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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 6, 1914)
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PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 6, 1914.
Pit ICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. XXXIII NO. 36.
WAST IN FRANCE
Frontal Fighting Halts
for Four Days.
WORST BATTLE YET IMPENDS
Germans Rush Force to South
east in Attempt to Out
MARCH AWAY FROM PARIS
Teutons Are Believed to Be
Trying to Duplicate
LONDON, Sept. 6. A Chronicle
dispatch from Paris says that 1,000,
000 men under arms are now gathered
in lie de France awaiting the grand
battle of the nations.
Since Tuesday there has been a
pause in the fighting along the main
fronts, while the Germans detached
a force to the southeast, which now is
reported on the Kiver Marne, making
an effort to outflank the allies.
German Plan Mystifies.
The plan of the German army in
France is somewhat puzzling. It ap
pears now to be driving toward the
French center east of Paris, possibly
with the purpose of making a great
tnrning movement and leaving Paris
invested on its right as it left Ant
werp. German diplomacy has been cred
ited by part of the Continental press
with the design of weakening the
forces arrayed against Germany by
bribing France into peace on easy
terms when she has been beaten to
French Considered Stem Now.
The Germans consider the French
an emotional people, as quick to de
spair as to enthuse, but the English
are confident that the French of to
day are far stronger in resolution
than the French in 1870.
The conviction grows steadily in
England that the war will be a long
one, in which the basic resonrces of
the belligerents will prove to be a de
cisive factor and the command of the
sea, with its protection to commerce,
will be vitally necessary to England.
March Away From Paris.
A dispatch to the Exchange Tele
graph Company from Paris says:
"It is officially announced here
that the German right wing continues
to go further away from Paris and is
still proceeding with the movement
(Concluded on Pape 4.)
PARIS, Sept. 6. An official com
munication waa United at midnight an.
nonnelng- that three forte had fallen at
Maubeuge, a fortress of the first claaa
LONDON, Sept. ft. The British Ad
miralty haa issned the followins no
tice I "All alda to navigation on the
eaat coaat of England nnd Scotland,
both by day nnd night, may be removed
at any time without any further warn
ing than is contained in thia notice."
LONDON, Sept. . A Milan dispatch
to the Dally Mall aaya the Ruaaiana
w-'iii.-l (TKernowitz without re
sistance. Cxernoirlta la the capital of
the Auatro-Hungarian crown land of
Bukowina. It la 148 milea southeast
LONDON, Sept. B. A dlapatch to the
Observer from Antwerp aaya that n
bag containing 62,000 aluminum iden
tification plates of Germans who have
been killed in the fighting b reached
Brussels from France. These plates
are destined for Berlin.
LONDON, Sept. 6. A dispatch to the
Chronicle from Amsterdam aaya that
ftn aeronlane dropped three bombs in
Ghent and Kecloo withaut damage to
LONDON, Sept. 6. A dlapatch to
Renter's from Antwerp says that the
headquarters staff there haa ordered
all Germana nnd Austrians to leave
Belgium by mid-Monday night. All
naturalised Germans and Austrians
have been ordered to leave the fortress
at Antwerp on the same date.
LONDON. Sent. 6. A dispatch to
Reuter'a from Antwerp says It Is of
ficially announced that the German
troops have evacuated Termonde (Den-
dermonde) after burning a number ot
houses and blowing up a bridge over
Sehcldt River. The Germans have
abandoned for the time nil raids Into
the Waes country.
LONDON. Sent. 5. A dispatch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company from
Rome aaya that It Is officially admitted
In Vienna that the Russians have cap
tured both Lemberg and Halicx.
LONDON, Sept. 5. A dispatch to the
Renter Telegram Company from Oatenfl
quote reservists from Lille as sarins
that a war levy of $40,000,000 has been
Imposed on that district by the Ger-
AMSTERDAM. Sept. 5 An official
dispatch from Berlin says that in the
Belgian district occupied by German
officials, post and telegraph service
will be soon opened under the super
vision of the general postofflce at
ROTTERDAM, via London. Sept. 5.
Americana arriving here today from
Germany report that large German
forces are going to the assistance of
the Austrians In Galleia. The Germans
comprise infantry for the most part,
because this arm of the Austrian serv
ice haa not proved as effective as had
PARIS, Sept. 5. According to a
Copenhagen dispatch to the Temps, a
famine la feared In Vienna within a
fortnight. Dispatches from the Au
strian capital any there are 230,000 per
sons without work nnd the number Is
Increasing rapidly; all stores are closed
and the people are despondent.
ROTTERDAM, via London, Sept. 5.
Berlin makes official announcement
that Dendermonde In East Flanders, 18
miles east of Ghent, was taken today,
the Belgian garrison retreating to
PARIS, Sept. 5 A dispatch to the
Havas agency from Petrograd says that
the Germana In Tslng-Tau, seaport and
capital of Klau-Chau, are completely
Isolated, according to dispatches from
Tokio. The situation ot the Germans is
described as precarious.
LONDON, Sept. 5. A dispatch from
Petrograd quotes an official statement
as declaring that the Ruaslana have de
feated the Austrians between Lublin
and Kholm. Five thousand Austrians
were taken prisoners.
TORONTO, Sept. 5. Aliens in Canada
have been forbidden the possession of
arms or explosives, Nativea of coun
tries at war with England who have
arms or explosives must surrender
them to the authorities within ten dnys.
SOME OUTSTANDING FEATURES OF THE WEEK'S WAR NEWS ARE HERE ILLUSTRATED BY
RUSSIA SEEKS TO
Complete Defeat Is Siu
LUBLIN WILL BE ATTACKED
Effort Made to Drive Main De
fending Army Back.
GERMANY MOVING TROOPS
Closing of Railways to Civil Traf
fic Believed to Indicate That
Forces in Cast Prussia Are
LONDON, Spt. 5. A dispatch from
Rome says M. Krowpenski, tne Russian
Ambassador to Italy, commenting to
day on the Russian advance into Gall
eia, said that the possession of Lemberg-
and Hellcz was exceptionally Im
portant. It gave the Russians com
mand of the whole of Galicla on the left
bank of the Dniester River, he said,
with the possibility of easily continu
ing their offensive operations to the
south of the Carpathian Mountains.
The Russian objective was the com
plete defeat of the Austrian army, the
Ambassador declared. They would thus
be enabled, to center all their strength
Lublin to Be Attacked.
The correspondent of the Daily Mall at
Petrograd in an account of the Rui-
lan operations under date of Thurs
'Of the total Austrian forces in Gall
eia probably 12 army corps at least
four army corps of 200,000 men have
been practically put out of action, any
how for some time, and 150 of their
300 guns captured.
, "Russia is now able to detach con
siderable forces to Lublin and the pros
pect is that this will probably force
the Austrian main army to fall back
on the strong fortresses of Pryzemysl,
Jaroslau and Cracow, whereby the Rus
sians will recover those parts of
Poland occupied by the Austrians and
the fertile eastern part of Galleia up
to the Carpathians."
Austria Invaded From Tomaacow.
It is believed a large force of Rus
sians from Tomascow has invaded Aus
tria, Sergius Sasonoff, the Russian Foreign
Minister, has telegraphed the Russian
Embassy here that the Austrian defeat
near Lemberg was much greater than
at first appeared. The Austrians, in
escaping, left on the battlefield, be
sides 25,000 men, nearly 200 cannon,
flags, ammunition carriages and thou
sands of horses.
The Russian Foreign Minister adds
that the Russians have also invaded
Austria from Tomascow.
As a whole the Austrian division
was practically annihilated. Among the
killed were the General-in-Chief and
his staff. A large number of prisoners
were taken, including several officers.
Force Free to Attack Germany.
A high military official at Petrograd
is reported as saying:
"When the war began Austria was
our most serious enemy because, ex
cept for four army corps sent against
Servia, her entire army was directed
"Now that Servia has annihilated
four Austrian corps at Shabats and we
have decisively defeated 200,000 men
between the Vistula and the Dniester,
ten Russian army corps are sufficient
to hold the Austrians in check, leav-
( Concluded on Page 2.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 6
degrees; minimum, 49 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northweaterly winds.
One million armed men in France await
grand battle of nations. Section 1, page l
Russia seeking to crush Austria, then turn
on Germany. Section 1, page 1.
People of Germany solidly behind war. Sec
tion 1. page 1.
Allies agree they will make no peace terms
without others' consent. Section 1. page
Cuba finds European war profitable. Sec
tion 1, page 2.
Britain to devote most of prize money to
upkeep of navy. Section l, page .
German statement blames Belgian citizens
for destruction of Louvain. section 1,
Red Cross ship ready to sail tomorrow. Sec-
tion 1, page 3.
Brunt of war tax to be borne by beer and
wines. Section 1, page 1.
Bernard Shaw declares present war crime
against civilization. Section 1. page 3.
British aeronauts making military history.
Section 1, page 3.
Great Britain disarming merchant craft.
Section 1, page 2
House passes Alaska coal leasing bilL Sec
tion 1, page 6.
Militia restores peace to Butte. Section I.
Pope Benedict XV sends apostolic benedic
tion to faithful In United states. Sec
tion 1, Page 6.
Secretary Daniels praises policy of peace.
Section 1, page 8.
Celebration of centenary of "Star-Spangled
Banner" begins today. Section 1, page ll.
Shad O. Krantz describes political situation
in Illinois, section l. page b.
California Republicans seek to keep Pro
gressives from convention. Section L
Coast League results Portland 9, Sacra
mento 2; Venice 2, Oakland 1; Los An
geles 6. San Francisco 5. Section 3.
Joe Jackson and Ross Erwln lead big
leagues batsmen. Section 2, page 2.
Semi-pro ball teams to meet in seml-flnais
today, section i, page z.
Gridiron season for Aggies opens. Section
2, page 3-
Oregon Varsity footbail outlook declared
most promising In years. Section 2, page 5.
Multnomah football squad looms better than
ever. Section 2. page S.
Francis Oulmet wins amateur golf cham
pionship of United States. Section -.
Braves tie Giants In National League race.
Section page 2.
Gun club shoots start soon. Section 2,
California fans like new baseball schedule
Section 2, page 4,
Medford fruit shortage not felt by banks.
Section L page 10.
Lawyers declare eight-hour law If passed
will be unconstitutional. Section 1, page 7.
Big primary vote expected in Pierce County
Tuesday. Station 1, page 8.
Gresham is ready for Multnomah County
Fair, set for September 15-19. Section 1.
Democrats and Progressives fuse on Legis
lative ticket in Washington. Section 1.
Broncho riders invade Vancouver on natal
day. Section 1, page 10.
One thousand men fighting forest fires In
Idaho. Section 1, page 7.
Columbia County officials fall to resign in
required five days. Section 1, page 8.
Farmers and stockmen of Washington hold
ins; c.i 'tie for higher prices. Section 1.
State Canvassing Board proclaims Judge
Benson nominated over Justice McNary
by one vote for Supreme Court. Section
1, page 10.
Wild West stars eager to compete at Walla
Walla entertainment. Section 1, page 3.
Commercial and Marine.
Record crop ot onions harvested In Ore
gon. Section 2, page j-j.
Chicago wheat market reacts on profit-tak
ing sales, section X, page id.
Foreign steel orders captured by Eastern
mills. Section 2, page 15.
Big flour shipment ready for" East, but lim
ited space delays transportation. Sec
tion 2. page 6.
Portland and Vicinity.
Future leaders of labor to hold forth at
celebration at Oaks. Section 1, page lit.
Havoc wrought in Philippines by Democratic
rule. Section l, page v.
Season at Oaks nearlng close. Section 1,
Rev. Milton H. St. John argues for seventh
day as scriptural Sabbath. Section l,
Seven defeated aspirants for Gubernatorial
nomination lorm narmony ciuo to worn
for success of Mr. Withycombe and en
tire Republican ticket Section 1, page 1-1.
Visiting Nurse Association now 12 years
old neeas neip. worn uuuunug iu
Section 1, page 13.
Visiting Nurse Association plana campaign
for new members, section l, page in.
Alternating-date sprinkling system is said to
have obviated need or meters, bection
1. page 12.
Varied entertainment features assured for
Products Show. Section 1, page 13.
Indictments lay open great arson trust m
Portland. Section 1. page 11.
George F. Riddell and A. Boyd Williams
honored by Mazamas. bection page o.
German women raising Red Cross funds.
Section 1. page 14.
Oregon farmers suffer by Underwood tariff
bill. Section l, page iz.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
2. page 7.
BEER AND WINE TO
BEAR BRUNT OF TAX
Party Agrees on $75,
000,000 of Revenue.
RAILROAD TICKETS TO ESCAPE
Freight Rates Let Alone Be
cause Hard to Collect.
GASOLINE WILL GO FREE
Addition of 15 or 20 Cents a Gallon
to Distilled Liquors and Tax on
Proprietary Medicines Are
Finally Agreed On.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 5. Democratic
members of the ways and means com
mittee agreed today virtually on a list
of commodities susceptible to special
taxation to raise 175.000.000 of the
$100,000,000 requeued by President
Wilson to offset the loss in customs
receipts caused by the conflict In Eu
rope. What shall oe taxed to raise
the other $25,000,000 has not been de
cided, scores of commodities and means
of taxation being proposed. The com
mittee will meet again next Tuesday
and expects to complete the bill next
Although no announcement was
made, it is certain that beer and fer
mented liquors will come first among
articles taxed. The additional beer tax
will be either 60 or 60 cents a barrel,
probably 50 cents, producing $33,000,000
a year. A tax of 20 cents a gallon is
probable on domestic wines, bringing
in from $10,000,000 to $15,000,000.
Proprietary Medicines to Pay.
From -a tax on proprietary medicines
and preparations of all kinds and on
soft drinks, it is hoped to raise about
$2'0,000,000, while a small additional
revenue tax on distilled liquors, prob
ably not more than 15 cents a gallon,
would bring the total tax on whisky,
etc., to $1.25 a gallon. From these
sources, it is estimated $75,000,000 would
So severe was the opposition to a tax
on railroad tickets among committee
members, chiefly because of its unpopu
larity and probable political effect, that
further consideration is unlikely. An
alternative to tax railroad freight rates
has been suggested, but this, it was
pointed out, would be expensive and
difficult to collect.
It is also improbable that there will
be any stamp tax on commercial instru
ments, such as checks, drafts, convey
ances, mortgages, etc. Nearly all mem
bers of the committee agree that such
a tax would require too much adminis
Tobacco Tax Is Opposed.
The majority of the committee also
oppose an additional tax on tobacco be
cause of the burden it now bears.
There is some urgency, however, for a
graduated tax on cigars, according to
value, from which, it is asserted, large
increases in revenue could be procured.
Taxation of gasoline is strenuously
objected to. Opposition, it was said,
lies chiefly in the fact that it would be
expensive to collect, necessitating Gov
ernment agents in refineries.
Among new subjects for taxation
seriously discussed by the committee
were monthly and weekly magazines
and periodicals, including magazines
circulated through Sunday newspapers.
It was proposed to levy a tax on cir
culation at a given figure per thousand.
A tax on automobiles also is being con
sidered, either an excise tax on the
manufactured machines, a tax on the
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Saturday's War Moves
THERE is almost total silence again
regarding the happenings in France,
neither the British nor the French gov
ernments vouchsafing any detailed in
formation as to the positions of the
respective armies which are facing each
other a few miles from Pari. The
French official statement persists that
the "respective situations" on the
French' left wing have not been changed.
It adds that the enveloping movement
has been definitely checked." Mean
while it has become known that a des
perate defense is being made at Mau
beuge, a fortress of the first class In
the Department Du Nord. British troops
are engaged here, aiding . the French
garrison. The bombardment is reported
as extremely violent. It is admitted
three of the forts have been destroyed,
.but it is said the city holds oat. The
first official communication from Bor
deaux, the new seat of the French gov
ernment, speaks of the German move
ment on Paris as having been diverted
to the eastward, in which direction the
Invaders have reached I.n Fere Sous
Jouarre, some 30 miles east of Paris.
This would seem to confirm the German
announcement that the allied forces
have been driven back to and in' some
cases across the River Marne.
Military experts believe the Ger
mans are preparing for a grand as
sault on Paris In the hope of battering
down the defenses of the capital. This
Is because the investment of Paris,
while the huge mobile army of the
allies is outside the city, would not
appear to be a logical part of the
swift German campaign.
The Belgian town of Dendermonde
(Termonde), in East Flanders, haa
been taken by the Germana according
to an official report from Berlin and
newspaper dispatches from Ostcnd.
The latter advices add that the inhabi
tants of the district have opened the
dikes and are flooding the country.
German troops are reported to have
been caught by the waters and have
suffered severely from shelling.
In the East. Austria now admits the
loss of both Lemberg and Hallcz. The
Petrograd War Office now estimates
that the Russian victories in Galicla
and the Servian victory at Jadar have
so crippled the forces of the dual mon
archy that only ten Russian army
corps are needed, to keep Austria in
check. This reler ses 20 corps for the
Invasion ot Germany.
An agreement has been signed by
Sir Edward Grey, British Secretary of
State for Foreign Affairs, and the
French and Russian Ambassadors at
Ixndon, in behalf of their respective
governments, that peace shall not be
concluded separately during the pres
ent war by any one of the three allies
and that no other of the allies will
demand conditions of peace without the
previous agreement of the others. This
is viewed In diplomatic circles in
Washington as presaging a prolonga
tion of the war. and officials of the
Government are downcast in conse
Confirmation of the movement of
Russian troops through England was
received again yesterdny, when the
American liner Philadelphia reached
New York. Passengers told of delays
on the road to Liverpool, due, they
were informed, to the movement of
Russian soldiers. One man said he
had actually seen 10,000 Russian sol
diers in Piccadilly Circus, London. No
word of this nature had escaped the
news censor at the cable offices, and
it is a peculiar fact in the same con
nection that not a line has come out
of France indicating the operation of
Russian soldiers at any point there.
Reports that Greece had announced
her intention of remaining neutral
were regarded as likely to have an en
couraging effect at Constantinople.
The decision of the porte on war and
peace depends almost entirely on what
the alignment will be in the Balkans.
It is now said that Turkey was not so
sure of Roumanla's support as prev
iously. Roumanla. it was said, has had
a secret alliance with Austria for some
time and has always harbored a
grudge against Russia. The Rouman
ians, however, are racially Slavic and
latest intimations are that they plan to
offset any help which Bulgaria might
give to Turkey.
PEOPLE IN GERMANY
SOLIDLY BEHIND WAR
Peace Party Utterly
Out of Existence.
BRITAIN'S PART AROUSES FURY
Belgian Neutrality Is Held to
Be Mere Subterfuge.
RUSSIANS ARE OLD FOES
Lent 1'ccltnr of All Is Against
France Italy Expected to Join
1'oei Berlin Calm to Out
BY JOSEPH MED1L1 PATTERSON.
(War correspondent ef tha Chicago Tribune,
Br arransenient with the Oil. ago Trtbuae.)
BERLIN. Aug. 24. (Special Corre
spondence.) This elty la the storm cas
ter of the world, but. like the center of
a typhoon, itself Is calm.
No casual visitor, not even the moat
observant, could tell from tha out
ward appearanco of things that there
waa a war In progress. There are
crowds in front of the newspaper bul
letin boards, but smaller crowds than
stand in front of the boards In America
that sbow the scores of the baseball
When a band plays a patriotic air tha
people clap their hands.
Fewer Xra Seta oa Streets.
The only difference for the visitor to
see between Berlin now and Berlin IB
peaco la that there are fewer men com
pared with women in the ttreeta and
restaurants and fewer laxlcabs; also
that all Americans wear tiny American
flags in their coat lapels. This Is so
they will not be mistaken for English.
Tho American Is popular In JJarlin
now, for ours Is the only first-class
power not fighting Germany. Italy
la not yet, but there Is a resigned
feeling here that Italy probably will
jump in as aoon aa the Germans lose
If anybody believes that this la not
a people's war. ho is enormously mis
taken. Germany was never so entire
ly united in one single common pur
pose aa now.
People .Voir Solidly lalted.
Whether the German meases ap
proved of their entrance Into the
Austro-Rueslan-Servlau quarrel in lUi
first place, 1 cannot say. Diplomacy
in Europe is a game of chess, or, bel
ter, a game of poaer. Diplomats In
all countries are always playing 1U
That is their business.
Suddenly the players at the Inter
national poker game reached for their
guns, and, in the words of Penrod
bchofleld, "blng. bing, blng went the
Now, Germana don't like Russians
any more than Russians like Germans.
The two races have been In close and
frictlonal contact along their frontier
and In the Baltic provinces of Rus.
sla for centuries. Uuaala waa made
western chiefly by German bureau
crats and officials and the dreamy
Slavs never learned to like their ef
ficient, thorough, tactless Teutoulo
So when the war came with Ruesla
It was not unpopular. The peace party
the Socialists was at first against
It, as it Is against all war. But the
people on the whole were willing and
France's entrance, though not un
expected, was lern with regret. The
Germans have loast feeling of all
England's declaration was received
(Concluded on Page )