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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
VOL. XXXVIII NO.
Entered at Portland (Orren)
Postoffic; as Scor.d-C!as8 Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY 3IORNING, 'JULY 27, 1919.
PRICK FIVE CENTS.
LEAGUE ARE ENDED
SEAMEN AGREE, . BUT
ENGINEERS ARE OUT
THAT SHIPS WILL SAlIi IS CON
TRADICTED BY ONE UNION.
55000 TORGERY IS
LAID TO CRAWFORD
WOMAN DETECTIVE IS
THANKED BY CAPTIVES
WRIST WATCH PRESEXTED AS
TOKEN OF ESTEEM.
ARMY PLANES VISIT
PORTLAND WOMAN PASSENGER
ON TRIP TO CAMP LEWIS.
ALLIED OFFER OF
Erzberger Scores German
Leaders for Rejection.
President Wilson to Carry
Fight to Country.
FIFTEEN VOTES ARE NEEDED
Three Republicans Against
HUGHES ANALYSIS AWAITED
Other Nations Beginning to Realize
That President Wilson Docs Not
, Dominate American Situation.
OREGON J AN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
Ington, July 26. White House confer
ences with republican senators on the
league of nations are at an end. No In
vitations are outstanding and no more
will be issued. So far as the fight here
in Washington is concerned, it is tem
porarily at an end.
Nothing apparently having ber n ac
complished by the conferences, Presi
dent Wilson proposes to carry the fight
to the country. Only three senators on
the republican side give hope of stand
ing out against strong reservations on
the league of nations covenant and one
or two provisions of the treaty, aside
from the league covenant, which they
regard as objectionable. These three
senators are McNary of Oregon, Mc
Cumber of North Dakota and Colt of
Ithode Island, the latter two, however,
are understood to have stiffened their
mild opposition somewhat since the
Taft statement was issued a few days
Fifteen Votes Needed.
The first effort of the administration
therefore is to nail down these three re
publican votes against radical reserva
tions, which, added to the 46 reasonably
sure democratic votes, will give the
league forces 49 votes against 4? oppo
sition votes, one of which will be cast
by Senator Reed, democrat, of Missouri.
With these 49 votes, the administration
plans to defeat reservations and then
liy his tour of the country the president
lias hopes to build a sentiment that will
force enough republican senators into
line'to ratify, the exact additional num
ber needed being 15 to produce the 64
votes, or constitutional two-thirds re
quired. The opposition is waiting with inter
est an analysis of the league covenant
which is expected within the next two
days from Charles E. Hughes. The
Hughes view will be weighed along
with the Root and Taft suggestions and
the result might be that Mr. Wilson
will thereafter be able to count on one
republican vote against strong reser
vation, that of Senator McN'ary of Ore
pun. The Hughes opinion. If it calls
lor strong reservation or if it does not,
will carry much welghtwith republican
senators and especially eo with Sen
ators Colt and McCumber, who are in
clined to help the president. Sir.
Hughes' opinion will be accepted as en
tirely free of partisanship and guided
only by the best motives because he
has at no time criticised President Wil
son in connection with the league or
the treaty. In fact, he bae sought
every opportunity to help the adminis
tration out of holes into which It was
led by unfortunate advisers.
President Sees Defeat.
At this time it is almost impossible
to find anyone in Washington aside
from the White House and Senator
Hitchcock, who will insist that the
treaty is going to be ratified in its
present form. In fact there are plenty
?f evidences that Mr. Wilson is getting
ready to accept defeat of his original
plan to have the treaty ratified without
n erasure or an interpolation. In his
inferences at the White House re-
Concluded on Face 6. Column l.
International Secretary Says 3fovc-
ment Will Start, But B. L. Todd
-. Says His Men Are Still Factor.
NEW YORK, July 26. Despite set
tlement of the strive of the Interna
tional Seamen's union, ships will not
sail from Atlantic or gulf ports until
demands of the Ocean Marine Engi
neers' union not considered in the set
tlement are granted, according to a
statement by B. L. Todd, business man
ager of the unron.
End of the strike of the 40,008 ma
rine workers which has tied up snipping
in Atlantic and gulf ports for the last
three weeks was announced today by
Gustave H. Brown, general secretary
of the International Seamen's union,
who promised that ships would move
The men. Secretary Brown stated,
were "satisfied" with the terms of set
tlement, which include an increase of
$15 a month per man for all except
the coal passers, who receive a $10
increase. Latest reports from local
unions all over the country, he said,
showed unanimity in favor of waiving
the demands for an eight-hour day at
sea and a "closed shop" in order to end
The right of the unions to have their
delegates passed through the piers and
allowed to go aboard the vessels of
the American Steamship association
was conceded by the employers.
COAL FOR ITALY ADVISED
Formation of Italian-American Com
pany Is Trade Attache's Idea.
ROMK, Friday, July 25. (By the As
sociated Press.) Italy's vital need of
coal and the probable inability to get
it from the Saar Valley or Great
Britain, offer American coal operators
a chance to enter the European market
with prospects of great success, Alfred
B. Dennis, American commercial attache,
lie said the great difficulty lies in
obtaining adequate shipping, but sug
gested the solution would be the for
mation of an Italian-American organi
zation to luy ships to be used ex
clusively for the coal trade.
CHINESE START BOYCOTT
Japanese Goods Under Han in Sac
ramento. SACRAMENTO, July 26. Chinese
here started a boycott against Japanese
goods several days ago and it Is
spreading rapidly, prominent Chinese
merchants announced today.
They stated the Chinese were refus
ing to buy from Japanese because of
alleged unfair treatment of China by
Japan, the Chinese having particularly
in mind the Shantung settlement by
which the Japavtese gained holdings to
which the Chinese alleged the Japan
ese have no right.
YALE 'AND HARVARD SOLD
Fast Steamers, Cscd on Pacific Run
Before War, Taken by British.
SAX FRANCISCO, Cal., July 26.
(Special.) The fast turbiners Yale and
Harvard, which operated between this
port and Los Angeles for several years
before the war and which were then
commandeered and afterwards pur
chased by Uncle Sam, have been sold to
the British government, according to
advices from New Tork.
This means that these, the fastest
ships ever seen upon the Pacific, will
not again operate here or under the
FLYING BOAT IN SERVICE
Xwo Passengers Carried on New
York-Atlantic City Trip.
NEW YORK, July 26. A regular flying-boat
passenger service between
New York and Atlantic City started to
day, the first machine leaving here at
1 P. M. for the New Jersey resort.
The boat carried two passengers.
VJENEGOT A COUV tAV4l UC-VT V.'
c-fn( UtT E interest yr"
sfff GCVVS fUNfc fll &Tv
Accountant, an Alleged
FINN'S CHECK STOLEN, CHARGE
Tucson, Ariz., Bank Used as
Agent for Collection.
$1700 LEFT AFTER FLIGHT
Fugitive Auditor Hunted Secretly
Since July 8 Pinkcrton Men
Say Arrest Is Soon.
W. If. Crawford, 33, expert account
ant, is wanted in Portland on a war
rant charging forgery of a check for
$jft00 on the United States National
bank of this city, successfully passed
in Tucson, Ariz.
When Crawford left Portland last
April in charge of a deputy sheriff
from Phoenix, Ariz., to answer to a
charge of wife desertion, he took with
him three blank checks which had been
removed from a book in the office of
Wakefield, Fries 4c Co.. bearing the
signature of the president of the real
estate concern, but not countersigned
by the secretary.
One of these checks. No. 20256, filled
in with the amount of 15000 and bear
ing the forged signature of Simon If.
Guild, secretary of Wakefield, Fries
& Co., was deposited to the account of
Crawford in the Tucson, Ariz., National
bank, passed- through the clearing
house and was received as genuine, it
is said, by the United States National
bank of Portland.
Forgery I. Dlsevered.
The forgery was discovered July S;
Crawford was indicted secretly by the
Multnomah county grand Jury July 9,
and James M. Riley, manager of the
Portland branch of the Plnkerton na
tional detective agency, which, with
the police and sheriffs office, was im
mediately pat on the scent, announced
yesterday that Crawford's arrest was a
matter of hours. Further secrecy was
considered unnecessary, for Crawford
knows he Is being sought, having fled
from Tucson toward Mexico shortly
after withdrawing most of his bank
That Crawford left precipitously,
sooner than he expected, is indicated by
the fact that $1700 of his account was
not withdrawn from the Tucson bank.
Parole 1. Seeared.
The Arizona charges against Craw
ford for failing to support his wife and
3-year-old daughter were pressed di
rectly after he was taken from Port
land, but he was admitted to parole in
Phoenix. One of the provisions of his
parole was that he was not to leave
the vicinity of Phoenix, but he secured
a modification of this by pleading that
he could not get a position in Phoenix
at more than $100 a month and could
better himself by going elsewhere. He
was permitted to leave, with the pro
viso that he report regularly to the
Crawford went to Tucson, where he
was well known, having lived in Ari
zona for more than five years, and,
announcing that he was going into the
auditing business for himself in Tuc
son, opened an account at the bank.
The check for $5000, which he depos
ited, was dated May 19, and was placed
in the bank for collection on June 5.
The fraud was not discovered until
Court Battle Lively.
When Crawford was arrested in
Portland on the Arizona charge, March
30. he was lodged in the city Jail by
Inspectors La Salle and Swennes for
"investigation." They knew he was
Concluded on Pago 13. Column -.
" CARTOONIST PERRY ILLUMINATES PICTORIALLY SOME RECENT NEWS EVENTS.
I Cscd to Hate You. Bat Now II
Guess You're night," Says N'ote;-'
Soldiejr and Girl Donors.
Mrs. J. M. Barber, operative ' T
department of Justice, received
wrist watcn yesterday rrom a
the kid," two anonymous y jrs
whom she had arrested dur c ar.
and who have, since aeen ' jr of
their ways. "The kid" evia- Is a
g'.rl, and Mrs. Barber surmises tnat the
donors of the watch are a young sol
dier and his sweetheart, whom she took
into custody and released some months
The soldier always spoke of his fi
ancee as "thj kid." Most of Mrs. Bar
ber's work was done in remote sections
of Oregon, and she feels sure that the
present is from one of a few prisoners
whose cases she handled in Portland.
A messenger boy delivered the watch
to Chief of Police Johnson yesterday.
It was in a pasteboard box, wrapped
in white paper, on which was inscribed
Mrs. Barber's name in pencil. Inside
was a note from the donors.
"I used to hate you like poison, but 1
guess you were right and I was wrong,"
reads the missive. "Anyhow. I learned
some things that they don't teach In
school, and one of them was that you
will some day get what's coming to
you. You helped me to learn It. I am
willing to pay for my schooling. ,
"The kid says she thinks you'll like
what we're sending. You'll never know
which one of the 100 or more of us I
am. but you'll be glad to know that
any of us is trotting square again, and
that's what I am. All 1 can say is go
get 'em. It does them good."
The note was typewritten, with many
words misspelled, despite the fact that
the script on the outside of the pack
age was delicately traced. Mrs. Barber
said she believed the note was written
either by some person who deliberately
misspelled words in order to cover up
his identity, or by someone who had
never operated a typewriter before, and
hit wrong keys by mistake.
Mrs. Barber is making no effort to
find out who sent the present. She said
she felt bound In honor to respect the
donor's desire of secrecy.
"I can only wish him and 'the kid'
the best of luck," she said yesterday.
"I am wearing the watch with great
BERGER DEFENDS STAND
Plea for Neutrality Compared With
Note Against War.
WASHINGTON. July 26. Victor
Berger of Milwaukee, whose right to
a seat in the house of representatives
la being contested because of his con
viction for violation of the espionage
act. told the special house investigat
ing committee today that if democrats
and republicans who voted against war
were allowed to retain their seats, so
cialists could not be barred because
they had "pleaded for neutrality."
Mrs. Berger continued today her
reading to the committee from a book
on socialism and again frequently was
interrupted by her husband to em
phasize certain points.
BALLOON CABLE IS BLAMED
Fire Theory Advanced to Coroner'
Jury by Army Major.
CHICAGO, July ;. Major John D.
York, of the United States array, testi
fying today before the coroner's Jury
investigating the dirigible balloon
tragedy with a loss of 13 lives last
Monday, advanced the theory that fric
tion of the cables against the huge
gas bag started the fire which sent the
dirigible a flaming wreck through the
roof of a bank building.
"FAIR," WORD OF PROPHET
Weather Ma,n Predicts Normal Tem
peratures for Week.
WASHINGTON, July 2. Weather
conditions for the week - beginning
Pacific states Normal temperature
and generally fair.
rope's Strikes Regard
ed as foothold. .
AFTER-WAR UNREST IS TOOL
Revolutionist Relies on Radi
TWO PLANS ARE IN MIND
Waiting t.ame to Build lp Interior
Strength In Russia and Hun
gary Also riajed.
BY ARNO DOSCH FLKUHOT
tcopyrliht by the Nw Tork World. Tub
llahed b arrangement. )
VIENNA. July :. (Special Cable )
I have further details of Lenine's pres
ent plana for world revolution, which
are "far-reaching and big." General
results are not expected at onre. For
the present he has two purposes and
action is in progress In both of them.
His first plan is to make effective
the tyranny of the bolshevik minority
in the labor syndicates of western
Europe In such movements as general
strikes. From his own success In Rus
sia, he knows it is difficult for mod
erate leaders to hold the mass of work
men to a slow constructive course,
when leaders less scrupulous and more
radical can hold out the immediate
prospect of brilliant results.
la Plaeed In Radlral.
He counts on the following of the
radical leaders, even though they may
be conscious that thereby they will be
trying to throw the rest of the world
Into the same condition as Is Russia.
On the success or failure of present
general strikes, he Is figuring how
long it will take to bring about a
widespread social revolution.
He counts on greater success In the
entente countries than in Germany,
because Germany has slowed up after
having had a bad taste of bolshevlsm.
Moreover, he knows better than any
one else that the failure of bolshevlsm
in Germany has thrown Germany
violently to the right, and that while
quick action there might win for the
moment It would be more likely to
strengthen the reactionary movement
there, and that might lead to return
to the monarchy, which would serious
ly interfere with his later and larger
Waltlaa -' Is Played.
Big political changes of any kind in
Germany would also retard demobiliza
tion In the entente countries, and that
outcome Lenine wishes to avoid at all
His second plan involves a waiting
game, in order that he may build up
interior strength both In Russia and in
Hungary, a. process that is difficult In
view of the existing blockade In those
He must permit industry to move as
a means of holding hla workmen ad
herent and of pacifying the peasant
population. Both of these elements
must be held by him in Indissoluble
mass. Coal, cotton, iron, oil and other
raw materials are essential to him. He
must get them by military conquest.
That is why he is now driving into the
Don and the Urals in Russia.
Raw Supplies Badly Needed.
General Denekine Is a worse enemy
to htm than Admiral Kolchak. for Dene
kine contrals raw materials which are
absolutely necessary for the continu
ance of his government. This Is of the
most urgent Importance to him. be
cause he thinks It will be a year or two
before the bolshevik elements in the
labor syndicates of Western Europe
can force the relaxation of the blockade
or can extend open help to him.
What gives him courage to stick to
(Concluded on Par 2. Column
U . DOES NT XAVC
tAV)Ctt TO CA)it A
LOT OF COtAtAOTIOlS
Captain Owen Sommcrs, Aide to
General, Also Accompanies Al
alors on Journey.
SEATTLE. Wash.. Jn'y ?. An army
airplane from Camp Lewis, piloted by
Lieutenant Ben Ehr"-hman and carry
ing Colonel P. J. HenneMiy as a paa
senger. arrived here at 4:31 P. M . and
after an hour's stay departed again for
Camp Lewis. This is one of the two
planes from Mather field which left
Portland this morning.
CHEHALIS. Wash.. July rs. tSpe
clal.) Two army airplaues landed at
the state training school grounds at
Chehalis today at 1 o'clock. They re
mained here for an hour, taking on gas
and oil. One plane was piloted by
Lieutenant Edward Ki'".. who had as
passenger Captain 'Owen Summers, aide
to General Johnston at Camp Lea is.
Tho other machine was piloted by
Sergeant Frank McK.ec. Mae Norton,
reporter for tho Portland Telegram,
was hla passenger. After flying over
the city of Chehalis, the planes left for
SEATTLE WOMAN ELECTED
Mrs. Emma. P. thadwiik Put in
Office by Eastern Mar.
SEATTLE. With, July ;. Mrs.
Emma P. Chadwtrk of Prattle today
was elected right worthy associate
grand conduct reae of the general grand
chapter. Order of the Eastern Star,
holding its trientiial assembly be re.
Will W. Grow of SL Louis. Mo., was
elected right worthy associate grand
patron. The other principal officers
of the order, following usual custom,
were advanced one step. Mra. Elite
Lines Chapin of Pine Meadow, Conn,
becoming most worthy grand matron.
Washington. D. C. was selected for
the meeting place of the triennial as
sembly In i::.
SCHOOL BOARD REVERSED
Raymond Teacher Iphcld by County
SOUTH BEND. Wash.. July IS.
(Special.) A decision, revering that
of the Raymond school board when It
discharge 1 Leonore Sull.van. a teacher,
for alleged absence without leave in
April, was given this week by Miss
Edith rkper, county school superin
The case, which grew out of Miss
Sullivan's absence In Portland when
the school board held, she should have
been teaching, came to trial before
Miss Soper in May. Miss Soper. though
censuring the teacher, holds that she
received Implied permission to be ab.
RED CROSS IGNORES DROUTH
Situation in Montana Is Not Regard
ed as Calamity.
HELENA. Mont.. July K. No Red
Cross money can be brought into Mon
tana for the relief of drouth sufferers,
since the situation here Is not con
strued as a "calamity." according to
Walter N. West of Minneapolis, chief
of the northwestern division of the
Mr. West came here for a conference
with Governor S. V. Stewart In response
to appeals sent out in behalf of the
dry land farmers of Hill county and
other regions in the northern part of
PLANE IS LOST IN THE AIR
Army Bomber Has Mi-hap at Start
LAKE PLACID. N. T.. July
After having been lost in the air for
nearly three hours, the army bombing
plane which left Augusta. Me., this
morning for Cleveland on its round-the-rlm-of-t
he-country flight, landed
at Upper Jay, near here, late today,
burying Its nose In the ground. The
crew was badly shaken up. but none
were seriously Injured.
'S'Ht UAtACN V OF THE .
HONORABLE PEACE DENIED
Minister of Finance Promises
GERMAN PEOPLE BULLIED
Collapse Brought About Not by Revo
lution. Bnt by Madn-ss, As
sembly I Told.
BERLIN. Friday, July Zi. (Hy the
Associated Press.) Peace owrtures to
Germany by Great Hrltain and France
ere made through the Vatican in Au
gust. 1917. Ml I hla. Krth.rpp -i r- -
premier and minister of finanoe. de
clared In the German national as
sembly today. He said Germany re
jected the overtures.
Monsignor Paaclll. papal nuncio to
Munich, on August 13. 1317. addressed
a note to Imperial Chancellor Michaclis.
enclosing a telegram from the British
minister at the Vatican to the papal
secretary or stato to which the French
The British note. Ilerr Errbcrger ex
plained, a.-ked for a German declara
tion for Belgian independence and com
pensation and inquired as to what
guarantees Germany would need for
Chancellor Michael is did not answer
for four week?; then. September It, he
wrote that the situation for giving
such a declaration was not yet suffi
Revelation. Are Iraa!ard.
Herr Erxberger promised more "im
portant revelations within a few dst
Monsignor Paselli'a note said:
"1 have the honor herewith t trans
mit to your excellency a copy of a tele
gram which his excellency, the king of
England's minister at the Vatican, has
handed to the cardinal secretary of
stale. The French government givea
Its assent to the statements made In
the aforementioned telegram, and his
eminence earnestly desires actively to
continue his efforts for the speedy at
tainment of a Just and lasting peace,
such aa the Imperial government has
shown a conciliatory readiness to ac
cept. "Your excellency's attention Is par
ticularly drawn to the point In the tele
gram relative to Belgium, with a view
to obtaining, firstly, a positive declara
ion regarding the imperial govern
ment's Intentions with respect to Bel
gium's complete independence and
compensation for damage caused Bel
gium through the war; secondly, a
definite statement of guarantees for
political, economic and military Inde
pendence which Germany desires.
Readiaar 1'aataea Seematlea.
"If these declarations have a satis
factory effect, his eminence thinks an
important step will have been taken
towards the further development of
negotiations. As a matter of twet the
minister of Great Britain has Informed
his government that the holy see will
reply to the communications made in
the afore-mentioned telegram as soon
as it has received the imperial govern
"It may be permitted for my part to
give expression to my firm conviction
that, by using your influence in all
highest quarters on the behalf of the
papal proposal and for this peace work,
your excellency will gain the eternal
thanks or the fatherland and the whole
of humanity. If a conciliatory reply be
obtained which can open up the pros
pect of peace negotiations."
Herr Krahorpcr said that the gov.
(Concluded on Taco . Column - 1
'uSmncs that hmt
"TOO AU-'HtT UP
AHO T3UOT W
V TO HAV t A
HV V W-VIMJl VLT2M