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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
TNLAY OREGONIAN, PORTLAND, APRIL" 1, 1900.
FRIARS THE CAUSE
Real Source of the Trouble in
the Philippine Islands.
PEOPLE OBJECT TO THE ORDERS
Archbishop Cbnnelle's MIlon Xot a
Success His Declarations at
The most serious of all the many prob
lems which confront us In the Philip
pines." says Albert Gardner Robinson In
the New York Independent, "the question
which, more than all others. Is most
pregnant tilth menace to American rela
tions with the Island people. Is undoubt
edly the religious question." A compari
son of the relations between the Catholic
Church and Its communicants In the West
.Indies and In the Philippines will give a
better understanding of Mr. Robinson's
position. In Cuba and Puerto Rico tho
spiritual guidance of the people was In
the hands of the church, distinctly as a
church organization. "When sovereignty
In tho West Indies changed from Spain
to tho United States, the religious prob
lem easily adjusted Itself. There were no
political issues involved, and the church
relations of the people were practically
unchanged. In the Philippines, guidance
of the people is In the hands of the mon
astic orders, the Franciscans, the Domini
cans, the Augustlnlans. and. in a more
limited area, the Jesuits. The oppres
sions of these orders, particularly of the
three first named, caused many murmur
lngs of discontent among the people, and
finally rebellion, which was aimed more
at expulsion of the friars than at over
throw of the" Spanish authority.
It was the belief that American rule
would offer no relief from monastic tyr
anny that drove so many Filipinos Into
Agulnaldo's army and made It the pow
erful force It proved Itself to be. This
fear Is still alive, and is what gives force
end effect to the stubborn resistance to
American authority. Archbishop Cha
pelle. Of New Orleans, went to Manila
some months ago to settle the religious
question. From accounts received, his ef
forts appear to be directed towards recon
ciling the Filipinos and the friars, but as
this seems to be Impossible, the Arch
bishop's work has not been crowned with
success. The report, whether true or er
roneous, has gained circulation that
the Archbishop's decision will be for the
restoration of the friars to their former
authority, and this has served to reopen
Every observant person who has re
turned from the Philippines agrees that
the troubles between the Catholic Fili
pinos and the Monastic orders Is the
problem to be settled. II. R. Lewis, of
Portland, who Is Just home from the
Islands, corroborates this opinion. In
Justice to Mr. Lewis. It should be said
that he Is not an anti-Catholic and that
he simply gives his views of matters
which came under his notice while he
was at Manila. In an Interview he said:
Trouble Break Oat Afresh.
"Prior to the arrival of Archbishop
Chapelle It was generally conceded that
the rebellion had been utterly crushed,
but events which have transpired since
then give strong indications that the
fire of rebellion has been rekindled and
that our work must. In a large measure,
be done over again. This condition of
affairs Is due to the report, which has
gained general circulation, that rho Arch
bishop Is in favor of restoring the friars
to their former parishes and privileges,
and that his decision will be to that effect
"Archbishop Chapelle arrived at Manila
on a United States transport and was
received by General Otis In a private
launch at the ship's side. He was accom
panied by Rev. Father McKlnnon, who Is
a regular Chaplain In the United States
Army. Quarters were provided for tho
Archbishop by the Government, and with
in a short time he visited the convent of
one of the principal orders. In an -interview
with the friars he was reported
to have said substantially that he came
there as the agent of the American Gov
ernment to bring about a satisfactory
understanding between tne friars and the
people: that he had consulted with Presi
dent McKInley and had with him formu
lated a plan to carry out this object; that
the friars would be returned to the par
ishes under the protection of the United
States Government: and that their power
would be greater than e-er before: In fact,
that they would become American agents
for the restoration of peace and order.
This Interview was cabled to one of the
leading newspapers of Madrid by Its cor
respondent at Manila, who received It
from the friars who were present at the
conference with Archbishop Chapelle. It
was published also In Manila In El Prog
resso. the leading Spanish paper, and
created great excitement among the Fili
pinos. "Shortly after this Archbishop Chapelle
Invited the secular clergy of Manila to a
reception at his home, which was attended
by a large concourse of natives, a number
of friars. Archbishop Nozaleda, General
Otis and other Army officers. At the be
ginning of the proceedings a Mestlza
woman arose and offered to present a pe
tition to Archbishop Chapelle demanding
that the friars be not returned to the
parishes. Archbishop Chapelle refused to
receive the petition, snying it was not a
proper occasion to hear It. and addressed
the audience, outlining his policy in this
difficult matter. He said that Insofar as
possible, the secular clergy would be em
ployed to fill the vacancies, but. Inasmuch
as they were very few In number. It would
be necessary to supply most of the par
ishes with their former occupants, the
friar. At this moment a great outcry
was raised In the audience, the people
shouting. 'Afurea las friales' ('Down with
the friars'). 'Muera los friales" 'Death
to the friars'), followed by shouts of
Vive Otis. 'Vive los Americanos.' ('Long
live Otis' and 'Long live the Americans.')
The meeting broke up in great disorder.
Fcvcral of the friars present making all
haste to secure their personal safety.
These matters were, fully reported in the
Manila papers and " Archbishop Chapelle
denied the truth of the statements which
had been credited to him In El Progresso.
The friars who were responsible for the
publication of these facts published a
etatcment over their signatures affirming
the absolute truth of the Interview.
"Subsequently Archbishop Chapelle held
another reception, which was largely at
tended, and which parsed off without dis
order. Petitions have been received In
Manila from every parish m communica
tion with the city protesting acalnst tho
return of the friars. nd General Ot's in
order to allay the excitement which was
created by the statements attributed to
Archb'sbop Chapelle. published a state
ment. In which he sild:
"The Government of the United States
makes no promises that it cannot carry
ont. and I can assure the people of the
Philippines that the Individual liberty
cuarantecd will never force upon them
any ecclesiastical domination contrary to
their wishes.' Those are the iron's that
have cleared the atmosphere of whatever
fear the people had that they would be
forced to accept conditions to which they
were opposed. The Catholic religion is
very dear to the Filipino people, but they
desire that they rhall not be domineered
over by an organization that they despise
because of former experiences.
Towers of Monastic Orders.
"There are four monastic orders in the
Philippines the Augustlnlans, Jesuits,
Dominicans and Franciscans and they
re presided over In a general way by the
Archbishop of Manila. Nozaleda. The
sountry Is divided up Into parishes, and
the parlFh church is the principal
and ucjally the largest and strongest
building of the ccmmunlty. Under the
Srar.lsh system of church and state domi
sation. the friar In charge of the parish
Bad practically nbrolute control over the
Ives and property of his people, and civil
officials were dominated by these parish
priests, .so that every process of law was
heavily Influenced by the desires and
prejudices cf the orders. They collected
church taxes from the inhabitants,, which
werejegal obligations, and could be recov
ered by civil action In the courts. In case
of death $30 was exacted as a fee to the
Church for burial In consecrated ground,
marriages $25, and christenings according'
to the purse of the unfortunate parents.
The severity of these exactions is illus
trated by the fact that the 150 death fee
often represents & man's savings for five
years. If tho xnonej of the dead man
was Insufficient to meet the tax, the
priest exacted a mortgage on the man's
meager belongings, perhaps his caribou
or his modest nlpa home. Failure to pay
within a short time was followed by con
fiscation of the effects of the family.
"Archbishop Nozaleda la directly
charged with the murder of the patriot.
Dr. Rlzal, the idol of the Filipino people,
and many other prominent agitators
against the oppressions of the govern
ment, acting in conjunction with the
Monastic orders. In this connection I will
state what was said to me by a pxom-
fc) If w
nnV. JED HAWK, CHIXESE MMSIOJfAIlY, GETS niS DEGREE.
Rev. Jen Hawk, one of the graduates of the University of Oregon medical
class this year, is a full-blood Chinese, from the province of Canton. He Is a
student of unusual diligence, and before winning bis degree In the medical
department of the university, had graduated from the Drake University, of
St, Louis, and had been ordained a mlnieter by the theological department of
that Institution. He Is now and for the past 17 years has been equipping him
self for medical missionary work among his native people, and some time this
Fall will sail for Hong Kong, there to apply his learning.
Rev. Jeu Hawk came to America In 1SSL first landing at San Francisco.
Being of a studious turn of mind, he soon managed to reach St. Louis, where
at the age of 19 he entered the Drake University for a four years' course.
After graduation he assumed control of some Baptist missionary work In New
York, where he remained four months. Following this work he came to Port
land and opened the Chinese Christian Mission, which he has conducted
under the auspices of the Christian Women's BapUst Mission. He has been
studying hard since in Portland, especially since he determined upon the medi
cal course. For three or four years previous to commencing this study he
had vaguely contemplated it, but hesitated to enter owlrg to a horror -of the
dissecting table. At laBt, realizing this must be overcome, else his ambitions
must be thwarted, he set to work with a will." He now contemplates a post
graduate course In the East before sailing for home. Rev. Jeu Hawk Is mar
ried to a Chinese woman, who was also educated In this country, and has
two interesting children.
lncnt Filipino In Manila. He raid that IS
years ago the leading citizens of every
parish In the Philippines joined in a
mighty protest to the Spanish government
against the abuses heaped upon the peo
ple by the Monastic orders. Every in
dividual who signed this petition was
seized and cast Into Jail, and the fate of
many of them Is unknown. Following
this petition came the efforts of Dr. Rl
zal for the liberation of the captives, his
death and the rebellion of 1896. The un
happy ending of this rebellion In which
the Spanish officials broke every promlso
that had been made to secure peace,
again Incited the Filipinos to another ef
fort, and at the breaking out of the war
between the United States and
Spain It seemed to them that the
hour of their deliverance was at
hand. Agulnaldo, who is only an
adventurer; seized upon the war be
tween the United States and Spain as an
opportunity to further his own ambitions.
He Incited the Filipinos to rebellion
against the United States by his declara- j
tlon that the American Government was
under the Influence of the Monastic orders
and that the burdens of the people would
be greater under American rule than
under Spanish rule. My Informant con
cluded by saying: We have failed In
manly and peaceful protest. Our beloved
Rlzal was murdered. The rebellion of
1SP6 was Impotent by the sale of our lib
erties for money received by Agulnaldo
and his principal lieutenants. We have
fought the United States to secure this
same principle of religious toleration.
Our armies have been crushed and the
advent of Archbishop Chapelle and his
utterances seem to confirm our belief that
we are again to be put under the Monastic
yoke. There Is but one course left to us,
and that we shall not hesitate to adopt
the assassination of every friar who Is
restored to his parish.' "
American Courts Xeeded.
Asked what policy would best serve to
restore peace In the Islands. Mr. Lewis
said: "The Filipinos want the Monastic
yoke lifted from their necks, or rather.
now that by their rebellion they have
cast It oft. they want it kept off. They
want fair courts In which to sue for U ,
-.-... hi, m. ' -!-. ,.. .ti '
property which the friars have stolen .
.1,, Tk.. - t Amnrtonn tiii4i.
American officers and American law: In
short, an object lesson by the United
States Government of what constitutes
Opening: of Rainier Reserve.
NORTH YAKIMA, Wash.. March 31.
Secretary Cameron, of the Woolgrowcrs"
Association, today received a dispatch
from Senator Turner and Congressman
Jones saying that the department had de
cided to open the Rainier reserve east of
the summit for sheep this season. That
will afford ranges for all the large sheep
men of this county, with a single excep
tion. 0011108 Examination Postponed.
SAN FRANCISCO. March 3L The ex
amination of John Collins, wanted at Se
attle on tho charge of robbing a bank,
has been postponed till Monday. The
hearing on the charge of kidnaping, pend-
lng against the Seattle officers, has been
postponed to the same date.
NATIONAL CAPITAL NOTES
jobx snrauiAra visit to Tins
Gossip of Xorthvrestern Interest
Ased Claimant Misled rani's Land
Case Another Harbor DHL
WAJrtrrvriTOTtf T "L Mnirh is. John
1 Sherman, very thin and pale, passed
I through the Senate chamber the other day,
! while the Puerto Rico and the Philippine
question was being discussed. The sere
and yellow statesman shook hands very
stimy with Senator Depew, and sat down
and chatted cordially with Senator Mc-
I Bride, of Oregon. He did not stop long
i In any one place, and seemed restive and
I "I'd like to be here very much for a few
days," Mr. Sherman remarked as ho
passed from the floor of the Senate to the
marble room corridor. "I was in the har
ness (aa Secretary of State) when we were
working up to the colonial possession pol
icy, and I feel pretty well posted."
The old man seemed "reluctant to go.
Although feeble and almost a skeleton, be
Is very courteous. Some who saw htm
said: "Why, I thought John Sherman was
Senator Hanna Is considering, as chair
man of the National Republican Commit
tee, the wisdom of sending a good speaker
to Washington state to follow Bryan. He
has been requested to do this by the
Washington delegation In Congress, and
it Is probable a man wUl be cent out early
in the campaign.
Senator Turner la visiting Washington.
H will be absent about three weeks.
The friends of Pioneer Thomas Paul,
of Walla Walla, report that he broke
down and cried like a child when he heard
of the favorable action in both the Sen
ate and House on his bill authorizing the
purchase of his ranch from the Govern
ment at Jl 25 per acre. The land has been
In dispute for many years, and many
bills havo been proposed without result.
Time and again have committees failed
to report his relief measure, or. when re
ported, the bill has failed In one or the
other houees of Congress.
This session Senator Foster presented
the Paul bill In the Senate, and Congress
man Jones bandied It In the House. Al
though the Interior Department, througn
the Commissioner of the General Land
Office, reported adversely on the bill to
' the Senate Dubllc lands committer, a fa
vorable report was secured on tho merits
of the pioneer's contention. The House
committee followed with a favorable re-'
port, and In the Senate the Jones bill was
pushed through by unanimous consent,
although such a procedure was questioned,
very seriously at the time.
All In all, quite an Interest has been
worked up In Mr. Paul's behalf. Senator
Foster has seen the President and ex
plained tho merits of the case, and has
asked that the pioneer's rights be given
beral "n8ldratlon: and, th,at l.h bl" be
;- ZZlZzr. - n ,,.... Vr
bas ,f c'T'?n2.,t1nt iftifr ?Z
JS m n- hi ',hVm V?
actively pursued, now that the bill for
v. .....v.. r.. ,.,. ,
' " : "" I"" U1 UUUSCS.
D. H. Nixon, of Walla Walla, has been
very active In Mr. Paul's' behalf.
There is another pioneer In Washington
who Is known to many members of Con
gress and committee clerks Thomas
Hoyne, of Montesano. He Is now con
spicuous only by his absence. For weeks
he haunted the Court of Claims. Depart
ment of Justice, and called regularly at
the rooms of the Senate and House com
mittees on claims. He believed through
ex-Congressman Lewis that his claim was
about to be allowed a cruel and unwar
ranted Impression and he came on this
session to secure, as he hoped and ex
pected, $10,003 to 30,000. As a matter of
fact, nothing positive and definite had
been done toward securing the payment
of tho Hoyne claim. In the meantime.
Mr. Hoyne's wife became anxious about
him, and then he suddenly disappeared.
. It Is presumed he has returned to Monte-
I In another Instance, speaking of claims,
a prominent Seattle attorney was told
j by the pink-whiskered ex-Congressman
from Washington that "an th papers in
his father's case had been lost." The Im
pression given was that ex-Congressman
Doollttle had lost these papers. Lately a
search was made, and It developed that
the bill on behalf of the Seattle man had
not been Introduced since 1S73. when the
claim was first presented, and all the
valuable papers were found quietly sleep
ing in the House file clerk's possession.
Senator Foster has Introduced a bill ap
propriating $50,000 for the Improvement ol
the New Whatcom harbor. The neces
sary survey has been made.
MONEY TO MINE COPPER.
Portland Company Will Operate on
There is every Indication that Portland
capitalists wUl be the. pioneers In the de
velopment of the enormous copper re
sources of the Alaskan Coast. W. W.
Catlln. vice-president of tho Khayyam
Copper Company, an organization com
posed almost entirely of Portland men,
and which has acquired" a fine property
on Prince of Wales Island, has Just re
turned from New York, where he easily
secured all the money that will be needed
for this year's work In developing the
property. He could have sold the entire
mine, or a controlling Interest, to several
wealthy New-Yorkers, among them Henry
Vlllnrd, had It been the policy of the com
pany to allow the controlling Interest to
leave Portland, but as It was not. nil
puch offers were refused. Among the men
whe have become Interested In the mine
are a number of men of wealth, and sev
eral who stand high in public life.
Mr. Catlln found that the Interest In
the copper resources of Alaska Is fully
ns great In the East as that In the gold
mines, and that copper Is regarded as a
surer and safer Investment than the
evanescent yellow metal. Oregon mlnrs,
ho says, are attracting much attention,
nnd will undoubtedly be the means of
bringing large amounts of Eastern capital
into the state.
The company will at once proceed with
the work of development, nnd expects
rcon to be shipping ore. The site of the
mine Is on tide water, so that there will
be no difficulty about the transportation
of the product.
Quotations of Mining- Stocks.
SPOKANE. Wash.. March 31. The clos
lns bids for mining stocks today were as
Black Tall ...JO (0i
Princess Maud. 10 ft"
Rutte & no..
3 Palmer. Mtn T. 20
Gold Ledge ...
Jim Blaine ...
Lone P. Surp..
3 Qullp 2S',5
SH4 Rambler Car... 27 Ji
5U!RepublIc 1 00
lReservatlon ... 9
11 JRcssland Giant IV,
IS (Sullivan 9H
90 ITom Thumb ... 15
34 Mammoth .".... ,;
3 jSonora .., 2
SAN FRANCISCO, March SL The of
ficial closing quotations for mining stocks
today were as follows:
Alta ..: 0 OCjJustlco 10 07
Alpha Con 4 Mexican 23
Andes 12lOccIdentaI Con.. 12
Be'cher 33Ophlr SI
B t & Belcher. 13 Overman 21
Hu.llon 3jPotosl IS
Caledonia 1 10 Savase 13
Challenge Con... 24 Seg. Belcher
Chollar IS'Slerra Nevada .. 53
Silver Hill 13
Standard . 3 03
Union Con IS
Con. Cal & Va.. 1 CO
Crown Point .... 21
Gould & Curry. 21
Utah Con S
Yellow Jacket .. 15
Hate & Norcross 23
NEW YORK. March SL Mining stocks
closed today as follows:
Chollar W13Ontarlo $S 2
Crown Point ... ISJOphlr 73
Con. Cal. & Va. 1 50PIymouth 11
Deadwood COiOuicksllver 1 75
Gould & Curry. ISi do pfd 8 CO
Hale & Norcross 22'BIerra Nevada .. 30
Homestake 30 Ml
Iron Silver G3
Standard 3 10
union Con is
Yellow Jacket ... 12
BOSTON, March 31. Closing quotations:
Adventure JO OlVSjOsceola JO 73U
Allouez M. Co. 2VParrott ........ 5111
Amal. Copper. SOHIQuIncy ........ 1 3S
Atlantic 21V413anta Fe Cop.. 6V4
Bos. & Mont... 3 22 Tamarack 1 91
Butte & Bos.. SI lutan Mining .. 35;
Calumet & 11.. 7 Winona 44
Centennial 24liWolverlnes .... 4114
F Norman, Chicago
M Adelaide llolton.
L Monhelm. N T
E Msnih. Newark. N J
n S Wakefield. Cnxo
E T Smith, lllnnpts
11 A Sutton. Chicago
A C Osborne. San Kr
Fred J Clark. Mlnnplaj
H it scoveu Ulnnpis
C T Alnaworth, do
Geo O Kruie. N X
n A Trimble. N T
Fred D Osborne. X T
Wm Garrett. N T
Arthur T Shaw, N Y
Adam S Collins. S F
J W Sherwood. Mlnnpla
JIra E A nackett. ao
C O Jacobs. Oregon Cy
A O Jacobs, Oregon Cy
B II Trlmbuii. city
S J Kuqua. Richmond.
II J Otteohelmer, S F
Ceo T William. S F
Chas Muggleton. Chgo
It C Penny & wf. Ban
Mrs J It Lang & son.
Walter A Froit. Chgo
O H Pool. Boston
Mr Mrs Abbott, Van
couver. 11 C
G II Roblneon. S F
Mr & Mrs L U Clarke.
Louis Iteanrald. S F
A P Cone. N Y
C II Hill. Duluth
Howard Douglas. St 11
Jas T McKee, Clnclnn
Jos Lendan, San Fran)
John McGttlre. Antorla!
O L Schoollng.Dawson
Cbas Duller. Dalles
J A Gelaendorner. do
C B Eturtevant, Man
chester. N II
Mru J W Conn. Astora
11 II Hurlburt. Arling
A Dlndsler. San Fran
John F Hosklns,Sump-
lira L. n Falrchild, do
John McGUL PhlU
It W Wilkinson,
Kalherln Duhttt. do
Mrs L Teutsch.rendltn
F J Connor. Edgewood
Mrs n W WlIklnon,do
Mrs J II renn, la-
Mlw C M Tenn. do
J I Roberta. Alaska
H Dale. Baker City
Mm II Dale, do
J A Kennedy. AMorla
S Uagnell. Astoria
Mrs S L Hampton.
Mies S Drew, San Fr
Mlia Hcrtenae Den-
nery. San Fxanclaco
Emit Waldman. Or
Jllm Agnes Vent, Jo
A J McVetter. Omaha
Wm Holder, Moro, Or
L Barnum. Moro. Or
Wm Parbeny. Mont
II E McOowan. Pujral-
II Taylor Hill. Prtnevl
Frank Rogers. Heupnr
C E Meyers. San Fran
Mre C E Meyers, do
J W Dumas. Fresno
J P Rhea. Heppner
C Lc Telller. do
MUs Mamie Hampton.
J II Iloberti. McCoy
J M Stark. Indp. Or
J J Hobeon. Spokane
J Norton. St Taul
A P Howard wf. Pa
Mrs Hamilton. Fallon,
Miss Uebold. do
jjonn ttltliain: iuiutw
Mrs C II Moor.Steven- Chas F Smith. Itrwebrg
son, asa n axcr. iiara
C W. Knowles. Manager.
O M Peerel. San Fran
W W Hoagland. S F
C Duncan. San Fran
Eugene W Vest. Ta-
E M rarka, Seattle
H Harklnn. Seattle
lien Rose nfeld. S F
It C Judson. city
Louis Brehany, Breh-
Jeule n Monroe, do
Olga SchmalL da
G Lauvlet. do
Forrest D Carr. do
F C Red. Astcrla
L A Echoller San Fr
Wm Gray, Romeo.
Mrs Gray, do
Mrs F B SOTiroerTlHe.
C Hurteln. Englanl
Mrs Hurteln. England
F V Drake. Sparta
Geo MLtherson. Wah
Margaret Caldwell. Wlc
Mrs It Crcmeln, Lew-
F Loonard. San Fran
T J Van Outeren. OakM
T T Geer. Salem
Chai banner. El!ensbr
II F Smith. Anorta
Mrs Smith. Astoria
John Adams. Astoria
II Tremwlth. Astoria
M P Callander.Knaptn
W Roranblatt. S F
H S Sulllran, Spokan
,Mrs Sulllran, Spokane
II Wise, Astoria
THE ST. CHARLES.
Bert Et John. Dalles I Joseph Knight. Astoria.
John O Eddlng. Dalles
D rerguson. San Fr
D F Coe. Dalles
J W Wlnden. Vancvr
O S Allen. Cacades
Mrs Conno, San Fran
J L TobL-.s. Pulla
J G Harris. Steveraon
J Gehrldge. do
W K Tlehen.Clatrkanl,
J Cameron. AMorla
J L Mocrr. Steverson
A H nreemer, Lyni
W L Mlttan. LTons
Wm W.yvl. Raker City
Ceo MadJox. Grays R
Oscar Ledterg-, co
Saml Llndr-en, do
J C Bryant. do 1
Gus Dogman, Ostrandr
J Fletcher. do
II A Lamb. Rldgefield
H Anderson, city
X Miller, city
J B Teon. Cathlamet
S P Howell. do
J W Knlfc-ht. do
A G Mltchum. Har
rington Mrs Mltchum. do
Jack Cameron. Gray's
Mrs uogman, ao
John Edwartts. do
Peter Van Goal, do
E F Faldlern. Tacoma
Oliver Embrwe. do
C T Brumen. Tacoma
O C Kunseth, Wash-
Frank Barney. Qulncy
D C Taylor. Lebanon
Chas Schlosse. city
Harry Tompkins, city
ITotel Donnelly, Tacoma.
Enronesn plan; headquarters for com
mercial men. ChUbercs restaurant 13
For Goldendale. Wash., tako stage at
Grants. II. Glass, prop.
If Baby Is Cuttlnc Teeth.
D rare snd u that old and wsll-trled remedr.
Mrs. Window's Soothing Syrup, for children
teethlfir. It soothes th rMM. softens the arums.
1 aUays sil pain, cures win! colic and dUrrhosa.
D.APPLETON& CO. ASSIGN
LIABILITIES OP . THE FUBUSHETQ
HOUSE PET AT 91,100,000.
Concern's Embarrassment Attributed
Mainly to Extension of Business
on Installment Basis.
The publishing house of D. Appleton &
Co.. of New York, has assigned. The 11
abntlts of the firm are placed at $1,100,000.
The actual assets are not yet known, but
It Is believed that with careful handling
they will not only pay aU claims, but al
so satisfy the stockholders.
The assignment of this house, which has
been In business for about 73 years came as
a surprise to many, although for several
days the creditors of tho company were
awaro of the situation, and a few days
before the failure they perfected a reor
ganization committee, which will assist
In straightening out tho affairs of the cor
poration. 'Too much prosperity" is given as tho
causo of the suspension. For years the
Applctons have done a large business In
the Installment branch of the book trade.
This meant paying the o-igtnal cost of
the books, as well as tho agents' commis
sions, long before the price of tho books
FOUNDER OF THE FIRM
had been obtained from the customers,
who had from six to 36 months' time to
make their payments. As a result, says
the New York Times, the company had to
borrow large amounts on Its prom
issory notes, and these are now falling
The application for a receiver was made
on tho petition of Daniel Prltchard. one
of the stockholders, and manager of tho
publishing house at 72 Fifth avenue. In
the petition Mr. Prltchard recites the
fact that the present corporation was or
ganized under the laws of the State of
New York on February 27. 1S97, with a
capital of 32.000.000. The corporation was
to continue for 100 years. The present
officers and directors are William W.
Appleton. president; Daniel Appleton,
vice-president: Edward D. Appleton, sec
ond vice-president; Daniel S. Appleton.
secrctary-lreasursr, and Charles A. and
Robert Appleton, directors.
Mr. Prltchard recites the fact that n
large portion of the business Is on In
stallment sales. The sales for the busi
ness year of 1S99 are shown as follows:
Installment sales JL037.116 31
Wholesale sales 729,183 33
Retail and mall 21.410 83
Total sales J1.S2S.716 53
The Installment contracts vary, as al
ready stated, from six to 36 months, the
average being from 16 to IS months. Tne
books are delivered at once. The sales
men and canvassers, as a rule, receive
25 per cent commission. Of this they ob
tain 20 per cent, when an order Is ap
proved and verified and the general res
ponsibility of the purchaser established.
The other 5 per cent Is paid when three
or four monthly payments have been made
by the purchaser.
"In consequence of the great extent of
Its installment contract business," says
Mr. Prltchard in his petition, "and tho
extent to which Its capital stock Is locked
up In assets not readily convertible Into
money, and because of the heavy outlay
of money It Is constantly obliged to make
in order to carry on its business, the said
corporation has been obliged to borrow
large sums of money upon Its promissory
notes, some of which are due. and others
about to mature, for large amounts, and
because of the slowness with which col
lections' come from Installment contracts
and of the difficulty of obtaining ready
money to meet said notes. It Is and will
be unable to meet the same."
Continuing, he says that the applica
tion Is made In order to prevent any one
creditor obtaining an attachment, and
thus precipitating a forced sale of the
property of the company.
Mr. Prltchard places the Indebtedness
of the firm at about JL100.000, of which
amount nearly 31,000.000 Is on promissory
notes falling due In March. April and
May. Of the other Indebtedness. $30,000
Is due authors on royalties. 15,522 80 tor
merchandise. 13000 to agents on commis
sions, and 33000 to contributors to various
publications of the company. The actual
cash on hand does not exceed J11.000, and
bills receivable J175.000. Mr. Prltchard
says that it would be Impossible to realize
more than 3100.000 net on the stock and
cash In the next 30 days on a forced sale.
The directors and officers have all re
signed. They were satisfied that the busi
ness canot be successfully carried on un
der present conditions, so had determined
to wind up the business and protect the
Daniel S. Appleton makes an affidavit
as to the correctness of tho facts set forth
by Mr. Prltchard.
J. Hampden Dougherty, a lawyer, was
appointed receiver. Ho gave bonds In
J150.0M with the American Surety Com
pany, and immediately entered upon his
Statement to Creditors.
As soon as the receivership was a cer
tainty the members of the firm sent out
tho following letter:
"New York. March 22. 1900. To the
Creditors of D. Appleton & Co. Gentle
men: For three-fourths of a century the
house of D. Appleton & Co. has continued
without interruption or default. With
growing reputation, merited we trust, tho
house legitimately has extended Its inter
ests until Its position in the publishing
world Is firmly established, and also Is.
we are emboldened to believe, highly es
teemed. "These statements measure the pain
with which we announce to you the sus
pension of our personal operation of the
business which three .generations of our
family have uninterruptedly and suc
"The present situation la owing not to
undue business risks nor to trade losses,
but mainly to the fact that through the
extension of our business on the install
ment contract basla (which contracts
amount to fully SSOO.OW now outstanding
and In due course collectible), our capital
baa become Inadequate to meet our ma
turities., and. we. im .unable to. meet our
obligations. You will find, however, a very
valuable and money-making property Of
adequate capital be provided), a business
and good-will of great value, and all un
mortgaged and unpledged.
"The courts have appointed Mr. J.
Hampden Dougherty as receiver of the
corporation, with power to continue the
business until the further order of court.
"Abovo all personal considerations la our
anxiety to discharge our Indebtedness. To
this duty we shall devote ourselves unre
mittingly, and we feel confident that with
your encouragement we shall be able to
fulfill not only our duty to you, but our
ambition as well.
"Bespeaking your considerate and help-
ful co-operation In the readjustment and
permanent re-esiaDiisnmem oi tne dusi
ness. we are, yours respectfully,
"P. APPLETON & CO."
At the same time the reorganization
committee of the creditors, which had met
previous to the actual assignment, pre
pared a statement and cent Jt to all known
i creditors of the firm. It Is as follows:
I "At the request of creditors, represent
ing a large amount of the Indebtedness of
D. Appleton & Co., the undersigned have
consented to act as a reorganization com
mittee to prepare and submit to the cred
itors a plan of reorganization.
The committee has rapidly made an
examination of the affairs of the com
pany, and Is fully impressed with the sub
stantial correctness of the statements fur
nished the committee by the corporation.
OF D. APPLETON & CO.
nnd with the rectitude of its business
"With satisfaction the committee notes
the assets, consisting of Installment con
tracts, accounts receivable, merchandise
on hand, and a valuable plant of electro
type plates, copyrightfl. authors' contracts,
etc, as well as the good-will of this old
established house are very valuable; but
It Is 'manifest that advantageous results
depend entirely upon the preservation of
the assets in their unity, and upon the un
interrupted continuance o"f the bueinese.
"The appointment by the court of Mr.
J. Hampden Dougherty, who Is especially
competent for the duty, preserves the as
sets for the benefit of all creditors without
priority, preference or dlsmemberment-
"We shall promptly prepare a plan of
reorganization, and submit the same for
"Pending the preparation of the plan,
creditors are Invited to file with the sec
retary of the committee, at No. 14 Nas
sau street, a statement of their respective
"JAMES G. CANNON.
I "A. D. JBTLLTARD.
1 ' "EDMUND C. CONVERSE.
"WARNER VAN NORDEN,
.'Sullivan & Cromwell, Counsel.
"S. S. Conover, Secretary."
Company's Ilalance Sheet.
The financial condition of the company,
as shown by the balance sheet drawn on
February 1, 1900, Is as follows:
Cash $190,387 68
Bills receivable 19.4S3 61
Merchandise 170.009 53
Installments 929.643 OS
(estimated) 3S6.000 00-$1.635,E23 93
Plates and stock In
process (est.) 830,000 00
Platesof special books
Appleton Mfg. Co.
stocks and bonds.... 3SS.500 00
A. J. Johnson Com- ,-
pany, stock 1S8.000 00
A. J. Johnson Com
pany, bonds 97.000 00
Periodicals 25,000 00 1.908.50O 00
Total assets $3,004,023 93
Capital stock $2,00.000 00
Surplus ... ......,..-.... 446.598 ,6
Bills payable 1.140.000 00
Merchandise account payable.. 17.430 17
Total liabilities 13.604,028 93
While members of the firm regret the
necessity of tho present action, they feel
that It-was the wise course to follow, and
that by having a receiver In charge of tns
business for a few months the assets
which cannot be realized upon In a short
time can be safely protected and developed
to amply cover all Indebtedness. The busi
ness will go on without interruption with
tho receiver In charge.
The firm of D. Appleton & Co. was
founded by Daniel Appleton, who came
to New York City In 1S23. He established
a small store at 15 Exchange Place. He
was originally In the dry goods trade, but
In a few years started Into bookselling.
William H. Appleton became a clerk in
his father's store In 1831, and from that
time on the book-publishing business was
established. The firm moved to Clinton
Hall, on Beekman street, now the site of
the Potter Building. William H. Apple
ton took active charge of the business in
1S43, and remained In It In an executive
capacity until hla death, last October.
The business developed rapidly, and the
firm was wonderfully successful with Its
publications. The New American Ency
clopedia was Issued In 1857, and was one
of the first profitable ventures. "David
Harum" was one of Its recent successful
books. The Annual Cyclopedia and the
Popular Science Monthly were founded In
The business of the firm was conducted
at various places until 1894. when It moved
Into Its present quarters on Fifth avenue.
It has a large plant for the printing and
binding of books situated In Brooklyn.
Colonel Daniel Appleton. of the Seventh
'Regiment. Is the present managing head
of the company.
Reminiscence of on Indlnn War.
Hood River Glacier.
Amos Underwood, of White Salmon,
dropped Into our sanctum on Monday and
Incidentally remarked that "44 years ago
today the Indian massacre at the Cascades
took place." He and John Chltman. James
Allen, L. L. Peck. Henry Sheppard. Jim
Thompson, Captain Baughman were on
the south side of the Columbia River and
saw the bloody work of the redskins. The
party could see the Indians trying to fire
Bradford's store by throwing torches from
the bluff. P. F. Bradford, now of Hood
River, was one of the firm of Bradford
Bros., but ho was in tb9 East at the imc.
Lawrence Coe, brother of Captain Co,
was a clerk in the store and took a lead
lngpart In defending the same. The num
ber of whites killed on that day was 22.
DAILY" CITY STATISTICS,
Real Estate Transfers.
James F. Failing and wife and Mary
Falling Merrltl to Henrietta K.
Falling. Mary F. Falling, and
Emily Falling Cabell, all their
right, title and Interest In the un
distributed, portion of the estate
of Henry falling, deceased, tho
real property being as follows:
Undivided H of S. of lot L
block 40; undivided of N. of
lot 7. block 40: undivided hi lot 8,
block 40; lots 4 and 5. S. H lot 6.
block 41; lots 7 and 8. block 19;
W H lots 7 and 8. block 1E9; N.
H lot 3, block 27; lot 6, block 27: lot
4. block 29: lots 6. 7 and 8, block
zi; undivided hi lots z. 3 ana 4.
diock u: 101s 1. z. 1 ana s. dioc
ta; iocs 1. z. diock m; lots 1. -.,
ana s. diock Z3; all in tne city
-oruana; biook 7Z, coucn Ac
tlon: W. 62i feet lot 8. blocl
Portland: block IS. John Irvlnl
rirst Addition: lots I, z, o. 6,
section 1. T. 1 S.. R. 2 E.. contaj
lng 137 acres: undivided il of
acres of land. Pacific Countj
wasn.; Marcn 15
1L E. Noble and wlf to O. O. Rei
son. lots 5. 6. block 10. Portsmouth
March 1 '
John Dotmerbere to P. H. M.irlnl
jots iz. 13, 14, 13. Diock 4, Albion
Addition: March 14
John J. D. Edgerton and wife to
O. A. Wheeler. lot 16. block 26, Al
blna: March 30
Rose L. Humphrey and husband to
Dora Parker, lot 4. block 1S6, East
Portland: March 14
J. R. Stansbery et oL to J. B. Kirk,
lot 7. block 4. Stansbery'9 Addi
tion; March 24
Delia E. Wagner to Security Ab
stract & Trust Co., lots 9 and 10.
block 10. Highland: January 31
Mary Elizabeth Beard and husband
to Emma J. Coomer, E. 3 feet of
W. 25 feet of lot 5. block 4. Cen
tral Park: February 26
Lucy Morgan to W. M. Lndd. lots
4 and 5. block 13. Glencoe Park;
lots 3 and 4. block 2. Queen Anne
Tract; March 17
Jane M. KIneth and husband 20
Rachel S. Hawthorne, undivided U
of N. hi of W. 14 of Thomas and
Minerva Carter D. L. C. Including
plat West End. except lots 3 and
4. block 13. and block 4. and "3.9
acres: December 9, 1S98
L. F. Grovo and wife and Rachel
L. Hawthorne to City of Portland.
36.33 acres. Thomas and Minerva
Carter D. L. C: March 30
Alnsworth National Bank to G. E.
Wlthlngton. trustee, SW. 4 sec
tion 22; N. 4 SE. U. S. H NE. i.
section 23; NW. H and SE. K. sec
tion 23. T. 1 N.. R. 6 E.: March 27..
Charles L. Marlett and wife and
E. C. Leonard to G. E. Wlthlng
ton. trustee, undivided 2-3 lots L 2.
3 and 4: section 8, T. 1 N.. R. 6 E.;
Anthony Moore to G. E. Wlthlng
ton. trustee, undivided 2-5 lots L
2. 3, and 4. section S. Including
water front; also NW. U or sec
tion 21: all In T. 1 N- It. 6 E.;
February 24 ........ ...
U. S. patent to Wm. Griswold. 160
acres, being the E. hi of NW. .;
and W. hi of NE. -i. section 2u. T.
U. S.'patent to Annie B. Dunn. 53.31
acres, section 8. T. 1 N., R. 6 E.;
I N.. R. 6 E.: JUiy 11. li
Aiinit 4. 1S91.
W. H. Holmes and wife to a. l
Wlthlngton, trustee, unaiviaea 10
of lots 1. 2. 3 and 4. section 8. T. 1
V It e. R.? March 5 I
Therese Beutgen to Frank Klernan.
N. or SB. H. tno . oi
NE. K. and NW. Vl of SE. hi. sec
tion 29. T. 1 N.. R. 6 E-: 160 acres;
February 23 .... -. W
Frank Kleman and wife to G. E.
Wlthlngton. trusty same. N H
anu o. 74 miu - " .
of section 29; the SW. hi o'jfc'10"
21. and SW. 14 01
7C- R. 6 E.: Febra
Albert Moore to G. I
4. section S. T. 1 N.,
G. E. Wlthlneton, trustee.
Paper Co.. 1713 acres, s
2S. 29. 26. T. 1 N.. R.
Thomas Watson to
undivided i OI M .
T. 1 S-. R. 2 E.
section 23, T. 1 N.1
William T.' "Griswold to G. E. Wlth
.Aa 'O .......
lngton. trustee, iwj act-. "'""
Ladd & Bush to Wm. T. Griswold.
SO acres, sections 25 and 16. i. i
Chris Honnes. two-story dwelling, on
Larrnbee. between Dixon and Dupont
L. C. Boflnger. aged 32. Katie Louisa
Ondre. aged 25; O. F. Williams, 23, Maul
March 18. girl, to tha wife of Henry.
Coelen. 758 East Eighth street, north.
March 29. girl, to the wife of B. Lloyd
Beall. 13H4 Union avenue
March 19. girl, to the wife of Philip
Stein. 311 West Park street.
March 29. boy. to tho wife of Nicola
Casclato, 65S Fifth street.
March 11. girl, to the wife of Curtis Hol-
comb, 590 Borthwick street.
March SO, Jlnlchl Mlsaloa, aged SO years.
Seventh and Couch, pulmonary tubercu
Eugene West, of Tacoma, Is reglsterea
at the Imperial.
J. A. Kennedy, of Astoria, Is registered
at the Perkins.
J. Clark, of Minneapolis, 13 registered
at the Portland.
Herman Wise, a merchant of Astoria,
Is at tho Imperial.
J. W. Knight, of Gervals, is registered
at the St. Charles.
M. A. Holton, of Salt Lake, is regis
tered at the Portland.
T. II. Hurlburt, of Arlington, 1st regis
tered at the Perkins.
A. S. Collins, of San Francisco, Is reg
istered at tho Portland.
Charles Butler, of Port Townsend, IS
registered at the Perkins.
J. B. Yeon. a Cathlamet logger, is reg
istered at the St. Charles.
H. A. Lamb, Rldgefield. Wash., mer
chant, is at the St. Charles.
Olney Newell, of Denver, was a visitor
at the Mineowners' Club yesterday.
Jerry B. Bronaugh. an attorney of Spo
kone. is in the city for a few days.
Mrs. J. H. Penn and Miss C M. Penn.
of Yaqulna, are guests of the Perkins.
A. J. Mitchell and wife, of Harrington,
Wash., are registered at the St. Charles.
Hy Ellers, of Ellers Piano House, has
returned from an extended trip through
Eastern Oregon and Montana.
Mrs. J. M. P. Snider, of Walla Walla,
Wash., Is tho guest of Mrs. J. GUckman.
at 112 Fifteenth street, north.
R. S. Sheridan, chairman of the Demo
cratic State Central Committee. Is regis
tered at the Imperial, from Roseburg.
Mrs. William J. Dick, of Skagway, Is
visiting at the home of her father, Mr.
William H. Howard, at 474 East Carutn
WASHINGTON. March 3L Senator Si
mon returned to Washington today. Rep
resentative Moody is In New York over
Chief Joseph Wants to Move.
WASHINGTON. March 31 Chief Jo
seph, of the Nez Perces Indians, located
on the Colville reservation, Washington,
has filed with the Commissioner of In
dian Affairs a petition to remove his band
to Oregon. Chief Joseph says that he de
sires to be located In the Wallowa Val
ley, at the confluence of the Grand Ronda
and Snake Rivers, near the Seven Devils
mountains. The Commissioner of Indian
Affairs today said If the Wallowa district
was not too thickly settled It might bo
practicable to grant Chief Joseph's re
quest, but he feared that conditions would
not permit this action,