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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1915)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, PORTLAND, APRFL 18, 1915.
dox. "Lilith" is a powerful love poem,
and suggests Shelley. The best poem,
because it appeals both to intellect and
heart, is "The Dead Scientist," which
unfolds the growth of scientific prog
ress and shows the man of science as
he passes on to the other life:
His brain is stilled, and all the thoughts he
In studied phrases, while be slowly trod
The laboratory's length, are but the past
Babblings-of genius bound to a testing-rod.
Yet on his lips a smile tells how at last
He passed the baffling curtain, and found
God. PHOTOGRAPHIC SPOTLIGHT BRINGS
TO VIEW NOTABLES FIGURING IN WAR
Dr. Helfferich's Task Is Supplying Germany With Cash Italian Ambassador Tittoni Causes Gossip of Rome's
Entry. Into Conflict American Is Spy-Suspect Veteran General Haig Is General French's Chief Aide.
The Rocky Mountain Wonderland, by Enos
A Mills. 1.73. Illustrated. Houghton,
ailfnin Co.. Boston.
To read this excellent book Is not
only to enjoy It, but the pleasure Is
such that the reader feels he has been
outdoors among breezy mountain
heights, and that he has enjoyed a va
"The Kocky Mountain Wonderland"
contains 363 pages, is attractively illus
trated with 24 pictures, and is the
record of the wondeful experiences of
a Kocky Mountain professional guide.
Not only is it a fine mirror of the
natural beauties of out-of-doors, but it
contains many an amusing estimate of
behavior of mountain tourists and human-nature-on-the-tramp
One of our author's surprising state
ments is that a grizzly bear Is such an
omnivorous feeder that he "will eat
anything edible, fresh meat or carrion,
bark, grass, grasshoppers, ants, fruit,
grubs and leaves, He is fond of honey
and with It will consume rotten wood,
trash and bees stings and all. He is a
destroyer of many pests that afflict
Titan, and in the realm of economic
biology should be rated high for work
In this connection. 1 wonder whether
many dozen cats, hawks or ewls an
nually catch as many mice as he? But
in some localities the grizzly is almost
A Colorado newspaper writer said re
cently: "It was Knos A. Mills who con
ceived the idea of conserving nature's
wonderful workmanship in the Long's
peak region by placing it in the keep
ing of the United States Government,
and, single-handed, he set out to ac
complish this result. Single-handed he
brought it about, for all the forces that
have contributed to the victory were
lined up through his efforts. Others
have helped, to be sure, but it was by
Knos Mills persistent labor that they
were made supporters of the movement.
Ha fought against, apathy at home and
active opposition in Washington, D. C
The lack of interest that existed in
Colorado he finally turned into en
thusiasm. He had already aroused more
public Interest in the East than he
found at home."
These quotations from the book will
be found to possess notable interest:
Ex'ftld straight line ."it miles north
west from Denver and another line UO miles
southwest from Cheyenne, and these lines
meet in approximately the renter of the
Kocky Mountain National Park. Long's
Peak. "Kiiin of the Rockies," is the dom
inating peak and rises to the altitude of
14,230 feet. There are 10 or more peaks in
the. nark that tower above 13,000, and up
wards of 40 others with a greater altitude
than 1U.OOO feet. Between thee peaks and
their out-Jutting ' spurs are numerous can
yons. The Park is from 1 to IS miles wide,
its greatest length is ?5 miles, and Its total
area, is about 3o0 square miles. A line
drawn around the park on the ooundar
line would only in two or three places drop
below the altitude of 9000 feet. The area
thus is hiph-lying and for the most part
on edge. About one-fifth of tne entire area
is above the limits of tree-growth. The
peaks are rocky, rounded, and sharp. Here
and there they are whitened by compar
atively small snow and loe fields. Prom the
summits the mountains descend through
steeps, walls, slopes, terraces, tablelands,
spurs, gorges and mountain valleys. This
park Is a wilderness. Though entirely sur
rounded by settlers and villages, it is an al
moBt unbroken wild. Mnny of its leaks are
as yet unclimbed. There are ' pathless
forests, unvisiteri gorges, .unnamed lakes
and unknown localities.
"A few tlmber-llno trees live a thousand
years, but half this time Is a ripe old age
for most timber-line veterans. The age of
these trees cujmot be judged by their size,
nor by general appearance. There may be
centuries of difference in the ages of two
arm-in-arm trees of similar size. I ex
amined two trees that were growing within
a few yards of each ather in the shelter of
a eras. One was 14 feet high and ltl Inches
In diameter, and had ai!" annual rings. The
other was seven feet high and five inches
In diameter, and had lived 4H1? years: One
day by the sunny and sheltered side of a
uQiuoer i xouuu a tiny seed-bearer at an al
titude of 11,800 feel, How splendidly un
coiircIous It was of its size and Its utterly
wild surroundings! This brave pine bore
dainty cone, yet a drinklng-glass would
havo completely housed both the tree and
Our stage in the San Juan Mountains lis
Just gained the top of the grade when an
alert, riderless pony trotted into view on a
near-by rldne. Saddled and bridled, she was
returning home down a zigzatr trail after
carrying a rider to a mine up the mountain
side. One look at this trim, spirited "return
horse" from across a narrow gorge, and she
disappeared behind a cliff. "That is Cricket,
the wisest return horse in these hills," de
clared tha at a Re-driver, who proceeded to
tell of her triumphant adventures as he
drove on into Bllverton. When I went to
hive Cricket, her owner said that I might
use her as long as I desired, and proudly
declared that if she was turned loose any
where within 30 miles she would promptly
eoine home or die. A trip into the moun
tains beyond Tellurlde was my plan. I
spent a few days about Tellurlde riding
Cricket up to a number- of mines, taklnn
photographs on the way. Whenever we ar
rived at an exceptionally steep pitch, either
In ascending or in descending. Cricket In
vited me to get off and walk. ITnhldden
she -would stop. After standing for a rew
seconds. If I made no move to get off, she
turned for a look at me; then If I failed to
understand, she laid back her ears and pre
tended to blto at mv feet.
The Red Fleece, by Will Levlngton Comfort.
M.25. George H. Doran Co., New York;
This novel is inspirational and emo
tional in its thrilling word-pictures,
which are a protest against war as a
wicnea waste of human life.
Young Peter Mowbray, American,
newspaper correspondent at Warsaw,
Russia, for the States newspaper, goes
out with the invading advance of Rus
sian troops in company with his friend
Eoylan, of the Rhodes News Agency.
Lonegan is Mowbray's newspaper
chief, and this is the former's advice to
the "cub war correspondent:
"Boylan will help you get through. You
oon 1 Know nun yet. some time, perhaps,
you win 250 pounds of soul. He'll do all
lie can to get you the same chance h has
because I asked him: and then he'll try to
jiihko me Mttiea ioojc oDsolete as a news
paper, wherein, of course, he'll fall. But
he'll try. If he takes to you, it won't make
him try less, but he'd do your stuff and hie
it you fell sick. There Isn't another Boylan
a great newspaper man, too. The States
will watch closeiy. knowing that Rhodes
will get everything possible from Boylan's
part of the front. The point is and I
think he'll want It. too you'd better work
together on the main line of stuff, as we
do here. Your letter on the aide should be
better than lus, because you're a better
writer. As for war stuff. Boylan is the old
master Pekin. Manchuria and the Balkans
that 1 think of; also the Schmeddlng Polar
Failure. That last was war a spectacular
eApeumon ot me Germans -
"I might as well make this a lecture,
now that I've started," Lonegan went on.
"The war game isn't complex. All the be
wildering technicalities that bristle from s
military officers talk are Just bl-name
stuff designed to keep down the contempt
or me crowa tne oiaest professional trick.
Whenever the crowd gets to understand
your terminology your game la cooked. You
know how it is in a drug store, and you've
seen tne old family doctor look wise. . .
There a a lot of different exploslv
which they fire by mathematics, and which
you can learn in part from our homely en
cyclopedias, but the main game will be
fougrht out on the same principles that
Attlla fought It and Oenghis Khan num
bers, traps, unexpectedness, the same dull
old flanking activities, the raid of supplies
and communications, the bending back of
wings, the crimp of a line by making a
hole In one part and all that archaic rot.
As I any, the game is extinct, so tar as our
modern complicated intelligences go, and the
men whose names are biggest In the papers
from now on are the same old beefy type
of rudiments whom a man wouldn't asso
ciate with in times of National quiet. . . .
I will end this by saying that the big story
is the man the peasant, the trooper, the
one blinded little dupe, who dies, or plunges,
or loses his legs in the name of the father
Here is Mowbray's view of actual
Now oiin of the peasant soldiers was run
ring up the slope from tho an of the staff,
lie was bare-headed, shocky-haired, and
btarded. making queer, high sounds like a
squirrel as he ran quite out of order and
amazed at himself. He -would have 'been
struck down by his nearest neighbor te-
days later felled with the nearest officer";
sword, but there was funic and a bit of dls-
BLSSD 15 THE IRISH GIFT
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IVX , & ; his ? r 1 1
'w , " ' 11 f If IP-
u if Mm - H
f ' or 'f5 I " .
'S' v :-----'-r --;--" --v . -,- ?'.- ... 4 ,
r5 ' i J - " ' . 3
may In the heart of the raw division that
suffered the soldier to make his way to the
Lifting his legs lumberhigly, he held fast
to his left wrist, where a bullet had started
the blood. He held the wound high. This
was the red fleece lus drips of blood were
in each raw soul now. A little way'farther
and the staff awoke. An officer spoke. The
peasant was caught and booted quiet. Kol
vllir licked his lips to keep them still. He
perceived that Mowbray's eyes had fastened
upon his mouth. The Hps opened again.
The order came forth for the soldier to be
flogged." : ' . . It was their particular
friend. Dabnttz, a lieutenant of the staf
who was given the execution-of this order.
When Peter's friend, Samarc, is found
in a hospital:
They had not searched 10 minutes (calling
"Samarc" softly among the cots where the
faces were bandaged before a hand came
up to them. It was I'etcr who took It: and
as their h&uds met, the .whole fabric of the
man on the cot broke into trembling. They
understood Samarc had been lying there
rigid with his tragedy. Peter's touch had
been enough to break the dam of his misery.
"I have ceased to kill," he said.
The head was twice as big with bandages;
yet under the effigy, so terrible was the In
tensity of the moment, Peter became con
scious of ruin there, also of a sudden Icy
c.ld In the morning air. Samarc's power
ful hand still clutched his. The voice that
had emerged from under the cloths was stiil
in his ears. It had aeemed to come as water
from a pipe loosely, the faucet gone. The
hand was unhurt.
. . He had come In the night. I
did not speak but my heart was fighting
against the guns. He was moving here and
there. He turned to me, as if I had sud
denly cried out, 'What shall I do? . . .
'You can cease to kill,' he cried."
They were in the street again, moving
close to the walls, for the cavalry was
crowding the narrow highway. They crossed
finally to a stone-paved area at the side of
Judenbach's main building. Their feet were
upon the stone flags of this court, when
suddenly Labnlts hurried forward, with a
gesture for them to stand back.
"Just a moment, my friends," he said.
"A little formality, but very necessary- "
Peter lifted his eyes, perceived three men
standing bearheaded against the wall of
headquarters, 20 paces away. One of them
exclaimed, his voice calm but penetrating.
"We are not spies. We do not care to
turn our backs. Ve are not afraid to die,
for we have made our lives count "
It was the voice of a public speaker: the
voice of a man making good many words.
. . rabnitz stepped between Bo3lan
and Mowbray, stretching out hi arms be
fore them. It was all in an Instant. They
saw Dabnitz' apologetic smile and a Rus
sian platoon at their right, rifles raised
then the ragged volley.
Each of the three fell differently.
A friend gives ePter this message for
It is the long night of Europe.
France sits in dust upon the ground, staring
toward the end. Mother England has called
for her sons and some have not answered.
She turns her frewt-rimmed glass from the
grim horizons to the grimmer skies, and al
ways in the movement of the darkened
sh'adows Is written the word. "Disaster."
. Smileless Germany, stricken as never
a nation was stricken before, save by the
wrath of Gold, still holds to the- fatal en
chantment "of a fatherland of the ground,
While the change In the Prussian boundaries
a,re marked In fire and blood of her children.
. . . Russia is looking southward, furious
to open her- casements upon the perilous
seas gloomy millions of the tundras, mighty
millions of the ice-ringing plains looking
southward. marching southward, today
marking time, tomorrow a league, but south
ward as a ship in passage. Russia, the
young, holy genii battling with demons In
her breast, everything to win and only the
bruits of her world-shocking fecundity to
lose southward to slaughter through the
long night. ... A call to America
through the long night the voice calling
for her to put on her splendid, her initial
magic. The voice from the vision of sorrow
illumined men In frozen bivouacs, crying to
America to hold fast to the dream of her
founders, lest the vessel of the future be
drained of vital essence. Indeed to hold
fast until we come . . . crying for
America to answer, not with rapacious In
tellect, not the answer or a militant ooay,
but answering from the soul of the New
World, with Its original vitality In the
fatherhood of God.
Dainties for Home rarties. by Florence Wil
liams. 50 cents. Harper & Bros., New
Our author was formerly of the Me
chanics and Pratt Institutes, of the
East, and her little book is one of
first-class excellence and usefulness. It
Is a cookbook for dance suppers,
bridge suppers, receptions, luncheons
ar.d other entertainments.
The German War, by A. Conan Doyle. 73
cents. George H, Doran Company, New
Of course, this distinguished English
author the creator of Sherlock Holmes
presents tho British view of the
present war, and shows just where he
thinks tho Germans have been to
blame. The British position Is lucidly
There are nine essays: The Causes
of the War; The World-War Conspir
acy; The Devil's Doctrine; The Great
German Plot; The "Contemptible Little
Army": A Policy of Murder; Madness;
Great Britain and the Next War; Afterthoughts.
A Belgian Christmas Eve by Alfred Xoyes,
I. Illustrated. Frederick A. Stokes- Co.,
New York City.
Complaint has been made that Rud-
yard Kipling has written no poetry as
yet worthy of the theme or the pres
ent warN,in Europe.
The promised poetic salvation may
come from Mr. Noyes. "A Belgian
Christmas Eve" is made modern and
the idea is evolved from the "Hada
which was such an admirable play,
based on events in the last Balkan
war. This play takes as its text the
occupation of Belgium by German sol
diers. Kuin, tears, bloodshed and
drunkenness and debauchery by some
German soldiers aro depicted. Of
course the sentiment oX the play is
British and anti-German. The title
comes from the actions of one of the
characters, a half-crazed schoolmaster,
aiwl also the fact that the action takes
place in a Belgian village on a Christ
The epilogue .is a poem called. "In
tercession" and is one of the best
things ever , written by this poet. One
Now tho muttering gun-fire dies,
m Now the night has cloaked the slain.
Now the stars putrol the skies.
Hoar our sleepless prayer again!
They who work their country's will,
KiKlit and die for Britain still.
Soldiers, but not haters, know
Thou must pity friend and foe.
Both for too and friend, our prayer.
The Truth About Twilight Sleep, by Hanna
Klon (Mrs. Frank ver BecK). 51.au. Illus
trated. McBride, Nast &. Co.. New York
This is a common-sense but learned,
authoritative book - on a personal in
vestigation of the Freiburg method of
painless childbirth, through the use of
two certain irugs and special medical
treatment by experts.
The subject is open to dispute, for
and against the system. Some say
that the drugs' used afterward affect
the newly-born child and other judges
argue that this viuw is unsound. There
The book tells you all about the af
ftrmative side of the question, with
numerous examples of the efficacy of
the metnod specined.
The IWnrv of a Beauty, by Molly Klliot
tfieawell. $1.25. J. B. Lipplncott Co., Phila
A novel that is a decided novelty. It
is bright and clever.
The heroine. Miss Luella Baird, is
poor girl, but she is blessed (or
cursed) with extraordinary beauty and
develops from a rustic girl in an
American village to a society and stage
star. bometimes she Is unfortunat
but on the whole her path is full of
sunshine and her bread buttered for
Secrets of Success, in War, by Edmund Dane.
SI. George H. Doi'an i:o., Ne v York Cltv.
Based on the letters of Prince Kraft
Zu Hohenloche Ingelnnger, this admir
able and instructive book shows how
modern armies organize. train and
fight. Illuminating -comparisons are
made of the British and German mili
tary systems. The author shows why
General von Bernahrdi's expectation
or tne instant success of the German
military system and policy have not
as yet been fulfilled.
A Russian Comedy of Errors, by George
Kennan. 1.2j. The Century Company,
New York' City.
George Kennan knows his Russia as
few other men do. He first visited it
40 years ago. In this volume of S31
pages we meet with reprinted sketches
of many stories that have made Ken
nan famous. These Russian stories are
humorous, dramatic, adventurous and
all worth the while.
Resursam: Poems and Lyrics, by O. R. How
ard Thompson. :iti pages. William M.
Eighteen poems, polished and intel
lectual, some exotic and some finely
sentimental. The poems. "The Christ
Child" and "The Agnostic, f.re ultra-
liberal in thought and scarcely ortho
Bred of the Desert, by Marcus Horton. 1 1.30.
Harper & Bros.. New York City.
A nearly human story of a horse, an
American story told with wonderful
KEW BOOKS RECEIVED.
Grocer Greatheart, by Arthur H. Adams,
$1.25, a healthy, interesting story of a ship
wreck in the South Seas and life on an
island: and The Snare, by George Vane.
$1.25, a novel, pricipally of aristocracy (John
Lane Co., N. Y.). .
. A Girl of the Blue Ridge, by Payne Ers
klne. SI. 35. a fascinating novel of people and
places In me mountains of Xorth Carolina,
I.ittl. Tlr.vn X- Hn.lnn.l
Books Added to
DESCRIPTION AND TRAVEL.
Anderson Peftples of India. 1S13.
Dole Spell of Switzerland. 1013.
Lucas Wanderer in Venice. 1914.
Neve Thirtv years in Kashmir. 1913.
Redwav & Hinman Natural introductory
irevor-uatiye aaipuig in v. ic, i.iu.
Murfree The storm center: a novel, by
C. E. Craddock, peeud.
Wallace uaunt gray wone; a. taie ut -venture
with "Ungava Bob."
ilkin T.e vent (The wind) grande etuda
flans lo genre pathetluue, for pianoforte, op.
15. no. a. cl90f.
Arenskv sclierzo. op. a. piano swio. wvm.
Ball Art of the photoplay. Ed. 2. cllS.
Bird Menuet. op. 81, no. 1 piano. cl2.
Branscombe Love in a life, song-cycie;
Ith nlano accompaniment, words from
Sonnets from the Portuguese," by E. B.
Chnmlnade Arlequine. pour piano, op. o
Coleridge-Taylor scenes rrom an imagin
ary ballet, a suite of five pieces lor tne
pianoforte, op. ii. cum.
Couperln Les barricades mysterleuses,
rondeau, piano solo. n. d.
DavtuaoD caucaticnai meiuiirrun. ipio.
Dltson. Oliver, co pub. l'J14 vocal la-
Edwards, comp. Book of anagespeare
son as, with musical settings oy various com
KnntH Nnnn. on. o. ciatfz.
Qabrilowttsch Theme varle. pour piano.
up. 4. n. d.
(iaynor An aioum ox boii buusb,
Gavnor Rose songs. cl815
Gluok Favotte. transcribed by Jon.
Godard Album of songs. clab.
r.nnHrLh "Ave Maria" (Victor von
Rchpffeii. for chorus and orchestra. cl897.
Hadley Four Heine songs, set to musio,
up. 14. clSiiH-1000.
Hadley Twelve songs for medium voice,
op. 12. clS98.
Hallock Muckey Volo production ana
Haydn composition en lur pianoione.
Heller 20 preludes, novella serie, pour
piano, op. laii. low.
Hind William Hogarth, his original en.
cravinER and etchings. 1912.
Hjertberg Athletics in theory and practice.
Homer Bandanna ballads, five songs with
piano accompaniment, op. 22; poems by
' , , , , an, wnMdn. gihui.
Huckel Richard Wagner, the man ana nis
Jonas Fantaslestucke ( rantasy-pieces j op.
10. for pianoforte, cisaw.
Klein. -d. Bisoham son? album. clW'8.
I.anner Lanner-album. sammlunsr der be-
lieotesten waitzer lur pianoiorie zu z nanucn.
Leschetizkv Les deux alouettes, am-
nromntn on. 2. no. 1. nour piano seul. n. d
Mendelssohia-Bartholdy Hear my prayer,
motet for sirano solo and chorus, word!
by w. Barjp iomew. n. a.
Moszkowski Caprice espagnol, op. 87,
piano solo, c1899,
Moszhowskl Valso brillante, for piano.
Moussorcsky Boris Oodunoff. drama mas-
lcale nopolare in un prologo e anattro atti;
nuova cdizfrone, riveduta rltoccate e strumen-
tata da N. Rimsky-Korsakoff. C1909.
Mozart Pastorale variee, avec cadenza.
for the pianoforte. C1880.
Oestcrle. ed. Anthology of modern clas
sic for the piano. civ04.
Kacnmaiunov i-iacnmaninoit aioum, eigns
favorite nieces for pianoforte. 1913.
Repertoire classlque, oeuvres cholsles pour
piano. nv. n. d.
roidini v aine ue i evemau, op. -i. no. i:
"WALL GARDENING IS HELD CERTAIN
TO BECOME POPULAR IN PORTLAND
Hillside Sites of Some Residences Make Other Ways of Planting Impossible, but Offer Natural Advantages to
Those Who Would Have Plants Growing Out From Between RockB Some Suggestions Are Given.
aw " i iJ siLZ j
II It h
BT STELLA WALKER DURHAM.
WALL GARDENING is bound to
become a popular form of Floral
planting for Portland people.
The location of some of the best resi
dence districts on the hillsides makes
It the most natural and therefore the
most desirable kind of flower garden
ing for a great many people who wi3f.
to make' the best use of their grounds.
In fact not a, few residences on the
Heights afford no other opportunity
for gardening. An abundance of rocks
is another reason for following out the
sort-of gardening that nature is for
ever suggesting to the dweller on the
hillside. But the reasons are so many
and the charms so great that the .mak
ing of a wall garden should ' be at
tempted by everyone having a natural
site for it. But be sure that you, do
have a natural opportunity for it be
fore you try the making of a wall gar
den. If the grounds are perfectly level
and there are no rocks within a mile
It Is better to stick to more orthodox
if less interesting kinds of gardening.
Garden Solve Problem.
But if the land is sloping and re
taing walls are necessary, by all means
have them built so plants can grow in
them. In many places the problem of
what to do with a steep slope, where
it is difficult to make grass grow and
more difficult to get it mowed, can
most happily be solved by doing with
out the grass altogether and turning
the terrace into a wall garden. If the
slope is a long one, it is better to
build the wall in tiers. Grass or
graveled paths may form the divisions
between the tiers. For convenience in
cultivation the wall should be con
structed so that every part of it can
be easily reached.
The planting of the wall may be done
either Uuiins its construction or after
rVlBW YORK, April 17. (Special.) I
Quite as important as the ammu
nition and the men in the schemes of I
war Is the financial side of the problem. I
Dr. Helfferich, the head of the Deutsche!
Bank of Berlin, has had the chief re
sponsibility of financing the war, for
the German government and he has
worked so successfully to preserve Ger
man credit that the Kaiser recently
conferred a decoration on him.
Europe is watching with feverish in
terest every sign which might indicate
the final determination of Italy in re
gard to the war. It was much excited,
therefore, when Ambassador Tittoni,
who represents Italy in Paris, was re
called to Rome a few days ago for a
conference. The gossips took this as
a plain indication that Italy was about
to take sides with the allies.
Raymond Swoboda is the American
now under arrest in Havre, on suspicion
of being a spy and of having set the
French liner La Touraine on fire. Swo
boda was a passenger on the ship at
the time the fire occurred and some re
marks he made .to other passengers
caused suspicion to fall on him, espe
cially as the fire broke out in the vicin
ity of some sample cases of his. He
says that he is American-born and that
he was merely trying to sell American
manufactures to the allies.
General Sir Douglas Haig is a veteran
of the Kile expedition and the South
African War, and for gallant services
has won many decorations. He is now
serving as first aide to General French.
Reports emanating from Germany to
the effect that all of Germany is not
and Fantasle fur pianoforte zu zwet banden,
op. 3a. n. d.
Rles Morning, a cantata; English words
by J. S. Dwlght. n. A.
Scarlatti Saprlcclo: arr. for concert uss
by Carl Tausig. clUOl.
Scarlatti Pastorale in E minor, arr. for
concert performance by Carl Tausig, C18SS.
VIOLINIST STEALS MARCH
Cafe Entertainer Weds St. Paul
Newspaper Man "on Quiet."
MINNEAPOLIS. April 11. Diners at
the Rogers cafe the other night discov
ered that Miss Beatrice Berrum, the
violinist, was missing. Inquiry revealed
that Miss Berrum stole a march on her
wards. But, of 'course, it must be
built -with the idea of supporting plant
life In mind. It must be put" together
with soil-and without the use of ce
ment. This is what is called "dry
walling." The soil in the crevices
should be of as good quality as would
be used elsewhere for the growing of
Essential Points Told.
The essential points in the making
of the wall are: (1) There must be
no air spaces between the soil in the
crevices and the earth behind the wall.
The roots must be able to find a foot
ing as far back as they wish to go.
(2) ' Each stone should tilt slightly,
so that it will carry water to the roots
of the plants. (3) Each stone should
be set back a trifle farther than the
one below it. so that moisture can get
into the crevices below.
When it comes to the question of
what to plant the wall gardener can
have a delightful time making his
choice, for there is an Infinite variety
of things that are suitable. Many
plants will thrive in the moist pockets
of a well-built wall that would have
a severe struggle for existence In the
open border. In general it Is better
to use plants that are close-growing or
have a tendency to droop rather than
those that make a prim upright
ExpoRvre la Factor.'
Of course, the selection of the plants
must depend somewhat upon the ex
posure of the wall. A wall facing north
would require different plantings from
one having a direct southern expo
sure. If an abundance of bloom Is de
sired for a particular season, at a beach
place, for instance, the planting may
be done for concentrated effect in
Spring, Summer or Fall, as the case
Grouping -or colonizing is a more at
tractive way of planting than setting
in individual gpecimens. however In-
war , mad is strengthened by the stand
of the German Socialists. In the Ger
man Reichstag, where the Socialists are
practically the dominating factor, they
have, it is said, risen In all their elo
quence to demand an immediate and
lasting peace. One of the most active
of these peace-seeking Socialists Is said
to be Philip Scheidemann. With the aid
of Liebknecht. the recognized leader.
Scheidemann and a score of other ag
gressive members, recently, it is re
ported, caused a storm in the chamber
of the lower house by demanding that
friends and was married to Clare D.
MacGregor. a St. Paul newspaper man.
The. pair met In Duluth while Miss
Berrum was playing there, at the St.
Louis cafe and Mr. MacGregor was city
editor of a Duluth newspaper. Miss
Berrum's parents live in St. Paul.
Cut College Course 2 Years Is Plea.
LAWRENCE, Kan., April 11. Fresh
man and sophomore years In college
should be given to the high schools,
thus cutting the college course to two
years," Professor Charles H. Judd. of
the University of Chicago told 200 Kan
sas high school teachers at their an
nual meeting at the University of Kan
sas. The whole public school system of
the United States Is built on a wrong
foundation. Prof essor . Judd asserted.
Zanes z'n rt Watts.
teresting such specimens may be in
Probably the eaxiost way to cover a
wall with plant life is to train ivy
over it. but If planted with other
things, ivy Is likely to take entire po
sepsion and when alone it is colorless
Some "tuftsteBtiens Made.
If the wall is massive in effect,
wichuriana, roses can be freely used.
Cotoneastcr and Japanese barberry are
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the government take steps to end the
war. Scheidemann protested bitterly
against the government's aliened action
in placing the ban on Socialist writings
and speeches. Immediately after this
Liebknecht arose, and. according to re
port, in scathing terms, despite the
hteses of the Conservatives, arraigned
the policy of the government in Poland.
The military authorities, angered by
Liebknecht's criticism, have sent him to
splendid suhjecls for the tops of walls,
especially If a Winter effect Is desired.
Perhaps in beginning a wall garden
It is Just as well to start with wild
things. And, by the way, one of the
charms of wall gardening is that it
can be begun at any time and added
to Indefinitely for blank spaces do not
at all detract from it. as in beds or
borders. In fact it is better never
quite to cover all the rocks. Every bit
of woodland about Portland contains
enough suitable wild plants to make a
wall garden interesting without using
anything else. There are many vari
eties of mosses and ferns that are
splendid for a wall with northern ex
posure, and for the sunny side there
are native saxifrages that have good
foliage all the year around and pretty
Plant Seem Just T Craw.
Tn an old wall one will often find
mosses and ferns that seem to have
grown spontaneously. In the writer's
wall garden there are most exquisite
lace-like ferns that I am sure human
hands did not plant. Whether I am
indebted to the wind or to the birds
for planting the seeds I do not know.
But I suspect that the seeds were
carried on the feet of chipmunks, who
appear to have a subterranean village
behind this particular wall. Every few
minutes one will dart Into a hole and
reappear again, with lightning-like
rapidity, perhaps a dozen feet away.
They delight in hldine: their exits and
their entrances behind draperies of
feBtooned flowers. 1 am often ask'-d
if the chipmunks do not destroy tho
plants, but they do singularly little
The wall Is planted with luxuriously
growing things, not with valuable
specimens, and 1 do not see that it Is
any worse for housing the chipmunks.
Chipmunks Make I'lautlngs.
The little rascals frequently under
take to make plantings on their own
account, which I ruthlessly uproot, for
their taste runs to hazel bushes and
dogwood trees and the proportions of
my small garden do not submit to
such ambitious plantings.
Probably the most widely planted of
all rock plants in Arabis. or rock cress,
which Is at the height of its bloom at
this season. It grows close to the wall
and the masses of white blossoms look
at a distance like drifts of snow. It
will grow in almost any situation and
increases rapidly. Another similar
plant is aubretia, a blue variety of
which Is a favorite in wall gardens.
The effect of the two, when generoUHly
planted together, is charming at this
The blossoms of perennial slys-um
are Just comin? out and look like
"Gold Dust," as the plant is commonly
called. Primroses are very pretty in
the pockets of the wall at this season.
Thlme Hssfts Orarefalljr.
The dwarf variety of baby's breath
and perennial candytuft are good for
masses of white after the rock crss
Is gone. Bunches of thyme hang grace
fully from between the. rocks and give
delight with their fragrance and all
year greenness, besides furnishing a
Wall gardening is extensively car
ried on in England and niont of the
English - books devote a chapter or
more to it. As has been frequently
suggested In these columns, the Eng
lish books are more helpful to the
Oregon gardener because of the like
ness of this climate to that of England.
"The Small Rock Garden." by E. II.
Jenkins, contains explicit directions
for the construction and planting of
walls and "Wall and Water Gardens,"
by Gertrude Jekyll, is a more elabor
ate treatise of the same subject. Copies
of both may be procured from the
reviewed on this page caa
b found at your Book
store. The J. K. GILL CO.
Third and Alder.
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