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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OREGON IAN, PORTLAND, AtJGTJST 3, 1902.
TWO USES OF WATER
Manufacturing and Naviga
tion at the Falls, i
NO CONFLICT BETWEEN THEM
Engineers to Examine With View to
Goreramcnt Acquisition of Canal
and Lock nt Orcsron. City
Would Make River Free.
The order of tho Chief of Engineers
appointing a board to examine and re
port upon the canal and locks at Oregon
City reads as follows:
By authority of the Secretary of War.
and In accordance with the provisions of
the river and harbor act of June 13, 1902,
a board of officers of the Corps i of Engi
neers, to consist of Major John Minis,
Captain William C. Langfitt, First Lieu
tenant Robert P. Johnston, will assemble
at Portland, Or., upon the call of the senior
member, to ascertain and report whetner
either the acquisition of the present canal
and locks at Willamette Falls. Or., or a
construction of new canal and locks by
the United States Government and their
operation for the exclusive benefit of tne
navigation of said river -would, by with
drawing the waters of the Willamette
River from the channels in which tnej
iave been accustomed to flow or other
wise. Injure in a material manner tne
operations of the manufacturing ent.eJ
crises now In operation or contemplated,
et the falls of the "Willamette River.
The board is authorized to visit such
points as it deems necessary for tne
proper performance of its duties.
Major Mlllls, the senior member of tho
fcoard. Is in charge of Tlver and harbor
work in the Puget Sound district Cap
tain Langfitt has charge of the Govern
ment river and harbor work In the Colum
bia Basin and on tho' coast of Oregon.
Xiieutenant Johnston is secretary of tho
'Government Debris Commission for the
State of California, which has to do with
the effect of hydraulic mining upon the
navigable streams of the state. No tlmo
Bas yet been set for tho meeting in Port
land, but it will probably take place some
time this month. The date will probably
be arranged this week In Seattle, where
Captain Langfitt will serve with Major
Millls on a board for the examination of
the proposed improvement for Lake
From tho earliest times in. Oregon the
Falls of the Willamette hive played an
important part In the development of the
state. Long before there were canal and
locks for the passage of steamboats past
the falls there were devices for the trans
fer of freight between the upper and1
lower river. First the traffic was passed
through a warehouse constructed for the
purpose on the west side of the river,
where the first flouring mill was In the
days of old Linn City. Later a portage
railway about a mile long transferred
freight between tho upper river steam
ers at Canemah and those on the lower
river landing near the present brick flour
ing mill in Oregon City. The present
warehouse in connection with the Imper
ial Mill was built to afford an easy trans
fer past tho falls; and then came the
canal and locks on the west sldo of tho
river, which are the subject of the exami
nation authorized by Congress in the river
and harbor act passed in June. This ex
amination has in view the acquisition of
the canal and locks by the Government
and the removal of aU charges for the
passage of traffic past the Falls of the
While the theoretical power of the falls
has been figured at about 56,000 horse
power, engineers have found that scarcely
more than 25.000 horsepower is practically
available at the lowest stage of the
water. Of this total capacity about 13,000
horsepower is now used for manufactur
ing. The Portland General Electric Com-,
pany, which owns the entire property,
consumes about 9000 horsepower for Us
electric station, about 1000 horsepower is
used by the paper mills located along the
canal and about 5000 horsepower goes to
the flouring mills, woolen mill and pulp
mills. This leaves about two-fifths of the
total capacity of the water power still ta
waste down over the cataract. T
The common understanding that there
Is now or is likely to be a conflict be
tween manufacturing and navigation In
terests at the Willamette Falls is said to
have no foundation in fact. Engineer
Sullivan, of the Portland General Elec
tric Company, estimates the amount of
water necessary to operate tho canal and
locks at not more than the equivalent of
100 horsepower. So small an appropriation
for the purposes jof navigation can have
no material effect on the mills deriving
power from tho river, particularly since
tho margin Is so wide between consump
tion and capacity.
Canal Serves Trvo Purposes.
As the canal Is now arranged It serves
both for a boat channel and a feedway
to the water wheels of the mills located
at its side. To separate the navigation
channel from the feedway to the factories
and electric power station would require
the building of a wall from the head-
WRAPPERS AND SKIRTS
6H Wrappers. Several dozen of light,
0 b dark and medium colors: regular
03 U this week 10 dozen more of
We have added for
elegant $1.25 and $1.50 values.
CO Q R Skirts. An extensive showing
wZiuiJ of meltons and cheviots, me
dium weights, tailor finished in Oxford gray,
cadet gray and dark, desirable styles. This
line compares favorably with the best $5 skirts
shown by other stores but this is not a store
of big profits. SEE THESE SKIRTS.
LINING AND BRILLIANf INE
At a Saving of 20 per cent.
"1ft ft Lining 36-in. black and colored
lull percaline, hne firm texture; a
per cent saving.
1 0P fining. 26-in. waist, black and all
I Z2u colprs; select quality; 20 saving.
2 Brilliantine. Bathing and waist
UU quality; grand value for this week.
MAIL ORDERS RECEIVED A. M. FILLED SAME DAY
SECOND AND LAST WEEK OF THE
25 per cent Actual Saving.
2Cp Damask. 60-in. unbleachqd; spe
ll U cial purchase; special sale.
12ic Bath Towels. 20x38, U. B.
111 Heavy Huck Towels. Special
&2h chance for big buyers; below cost.
Mow Is the Time
Now Is the Time
Every nook and cranny in the store will contain a bargain of some kind its Roberts
Bros.' way sell all goods with the season. We will not carry goods over, let the loss
be what it may. The new store, when ready, shall be a new store with a new stock.
Tomorrow will be another of those busy Mondays, making the last week of this big
sale fully as good as the first.
BRING THIS ADVERTISEMENT
WITH YOU. ASK TO SEE THE
GOODS WE MENTION.
En Towels. Hemmed, 20x38; buyers
in dozen lots will find them below
At a Saving of Fully 25 per cent.
5 Ha Coverts and Venetians. 38-in., all
UU wool, fast color; select shades;
1ft Cashmere. Jslack and all shades:
a abiiiiiuic. ,piaciv anu an snaues;
2b about 1000 yds. for this week's'
sale; a great value.
5Q Taffeta Silk. 20-in., black, pure
Oil silk, a very choice quality; easily
LADIES' AND MEN'S SHOES
25 to 35 Saving. No old styles, but all sizes and shapes of up-to-date shoes.
Ladies' vici kid, box calf and calf lace and Congress; a sav
ing of 25 per cent.
Ladies' Lace and button, vici kid; all leathers, flexible sole,
patent tips, medium weight; generally advertised at $.50.
Men's Shoes. Best vici kid, patent, velour and box calf,
hand welt; all sizes; advance Fall styles; easy sell at $4.00.
FLANNELS, PILLOWS, ETC.
4c for 26-inch Outing Flannel.
23c Flannels. Wool, shrunk, bathing suit fabric, blue; special value.
60c Pillows. Deodorized feathers; a 30 reduction; 3-lb., 18x26.
50c Blankets and better ones at a special saving of about 25.
5 a For choice of a splendid lot of; 50rc novelties and staples. . Im
U ports, sample line of a wholesale house.
12Jc Fast color, seamless, full shape, foot form; ease and service.
35 per cent actual saving.
35c for elegant 50c quality muslin drawers.
8c, 15c Undervests cut from 15c and 25c.
The policy of Roberts
Bros, is very concise.
Appreciating the liberal
patronage of the people
not the classes, but the
misses, we will state to
retain our old and make
an army of new custom
ers, our aim is to serve
you with just what you
require at all 'times cheap
er than elsewhere, and
build a growing trade for
our new store.
EMBROIDERIES AND LACES
One-half and two-third .values.
5 a Yard for choice of 3000 yards of Linen Lace, 10c quality; this is
h the lace sale of 1902.
Remnants of Lace and Embroideries at prices that's almost like
finding them. .
8hc Embroideries, 12c and 15c qualities 50 styles to pick from.
1 Tc Embroideries, select designs; very handsome; 20c value.
BELTS AND PURSES
At a saving of nearly one half.
25c Ladies' Belts, in leather novelties; handsome trappings.
25c Purses a lot of samples in new and desirable ideas.
STAMPED WORK Pillow Shams, hemst'ehd; grand spec'1, 25c pr.
$1.00 GLOVES Ladies' -Kid Gloves, in new medium Summer
shades; guaranteed quality. This is a leader and has done wonders
to make our glove department popular.
Chock full of bargains.
Sox 5c good ones. Sox 7c better ones. Sox 9c splendid ones.
Sox 1 2c good enough for any foot. We sell men's wants awful
cheap. We want men's trade.
Ties, tOc worth 25c. Four-ply Linen Collars, 10c counterparts of
E. & W.'s 25c styles. -BOYS,
YOUTH, MEN Our goods will, please, wear .and satisfy.
Our styles and prices will do the selling.
gates to reach down about 1000 feet along
the course of -the canal. This would re
store the navigation channel to the con
dition It was In prior to the enlargement
of seven years ago, and the water wheels
would then be fed from a channel along
side the boat canal. The improvement Is
said to be contemplated by the Electric
A dam aboufr three feet tall has been
erected around the rim of the cataract to
hold the water from wasting too -fast
over the central portion of the fall and
to direct It more to the service channels
on either side. The effect on navigation
has been altogether beneficial. The dam
Itself materially slackens the water for a
distance of 23 miles up the stream, and
when flash boards are added In the low
water season the effect on navigation is
perceptible 40 miles above the falls. The
benefit to navigation is wholly incidental,
but It goes to show that the navigability
of the Upper "Willamette does not suffer
from Improvements at the falls designed
for the increase of power for manufac
turing. The 'Portland General Electric Company
received on account of the boat canal
and locks in the year just ended about
$35,000. This Is considerably more than
the report of tolls made to tho Secretary
of State shows, because there are other
Items in It. This is Income, however, that
would not come to the company If the
Government should own and operate the
canal and locks. -
The first formal step toward canal and
locks to put steamers past the Willam
ette Falls was made In 1S6S, when the
"Willamette Falls Canal & Lock Com
pany was incorporated by N. Fiun, E.
"W. Baughman and Samuel L. Stevens.
Its authorized capital was $300,000, and Its
purpose was declared to be "to locate
and construct a canal and suitable boat
locks at the Falls of the Willamette
River, on the west side of said falls, so
as to pass boats from Lower to Upper
"Willamette River, so as to insure the
speedy transit of freight and passengers
up and down said Willamette River." It
was specified that thl canal would com
mence at a point on the west side of the
"Willamette River opposite the town of
Canemah and terminate opposite the town
of Oregon City.
By supplemental articles of incorpora
tion filed February 3, 1S71, the addlUonal
objects of the corporation were declared
to be to collect tolls not exceeding the
amount fixed by law; to purchase, hold,
sell, convey, lease, and use water power
and water privileges and any personal
property that said corporation may deem
necessary and advantageous; also to pur
chase, hold, convey, etc, real estate; to
build mills, factories and houses, and
manage, lease and operate the same, etc;
to conduct water from the Willamette
Falls or from said canal, and sell, lease
and dispose of "the same for any useful
purpose; and to build, buy, own any op
erate steamboats, etc, on the Willamette
and Columbia Rivers.
October 28, 1S68, an act was passed grant
ing aid to the Willamette Falls Canal &
Ixrck Company to construct a canal and
locks at the west side of the Willamette
Falls. This act granted to the company a
subsidy of $150,0CO, "upon the express con
dlUon that said corporation, after the
completion of said canal and locks as
hereinbefore set forth, shall not for a
period of 10 years after the same Is com-
pleted charge a greater rate of tolls Shan
75 cents per ton for all freight and 23
cents for each passenger passing through
said canal and locks In steamboats or
other wntcr craft." By the terms of the
law $100,000 was to have been expended on
the work by January J, 1S70, and tho whole
enterprise completed by January 1, 1S7L
The works were not constructed under
this act, for the reason that the amount
of aid was too small and the time for
their completion too short.
This law was substantially re-enacted
In 1S70, except that the aid given by the
state was $200,000 In gold bonds bearing
Interest at the rate of 7 per cent per an
num, payable semi-annually, the bonds to
run 10 years or less, at the option of the
state, and to be paid from the fund aris
ing from the sale of land donated to the
State of Oregon by tho United States for
internal improvements. The limit of tolls
was made 50 cents a ton for freight and 10
cents for each passenger. A bond In the
sum of $300,000 was required and given
that the Work would bo completed by
January 1, 1873; and the work was so
completed and accepted by a board of
commissioners appointed by the Governor,
as provided In the act.
The Willamette Transportation & Locks
Company was Incorporated December 28.
1875. by William Strong, W. H. Efllnger
and Frank T. Dodge, and It was capltal
Ized at $1.000,000. The objects of this com-
pany were mainly the same as those of
the Willamette Falls Cahal & Lock Com
pany. By a deed dated March S, 1876,
recorded In Clackamas County, the Wil
lamette Falls Canal & Lock Company
conveyed all its property. Including the
canal and locks on the west side of the
Willamette Falls, to the Willamette
Transportation & Locks Company, for the
sum of $500,000. Supplemental articles In
creasing the powers of the latter corpora
tlon were filed January 8, 1S77.
The Portland General Electric Company
was Incorporated August 5, 1S92, by P. F.
Morcy, Frederick V. Holman and Charles
H. Cnufleld. Its authorized capital Is
$4,250,000. Among the objects of this cor
poration, are the owning and operating of
the canal and locks on the west side of
the Willamette Falls, and the ownership,
use and control of theVater power of the
falls for any useful purpose. The Wil
lamette Transportation & Locks Com
pany, by a deed dated August 21, 1S32,
conveyed to the Portland General Electric
Company, "for and in consideration of
divers good and valuable causes and con
siderations and one gold dollar," certain
real estate, "together with all and sin
gular the canal, locks, basin, breakwater,
Improvements, tenements, hereditaments
and appurtenances, and all water power
and riparian rlght3 thereunto belonging,
or In any wise appertaining."
The move for Government ownership of
the Willamette Falls canal and locks Is
In the lnterert of the producers of the
Upper Willamette Valley. Not only would
those-- within teaming distance of the
river save the E0 cents a ton now exacted
for passing through the locks, but the ef
fect on rail rates would extend to points
not on the river, and a large part of the
commerce of the valley would gain by a
free river to Portland.
TO VISIT CRATER LAKE.
Notable Party "Will Stnrt Wednesday
Under Direction of Will G. Steel.
Wednesday evening next one of the most
notable parties ever to visit Crater Lake
will leave this city, under the manage
ment of Will G. Steel. Among others
in the party will be the following: Gov
ernor and Mrs. T. T. Geer, Hon. Thomas
H. Tongue, Miss Cosper and Miss Church,
of Salem; Miss Merriam. of Brooklyn.
N. Y.; W. W. Seymour, of Tacoma; Henry
L. Plttock, of Portland. Professor Fred
erick Coville, chief botanist of the
Department of Agriculture, and family are
now at the lake, and Professor F. H.
Newell, chief hydrographer of the United
States Geological Survey, will Join the
party at Medford.
Lunch will be served at Medford. and
dlnne. partaken in camp about 15 miles
on the way. Friday evening camp will
be established near Rogue River Falls,
which will be illuminated. Saturday even
ing permanent camp will be established at
a point overlooking Crater Lake, and
several davs spent In this romantic region.
This region is full of Interesting points,
many of which will be visited from the
A carefully arranged Itinerary has been
provided, but when tho party gets Into
so interesting a region as Crater Lake Is
win probably be torn to pieces. One night
will be spent at Fort Klamath; two or
three days at Pelican Bay, and one night
at Lake of the Woods. Ashland will ba
Teached in time to take the northbound
train on August 20. and Portland will ba
reached next morning In time for business.
This will be the first important party to
visit the new National park.
Appeals From Justice Court.
Notice of appeal from the Justice Court
has been filed in the State Circuit Court
in the suit of James Manary against
Charles E. Runyon, to recover $10. Man
ary complains that he had a deal on lead
ing to the purchase of the Beaver Flume
& Lumber Company, and that Runyon
agreed to pay his expenses If It was not
consummated. He alleges that the salo
was not effected, and that Runyon who
Is the president of the company, declined
to make the expense money good. Run
yon In his answer makes a general de
nial, and says he advised Manary in time
to save himself from any loss. In the
lower court Judgment was rendered in
favor of Manary for $60, and Runyon has
fieventy hours and thirty 'minutes CTOyy
Is the time of the "Chicago-Portland Spe
cial" from Portland to Chicago. Leavei
Portland every day at 9 A. M. Ticket
ofilco Third and Washington. O. R. & N.
-1 u" Atreet
t M V Jx V ' & -. " - - -
-B' - - "" JtloOFtB'it
MAP SHOWIXG CANAL AND LOCKS AT THE FALLS OF THE WILLAMETTE, OREGON CITY, WITH MILLS ON ITS BORDER AND THE CONTOUR OF THE CATRACT AND MILL LOCATIONS, OX THE OREGON CITY SIDE OF THE FALLS