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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Oct. 11, 1914)
Pages 1 to 18
VOL. XXXIII-XO. 41.
PORTLAyD, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER, 1U14.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
City Falls, With Exception
of Few Forts,
KDST OF BRITISH ESCAPE
Two Brigades Reach Ostend,
but 2000 Men, Cut Off, Are
Interned in Holland.
BIG BATTERIES BLOWN UP
Stronghold Six Miles North
east Still Intact and Ar
tillery Duel Goes On.
LONDON, Oct. 10. Antwerp has
fallen into the hands of the Germans
with the exception of a few outlying
forts, which cannot affect the out
standing facts, but its capture, im
portant and stirring as it has been,
was robbed of much of its intrinsic
value, it is contended here, by the es
cape of the garrison.
The defenders, it appears, held on
long enough to enable them to take
full stock of the situation and evacu-
ted the citadel when it became evi
dent that the doom of the town was
sealed. Toward the close of the de
fense only a sufficient garrison to
work the remaining available guns was
left to hold Antwerp.
British Brigades Are Safe.
The first official admission that
the British participated in the defense
of Antwerp is contained in an Admir
alty announcement that three naval
brigades, with heavy guns, had been
sent there during the last week of the
German" attack. The announcement
adds that in the retreat from Antwerp
two of the British brigades reached
Ostend safely. The other, however,
was cut off to the north of Lokeren,
a town in East Flanders, 12 miles
northeast of Ghent, and 2000 of the
men were interned in Holland.
The retreat of the Belgian army was
British Losi Less Than 500.
. The losses of the British naval bri
gades probably will be less than 500
out of a total of 8000 men.
At midday Friday the advance force
of the Germans reached Antwerp and
the full surrender of the city evidently
occurred at 2:30 in the afternoon.
Beaten back from their last defenses,
the Belgians blew up their heavy bat
teries and withdrew to rejoin their
comrades, who previously had evacu
ated their positions.
J S The forts around Contich, six miles
intact and the duel between them and
the German artillery is reported as
(Concluded on Fag fi.)
, .fesSv XtST-'"" UNDERSTAND-, . C.ERAaA " ' ffAB ftlP
i v '
ROME, Opt. lO, via London Dis
patches from Berlin emphatically dear
the charge pf the BrRlao srovernment
that the populace of Brnssela hag been
reduced., to a atate of famine by the
Germans, who have commandeered all
the food supplies.
LODO, Oct. lO. A. dispatch from
Rome to the Exchange Telegraph Com
pany says fusltlves from Sarajevo de
clare that the city is suffering; from
famine. The MonteneKrins hold not
only the raUroad, but also the roads
over which it is possible to transport
LONBOS, Oct. 10. A dispatch to the
Dally Mall from Ostend saya that the
Germans nave blown up nil the bridges
between Ghent nnd Inajrlemunater and
Have destroyed the railroad station at
Vive Steelol. I-uxlemunster and Vive
Stcelol nre on the railway line between
Ghent and Courtrni.
WASHIKGTOS, Oct. lO. Henry W.
Diederlch, American Consul-General at
Antwerp, cabled the State Department
from Ghent today confirming reports
of his flight from the besieged Belglnn
capital last Thar "17. He said the last
tblng he saw as he fled from Antwerp
was n group of Americnn petroleum
tanks in full blnse.
VIENNA, Oct. 10, via Berlin The
Relchspost declares that recent English
diplomatic attempts at Coustantlnople
have, resulted in n failure, and that
Kngland Is now too weak: to fight the
BERLIN. Oct. 10, via wireless to Say
vllle, Ij. I. The German war loan,
which amounts already to 2,420,000,000
mnrka f6O5,OO0,O0O), has been paid up
In cash to the amount of 036,000,000
BERLIN, Oct. 10, by wireless to Say
vllle, L. I. It Is officially given out
Sere that the seat of tbe Servian gov
ernment has been moved from IVIsh
and is now at Uskub.
LONDON, Oct. 10. In a dispatch from
Amsterdam the correspondent of -the
Exchange Telegraph Company aays
that the Bureau Welnsehr, n semi-official
news agency, asserts that a decla
ration of war on Germany by Portugal
la expected in Berlin at any moment.
- ROME, Oct. 10, via London. German
advices are that German reinforce
ments are being rushed to the Russian
frontier, not only by train, but by sea,
from Stettin, Strabund, Dansle; aad all
other available Baltic ports.
BASEL, Switzerland, via Far-, Oct.
10. According to information here,
constant changes . are taking place
among the German Generals, with the
exception of those In the most Impor
tant commands on both frontiers. - At
the same time minor officers are aure
of prompt promotion after any success
ful nctlon In which they have shown
intelligence and bravery.
GENEVA, Switzerland, Oct. 10. (Via
Paris.) A dispatch received here from
Basel sa?s the German Crown Prince,
Frederick William, met his . wife at
Luxemburg and endenvored to persuade
her to return to Germany. The Crown
Princess had come from Berlin, bring
ing with her several iron crosses with
which she personally was to decorate
the officers of her regiment for brav
ery. LONDON, Oct. 11. Th first official
admission that the British participated
In the defense of Antwerp Is contained
in nn Admiralty announcement that
three naval brigades, with heavy guns,
had been sent there during the last
week of the German attack.
WASHINGTON, Oct. JO. The Ger
man Embassy today received the fol
lowing wireless from Berlin 1 "Ameri
cnn hospital Red Cross has arrived at
Rotterdam. The delegation was wel
comed there by the German and
Austrian consuls and is proceeding to
Bcnthclm, where a reception Is ar
ranged for them by the people of the
town. Then they will proceed to
Insulters of Prisoners Arrested.
GENEVA. Oct. 10, via Paris. Accord
ing: to information reaching this city
from Munich, several English and
French prisoners were being marched
through the Munich streets recently
when a group of civilians called out
insults at them." The officer in com
mand reprimanded the crowd and
when the insults continued he had sev
ARMIES NEAR LILLE
Great Forces of Horse
men Are Engaged.
SABRE AND LANCE IN PLAY
Infantry Come to Bayonets in
Vicinity of Arras.
CORPSES SHIELD SOLDIERS
Allies Continue Efforts to Dislodge
Germans Beyond Roye, Posses-.
slon of WTiich Means Con
trol ' of liailroad.
KROIT THE BATTLE FRONT (via
Paris, Oct. 10. Saber and lance came
into play many times today. The
French, British and German Hussars,
lancers, dragoons and cuirassiers In
enormous . numbers came into contact
near Lille. -
There were no brilliant charges by
long lines of horsemen to record, but
the British squadron in khaki and the
French In their, light and dark blue uni
forms often crossed swords with the
blue-gray clad Germans.
, Town of Albert in Ruins.
There is not an inch of ground hereabouts-which
does not show traces of
the awful character of the battle. The
town of Albert is a mass of ruins, only
a church- steeplo remaining standing.
Roye has disappeared under constant
bombardment. It was the center of
the German effort to break through
the allied lines. The German artillery
men had taken advantage of many
quarries In the vicinity, where they
Placed guns which were beyond, the
reach of the French artillery.
Reconnoltering parties, seeking to
discover the strength of the opponents,
frequently came In conflict. In these
engagements the soldiers , would take
shelter behind, the -many . bodies on the
field or occasionally make smart dkshes
across the' open- with their arms glit
tering in the sunlight. Nothing oc
curred,whlch could be called a general
battle. . ; '
- infantry Come to Bayonets.
The vicinity of Arras, however, was
the scene of vigorous encounters be
tween infantrymen who engaged in
close lighting with the bayonet after
the artillery duel ceased. At some
points along the line numbers of Ger
mans approached the trenches of the
allies without their rifles and offered
to surrender if food were given them,
saying that the rations at that part
of the German position had run out.
Beyond Roye, where the fighting has
been exceptionally severe for 15 days,
as possession of the place means con
trol of the railroad lines and also the
road to Amiens, the allies continued
their efforts to dislodge the Germans,
who held, on witli wonderful tenacity.
It was necessary for the allies to con
duct regular siege operations to get at
French Advance In Alsnce.
Farther east the French made a con
siderable advance in Alsace and cap
tured some territory on the heights. of
the Meuse. where the Germans ' at
tacked them repeatedly, but always
were beaten back. Night attacks ap
pear to have ceased for the present
except in a few isolated instances.
General Sibille. a French Infantry
commander, has been killed by a frag
ment of a shrapnel shell.
Cavalry Meet Near Lille.
' PARIS, Oct. 10.4-The official com
munication issued by the French War
Department tonight said:
"The information received tonight
(Concluded on Page 4.)
IN THE WEEK'S NEWS
INDEX OF TODAYS NEWS
'' The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 61
degrees; minimum, 51 degrees.
TODAY'S Occasional rains; . southeasterly
Battle alone front in France becomes artil
lery duel. Section 1, pass 1.
Dr. Charles W. Eliot ' aays Germany's mili
tary policy is wrong-. Section 1. page O;
King Charles of Roumania, friend of Ger
many, dies. Section 1. page 3.
Russians say new conditions In Gallcia make
secrecy necessary. Section 1. page 2.
E. Alexander Powell pictures Antwerp Just
before capitulation. Section 1. page 1.
Austrlans assert they are making great
gains in Gallcia. Section 1, page 2.
Antwerp capitulates but most of garrison
escapes. Section . page 1.
Representatives Mann and Keflln have tilt
in House. Section 1, page 7.
Colonel's cause destroys last prestige- of
popularity among Republicans. - Section
1. page 7.
Coast League results;. Venice 6-2, Portland
. O-l : Missions 3, San Francisco 1; Los
Angeles 6, Oakland 6. Section 2, page 1.
University of Oregon outplays light Whit
man team, winning by score. Sec
tion 2. page 2.
Jam's twirls greatest game m world's series
history, which Boston takes, 1 to 0. Sec
tion 1, page 1.
Aggies defeat Multnomah. IO to 8,: In first
Portland game of season. Section 2,
page 2. .
Delayed throw is responsible for Braves'
victory. Section 2, page 1.
Harvard forced to fight hard to defeat
Washington and Jefferson. Section 2.
Cofforth arranges lightweight elimination
series. Section 2, page G.
Portland Academy and Lincoln High, old
rivals, to meet Wednesday. Section 2,
Ty Oobb- American League champion bats
maa for eight consecutive years. Section
2, page 4.
Bill James' father even doubted son's abil
ity to become world-famous. Section 2,
Washington Republicans hope for victory
by Senator Jones and entire party dele
gation to Congress. Section 1, page 9.
Vancouver soldiers to drill for Red Cross
benefit. Section 1. page 9.
Enrollment at Oregon Agricultural College
greater than year ago. Section 1,
Roseburg votes bonds to build railroad
after 50 years of waiting. Section 1,
Prohibition amendment and eight-hour law
measures awaken Spokane voters. Sec
tion 1, page 8.
State of Washington owns 1.931,705 acres of
land received from Federal Government.
Section 1, page 8.
Eugene Guard prints affidavits showing
terms of Governor's laudatory mention of
Booth in speech. Section 1, page 10.
Oregon Agricultural College co-eds rule
themselves. Section 2, page 16.
Commercial and Marine.
Fifteen thousand bales of hops bought In
Oregon in past week. Section 2, page 15.
Chicago wheat advances on increased for
eign buying. Section 2, page 15.
Domestio monev conditions are distinctly
improved. Section 2. . page 13.
New carrier added to Dodge line, making
. East Coast sorts. Section 2. page 6..
. Real ISstate and Building. -
Old Westminster .Church property sold.
Section 4, page 8.
Factory to cost 225,00" among projected
city Improvements, section 4, page 8.
. Portland aad Vicinity.
Apple Day plans being arranged on compre
hensive . scale.- -Section 1. page J2.
Dr. Chapman to give, series of lectures on
literature at Y. M. C. A. Section 1.
Portland man learns of death of brother in
German army. Section 1, page 14.
Cltv Auditor goes ahead with plans for
recall election. Section 1, page l:l.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section 2
Recall is debated bv candidates and others
before Oregon Civic League," Section 1
Large mileage added to good roads of Ore
gon in 1914. Section 1, page 30.
Nlsht schools to open tomorrow with ap
proximate enrollment of 6000. Section 1
A. C Dixon refutes attacks on Booth-Kelly
attitude to employes. Section 1. page 11.
Adiutant-General Finater thinks war will last
year at least. Section 1. page 14.
Work rushed on North Bank terminals st
Flavel. . Section 2. psge .
Republican chairman makes fun of Dr.
Smith's clamor for debate. Section 1,
Transportation men to celebrate nt Land
Products Show. November 5. Section 1,
' pace 12.
GERMANY IS OVERJOYED
Capitulation of Antwerp Viewed as
Beginning of End.
ROME. Oct. lO. by way of London.
Dispatches from Berlin say that the
capitulation of Antwerp has caused un
precedented enthusiasm throughout
Germany, where the general voplnion is
that the fall of the Belgian city marks
the beginning of the end.'
Everywhere there are signs of great
rejoicing. Flags have been raised and
demonstrators " parade the streets, ac
claiming the army.
ARE INTERPRETED PICTORIALLY BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS' THUS:
BRAVlb WIN 1-0
Ifi PITCHERS' DUEL
James and Plank Twirl
BOSTON NOW HAS 2-GAME LEAD
Athletics' Break Comes
. Fatal Ninth.
DEAL UPSETS MACKMEN
Substitute'Thlrd Saokcr for Stalllngs
' Pounds Plank Offering for Long
Two-Base Hit and Then
. PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 10. In a
pitchers' battle with a dramatic climax
usually reserved for baseball fiction,
the Boston Nationals defeated the
Philadelphia Americans here today In
the second game of the world's series
by a score of 1 to 0.
As a result of the victory the Braves
left for Boston tonight with a ' two
game lead over the Athletics and the
added advantage of playing the next
two contests on their home grounds
when the series is resumed on Monday.
Although the American League rep
resentatives were forced to bow for
the second time In two days to the
superior play of their National League
rivals, tbey offered a far more deter
mined opposition than was the case on
Friday. For eight innings the two
clubs battled behind the , pitching of
James and Plank without the semblance
of an advantage.. Then came the break
in the gamu and once again the Mack
men saw another world's series con
test slip from their clutches to the
credit of the Stalling; clan.
Deal Hero of Game.
James had been pitching unhittable
ball, and Plank,-' while not quite as
effective, had, with the aid of his re
markable In Held, held Boston scoreless.
The Athletics' veteran twitler was
working as smoothly as at the begin
ning' of the game when Maranvllle
faced him at the opening of the ninth
inning. The phantom-like shortstop
went out, Barry to Mclnnis. and Deal,
substitute third-baseman, in place of
Red Smith, stepped to the plate.
The Athletics' followers were al
ready figuring on what -chance their
players had to win out in the ninth.
Deal and James appeared to be easy
outs. The Boston's third sacker who
had hit into three double plays on Fri
day and forced three teammates in to
day's game, was not considered, a bat
It was Deal, however, who upset
Plank's expectations and the Athletics'
chances. He drove a long double over
Strunk's head, and a moment later
stole third when Schang threw low to
Barry to catch Deal off the base. Barry
turned to throw to third, but held the
ball and Deal was safe. Whether
Baker was not close enough to the bag,
or Barry believed It was too late to
head off the runner is not known.
James fanned, but Mann lifted a low
puzzling Texas leaguer over Eddie Col
lins' head and although the latter made
a great 'try for the ball, he just
touched 14 with his finger tips and
sprawled In the turf. Deal dashing
across the plate with the solitary run
of the game.
Athletics See James Totter.
The Athletics replied with a great
rally In their half of the ninth and
James, who had carried tbe game on
his shoulders alone up to this point,
began to totter. The thousands of root
ers for the home club were stamping,
cheering and clapping in unison and
(Concluded on lage 4.)
Saturday's War Moves
ANTWERP and the forts surround
ing the city are now in complete
possession of the Germans, but the
greater part of the Belgian army has
escaped. It took the Germans Just 11
days to capture the strongest fortress
in the world.
The fall of Antwerp is evidence that
even the most powerful forts are no
match for the colossal howitzers which
the invaders have successfully em
ployed against . every fortified place
that stood in their way. These huge
guns open gaps through which the be
siegers fina an entrance for their field
artillery and infantry.
The death roll resulting from the at
tack on and defense of Antwerp has
not been compiled and probably the
full details never will be known, but
all accounts describe it as being terri
bly heavy. The Germans, although
their big guns cleared a path for them,
had to sacrifice many lives in crossing
the rivers and canals and in driving
out the defenders who held the en
trenchments until the last.
The stubbornness of the Belgians
and of those who went to their assist
ance cost them dearly also, so that the
Germans will have long casualty lists.
There is no estimate as to the loss of
life in the city and the damage there.
A question which Is now arising is as
to the effect upon the general campaign
of the German occupation of Antwerp.
The Belgian garrison, or the greater
part of it, escaped and is reported to
be engaged with the Germans.
The strategic importance of Ant
werp consisted in Its menace to the
German lines running through Bel
glum. Now matters have been re
versed, and the allies will have to take
their turn In keeping forces before the
city to prevent the Germans from Ant
werp from attacking their flank or
rear, should they be able to advance.
The Germans propose, according to the
Berlin reports, to use the city as a
base for operations against England.
So long as Great Britain commands
the sea no great part of the German
navy can use the port, even should Ger
many overrule Holland's objection to
the use of the Scheldt by the belliger
ent ships. Germany, it is thought, may
contend that being in possession of the
city she acquires Belgium's right to
use the river on equal terms with the
Dutch and will proceed to build de
stroyers and submarines there to men
ace the British fleet.
If Holland should allow these ves
sels to pass through the Scheldt Great
Britain, it Is declared, would certainly
proclaim it a breach of neutrality. In
any case. Holland's position- becomes
more and more - uncomfortable.
In France, according to the French
communication, the utiles have main
tained their positions in spite of vio
lent attacks at several points. The cav
alry still is engaged along the Belgian
frontier and across it, each side trying
to work around the other's wing. This
movement has compelled the Germans
to withdraw some troops from their
parts of the line and the allies are
seizing the opportunity to make head
The communication -reports that to
the north of the Oise the French troops
have attained a real advantage In sev
eral parts of their zone of action, while
in the St. Mihiel region, .where they
are trying to drive the Germans back
across the Meuse, appreciable progress
has been made.
The German and Russian forces on
the East Prussian frontier are still
fighting stubbornly. The Russians ap
parently continue to make progress
slowly and the Germans, evidently fear
ing another invasion of East Prussia,
according to news from Berlin received
through Rome, are sending reinforce
ments to their army, both by railway
and through the Baltic ports.
An unofficial dispatch received from
Petrograd says the Russians have oc
cupied Marggrabowa, wtiich Is eight
miles over the frontier In East Prus
sia, almost due west of Suwalki. This
would indicate that the Russians have
overcome In this region the German
resistance, which has been of longer
duration than at any other section
after the Germans were driven back
from their attempt to cross the Niemen
River. Lyck, which also has been oc
cupied by the Russians, is 15 miles
south of Marggrabowa.
The death of King
(Concluded on Page 2.)
KEPT IH TERROR
River Scheldt Is Scene of
ESCAPE BY LAND IS CUTOFF
Every Craft That Can Float
Leaves Antwerp Crowded to
Gunwale With Refugees.
MASSES FACE STARVATION
Whole Region Is Stripped of
Food and People Arc
Streaming Into Holland.
BY E. ALEXANDER POWELL.
(Special correspondent of the New Tork
World. Copyright, lull, bv the Press
Publishing Company. Published bv r
ranirenient with the New York World.)
HULST. Oct. 9.-(By courier to
Dutch frontier.) Antwerp has passed
a second night of terror. The bom
bardment recommenced at 10 and
lasted until daybreak. A part of the
city is immune from shells, which de
stroyed buildings iu Place Dernier, the
Boulevard Leopold, near the National
Bank, near the Cathedral and near
the Custom-House and caused enor
mous damage in the suburbs of Ber
cham and Vieuv Dieu.
Three shells struck the Church of .
Civilian Casualties Not Large.
It is impossible to obtain the num
ber of casualties among civilians, but
it is not so large as miglit, be expected.
Consul-General Diederieh, and Yice
Consul Sherman left ; Wednesday
night. James Hare, Arthur Kust and
Edwin Wulle escaped by boat today.
The Germans have pierced the sec
ond line of forts at several points and
already, are in the suburbs.
The Belgians blew up the pontoon
bridge across the Scheldt this morn
ing. No river has ever witnessed such
a scene as the Soehldt for 30 miles be
low Antwerp presents today.
Escape by Land Cut Off.
Every line of escape by land beiiij
cut off, 30,000 people have fled by
river, either by boats or along tbe
towing path. Every craft that can
float is loaded to the gunwales with
refugees. Cargo steamers, ferryboats,
lighters, dredges, yachts, launches,
fishing smacks and rowboats, their
decks jammed with refugees, are mak
ing down stream at full speed. Fully
a quarter of a million people spent
last night in open boats without food
Suffering, particularly among the
women and children and wounded
soldiers, is terrible. Unless relief
measures are taken instantly these
noncombatants are faced with starva-
tion, as the whole region has been
(Concluded on Paye r,.)