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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 14, 1907)
60 Pages fj
Pages 1 to 12
VOL. XXVI. 0. 15.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 14, 1907.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
They Pull All Ways On
BRYAN LEFT OUT IN THE COLD
Rayner Proposes Platform to
HARVEY SLAPS AT BRYAN
Hearts League Has Separate Ban
quet and Hears Jta Chief Deliver
Broadside at Cortelyou No
Speaker Spares Roosevelt.
NEW YORK. April 13. Democratic so
cieties and clubs In all parts of Greater
New York tonight celebrated Jefferson
Day. The Democratic Club held its an
nual banquet at the Waldorf-Astoria, the
Woman's Democratic Club of the city met
at the Hoffman House; the Independence
League had ad Its guests William R.
(Hearst and Attorney-General Jackson.
There was some discussion at the Demo
cratic Club dinner over the fact that Wil
liam J. Bryan was not present, nor had
he sent regrets, it Is aaid by several per
sona that the dinner committee had de
cided to invite Mr. Bryan, but had ap
pointed a subcommittee to attend to the
Invitations. This committee, it was said,
tiad not forwarded an Invitation. There
are two known parties in the club, one
favoring Mr. Bryan and the second op
Rayner for Pure Democracy.
The principal speaker at the Democratic
Clu-b's banquet was Senator Isidore Ray
ner of Maryland. He responded to the
toast, "What Should Be the Proper Pol
icy of the Democratic Party and What la
True Democracy r He said:
I do not accede to the view that the par
ties have coalesced. On the contrary, I
believe that they are as widely apart as they
have ever been. The President will not hava
a permanent tenure of office. One prediction
can be safely made, and that Is, when the
Republican party has another candidate
and It is bound to have one at some day or
another It will gradually drift away, from
a great many of his plana and purposes,
and It will resume business at its old stand.
Then It will be necessary for ne ronrn
back to our old principle, unleea lv tri
meantime we have so disfigured them that
we will not be able to recognize them or to
8tate Rights and Paternalism..
We are charged with advocating a doctrine
of state's right that would tend to nullify
the powers of the Federal Government. This
Im an erroneous and unjust view. What we
mean now by the rights of the'states Is that
the Federal Government shall not legislate
cn matters purely of local and domestio
concern and by unlawful construction Inter
polate such power Into the provisions of the
in the next place, we are opposed to Gov
ernmental paternalism. 1 predict with great
respect to others who may differ with mo
that the day will never come .when the
Government of the United States will own
and operate the railroads of the country.
We do not want to own them. We own
enough now. We had better sell some
things we have than enlarge ou- foldings.
I have studied the question of r .tn mental
ownership of railroads In c ,cV countries
carefully and my conclusion Is that it Is a
failure from a political or commercial
standpoint wherever It exists.
Hits Railroads and Roosevelt.
There, Is o:ie proposition, however, that
t he Democratic party must contend for in
this connection, and that Is, It must demand
a complete obedience to the existing stat
utes. The railroad presidents and officers
of our trunk lines must be made, once and
forever, to realise that they are the- serv
ants and not the masters of the people.
Governmental ownership will never come to
pass unless they force the Issue. They are
the real agitators and I kindly warn them
to further desist from pursuing the tricks
and mysteries that have now been laid bare
before the gase of the American people.
There Is another proposition that the Dem
ocrat lo party must maintain unless it has
drifted away entirely from its anohorage,
and that is that this is not an executive
Government, that the Governmental diatrl
butlon of powers provided for In the Consti
, .,................. ...is.......... .................................' .....
HARRY MURPHY'S IDEA OF THE GREAT HERMANN FAMILY PROCESSION OF GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS ON THEIR WAY TO PR AW PAY FROM THE U. S. TREASURY '
I liillf GRAND PR BROTHER-iN-LfW - . v !
i j ,f"SjfJ - s NEPHEW UNCLE - - ,on .
tution mix. t be preserved and that the Pres
ident of the United States, to whatever
party he may belong, must not exceed the
functions of his office and encroach upon
the remaining departments of the Govern
ment. Rayner Kind of Platform
Mr. Rayner then outlined his views on
a Democratic platform, saying:
I would make it brief and pertinent. 1
would give the country something a little
new in the way of a Democratic decalogue.
I would, of course, incorporate a plank for a
low tariff and for commercial reciprocity
with the trading nations of the world. I
would then add a plank declaring that there
is no such thing as an unwritten constitu
tion of the United States; that. If It re
quires change, it must be amended, not by
Secretary Root but by the suffrage of the
people, and that it is a treasonable act to
insert into it, whether by Judicial construc
tion or otherwise, any power or grant that
Is not confined within the well defined au
thority and limitations of the Instrument.
In obedience to the constitution I would
then unequivocally - declare for " the su
premacy of the states and not yield the
smallest portion of their sovereign rights. I
would then announce that the party is not
in favor of territorial expansion ; that our
arms should be stacked and a halt should
be called in our march of aggrandisement.
If the Democratic party will take a stand
for principles substantially like these, in my
humble judgment, and rid Itself of the de
lusion that It can attain success by sim
ply becoming an annex of the Republican
party, then I believe there Is a chance for
victory; and if we are defeated again, then
at least we will have the comfort' and the
consolation of knowing that we went down
fighting for a principle.
Slaps Both Roosevelt and Bryan,
George B. M. Harvey, in the course of
an address, said.
We are told that a President chosen by
the people is immune from criticism and
that he is a thing apart, not a mere execu
tive officer but a tribune enveloped in an
odor of sanctity which safeguarded the
days of old. It is a new idea. Criticism of
official conduct has been the prerogative
of the people. Kot so now. The heavy hand
of fear rests upon the land. The mighty
organisation known as the Republican party
has become a mere personal machine.
Mr. Harvey then denounced those Demo
crats "who eat the crumbs of patronage
from the hand that smote them and lick
the boot whose impact they have felt."
He referred also to the peerless leader,
who "hobbled like a cripple in the wake
of his successful rival, gathering as gifts
the few scraps that are left of his own
fallacies." He continued:
We of today are constantly, almost hour
ly, enjoined to be doers and builders. But,
pray, where are true examples to be found?
Who are the doers and builders the Hills
and the Morgans, who have opened the
great West to civilization and won for our
country the commercial supremacy of the
world, or the Roosevelts and the Bryans,
who from the beginning of their manhood
have divided their time between office-holding
and. office-seeking, and seem to -consider
their sole commission In life to be the
regulation of the affairs of others?
Primarily, we are informed with much
blare of trumpets that at last we have an
honest President. But did we ever have a
dishonest President? In a land where for
more than 100 years no blot has stained the
personal escutcheon of the chief magis
trate, is there so great a reason for boast
ing now f
But the end, we are told, justifies ' the
means any means, apparently. -. No matter
what you do, if your heart is true -a well
meaning man, Horatio. Excellent also were
the Intentions -end quick the resentment of
the restive cow in Chicago that kicked over
a lamp filled with the oil of those engaged
In predatory activities. Great was the fame
won by that cow,' so why ask what hap
pened to the city?
.. The speaker . ridiculed Democrats and
Republicans who denounce Mr. Roosevelt
In private but are too cowardly, he said,
to voice their opinions publicly.
Hearst on Postal Robbery,
The Independence League dinner drew
425 persons. John Temple Graves of At
lanta, Ga., was one of the guests. Mr.
Hears devoted most of his address to
the . Independence League. He said in
The motto of the Democratic party is
"Anything to get in.' The motto of the
Republican party Is "Anything to stay in."
Take the two principles now conspicuously
before the country, the principle of public
control of public utilities and the princlpla
of public ownership of public utilities. Both
are good, both are practicable, but both
are dependent on the honesty and efficiency
of the Administration that operates them.
It has been proved possible for corrupt or
Incompetent men so to mismanage the post
al service of this country as almost to dis
credit the system of public ownership. The
Postofflce Department has a deficit of $10,
000. 000, when it should produce a profit of
at least yUat amount.
Says Cortelyou Rewards Perkins.
I say this condition of the postofflce finan
ces is as much corruption as it is Incom
petency. The fraudulent weighing of the
malls Is thievery. The corrupt expenditure
of the people's money in political campaigns
Is robbery and the corrupt expenditure of
the people's money Is bribery. George W.
Perkins contributed money of widows and
orphans to Mr. Cortelyou, chairman of the
National Republican Committee. In 1906,
Mr. Cortelyou, as Postmaster-General, paid
back to Mr. Perkins the party debt with
public funds. He awarded Mr. Perkins a
contract for his steamship line, which pays
him $500,000 a year more than other steam
ship lines are paid for similar service.
4 So it seems that Mr. Roosevelt and Mr.
Harrlman are not the only practical men In
this practical administration. Mr. Cortelyou
and Mr. Perkins appear to be about as prac
tlcal as men can be and remain at large.
TOPPLE INTO SEA
Dynamite Ship Pound
ing on the Beach.
FEAR CARGO WILL BLOW UP
Barge Chinook at Mercy of
' Waves Off Coos Bay.
CREW OF SIX ARE RESCUED
Vessel Now Close to Rocks "So One
Permitted Near Danger Signals'
Displayed for Radius of
MARSHFIELD. Or., April 13. (Spe
cial.) With 4000 pounds of dynamite
aboard, t'ae foundered schooner-rigged
barge Cljlnook is at the mercy of the
waves outside Coos Bay and pounding
against the base of a 50-foot bluff,
with the explosives liable to go off
at any moment. Cape Arago lighthouse
is near by, and the explosion may pre
cipitate that structure into the sea.
The life-saving crew has placed dan
ger signals within a radius of two
The Chinook was wrecked Thurs
day, while being towed over Coos Bay
bar. The barge was brought up from
Ban Francisco last week by the ' tug
Wlaard. for Baodon, but as rthe bar
was breaking there the Wizard brought
the Chinook to Coos Bay and the tug
Columbia agreed to return with It in
order that the "Wizard might get back
to' San Francisco. . ; ' ,
Thursday morning the Columbia
towed the barge to Bandon, but as ttie
tug there did not ' oome" out the tug
returned to Coos Bay and it was then
the wreck occurred. Just as the Co
lumbia was preparing to make the bar
she shipped a heavy sea, which snapped
The waves then battered the Chinook
at. will and drove her toward the reefs
off Tunnels point.- In answer to dis
tress whistles the Coos Bay life-saving
crew came - to the rescue of the
six men comprising, the crew of the
Chinook, and after several hours' work
in which.' the life-boat three different
times was engulfed by the waves, 'the
entire crew was saved.
Friday night the rough ea prevented
work and Saturday morning the barge
was found to have been driven into a
narrow cove under a 53-foot bluff,
where it is impossible to reach it for
the rocks. The explosion is expected
at any moment, and no one la allowed
near the pot.
, The point of land on which Is the
Cape Arago lighthouse has been un
dermined by the action of the waves
and the Government recently made ar
rangements to have the faulty founda
tion repaired. The lighthouse is now
several inches off line and has also
sunk a trifle. .
YOUTH TRIES TO KILL TWO
Shoots Down His Uncle and Beats
Aunt Into Insensibility.
BAEDWELL, Ky., April 13. Edward
Stockton, 17 years old, son of Gilford
Stockton, a farmer, yesterday shot and
fatally wounded his uncle James Stock
ton, beat his uncle's wife Into insensibil
ity with the butt-end of the gun, satu
rated her clothing with coal oil and at
tempted to set her afire. Both are in a
Stockton was arrested. There . is in
tense excitement and violence to the
prisoner is threatened. It is believed by
some, that the youth Is demented.
Utah Miners on Strike.
PARK .CITY, Utah, April IS. Two
hundred and fifty men at the Daly
West mines refused to go to work to
day, and it is said that the men at the
Silver- King Will follow suit Monday.
The. men quit after a dispute Involv
ing 15 minutes starting and quitting
time. The company wanted the men to
be at their places of work underground
exactly at the start of the eight-hour
working day. This would compel them
to. report for duty at the mouth of the
shaft at 6:05 every morning and stay
until 3:15 P. M. The men wanted to
enter and leave the shaft on the com
pany's time. Ninety men at the On
tario mine walked out for the same
reason a few days ago.
TWO MEN BLOWN TO PIECES
Blast of Powder "Hung Fire";
Victims Were Investigating.
GREAT FALLS, Mont.. April 12. Two
men were Instantly killed and two others
injured in an explosion which occurred
at Arming-ton today in a cut on the Bill
ings & Northern Construction.
The men were at work blasting rock
and one of the charges hung fire. A. F.
Usee 'one of . the contractors, and Pat
Frits, a foreman and two others went in
to ascertain the trouble. The blast ex
ploded while the men were in. Fritz and
a laborer were blown to pieces, while
Llzee and another laborer were badly in
jured and may die.
No New Trial of Rebate Case.
MINNEAPOLIS. April 13. Judge
Page Morris, of the Federal Court, to
day denied the motion of Judge Wilson
for a new trial In the rebate case
against the Omaha road and H. M.
Paris, now freight traffic manager.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TESTER OATS Maximum temperature. 56
degree; minimum, 47
TODAY'S Fair and -warmer; westerly
Pope makes important concession to foreign
Catholics In America and to Catholic
members of secret societies. Page 3.
Russian Conservatives split from reactionary
assassins. Paso 14.
Peace conference arranged between Nica
ragua and Salvador. Page 14.
Gossip of European capitals. Page 85.
Secretary Garfield explodes charges of graft
against Reclamation Service In ' Idaho.
Government seeks way to prevent Japanese
from sneaking. Page 2.
New York Democrats celebrate Jefferson
day, but don't invite Bryan. Page 1.
Rayner suggests Democratic platform, Har
vey denounces both Roosevelt and Bryan,
Hearst attacks Cortelyou. Page 1.
Bryan speaks at University of Virginia.
Counsel for Harry Thaw decides to ask for
relea. on ball. Pas 14.. '
Howard Nesblt writes to Thaw regretting
' attack on h1m. Page 14.
Haslcin oa progress ot woman. Page t. r '
Standard Oil Company convicted of recelv-
- ing rebates In 1400 cases. Page 1. ;
Gary says West must become Independent
of Wall Street. Pace 1.
rjaughters of Revolution lose money In Wall
- Street.; Page 3. .
Wholesale arrests of rich .lottery men In
Bouth. Pase S. - .
Railway . men meet . with Washington Com-
mission at Olympla. Page 4.
Barge Chinook, loaded with dynamite,
pounding to-pieces close-by Cape Arago
lighthouse. Page 1. .
Charivari party levies tribute on wedding
party, then .breaks faith' and hurts rocks
at bride. Page 5.
San Francisco grand jury votes no true bill
against news editor of Examiner. Page 3.
Police Captain Mooney will explain to grand
Jury how San Francisco rich men pro-,
tect tenderloin dives. Page 2.
University of Oregon wins Columbia track
meet, with O. A. c. second. Page 10.
Seals take Beavers into camp by score of
. 3 to 1. Page 40. .
Commercial and Marine.
Opening canned salmon prices will be higher
than last year's. Page 43.
Bank statement unsettles stock market.
Frost damage reports cause - advance tn
wheat. . Page 43.
Heavy grain and lumber shipments from
Portland. ' Page 81.
Portland and Vicinity. v
Southern Pacific land monopoly In Oregon
will be attacked in court and in Con
gress. Page 9.
Republican city platform agreed on at
meeting of - precinct .. committeemen.
Rainier man who eloped with 16-year-old
- girl forced to wed her elder sister.
- Page 80..
Pacific Telephone A Telegraph Company
spending 81.COO.000 in Improvements in
Portland. Page 30.
Railroad traffic men gather for Spokane rate
- case hearing. Page 11. .
8. P. Veatch, head of Oregon Railway Con
ductors, tells' about Chicago conference.
In which he participated. Page 8.
OIL TOOK REBATES
Jury Convicts on 'All
GOVERNMENT'S GREAT VICTORY
Fines of $1,400,000 to $28,
000,000 May Result.
IMMUNITY BATH REFUSED
Great Monopoly Raises One Techni
cal Point After Another, but All
Are Swept Away Rumored
Attempt to Fix the Jury.
CHICAGO, April 13. (Special.) On
the basis of a verdict returned by a
Jury tonight in the Federal Court pre
sided over by Judge Kenesaw M.
Landls, the Standard OH Company may
be fined anywhere from 11,400,000 to
828.000,000 for violations of the Elklns
After a trial that has been long
drawn out and bitterly contested by
Government attorneys and counsel lor
the. Standard Oil Company, the case
went to the Jury late this afternoon
and at 10 o'clock tonight a verdict was
returned In which the defendant cor
poration is found guilty on every one
of the 1463 counts in the Indictment
that had not been Quashed by Judge
Landls. . -v.
Great Victory for Government.
- As the matter now stands, it is one
of the most sweeping victories yet'
scored by the Federal Government in
its contest against corporations. This
Is not the end, however. The defend
ants filed a motion for a new trial and
the arguments on this motion will be
heard probably early next week.
The charges in the indictment were that
the Standard Oil Company accepted a
lower rate for shipments of oil from
Whiting, Ind., to East St Louis than is
allowed in the published tariff for the
Can't Get Immunity Bath.
Originally 'there were over 1800 counts
In the Indictment, but nearly 400 of. these
were ruled out by Judge Landis, and
hearing of the case . proceeded on the
Counsel for the defense made every ef
fort to have the whole indictment quashed
on the ground that it was faulty. John
S. Miller of "immunity bath" fame made
an elaborate argument along this line,
but was overruled by the court. It also
was attempted to be shown that the de
fendant corporation could not foe held
guilty of violation of the law because It
had not been proved that the Standard
Oil Company knowingly and willfully ac
cepted lower than the established rate
and that it was not incumbent upon the
defendant to go further than the office
of the railroad involved in order to learn
what the rate was.
Last Resort of Standard.
As a final resort, it was sought to
compel the Government to choose some
single count on which to hang its case,
the theory being advanced that in any
event there was but a single violation
of the law, if any at all; in other
words, if there was an offense, it was
of a continuous character.
It was urged that the corporation
was ignorant of the lawful rate for
the two years during which it shipped
oil from Whiting to St. Louis at one-
third the' lawful rate. By means of
this rate, which had all the effect of
a rebate, the Standard Oil Company Is
charged with having collected about
3260,000 from the Chicago & Alton
As the case went to the Jury there
were rumors of an attempt to tamper
with the Jurors, but these were not
taken seriously, although Government
detectives, as they had done through
out the case, kept close watch of all
suspicious movements around the Fed
. The indictments charged that in the
shipment of 1903 cars of oil over the Chi
cago Terminal Transfer and the Chicago
& Alton railroads from Whiting, Ind., to
East St. Louis, 111., by way of Chappell,
1U., the oil company accepted a rate of
6 cents for 100 pounds ' when the pub
lished rate was 18 cents.
The Jury was out less than three hours
and reached the verdict on the first ballot.
FROST NIPS FRUIT CROP
Greatly Damaged in Southwest, De
stroyed in Some Sections.
ST. LOUIS, Mo., April IS. Nurserymen
and fruit-raisers in the vicinity of St.
Louis express the opinion that the apple
crop in this section has been ruined by
the cold weather. Dispatches from the
fruit belt in the southern part of Missouri
say peaches, early strawberries and gar
den truck have been destroyed by the
freeze. Despatches rrom Macon, the cen
ter of the fruit-raising industry of North
Central Missouri, state that the crops of
peaches, plums .cherries and apples prac
tically are destroyed.
Kansas Frnit Crop Damaged.
TOPBKA, Kan..' April 13. Reoorts re
ceived from all sections of the state indi
cate that the Kansas fruit crop was seri
ously damaged and in some sections com
pletely destroyed by the heavy frost this
LUNATIC SCATTERS MONEY
Supposed orficer of TJ. S. Marines
on Rampage In Cuba.
SANTO DOMINGO, Cuba. April 13.
An American claiming to be Ely Dorsey,
a Captain of United States Marines, and
apparently Insane, has been freely dis
tributing currency in 310 and 320 bills
here. The Chief of Police searched tha
man today and took from him several
hundred dollars. Later Dorsey was no
ticed handing a $20 bill through a win
dow in payment for a glass of wine, and
on being searched for the second time
nearly 34000 in United States bills was
found in his underclothing. Dorsey, who
apparently is about 65 years of age, says
he is a native of New York, City.
There is no officer of marines named
Dorsey, and no such name in the New.
York City directory.
DROWNED IN RAGING FLOOD
Several Met Death in Torrent of
GREAT FALLS, Mont, April 13 Milk
River, a tributary of the Missouri- in the
eastern part of the state, is a raging
torrent Already two fatalities have
been reported, there being John Peter
son and his son, Max Peterson, both well
known ranchers of Valley County, who
were drowned while trying to reach
safety in a wagon. The body of the
latter has been recovered. .
It Is known that others have met death,
but no particulars are obtainable at this
time. Glasgow, county seat of Valley
County, is partly submerged and many
families have beea forced to leave their
homes. Railroad traffic on the Great
Northern and branches is being seriously
NEARLY FROZEN IN BERTH
Pendleton Woman Sues Pullman
Company for Injury to Health.
DENVER, Colo., April 13.-(SpeciaI.)-Sonre
say there Is no potency In the num
ber 13, but Mrs. Elizabeth A. Latham,
who' occupied lower 13 in a Pullman car
during a trip from Pendleton to Denver
last November, says in a complaint filed
In the District Court that she was nearly
frozen to death. She charges that the
car was not properly heated and, when
the train was enveloped In a blizzard, she
She is suing the Pullman Company for
3500, alleging that she has been perma
nently injured by the exposure.
CLOSE DEPOT WHOLE YEAR
Drayman at Church Ferry, N. D.,
Used Station for Beer Storage.
CHURCH FERRY. N. D., April 13.
Judge Cowan, of Devil's Lake, directs
that the station of the Great Northern
Railroad here be closed for a year be
cause a drayman used It for storing
beer,, thus violating the state prohibi
tory law. The drayman was fined $250
and sentenced to 90 days in Jail. The
costs were taxed against the Great
West Will Soon Domi
nate Wall Street.
HEAD OF STEEL TRUST SPEAKS
Divorce From Speculators
Best Thing for West.
SEES PROSPERITY AHEAD
Gary Says Panic Had Little Effect.
Few. Steel Contracts Cancelled.
Railroad Agitation Will . Do
the Country Much Good, y
CHICAGO, April 13. (Special.)
"The West is bigger than Wall street
and the rest of financial New fork,"
was the statement made today by R. H.
Gary, chairman of the board of di
rectors of the steel trust, who is in
Chicago today. This la what he aays:
"The West must out loose from Wall
Street. It la gottlng too big for Wall
street domination. In a short time this
Western country will be wholly inde
pendent of New York as a financial
"I am a Western man," ha continued,
"and the West has a deep Interest for .
me. I note with gratification its won-
derful business and Industrial develop-'.
meht of recent years. I believe that
in a few years conditions will be re
versed and that the West will dominate
Wall . street Instead of Wall street
dominating the, West."
Cannot Check Prosperity.
Mr. Gary preached the gospel of
financial- optimism. He pooh-poohed
the "calamity howlers" and phophets
who have been uttering dismal pre
dictions of late.
"Wall street gamblers by their flur
ries and panics, cannot check the great
tide of the country's business prosper
ity," he declared. 'There is a corterle
of financiers in Wall street which con
trols wonderful financial resources,
but the business interests of the coun
try are becoming Independent of Wall
street. ' It will be the best thing that
ever happened for the country when
the business interests entirely divorce
Wall street, with its feverish specula
tion and frenzied-finance.
Sail Through Culm Seas.
"I have heard with surprise recent
predictions of leading financiers that
the country was plunging Into an era
of hard times. I can see no reason
for such pessimism. These prophecies
will prove fallacies. Despite the re
cent Wall street panic, which had
much less effect upon general business
than many imagine, I feel confident
the country Is entering upon a period
of great prosperity. The reoent finan
cial flurry can scarcely be dignified
by the name of storm. It was just a
squall and the Nation passed through
It practically undisturbed and will sail
on through calm seas in the future."
BUSINESS CONDITION'S GOOD
Gary Says Railroads Must Buy.
Corporation Duty to Public.
New. York World.
"What Is your opinion of business
conditions and their prospect?" was
asked. Judge Gary's answer follows:
"From the standpoint of the iron and
steel industry, business conditions are
good. For the month of March orders
received by our companies were about
8000 tons a day in excess of March,
1906, notwithstanding we have on the
boolB unfilled orders which will fully
employ on the average our full ca
pacity, for about nine months.
."As to the future one can guess as
(Concluded on Page 3.)