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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 13, 1914)
FEARED BY ALLIES
AMERICAN NOTE TO
TURKEY IS DELAYED
NEWLY APPOINTED AMBASSADOR TO FRANCE, WHO IS
SAID TO HAVE ANGERED FRENCH GOVERNMENT.
SUNDAY OREGOMAN. PORTLAND. SEPTEMBER
The Style in Sopho
more Clothes Is Not
Certain suits in some makes of clothes just
"happen" to look well, but
are designed and built by master tailors.
Every garment is turned out to please the
There's snap and go to the Young Men's
models the kind that fellows like you arc
$20 to $40
t r--v 1 J
London Said to Be Apprehen
sive Lest President Wilson
Act Too Soon.
Protest Against Abrogation of
Treaties to Be Separate
"BREAK GERMANY," IS CRY
PORTE IS MORE PEACEFUL
; I - -i .
j'af Ji-s 'TBpTMBBBiBf' r''4
iiouniania, Bulgaria and Greece Are
Ready to Strike and Recent Re
verses of Dual Alliance
Cool War Ardor.
WASHINGTON, Sept 12. Ambassador
Morgenthau Informed the State De
partment today of the character of the
protests made at Constantinople by the
various powers against the abrogation
f'- by Turkey of extra-territorial rights
and other privileges which she consid
ered restrictions on her sovereignty. As
he was without Instructions, the Am
bassador did not participate in the
It is practically certain that, while
the United States will enter objections
to Turkey's course, the negotiations
I -will be entirely independent of any
notes on the subject addressed by the
powers of Europe.' The American note
may be delayed until the Forte's atti
tude toward the protests already made
Investments Based on Privileges.
The United States is in a peculiar
Jj: position toward the protests made by
the powers. In view of the desire to
keep absolutely clear of the present
tangle of European diplomacy, the
American Government will conduct its
Although the United States has en
joyed extra-territorial rights and other
privileges under a, most-favored-nation
clause, the feeling of officials is that
Americans have invested considerable
money in Turkey largely because of the
protection afforded them by these
The protest made by the powers, ac
f; cording to well-informed officials here.
Is a weak one and not likely to affect
Turkey as much as the course of the
War Spirit Tempered.
A victory for the allies. It is be
lieved, might cause Great Britain.
; France and Russia to strengthen their
protests eventually, but at this time,
In their desire that Turkey shall re
main neutral, they are understood to be
Si' pursuing a course least likely to irri
tate the Porte.
Reports that Roumania, Bulgaria and
Greece are determined to fight Turkey
If she entered the war, and the recent
11: German and Austrian reverses are be
ll : lieved to have tempered the war spirit
POWERS' PROTEST PRESENTED
Abrogations Not Recognized Without
Consent of All Parties.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Sept. 12. Sev
4? eral of the great powers have pre
35 sented a note to the Turkish govern
ment in reply to the communication of
the Sublime Porte notifying tnese gov
ernments of the abrogation of the ca-
II pitulations involving the territorial
rights and privileges of foreigners in
Turkey. The replies set forth that as
S: these capitulations are a. matter of
treaty the abrogation will not be rec
ognized without the consent of all
parties to the treaty.
The text of the replies made by the
Si Ambassadors for Great Britain, Russia,
S: France and Italy are identical. They
St point out that the capitulatory regime
in Turkey is not an autonomous insti
ll tution of the Turkey empire, but an
-' ' issue of international treaties, diplo
matic agreements and contractural acts
of divers kind. Consequently this re-
Kline can be modified only on the basis
I of an understanding with the contract-
H ing powers and failing such an under-
l: standing before October 1 next the
I i Ambassadors would be unable to recog-
iS' nlie the executory force begining on
jj that date of the unilaterial decision of
tthe Sublime Porte.
The terms of the Austrian reply dlf
fer from the others, though the same
principle is upheld.
TLllliS THOUGHT RESTRAINED
Petrogrud Hears Attack on Russia
Will Not Be Risked.
I'ETROGAD. Sept. 12. Word comes
from Sofia that, influenced by recent
Russian victories, Turkey will not rlsK
an adventure against Russia.
Russians returning from Vienna say
the impression that the Austrian re
verses mean the investment of the capi
tal dominates the spirit of the people.
After the capture by the Russians of
Lemberir. the capital of Galicla, an ex
traordinary council was called. Count
Berchtold, Minister or foreign Arrairs,
The shipment of gold to Turkey by
way of Roumania continues.
PENSION ACT MAY CHANGE
StMialor Brady Seeks to Reduce In
dian Service Requirement.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Sept. 12. Senator Brady today
offered an amendment to the Indian
War pension act authorizing the grant
ing of pensions under Jhat law to any
survivors who served 30 days during
Indian campaigns. At present 90 days'
service is the requirement for receiv
ing such pension.
Many old residents of the Northwest
who participated In Indian wars are
barred under the present law from re
ceiving pensions, because-they did not
see SO days' actual service.
FRENCHMAN WINS IN AIR
Bomb-Dropping German Aeroplane
Felled After 15-Mile Chase.
PARIS, Sept. 12. News has just been
received here of an exciting air battle
In tne vicinity of Troyes. A German
aeroplane threw several bombs into
the city and a French machine arose
and gave chase. After a thrilling pur
suit of 15 miles the French aeroplane
overtook the German craft near Plney,
where an engagement ensued.
The French machine soon gained the
advantage in position. Immediately
afterward the German aeroplane was
precipitated to earth and the two of
ficers on board were killed.
Ghent Peace Centenary Goes On.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. The cen
tenary peace Jubilee commemorating
the signing of the treaty of Ghent
on Christmas eve, 1814, win ne cameo,
out regardless of conditions In Europe,
according to a statement Issued to
nizht by executive officials of the
committee In charge. The ceremonies
will begin next Christmas eve and con
tlnue throughout 1915.
OFFENSE IS GIVEN
New Ambassador to France
Accused of Indiscretion.
REPORT MAY BE ASKED
Communication With French Capital
Not as Free as Before Removal
to Bordeaux Herrlck
(Continued From First Page.)
of Americans who have been in France
in recent years.
When the war broke out the Wash
ington Government pleaded with him to
continue at his post during the critical
period. He has been especially valu
able In assembling stranded American
tourists and helping them out of finan
.nwinities and setting them start
ed home. His work has been marked
by a high degree of diplomatic tact ana
The relationship between the present
Ambassador and tne prospective
bassador has been of the most cordial
and friendly character. It is under
stood here that Mr. Herrick asked be
r th. wni- tn be relieved of his post.
but agreed to remain and assist Mr.
Sharp indefinitely. since me wi
started he has volunteered to remain
as long as he can be of service.
PEACE INQUIRY IS MADE
f Continued From First Page.)
conferred privately with Mr. Bryan. As
a result of the conference the Secre
tary cabled Ambassador Gerard to con
vey to Emperor William an inquiry
from the American Government as to
whether he desired to confirm the
statement reported to have been made
by him to the Imperial Chancellor and
repeated by the Chancellor to Count
von Bernstorff in private conversation.
Copies of the message to Ambassador
Gerard were sent by- Secretary Bryan
to Ambassador Page, at London, and
Ambassador, Herrick, at Paris. Mean
while Mr. Straus had talked with the
British and French Ambassadors, both
of whom said they could make no defi
nite statement without instructions, as
they had heard nothing from their gov
on the subiect of peace. They
were acquainted by Mr. Straus with
what had occurred at the dinner in
New York. Both the French and Brit
ish Ambassadors reported the incident
unofficially to their respective foreign
Tuesday, September 8, Secretary
d-,.0t, toM the British Ambassador, Sir
Cecil Spring-Rice, what had occurred in
anil learned that tne Amoassacor
similarly had made inquiry of his gov
ernment to learn its atutuuc
Powers Oppose Temporary Truee.
n-.jH. SontBmber B. Sir Edward
Grey discussed with Ambassador Page
the inquiry which the latter naa le
fmrn Secretary Bryan. On the
same day Sir Edward Grey cabled the
British AniDassauor neie uw - '
Britain, France and Russia had In the
preceding week agreed not to make
peace without common consent, the po
sition of the triple entente was unan
imous on the question of terms.
Sir Edward said what the powers
wanted was no temporary truce but a
Description of piece.
Muzzle energy In foot tons.
Wt. in lbs. of gun complete..
Battery, number of guns .
with battery in combat.'.
Photo by Bain News Service.
permanent peace in Europe so that the
world could be insured against the sud
den outbreak of war after Germany had
recouped herself. The British Foreign
Secretary added, moreover, that Eng
land had from the first tried to avoid
war and wanted peace, but before the
subject could be considered seriously,
different terms would have to be sub
mitted. Great Britain, Sir Edward point
ed out, would Insist that Belgium be
fully compensated by Germany for her
losses. This Information was com
municated to Secretary Bryan by the
France's View Presented.
Thursday, September 10, the French
Ambassador called on Secretary Bryan,
and, it is understood, discussed the
point of view of France. Ambassador
Herrick colncidentally reported the
earnest wish of France that there
might be peace, but pointed out that
until the French had driven the invad
ers from their territory and Belgium
had been compensated terms of peace
could not be negotiated. That after
noon Ambassador Page's report of his
contersation with Sir tdward drey
also reached the White House. Great
'Britain, according to Ambassador Page,
was determined to'make no peace un
til German militarism had been crushed
because of its danger to the world's
civilization. On the same day came
personal messages from Emperor Wil
liam and President Poincare of France
concerning the use of dum-dum bul
lets. Friday, September 11. President
Wilson and Secretary Bryan conferred
on the general situation and it Is un
derstood determined to await the reply
of the German Emperor to the inquiry
sent on the previous Monday before
acknowledging the two personal mes
sages from Emperor William and
President Poincare. . Should the Em
peror's reply be a favorable one, the
President may take advantage of the
messages addressed to him to express
a hope that the atrocities complained
of may be ended through the making
PILOTS' DEATHS ARE 50
AEROPLANE WARFARE COUNTS ITS
- TOTAL ALSO.
German Railway Report Shows That
Hon Than 3,000,000 German Sol
diers Pass Over Rhine.
PARIS. SeDt. 12. (Special.) The
total number of aeroplane pilots killed
thus far In the war Is estimated at 50,
divided among the belligerents as fol
lows: Russia, 16; French, 12; English.
4; German, 18. This does not take into
consideration pilots and crews of diri
gibles, of which many have been re
The Paris Matin says that a German
railway report, which has fallen into
the hands of Danish Journalists, shows
that more than 2,000,000 soldiers passed
over five bridges of the Rhine in tne
murse of the first 19 days after the
declaration of war. This is the better
part of the available forces of the
German strategists appear to have
been deceived. Thus in the second vol
ume of War Today, by General Bern
hard; it is said:
"The decisive blow must be struck at
Paris. It is improbable that the prov
Inces will resist after the fall of the
Tet, when the danger of a siege of
Paris was greatest the French authori
ties determined to oppose an Invasion
of the provinces.
Yesterday Paris had the sight of an
other captured flag. It will be deposited
among the national trophies in the
Collective Mediation Suggested.
RIO JANEIRO. Sept. 12. A motion
was made in the chamber of deputies
today to one of the members proposing
that the chamber suggest to the Presi
dent that he invite all the American
governments to offer collective media
tion In the European conflict. The mat
ter was discussed and was put over for
Rus. Eng. Bel. Fr. Ger. Aus. Itly.
2.95 3.3 2.95 S.5 3.03 3.00 2.95
14 3 18 14. S 15.9 15.1 14.7 14.3
1945 1600 1630 1740 1500 1630 1674
360 320 258 334 236 272 260
"300 2690 2300 2500 2080 2350 2200
g 6 4 6 6 4
212 176 242 312 126 18 J1S
Desire for Victory, However, Said
Not to Extend to Extinction as
Proper Factor ID European
Balance of Power.
LONDON, Sept. 12. (Special.) It
cannot be too plainly asserted that
Great Britain, France and Russia are
entering on a fight to the finish with
Germany and they are determined, un
less they are beaten themselves, to
force Germany into an unconditional
surrender. Some anxiety is perceptible
here lest President Wilson be induced
to urge peace prematurely, thus put
ting the allies into the unpleasant po
sition of either yielding to the sugges
tion or appearing to prefer war to
The allies are eager to escape the
necessity of rejecting any proposal
made by the President of the United
States, but a rejection would be cer
tain if that proposal contemplated that
Germany should have a controlling
voice in the peace 'negotiations.
"We will break Germany or Ger
many will break us," Is the unshakable
resolve of the British government.
Some time ago It was said that Eng
land did not wish to see Germany too
severely punished; that Is, so crushed
as to cease functioning properly as a
factor in the European balance of
power." This statement still holds
The first lord of the admiralty. Win
ston Spencer Churchill,- summarized
the British attitude laBl nigni wuen no
that th. alllAM if VlCtOriOUS.
would demand of reconstructed Europe
the release ol all peoples irom aesuowi.
;. ,ri,.,. Thi. nrincinle means In
tegrity and independence, not only for
nations line Belgium, noimim
Scandinavian kingdoms, but for the
In other words, Germany will remain
Germany and Austria Austria, minus
h imnts which thev have gov
erned as conquering powers.
AFRICAN UNION LOYAL
BOTHA DWELLS OSf RIGHTEOUS
NESS OF BRITAIN'S CAUSE.
Premier' Address to Parliament De
clares Africa's Kate Is Belngr De
cided by War In Europe.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. The Brit
ish Embassy made public tonight the
following cablegram from the London
"General Botha, Premier of the
Union of South Africa, In a speech In
the Union Parliament on September 9,
said that as the empire was at war the
Union of South Africa was also at war.
Their conscience and duty bade them
be faithful to the imperial government
in their hour of trouble.
"That was the attitude of the South
African government and of the South
African people. The union defense
force had been mobilized and the union
troops at the request of the Imperial
government would undertake certain
operations in German Southwest
"General Botha dwelt on the right
eousness of Great Britain's cause and
said that the future of South Africa
was being decided on the battlefields
of Europe. He alluded to the grant of
a constitution to South Africa and to
the fact that Great Britain ever since
had regarded South Africa as a free
people and sister state. As an example
of how the Imperial government treat
ed South Africa he instanced the loan
of seven millions which the imperial
government had Just made to the union
government. This was the spirit of co
operation and brotherhood which in
variably animated the imperial gov
ernment towards the union govern
ment. The union government on their
side were offering South African prod
ucts for the use of the troops.
"The speech was enthusiastically
received by all parties."
TRICK SURRENDER ALLEGED
Wounded Austrian Says Servians
Throw Hand Grenades.
LONDON, Sept. 12. The Prague
newspaper Bohemia, according to an
Amsterdam dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph Company, publishes an inter
view with a badly-wounded Austrian
captain concerning the Servian meth
ods of warfare.
The Austrian says that many Serv
ians surrendered merely to give mis
leading information to their captors or
to commit assassination. Some of the
prisoners threw hand grenades at the
Austrian natrols accompanying them
and managed to escape, owing to the
confusion created by such an unex
Even women, the Austrian captain
declares, have thrown these grenades
at the Austrian troops. He credits the
Servian infantry with showing great
courage, but exhibiting poor marks
manship, heir artillery service, how
ever, was excellent.
BERLIN HAS WILD RUMOR
Sending Americans Out Starts Story
of Declaration of War.
LONDON, Sept. 12. (Special.) A
dispatch from Berlin to the Daily
Telegraph, dated September 10. says
certain Berlin newspapers notice a
wild rumor that the United States is
about to declare war on Germany. The
assertion came from the fact that Mr.
Gerard the American Ambassador, is
sending every American out of the
country with all speed.
"I saw the Ambassador today. He
was most emphatic In denouncing the
absurd statement of the German pa
pers. He said the relations of the
two countries had been in no way dis
turbed and that the preposterous an
nouncements were without doubt due
to the nervous state of some over
worked newspaperman. Serious peo
ple do not believe such reports."
James B. Haggln Dies at 8 7.
NEWPORT, R. I- Sept. 12. James B.
Haggln, of New York, capitalist and
horseman, died at his Summer home
here tonight, aged at years.
Corner Fourth and Alder Streets
SOLOMON ISLES TAKEN
BRITISH FLEET OCCUPIES GERMAN
TERRITORY IN PACIFIC.
Naval Laadina- Party Meets Resistance
and Forces War Four Miles
Over Mined Road.
LONDON, Sept. 12. The Admiralty
announced today that the British fleet
'.las occupied Herbertshoehe. on Blanche
Bay, the Beat cf government of the
German Bismarck Archipelago and the
The official press bureau gave out
the following statement today:
"A telegram has been received from
Rear-Admiral Sir George E. Patsy, com
manding the Australian navy, announc
ing the occupation at 7 A AI.. September
11, of the town of Herbertshoehe, In
the Island of New Pommeraln (late New
Britain). The Briusn nag was noisiea
"A naval landing party under Commando-
J. A. Beresford, of the Aus
tralian Navy, established themselves
on shore at dawn without the knowl
edge of the enemy, but stout resistance
was offered while the force was de
stroying the wireless telegraph appar
atus and the landing party had to force
its way for a distance o? four miles
through the bush the road in several
parts being mined.
'The German officer in command of
the parties in the trench, 600 yards
from the station, surrendered uncondi
tionally. "Guns have been landed and steps
have beeri taken to capture the station.
"The casualties are: Killed, Lieutenant-Commander
Charles B. Elwell and
two seamen of the Australian naval re
serve; wounded, 10 seamen.
"The German casualties are not
known, but two German officers, five
noncommissioned officers, and 13 native
policemen were taken prisoners."
The Bismarck Archipelago, with an
area of 18,000 square miles and a pop
ulation of 200,000. Is off the north
coast of Australia and southeast of the
Philippine Islands. The group was as
signed to the German sphere of Influ
ence by an agreement with Great Brit
ain in 1885. German New Guinea is
included In the Jurisdiction.
DAILY PRAYER ASKED FOR
Peace Society Attributes War in Part
to Secret Alliances.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. The en
ormous armaments of European na
tions, compulsory military service ex
acted' from the people, the "insatiable
ambition" of certain rulers "to increase
their personal power" and "intolerable
secret alliances" between nations are
among the causes of the European
war cited In "a message to the Ameri
can peopie" issued today by the Amer
ican Peace fiociety, calling on peace
loving people all over the land to unite
in prayer tomorrow and continue their
efforts each succeeding day until world
peace Is restored.
The message is signed by Senator
Theodore E. Burton, president of the
society, and Arthur D. Call, director.
Throughout the world there are mailed
dally 11lJ.n00.OOO.1"1" letters and cards.
WELL, MARIAN, HOW
DOES MY NEW SUIT
FIT? I BOUGHT IT
AT CHERRY'S AND
ITS SIZE 45
"Divinely, Aunt Isabel! Honestly,
you look simply charming! How on
esTrth did you manage to get your size
in a ready-made suit?"
"At Cherry's, as I told you. They've
the odd sizes there 43, 45 and 47 and
up in 50. That pretty store would
surely be thronged with stout women
if only they knew it."
"Well, I declare! I surely must tell
Bernlce about Cherry's. She Just about
walked herself to death hunting all
over town for a suit to fit her she
takes one of these big sizes, you know'.
That is an awfully becoming skirt,
"Yes, Marian, It's wide enough to
step comfortably. Cherry's suits in odd
sizes are all In standard styles, how
ever, and absolutely fashionable. The
chief beauty of them is that they fit
so faultlessly and wear so wonder
"Please let me have Cherry's address
to give to Bernlce."
"They are In the Plttock block. 389
391 Wash Oh, yes, by the way. tell
George they .have a beautiful line of
mens suits and overcoats, tov."
"BEST BY TEST" SINCE 1837
BRIDGE, BEACH & CO.'S
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WHICH FACT IS ATTESTED BY THOUSANDS
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Honeyman Hardware Co.
FOURTH AT ALDER
Broadway and Washington.
Portland's Most Beautiful and Best Ventilated Theater.
SUNDAY, MONDAY AND TUESDAY
The Old Loves
Two-reel Kaybee dram, featuring Miss Rhea Mitchell, the Port
Little Meg and I
Vietor drama, featuring
PATHE DAILY LATEST WAR NEWS
Street Scenes in Portland.
MI8S JANETTE PORTER,
A ShsWer of Note, Late With Frohman.
The Boob's Nemesis
A oomedy, featuring
Bob Leonard and Ella Hall.