Pages 1 to 12 VOL. XXVI XO. 16.' PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 21, 1907. PRICE FIVE CENTS. BREAK MONOPOLY OF Bonaparte May Reclaim Big Land Grant. OVER 20,000,000 ACRES Railroad Has Violated Terms of Its Charter. RULES LIKE FEUDAL BARON Own Whole Towns and Warns Peo ple Xot to Trespass on Streets. Forbids Settlement on Public Domain. CHEYENNE, Wyo.. April 18.-As one of the results of the recent Investigations by the Interstate Commerce Commission Into Western land frauds. Attorney-General Bonaparte has under consideration, an attempt to torce the Union Pacific Rail road to return to the Government all the millions of acres which remain unsold of the original land grant. Of the grant of more than 20,000,000 acres, the road yet holds an area equal to the states of Con necticut, Rhode Island and Deleware. and still have nearly 500,000 acres left over. This Immense body of land In Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming and Utah, If returned to the Government, would Im mediately be thrown open to settlement under the homestead laws. Immediately after the Interstate Com merce Commission's Investigation of the conditions which have made possible the monopoly In coal land which the Union Pacific has maintained for 25 years. Com missioner Prouty called upon the at torneys for the Commission to submit recommendations for remedial legislation or to suggest other means of dealing with the monopoly. Those , recommendations are now in the hands of the Attorney General. "Destroy the land,mojiOBOljt -oChe Union Pacific" Is the basis of this ' re port. Provisions of Land Grant. A paragraph of this report dealing with, the question says: "It seems that the conditions which at tended the grant have all been evaded, disregarded or vitiated by fraud, or have lapsed by time." ' One of the charter provisions under which the land was granted is the fol lowing: "All such lands so. granted by this sec tion which shall not be sold or disposed of by said company within three years after the entire road shall have been completed, shall be subject to settlement and preemption like other lands at a price not exceeding J1.25 per acre to be paid to the Government land of fices and eventually to the Union Pacific Railroad Company." It Is 40 years since this land was granted to the railroad and today nearly 6.000,000 acres of the grant is still In the possession of that company. When Carl Schurs was Secretary of the Interior, an Investigation of this land was held. Mr. Schurs construed this clause to mean that the land not dis posed of at the end of three years from the time granted should return to the Government and be sold as other publlo lands, the proceeds to be handed over to the Union Pacific. But the Union Pa cific had placed a blanket mortgage on all Its land and the United States Supreme Court decided that, as long as the mortgages were unpaid. Innocent pur chasers would suffer and the land could not be returned to the publlo domain. Later, when the Union Pacific went into the hands of a receiver, this mortgage was paid off. If the court should hold that the original charter was binding, this land could be taken away from the Union Pacific and the great monopoly would be broken. Union Pacific Owns Everything. And the monopoly which the Union Pa eiflo maintains In Southern Wyoming Is Rooeerelt I will not accept another UN ON PAC1F G the most complete In the world. There are towns In Wyoming which belong to the Union Pacific absolutely. Every building, every store, every street, every alley and practically every man is owned outright by that railroad. Towns have been formed but never incorporated. Streets have never been deeded to -the municipality, but remain the property of the railroad. The houses have been erected by the railroad and still remain Its property. - Such a town is Joanna, where are situated several of the larg est coal mines in the state. Every street and alley in the town bears the follow ing notice: "This is no thoroughfare. Private prop erty of Union Pacific railroad." Every house in the town belongs to the railroad. The first thing a passenger sees when he alights from the train Is a sign telling him he Is on the private property of the railroad. The hotel belongs to the 1 ' -ar f I 1 . I v T.'A 4f A Frank H. Hitchcock, Assistant Postmaster-General, Who Is Organizing Roosevelt Forces in the South. railroad. So does the bank. So do the streets, and the stores. If a labor agitator appears among the miners, he is promptly ordered to leave town get off the company's grounds and. If he refuses, he Is arrested by a Union Pacific policeman, put on board a Union Pacific train and sent out of the Union Pacific's country. He can do . nothing. He Is a trespasser on private property. What Is true of Hanna is true of a dozen towns. - On what appears to be the high road from Rock Springs to Horse Thief Canon, a distance of 22 miles, there ara 22 signs telling the public that the road is the property of the Union Pacific and that everybody must keep off except those who have permits from the railroad. Shut Off Government Land. The railroad actually owns each alter-, nate section for 20 miles on each aide of its tracks. The Government owns the Intervening sections. But to get from one Government section to another. It Is necessary to pass over the railroad land and the railroad promptly arrests in truders. But if a sheep man wants to rent a certain amount of Union Pacific land for his flocks, he is also charged rent for the Government land between the railroad sections and the railroad gets the money therefor.' Within sight of the Union Pacific main line are thousands of acres of the best coal land In the West. There Is a chronic shortage of coal In Union Pacific terri tory. But the Uiiion Pacific will not give a coal operator permission to cross the land between the coal and the railroad, although In some cases the prospective mines are within a hundred feet of the tracks. As a result, the coal is not mined, the territory lacks fuel, the railroad does not get the long haul on thousands of tons of coal every day but coal mined by the Union Pacific Itself Is sold at enor mous prices at holdup prices and the road makes millions of dollars from Its coal property, reserving all other coal property In Southern Wyoming for the time when its own mines will become ex hausted. ..'''. Offers to Give Back Part. . . ,,i It has been recommended that this coal land as well as the other land be returned to the Government. In fact, the Union Pacific has offered to return thousands of acres of coal land if prosecutions for al leged fraud in obtaining . the land are withdrawn. This point Is also under con sideration by the Commission and Attorney-General. . If Mr. Bonaparte succeeds in forcing the railroad to return the approximately 6,000, 000 acres of the original land grant which remains In the road's possession, it will mean the breaking of the Union Paciflo monopoly and the influx of thousands of homesteaders as well as the opening of enough mines to reduce the price of coal all over the West It will be the hardest blow ever struck at the greatest railroad monopoly In the world. term. "Under bo circumstances win I date for a third term.' TO THE PENITENTIARY Escaped ConvictDriven From Happy Home. MODEL CITIZEN NINE YEARS Built Up Prosperous Business by Industrious Effort. WIFE IGNORANT OF CRIME She and Little Daughter Bear of It After Arrest Is Made, but Her Faith In Her Husband Remains Unbroken. KANSAS CITY, Mo., April 20.-(Special.) Twelve years ago the postofftce of a small town in Oklahoma was robbed. William January had been seen about the place that same night. He was arrested, charged with the crime and sentenced-to nve. years In the Federal penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kan. For three years Jan uary was a model prisoner and his sen tence was reduced for good behavior. With only eight months more between him and freedom, January was walking In the grounds of the prison one night. He saw a guard asleep. The temptation was too great. Past the guard he ran. Then there was a hard climb. . Finally he droppped over the prison wall, a free man. The next day Charles W. Anderson made his appearance In this city. ' He vrs looking for work. For several days his werch was in vain. But finally he foand a position In a restaurant. None o' the employes was more zealous than Anderson. For years he struggled on, leading an upright life and saving a lit tle money. Then seven years ago he met the woman who was to be his wife. He was only 29 years of age, the girl was 17. They were married a year later. In a snugHCtIe home at 111? Holmes street, they live, a devoted man and wife.' To her his life had always been exemplary. She knew of nothing wrong. Then the baby came. ' Builds Cp Happy Home. That was three 'years ago. As the little girl grew up, Anderson worked all the harder and saved more money. Finally he got enough money to start a restau rant of his own. The years passed, with still the same happiness in the little home. Business was good at the restau rant. Yesterday afternoon he started down town. He was walking on Southwest boulevard, near Summit street, when two men accosted him. "January, we want you," they said. The men were David Oldham and Alon zo Ghent, city detectives. "I will- go with you," he said, simply. There was a knock on the door of the matron's room about 8 o'clock last night. A small, dark-eyed woman, lead ing a light-haired girl, rushed into the room. "What is wrong?" she screamed, as she looked at Anderson. The man said not a word. He fell on a couch in a faint. When he was re vived he looked at bis wife for a mo ment, then beckoned her to him. With his arm around her, he told her all about his crime, the escape, his effort to do right, and his final capture. Then he asked for forgiveness. Wife's Trust Implicit. In all the years of their married life he had not said one word that would lead his wife to suspect him. The lit tle girl, Lucille, looked on in mild surprise, as the mother and father sobbed. There was no need to ask for forgiveness. . The wife had given it before he had finished his story. Then she was sent to her home. She was at police headquarters early this morning. When W. R. McClaughey, record clerk at the Federal Penitentiary, who MUST RETURN ONE CAT THAT HAS NINE LIVES be a eandl- "I said that I didnt want to have anything to da with a third term. had come for Anderson, took the man from the matron's room, the wife was waiting, too. When her husband came out. pale from a sleepless night of wor ry, she placed her arms about his neck. They kissed. "Be brave, Charles," she sobbed, "'and remember there Is a wife and little baby who will always believe in you. We will wait and watch for that time when you will be released. Then we will be happy again." The handcuffs were fastened on the man's "wrists. There was a goodbye kiss to the little wife and baby, a fare well, and Anderson had started on his way to prison. ATTEMPT TO WRECK TRAIN Charge Blade Against Discharged Employe of Railway. HARTFORD, conn., April 20. Edwin Pettlngill, who was . discharged by the New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail road company yesterday, was arrested to night In East Hartford on the charge of attempting to wreck the Boston Express by running it into an open switch in the East Hartford yards. The train was saved by the narrowest of margins. A trackman noticed the switch was set against the express. Superintendent Pollock learned that Pettlngill had been seen about the East yards Just before the express was due. CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER The Weather. YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, TO dog. ; minimum, 44 deg. TODAY'S Fair; easterly winds. Foreign. British Colonial Conference to be made per manent. Page 15. King Edward organizes alliance on Mediter ranean. Page 15. Leopold may offer to sell Congo to France. Page 15. Hitch in Central American negotiations; fighting renewed. Page 3. Gossip of European capltal. Page ST. National. Government Is advised to forfeit entire Union Pacific land grant. Page 1. Portland to have pure food laboratory If It supplies Quarters. Page 3. Immigration Commission to tour Europe. Page 2. Politics. Roosevelt openly organizing forces to control convention for progressive candidate. Page 1. Temple Graves proposes union of progres sive Republicans and Democrats under Roosevelt and Bryan. Page 1. Ex-Secretary Olney criticises Roosevelt's pol icy In Santo Domingo and Panama. Page 12. . Domestic. Omaha court holds kiss does' not satisfy 110 debt. Page 3. Has kin on American genius. Page 3T. Firs destroys large section of Manila. Page 82. Barrett, who robbed Portland rathskeller, released from Maryland penitentiary and rearrested for San Francisco crime. Page 2. Federal convict returned to prison after nine years exemplary life. Page 1. I'aclnc Coast. Captain Mooncy exposes system of graft on San Francisco tenderloin. Page 2. Ruef expelled from Native Sons. Page 2. Calhoun provokes streetcar strike to em barrass Heney. Page 3. Jasper Jennings, convicted and sentenced to hang for murder of father, will go free. Page 11. Third Jury venire called for In McManus case. Page 11. Senior Class at Belltngham Normal play truants. Page 4. Man who shot son-in-law given year In prison and fined (5000. Page 4. Sports. Stanford wins -track meet at Berkeley, 65 to CT; six intercollegiate records broken. Page 15. University of Oregon defeats Multnomah 12 to 6. Page . 10. The City Baseball League has promise of successful season. Page 43. Northwestern athletes deplore Stanford's ac tion in cancelling meet with Oregon. Page 43. Commercial and Marine. Onion growers opposed to contracting. Page 46. Dallas mohair pool sells at 30 cents. Page 48. . Chicago wheat pit excited by crop reports. Page 48. Stock speculation at New York lifeless. Page 48. , New York bank statement shows further loan expansion. Portland and Vicinity. Federal grand Jury to Investigate Portland wholesale grocers' trust. Page 15 Roland Wills run over by road scraper and killed. Page 8. Sellwood Republican Club listens to vari ous candidates for city offices. Page 1. South Portland Citizens' Club denounces pass-grabbing Councilxnen. Page 8. Portland building permits exceed those of Seattle. Page 14. Tunnel 6000 feet long Included In- plans for extension of Falls City Railroad to the Coast. Page 8. Syndicate said to be planning to reopen old Vancouver racetrack. Page 80. "And I meant I OPENED HiS FIGHT Organizing Progres sive Force in Party. NOMINATE TAFT OR HUGHES Hitchcock and Cortelyou Out to Secure Control. 'FIGHT IN OPEN" IS MOTTO Aim Is to Secure Nomination of Man Committed to Roosevelt Policy. , Cortelyou Will Organize the West. WASHINGTON, April 20.-(Special.)-Milltant work to insure control of the next Republican National Convention by the Roosevelt forces has begun. "Fight in the open" and "Get results" are the watchwords of the administration. Presi dent Roosevelt himself Is setting the ex ample. Pending the return to Washington of Secretary of War Taft. now set for Tues day, the administration is taking steps which ought to make it easy for the man who seems destined to wear the mantle of Mr. Roosevelt In the next national campaign to declare himself. The move ment for control of next year's Republi can convention by the progressives is now well started In every section of the coun try. In showing a disposition to play the most forcible kind of practical plans In New York state and in getting a grip on the Southern situation, Mr. Roosevelt and his lieutenants are giving that encourage ment to the supporters of Mr. Taft in Ohio which means half the battle. Very soon the same vigorous tactics will be in augurated in the West and Northwest ' . Cortelyou to Organize West- Assistant Postmaster-General Hitchcock is now In the South on business connected with his department, and incidentally he is conferring with the political leaders down there relative to the situation affect lng the selection of delegates to the na tional convention, and Secretary of the Treasury Cortelyou, It was announced to day. Is soon to start on a similar politico. business trip into the West and North. west. Mr. Cortelyou has for one object the placing of himself In thorough touch with the principal collection districts in the states he is to visit, but he also will meet the poltlcal managers in Important sections, and his experience and acqualt anee gained as chairman of the Republi can National Committee In the last cam paign will enable him to get a good line on affairs for the future guidance of the progressive leaders. Taft Favorite, Hughes Second. It would be unfair to say although it is said in certain circles that these activi ties of Influential members of the admin istration are In the direct Interest of the Taft movement. Mr. Taft Just happens to be the man who looms up In popular es teem as one suited by principle, by geo graphical location and by ability and known Integrity of purpose to meet the requirements of the situation. Some of the gossips aver that Mr. Roosevelt is grooming Governor Hughes for the Presidency in the event that Mr. Taft should be sidetracked for any rea son. The best inside opinion, however. Is that the Taft movement is the real thing and that, in dealing with the New York situation strenuously, the principal idea, aside from strengthening the hands of Mr. Hughes for the work the latter has immediately In hand. Is to make certain the control of the party organization, so that the Empire State's delegation to the National convention will be for the right kind of a candidate not a delegation that would be ostensibly for Mr. Hughes for President and then thrown to some anti- Roosevelt man at the critical moment If Mr. Taft continues the leading progres OR MORE Just what I said and all I RDDSEVEL sive figure In the field, there is to be a delegation that can be thrown to him if any throwing is to be done. May Drop' Brick on Penrose. Further developments, of course, may make Mr. Hughes something more than a mere favorite, but at this time It seems to observers in Washington that Mr. Taft has the call. Under the leadership of Mr. Roosevelt the progressive managers and field marshals merely are seeing to it that somebody who can be depended upon to follow the policies already Inaugurated be nominated as the candidate for President and that there be no compromise on any half-way-between kind of a person. In this day tf succeeding sensations there Is no telling where the hand of the administration will show Itself next, but the politicians are on the anxious seat all around. The President has declared that the "conspiracy" against him and his ideas has a strong foothold In Penn- George B. Cortelyou, Secretary of the Treasury, Who Will Organise Roosevelt Forces in the West. sylvanla and it would not be surprising if . something dropped thereabout before long. The breezes from the Keystone State bring rumors of plans to get after Senator Penrose good and plenty. Mr. Penrose, Justly or otherwise. Is charged with being In with the reactionaries to circumvent the nomination of a Roose velt Presidential candidate next year. South May Not Go by Default. Until very recently there were indica tions that the South would go by default to some so-called reactionary candidate. In the popular mind the Southern dele gates to the Republican National conven tions have been regarded as the prey of the candidate who could cast a fly or throw a net.. Months ago Vice-President Fairbanks began a systematic campaign to win the Southern delegates, and later. with his stand on the Brownsville outrage for bait, Senator Foraker Invaded the same field. Those not well posted thought It was a contest between Mr. Fairbanks and Mr. Foraker in the Sunny South and that they would have it out between themselves. MICHIGAN FOR ROOSEVELT State Committeemen State Prefer, ence in Newspaper Canvass. DETROIT, Mich., April 20. The Free Press tomorrow will print statements from 28 Republican and Democratic state committeemen replying to inquiries re garding Presidential nominees, the prob able predominant Issues of the campaign and the preferable city for holding the rvaiionai convention. Most of the replies favored Chicago for both Democratic and Republican con ventions and both Democrats and R publicans agreed that the predominant issue will be railroad and trust regula tion and tariff revision. As to candidates, most of the Repub licans confined themselves to President Roosevelt One committee man men tions Secretary Taft as first choice, and one mentions him as second choice after Mr. Roosevelt. One committeeman said: "Roosevelt or Hughes." All Democratic committeemen named Mr. Bryan as first choice, except Dr. L. L. Treat, of Adrian, who said: "Give us a Democrat, Folk, Bryan or one of the Tillman kind." Many Governors to Attend. NEW YORK, April 20. Fifteen Gover nors have accepted the invitation of the National Civic Federation to name dele' gates to attend the national conference on combinations and trusts, . in Chicago, May 28-31. The acceptances of Governor Hughes of New York,' Cummins of Iowa, Folk of Missouri, Warner of Michigan. Davidson of Wisconsin and Cutler of Utah were received today. This confer ence will discuss: Governmental powers over corporations engaged In Interstate commerce; the division of power under the constitution between the nation and the state; power concurrent in nation and state, and similar subjects. "Now, don't let me see you again.' frw" - - " " PROPOSES UN ON OF 10 LEADERS Graves Would Join Roosevelt and Bryan. BOTH ENGAGE IN SAME BATTLE Asks That One Nominate Other for President. POWER TO CHANGE PARTIES Georgia Democrat Rejoices In Loosening of Party Ties and Halls Leaders as the Two Greatest Men in the World Today. CHICAGO, April 20. John Temple Graves, of Atlanta, Ga., speaking to night at the annual banquet of the Iroquois Club, on "The Regeneration of Parties." said: "Party ties in general have never held so lightly as today. North and South, in Republican and Democratic ranks, loyalty hangs by a hair. The Republican party, formed upon the Federalist . Idea and reborn and pros pered upon the tides of abolition, has progressed beyond the. Federalist the ory to privilege, and beyond the anti slavery agitations to graft. "The Democratic party has been re cruited so rapidly from, the ranks of the mighty in trade that Its platforms have truckled, and in the last cam paign it nominated a candidate, whose actual spoken commendation was based upon the bald and infamous con- , fesslon, 'he was not offensive to the trusts.' What Practical Citizens Want. "But times have changed; and men have changed with the times. The cheap newspapers, rural mall delivery, have builded 'the clearest' and "most" practical democracy in the world. The practical citizen and he is nine-tenths of the Republic wants good govern ment without regard to names. "What conservative Democrat save Alton B. Parker, with his confreres, has been strong enough to put Bryan to Indignity and Hearst to shame? What Republican strong enough to re duce Mr. Roosevelt to the ranks of the orthodox In privilege, and what Republican save Roosevelt can coerce the thronged magnates of the trusts to a proper humility? Two .Men Rise Above Party. "From the stalwart ranks of either party, from the opposite sides of the Republic, from the rich and finished East and from the virile and militant West, there have risen two great men, who, more than all others, are prevail ing here to dethrone the partisan and to split the patriot. "Mr. Bryan . is great because in all his life he has never feared or hesi tated to champion his convictions against his party, and to put them In the balance against his personal In terest. He is the first Democrat of the world. . "Mr. Roosevelt has grown great be cause he, too, has risen above the par tisan. Born and prospered in the camps of privilege, he came with a brave heart and an open mind to Washing ton. He followed with the orthodox in the wake of his party and in the path of his predecessors, but one day William R. Hearst flung at his feet an array of unanswerable statistics to prove the iniquity of the trusts. The challenge ran against a brave man's shield, and Theodore Roosevelt was never the same man again. He buckled on his sword and went forth to war with the merger of those Northern rail roads under Hill and Harrlman. Ha has never sheathed since then the blade he bared in our Democratic battle against corporation, greed and profit. "There they are, these two great (Concluded on Page-8.) But the cat came back. rm io5.oT!