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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1914)
TTTT? SUNDAY OREROXTAT, PORTTA?TD, OCTOT5ET5 4, 1914.
TAX PROTEST MADE
Auto Association Wants All
Vehicles to Aid Road Fund.
FIGHT WILL BE WAGED
I Resolutions Adopted Calling for
JiorC Equitable Means of As
sessment and Free Use of
Every Public Highway.
A million and a- half automobile own
ers are becoming quite generally
agreed that road-users should not be
divided into taxed and untaxed classes.
Through lis executive board, on which
every state is represented, the Ameri
can Automobile Association, at the Sep
tember session, renewed consideration
of the subject, taking action that
leaves no doubt as to its position.
In the adopted report of a special
eommitteo named at the semi-annual
meeting of the entire association
Chairman Bonnell sets forth that in
only four states is it possible to make
the registration tax in lieu of the per
sonal tax. The association remains op
posed to the payment of the two taxes
lesignated as "a constitutional in
Jrinsement of the principles of equal
taxation and the rights of the citizens
ttl a state who own automobiles."
Referring to the general tendency to
Increase both the registration tax and
nutomobile values when taxed as per
sonal property the committee confutes
the assumption that any double tax is
Justified because of so-called excessive
destruction of the roads, which it as
serts is not borne out by the a.-tual
facts; and furthermore, it is held that
automobiles have an equal right with
eU other vehicles to the free use of the
public highways, built and maintained
ly general taxation.
The proposal by Congress to add an
rdditional excise tax for purposes of
revenue is asserted to be "unjustified
und unfair, and would be a species of
special taxation upon a means of trans
portation which has become of such
common use that it would be burden
some and detrimental to the interests
ff the people at large."
Resolution Is Adopted.
Calling attention to the presence of
ther vehicles which share in the
wearing out of the public highways,
the committee concludes with the fol
"Resolved, That while maintaining
us a matter-of principle and of right
and justice its position against the
double taxation tit automobiles, the
.American Automobile Association rec
ommends the passage of an act by the
Legislatures of several states, placing
a wheel tax on all vehicles that use
the public highways, such tax to bo in
proportion to tho present fees paid by
the owners of motor-driven vehicles.
The association agrees to use its ef
forts through state and local clubs,
and among automobile owners gener
ally throughout the United States, to
continuously and persistently urge this
legislation, and also such other neces
sary legislation until all license fees
in excess of the cost of automobiles
chall be abolished."
John A. Wilson presided at ,-the
American Automobile Association
meeting, and he will head a special
delegation which" Will represent the as
sociation at the American Road Con
gress, to be held in Atlanta. Ga., dur
ing tho week of November 9. This del
egation will include former Presidents
Kobert P. Hooper, of Pennsvlvania nnrt
I.. R. Speare, of Massachusetts; First
Vice-President .II. M. Rowe, of Mary
land, and Chairman George C. Dlehl, of
FOREIGN ORDERS COME
EMPIRE COMPANY REPORTS IX
STItlCTIONS TO SHIP.
Iloldins of Olympln Shui? on Schedule
in Great Britain Cited as As.
; surance of Optimism.
GOOD ROADS CLOSE GAP BETWEEN HOME AND SCHOOL.
An Eastern paper has published an editorial under the head, "The
Gap Between Home and School," and dilates on the lack of interest
: displayed by parents in the education of their offspring.
This lack of interest may be one of the (japs between the home and ,
the school, but It is not by any means the only one nor the most Im
The real gap between the home and the school' is not a mental,
nor even a psychological one, it is as tangible as a. stone wall and
just as effective in keeping the child at home. ,
Every rural community in the United States can testify that the
greatest barrier to the education of the youth of the country are the
Mud plain everyday mud earth and water, is the real cause of
the gap between the home and the school. What does It profit us to
Improve our rural twentieth century school systems until they are
models of perfection In equipment, faculty and curriculum as long as
our roads reflect the ignorance and the inefficiency of the seventeenth
For months out of every year, the months when a cessation of
farm work would allow the greatest regularity of school attendance
on the part of our country children, -the vast majority of our rural
roads are in an impassable condition, the farmer and his children are
There is the real gap between the home and the school, the same
gap that exists between the farm and the banks, the libraries, the
theaters, the centers of art, literature and music all those things
which school man and differentiate him from the animal. Is it any
wonder that there Is a movement away from the soil in this country?
The general improvement of millions of miles of unimproved roads
will be the first step in the lessening of the gap which now exists
between the rural resident and everything that makes life worth
living. v . .
It is the realization of this fact that is causing the farmers of
every state to demand better roads roads open 13 months out of
the year. The wonderful support which the Lincoln Highway has
received from the rural communities .through which it passes, in tho
building of its 3400 miles of perfect.' graded and lasting surface is
only an -indication of the change which has been wrought In the
past few years in the sentiment of the country as regards permanent
Eighty per cent of the Lincoln Highway lies in the rural commu
nities and there it Is appreciated as the first great trunk line which
will eventually mean the inter-connection of every outlying farm and
isolated hamlet with the centers of commerce, education, culture and
The Lincoln Highway is one step toward the elimination of the
gap between the home and the school and it is a mighty one.
NATION TO CELEBRATE
Wonderful Route in Honor of Lincoln to Be Honored, in Month of Birth,'
by School Programmes and Other Celebrations.
Eager to obtain shipments of the
5915 models. Empire dealers abroad are
willing to risk the fortunes of war to
land the new cars on their showroom
As evidence of this, the company has
received instructions from many for
eign representatives to ship regardless
us., cost or war Insurance and
greauy increased freight rates. "The
reat volume of this trade, of course,
comes from neutral rottntripn hi ca
bled instructions were received last
week from the British representatives
io continue snipments according to
Tho announcement that the Olympia
show. Great Britain"s automobile ex
hibit, wpuld be held on dates in Oeto-
: . -u.v sciieuuieu, indicates a
ispim or optimism on the part of Brit
ish manufacturers and the trade gen
The Empire Company has built up a
ji.o cJiiun iraue, oeing represented
now in practically every automobile
using country. Dealers were given in
formation in regard to the 1915 line
before the outbreak of hostilities, and
practically all had their orders on the
way at the time war was declared.
This eagerness to procure cars gives
ebumiant indication of the confidence
of dealers generally, and the fact that
cars are desired quickly, even at a
shipping expense far beyond usual
cost, is taken as evidence of the fa
vorable impression the 1915 Empire
line has made on the critical dealers
abroad, and is in keeping with the
heavy domestic demand for the pres
ent, models since their announcement.
Motorcycle Helps Photographer.
Hamilton M. Laing, of Oak Lake,
Man, Can., an author and illustrator
who specializes in photographing wild
game, finds a motorcycle of great value
in reaching his subjects in their na
tive haunts. Laing has paddled hun
dreds of miles in a canoe in search of
game, but from his varied experiences
he finds the two-wheeler mui-h rri-o
serviceable in reaching out-of-the-way
Cyclist .spends Vacation Awheel.
5000-mile motorcycle vacation
Jaunt has just been completed bv Paul
H. Sheridan, advertising manager of
the McKlroy Company, Youngstown,
i-'ino Sheridan selected the two
wheeler as the most enjoyable means
or spending his vacation and spent
out v "ths touring through
hio, Michigan, Pennsylvania and New
Tork He says his repair expense for
the trip amounted to 16 cents.
tiludcbak'er Leads Detroit.
According to figures recently given
out by the Michigan Department of
Labor, the Studebaker corporation em
ploys the largest force of men among
the Detroit aulomohile manufacturers,
being excelled in this respect by but
one In Michigan this one outside the
corporate limits of the automobile me
THE Lincoln Highway is Just one
year old this month. It was in
September, 1913, that the Lincoln
Highway Association announced to the
nation the route ofthe longest, best
and most useful road in the world and
appealed to the people of the coun
try to aid In establishing, broadening,
straightening, maintaining and beauti
When the announcement of the route
was made and the dedication held on
October 31, last year, thousands of
cities scattered from the Atlantic to
the Pacific held demonstrations of
their approval and support.
Bonfires and fireworks marked the
ceremonies in hundreds of localities,
speeches were made to audiences from
New York to San Francisco. Concerts
were given, parades held, automobile
races marked the occasion in many
cities, while in at least two instances
the streets were swept and washed and
dances held on the highway itself in
honor of the event.
In the West at many points along
the route, half holidays were pro
claimed and sports and field events
were participated- in by hundreds of
enthusiastic good road boosters. On
the Sunday following the dedication
the clergy generally and especially
along the route of the great road took
as the subject of their sermons, the
life and the character of Lincoln, the
man, eulogizing his achievements and
calling attention to the memorial
which had been proposed, a memorial
which typified the" man a useful "me
morial, the kind Lincoln himself would
In schools from one end of the land
to the other, children listened to talks
in which the man Lincoln was held as
the Ideal American, essays were writ
ten on his character, as well as upon
the memorial road to be built in his
honor. Lincoln Highway spirit swept
across the country like wildfire, com
munities on the route vied with each
other in rushing Improvements, with
the result that at the end of its first
year the Lincoln Highway Association
is enabled to announce a really. won
derful amount of work accomplished
and to congratulate the patriotic peo
ple of the country who have made this
A summary of the second announce
ment of the Lincoln Highway Associa
tion can best be made by saying that
out of 3389 miles of the route between
New York and San Francisco, over 2500
are already marked with the tri-col-ored
marker of the association: that
work has been done in every one of
the 12 states traversed, that work is
now going on in every one of these
states, that the association has aided
the local communities in five states
with a total of "?40.000 worth of ce
ment, and that the great route Is now
in such shape that it is possible to tour
from the Atlantic to the Pacific in less
than a month. It is expected that thou
sands of cars will use the Lincoln
Highway in crossing the country next
Preparations are being made to fit
tingly celebrate the first year's suc
cess all along the route, and it Is ex
pected that the schools In hundreds of
the towns located along the highway
will set aside one day late in Septem
ber or in early October, when the sub
ject of the Lincoln Highway will be
treated upon by the teachers, and es
says written and presented by the pu
pils on Lincoln and the road which
bears his immortal name.
The Lincoln Highway Association
has asked that the clergy again take
as a subject upon the first Sunday in
November the life and the works of
Lincoln, recalling how a year .ago they
outlined to their congregations the
possibility of a transcontinental high
way bearing his name and telling now
' me progress maae in the establish
ment of this greatest of all memorials.
It is proposed that the local and
state consuls of the association scat
tered In every town, city and township
crossed by the route hold public meet
ings at which they can tell the peo
ple of the progress of the work anrf
extend in their official capacities the
congratulation or the association upon
the success-of a project which Is of
sucn interest to every man, woman and
child in. the country.
VERLAFJO ADVICE GIVEN
START DOWX HIM. OX FIRST SPEED
AXD CHANGE TO THIRD IS TOLD.
Draw Back Clutch Brake From Clnteh
While, son Spinning to Shift
Gears Held by Shlftlock.
"Experience has taught us that you
cannot teach a new owner of a motor
car, especially if it be his first car,
to properly operate it through teach
ing or through lessons In driving giv-iyT-an.
exPert the road." says
Fred V est, of J. W. Leavitt & Co."
cars o'sbutors. for the Overland
"You have to go further; you have to
give memodanduma or instructions that
I Cfr,Iiiedaway by the Purchaser
and mentally digested by him at some
other time. Even then we have found
it necessary to from time to time check
him up on his errors in handling his
, , V new ii nvoaels are
ueuverea, we would like to sug
gest to Overland users that in starting
out their cars on the level or slightly
down the hill that they start in the
1.111,1. speeo, get tne car well under
motion ana men change directly into
the third speed, thereby not troubling
to go through the second speed srear.
The change from the first to the third
gear is very easily accomplished and it
oa.es me LrouDie oi smrting into the
gear or bruising it up if the operator
"We would suggest that the-clutch
brake be drawn back from the clutch,
so that the brake operates very little.
There is little need for this clutch
brake, except to stop the clutch when
going into first speed from neutral
position. After that, in changing from
first to third, or third to second, it
Is not desirable to have the clutch
stop spinning. Therefore, as suggested,
have this brake operate but very
"After the gears are shifted into
place they are held there by a gear
shlftlock. the adjustment of which is
on the forward right-hand side of the
Apperson Shows Little" Wear After
Driving 46,000 Miles.
Harry V. Roome, an Apperson owner
living In Los Angeles, pays tribute to
the mechanical efficiency of the mod
ern motor-car. He has driven his ma
chine more than 46,000 miles and dur
ing that period received splendid serv
ice. The adjustments made during that
time were few and of minor impor- L
Being of a mechanical turn of mind
I I in T 11 TI 1, 1
BIB H- - tv fl
F. O. B. Toledo
ut No Advance In Price
rTfHE new Overland has one ofthe most ad
vanced and most admired body designs of
the season. The full sweeping stream lines
are clean cut, trim, uninterrupted and per
fectly proportioned. A slightly sloped
hood, a perfectly rounded radiator edge and
gracefully crowned fenders add both charm
ing grace and excellent taste to this smart
The new Overland has a larger tonneau.
You know how cramped and uncomfort
able three adults usually are in the average
car. There is plenty of room in the 1915
Overland ample for three large people
and enough length for the tallest.
The new Overland has the most advanced
and most practical type of rear springs. They
are of a new design, underslung, and much
longer than heretofore. Being unusually
flexible, their action absorbs all road shocks
and rut jolts, and perfectly smooth riding is
the comfortable consequence.
The new Overland has the most advanced
electric lighting and electric starting system.
All electric switches are conveniently
located on steering column directly in
front of the driver. No stretching forward
or bending down. Every electrical control
is right at your hand.
The new Overland has the most advanced
ignition system. A high tension magneto is
used which is independent of the starting
and lighting unit. On most popular priced
cars the cheaper battery system is furnished.
As the magneto long ago demonstrated its
superiority over the battery ignition, even
though it costs considerably more, the
Overland is equipped with a magneto.
The new Overland has larger wheels and
tires. 34 inch x 4 inch all around, with de
mountabje rims, mean mimimum tire ex
pense, minimum tire trouble, and maximum
Yet, in, spite of these and - numerous
other advanced and costly features the price
has not been advanced.
Orders are now being taken for .
Here are some of the big features
Mtor SS h. p.
New full ttrtam-lint tcSy
Instrument board in cowl
Individual front teats,
Tonneau, longer and wider
Upholstery, deeper and softer
ventilating type, built-in
Hear axle, floating type
Rear springs, extra long,
omdenlung, 3-4 elliptic
J. W. LEAVITT & CO., Distributors
The Willys-Overland Company, Toledo, Ohio
Whottbatl, 114 inches
Larger tires, 34 tuck x 4 inch
Demountable rims 1 extra
Body: beautiful few Brew
tier green jintsn
S29 WASHING i ON STREET
Phones Marshall 353S, A 2444.
fey 7 )
Model SO. 2-passenger Roadster - ' S10S0
Model SO, 4-passenger Coup . - fl600
All price f. , b. Toledo, Oki
Model SI, 5-pasteuger Touring Car SSS$
Model SI, 2-passenger Roadster - . JT95
and ascertain for himself if any of the
parts had worn. Ho was particularly
Interested to learn the condition of the
bearings, brake lining, steering gear
and other units that had seen the hard
HiB investigation proved a surprise.
The car was almost as good as new.
He found that the rear axle bearings
were in perfect order. He even went
so far as to say that they had never
needed any adjustments, and this also
was true of the steering gear.
The clutch,- he said, was not touched
during the first 31,300 miles of travel,
he decided to take his car to pieces and then the only thing necessary to
TYPE OF NEW MOTOR VEHICLE PURCHASED BY CITY TO SWEEP STREETS AND SPRINKLE.
-v , V O - irJ'V v H r
- . - b -iv it: r-SC - -. i'f10h'
. MtrHlE WHICH WILL. REPLACE HORSE-UKUVN tPPlRtTlS.
... An .automolle street sprinkler and sweeper to .take the place of the horse-drawn machines is to be
the next innovation in the city street-cleaning service. A contract was closed yesterday bv the citv for
wiUPbcrma-de a rewt;;"4"211'7 C?mPa"y f tbe f the "aihine. for 13800. JJeVivery
Under the contract the company agrees that the machine will clean the hard-surface streets for not
r,mVt9,",,n,w,, machines- wpt. 27 l-3tcn?sr ;s
gatherl nT'tne 11 A" " alDS Ver.a d " inkles, sweep, and
be done -to it was to reline a bear
ing. When one considers the mileage cov
ered by this car the number of revo
lutions made by the motor, the num
ber of times the wheels turned, the
shocks endured, the roads traveled and
other things taken into consideration.
It is evident that the motor-car today
Is a most dependable piece of ma
chinery and that it can v cover great
distances with dispatch, safety and
WAR EFFECT IV EAST SLIGHT
A. I. IliUp Enthusiastic Over Trade
Prospects In East.
With the exception of a tendency
toward conservative buying on the part
of automobile purchasers, the Euro
pean war has affected the automobile
trade to a very small extent In the
East, according to A. I. Philp. general
sales manager for Dodge Bros. Mr.
Philp has just returned from a two
weeks' trip to New York. Philadelphia,
Boston and other Eastern points and Is
enthusiastio over prospects for the
"I found new firms being organized
and incorporated for the sale of motor
cars in every city visited, on my trip,"
said Mr. Philp yesterday. "Seemingly
the dealers -In the East are preparing
for a big year, as every one I talked
with had increased his orders mate
rially for 1915 deliveries.
-"One thing that served as a -source
of considerable surprise and gratifica
tion to me was the great Interest
shown by prospective buyers in the
new car which Dodge Bros", will bring
out for 1915. While I was prepared to
find the trade Interested, the fact that
we have done little or no advertising
In that section had led me to believe
that few purchasers were acquainted
with Dodge Bros." plans. -Many pros
pects in the East have informed our
dealers that -. they intend postponing
their purchase of an automobile until
they have seen Dodge Bros." new car."
Mr. Philp states that the selling or
ganization for Dodge Bros, in the East
is rapidly nearlng completion and he
found dealers and prospects alike eag
erly awaiting shipments of the first
cars from the factory. It is expected
that Dodge Bros, will ship the first
car some time in October. i
6000 .Attend Meet at Stockton.
Six thousand people the largest
crowd that ever attended an event on
the Stockton race track viewed the
recent California Motorycle day races.
Don Johns broke the track mile rec
ord In one of the laps of the state F.
A. M. five-mile championship, circling
the course In 51 seconds. His total time
for the event was 4:13:4. which won
the race by a good margin.
MAXTEXASE COST WATCHED
First Expenditure Xo Ixnger Prime
Consideration With Bayers.
First cost no longer is the prime con
sideration In the purchase of an auto
mobile. The various cars hive auto
matically grouped themselves, and cost
of operation is what most interests the
hundreds of thousands of motor-car
users today. A low first cost Is reaJly
a secondary consideration, and the
question is now "Can I afford to run
The standard automobile is so well
made and so nearly mechanically per
fect that repairs cease to be the bug
bear of former years, and the main
problem which confronts the motorists
is the running cost.
With all other items of expense ex
cept perhaps the price of gasoline go
ing up, the item of maintenance has be
come of great interest to the car-users.
This is all the more natural because
of the fact that the gasoline tank, like
the taxicab register, makes demands
upon the pocketbook with exasperating
frequency and regularity. When the
first cost has been met the permanent
running expense becomes the issue.
PORTLAND COUPLE LEAVE ON EXTENDED TOUR.
at t ra -v " - . -j-.
7f A7r ,
' ' . . - " :
gwJMM-wski muni . :
MR. ASD MRS. HOOVER IX UKRLAXD,
Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Hoover, in their new Overland car, left Sep
tember IS for an extended motor trip, going by way of Glendale
to Ban Francisco, thence down all through Southern California.
Their trip will cover a period of fix weeks or two months.