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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1907)
Pages 1 to 12
VOL. XXVI XO. 16.'
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 21, 1907.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Bonaparte May Reclaim
Big Land Grant.
OVER 20,000,000 ACRES
Railroad Has Violated Terms
of Its Charter.
RULES LIKE FEUDAL BARON
Own Whole Towns and Warns Peo
ple Xot to Trespass on Streets.
Forbids Settlement on
CHEYENNE, Wyo.. April 18.-As one of
the results of the recent Investigations
by the Interstate Commerce Commission
Into Western land frauds. Attorney-General
Bonaparte has under consideration,
an attempt to torce the Union Pacific Rail
road to return to the Government all the
millions of acres which remain unsold
of the original land grant. Of the grant
of more than 20,000,000 acres, the road yet
holds an area equal to the states of Con
necticut, Rhode Island and Deleware. and
still have nearly 500,000 acres left over.
This Immense body of land In Nebraska,
Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming and Utah, If
returned to the Government, would Im
mediately be thrown open to settlement
under the homestead laws.
Immediately after the Interstate Com
merce Commission's Investigation of the
conditions which have made possible the
monopoly In coal land which the Union
Pacific has maintained for 25 years. Com
missioner Prouty called upon the at
torneys for the Commission to submit
recommendations for remedial legislation
or to suggest other means of dealing with
the monopoly. Those , recommendations
are now in the hands of the Attorney
General. "Destroy the land,mojiOBOljt -oChe
Union Pacific" Is the basis of this ' re
port. Provisions of Land Grant.
A paragraph of this report dealing with,
the question says:
"It seems that the conditions which at
tended the grant have all been evaded,
disregarded or vitiated by fraud, or have
lapsed by time." '
One of the charter provisions under
which the land was granted is the fol
lowing: "All such lands so. granted by this sec
tion which shall not be sold or disposed
of by said company within three years
after the entire road shall have been
completed, shall be subject to settlement
and preemption like other lands at a
price not exceeding J1.25 per acre to be
paid to the Government land of
fices and eventually to the Union
Pacific Railroad Company."
It Is 40 years since this land was
granted to the railroad and today nearly
6.000,000 acres of the grant is still In
the possession of that company.
When Carl Schurs was Secretary of the
Interior, an Investigation of this land
was held. Mr. Schurs construed this
clause to mean that the land not dis
posed of at the end of three years from
the time granted should return to the
Government and be sold as other publlo
lands, the proceeds to be handed over to
the Union Pacific. But the Union Pa
cific had placed a blanket mortgage on
all Its land and the United States
Supreme Court decided that, as long as
the mortgages were unpaid. Innocent pur
chasers would suffer and the land could
not be returned to the publlo domain.
Later, when the Union Pacific went into
the hands of a receiver, this mortgage
was paid off. If the court should hold
that the original charter was binding,
this land could be taken away from the
Union Pacific and the great monopoly
would be broken.
Union Pacific Owns Everything.
And the monopoly which the Union Pa
eiflo maintains In Southern Wyoming Is
Rooeerelt I will not accept another
the most complete In the world. There
are towns In Wyoming which belong to
the Union Pacific absolutely. Every
building, every store, every street, every
alley and practically every man is owned
outright by that railroad. Towns have
been formed but never incorporated.
Streets have never been deeded to -the
municipality, but remain the property of
the railroad. The houses have been
erected by the railroad and still remain
Its property. - Such a town is Joanna,
where are situated several of the larg
est coal mines in the state. Every street
and alley in the town bears the follow
"This is no thoroughfare. Private prop
erty of Union Pacific railroad."
Every house in the town belongs to the
railroad. The first thing a passenger sees
when he alights from the train Is a sign
telling him he Is on the private property
of the railroad. The hotel belongs to the
1 ' -ar f I
1 . I
Frank H. Hitchcock, Assistant Postmaster-General,
Who Is Organizing
Roosevelt Forces in the South.
railroad. So does the bank. So do the
streets, and the stores.
If a labor agitator appears among the
miners, he is promptly ordered to leave
town get off the company's grounds and.
If he refuses, he Is arrested by a Union
Pacific policeman, put on board a Union
Pacific train and sent out of the Union
Pacific's country. He can do . nothing.
He Is a trespasser on private property.
What Is true of Hanna is true of a dozen
towns. - On what appears to be the high
road from Rock Springs to Horse Thief
Canon, a distance of 22 miles, there ara 22
signs telling the public that the road is
the property of the Union Pacific and that
everybody must keep off except those
who have permits from the railroad.
Shut Off Government Land.
The railroad actually owns each alter-,
nate section for 20 miles on each aide of
its tracks. The Government owns the
Intervening sections. But to get from
one Government section to another. It Is
necessary to pass over the railroad land
and the railroad promptly arrests in
truders. But if a sheep man wants to
rent a certain amount of Union Pacific
land for his flocks, he is also charged
rent for the Government land between the
railroad sections and the railroad gets
the money therefor.'
Within sight of the Union Pacific main
line are thousands of acres of the best
coal land In the West. There Is a chronic
shortage of coal In Union Pacific terri
tory. But the Uiiion Pacific will not give
a coal operator permission to cross the
land between the coal and the railroad,
although In some cases the prospective
mines are within a hundred feet of the
tracks. As a result, the coal is not mined,
the territory lacks fuel, the railroad does
not get the long haul on thousands of
tons of coal every day but coal mined by
the Union Pacific Itself Is sold at enor
mous prices at holdup prices and the
road makes millions of dollars from Its
coal property, reserving all other coal
property In Southern Wyoming for the
time when its own mines will become ex
Offers to Give Back Part. . . ,,i
It has been recommended that this coal
land as well as the other land be returned
to the Government. In fact, the Union
Pacific has offered to return thousands of
acres of coal land if prosecutions for al
leged fraud in obtaining . the land are
withdrawn. This point Is also under con
sideration by the Commission and Attorney-General.
If Mr. Bonaparte succeeds in forcing the
railroad to return the approximately 6,000,
000 acres of the original land grant which
remains In the road's possession, it will
mean the breaking of the Union Paciflo
monopoly and the influx of thousands of
homesteaders as well as the opening of
enough mines to reduce the price of coal
all over the West It will be the hardest
blow ever struck at the greatest railroad
monopoly In the world.
term. "Under bo circumstances win I
date for a third term.'
From Happy Home.
MODEL CITIZEN NINE YEARS
Built Up Prosperous Business
by Industrious Effort.
WIFE IGNORANT OF CRIME
She and Little Daughter Bear of It
After Arrest Is Made, but Her
Faith In Her Husband
KANSAS CITY, Mo., April 20.-(Special.)
Twelve years ago the postofftce of a
small town in Oklahoma was robbed.
William January had been seen about the
place that same night. He was arrested,
charged with the crime and sentenced-to
nve. years In the Federal penitentiary at
Leavenworth, Kan. For three years Jan
uary was a model prisoner and his sen
tence was reduced for good behavior.
With only eight months more between
him and freedom, January was walking
In the grounds of the prison one night. He
saw a guard asleep. The temptation was
too great. Past the guard he ran. Then
there was a hard climb. . Finally he
droppped over the prison wall, a free
The next day Charles W. Anderson
made his appearance In this city. ' He
vrs looking for work. For several days
his werch was in vain. But finally he
foand a position In a restaurant. None
o' the employes was more zealous than
Anderson. For years he struggled on,
leading an upright life and saving a lit
tle money. Then seven years ago he met
the woman who was to be his wife. He
was only 29 years of age, the girl was
17. They were married a year later. In
a snugHCtIe home at 111? Holmes street,
they live, a devoted man and wife.' To
her his life had always been exemplary.
She knew of nothing wrong. Then the
baby came. '
Builds Cp Happy Home.
That was three 'years ago. As the little
girl grew up, Anderson worked all the
harder and saved more money. Finally
he got enough money to start a restau
rant of his own. The years passed, with
still the same happiness in the little
home. Business was good at the restau
rant. Yesterday afternoon he started down
town. He was walking on Southwest
boulevard, near Summit street, when
two men accosted him.
"January, we want you," they said.
The men were David Oldham and Alon
zo Ghent, city detectives.
"I will- go with you," he said, simply.
There was a knock on the door of
the matron's room about 8 o'clock last
night. A small, dark-eyed woman, lead
ing a light-haired girl, rushed into
"What is wrong?" she screamed, as
she looked at Anderson.
The man said not a word. He fell on
a couch in a faint. When he was re
vived he looked at bis wife for a mo
ment, then beckoned her to him. With
his arm around her, he told her all
about his crime, the escape, his effort
to do right, and his final capture. Then
he asked for forgiveness.
Wife's Trust Implicit.
In all the years of their married life
he had not said one word that would
lead his wife to suspect him. The lit
tle girl, Lucille, looked on in mild
surprise, as the mother and father
sobbed. There was no need to ask
for forgiveness. . The wife had given
it before he had finished his story.
Then she was sent to her home. She
was at police headquarters early this
When W. R. McClaughey, record
clerk at the Federal Penitentiary, who
ONE CAT THAT HAS NINE LIVES
be a eandl- "I said that I didnt want to have anything
to da with a third term.
had come for Anderson, took the man
from the matron's room, the wife was
waiting, too. When her husband came
out. pale from a sleepless night of wor
ry, she placed her arms about his neck.
"Be brave, Charles," she sobbed, "'and
remember there Is a wife and little
baby who will always believe in you.
We will wait and watch for that time
when you will be released. Then we
will be happy again."
The handcuffs were fastened on the
man's "wrists. There was a goodbye
kiss to the little wife and baby, a fare
well, and Anderson had started on his
way to prison.
ATTEMPT TO WRECK TRAIN
Charge Blade Against Discharged
Employe of Railway.
HARTFORD, conn., April 20. Edwin
Pettlngill, who was . discharged by the
New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail
road company yesterday, was arrested to
night In East Hartford on the charge of
attempting to wreck the Boston Express
by running it into an open switch in
the East Hartford yards.
The train was saved by the narrowest
of margins. A trackman noticed the
switch was set against the express.
Superintendent Pollock learned that
Pettlngill had been seen about the East
yards Just before the express was due.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, TO
dog. ; minimum, 44 deg.
TODAY'S Fair; easterly winds.
British Colonial Conference to be made per
manent. Page 15.
King Edward organizes alliance on Mediter
ranean. Page 15.
Leopold may offer to sell Congo to France.
Hitch in Central American negotiations;
fighting renewed. Page 3.
Gossip of European capltal. Page ST.
Government Is advised to forfeit entire
Union Pacific land grant. Page 1.
Portland to have pure food laboratory If It
supplies Quarters. Page 3.
Immigration Commission to tour Europe.
Roosevelt openly organizing forces to control
convention for progressive candidate.
Temple Graves proposes union of progres
sive Republicans and Democrats under
Roosevelt and Bryan. Page 1.
Ex-Secretary Olney criticises Roosevelt's pol
icy In Santo Domingo and Panama.
Omaha court holds kiss does' not satisfy
110 debt. Page 3.
Has kin on American genius. Page 3T.
Firs destroys large section of Manila.
Barrett, who robbed Portland rathskeller,
released from Maryland penitentiary and
rearrested for San Francisco crime.
Federal convict returned to prison after
nine years exemplary life. Page 1.
Captain Mooncy exposes system of graft
on San Francisco tenderloin. Page 2.
Ruef expelled from Native Sons. Page 2.
Calhoun provokes streetcar strike to em
barrass Heney. Page 3.
Jasper Jennings, convicted and sentenced to
hang for murder of father, will go free.
Third Jury venire called for In McManus
case. Page 11.
Senior Class at Belltngham Normal play
truants. Page 4.
Man who shot son-in-law given year In
prison and fined (5000. Page 4.
Stanford wins -track meet at Berkeley, 65
to CT; six intercollegiate records broken.
University of Oregon defeats Multnomah 12
to 6. Page . 10.
The City Baseball League has promise of
successful season. Page 43.
Northwestern athletes deplore Stanford's ac
tion in cancelling meet with Oregon.
Commercial and Marine.
Onion growers opposed to contracting. Page
Dallas mohair pool sells at 30 cents. Page
Chicago wheat pit excited by crop reports.
Stock speculation at New York lifeless.
Page 48. ,
New York bank statement shows further
Portland and Vicinity.
Federal grand Jury to Investigate Portland
wholesale grocers' trust. Page 15
Roland Wills run over by road scraper and
killed. Page 8.
Sellwood Republican Club listens to vari
ous candidates for city offices. Page 1.
South Portland Citizens' Club denounces
pass-grabbing Councilxnen. Page 8.
Portland building permits exceed those of
Seattle. Page 14.
Tunnel 6000 feet long Included In- plans for
extension of Falls City Railroad to the
Coast. Page 8.
Syndicate said to be planning to reopen old
Vancouver racetrack. Page 80.
"And I meant
OPENED HiS FIGHT
sive Force in Party.
NOMINATE TAFT OR HUGHES
Hitchcock and Cortelyou Out
to Secure Control.
'FIGHT IN OPEN" IS MOTTO
Aim Is to Secure Nomination of Man
Committed to Roosevelt Policy. ,
Cortelyou Will Organize
WASHINGTON, April 20.-(Special.)-Milltant
work to insure control of the
next Republican National Convention by
the Roosevelt forces has begun. "Fight
in the open" and "Get results" are the
watchwords of the administration. Presi
dent Roosevelt himself Is setting the ex
ample. Pending the return to Washington of
Secretary of War Taft. now set for Tues
day, the administration is taking steps
which ought to make it easy for the man
who seems destined to wear the mantle
of Mr. Roosevelt In the next national
campaign to declare himself. The move
ment for control of next year's Republi
can convention by the progressives is now
well started In every section of the coun
try. In showing a disposition to play the
most forcible kind of practical plans In
New York state and in getting a grip on
the Southern situation, Mr. Roosevelt and
his lieutenants are giving that encourage
ment to the supporters of Mr. Taft in
Ohio which means half the battle. Very
soon the same vigorous tactics will be in
augurated in the West and Northwest '
. Cortelyou to Organize West-
Assistant Postmaster-General Hitchcock
is now In the South on business connected
with his department, and incidentally he
is conferring with the political leaders
down there relative to the situation affect
lng the selection of delegates to the na
tional convention, and Secretary of the
Treasury Cortelyou, It was announced to
day. Is soon to start on a similar politico.
business trip into the West and North.
west. Mr. Cortelyou has for one object
the placing of himself In thorough touch
with the principal collection districts in
the states he is to visit, but he also will
meet the poltlcal managers in Important
sections, and his experience and acqualt
anee gained as chairman of the Republi
can National Committee In the last cam
paign will enable him to get a good line
on affairs for the future guidance of the
Taft Favorite, Hughes Second.
It would be unfair to say although it is
said in certain circles that these activi
ties of Influential members of the admin
istration are In the direct Interest of the
Taft movement. Mr. Taft Just happens to
be the man who looms up In popular es
teem as one suited by principle, by geo
graphical location and by ability and
known Integrity of purpose to meet the
requirements of the situation.
Some of the gossips aver that Mr.
Roosevelt is grooming Governor Hughes
for the Presidency in the event that Mr.
Taft should be sidetracked for any rea
son. The best inside opinion, however. Is
that the Taft movement is the real thing
and that, in dealing with the New York
situation strenuously, the principal idea,
aside from strengthening the hands of
Mr. Hughes for the work the latter has
immediately In hand. Is to make certain
the control of the party organization, so
that the Empire State's delegation to the
National convention will be for the right
kind of a candidate not a delegation that
would be ostensibly for Mr. Hughes for
President and then thrown to some anti-
Roosevelt man at the critical moment If
Mr. Taft continues the leading progres
Just what I said and all I
sive figure In the field, there is to be a
delegation that can be thrown to him if
any throwing is to be done.
May Drop' Brick on Penrose.
Further developments, of course, may
make Mr. Hughes something more than
a mere favorite, but at this time It seems
to observers in Washington that Mr. Taft
has the call. Under the leadership of Mr.
Roosevelt the progressive managers and
field marshals merely are seeing to it that
somebody who can be depended upon to
follow the policies already Inaugurated be
nominated as the candidate for President
and that there be no compromise on any
half-way-between kind of a person.
In this day tf succeeding sensations
there Is no telling where the hand of the
administration will show Itself next, but
the politicians are on the anxious seat
all around. The President has declared
that the "conspiracy" against him and
his ideas has a strong foothold In Penn-
George B. Cortelyou, Secretary of the
Treasury, Who Will Organise
Roosevelt Forces in the West.
sylvanla and it would not be surprising
if . something dropped thereabout before
long. The breezes from the Keystone
State bring rumors of plans to get after
Senator Penrose good and plenty. Mr.
Penrose, Justly or otherwise. Is charged
with being In with the reactionaries to
circumvent the nomination of a Roose
velt Presidential candidate next year.
South May Not Go by Default.
Until very recently there were indica
tions that the South would go by default
to some so-called reactionary candidate.
In the popular mind the Southern dele
gates to the Republican National conven
tions have been regarded as the prey of
the candidate who could cast a fly or
throw a net.. Months ago Vice-President
Fairbanks began a systematic campaign
to win the Southern delegates, and later.
with his stand on the Brownsville outrage
for bait, Senator Foraker Invaded the
same field. Those not well posted thought
It was a contest between Mr. Fairbanks
and Mr. Foraker in the Sunny South and
that they would have it out between
MICHIGAN FOR ROOSEVELT
State Committeemen State Prefer,
ence in Newspaper Canvass.
DETROIT, Mich., April 20. The Free
Press tomorrow will print statements
from 28 Republican and Democratic state
committeemen replying to inquiries re
garding Presidential nominees, the prob
able predominant Issues of the campaign
and the preferable city for holding the
Most of the replies favored Chicago for
both Democratic and Republican con
ventions and both Democrats and R
publicans agreed that the predominant
issue will be railroad and trust regula
tion and tariff revision.
As to candidates, most of the Repub
licans confined themselves to President
Roosevelt One committee man men
tions Secretary Taft as first choice, and
one mentions him as second choice after
Mr. Roosevelt. One committeeman said:
"Roosevelt or Hughes."
All Democratic committeemen named
Mr. Bryan as first choice, except Dr. L.
L. Treat, of Adrian, who said:
"Give us a Democrat, Folk, Bryan or
one of the Tillman kind."
Many Governors to Attend.
NEW YORK, April 20. Fifteen Gover
nors have accepted the invitation of the
National Civic Federation to name dele'
gates to attend the national conference
on combinations and trusts, . in Chicago,
May 28-31. The acceptances of Governor
Hughes of New York,' Cummins of Iowa,
Folk of Missouri, Warner of Michigan.
Davidson of Wisconsin and Cutler of
Utah were received today. This confer
ence will discuss: Governmental powers
over corporations engaged In Interstate
commerce; the division of power under
the constitution between the nation and
the state; power concurrent in nation and
state, and similar subjects.
"Now, don't let me see you again.'
frw" - - "
OF 10 LEADERS
Graves Would Join
Roosevelt and Bryan.
BOTH ENGAGE IN SAME BATTLE
Asks That One Nominate
Other for President.
POWER TO CHANGE PARTIES
Georgia Democrat Rejoices In
Loosening of Party Ties and Halls
Leaders as the Two Greatest
Men in the World Today.
CHICAGO, April 20. John Temple
Graves, of Atlanta, Ga., speaking to
night at the annual banquet of the
Iroquois Club, on "The Regeneration
of Parties." said:
"Party ties in general have never
held so lightly as today. North and
South, in Republican and Democratic
ranks, loyalty hangs by a hair. The
Republican party, formed upon the
Federalist . Idea and reborn and pros
pered upon the tides of abolition, has
progressed beyond the. Federalist the
ory to privilege, and beyond the anti
slavery agitations to graft.
"The Democratic party has been re
cruited so rapidly from, the ranks of
the mighty in trade that Its platforms
have truckled, and in the last cam
paign it nominated a candidate, whose
actual spoken commendation was
based upon the bald and infamous con- ,
fesslon, 'he was not offensive to the
What Practical Citizens Want.
"But times have changed; and men
have changed with the times. The
cheap newspapers, rural mall delivery,
have builded 'the clearest' and "most"
practical democracy in the world. The
practical citizen and he is nine-tenths
of the Republic wants good govern
ment without regard to names.
"What conservative Democrat save
Alton B. Parker, with his confreres,
has been strong enough to put Bryan
to Indignity and Hearst to shame?
What Republican strong enough to re
duce Mr. Roosevelt to the ranks of
the orthodox In privilege, and what
Republican save Roosevelt can coerce
the thronged magnates of the trusts
to a proper humility?
Two .Men Rise Above Party.
"From the stalwart ranks of either
party, from the opposite sides of the
Republic, from the rich and finished
East and from the virile and militant
West, there have risen two great men,
who, more than all others, are prevail
ing here to dethrone the partisan and
to split the patriot.
"Mr. Bryan . is great because in all
his life he has never feared or hesi
tated to champion his convictions
against his party, and to put them In
the balance against his personal In
terest. He is the first Democrat of the
. "Mr. Roosevelt has grown great be
cause he, too, has risen above the par
tisan. Born and prospered in the camps
of privilege, he came with a brave
heart and an open mind to Washing
ton. He followed with the orthodox
in the wake of his party and in the
path of his predecessors, but one day
William R. Hearst flung at his feet
an array of unanswerable statistics to
prove the iniquity of the trusts. The
challenge ran against a brave man's
shield, and Theodore Roosevelt was
never the same man again. He buckled
on his sword and went forth to war with
the merger of those Northern rail
roads under Hill and Harrlman. Ha
has never sheathed since then the blade
he bared in our Democratic battle
against corporation, greed and profit.
"There they are, these two great
(Concluded on Page-8.)
But the cat came back.