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' oTm vn rtnvnnv SITVT1 A V THHRVIVR. SEPTEMBER 13. 1914. PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BERM AHS MAKE
Mortar Batteries Aban
doned, Faris Says.
BATRE RAGES AT CENTER
Capture of Artillery of One
Army Corps by Frenchmen
"HOLD GROUND" IS ORDER
French Commander Tells Men
No Matter at What Cost
Not to Retreat.
PARIS, Sept. 12. The official
statement issued tonight says: "The
German retreat is exceedingly rapid.
The pursuit is vigorous. The Germans
have abandoned many mortars.
"This retreat appears to have been
more rapid than the advance. This
has been so precipitate at certain
points that our troops have gathered
up at the general quarters, notably at
Montmirail, charts, documents and
personal papers abandoned by the
enemy, and also packages of letters
which have been received or were
ready to be forwarded.
Mortar Batteries Abandoned.
"In the district of Fromentieres
the enemy abandoned several batteries
of mortars and caissons of ammuni
tion. "The prisoners give a marked im
pression of utter destruction, over
driving and discouragement. The
horses particularly are exhausted.
"On September 6 the commander-in-chief
of the French armies ad
dressed the following order of the day
to his troops:
" 'At the moment when a battle is
being engaged, on the result of which
the welfare of the country depends, it
is important to remind all that it is no
longer time to look behind.
"No Retreat," Is Order.
" 'All efforts must be employed to
attack and to drive back the enemy.
" 'A force which cannot advance
any further shall, no matter at what
cost, retain the conquered ground and
be killed on the spot rather than fall
back. Under the present circum
etances no weakness can be tolerated.'
"We now know how these instruc
tions have been carried out and the
brilliant results obtained.
"When our victorious troops en
tered Vitry-le-Francois there was
found in the house occupied by the
(Concluded on Page 4.)
OJ.O CTACf -ZOSr
LONDON", Sept. 13. A dispatch to the
Renter Teleajram Company from Paris
says the French occupied Solssons, De
partment of Alsne, at 6 o'clock Satur
day night LuneTllle, in the Depart
ment Mnerthe-et-SIoaelle, also haa been
LONDON, Sept. 12. A dispatch from
Bordeaux to Reuter's Telegram Com
pany saya that the Temps repeats the
report that the stock of gasoline In
Germany Is becoming exhausted, and
adds that, as the German army depends
largely on Its motor transport of sup
plies of all sorts, this greatly aggra
vates the situation.
ROME, Sept. 12. A telegram from
Trieste to the Resto del Carllno of
Bologna says the telegraph' and tele
phone wires at Pols, In Styria, where
11-0,000 Austrians are said to be coneen
trated, hare been cut. It la reported
that bombs were thrown Into the bar
racks, which were burned. As a result
of these disorders a considerable num
ber of executions have taken place.
MILAN, Italy, via Paris, Sept. 12. A
dispatch to the Corriere della Sera
from Basel, Switzerland, says the Ger
mans are evacuuting Southern Alsace.
LONDON, Sept. 12 The African
World says an active movement is on
foot to offer Field Marshal Earl
Kitchener, Secretary of State for War,
a corps of picked British and Dutch
Afrikander scouts for use with .Field
.Marshal French's army, under the com
mand of General Christian Rudolf
De Wet, the Boer commander.
ROME, via London, Sept. 12. The
Nish correspondent of the Messagero
states that the Austrians lost BOO
killed and 500 wounded at Mitrokltzn,
Seryla. The Austrians continue to re
treat, leaving behind hundreds of
pieces of artillery and thousands of
PARIS, Sept. 12. Service on the
Northern Railway interrupted by the
German invasion, is gradually being re
sumed between Paris and the more dis
tant suburbs. It was said today there
was a possibility, in the event of fur
ther retirement by the Germans, that
communication with the coast would
soon be re-established.
LONDON, Sept. 12. A dispatch to the
Evening News from Petrograd says
that Henry Slenkiewicz, the Polish
writer and author of "Quo Vadls," who
recently issued an appeal to the Polea
to support Russia in the war, has been
taken prisoner by the Austrians and
sent to Cracow.
PARIS, Sept. 12. A Havas agency
dispatch from Brlndisi, Italy, says the
Italian authorities there have forbidden
vessels In the future to leave the roads
except between sunrise and sunset.
PARIS, Sept. 12. Seven hundred Ger
man prisoners have arrived at Brienne-la-Chateuu.
They expressed surprise
that the British were fighting against
Germnny. Another party of SO Uhlans
has surrendered at Montereau in a
LONDON, Sept. 12. The Petrograd
correspondent of the Renter Telegram
Company reports that a Hungarian bat
talion has crossed the Roumanian
frontier and laid down its arms.
BORDEAUX, Sept. 12 (via London.)
An official announcement says:. "Jac
ques Delcasse, son of the Foreign Min
ister, was wounded in one of the re
cent engagements and is now in a hos
pital, according to information received
from the Spanish .Minister at Berlin."
PETROGRAD, Sept. XX The Russian
troops are drawing nearer the San
River, according to the official an
nouncement made tonight. The Aus
trian army is in retreat and is being
closely pursued by the Russians.
PRINCES REPORTED DEAD,
Two Sons of Emperor Said to Be
Among Koyul War Victims.
LONDON, Sept. 13. An Ostend dis
patch to the Reuter Telegram Company
says: "Crown Pjrince Frederick William
and Prince Adalbert of Prussia, the
Emperor's third son. and Prince Carl
of Wuerttemberg are reported to have
died in a hospital at Brussels."
uviJ.t - vToov yr-
KAISER'S MEN DEFY
Army Moves Like Part
of Great Machine.
LINE AFTER LINE ADVANCES
Slaughter Terrible, but Foe
Cannot Kill Fast Enough.
MARCH DISCIPLINE STERN
Fellowship Between Soldiers and
Officers Wholly Lacking Lag
gards Ruthlessly Punished
by Their Superiors.
BOULOGNE, Sept. 5. (From the
correspondent of the London Stand
ard) I have seen and marveled at the
torrent of human figrhtlnff machines
which Germany has poured into this
I have watched that most wonder
ful slffht the German army on the
march and I have witnessed the still
more remarkable spectacle German
troops going Into action for. equipped
with my credentials as the citizen of a
neutral country, I have been able to
move with comparative freedom in. the
southern regions of Belgium and the
northern provinces of France.
Railways Torn Up by Frend.
It was after the occupation'of Brus
sels and the fighting at Mons that I
found myself resting in a French vil
lage through which the German In
vaders were passing The retreating
French had torn up the railways, and,
while the German engineers were re
pairing them with all possible speed,
the troops marched along the high
roads carrying the Impedimenta with
The hum of a motor high up in the
air was the first intimation of their
approach. The villagers rushed out and
gazed skyward. A Taube aeroplane
was hovering above us not very dis
tant, and soon we saw others in the
leader s wake. It was quite evident
that they were spying out the land
thoroughly, looking for possible dan
gers to the advancing hosts and trans
mitting information to the marching
Airmen Fall, Army Machine Goes On.
While we watched, one of the Taube
machines Crumpled up and fell head
long to the ground. Both occupants
pitched out in mid-air and dropped a
sheer 500 feet to certain death.
But how utterly insignificant that
tragic, incident seemed. Two German
airmen dead, two German families
flung into mourning, but the German
hosts marched on and the destruction
of these human atoms of a mighty
whole was of no military consequence
Round the bend of the road came the
va.-nerna.rd. consisting of a big contin
gent of military cyclists with rifles
swung over their shoulders. Knowing
the way was clear for them they rode
right through the village at a slow
pace. Close behind came a regiment of
cavalry and then field artillery, tne
horses almost worn out, and the drivers
thrashed them until they maintained
the pace that suited the requirements
of a forced march.
Then came more cavalry and corns
of various descriptions, and then in
fantry. The road was wide and they marched
them. Such typical German faces and
(Concluded on Page 5.)
EVENTS IN THE WEEK'S NEWS APPEARED
ACCOffOfiG TO ZSPOfZTS G-fRAt- VOM ftUCH
almost- cor -rt? a&'G qoa-t ear -the 4j.lfs
V-Auy SMUT V"' CfooM V tor H-tscfi
INDEX OF TODAFSNEW NtWAIVIbAbbAUUH b
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 6-!
degrees; minimum, BO degrees. .
TODAY'S Unsettled, probably showers; var
iable winds, mostly westerly.
New American Amoassador to France said
to have offended ueoule. Page 1, sec
Germans In battle insensible to deadly fire
of enemy. Section 1, page 1.
German line In France reported to be
continuing retreat- Section 1, page L
Kaiser asked to discuss peace. Section 1,
Berkeley, Cal., woman, after losing two
children by exposure in war, returns with
third child to New York. Section 1,
United states to deal with Turkey without
Joining powers. Section. 1, page 2.
Sea traffic gain great on Atlantic Section
1, page 4.
Dr. Aked views "moral effect of Europe's
madness," Section 1, page 4,
Belgians regaining lost territory. Section
1, page 4.
Battlefield of Rtver Marne is scene of deso
lation. Section L page 6.
Secretary Bryan says present war Is death
struggle of militarism. Section 1, page tt.
Allies said to fear Wilson will make peace
move prematurely. Section 1, page 2.
Indian troops being brought to England by
way of Canada. Section 1, page 11.
Carranza denies alarming reports on condi
tions In Mexico. Section 1, page 7.
Senate committee agrees on modified harbor
bin. section l. page 7.
Consul reports millions In China face year of
famine. Section 1, page 7.
Wheat sales hamper politicians In North
Dakota. Section 1, page 5.
Wets and Drys in hard contest In Minne
sota. Section 1, page 5.
Coast League results: Portland 3, Los An
geles 2; San Francisco 5, Oakland l; Mis
sions 5, Venice 1. Section 2, Page 3.
Shorter season for deer hunting proposed
Section 2, Page 4.
Mathowson says worry fatal to big league
twlrlers. Section 2, Page 5.
Portland Golf Club revises members' handi
caps. Section 2, Page 5.
Gun Club lured by many trophies. Section
2, Page 4.
Varsity football squad, back from training
camp, reach Eugene. Section 2, Page 2.
Irish-American Athletic Club takes National
meet. Section 2, Page 4.
Thirty O. A. C. men ready for 1014 fray
Section 2, Page 2.
Three Portland hunters land three deer
apiece In Douglas County. Section 2,
Multnomah Athletic Club classes to start to
morrow. Section 2; Page 2.
Good year for interscholastio football pre
dicted. Section 2, Page 5.
'Fred Newell victor in. Rowing Club's regatta
for Gloss trophy. Section 2, Page 4.
University of Oregon to have big freshman
class this year. Section 1, Page 8.
Polk County Fair to open at Dallas Thurs
day. Section I. Page 10.
Vote at Washington psdmarles retires two
Progressive Representatives. Section 1,
Governor Haines names Moscow man Asso
ciate Justice of Supreme Court of Idaho.
Section 1, Page S.
Addison Bennett tells of progress In and
around Roseburg. Section 1, Page 8.
Oregonlans lead activities of California Uni
versity. Section 1, page 10.
Commercial and Marine.
Northwestern wheat market lightly affected
by slump In East. Section 2, page 10.
Peace rumors lead to further drop in wheat
prices at Chicago. Section 2, page IS.
Bankers' gold pool may not be required. Sec
tion 2, page 15.
Exporter has hope through British and
French successes. Section 2, page 6.
Cuzco carrying submarine equipment to
Chile. Section 2. page 6.
New prize court metrods used by British.
Section 2. page 6.
Portland and Vicinity.
Visiting Nurse Association's campaign for
funds to be waged tomorrow. Section,
1, page 12. 1
Republicans typify Dr. Smith, Democratic
candidate for Governor, "dispenser of
remarks." Section " 1, page 15.
Manufacturers' and Land Products Show
enlists many patronesses. Section 1,
Teachers in annual pre-school meeting are
advised to be tactful in treatment of
war. Section 1, page 18.
Robert F. Magulre resigns as Deputy District
Attorney. Section 1, page 17.
Fire patrols prove efficiency. Section 1,
Vacation ends today, Portland schools to
reopen tomorrow. Section U page 18.
One hundred and six wfdows are placed on
pension roll In 14 months. Section 1,
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
2, page 0.
Esteem for Visiting Nurse Association is
general In city. Section 1, page 12.
Jonathan Bourne, Jr., donates S500 to help
Oregon Republican cause and tells why
he can't give more. Section 1, page 12.
Madame Norelli tells of thrilling escape
from war zone. Section 1, page 3.
Women's political Science Club- to change
constitution owing to growth of organi
zation. Section 1. Page 12.
Reed College will open Monday. Section i,
: ! ii f-i 1 1 i lini rtrti nnn?n
Sharp Is Said to Have
RECALL SUGGESTED IN PARIS
Washington Curious, but Not
REPORT MAY BE ASKED
Communication With French Capital
Not as Free as Before Removal
to Bordeaux Herrick
WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. Publica
tion here of a brief cable message say
ing; that the new Ambassador to
France, William G. Sharp, had given
offence to 'the French people by an
Interview caused a sensation here
No Intimation of what Mr. Sharp
said has been permitted to become
known. The dispatch said Mr. Sharp's
interview had been heavily censored
before it was permitted to appear at
all. The fact that the censor should
exercise his function In connection
with the words of the Ambassador of
a friendly power Is regarded In Itself
of grave significance.
Americans Suggest Recall
Americans residing in Paris, familiar
with the nature of his interview, said:
"It would be a calamity if he were
A prominent American living in
t..i. i. o-ivon authority for the
complaint against Ambassador Sharp.
In the absence of secretary urjau.
other officials of the State -Department
today said no message had been re
ceived from Paris for two days. It
that since the removal
of the French government to Bordeaux
communication with Paris nas not Deen
so free as formerly.
At the French Embassy aTso it was
mill that tin word had been received
'rom the French government relative"
to the utterances of Mr. Sharp, ine
information Ambassador Jusser-
and has are the reports in American
Official Washington Is Curious.
While inclined to be skeptloal as to
tho truth of the rumors, officials of the
State Department evinced curiosity con
cerning the reports ana tne indications
are that an official report will be de
manded at once from Mr. Sharp or Am.
bassador Herrick. whose place Mr.
Sharp has been appointed to fill.
If the report that Mr. Sharp has been
Indiscreet in a public interview is con
flrmod diDlomats In Washington be
lieve the Administration will not hesi
tir, Hrastir-. action. The Presi
dent is known to have desired to retain
Mr. Herrick at his post indefinitely in
Jnnn.nitinn nf hi AXnellent work on
rural credits and other questions of
Interest to the Administration, and
since the war broke out has refused to
replace him with Mr. Sharp, who has
been confirmed by tne senate ana is
on the ground prepared to take the
post at a favorable opportunity.
Mr. Herrick Is Popular.
Mr. Herrick, the retiring Ambassa
dor, has been seeking to get away Jom
his post for months. He is declared to
be one of the most popular Americans
who ever represented this country in
France, not only with the French gov
ernment and people, but with thousands
.'occluded on Page 2.)
IN THIS LIGHT TO CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
Saturday's War Moves
FAILURE of efforts to break through
the French center seemed yester
day to have resulted In a general re
tirement by the German armies In
France, and the evacuation of Vitry-le-Francois
was one of the significant
moves of the day. The French also re
occupied the city of Lunevllle, In the
department of Muerthe-et-Moselle-Vltry-le-Francols.
which was the pivot
of their offensive operations and which
they had fortified early in the war.
This retirement was made imperative
by the continued retreat of the German
right wing, which Is now somewhere
northwest of Rheims, and the defeat
of an army corps which was operating
just east of Vitry-le-Francois around
Hevignne and Sermaize. and which In
its hurry to Join the retirement left a
quantity of war material behind.
The Germans In the Argonne district
likewise have begun to fall back, so
that the pressure on the forts to the
southwest of Verdun, which a Berlin
report said the Germans had begun to
bombard, should be relieved.
In Lorraine, too. the French say they
have won further successes and to have
been enabled to straighten out their
line along that frontier. They have oc
cupied the territory east of the forest
of Champenoux, Gerbervlller. Kesalnvll
ler and Saint Die, thus getting in closer
touch with their troops, which, since
the early days of the war, have held a
bit of German territory in front f
hlle the French reports say that
the French army Is following up all
these successes, it would appear that
their most serious driving movement is
taking place against the German right
wing, which since Saturday last has
traveled north faster than It went
south. On Friday this wing, which. Is
composes of General von Kluck's army
and par' of General von Buelow's
corps, occupied a line which follows
the River Vesle and the railway from
Solssons through Flsmes to . ie moun
tains immediately sou'.h o' Rheims.
Yesterday, however, these troops must
have gone still furthe- north or east,
as the British official report says the
British cavalry reached that line be
tween Solssons and Flsmes and - that
several prisoners were captured.
It Is believed that General Sir John
French, who won a reputation as one
of the grea. st cavalry leaders in the
South African War, will cling to the
heels of this retreating army Just as
long as his men and horses can stand
the strain. It Is possible, too, that he
will get assistance from the French
cavalry, which has not yet been heard
from to any great extent in this war
and which Is credited wn.. being the
equal of any In the world.
The Belgian army has become active
again and according to official reports
from London is advancing from the
forts around Antwerp. It apparently
has divided into sections and has re
occupled both Aerschot and Mallnes,
where there have been so many en
gagements during the past few weeks,
and has even got as far southeast s
the battlefields of August, and coming
down on both sides of what remains of
Louvaln has cut communications be
tween that town and Brussels on the
west and between Louvain and Tlrle
mont and Liege on the southeast. An
other army is still harassing tHe Ger
man force which is advancing south
ward to France.
While the Belgians have only about
80,000 troops, theirs is a mobile force
and can cause trouble to the weakened
German army of occupation in Bel
gium. The Russians continue to strike at
the Austran left In Gallcia, and, ac
cording to the reports from Petrograd,
they have succeeded in smashing it.
What remains of the Austrian left is
said to be in the' angle between the
rivers Vistula and San, where the
Russians hope to force a surrender.
On the Prussian and Posen campaign
nothing has been divulged, but offi
cial reports say the Russians are op
erating before Posen and Breslau and
have occupied Tsenstochoff and Petro
koff. It is thought, however, that
they will satisfy themselves with try
ing to hold their positions In both
Prussia and Posen until they have at-
(Concluded on Pace 4.)
GERMANY IS ASKED
TO DISCUSS PEACE
Kaiser Known to Have
Letter From Wilson,
MOVE IS BEGUN BY BANKER
Von Bernstorff Said to Have
ALLIES' POSITION KNOWN
Britain Declared to Oppose Tempo
rary Truce, and Prance Declines
to Treat While Invader
Occupies Her Soil.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. Emperor
William has had under consideration
for several days. It was learned tonight,
an informal Inquiry from the Ualted
States Government as to whether Ger
many desires to discuss terms of peace
with her foes.
Up to a late hour no reply had come,
but on its tenor depends to some ex
tent whether the Informal peace move
ment Inaugurated Just a week ago to
night can be pursued further with
Great Brltsln. France and Russia.
The Inquiry was not a formal one,
such as President Wilson's original
tender of good offices, but waa an ef
fort of an ofTIclal oharacter to deter
mine whether Germany's reported wil
lingness to talk peace was based ou
Story of Peace Talks Teld.
The chronology of the peace move
ment was revealed tonight, after a
canvass of officials, diplomatists and
others directly concerned In the Inci
dent. The story of the seven days of
peace talk, as told by some of the prin
cipals, Is substantially as follows:
Saturday. September 6 Count von
Bernstorff, the Germs n Ambassador,
dined with James Speyer. the banker,
at the letter's residence In New York
Oscar Straus. American member of The
Hague tribunal and former Cabinet of
ficer, was present In the course of the
evening, as the conversation turned to
the subject of poace In Europe, the
Get man Ambassador said that while
he had no advices from his government
since leaving Berlin, he recalled a con
versation with the Imperial Chancellor
there. In which the latter said he be
lieved the Emperor would be willing to
discuss ' measures of peace through
Ambassador Gives Coeseat
Previous to the Ambassador's con
versation with the Chancellor. Em
peror William had already acknowl
edged President Wilson's tender of
good offices, but had been non-coiunilt-tal
as to Its acceptance. Mr. 8traus Im
mediately asked the Germuii Asbes
sador for permission to repeat tbu con
versation to Secretary Bryan at Wash
ington. Count von Bernstorff gave his
Sunday, September 6. Mr. Straus ar
rived in Washington and went to the
home of Secretary Bryun, where they
secretly conferred. The Htcretary
communicated later with President Wil
son. It was decided to get the Uer
man Ambassador's consent to forward
a report of the Incident to Ambassador
Gerard for discussion with the German
foreign office. In the meantime, Mr.
Straus was advised to talk the situa
tion over with the British and'Krench
Ambassadors here. He saw each that
Monday, September 7. The German
Ambassador reached Washington and
(Concluded un Peas 2.)
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