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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 3, 1902)
PAGES 9 TO 16
PORTLAND. OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 3, 1902.
ottoaeoetoe(ot9tt9ooees ' caoeoe
2v yWerdav's EXPRESS The very latest in Novelty Slack
" - - w . , t r r- ? ,r r I r
Jnoire, moire Jtraoesque, moire irarianue, jrioire jjieaai
lion, Moire de Lune; choicest and. newest
effects; first in
Lune; cnoicesz ana newest r r J ,
Portland.... Cpl.OU yOL
Jin advantageous purchase
of one hundred
Latest graduated flounced
and stitched effect, tailor
made, in al those popular
gray oxford, blue mixed and
navy shades, 'tomorrow af
One Thousand Pieces
g'lish Long Clotk
Value 15 c Yard
Beady-Made Sheets and
45x36 Pillowcases, standard quality lO l-2c
72x90 Sheets, standard quality 1 45c
lOOO Picture Frames, 19c ea
Another shipment of those attractive' frames, size 7x9;
colors gilt, ebony, olive, silver, pretty brass corners,
square and oval mats, only jl
David's 3-oz. Black Ink .v 2 for 5c
Twenty-four sheets white ruled Paper, with envelopes to
match, box 10c
Tablets, ruled and plain, all sizes 4c, 5c, 7c, 9c
Envelopes to match . .3c, 5c
Sixty sheets and sixty envelopes best blue and. white Bond
Paper, box . . . . 25c
Tomorrow, positively the last day of our Midsummer Sale.
Thousands have taken advantage of the many attractive bargains in
Gowns, Drawers, Corset Covers, Skirts, etc. It will be your
loss if you miss this opportunity.
At the Linen Counter
First-class merchandise at special prices
16 x 33 hemmed Huck Towels 10c
18 x 33 hemmed Huck Towels 13c
22 x 44 extra quality hemmed Huck Towels 25c
12-incJi fringed all-linen checked Doilies, dozen 25c
19-inch bleached linen Damask Napkins, dozen $1.25
22-inch bleached linen Damask Napkins, dozen $1.50
24 x 46 heavy creme Turkish Towels, each 19c
IN THE- ART DEPARTMENT
Avondale Cushion Covers
Forty-original, artistic and exclusive designs including QQ
top and back floral and conventional effects C
Avondale Cushion Covers are made of finest art ticking.
Imported Silk Pillow Ribbons, 5-yard lengths, all 05
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Pillow Cords, finished with tassels, in a variety of color O
combinations, special C
Free Lessons in Art Embroidery.
$2.00 to $3.00, as shown in corner window vpJL.XS
New Waisting Materials
32-inch extra fine Scotch Flannel, choicest colorings, ffr
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27;inch silk damask Waistings, latest Broche effects,
2&-inch fancy-striped wool Waistings, new color combin- lZmr
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Ladies' Unit Underwear
Ladies' ribbed lisle thread Vests, L. N. N. S., plain and O?
fancy drop-stitch. Regular 35c C
Ladies' ribbed mercerized silk and imported lisle thread
Vests, L. N. N. S, white, pink, sky and black. Reg. 50c, CJOC
Ladies' cotton ribbed lace trimmed Drawers, white only. "I &
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Ladies' cotton ribbed Vests, L. N. N. S., plain and fancy 1
drop-stitch; white, pink and sky, regular 25c AOC
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Ladies' HandK'r chief Bargains
100 dozen ladies' white embroidered Handkerchiefs, seal- Q
loped and hemstitched edge, sorrie lace trimmed, Reg25c, OI
50 dozen ladies' Handkerchiefs, broken lines, plain white hem
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waist Handkerchiefs .
200 dozen ladies' plain white fancy hemstitched and corded A.r.
Druggist Sundries Sale
J. & J. Absorbent Cotton antiseptic, t oz.2c, 2 oz. 4c, 4 oz. 8c,
8oz.'15c, 16 oz. 25c.
AUcock's Porous Plaster 8c
J. & J. Belladonna Plaster .. V 7c
J. & J. Strengthening Plasters . . . 4c
J. & J. Court Plaster, yard rolls 39c
4711 Wiiite Rose Glycerine Soap fOc
471 1 Toilet Water, all odors '. 39c
4711 Extracts, all staple and special odors '. .29c
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Defeats Goward of Victoria
VICTOR IN UP-HILL CONTEST
After Losing First Two Set, He Cap
tures Three- StralBht-Gos and .
Levrls Mnlntnln Title as Dou
By defeating A. T. Goward, the de
fender of the title In men's singles, W. A.
Bethel gained a second leg on the Flsk
challenge cup, having "won It beforo in
1S90. The score was 3-6, 2-6. 6-4. 11-9. 7-5.
Never since the exhibition games given by
the National champions. Whitman,
Wright. Ward and Davis, in 1S09, have
Portland tennis enthusiasts witnessed such
a brilliant, exciting, interesting and sci
entific exposition of the game as was
given yesterday by Bethel and Goward in
their live-set struggle. Each was perfectjy
fit physically, each was equally deter
mined to gain the coveted title and tn
phy. and each was master of an Infinite
variety of tennis tricks and dodges. Never
before on the Portland courts was t aere
a closer match nor a harder-fought one.
Each player had a large number of sup
porters!, and alh-the good plays and they
were numberless were impartially and
vigorously applauded by the largo crowd
of enthusalstlc spectators.
Greek Met Greek.
While both Bethel and Goward endeavor
to practice pretty much the same theory
of the game, both adopting a strictly of
fensive style of play, they differ entirely
in the strokes by which they endeavor to
win. Bethel serves harder, smashes more
vigorously, and drives with greater speed
and uses a hard, low, underhand drive
placed deep Into the back court. Goward
affects a slower serve, kills a lob by plac
ing rather than smashing it, and uses a
speedy cut or chop stroke, which is un
equaled for passing purposes. Each is
an adept In employing what 19 technically
called the forcing stroke that Is, In plac
ing the ball so as to put his opponent on
toe run and make tho return as Ineffect
ual as possible.
Match by Sets. i
Goward speedily took the first set by 143
points to 29, winning partly because of
Bethel's unsteadiness and largely because
of his splendidly accurate placing. With
the games 2-1 against him, Goward took
four straight games and then the set.
6-3. The points of this set ran as follows:
Bethel 0 4 11 1 5 1 2 4 2-30-3
Goward 4 2 9 4 7 4 4 1 4-59-6
Goward won the second set by the same
score, 6-3, by the same tactics. Bethel only
getting the third, fifth and seventh games.
Bethel smashed very poorly in this set.
the sun being in his eyes, and Goward
lobbing to good 'advantage. The points
ran thus: .
Bethel 1-64342 4 1 2263
Goward 4 7 2 5 1 4 2 4 4 33-6
In the third set Bethel became steadier".
his strokes took on greater length, his
volleys became sharper and his forcing
strokes were better placed- Ho took the
set, 6-4. Points:
Bethel 2 4 4 4 7 4 0 2 4 4-35-6
Goward 4 2 2 2 9 0 4 4 1 1294
The fourth set was the turning point in
the match. Bethel needed it to win. Sev
eral times Bethel was within one point
of winning. As many times Goward lacked
but one point of .gaining the set and
match. This set abounded In long rallies.
clever volleying bouts, and the result "was
In doubt until Bethel secured the neces
sary point on an out Dy uowaru. roinis;
Bethel 2. 7. 4. 4. 7. 4. 2. 3. 1. 0. 8. 4. 4, 2.
2, 5, 2, 4, b, 4--ib 11.
irowara i, o, i, u, o, x, o, , , av, x.
5, , 4, Z, 2, 7r b! 3.
Nor was the result any the less out of
doubt during the fifth set. It seemed
hardly possible that Bethel's magnificent
pull-up could last. The games see-sawed
back and forth up to five In all. Bethel
th"en broke In on Goward's service, took
his own, and got the next two games and
the match. Points.
Bethel 1 4241441404 5-347
Goward 4 2414224242 334-5
The detailed score follows:
2 g $ g
PLATERS. i8 a p s
: : t : :. : :
.o .o .olra t
' : f : 3 J "? : 3 :
Bethel 8 6 - 1 15 1 0 SO
Goward .... 9 19 10 1 0 29
Bethel 9 4 13 . . 26
Goward .... 6 12 15 1 . 33
Bethel 11 8 16 . . 35
Goward .... 8 12 9 . . 29
Bethel 30 15 23 1 1 75
Goward .... 14 19 35 2 . 60
Bethel 14 9 10 1 . 34
Goward .... 10 13 10 1 . 34
It will be observed that each won the
same number of games, 30, and that
Bethel won 200 points to Goward's 204.
Bethel won on his service 21 times and
lost nine. Gpward won his. service game
20 times and lost 10.
Goss and. Lenvls Win Donltles.
Owing to the lateness of the hour.
the challenge round of the men s dou
bles was played two sets out of three,
and Goss and Lewis won in straight sets,
8-6, C-0. Their team work was as 'excel
lent as usual, and their victory was in
large measure due to this.
The detailed score:
Goss ,.13 11
Lewis 5 7
Goward .... 6 10
White 10 18 .
Won on Lost on
Miss Atkinson Wins Ladles' Singles
The ladles' singles was won by Miss
Atkinson over Mrs. Baldwin in straight
sets in a match close and interesting.
Score, 7-5, 6-L Breeze, -of Tacoma, had
little difficulty In winning the consola
tlons from Cheal. 6-L 6-3, his strength
being in clever volleying of Cheal.
In the morning Miss Atkinson and Mrs,
Baldwin took the ladles' doubles with
comparative ease from their less ex
perienced opponents. Miss Strong and
Miss Goss. C-0, C-l.
The tournament was a success In. every
respect, and the tennis committee of he
Multnomah Club has decided to give an
open handicap tournament in September,
open to every one, in both ladles' and
gentlemen s events.
Refreshments -were served by Mrs. W.
1L Chapin, Miss Inez Barrett, Miss
Crowley, Miss Marion Jackson, Miss!
Laura Jackson, Miss Fanny Brown. Miss
Mayleta Pease. Miss Mayannah Wood
ward and Miss Mabel Goss.
Summary, of Matches Played.
Men's singles Challenge round: W. A.
Bethel, challenger; beat A. T. Goward!
holder, 3-6, 3-6. 6-3. 11-9. 7-5.
Men's doubles Challenge round Goss
and Lewis, .holders, beat Goward and
White, challengers. 8-6. 6-0.
Ladles' singles Finals: Miss Atkinson
beat Mrs. Baldwin. 7-5, 6-1.
Ladies' doubles Finals: Miss Atkinson
and Mrs. Baldwin beat Miss Strong and
Miss Goss. 6-0, 6-1.
Consolation men s singles Semi-final
round: Breeze beat McAlpIn, 6-2, 6-2;
Cheal beat Prince, 6-4, 7-5. Finals: Breeze
beat Cheal. 6-1. 6-3.
POLICEMAN SHOOTS BOY.
Charles Boffffess Wounded by Shot of'
Special Officer Andrew.
It developed yesterday that Charles
Boggcss, IS- years old, who Jives on the
East Side, was shot In the right leg July
by Special Officer C. J. Andrew, as
the lad was running away to escape being
Boggess is being cared for by a phy
sician, and will be around in a short time.
PROBLEM IS SOLVED
Philipines Not an Issue in
PRESi SCHURMAN'S SPEECH
Principle of the Consent, of the Got
erned Extended to the Filipinos
Tlie Future of tho .
CHAUTAUQUA, N. T.. Aug. 2. Presi
dent Scburman, of Cornell University, to
day delivered an address on "The Philip
pine Problem" before the Chautauqua As
sembly. He said in part:
"The Philippine question-has passed In-
CHAMPION GOWARD DEFEATED AT TENNIS.
VICTORIA PLAYER. LOSES TOW.A. BETHEL.
An Oregonlan reporter saw Officer An
drew last night, and ho spoke as follows:
"Boggess was shot by me, and I'm sorry
now that I hit him. He and his gang
have caused mo lots of trouble on my
beat. I noticed them making a disturb
ance In front of a store at Water and
Morrison streets, Just a little beforo the
shooting. I warned them to stop, and
they used bad language. Then they went
the railroad track, and I went around
the other way, to head them off.
"Suddenly I heard the door of a hen
house being broken open, near Fast Sec
ond and Oak streets, and when I ran up
the boys scattered, Boggess among them.
I know Boggess by sight, so I followed
him and called out 'Stop,' but he ran
all the faster. 1 again said that he had
better stop or that I'd fire, but he re
turned no answer. I fired once In the
air, then the second time a little lower
down, and my third shot went in the
"The boy escaped, and I did not know
until ' last Friday night that I had
shot him. He's been arrested before.
That's how the affair happened. Sinco
tho shooting I've noticed that there -have
been very few complaints over boys' con
duct on my beat." 1
Steyn, HI, Goes to See Kruger.
LONDON. Aug. 2. Ex-President Steyn,
of the Orange Free State, arrived at
Southampton today with his family on
the steamship Carisbrook Castle. He
was met by Messrs. Fischer, Wessels and
DesBruyn. the Boer delegates. He will
go to The Hague, where ex-President
JCruger will go from Utrecht to meet him
Mr. Steyn was too 111 to bear the Jour
ney to London, although a special saloon
car had been attached to the regular
boat train for him. His physician would
not allow him to be interviewed by the
press, but Mr. Steyn sent word that he
wished to express his thanks for the kind
ness extended to him by the British au-
thorlties since the surrender, and for the
care given him during the voyage. The
ex-President was removed on a stretcher
to the Dutch steamer Batavier III. -which
was moored close to the Carisbrook Castle.
He will be landed at the Hook of Holland,
and conveyed in an ambulance to the cot
tcge reserved for him, near The Hague.
Xevr Trial Ordered.
HELENA, Mont., Aug. 2. The Su
preme Court today handed down a decis
ion in the suit of the Anaconda Copper
Company against F. A. Helnze and the
Montana Ore Purchasing Company, In
which the plaintiff sought to recover title
to the Snowbird mine In Butte. The Su
preme Court sustained the contention of
the Anaconda Company and ordered a
new trial. In the decision rendered it Is
held that the lower court erred in refus
ing to allow the plaintiff to submit testi
mony In rebuttal.
Trnlnvrfcclc in India.
CALCUTTA, Aug. 2. A mixed railway
train was derailed near Morut yesterday.
Sixteen natives were killed and 30 natives
and Europeans were Injured.
to a new stage, though the public seem
unaware of It and the newspapers have
not noticed It. Certain matters of great
interest in the past have now been defl
nltely eliminated. It Is Idle now to
dls'cis tho wisdom or the unwisdom of
our acceptance of Spain's- cession of sov
ereignty over the archipelago. The fact
of our sovereignty Is indisputably es
tabllshcd both by the force of treaty
and tho forco of arms. I was one of
those who advocated leaving the archi
pelago in the enfeebled grasp of Spafn
but the American people who made war
on Spain for tho emancipation of Cuba
would not consent so President McKln
ley felt to leave tho Filipinos at the
close of the war victims of the sarao
oppression. Sentiment and enthusiasm
were reinforced by Jingoism, by optimism
and by plenteous Ignorance. But what
boots It to pursue the matter farther?
Whether by will or not the Philippines
are ours. Tho destiny of the Filipinos Is
In our hands, and great as our respon
slblllty may be to humanity and to
Providence, our roverelgnty itself Is ab
solutely unimpeachable. So, too, we
have no further concern with tho gov
erament set up by Agulnaldo, nor with
Agulnaldo himself. Both are Issues of
the -past. Men may dispute whether that
government represented the Inhabitants
of the Philippines or not. It certainly
did not represent the Moros and heathen
of the Southern Islands, and, so far as
could make out In 1SS9, it did not repre
sent tne majority ofthe Christian Inhab
itants of Luzon and the Vlsayas. The
Christian Filipinos have undoubtedly
been drawn together by three years of
fighting against the white man. But
that fighting has gone on Independently
of Agulnaldo's Philippine Republic,
whose brief existence was entirely em
braced within the year 1S99. And, at that
period, as I have said, it appeared to
be less a national than a local organiza
"There is another issue also which now
happily belongs to the past. 'During the
Spring and early Summer the newspapers
aDounaeu in reports or atrocities commit
ted by American officers and soldiers In
the Philippines. History shows that
whenever the white race, and especially
the Anglo-Saxon branch of It, comes into
conflict with a colored race. Its bearing
is apt to be arrogant and contemptuous
and It seldom falls to repay the barbari
ties practiced by the enemy with fero
clous cruelty. This tendency Inherent
In the blood was fostered by the hard
ships of the Philippine campaign, the
Intolerable climate, the elusive tactics
and the atrocious practice of some of the
insurgents. The American Army as
whole clung to Its ancient discipline and
maintained Its untarnished honor: but
here and there an officer or a private
succumbed. The natural and proper
course for all good citizens under the
circumstances was to Insist tha$ the
guilty be ounlshed and the good name of
the Army and of the Nation vindicated
thereby. Unhappily, the matter was dls
cussed with the heat and rancor of par
tlsan politics, and for a time it threat
ened to be an issue, if not the . Issue, In
the next Congressional elections But
President Roosevelt as Commander-ln
Chief of the Army decided that all the
facts should, be forwarded to him, with
no attempt to conceal anything or to
spare anybody, and, after an exhaustive
and Judicial investigation, he has exe
cuted the moral indignation of the Na
tion by the condign punishment of the
principal offender. Nor has General
Chaffee fallen behind his Commander-in-Chief
in his revision of the findings of
the courts-martial In Manila. The total
result Is that the honor of the Nation
Is satisfied, the good name of the Army
vindicated and the watchfulness of the
public rewarded, while the charge of
cruelty on the part of American officers
against the Filipinos disappears as a po
litical issue. Indeed, as by the Presi
dent's proclamation of July 4, military
government Is to be replaced by- civil
government among all the Christian peo
ple of the Philippines, and the Army re
mains merely as an Instrument of the
civil powor. the possibility of any recru
descence of these exceptional irregular
ities or crudities is effectually precluded.
Not -only have offenders been punished.
but tho now governmental conditions
render and repetition of the offenses
practically impossible In all Luzon and
the Vlsayan Islands.
"Let the dead past bury Its dead. The
Philippine problem is no longer a ques
tion of the conduct of the Army, or of
a, few men in the Army; It is no longer
a question of the character of Agulnaldo;
It is no longer a question of the jurisdic
tion of the Philippine Republic of 1S39;
It Is no longer a question of the validity
of American sovereignty over tho archl
pelago, or of the wisdom of the policy
of assuming It. These all are Issues of
the past. The pacification of the archl
pelago, the official announcement of the
termination of hostilities, the proclama
tion of amnesty, and the substitution of
civil for military control, all bring us
In sight of war problems. At the heart
of them all I think you will find this
question: What Is to bo the political
status of the inhabitants of the Philip
pine Islands? Or, more particularly, what
Is to be the political status of the 6.500.
000 civilized and Christianized Filipinos
of Luzon and the Vlsayas?
The Native Assembly.
"Tho first Philippine Commission re
ported in 1SS9 that Agulnaldo did not
represent the Philippine people, but only
a section of them; that the majority
were either indifferent to the question
of American sovereignty or accepted it
or acquiesced In it; that men of educa
tlon and property, many of whom had
discussed the matter with the commis
sion, were peculiarly favorable to the
American cause; but that all Filipino?
looked forward to eventual Independence
after an undefined period of American
tutelage and training in the work of
government. For this training the com
mission believes a native Legislative As
sembly the most efficient Instrument;
and, as it Beemed a Just recognition of
popular rights, and as the Flllplhos
deeply desired It, we recommended that
It be granted by Congress. This recom
mendation was subsequently repeated by
the second Philippine Commission, of
which. Judge Taft is the distinguished
"If Imperialism means government
without the consent of the governed, and
antl-lmperiallsm the contrary, then it
must be asserted that In the first con
flict of those forces over the government
of the Philippines, the antl-Imperlallflts.
have won the day. After 1904, when the
new Philippine Legislature comes Into
existence, no bill can be enacted into law
In the Philippines without the consent
of the governed duly given by their rep
resentatlve Legislative Assembly. Mean
time, the act of Congress creating that
assembly secures to tho Filipinos all the
civil rights specified in the bill of rights
of our own Constitution except the right
to carry arms (which is, at present, a
prudent reservation) and the right to
trial by Jury (which Is foreign to the
laws and legal traditions and Ideas of
"I believe that President Roosevelt's
attitude toward the Philippine question
Indicated In his first message to Congress
and in his Arlington speech, his -punish
ment of Army officers -who have been
proved guilty of cruelty toward Fill
plnos, and his constant support of a lib
eral and enlightened Philippine policy in
general, combined with the passage by
Congress of the Philippine civil govern
men! bill, will have the effect of ellm
lnating tho Philippines as a political i3
sue for at least three or four years.
Even those who favor Independence can
not raise the question till that native
Legislative Assembly has voiced tho sen
tlments of the Filipinos on the subject
ana also demonstrated by- wise and pru
aent use or the legislative powers it en
Joys that it is fit to receive a larger grant
of home rule.
Consent of the Governed.
"We have planted government with the
consent of the governed in Asia. The
Philippines are thus not a colony, but
an Incipient sister commonwealth. The
colonizing nations of Europe pooh-pooh
our experiment. Heaven grant It- may
be a case of liberty enlightening the
world! Certalnlv the irraln of miutanl
seed will grow. Certainly the Filipinos
wm in time insist tnat the principle
the consent of the nrovorned rpnlv
broader and fuller annllcatlon. nut T ro
peat that their destiny is now in their
own nanus, uneir mends In America
can do nothing but support their ef-r
forts. The Flllninos mav. however. t.iki
confidence from the fact that the promise
ana potency of ev'ery political good ii
contained In that principle of the con
sent of the governed which has. eprml
nally, at least, been extended to them.
-aicanume. ana till alter the Inaugura
tlon of that PhlllDSlne Assemblv In 1!KU
the Philippines will disappear as ah Issue
irom American pontics.
Our Army may have some trouble
with the Moros and heathen tribes
the southern islands. American urns
pectors and traders will desire to press
Into tho Interior, and the natives, appre
hending the loss of their lamls. -aMll 4nv
recourse to arms in self-protection. Let
our military authorities nrotprt thom
against capitalistic exploitation, and our
pressure upon them from the coast In
wards should be so gentle and so gradual
as not to provoke hostility or awaken
"In the long run, of course, the Fill
TllnOS must bp. clvpn ithor ntntaVinnrl I.
the American Union or Independence an
Independence which mav he nrtnni nnr?
ooen like that of Cuba, or nnttmi on
veiled like that of Canada. But till their
native Legislative Assembly is organized
In 190i, and for a few years thereafter,
this can scarcely be a practical Issue, and
for the meantime the Philippines will
aisappear as an issue In American poll
Gravedlgrsers on Strike.
CHICAGO, Aug. 2. The gravedlggers
are tne latest or tne wage-earners of Cm
cago to go on a strike, and as a result
Concordia cemetery is closed, and at th
entrance to the burial grounds tne super-
lntenaent nas posted a notice which reads
"There will be no more burials at tn
Concordia cemetery until further notice."
The 25 gravedlggers employed at the
cemetery are on strike for higher wages
and Jiave succeeded in preventing other
laborers from taking their places. Three
funeral proccrslons which arrived at the
cemetery gates yestetday were turn
back because of the strike. It. is stated
that similar strikes will be Inaugurated at
two other cemeteries.
AN OS IN DEMAND
School Fund Deals Are on
ULY SALES ESTABLISH RECORD
Every Section of the State on tho
Purchasers List, Although East
era Oregon Appears to Be the J
Favored. Section. .
SALEM. Aug. 2. (Special.) The sale of
school land still Increases, though it Is
generally said that "all the land worth
having has been taken." During tho
month of July nearly 40.000 acres of school
land was sold by the state at 51 25 per
acre, the purchasers paying as a rule one
fifth down and taking time to pay tho
balance. The receipts of the Land Offlco
for July were over $50,000, which was a '
larger sum than has ever been received,
before during a similar period, with the
exception of one month when a reduction
of interest encouraged debtors to makei
An Inspection of the records In the Land
Offlco for the month of July shows that
the purchases of cheap school land have
been made In every section of the stateJ
old counties as Marion and Lane, though
the quantity of vacant land In these coun-i
ties is very small, and located back in the
mountains. The greater part of the sales
were of land In Crook, Grant and Klamath
Counties, but sales were made In nearly
all the Eastern Oregon counties. From
the way the applications have been made.
there Is some reason to Infer that some
of the tracts of land were purchased by;
men or women who will Immediately!
transfer It to large land buyers, but In a.
majority of cases there Is an Indication
that the buyers want the land for their;
own use and benefit.
The State Land Department has recent
ly Issued deeds in pursuance of sales mada
several years ago. and from these It de
velops that large capitalists have been
gathering in the tracts of 160 to 320 acres
which were bought by individual appli
cants. In some cases the control of largo
tracts of land by one man or one com
pany may hasten the development of tho
country, while In others such ownership
will be detrimental. Capitalists evidently
regard the cheap school lands as good In
GERMAN TARIFF MAKERS
Find. Mine of Material la American
Literature on the Subject.
BERLIN. Aug. 2. The Reichstag tariff
experts find an inexhaustible mine to sup
port any proposition, whether protective
or of a free trade character, in the Amer
ican tariff, and the enormous literature
that "has grown up around It. Steel rails
were considered by the tariff committee
yesterday, and among the piles of debat
ing material before the members were re
ports of the American Senate and Housa
on the tariff. Count Posadowskl-Wehner,
Imperial Secretary of State for the In
terior, had a volume of the United States
census before him, and Herr Bernstein,
the Socialist leader, was armed with the
testimony taken before the American
trust commissions, from which he quoted
Henry O. Havemeyer. president of the
American Sugar Refining Company, to
the effect that the tariff was the mother
of tho trust. Every speaker favoring tho
10 marks duty on rails provided by the
bill alluded to the United States Steel Cor
poration, averring that the domestic Ger
man market would be taken by the trust
whenever sales In the United States lan
Herr Bernstein, who Is the most care
ful reasoner among the Socialists, pre
dicted the breakdown of the steel trust
from overcapitalization and overconfl
dence of Its managers. He had before
him a copy of President Charles M.
Schwab's recent declaration to the New
Jersey courts on the company's financial
position. The speaker said J. Plerpont
Morgan was boldly operating on the great
principle underlying future production,
namely, the co-relation of all elements on
a colossal scale, under one management.
Whether the steel. trust was permanent
or not. the principle on which it was
founded would endure as a guide to tho
production of the future. If the trust
came to a point where It had to sell
steel at any- price, it would so disorgan
ize International markets that 10 marks a
ton would not protect the German mak
ers. Nothing short of prohibition would"
do that. Count von Posadowskl-Wehner
remarked that there was much truth In
that statement. Everything indicated,
that the government Is not confident of
passing a symmetrical bill and. therefore,
would rather let the measure fall, and
negotiate commercial treaties with the
United States. Austria, Russia, etc., on
the basis of the present tariff.
Had Prepared for Her Bnrlnl.
OMAHA, Neb.. Aug. 2. The body of
Mrs. Julia' C. Howell, the Chicago woman'
who committed suicide in Denver yes
terday, reached this city today, accomi
panled by a lady friend, of Denver. It
was learned today that Mrs. Howell, whlla
on her way West a few days ago, stopped:
In thi3 city long enough to purchase a
lot In Prospect Hill cemetery, and a
marble monument from a local dealer.
So far as can be learned the woman had
no relatives in this city, although sho
had made every arrangement to be burled
here. Mrs. Howell left a note, sayinff
ill health was the cause of her act. She
appeared to be a woman of culture and
Gloomy Outlook In Texas.
DALLAS, Tex.. Aug. 2. Reports this
afternoon from Northeast Texas give a
rather gloomy outlook from the flooded
area. The Texas Midland Is still unable
to operate Its through service. The Tex
as & New Orleans Is tied up east ot
Seago, as the east fork of the Trinity
River Is running several feet over the
tracks there. The Texas Central has
abandoned passenger trains each "way,
owing to wash-outs near Waco. Other
roads report on time or nearly so.
Warfare AKnlnst Mosquitoes.
NEW YORK, Aug. 2. President Lederle,
of the Health Board, has decided to wage
systematic and scientific warfare against
mosquitoes. He will assign 17 Inspectors
to go over all the territory In the mnlarla
districts of Greater New York. They win
make maps of ponds? and Indicate where
ever there Is a pool of stagnant water.
Twenty-five barrels of oil will be placed
on the water In Central Park.
Felled by a Tree.
A logger named Hartman and living
near Holbrook. was severely injured yes
terday by a tree falling on him, and nis
face was cut and shoulders bruised. He
was taken to St Vincent's hospital, ana
will recover shortly.