Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (March 25, 1900)
- THIRTY- PAGES
PAGES 1 TO 12
VOL. XIX. NO. 12.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 25, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENT&
witiifi!!cHt. m&am H4M
Programme "For the Exercises
al the Armory.
LIST OF THE
The Escort "Will Take Boat at tho
Foot of Jefferson Street for
the Cemetery. ,
Promptly at 10 A- 21. today, the
funeral services over the bodies of Ore
gon s soldier dead will begin at the Arm
ory. The Portland Symphony Orchestra,
In full force, will open the programme
with Beethoven's grand funeral march.
The orchestra management yesterday ex
pressed to the committee a willingness to
play this very appropriate selection. As
the weather is threatening, it was decided
that It would be better to charter a steam
er for transporting the military escort and
the Volunteers to the cemetery. The R.
R. Thompson was yesterday secured for
this purpose, and It is cow the plan. Jo
embark the troops, the Emergency Corps
and Red Cross Society and the Volun
teers at the foot of Jefferson street Oth
erwise no change has been made in the
programme as- published yesterday. At
the Armory the exercises will be as fol
lows: "Funeral March"
Portland Symphony Orchestra
Prayer. Dr. Alexander Blackburn
Address Governor T. T. Geer
Oration D. Soils Cohen
Benediction Rev. C. E. CHne
Those to take part in the march will as
semble at the Armory before 1 P. M., that
all may be ready to move at that hour.
The following list of pallbearers has
been selected from among the Volunteers:
Clyde Jt Nlcholsen, Harold G. Stanton,
E. E. Thornton. Jog Koeve. Alex. Gordon.
Albert E. Eide, W. H. Ponath, H. G. Stan-i
ley, G. J. Lautenschlager, C. W. Lyman,
L. C. Patton, C. E. Baty. William Green,
H. V. Crooks, Louis Matthews. C. A. Mar
cey, L. P. Smith and A. P. Hays, from
L. D. Ewlng, G. B. McKlnney, G. D.
Simmons, L. Van Vleet E. Rommell, J.
C. Prentiss. C. W. Whitney. H. Wilson.
W. W. Widmer. N. C. Newell, F. R.
Chase, Z. M. Redman, from Company A
A. Bargar. G. W. P. Reichweln, Alvin
Parsons, Phil Flood. Frank Flood and
Ward Fowler, from Company F.
Walter A. Reavls. H. P. Cloves, E, E.
Chapman, W. W. Wilson, H. P. Hunter,
F. E. Rittenour. F. W. Hemsworth. T. P.
' Bodley. H. H. Robinson. J. N. Reid, Carl
RItterspacher, J. F. Warren and T. V. Da
vis, from Company L.
The pallbearers from .other companies
will be appointed by General Summers, as
no names have been handed In to him.
Formation of Line.
That all organizations may form
promptly and vithout confusion. General
Beebe. has issued the following instruc
tions ns to arrangement in the procession
and tfcVplace for forming:
Bsdort. Major Jubitz commanding.
Old First Replment Band.
First Battalion. Third Infantry. O. N. G.,
comprising Companies E,
F. G and L
Infantry Company M.
Sailors from U. S S. Perry.
First Division, Naval Reserve.
Second Division, Naval Reserve.
Immediate Funeral Party. Brevet Brigadier-General
O. Summers com
manding. Mount Tabor Band.
of Second Oregon Dead
on catafalque and gun caissons,
manned and. Immediately escorted
by Light Battery A, O. N. G
Captain Welch commanding, pre
ceded by firing party.
Relatives of deceased.
Veterans Second Oregon Infantry, TJ. S.
V., and SpanishiAmerlcan
Governor Geer and Staff, with State Of
ficials. Mayor Storey and City Officials.
Improved Order of Red Men.
Native Sons of Oregon.
Foresters of America.
Woodmen of the World.
Knights of Maccabees.
Company of American-born Chinese.
Troop of Rough Riders.
The escort, as described in the, first sec
tion, will form In line on the west side of
Eleventh street, facing east, with left rest
irg at the Intersection of Eleventh and
The immediate funeral party, as de
scribed in second section above, will form
in the drillroom of the Armory.
The Improved Order of Red Men will
form In column on Couch street, facing
west; head of column resting at intersec
tion of Couch and Eleventh streets.
The Native Sons pf Oregon will form In
column on Couch street, facing east; head
of column resting at intersection of Couch
and Eleventh streets.
The Foresters of America will form .In
column on Burnside street, facing west;
head of column resting at Intersection of
Burnside and Eleventh streets.
The Woodmen of the World will form In
rolumn on Burnside street, facing east;
head of column resting at Intersection of
Burnside and Eleventh streets.
The Knights of Maccabees will form in
column on Burnside street, immediately
in the rear of the Woodmen of the World,
and will follow this organization directly
on tho ma-ch.
The company at American-born Chinese,
Omtain Seld Back, Jr., commanding, will
fonn ;n column on Stark street, facing
w 5t; head of column resting at Intersec
tion of Stark and Eleventh streets.
The Troop of Rough Riders will form
in column on Stark street, facing west,
immediately in tho rear of the company of
Should other dismounted organizations
desire to take part in the march, and
which have not as yet reported their In
tention of so doing, they will follow in
column in the rear of the company of
American-born Chinese. It being the ln
trtlon to have the mounted organizations
in the rear of those that are dismounted.
Captain ITnrath, commanding the troop
of Rough Riders, will be governed accord
ing'y, and will see that his troop follows
in the rear of dismounted organizations.
All organizations are requested to be In
position at point of formation, as de
scribed above, not later than 12:30 o'clock
P. M.. and having taken position, will at
once so report to Major Jubitz, command
ing the escort, who will be found on Elev
enth street. In the vicinity of the west
entrance to the Armory.
,.Ml ? Honry E- Jones' President of
the Red Cross, requests all members of
that society to assemble this morning at
the entrance of the Selllng-Hirsch Build
ing, by 9-45 o'clock, without fall.
The members of Gilbert Auxiliary Camp
No. L wl'l assemble at the entrance of
th Burkhard building, at 8-45 A. M.
that the entire auxiliary may attend tho
Volunteers funeral in the Armory.
Line of March.
The line of march lias been changed a
block or two on account of obstructions
to the way. It will be from the Armory
south on Eleventh to Alder, east on Alder
to Tenth, south on Tenth to Main, east
on Main to Sixth, north on Sixth to Burn
side, east on Burnside to Fourth, south
on Fourth to Jefferson, east on Jefferson
to Water, where the escort and others
General Summers again urges all Volun
teers to respond promptly to tho requests
issued. They are not asked to wear khaki
during the mornln gservlces unless they
so desire, but he is especially anxious that
they be on hand in the upper hall of tho
Armory promptly at 12:30 P. M., in full
khaki -uniform, that the command may
maintain its name of promptness in mov
ing whenever ordered.
STARVATION IN PUERTO RICO
Fifty Thousand Laborers on the Is
land Are WIthcHt Work.
CUV TTTJXT TVC TJTTTTTXTV-W TTlft ir.l
fcJH.41 .1 WVi.1 IJlZd f UUiVAU fVJ.1. JlLO.Lm
17. The recent strike of 700 men employed ; made today by Wharton Golden, a frail,
on the Ponce Adjuntas-Utada Government consumptive-looking Kentucky mountain
road, their demand being for 5 cents gold eer, while on the witness-stand In the
The above engraving: is from a life-sized oH portrait of General Summers
painted by E. W. Moore, the photographer. The painting: Is now on exhibi
tion in Bernstein's show window. It Tas painted from life, and is an excellent
portraiture of the General himself as he appeared In uniform while he was
engaged in the Philippine campaign. The portrait will be of great interest
to General Summers' legion of friends, as well as to the people of Oregon,
who share with him in the honor and prestige of the brigade he led against"
Agulnaldo and his followers.
per hour, an advance of 2 cents per hour,
And the more recent strike of. .000 men
working on the same road under a New
York contracting firm, their demand being
for a uniform rate of 50 cents per day In
stead of 40 and 45 cents, have served to
accentuate the fact that there are, at the
very lowest estimate, 50.000 laborers on the
Island without employment Though their
demands were refused, the strikers re
mained quiet and orderly, and made no
attempt at a demonstration. On account
of lack of funds to keep up the estates,
many plantations are Idle and are being
fast overgrown with wild vegetation.
Thousands of workmen are out of employ
ment on this account.
Governor-General Davis says that in
his estimation, 300,000 of the inhabitants -J
of Puerto Rico are dependent upon labor.
It was thought that the country was in
such a condition as to allow the distribu
tion of relief supplies to he stopped, but
immediately after this was attempted, the
cities and towns began to fill up with
beggars, and Instances may be recorded
where whole families have died from
starvation. As a consequence. General
Davis has suggested to tho "authorities
at Washington that the supplies be con
tinued. About 600 natives have Immigrat
ed from Ponce to Cuba, but from letters
received by their families here, they have
found conditions in Cuba even worse than
in Puerto Rico.
ANOTHER CAUCUS CALLED.
Proposed Amendment to the Puerto
Rlcan Tariff BUI.
WASHINGTON, March 24. Another Re
publican caucus on the Puerto Rlcan bill
will be held Monday. The latest proposi
tion is for separate measures, and an
amendment of the tariff portion so as to
allow free trade on all products going into
Puerto Rico from the United States and
retention of the 15 per cent duty on prod
ucts coming to the United States from
Puerto Rico. If there can be found any
substantial unanimity among Republicans
within the caucus, or if a sufficient num
ber can be secured to pass the bill In the
amended form, it will be pressed to a vote.
President Signed the Relief Bill.
WASHINGTON, March 24. The Puerto
Rlcan appropriation bill was signed by
the President at 4:20 P. M. today.
Good Alaska Mail Service.
WASHINGTON, March 24. Information
received at the Postofflce Department in
dicates that the efforts to get mall to
the gold fields through the Alaskan moun
tains -are meeting with great success.
Mall was recently transmitted from Skag
way to Circle City in 19 days, which broke
all records, and the dispatch of a letter
from Circle City to Washington in SO
days, as was recently done, would have
been impossible last year.
A PLOT TO MURDER
Golden's Sensational Testimony
at the Powers Trial.
NEGROES HIRED TO ASSASSINATE
aCoHBtaineers Broagfct la to Kill Off
'the Democratic Majority la the
FRANKFORT, Ky., March 24. "John
Powers told me they had two negroes here
to kill Goebel. They were Herker Smith
and Dick Cooms." This statement was
preliminary exambM Secretary of
State Caleb PoweKed with con
spiracy to kill GoebHpen told a story
of the events leadlngT to the murder,
that. If substantiated, will. In the mind
of those connected with the prosecution,
at least, probably go far toward proving
the contentions of the commonwealth, that
the murder was the result of a plan. In
which several prominent men were in
volved. Whether the defense will seek
to impeach Golden's testimony in this pre
liminary examination is not known, as the
attorneys for the defense will not talk on
the subject, but unless such attempt is
made, the commonwealth will rest Its case,
both County Attorney Polsgrove and At
torney Campbell being satisfied that
enough evidence has been presented to
hold the defendant on the charges.
Golden, who claims to have been a friend
to Secretary Powers and his brother, John
Powers, for years, gave testimony that
was particularly damaging to John Pow
ers: but he also brought In the names of
many others, including Charles FInley.
W. H. Culton and Goveror Taylor in his
story of the bringing of the mountaineers
tp Frankfort previous to the assassina
tion. Governor Taylor, however, was not
directly implicated, and the attorneys for
the commonwealth intimated today that
they do not expect to have his namo
brought forth prominently In the story of
the alleged conspiracy.
Golden was not cross-examined today,
and adjournment was taken at an early
hour this afternoon on accqunt of his
physical condition, the witness having a
slight hemorrhage during the morning and
becominc so weak -under the strain of the
examination in the afternoon that he
begsed to be allowed a respite. He was
quite nervous at times. Golden's testi
mony tended to show that a plan was
made to bring to Frankfort several hun
dred "regular mountain feudists." who
would, If necessary, as Golden expressed
tou iinu me legislative nail and kill
off enough Democrats to make It our J
way. ' The testimony did not show that
the alleged plot to kill Goebel was part of
the original plan, nor did it contain the
names of those who conceived that idea.
But tho commonwealth anmrht- n ,,
hby Golden's conversations with various
peopie mat not only John and Caleb Pow
ers, but others, as well, had full knowl
edge of the alleged plan of assassination.
Attorneys for the commonwealth say that
Golden's testimony Is practically the cap
stone of the whole structure of evidence,
and expect to prove by his testimony not
only that a conspiracy existed, but also
who are Implicated.
The room was Jammed long before the
hour set for the examination, and a large
crowd remained outside. Just what tes
timony In rebuttal the defense will Intro
duce Is not known, but unless Golden's
testimony proves sensational. It is eonsld-
1 ered probablo the defense will submit the
case without argument. Secretary of
State Powers was the only one of the de
fendants brought into court this morning.
Golden was the first witness. He tes
tified that he had known Secretary Pow
ers for about IS years, and he knew Mr.
Culton. He was also acquainted. with Gov
ernor Taylor and Captain John Powers.
He said he was a friend to all of the
defendants. He waa in Frankfort In Jan
uary and February, and saw Secretary
Powers nearly every day. He was in
Frankfort January 14, and went to Har
lan County the 18th, and then went to
Laurel County for three or four days.
from there returning to Frankfort.
"From there, where did you go? To
Barboursvllle?" asked Attorney Campbell.
After hesitating the witness said: "1
won't answer that."
"When did you have a conversation with
"When Mr. Powers and I left here to
gether. Colonel Powers told me to go to
Harlan County and tell Postmaster John
Hirst to send down 10 witnesses In the
contest case who were regular mountain
"Did he understand what you meant by
that, and what was your understanding
of that request?"
This was objected to, but overruled.
"I won't answer that," said Golden.
Affer some parley Golden said: "Well,
men who would stand up, and if necessary,
go into the Legislative Hall and kill off
enough to make it in our favor. I did not
see Hirst. I saw Hamp Howard. I told
him we wanted 10 regular mountain feud
lets for witnesses. We wanted men who
had good Colt 45s."
"Were tho Colt 43s to be put In evi
dence?" asked Attorney Campbell.
"Most assuredly they were," answered
In reply to a question. Golden said he
did not know the witnesses who came to
Frankfort. He delivered the message to
Howard on Sunday, a few days before
the shooting of Goebel.
"When did you next see Caleb Powers?"
"I saw him Tuesday. I got on the train
at Ferris Station, Laurel County. He had
a couple of men on the train named
Pease and Locket He told me to tak
care of them. I next saw Powers It
Frankfort I don't remember what con
versation we had then."
"Who selected the men who came, front
"Hamp Howard. He selected 30 men be
sldtfa the 10. Caleb Powers, I think, se
lected the men from Knox County. There
were about 70 or 80. Jim Sparks, Count?
Attorney in Laurel County, selected th
men from Laurel County."
"When was It determined to bring th
men to Frankfort?"
"I don't know."
The witness "stated that at London, Pow
ers "said he wanted a regular army of
mountaineers to come to Frankfort. In
answer to further questions, Golden said
Powers gave him $160 to give to Judge
Bingham, in Bell County.
"I gave some of It to Bingham to send
10 men down to Frankfort," said Golden,
Tho witness said ho gave Howard $73 Sfi
for 10 tickets to Frankfort and return.
He knew some of the men from Bell
County. Most of the men were mountain
eers. 'About 1200 or 1500 men were brought
to Frankfort They were fed back o!
the Statehouse. Captain Davis and
ChnrlAs "Finlev nrovidfid the nrrtvtefnriA
Continuing, Golden,, sald: , I
we Bern most 01 uienv naciw xpjtt nisPs -t
By 'we- -I -wean" myself. hewers. Dav
Culten and Governor Tayjer. , Fmley
Taylor and Powers decided to send. back
all except 16 or is from each county. I
selected 12 armed men to be kept from
Knox County. Deputy Marshal George
Thomas selected the moo. from Laurel
County. About 175 men of the mountain
eers brought to Frankfort remained here
to see that we got justice."
"Did you have any further conversation
with Powers reearrHne1 thft -work to ha
Idohe by the men coming here?"
Plot to Reduce the Majority.
"No, sir; they understood what they
were kept here for. We knew that those
mon were here to go into that legislative
hall, and, if necessary, clean out enough
Democrats to make a majority on our
The answer created a sensation.
Golden said he was in the Executive
building the day before the 9hootlng. He
met Powers in Governor Taylor's ante
room. Powers asked him to go to Louis
ville that day. He told Powers (JohnT
that he was going to Louisville with Caleb
During a long argument over a technical
point, Golden became 111 and court was
adjourned to 1:20 o'clock.
Golden resumed his testimony at the aft
ernoon session. He said that John Powers
and a black-dyed mustache man had
talked concerning the closing of Secre
tary Powers' office during the latter's ab
sence. "I had my back turned," said Golden,
"but when I turned I saw Powers give the
key to the man. John Ppwers said to me:
Goebel is going to be killed this morning.'
I said: 'This must not be done He said:
'Don't get exclteQ; I gave that man the
wrong key.' "
"What was next done?"
"We all went back to the Statehouse. I
did not go to Louisville that morning; I
can't say why."
"Do you know a man named Lick
Coombs?" astfed Attorney Campbell.
"I do. He Is a colored man and lives ia
Beattyvllle. He came down with the Lee
"Did you have any talk with Caleb or
John Powers about Dick Coombs?"
"No, but they had two negroes there to
kill Goebel. John Powers told me so. They
were Hereker Smith and Dick Coombs. I
saw Dick Coombs at the drug store near
the depot every morning for a week or so
previous to the shooting. Coombs, talk
ing to a man named Wallace In my pres
ence said: 'Damn him, I know him as far
as I can see him, and I can kill him as
far as I can see him.' He was talking of
Goebel. This conversation was in the Adjutant-General's
"On Tuesday, did you meet Caleb and
John Powers?" asked Attorney Campbell
"Yes, I did; I saw them in Caleb's'
office. I got a letter from Blakeman that
morning; asked me to come to Louisville.
Caleb said he was going with mer but
said he might want me to go to the
mountains. He was talking to Walter
Day and Governor Taylor. R. J. Howard;
of Harlan County, came up. and he talked
to'Tayldr. He Insisted on Taylor calling
out the militia. Taylor said: 'My,Godl
you people must do something first,' add
ing: I can get the militia quick enough.
You fellows must act first,' By that I un-
derstood 'we fellows' must raise a riot
in the Senate chamber. Goebel was there.
As I told you this morning, we would
clean out enough of the Legislature to
make It our way." ,
"What do you mean by that?"
"Oh, kill them. After Taylor wa
through talking, I urged Powers to take
the train with me, as it was due. At La
grange, I learned that Senator Goebel had
been shot We continued to Louisville. I
do not know why Mr. Powers went to
Louisville. Both John and Caleb Powers
were along. We left for Frankfort that
afternoon and went directly to the State
house. I did not see- Mr. Powers again
Attorney Campbell then took the witness
back, and Golden told of a conversation
he had with Caleb Powers on a train In
Laurel County previous to the shooting.
'Caleb said," said Golden.
(Concluded on Second Pace.)
HIS ARMY RESTING
Roberts Has Not Yet Advanced
NO LATE WORD ABOUT MAFEKING
Beer Celamn Trekkine North, From
the Orange River May Be Inter
cepted by FrcHch.
LONDON, March 24. Spencer Wilkin
son, reviewing tho situation at the seat
of war for the Associated Press, at mid
"The two points of acute Interest are
Just now Mafeking and the Boer column
trekking north from Smithfleld and Roux
vllle, along the Basuto border. About
Mafeking we aro in the dark. Colonel
Plumer has but a handful of men, and Is
not strong enough to attack Commandant
Snyman and raise the siege. Command
ant Snyman, therefore, has attacked him,
and Colonel Plumer has prudently retired,
expecting no doubt to return after Com-,
mandant Snyman whenever the latter
goes back. "
"Lord Roberts never forgets small
MAP OF THE SEAT OF
""' . .0 7?
Junction? ' jnttion-
1 1 1
thlQcgghll9,attendljBg to great things. It
our m laxen as ceruua- uia-i. uc iLiiuna
kw and wkea h shall have Mafeking
Relieved, sdpposfBg the garrison can hold
Out, but he does not disclose his plana In
advance. We are all left to our gdess.
My first guess that the. column had'gon
:p by Barkly on or about February
seems ta have been wrong. My next, tht
the mounted 'force would go up. fWB'
Prieska as soon as the rebels wereisit
tled is not yet ruled out GeneraljlCe
thun has been nearly arweek at Four
teen Streams, probably waiting for troops
The Boer General, who is hoping to get
past General French up at Kroonstad.
may be caught and made to fight, but
with, & few thousand mounted men he
ought to be able, by a temporary disposi
tion, to elude the British. If he stands
to fight, he may be detained for some
"Lord Roberts has now been more than
10 days at Bloemfontein. He seems to
wish to settle the country behind him
before srolne.cn. Probablv. too. he has
'extensive preparations to complete. His
next campaign will go Into the dry season,,
when tho nights are often very cold and
the veldt Is dry and bare. He will want
his men equipped for this season, and his
transport service qualified to be as near
Independent as possible of grass and water.
The design, no doubt, Is that General
Buller In the next advance will move sim
ultaneously with Lerd Roberts. General
Buller perhaps Is not ready.
"Lord Roberts will shortly have the
TSIghth division, and may also form of
the troops now available a new Tenth
division. He will then have in his own
hands 70.000 men, and General Buller will
have 40,000. The former force need not
necessarily be moving nil on one line,
for it would be easy to form a third col
umn to cross the Vaal River at Klmber
ley and turn any Boer defense on that
river. In view of these figures and the
known power of Lord Roberts as a leader,
I attach little Importance to the Boer
declarations that they will make a big
fight If they stand before they are
driven Into Pretoria, I expect they will
he enveloped. They may defend Pre
toria, but that can help them but little.
It will be a ques-ilon of weeks.
"Lord Roberts may be looked for north
of the Vaal at the end of April and before
Pretoria, If the Boers fall back to that
place, la the first half of May."
LORD ROBERTS' ADVICES.
Party of Kllah Officers Surprised
LONDON, March 24.-At a late hour the
War Office posted the following dispatch
from Lord Roberts:
"Bloemfontein, March 24. Yesterday.
Lieutenant-Colonel Crabbe, Captain Trot
ter and Lieutenant the Hon. Elygon of
the Grendler Guards, and Lieutenant
Colonel Codrington, of the Coldstream
Guards, rode eight or nine miles beyond
their camps on the Modder River, with
out escort, except one trooper. They were
fired upon by a party of Boers and Lieu
tenant Elygon was killed and Lieutenant
Crabbe, . Lieutenant-Colonel Codrington "
and Captain Trotter were seriously wound
ed. The trooper also was wounded. One
of the wounded officers held up a white
handkerchief and the Boers came to their
assistance and did all they possibly could
attending to their wounds. The Boera
then conveyed the wounded' to the nearest
farmhouse, where they were taken cars
"WILL NOT QUIT.
Transvaalers Declare They Will
, Fiarat to the "Bitter End.
LADYSMITH. March 24. The scouts
frequently engage the Boers beyond Me
ran, under the BIggarsberg, but no im
portant fighting has taken place.
The Free-Staters continue to enter our
lines, surrendering under the proclamation
Issued by Lord Roberts. They declare
that the Transvaalers are determined to
fight to the bitter end. The majority of
those who hav hitherto taken part in the
fighting have been Free-Staters. The
Transvaalera have been held In reserve.
The Boers are preparing for another cam
paign, and will occupy a strongly fortified
position In tho- Transvaal, necessitating
heavy fighting before they can be driven
out The Boers are not expected to make
a stand at Johannesburg, but to concen
trate at Pretoria.
Lord Roberts' proclamation Is causing
much dissatisfaction among the loyal
Dutch farmers In this neighborhood, asH
It is taken to mean that he has morally
pledged himself to preserve the life and
property of the rebels who lay down their
arms and return to their homes.
HOPING FOR, INTERVENTION.
Boer Leaders Know They Are Beat
en, Bat Will Tvy to Hold Out.
DURBAN, March 24. It Is learned from
an authentic source that the Boer leaders
are aware that they are beaten, but think
they can hold out for four or six months.
In which time they firmly believe foreign
intervention will force Great Britain to
grant favorable terms, Including independ
ence. They expect Germany or the United
States to intervene. The missjon of Me"3.
Wolmarens, Fischer and Wessels to Lu
ropo ia to hasten this, so far as Germany
The Boer planslnclude a stand at
Kroonstad, the Vaal River and other
points, culminating In the defense of Pre
toria, which has been preparing for a.
siege. The range of the guns has been
tested, mines have been laid and the forces
In the field have not allowed themselves
WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA
jr . .
to be cut-off with 'their hayvjnjuwUclLl
are needln tho forts a-prelolKr
The wajtity or tne Trnasvaaiers are
Ignorant of the gravity of the situation,
aJMiXtflough. tired of remaining so long
jframfthelr farms, will fight hard, believ
ing thatjthelr liberty and property are at
stake ad confident of ultimate success.
CeManlsslons for Canadians.
OTTAWA. Ont, March 24. A dispatch
was reelved here today from the Colonial
OfflceTofferlng 42 Imperial commissions to
Canadians in the Imperial Army. They
will be selected from graduates of the
Royal Military College, and fTom officers
of the Canadian militia.
Auntria-HnnR'nry Also Declines.
VIENNA, March 24. It is semiofficially
announced that the Government of Austria-Hungary
has replied to the South
African appeal for mediation in the war
that it was only possible to take such a
step when both belligerents desired It,
and that, therefore. It was impossible,
under tho present conditions, to accede to
the request made.
French Renting? ot Thnbanchn.
BLOEMFONTEIN, Friday, March 23.
Advices from Thabanchu, between Bloem
fontein and Ladybrand, on the Orange
Free State border, dated March 21, say
General French's force Is resting there
and distributing Lord Roberts' proclama
tion. Boers Retire From Kroonstad.
LONDON, March 25. A special dispatch
from Bloemfontein, dated March 24, says:
"Rudyard Kipling has arrived here.
Tho Boers are reported retiring from
Kroonstad, after having blown up a
Canadians nt the Cape.
CAPE TOWN. March 24. The trans
port Milwaukoe, with Canadian troops
aboard, has arrived here
Dominion's Trade: Is Growing and
Indicates General Prosperity.
OTTAWA, Ont. March 24. The Cana
dian Finance Minister, W. S. Fielding, has
just delivered his financial statement in
the House of Commons. It showed a
growing revenue, large business expan
sion and a genera!prospcrity all over the
Dominion. Mr. Fielding spoke for about
Dealing with the figures for the past
year, ending June 30 last, he showed the
revenue to be $40,741,219. and the expendi
tures $11,903,500, leaving a surplus of J4.S37,
749. The Increase In the revenue over the
previous year was J6.1S6.CC0. Dealing with
tho figures for the current year, Mr.
Fielding estimated that when the busi
ness of the year closed on June 30 next,
there would be a surplus of $7,500,000.
Tho Important announcement was that
tho preferential tariff in favor of Britain
was to be Increased from 23 to 331-3 per
cent A proposal had also been made to
Trinidad to give free trade between that
Island and Canada on all except a very
few articles. The only change fn the
regular tariff Is that machinery, to be
used in the manufacture of beet-root
sugar, will be admitted free of duty.
Mr. Foster, the financial critic of the
opposition, was taken by surprise at the
general programme, and asked an ad
journment of the debate, which was
A Fatal Cave-In.
PITTSBURG, March 24. One man waa
killed and five were injured by a cave-In
at, Whitehall, on the Baltimore & Ohio
Railroad, 10 miles south of here, today.
Antonio Do Bono, an Italian laborer, lost
his life. The injured are: Frank Alitler.
an Italian; John Lee. colored, of Philadel
phia; Thomas Clark, colored, of Char
lottesville, Va., an unknown American and
an unknown colored man. The men were
engaged at excavating when the tlmberr
gave way. All were taken out alive, but
Bono died a few minutes later. Alitler,
Lee and the unknown American are un
conscious, and It Is thought will die.
THE SUBSIDY GRAFT
SenatoF Simon Opposed to-tho
IT WILL NOT BENEFIT PROPUCEJf
The Object Is to Distribute the "Ptm,
pie's Money Anions? a. Fevr
WASHINGTON, March 24. Senator1 Si
mon is emphatically opposed to the Hanna-Payne
subsidy bill. His position Is well
known to the advocates of that bill ln the
Senate, and those who have undertaken to
argue with him have found that he has
not come to his conclusions without giving
the matter due consideration, and that ha
is not to be convinced that It is a wis
policy. Senator Simon says:
"I have been against thl3 shipping sub
sidy 'graft from tho beginning, and noth
ing has been said to make It loo"k any
more favorable. It is simply a proposition
to take money out of the Treasury, which
the people pay In as taxation, and dis
tribute It among a few wealthy ship
owners, without any benefit what-"
ever to the producing classes. Tb
reduction of freight rates promts-ad
by means of this bill will not go
to the producers, but If there is any such
reduction, the middle men will get It, or
the wealthy shippers, ratne- than the pro
ducers or consumers. I can see no neces
sity for any such legislation at this time,
and I will not support the bill."
The Puerto Rlcan, TariA.
The Puerto Rlcan tariff advocates hav
taken a'new lease of life today, 'and are
boasting confidentially that the 15 per cent
duty will become a law. The free trada
men In the Senate are not so sure as they
were. Senator Scott, of West Virginia,
returned to Washington today with stories
of how anxious the laboring men are for
a Puerto Rlcan tariff. He say3 that thoso
he found In his state are representing all
classes, and both parties declared em
phatically for the tariff. This has given
the protectionists considerable consolation,
and they seem to think that In a little
while the working men will be able to
change the attitude of the press and soma
of the people" of the country.
Meanwhile reports continue to come m
showing that the tariff Is extremely dis
tasteful to the people throughout the coun
try. The reception given Crumpacker, in
Indiana, Jars those who favored tho tariff,
and many Republicans are trembling in
fear for their fate before the conventions,
which a few weeks ago would have re
turned them unanimously.
"What has happened?" asked a leading
Republican of his colleagues, the other
day. "A few weeks ago the party was going
ahead strong, aggressive and certain of
victory. Today we axe halting, stumbling
and trembling, explaining to every ono
that wc aro making a defensive campaign,
and,, scared to death. It Is because the
Puerto Rican tariff matter has been
sprungrup6n ns and because Congress has
been forced to take a different position
from that anticipated In the message from
the President" i
Another Republican Senator says that
when the Republicans aro questioned ctl
the stump In the campaign as to why they
voted against the recommendation of the
President for free trade, they will have
to say the President told them privately
that he wanted them to vote for the tariff
bill. "IF will be a humiliating confes
sion," he added, "and I "don't intend to
Opposition to Assay Office.
Representative Tongue was today given-
hearing before the coinage, weights and
measures committee on the Portland assay
office bllL Mr. Tongue contended that
Portland Is the natural center to which
the mining interests of the state con
centrate. He said Portland Is more acces
sible to the Oregon and Alaskan gold
fields than any other point in the state,
and is likewise situated to receive much of
the gold from Alaska. He regarded the
establishment of an assay office at Bakez
City as Impracticable.
Mr. Tongue reproached the Director of
the Mint, who, he said, had Injured "the
Portland bill by underestimating the gold
product of Oregon, and cited the state
ments .prepared by tho Portland Chamber
of Commerce to sustain his contentions.
He pointed out that but a small fraction
of the Oregon gold went to the Seattle
asaay office, and thought that office might
Judiciously be removed to Portland. Mr.
Tongue made the plea that not more than
25 per cent of the revenues collected In
Oregon were expended In the state, and
that the Government had not recognized
Oregon in the way of public Institutions,
etc.. In proportion to most other states.
Ho thought the establishment of the as
say office would be but a modest con
Assistant Secretary Vanderllp and Dlreo
tor of the Mint Hoberts both opposed tho
establishment of more assay offices, be
cause of what they termed "an unneces
sary expenditure for maintenance." They
are of tho opinion that San Francisco
and Boise can handle the Oregon gold
adequately for the present The general
sentiment of the committee also appears
to be against any new offices.
Relief Bills Favorably Reported.
The Senate committee on claims has re
ported favorably bills Introduced for the
relief of the heirs of Chauncey M. Lock
wood, of Salem, and W. A. Starkweather,
CHICAGO GOES IN DEBT.
Appropriates Three Million Dollars
More Than Estimated Receipts.
CHICAGO. March 24. The City Council
tonight passed the appropriation bill for
the current year, after a sensational ses
sion of 10 consecutive hours as a com
mittee of the whole. The bill authorizes
expenditures aggregating $3,112,940 In ex
cess of the estimated largest possible re
ceipts the city can secure during the year
from taxes, miscellaneous receipts and
the water fund. Tho deficit In the antici
pated Income from taxes and receipts
reaches a total of $954,034, while the amount
ordered expended from the water fund
exceeds the Income from this course by
ON WAITING ORDERS.
General Wheeler's Case Wot ' Yet
Finally Disposed Of.
WASHINGTON, March 24. After sev
eral conferences today between General
Wheeler and officers of the Administra
tion, It was announced that the War De
partment had temporarily disposed of his
case by placing him on waiting orders.
This action retains General Wheeler lji,
the service of the United States until op
portunity Is had to determine whether he
shall be given an active command, 'made
the subject of a special retirement act.
or mustered out of the military serried.