in combating suc
cessfully the fire menace in the forests
of Oregon, as well as other states, and
believe our losses will be materially
reduced through the operation of the
Tentative plans for the Oregon patrol
system have been sent to Colonel Ar
nold, air service officer of the Western
division at San Francisco, and his ap
proval is expected within the next 24
Because the landing field near Eu
gene is located some distance from the
city the Commercial club there will be
asked to furnish transportation for the
aviators in reaching the downtown dis
trict, following their arrival there each
noon. Nothing has been heard from
Roseburg regarding a new landing field
and until this Information is received.
sending of a plane to that city will be
'WITHYCOMBE DAY" IS SET
Olcotfs Idea to Honor Late Cover
nor Adopted by Fair Board.
SALEM, Or.,' Aug. 2. (Special.) -
Members of the State Fair board, acting
upon the suggestion of Governor Olcott
today designated September 22, the
first day of the 1919 fair, as Withy
combe day. In honor of the late Gov
"Perhaps no man has been a greater
factor in the -development of agricul
ture and livestock in the state than
the late Governor Withycombe," said
Governor Olcott in his letter to the
board, "and it would seem fitting tha
the state, through Its fair, offer some
such tribute to the work which he ac
complished along these lines.
"Oregon as made a wonderful ad
vance in the products of field and
farm, as well as in its pure-bred stock
which has attained international fame.
Much of this advancement has been
due to the persistent and untiring ef
forts of the late Governor Withy
HIGHWAY IS NOT CLOSED
Road Near Hood Hirer to lie Blocked
HOOD RIVER, Or.. Aug. 2. (Special.)
The past month's reports of closing
the Columbia Itlver highway between
Hood River and Cascade Locks for pav
ing construction crews have not been
dissimilar to the experience of Finne
gan. A few days ago it waa announced
that the road would be closed Monday.
Superintendent MeBlvaine. in charge
of crews at Cascade Locks, today in
formed operators of motor buses that
the link would not be blocked until the
middle or latter part of next week.
Women's Clubs Hear Leader.
CASTLE ROCK. Wash.. Aug. 2.
(Special.) Mrs. Sorjhia I. Clark of Se
attle, president of th Woman's Legis
lative Council of Washiuton, and Miss
Myrtle Cotrill of Centrialia, treasurer of
the council, were here The firt of the
week to interest the woman's clubs and
other orders in organizing branch coun
cils in southwest Washington. A
meeting was held at the home of Mrs.
G. I. Buland.
WEEK'S NEWS REVIEWED BY CARTOONIST PERRY.
WOOD IS SELECTED THIRD
Ex-President's Record During
War Gains Friends.
FAVORITE SONS ARE WEAK
Pershing Shows Little Popularity,
as Editors Be'.leve No Military
Man Can Be Elected.
Choice of a republican nominee for
president In Oregon rests with William
Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes
and. General Leonard Wood. Those
senators who are interposing objec
tions to the league of nations peace
treaty have little or no support. Senti
ment for the league is strong In the
Such is a summary resulting from a
questionnaire sent out by The Orego
nian to the Independent republican
press of the stat-e. The Oregonian. in
its questionnaire, requested the edi
tors to give their first, second and
third choice for the republican nomina
tion for president; the first, second and
third choice for the nomination as the
local sentiment could be estimated and
brief ttatement on the availability
of prominent republicans mentioned for
president and upon the probable cam
Taft Preferred HnJ.
A digest of the answers returned
shows that Taft is preferred above all
other possible nominees. Hughes stands
next to Taft as a first choice and then
comes Wood. On the total of first,
second and third choices, Taft has a
slight lead over Wood, and Hughes is
third. General Wood runs well on sc
ond and third choice.
Senator Hiram Johnson has two sup
porters for first choloe, he Is the second
choice of another and three select him
for third choice. Four editor report
on Senator Borah, one mentioning htm
as first choice. Senator Poindexter,
who has launched a publicity campaign
for the nomination, is the second choice
of one editor, while another proceeds
to flay Poindexter and his policies.
Favorite Sons Not Strong; Here.
On three sides of Oregon there are
states with favorite sons, but these
favorite sons have failed to make In
roads on the editors of Oregon. These
are Johnson of California, Borah
idaho, and Poindexter of Washington
General Pershing has three cham
pions, while Cummins. Root, Roosevelt,
Lowden, Lodge. Knox,' McCormick
Harding, Orange and Kellogg' are men
tioned. One editor says he has heard
Representative W. C. Hawley. of the
first congressional district, mentioned
as presidential timber.
The result of the canvas follows
- - Choice
1 !t -JT 3d
1 S 11 4
Borah 1 3
. ummtns ................. .. '2
Poindexter ..'...... .. 1
M . D. orange '
l-. t. Keiiogs
Moh editor Want Taft
Approximately 75 per cent of th
editors want Taft." &e main points
brought out In his behalf is that h
has been one of the foremost states
men in America during the war. the
leading republican statesman ; that hi
attitude toward the peace treaty has
been sound and popular; that he can
no longer be considered as a reaction
(Continued on Pace 18. Column 1.)
Army Advances 2 3 Miles Northward
- of Onega, Driving Enemy Over
the River at Akhtuba.
OMSK. Aug. 2. (Russian Telegraphic
Agency.) Petrograd's population, which
was more than 2.000.000 in 1912, has de
creased under bolshevik rule to SOO.000
according to documents and newspapers
taken from bolshevik prisoners here
today. Moscow's population was shown
to have been diminished by 40 per cebt.
Statistics on production showed that
the union of workers of the Moscow
metal Industry, which had 183.000 mem
bers before the bolshevik revolt; now
has only 60,000 members.
The first American Red Cross sani
tary train intended for the care of ty
phoid patients has arrived here. Fever
stricken persons will be taken to the
rain for isolation as a means of check-
ng the spread of the epidemic. The
rain is well equipped with supplies.
LONDON. Aug. 1. Hostilities be-
ween the Russian bolshevikl and the
Esthonian republic have been stopped,
according to an Exchange Telegraph
ispatch from Copenhagen.
LONDON. Aug. 2. (By the Assocl-
ted Press.) The following bolshevik
official communication, dated ' Friday,
dealing with the operations on the
orth Russian front, was received here
We have advanced 27 miles north
ward of Onega. (This advance appar-
ntly Is along the Gulf of Anega).
We have abandoned Eproskuroff
and Yampal. We have begun an ad-
ance in the region of Astrakhan, driv
ing the enemy out of Vladlmirovsk
across the river at Akhtuba. Many of
the enemy were drowned."
HIGH SPEED RECORD SET
American Aviator Makes 137 Miles
an Hour in Test.
DAYTON", C Aug. 2. Major W. R.
S"hroeder. army aviator, today set a
new world's speed record for high alti-
udes, it Is claimed, when he flew at a
rate of 1S7 miles an hour at a height
of IS. 400 feet. He used a two-seated
Lepere biplane, designed by Captain
L,epcre oi me r rench army. It was
equipped with a 12-cylinder liberty
motor and cc super-charger.
lieutenant U. W. Klfey. expert fcero-
nautic observer, was a passenger.
ALASKA TRIP IS POSTPONED
Extended Session Delays Congress
men's Railroad Inspection.
SEATTLE. Wash.. Aug. 2. Because
of the request made by President Wil
son that congress remain in session
the projected trip of several congress
men to Alaska to inspect the govern
ment railroad has been postponed one
week, according to a special dispatch
received today from Washington.
The postponement will give Franklin
. Lane, secretary of the interior, a
chance to make the. trip.
SENATE MODIFIES DRY BILL
Judiciary Subcommittee Completes
washi.nutox, Aug. z. Work on pro
hibition enforcement legislation prac
tically waa completed today by a senate
juaiciary tu ocommittee. The measure
is said to be less drastic than that
passed by the house.
The subcommittee adopted the house
definition of intoxicating beveragce
those containing more than one-half of
1 per cent of alcohol.
ARMY REJECTS NEGROES
KnliMnients Temporarily Stopped by
WASHINGTON. Aug. 2. Enlistment
of negroes for the infantry will be dis
continued temporarily under an order
Issued by the war department.
It waa explained that this action was
taken only because the authorized en
listment of negroes already has been
UllNGS TrtAT MMCCfOU A-UHE.T UP
Crusade Is Started by Gov
ernment Agencies. ,4
SURPLUS FOODS TO BE SOLD
War Department Supplies to
Go on Market at Once.
CONGRESS MAY ACT SOOM
Belief Is Wheat Crop Will Be Sold)
at Market Prices, Loss to Bo
Absorbed by Government.
CAMPA1GX AGAINST HIGH COST
OF LIVING ON 1ST HAM
STATES. Washington. Sales of surplus
war department food direct to
public to begin August 18.
Detroit. Conference of govern
ors and attorney-generals to con
sider food profiteering proposed.
Baltimore. Maryland and Bal
timore officials take steps to
prosecute food profiteers.
Columbus. O. Ohio and Michi
gan pledge co-operation in inves
tigation of food prices.
Des Moines. Governor Harding
of Iowa starts campaign to re
duce high cost of living.
Seattle Immediate purchase of
surplus for sale by war depart
Chicago. Two million pounds
of foodstuffs shipped to Chicago
in 191 spoiled and condemned.
Spokane. Notice of advances
of 10 to 20 per cent In rent of
apartments served on tenants.
New Tork. Department stores
offer to handle surplus Ar food
stuffs without profit to them
selves. WASHINGTON. Aur. 2.In the face
of growing unrest over the high cost
of living, as indicated by the spread
ing strike of railroad workers, many
government agencies moved today in
efforts to effect a return to normal
Immediate sale of all surplus food
stuffs purchased for the army, instead
of only canned goods, was ordered by
the war department. Millions of
pounds of meat, beans, pumpkin.
squash and other commodities will bo
offered to the public Monday, August
18, through the parcels post system, at,
prices materially lower than those now
prevailing in the market. Purchasers,
will have to pay postage charges from
the place of storage.
Conic rena May Act Soon.
Director-General Hines. Commissioner
Colver and Assistant Secretary LeC
fingwell. appointed by the conference
assembled by Attorney -Genera I Pa Inter
to recommend steps to reduce living
costs, were engaged today in an ex
change of memoranda bearing on. the
problem. The Impression went out that
the committee had agreed that steps
could be taken by congress which '
would alleviate the situation at once,
but it was said at Mr. Hines' office that
nothing final had beer decided upon..
The committee was instructed particu
larly to deal with profiteering and to.
suggest how law enforcement agencies
should proceed to bring to juctice men,
guilty of extortion through unreason
If any recommendation is made to
congress, it is believed most likely that
It will deal with sale of the wheat crop
at market prices and the absorption by
the government of the loss between the
price and the $J.2 guaranteed the
Congress continued to discuss the
4 Concluded on Pa kc Column 1.
ro WAVE. THKPf
s II vv TV4 TWO OCJCU.S