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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
, Six Sections
Pages 1 to 20
VOL.. XXXIII NO. 40.
Large Force in Motion
Near Dutch Border.
PEOPLE FLEE FROM VILLAGES
Roads Leading to'. Belgian
Coast Being Repaired.
FRENCH LEFT IS - GAINING
Germans Admit General Ton Kluck
Is Going; Northward, but Assert
He Is Taking: Own Time
and Holding I'd Well.
HULST, Holland. Oct. 3. Prepara
tory to the final siege of-Antwerp,
large detachments of German troops,
composed for the most part of naval
reserves and . landwehr, are moving
westward parallel with the Dutch
Several villages between Alost and
Ghent have been deserted by the in
habitants. Driving their cattle before
them and moving as much as possible
of their furniture on wheelbarrows and
handcarts, the Flemish peasants are
moving westward as fast as they can.
nefngees Coins Into Holland.
Large numbers probably will be
obliged to cross the frontier into Dutch
territory. Everything is ready to re
ceive them. Those who are unable to
provide for themselves will be sent at
once to the Dutch refuge camps in the
Province of Gelderland, where the
Dutch government has thus far taken
care of about 12,000 refugees.
The activity of the Germans in Brus
sels since September 24 and their en
ergy in repairing the roads leading to
the Belgian coast of the . North Sea
have been marked.
Storms Matte Country- Marsh.
Becent storms have blown the waters
of the Scheldt far over the regions to
the south and east of the town and the
surrounding country has been convert
ed into a mars'j.
LONDON, Oct. 4. The Antwerp cor
respondent of the Exchange Telegraph
Company, in a message dated Satur
day night, says:
"No new attack has been made on
the Belgian- front tonight. The situa
tion this morning remained the same
as was indicated in the official com
munication given out Friday night."
VOX KIvtCK RETIRES SIOWLY
Along Line In France.
LONDON, Oct. 3. German accounts
and those of the French agree only,
as to the battle In France, that Gen
eral von Kluck Is still going north
ward, though at a snail's pace, and
that he is so powerful that General
Joffre has been obliged to. admit that
the German commander has been able
to make a French detachment, de
bouching from Arras, fall back.
Further south, in the neighborhood of
Roye, according to the German staff,
the French have been dislodged from
their positions, but the French com
munique declares that the : German
assaults were shattered.
'"Second, on the center nothing is to
be noted from Rheims to the Argonne
region. In the Argonne district the
Sixteenth German Corps (the army of
the Crown Prince), which had attempt
ed to slip by througt the woods of
Grurlem, has been driven back toward
5 (Concluded on Pace's. ) "
wro y as
LOBTOOX, Oct. 4. A Hamburg-American
Line boat tu succeeded In running
the Japanese blockade and has reached
Tatng-Tau, scat of government of the
(icrnun concession of Ivlan-Chau, with
a cargo of ammunition. Such is the in
formation contained In a message from
Tlen-Tsin, China, by the Weekly Dis
LOSDON, Oct. -. A Petrograd .dis
patch to the Renter Telegram Company
saya that the Russian papers announce
that Emperor William has been making
speeches along the Russian frontier at
Bromberg and Thorn on the "inevitable
victory of German culture."
BERLIN, Oct. 3. A dispatch received
from Vienna says that the Austria!
advance against the Servians la pro
ceeding slowly but favorably. Several
Servian battalions were destroyed dor
Ing a revolt among the Moslems. Twen
ty thousand Albanians have . marched
against Uskup (a town In the vicinity
of Cossovo. lOO miles northwest of
SalonikI) . and have demanded Its tnr
BERLIN, Oct. 3. The war Office says
a letter found on a Belgian officer who
was captured by the Germans contained
the following! "When we re-enter
Brussels we will take with us a large
stock' of matches to set fire to Cologne
and every other place through " which
we pass. Henceforth we will have
more Injured prisoners. Everybody will
LOIVDOX. Oct. 3. The following of'
f trial statement. Issued in Berlin, has
been received here by wireless "The
German cruiser Ivarlsruhe has sunk
seven British steamers In the Atlantic
LONDON, Oct. 3. The Copenhagen
correspondent of the Central News nays
German dispatches report that the sus
pension of certain Socialists newspapers
has been cnueeled on the promise of the
Socialist leaders that these organs In
the future . will publish nothing cal
culated to create an opinion unfavor
able to the prolongation of the war.
PARIS, Oct. 3 The war Is costing
France 7,OOO,O0O a day. Minister of
Finance Alexandre Rlbot announced
today that the outlay for the first 80
days of the conflict had been 40,-
LONDON. Oct. 3. A dispatch to the
Renter Telegram Company from Am
sterdam says that West Flanders, the
westernmost 'province of Belgium, Is
now -free of Germans.
PETROCRAD, Oct. . 3. The French
aviator Folret has been decorated with
the order of the Russian military cross
for his able and daring reconnolssance
work with the Russian army.
LONDON, Oct. 3. Telegraphing from
Amsterdam, a - correspondent of the
Renter's Telegram Company says that
German newspapers announce the de
parture for the front of the Grand
Duke of Baden.
I'ETROGllAD, Oct. 3. Emperor
Nicholas, It Is announced, has left for
the theater of war.
LONDON, Oct. 3. An Amsterdam dis
patch to the Renter Telegram Company
says that on Friday and Saturday thou
sands ' of Belgian fugitives arrived at
the Dutch town of Esschen from the
villages and towns around Antwerp.
LONDOK, Oct. 3- A South Shields
dispatch to the Central News says
the Korwcslan steamer Tromsve was
wrecked this morning by a mine In the
North Sea. Two men were drowned!
the rest of the crew, numbering: 16,
took, to the boats and were landed to
night at Sonth Shields..
ROME, Oct. 3 The correspondent of
the Trlbnna at Nlsh, Servla, telegrraphs
today that the Servians, after passlna;
the River Save and ocenpylna; the Hun
ararlan town of Semlin. seised the Aus
trian batteries, ammunition and sup
plies and destroyed the. forts, returning:
to Belgrade with immense booty. -
I'OXDOX, Oct. 4. A Parts dispatch to
the Exchange Telegraph Company says
numerous German - prisoners passed
througrh various French stations Friday
ntgrht. The convoys - comprised 1245t
1310, and 980 prisoners respectively.
They were taken from Juvisy to Ver
sailles. They Included almost nn en
tire regiment of the Prussian Guard
with band and staff officers. Several
trains with prisoners are expected 0o
WAR AND POLITICS' FURNISH ITEMS
Germans Say T hey H ave
Defensive Campaign Behind
Vistula Had Been Expected.
LONG PREPARATION SHOWN
Berlin Notes That Czar's. Men Have
Abandoned Close Formation In
fantry I'lre Poor. That or
, BERLIN. Sept 14. (CorresDond
ence of the Associated ti- mw
that the Germans have succeeded In
Clearing East Prussia of the Russians.
German army officers are giving their
views as to the fighting qualities of
the Russian Emperor's soldiers and
This East Prussian campaign la the
most remarkable on record for the
number of prisoners taken in such
snort time and In field fighting. In
less than three weeks, according to
official statements. General Von Hin
denberg made prisoners of nearly
Russian Aggressive Is Surprise.
The first surprise the Russians gave
the Germans was the aggressive way
in which they pushed this campaign.
It had been supposed here that they
would occupy strong defensive - posi
tions behind the Vistula and other
streams - and await the attack of the
Germans and Austrian. Instead, how
ever, they pushed Into East Prussia In
great numbers at an early stage of
the war and ' they are still moving
forward in Galicla, -
From this fact It is inferred here
that Russia's mobilization was far ad
vanced and other preparations for war
begun long before the St Petersburg
government admitted that even . one
soldier had been called to the colors.
Close Formation Abandoned.
The next surprise was that the Rus
sian generals ho longer send their
troops into battle In close formation.
as in previous wars, but have mod
ernized their tactics and try to' utilize
all the advantages of the ground. The
shooting of the infantry, however) was
found, to be still Ineffective. With the
field artillery the case is quite different.
its tiring is remarkably good. .
rn accurate Russian gunnery was
considerably neutralized, however, by
the large proportion of shells which
failed to explode, a- fact which soon
found a legendary explanation in the
report that many shells contained sand
instead of explosives. . Artillery experts
find a more probable explanation in
the marshy nature of the terrain in
many places along 'the Russian fron
tier, the shells burying themselves in
the soft earth without exploding.
Rumors of Defects Many.
This origin and development of ru
mors of the enemy's defects has been
an interesting study of war. A report.
for instance, that the entire French
army was marching into battle wear-
ng patent leather shoes . appeared in
some local papers. -
The Cossacks have again proved that
they are of little value, according to
German officers, either for reconnols
sance work or in fighting. German
officers speak much more favorably of
the regular Russian cavalry.
The Russians have by no means Im
pressed the German military men fa
vorably. In many cases it was re
marked that they failed . to. grasp the
(Concluded on Page .
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 62
degree; minimum, -t degrees.
TODAY'S Probably far; westerly winds.
' ' War.
Klngr Charles of Koumanlt accuied of plac
ing duty as HohenzoUern above duty to
his people. Section 1, page 0.
Bavarian" corps suffers enormous losses in
- beginning of war. Section 1. page 1.
East Prussian campaign remarkable for
number of prisoners taken. Section 1.
page 3. j
Letters from German prisoners tell of hard
ships at front. Section 1, page X
Germans now installing 'Improvements or
dered by Belgians fur Belgian fortresses.
Section 1, page 2.
Change In war tax favors small amusement
enterprises. Section 1, page 5.
Japanese reply to China justifies seizure of
railway as military necessity. Section 1,
page 2. ,
War costing France $7,000,000 a day. Section
German Vice-Chancellor says nation's Indus
trial position is strong. Section 1, page
Russians begin advance on Transylvania,
section J, page 1.
Coast League results: Los Angeles 3-6. Port
land 2-4; -Venice 2-0, Missions 0-2; San
. Francisco 4, Oakland 3. - Section 2,
Oregon- boys pledge to fraternities and en
ter athletics at Stanford University. Sec
tion page o.
Both Lincoln High teams win opening
games, bection , page 4.
Princeton barely defeats Buckricll. Sec
Hon 2. page 4.
Portland Golf Club course to be largest in
wonnweni. section z, page o.
Majors to get few players . from Coast
League. Section 2. page 2.
Jeff Smith complains of not being listed
b cnampionsnrp possibility. Section 2,
Sensational jump of Boston brings thousands
uujimxs mio treasury ox. organized base-
Dan, beet J on 2, page 2.
Varsity line being shifted and final make
up is indefinite. Section 2, page 4.
Only four big football games scheduled for
r-ortiana. section 2, page 4.
Portland may ret new Westminster hockey
viuu. oecdoi page a.
Cobb. Detroit, today Is world's best bats
man, section page Z. t
Portland Golf Club lays out 18-hole course
ana nino .will be finished. Section 2,
Page 5. - .
Baker's home run record has often been
equaiea. section page 3.
Washington High and Columbia University
10 iock norns Wednesday. Section 2,
Democratic nominee of Dallas will rote
straight Republican ticket. Section 1.
Luckiamute Valley sees many new acres
oi oops, beet ion l, page 8.
Table compiled by State Banking Superin
tendent proves Oregon banks are liberal.
Section 1, page 0.
Five parties tempt Idaho voters. Section 1,
Judge Turner, In losing, regains control of
state organtatton in Washington. Section
x, page i.
Dallas and Portland chldren score highest
ai state air eugenics contest. Secttou 1.
Real st ate aod Building.
Westover Terraces offer choice site for
beautiful homes. Section 4, page 8. -Portland
Space for Manufacturers' and Land Products
snow nearly all - taken. Section 1,
page 14. ,
McArthur uses argument made by Chamber-
iftm in iuuu. section J. page 16.
Effort made to connect Mills with waterfront
urea, section a., page 7.
Confessed agent of "arson ring" accuses
lawyers. section i , page 1 2.
Martin de Muth, 19-year-old 'Lincoln High
oLuneiii, uepans to study under Art
League of New York. Section 1, pace 12.
Conservatives win in primary campaign in
anous siatea. section 1, page 15
Dr. WIthycombe reiterates his stand in
ravor or laws voted . by people. Section
L. page IS.
Budget estimates high despite contemplated
cuutuuii in iei, section i. page 18.
Politico! debate between Dr. WIthycombe
ana ur. smitn is probability. Section X
W. W. ROBINSON ENDS LIFE
Clothier Slioots Self in Store on
W. W. Robinson, owner of a clothing
store at 327 Washington street and for
20 years in that business in Portland,
shot and killed himself in his store at
10:& o clock last night. Despondency
because of financial troubles Is de
clared to have caused him to commit
the deed. '
. "It doesn't look like I can make a go
of it here,"; he told W. E. Connolly, hia
head salesman, a few minutes before
he shot . himself. Then .Mr. Robinson
asked Connolly to get him some stamps.
J. J. Shea, another salesman, and J.
A. Wright, of the Roland Hotel, a cus
tomer, were In the front of the store.
Connolly had left the store only a few
minutes on his errand when a shot was
flred in the rear of the store.
Mr. Robinson sat at his desk and
pointed the revolver toward himself and
almost tore the top of his head oft
with a .38-caliber slug. "
OF NEWS WHICH. SPUR
y Ay ma
OCTOBER 4. 1914.
JAPAN DFJ&H f
Seizure of Railway De
LINE'S NEUTRALITY DENIED
Complete Destruction, of Ger
man Base Intended.
LINE HELD INSEPARABLE
instances Declared Not Lacking to
Prove Chinese Are Unable to Pre
vent Use by Germans for
PEKIX, Oct. 4 Japan's reply to
China's protest against the Japanese
occupation of the railway line from
Tsing-Tau to Tsl-Nan was delivered to
Japan says in effect that it Is plan
ning the complete destruction of the
German base at Tsing-Tau and so Is
justified in taking possession of the
railway which constitutes an Insepar
able portion of the German leased terri
tory in China.
In the first place, the Japanese argu
ment says the railway is German
owned, directly controlled by the Ger
man Government, based on an Imperial
charter and has the character of a pub
Railway's Neutrality Denied.
In the second place the railway can
not be regarded as neutral property,
and Japan's seizure of it does not con
stitute a violation of China's neutrality.
The Chinese proclamation defining the
limitations of the war zone does not
alter the status of the railway.
TlilrHlv It la en 1,1 (hat tVi. Pkln.M
Government insists that there has been
no connection with Tsing-Tau and
the railway since the Japanese Invested
Tsing-Tau,' and so Germany Is unable
to utilize the road, but from a Japan
ese military standpoint- It would be
dangerous to leave a section of the
railway in the rear of the Japanese
forces, and In the hands of the enemy.
Indeed, it would be stragetically impos
sible. The argument concludes with the
assertion that instances are not lacking
to prove that the Chinese Government
Is unable to restrain the Germans from
utilizing the railway for warlike prep
arations and operations.
China Reiterates Contentions.
The Chinese Government in its reply
reiterated that it considered the Jap
anese occupation of Wel-Hsien, in Shan-
Tung Province, a breach of neutrality
and asserted that if the rest of the rail
road in Shan-Tung was occupied, such
action would constitute a further viola
tion. Speakers in the State Council de
clared that China would make of Shan
Tung another Manchuria and that
Japan showed no indications of treating
China as a friendly nation.
The ' government - continues to pre
vent, however, the boycotting of things
Japanese which various Chinese cities
have attempted to Inaugurate.
TORTS AND SHIPS SHELL FOE
Japanese Prepare 'Slowly for' Attack
TOKIO, Oct. S. An official announce
ment says that another J-panece mine
sweeping boat at Klau-Chau hat: been
sunk after striking a mine. The cas
ualties are given as four killed and
nine wounded. The mine-dragger was
C included on Pag 2.)
j ' - .
Saturday's War Moves
ROYE. the little town on the main
road from Amiens to Noyon, the
heights around which have been alter
nately occupied by the French and the
Germans during the past week, is still
the center of a battle of great violence.
The Germans, who are fighting stub
bornly to protect .their flank, at this
point, have brought up reinforcements,
but, according to the French official
communication issued today, all their
attacks have been repulsed.
The action, however. Is still pro
ceeding, and on It much depends, for
If the Germans are beaten their line
of communication at Tergnler will be
Of other operations on this front,
which extends as far north as Arras,
nothing has been disclosed since the
French themselves announced that their
force, "which was debouching from
Arras, had fallen back slightly, on the
east and , north of that town.
There is evidence from other sources
that the Germans are making prepare
tions to protect their flank, should a
retirement become necessary. They
have evacuated West Flanders and their
attack on Antwerp Is believed by many
to be designed . to keep the Belgians
busy and prevent them from operating
on'what would be General von Kluck's
left should he fall back through Bel
gium. . -w.
The battle Is not yet over and it may
be many days before either side at
tains its objective. Except for the
forces absolutely needed elsewhere, the
Germans are maintaining their strength
in France, and. besides fighting off the
French efforts on their right, are them
selves remaining on the offensive on
the French right. The army of the
Crown Prince, which has been in the
thick of the fighting since the Germans
began their Invasion of France, ha
made an attempt to slip through th
wood of La Crurie. but, the French re
port says, was thrown back to the
north -of the Varennes-La-Harasee-Vienne-La
Ville . road. This road
pierces the northern part of the Ar
gonne forest, so that the French must
have -made a considerable advance In
this region and quite straightened out
the line from the north of Verdun to
the north of Rheims.
In the Woevre distriofr n n.l nn y,m
heights of the Mens ' th. Pni,h cav
their progress, though slow, continues.
There apparently has been some hard
fightina further ennth tnr- th. drwan
report speaks of vigorous sallies from
i.oui navins Deen repulsed.
Along the center comDaratlve calm
still reigns. The Germans have been
keeping up a heavy artillery fire on
the British and Pmniii " .
trenched infront of them, but the Brit
ten accounts say little damage ha hoc
The German attack on Antwern con
tinues. The defenders on the east
have been compelled to fall back be
fore the violence of the Oat-msn ar
tillery. The Belgians say they have
a strong position on the Nethe and will
resist lo tne run extent of their nnwi-.
A large force of flArmnn, . .i
largely, it is said, of naval rorv
and landwehr. are march. no- tnarrt
-niwerp along the line of the boundary
ot noiiana. villagers are fleeing In
large numbers and Holland is prepar
ing to harbor them.
The onern t Iran a Kn.nrAan i .
' IUC u-
trians and Russians and Germans grow
in Interest. These armies ar fi,hiinc
along a tremendous line. tniiinr
from the nHrhhnrhnnrf r-
. ..vuu " . v.iauuw, in
Galicia, along the frontiers of Poland
-I.,., r..i rnipsia, almost to the Baltic
Sea. There is no news from the south'
ern neia, out the Germans and Aus
trlans, instead of' walHnir th. n
Between Cracow, Czestchowa and
Kalisc for the Russians, have advanced
farther Into Poland. Their outposts
have been reported as far east as
Pictrko (90 miles southwest of War
saw), In the north, and Stopnica (32
miles south southeast of Kielce) in the
A big Russian army is gathering to
meet them and a great battle probably
will be fought in Poland instead of on
the borders of Poland and Silesia.
In the north, if the reports axe to be
believed, the Russians seemed to have
checked the German invasion from East
Prussia and have compelled the Ger
mans to retrace their steps, except on
the right wing, which is still fighting
i'Lj ty ... turn
Kr ft JP : J :
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Austrians Gather Army
for Great Battle.
GERMANS AIMING AT VILNI
Retreat Finally Made, but in
Order, Says Petrograd.
CORPSES CONGEST ROADS
Engagement Declared to Have Been
Pierce on Xicmtn River, Where
Repeated Attempts of Ger
mans Were Defeated.
LONDON, Oct 3. A correspondent ol
the Exchange Telegraph Company ai
Rome Bays a dispatch has been receive
there from Bucharest saying that after
occupying the principal cities of Buko
wina (a crown land of Austria-Hungary)
the Russians have begun an ad
vance on Transylvania. -
Austria, hoping to defeat this seri
ous menace, has "concentrated in the
West Carpathians several army corps
and a big battle Is Imminent.
Regiments Reported Drowned.
A Petrograd dispatch by way or Kom
to the Central News says:
"The Germans are . evacuating Rus
sian territory. Whole regiments hav
been drowned In the Niemen River and
have lost their siege artillery. The
Emperor. It is declared. escaDed wltn
A dispatch to the . ceuter Telegram
Company from Petrograd. describing
the German attack .on the'Suwalkl
Olitarr line, says that the Germans
made Vilna their objective, disregard
ing Kovno, and attacked most stub
bornly, finally retreating before Rus
sian bayonet charges, but in order.
Men Who Croaaed River Mowed Down.
The roads were covered with Ger
man corpses, which included a gunner
still holding a. shell. in his arms. At
Ossowetz the Russians captured seven
heavy guns. A German vanguard suc
ceeded in constructing a pontoon bridge
over the Nieman River, but not a sin
gle German who crossed the river sur
vived, every one being mowed down by
infantry fire, which was supported by
a hall of shrapnel from masked artil
lery. The Germans,- the correspondent
says, made another attempt to cross
the river, advancing in dense columns,
but they were again repulsed, quick
firing guns playing havoc with tlieir
crowded ranks. The German batteries,
which had been supporting the in
fantry attack, finally were silenced by
Russian "artillery. The enemy then re
tired for a distance of night miles,
pursued by Cossacks, who crossed tha
river by means of the pontoon bridge
which the Germans had built
ITRIOIS ATTACKS CONTINUED
Petrograd Tells of Battle for Pom-
, session of Roads In East.
PETROGRAD," Oct. 3. The following
official announcement from the general
staff has been Issued:
"The battle at Augustowo continued
to develop with extreme ferocity on Oc
tober 2. The enemy relaxed hia posi-
tions to the north of Lake Virgri, car
rying out furious attacks on the side of
Ratchkl and Borgimens, In an effort
to occupy - the western roads leading
out of the Agustowo forest.
"On the road to Lodz and Schihlischki,
the first divisions of the German
cavalry attempted to check the offen
sive tactics of the Russian cavalry.
This engagement took place at dusk,