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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 4, 1900)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, PORTLAND, FEBRUARY 4, 1900.
I only know she ease and Treat Lowe.
Like troutlets la & poet. Hood.
She was a. ptaatm of detlgat, Wordsworth.
And I w like a ooL Eastman.
"On klaa, dear mM," X saM, and sighed.
'Out of those lip uaoboca." Longfellow.
She shook her ringlets round her heafl.
And laughed In etry toots: Tennyson.
"Rhur oat, wild belie, to the wHd sky.
Tou hear thent. Q, my heart? AMce Carey. J
Tls twelve at night by the castle clock.
Beloved, we most part." Alice Carey.
"Cone back! Caaufrbeekt" he cried in grief.
"My eye are atorwith tears. Bayard Tayler.
Hew shall I live through all the days,
AU through a hundred years'" T. S. Percy.
Twu in the prime -ef swRSjertime. Hood.
She blest ate with her hand, Hoyt.
"Re strayed together, deeply blest,
Into the dreaaur land. Cornwall.
The laughing bridat roses WoW Palmare.
To dress her dark brown hair. Bayard Taylor:
"No maid with her may compare Brallsrerd.
Most beautiful, most raret . Read."
I clasped It on her sweet. c4d hand Browning.
The precious gotten" link, SmithY
I ctdtned her fears, and she waa calm.
Drink pretty efeatore. driakt Wordsworth.
And so I won mg Qoacvlcve Coleridge
And watke in Paradise: -Mmw
The fairest tiring- that ever crew, Wordswortlu-
Atween me and the skies. Osgood.
JOHN FISKE'3 "AMERICA"
Rotable Work fey a Historian, Sci
entist aaa Philosopher Jfoir In
Its Twentieth Taousand.
"The Discovery of America," by John
Flake, revised and perfected to date, has
Just come from the press ef Houghton,
Mlflfin & Co. (Boston and New York), in
its mk thousand. No work ef the great
America historian is more adapted to
his powers', or mere important in its con
tribution to humen thought.
For the historian to be a historian id
not enough. Re must be a scientist and
a. philosopher. Make is all three. To the
general ilew of evolution he has made
an original aad important contribution
the part played by lengthened lafancy on
the advance of the human species. He"
has mastered the evolutional philosophy,
and -with the natural bent for historical
research and the added possession of an at
tractive style, he te supremely fitted for
investigation of the beginning of Ameri
The chief service of the work: embodied
In lhee two volumes is its portrayal of,
ancient America, and the information an
cient Amerioa affords as to the history of
the race Here he has collated a vast
body of facts in remote and unpublished
sources, and popularized them. The results
of research by Morgan and others are
taken by Fiske and by his exposition of
them In relation to known facts of other
prehistoric peoples, are made into liter
ature The beginnings of human society.
dimly legended in the Old World, are here
in progress before our eyes. The past
anterior to Abraham's and Agamemnon's
time, la found to parallel the New World's
past prior to Montezuma's time. Europe
was behind Asia in its constructive and
progressive conditions and results,, and
America, in its turn, was behind Europe.
"What the Iroquois were doing when the
Jesuits studied them in the 17th century,
man had been doing by the Aegean before
Homer wrote, and in Chahlea before Abra
ham went out of Mesopotamia. Nothing
could be more impressive than these evi
dences of the units' of the race. By pre
cisely the same steps man arose from the
state of the beast, wherever hp had his
habitat. The similarity of these steps as
unfolded in the earlier chapters of Mr.
Fiske s history, makes a story of en
There was no civilisation in ancient
AtLenca, and the romances spun about
Mi xio and Peru are humiliating enough
wicn tbelr nature is exposed, but there
d d exist high graaes in barbarism. There
is a first, second and third status of sav
agery and a first, second and third status
in larbant-m. We left savagery behind
When abode was settled enough to bring
f rth pottery We left barbarism behind
us the day we invented the phonetic alpha
be' The Mexicans had an advanced state
of culture, for barbarians': the Peruvians
a state yet more advanced, but neither
had an alphabet. The New World, there
fore was far behind the old in develop
rnrr its phenomena serve to explain
re s Mtherto unexplained in the frag
mor'arj records of prehistoric Asia and
Europe Mr Fiske explains them. They
are Indispensable to a correct view of
It is Impossible to discuss or even re-
cart th series of remarkable contribu
tnf 3 3 history with which these volumes
ai -d They epitomise the truth as to
Ncrt1 men lstts to -this continent prior to
C -irus' they rehearse with skillful art
the. absorbing story tof the search for
Ca'hay lv way of the Cape of Good Hope;
thev set Columbus right before a jealous
an 3 forgetful world: they rescue "Yespuclus
f-- the calumny that Ignorance and
prejudice have heaped upon his name,
era they tell here, at length, the true
e'ot f Mexico and Peru, derived from
cess libraries and archives that have
been -ansacked tor the purpose.
Tii is no h story of early America
to tnpsre with these. Research has been
bu Mllh the formative period of the. re-
pvoli and the great West, but almost
a nnr among American historians, Mr.
Ftfke has been drawn to the beginnings of
clMlxation upon this continent, and the
nmer-oiie period when two streams of
1 rf Viich had been separated for many.
mar oemurtee, met on these shores for
a rrnbat and an eventual union of won-
$rv and unprecedented development
ncut the information here afforded, real
kr Pledge of our own history is ltnpos
si' e and there can be no true compre-
Shets on of the history of mankind.
7eeil Rhodes ia Fiction "Evolution
of Atrophy" and Other Bootes.
Only reeenUy R was reported that an
it had been signed in behalf of
iermany and the British South African
-mpanv binding the company under cer-
;.r restrictions in the construction of ita
wty In return an agreement was
sirned by Oonnanr permitting Cecil
EOiodes' Capo-to-Oalro telegraph line to
3c carried through Oerman Bast Africa.
. e recall this reoent nogoUatloa between
the powcte as & ommat, or sequel ratb
f to the true story certain Incidents
contemporary pfeliuiiu ceeeoratBg the I
intto of life Gne-to-Cako railway 1
plans, which, ia told by Morley B6hert
in "The Colossus?' The' financiering of
the railway, if waft generally understood,
was a ticklish. Job, and required all the
wit and strategy of the South African
statesman to' britig" it to pass. A beauti
ful young- EngHsh woman, in love with
Eustace Loder, tfifr "Colossus" in short,
Cecil Rhodes Is ambitious to become
"Mrs. Loder" or Mrs. Rhodes, if you
will and1 finding he will have none of her
assistance, she conspires1 on her own ac
count, and actually succeeds in accomplishing-
with her -woman's wit and charm
what these solid powers had failed to
achieve. The cross play of Mahomet and
the mountain between Gertrude Brough
toh and the "Colossus" heightens theclt
max of intrigue and interest, and results
in a triumph for the woman of course.
(Harper & Bros., New York.)
Divine Pedigree of Mnn.
Few books representing the advanced
thought of the age in the spheres of phi
lDspdhy and religion have won the popu
larity attained by Dr. Thomson Jay Hud
son's "The LaV or Psychic Phenomena"
and "A Scientific Demonstration of the
Future LKe." A new work from his- pen
embodying the results of patient inquiry
pursued on the strictest lines of scientific
induction, is sure to meet with attention;
and when the theme bf Dr. Hudson's
fresh Investigations is one of such in
terest to all thoughtful minds today as
the theory of evolution, a wider circle of
readers may "be predicted then even "The
Law of Psychic Phenomena" obtained.
Dr. Hudson s new book. "The Divine Ped
igree of Man," is an original conception
of evolution, which is worked out with
the same avoidance of vague theory, and
the same adherence to a basis of well
authenticated facts and to cogent and
logical reasoning, which characterize his
former works. Jt presents an original
and convincing interpretation of the facts
which have been accumulated by the la
bors of scientists such as Haeckel, Dar
win and Spencer; and constitutes an at
tempt to establish thereby the belief In
Christian theism. It shows that the god
like powers of man exist potentially in
the lowest forms of animal life known to
us; and advances a powerfully eloquent
argument against the atheistic attitude
which so many evolutionists have as
sumed. (A. C. McClurff & Co., Chicago.)
Evolution of Atrophy.
The purpose bf "Evolution by Atrophy,"
by Jean Dembor, Jean Massart and Emll
Vandervelde, is two-ifold. The authors
aim to show, first, that an essential ele
ment of the process of evolution as it
coes on among plants and animals is the
degeneration, decay, or atrophy of organs
or parts of organs, at the same time that
other parts of organs may be carried and
are generally being carried to a higher
stage of development, these modifications
of structure being attended by correspond
ing changes of function. The changes
that thus take place in the organism, be
they upward or downward, degenerative
or progressive, aro a part of the process
of adaptation that is everywhere "forced
upon the living being by environing condi
tions. Secondly, they point out that what
Is true In these respects In the field of life
or biology, also Is true, though perhaps
to a less extent, In social phenomena or
sociology. Societies, like Individual or
ganisms, are ever changing, ever adapting
themselves to surrounding conditions and
undergoing modifications through Influ
ences that operate from both within and
without Just as In the case of plants
and animals, the resulting social evolu
tion is attended by the phenomena or de
generation or atrophy, institutions and
customs that were once In the ascendant
declining and giving: way to be replaced by
more highly specialized forms of activity.
In biology the principle of natural selec
tion is believed to play a primary part,
while In sociology artificial selection is
represented as the dominating agent (D.
Appleton & Co., New York.)
"Hawaiian America," by Caspar Whit
ney, abounds in information regarding our
new possessions In the Pacific. The au
thor says his aim has been, not "to pro
duce either a history or a tourist's guide
to the Hawaiian Islands, but rather to
give a fair idea of the islands and their
people, their character and their indus
tries; their resources arid their prospects."
That the author is an expansionist is indi
cated by the opening sentence: "There Is
a destiny In our final assumption of au
thority In the Pacific ocean, in the recog
nition forced from us by the natural se
quence of our own acts, of the laws of
commercial gravity, which we had Ignored
so stubbornly ana so long." Political his
tory and the conditlonwof the people, and
commercial resources and prospects, come
in for a full share of attention. (Harper
& Bros, New YorkJ
Wa have in 'The New Born Cuba," by
Franklin Matthews, a full study of Cuba
since the close of the Spanish-American
war. It Is rull of information along all
the lines of interest growing out qf the
American occupation of the Island, and
the steps taken by our government to
reorganise the island's life, industries,
morals? health and economies. Never be
fore had the world seen conditions simi
lar' to those with which the United States
government had to deal in Cuba. What
the conditions were and how they were
dealt with are described in the book-.
Whether the result shall be national inde
pendence or colonial independence or com
plete political assimilation, the author
thinks will depend largely upon the de
velopment and conditions of the future,
and- adds: "Cuba's future, it is safe to.
predict, will reveal and justify the wise
and beneficent acts: of the American offi
cials during: the most critical part of
American occupatiofi namely, its begin
ning' and early growth-, or during its first
CO days. Whatever may be the result of
later complications, American occupation
of Cuba assuredly waa started right."
(Harper & Bros., New York.)
Old France and Xew
Two series of short stories, one of
Francer In the days of the Revolution,
aad the other showing vivid pictures, of
Canadian-French life, are collected in a
volume entitled "Old France- and New,"
by William. McLennan. The best story
In the- first part Is "Monsieur le
Comte." an episode In the life of Mlra
beau, tellitfg how he saved a tiny maid,
who though a royalist, won his love and
protection by her sunny, winsome ways.
Of the. Canadian stories, old and new.
the first two form a link between old and
new France, and, although the others are
strictly Canadian in character, they have
still a flavor of old France (Harper &
Bros., New York.)
Irrigation and Drainage.
The practice of Irrigation is usually as
sociated with arid regions only, but it
needs to- be first considered with refer
ence to its effects on the plant and the
soil and the climate. "Irrigation and
Drainage," by F. H. King, Is not treated
by an advocate, but by a student one
who is more interested in discussions of
principles and reasons than of particular
systems. Having once considered the fun
damentals, the author proceeds to the de
tails of practice. Irrigation for the East
L Is discussed, as well as that for the West
Professor King has traveled in the Old
World, and in our own arid regions, to
study these questions. Drainage Is taken
up in the same spirit; the book Is a com
pact handbook of these Interesting sub
jects. It Is fully illustTated.-(Th' Mac
mlllan Co., New York.)
When Joel Chandler Harris Indorses a
book In the glowing terms which he has
employed in the preface to Howard Weed
en's "B-ndanna Ballads," further com
ment seems unnecessary. He saysi "The
art with which the facts are set forth
is so felicitous In its touch, so faithful
and so informing; that it goes deeper
than character and individuality; It re
vives and resurrects the period." The
delicate lyrics express in the negro's dia
lect his own simple emotions, or show
the place he holds in the hearts of his
"white folks." An artlessness and sincer
ity in these tender poems and a total
absence of pose or 'of Etrivlng- for effect
give them a very peculiar charm. It is
not easy to select from so much that is
good, but "Two Lovers and Llzette" will
give an Idea of the style of the humorous
Who, me? in love, an' wld Llzetle?
Tou better tflleve I ain't;
$a sassy gal like dat could give
Bis nigger heart-coraplalnt.
If Gord don't love her more- den I,
Den all I got ,to say
Is, dat her soul's in danger sHo,
An' she had better pray!
It'a her, dat is In love wid me.
An' I Jes" laughs on tell her.
"Do fruit dat draps d'out beln shook
IS sho' to be too meller!"
But all de. same, you talks too much
To suit me, 'bout Llzette;
Some genfman-'a nigger gwine-gel hurt,
About dat same gal yet!
(Doubleday & McClure Co., New York.)
Under the term "Forage Crops," as
used by Thomas Stiaw In "Forage Crops
Other Than Grasses" are comprised all
pasture plants which are sown from year
to year ahd which are eaten by the ani
mals In the field. The author demon
strates how easily and satisfactorily for
age plants can be made to supplement per
ennial pastures, how profitably they can
be raised ort land which otherwise would
be Idle, and how important a place they
are destined to occupy In the near future
in systematic crop rotation on every stock
and dairy farm. The initial chapter is
devoted to lorage crops in general, while
the succeeding ones treat on the special
kinds of crops Indian corn, sorghums,
clovers, leguminous plants other than clo
ver, plants of the Brasslca genus, the
common cereals, millets, field roots, etc.
In discussing the various plants the au
thor dwells UDOn their distribution, the
soils to which they are adapted, the ro
tation in which they should be grown, the
preparation of the land, the time for
sowing- them and the methods of doing
the same, the modes of cultivation and of
pasturing them when grown. (Orange
Judd Co., New York.)
Mythology for Moderns.
"Mythology for Moderns," which the
author, James S, Metcalfe, calls "An Up,
to-Date Text Book for Up-to-Date Stu
dents," provides more amusement than
instruction. He seems to appreciate the
humorous side of the religious myths of
the Greeks and the Romans and jumbles
them up with modern applications and al
lusions In a way calculated to provoke
laughter rather than convey very deep
Warning In mythology. At the same time
the tales adhere closely to the original
versions; and their fun and satire make
them agreeable reading. (Life Publishing
Co., New York.)
As They Met in Hallway.
"Darling How glad I am to see you!"
"Oh. George, how cold your dose IsT
Wide; "Wonderful World,.
Great, wide, beautiful, -ftonderfal World,
"With the wonderful water round you curled,
And the wonderful graes upon- your breast.
World, you are beautifully dressedj
The wonderful air id over me.
And the wonderful wind la shaking the tree;
It walks on the. water, and whirls the mills.
And talks to Itself on the tops of the bills.
You friendly Earth, how far do you"gd.
With the wheat fields tbdt nod and the rhers
With cities and gardens and cliffs and Isles,
And people; upon you for thousandsof miles?
Ah, you are great, and I am so Email,
I tremble to think of yotr, Woridat Hit
And yet, when I said my prayers today,
A whisper inside of me seemed to caj,
"You are more than the Earth, though jou are
such. a. dot;
You can love and think, and the Earth cannot!"
Lswlston Journal. .
JIMMIE NASON'S DRY-OUT
Disastrous Conseqnences Resulting
From a Mnd Bath Talxen Our.
inc a School Recess.
Miss Getchell walked up to the school
TOom window to see what it was: that at
tracted the attention of the girls who
stood there, looking down upon the play
ground, with occasional expressions of
"Those boys!" she said, meaning the
youngsters jumping up and down In a
puddle of water that had formed near the
middle of the yard; "and if there isn't
Jimmy Nason among them," she added,
losing no time In throwing up the sash
ard striking her bell with a series of
short, sharp taps, the sound of which
raused every lad to look up in the direc
tion from which It proceeded, then to
make a hasty exit from the puddle. Then
sho called: "Jlmmle, come straight up
stairs!" Jlmmle, drenching wet, arrived just In
time to be taken by the arm arid uncere
moniously pushed Into a front soat, as
Miss Getchell took her place In the hall to
meet the lines marching up from after-
The boys and girls who were hi the
room and had seen what had occurred,
wondered what she would do with him.
Jimmy also wondered. Miss Getchell
seldom became provoked. That she was
provoked now, though, could be plainly
seen, even by the way In which she
tapped the bell. She was- so pretty and
graceful that the children always enjoyed
watching her. She was especially Inter
esting now, with the pink, in her cheek?
deepened and her movements more ener
getic than usual. Returning to her desk,
when the children were seated, sho fa
vored trie school with a few remarks.
Jlmmle Is Sentenced.
"I know now," she said, addressing Jlm
mle, "why you're' staying at home half
the time with sore throat, and," turning
to the- other culprits, "I suppose the rest
of you like to make ducks of yourselves,
too, and that's why you comer here with
your heads So stopped up that I can't un.
So Would Hf.
Mother (to Willie, who refuses to eat his poup)
Many a poor child would be glad It he had
only half of It.
Willie So would I, mamma.
derstand a word you say. A boy. 12
.years old, with no better Sense than to
risk- his health In that Wav! But If I
can help it, Jlmmle won't lose any mor,e
time this term. I'll dry him Out and
warm him up so thoroughly, there'll be
little danger of His taking cold. Tito,
will you go down in the basement and
light the Are In the furnace? Fix the
dampers so that all the- heat will come
into this room."
Tito Bernal started, with willingness,
nnon the errand for which he had bem
chosen. Ofall the boys in the class, Ti-
to was the one most often in trouble. It
must be admitted that he rather enjoyed
the novelty Of taking a part, other than
that of a detected culprit, In an affair
fTKjEl(pKAr,t-Vhtv. Wtr tuft, tkvyl
like the present especially when the of
fender was Jlmmle Nas6n, for hadn't
Jlmmle called him a "dago" only the day
Now. no ore had told Tito to add to the
fuel that the janitor piled", ready for light-1
ing. in the furnace Nevertheless, wink
ing to increase Jlmmie's discomfort, he
threw In sEveral extra sticks of wood.
You see, he was only a Mexican boy. Ig
norant as a little savage of the feeling
that would make you ashamed to be so
vindictive, even If you'd been called by a
worse name than "dago."
Tito re-entered the schoolroom, In time
S?"" Js3n"" I" i! ' "" "'' umbo mmmtmm . n.
to see the drylng-out process begun. Jim
role was made to occupy a chair, placed as
near to the .register as It could be got
ten. While windows were onened In nrder
that the temperature might be made ea- railroads, which have complete charge of
durable for the others. When the water It until the northwest corner of the state
that soaked Jlmmle's garments had been of Washington Is reached. When it ar
heated to the steaming point it was found rives at Seattle, it has passed through
necessary to remove the orange bios- 14 states, and yet, so far as time- is- febn
soma that decorated Miss Getchell's desk, cerned, but orte-fourth of Us Journey has
so oppressive did their fragrance become been accomplished.
in the warm atmosphere. The school was 1 It ijow takes a sea voyage from Seattle
located in a Southern California town, to JuneaU, Alaska, and from the latter
and orange blossoms were, at this particu- place Is carried, as I have already de
lar season, more common than any other scribed, to Circle CItyJ It may be taken
flower. from there by friendly hands farther Into
Jlmmle was made to sit steaming until
a time shortly before the hour for dls-
missing school. Then he was allowed to
return to his desk, and Tito was sent
back, to the basement, this time to turn
off the heat. In making the trip, he con
sumed more time" than was necessary,
choosing a roundabout course through the
WHO CAN TELL?
AH hall to Young America. These three
Are" posing for their pictures, as you see-.
Young- Bill, who on the left appears
With placid smile beyond his years,
A baker or a president may be. .
And little Tommy, in the dirty Jeans.
Who doesn't quite get on to what it means.
Has naught but mud pies on his mlncU
Some loftier object'may he find
Perhaps a Judgeship in the Philippines.
John R. Rathom la
hall, principally In order to learn the
Identity of the. boy who bent over a
sink, on account of nose-bleed, and walk
ing very slowly past the different doors
even stopping a moment lit front of them,
because he liked to hear the hum of voices
that sounded through the wooden panels.
steps leading to the basement, Tito could
When finally he aproached the flight of
t,r0.K- o l,1f.nn0n Arn ,n hA
--v., .u.uue,.. ..... ""- v.u., ...-j. - acinars ana cenxsT
basement was illuminated. At first he a.-M nt- ,!.. i- .u u .......
thought that the-furnace had not been ' n ??. 7, S S ?m wht$Pi"e
properly closed, but he entered to find the , a,nd S1?,?" L.6 h
basement aflre-not in a smoldering, , f"3. Wsflre, -PJps homeslck and lone
smoky sort of way, but with crackling ! ?; - w,th.a loving smile lliumlnat
flames, that caught the rafters much as g his face as he reads and reads again
th w , ? vinir,r woo in a very word his thoughtful s&ter has writ-
stove or grato when you have built a
fire that you know Is going to burn.
Tito Gets a Fright.
For a single Instant Tito gazed" In open
eyed fright. His first thought was to
bound upstairs and Into the nearest class
room, with the words: "Teacher, teach
er, everything's on fire In the basement"
But he didn't obey this very foolish im
pulse. He bounded upstairs, to be sure,
three of them at a time and three flights.
When he had reached the third- floor' he
scUrricd off in the direction of the prin
Mr. Cole frowned when, upon answer
ing the knock at his door, he found out
who was his visitor. As one of the bad
boys of the school, Tito came to the office
quite often, and Mr. Colo thought he
understood what brought him now". It Is
perhaps unnecessary to say that Tito told
his story as quickly as possible. Then
he went back Into the classroom and to
his desk. No one could have told that he
was thd least bit excited or knew that
anything unusual had hapnened. He even
took out his grammar and opened it, al
though, he didn't have time to begin study
ing, for just then the signal for "fire
drill" sounded Immediately bosks were
packed. The second striking1 of the gong
meant "march" Without delay, the drum
commenced to beat and the children to
leave" the" building as they always did
when there was fire drill through the
right doors, and In order of age, primary
No one, except Tito and the principal
knew there really was a fire until the II-
lvimlvtnflrm in rVi a nti anmnnf wad aCoti
lumlnation in the basement was
J through grimy, cobwebby windows,
those first in the yard. Every pupil
safely out before the flre bell rang, al
though the alarm had been turned In as
quickly as possible. The flames were
fought unsuccessfully, partly because of
several mishaps, the most serious of
which was a failure of the water supply.
San Miguel-street school was burned to
' the ground, and while It Was- being re-
built the boys and girls who had attended
j there were distributed around in other
Tito Is Praised.
The first day In the brand-new building
WHERE THERE'S A WILL THERE'S A
i"v 1 On orJy pull inn pWj ut- will n
commenced with a meeting of all the
classes in the assembly hall, where Mr.
Cole addressed them.
"You've seen now," said he to the as
sembled children, "what a very successful
thing" the drill is" Then he explained
what the consequences Of a panic would
have been. "Of course," he went on, "you
dldrt't know v.e were having anything
more than an experimental drill, but
you'd probably have done just as well
had you known It ' Then he praised Tito
Bernal, who had shown such presence of
mind. Tito, whd didn't get praised, very
often, was much pleased, and when the
principal had finished, he raised hfa IKtFe
brpwn hand for permission to speak.
"If I'd a known how to do it I'd a rang
the. gong, myself, and that 'ud a saved
time," he said.
"You acted very wisely, as It was."
Mr, dole said, smlU> then, he had the
pupils march out of the hall and Into their
AXIj FOB, TWO CmSTS.
Uncle Sam "Will Carry a Letter 700O.
Miles for That Price.
It may not be out of place, says the
Youth's Companion, to give an illustration
of the vast distances a letter may traveLon J
the strength of a 2-cent postage stamp.
Suppose one of the girl readers of the
Companion In Key Westr Fla., has- a
brother la the Klondike, region; who has
risked all to dig fortune from Mother
Earth, and writes to tell him the news
from home. Sba- drops the letter In the
postoffice at Key West, and it starts on its
It does not of necessity, travel in a
straight line to its destination, but must
follow the twlstlngs and turnings of the
the Klondike country, and finally delivered
to tne anxious Drotner. wno nas Deen
sagerly awaiting the arrival of the next
party from the nearest town in which a
postofilce is conducted, in the hope that
some one would bring him a letter.
This letter has now traveled In the neigh
borhood of 7000 miles by railroad, steam-
While N'ellle. sturdy Nellie, sitting there
And thinking, "Take my picture; I don't
Will run her race, and Mve her life.
A lone okl maid or happy wife
An Independent woman anywhere;
All hall tb young America. These three
Are postng for their pictures, as you see
What fortune may the future hold
Distress or plenty, rags cr geld?
Here is life's greatest, deepest mystery;
boat, stage, horseback, and, perhaps, dog
sled and has been on the i-sad nearly J
days, without a moment's rest.
No profit in money accrues to the gov
ernment for delivering that letter, indeed,
each letter sent Into Klondike costs the
government for transportatlen many times
. ther amount of Postage charged; but in such
-noon nhnni rocVrm nmftr nn -
' 7. '. " T 1 " ' w"'
ten about home, mother and father, and.
perhaps, some one else whom he holda
dear? When, finaljy, he places his trea- ! and ungovernable that it was found fcaees
s,uro under his pillow and seeks rest, he I sible to persuade the animal to have the
is happier than for many a day, and Un- ' wound dressed. Whenever any one ap-
. l.fllitPiiiiglsmaiitJtiy rgf j- g
clc Sam, who has contributed so largely to
that happiness, does not regret the small
I pecuniary loss he has sustained.
CHICAGO BOY'S ENTERPRISE.
Owns and Conducts Largest Phcas
antry in the West.
Wallace Evans, a slender, 13-year-old
Chicago lad In knickerbockers,, owns the
largest pheasantry in the West, selling
eggs la a season and hatching nearly
as many birds. Such an enterprise con-
auctea Dy a Doy ia generally a. nuust:-shlft-
but, the EvanS pheasantry Is per
fect In construction, having about l?5x
200 feet under wire, with the latest Im
proved hatcher and houses. It Is- divided
fr JrM bil ftrny1';
Into a network of special yards, every
gate closing and locking automatically,
so there is no danger of the birds- escap
ing. The flock of golden pheasants is a gor-
geous sight, with their brilhant yellow
T,Mrf .onoir ,, , m ,t
heads, capes' of orange and blue, lined
with vivid green, scarlet bodies, bur
nished wings and lbng, graceful tails,
dotted with, black. They1 are a fad" among
fanciers. andv their price is Increasing,
as they now bring $ a pair. The beau
tifully plumaged hen laVo 30 eggs in a
season, wblcB. are worth $10 a dozen.
Yesr Bv& has- a large- number of 9ng
Heh pheasants; furnishing a fine contrast
to the goWaw beawtMS. Tito? hujr from
59 t 7 ogee, whteh aa- raaiWIy sett tor
$5 a setttag-. His: coves of ojMeJkv weuM
make a hunter's hoax hutsv as? the? ny
to cover wtth a whir of -atogs? agd mm-
lnsr oritur TW aU hla ttmi Imimim i.nt
i from TeMeeae whore theuoanaa. of the
luckless- Mmfe tottow a toast of grain
Teodthc strsdgh Into a wire malimt cor
ral, and are the shtonod to braoefors.
Is the center of each yard Is a aaatty
stacked pHe of brush ami. straw which
affords a native retreat tor all the hMs.
The Sngheh pheastwHa as very hardy
aBi fiott swiK and lee into ehtt-
dreJB, hut the golden hover In their nausea
la bkter cofti weather.
Then there are fancy chlahanc, CtoMea
Polish, wtth aaadtnc feailwrc teat took
as if they had been, itopod m gorgeous
dyes, and hteck Psnefc whWe-erosted
fowls, whose snowy bonnets are Mice nod
ding chrysanthemums. Fear Is unknown
in the pbeasantrr, even the ttsstd- ojuail,
says the Philadelphia Ihtwfcw whteh
gives the foregoing mentioned facto,
comes to the young breeder's wMette.
THE THREH BOY KINGS.
Story of Saxon, Qneen Elfrida ani
Her Wielced Botfcsir;
Several hundred years ago Xtegr Sugar,
a boy of 18, ascended the BngMsh throne.
He was catted the Peaaeful; why, K la
bard to say, for he waa up to as many
plots and villainies as a had hoy could be.
The kin? one day heard of a girl that
was said to be wonderfully bonutKu, Ho
thought if this were so he would make
her his queen. So he sent Atheiwold,
his favorite courtier, all the way to her
father's castle to find out aheut it
When Athelwohl got there he found sho
waft- reaHy very beaatKhU and immedi
ately f ett In love with her himself. Then,
instead of saying anything- .to the kins
about It. he married her himself. When
he returned he told the king a his He.
He- said that she was rleh, but ugly,
and therefore he married her himself
Now the klofr did not beHevo this. So
he prepared to calt on the young- couple.
Athelwofd. seared almost to death, told
his wife to make herself look hideous, or
else the king might do something doead
ful to him. But his wife XKrhta Mk
most young ladles, couldn't hear to raak-a
herself look ugly, espeeialty as the king
waa coming to eat!, so she dressed la her
best gown and received him with her
most charming smile. Of course the king
fell in love with her, too and wfeked
man that he was her had poor AthetweM
murdered and then he married hie widow,
Elfrida had a son whom she wastes
to- have made king when Sugar died, but
Dunstan, the old monk, made another
boy king. His name wa Bdward. Oao
day Edward was paoolng the- castle where
Elfrida lived with bar Httl hoy Btiteked.
The king, wtehmg to he- plsnonnt. stopped
to- see them, and wMIe ho was- talking
to- the IKtle boy, the old queen, Stfrida,
told one of her servants to go around on
the other side of the king, who was on
horseback, and when he wasn't looking
to stab him. And the man did. That
waa the end of the- poor king called Bd
ward the Martyr.
The wicked Queen Elfrida then put. her
son Ethelred on the throne, and he ruled
for about 36 years. Ha waa guHty of
bringing about the very worst crime that
has ever been committed on BngHsh. sett.
He ordered the kitting on a certain night
of every Dane man, woman or child
hi the whole-country. Hundred of these
Danes had- married UngMsh pooolo and
wue quiet, peaeaabie folk. When, the
Danish king heard of it he caMectod a
great fleet of warships and earma over,
captured England and laid it waee. The
weak BngHsh king fled to another country
and stayed there tHI just heshro h died,
and one historian snys that the only
good thing hr ever did wae to ato-, and.
says the New York Herald mv toMmr the
story, we- guess he wan right. So ended
i .t.. . r i - i.
" lOIil ". I.HWW OWf MngB.
Mamma- Elephant Helps the DectorY
The intelligence of the elephant fcr well
known and Is Illustrated in an interesting
incident, as follows, says the Chicago
Times-Herakl, A young baby elephant
had received a severe wound in its head.
the pain of which rendered K so frantie
proached it ran oft wtth fury and would
suffer no pevson to come within several
yards ef It
The man who had charge of It at last
hit upon a eentrlvanee tor seeucing It.
By a few signs and words he made the
mother know whajt was wasted. The sen
sible creature seizod her young one with
her trunk and hold it ftrmiy down, though,
groaning with agony, while the- eucgean
completely arooeod the wound, and sho
J continuea. t8 perform thjj servtoe every
day until the animal w perfectly mcov-
"Wasted to Be Pure.
A mother waa putting the little ones
to bed, and was astonished to hear her
youngest baby girl make the following
"Oh, God Hear my papa and mamma,
and dear, good Mr. God, please ten grand
ma hot to spank mo again, for It hurte so
bad; and, dear God; have a new nose- put
on Rosy, my sweet Nttle doH; and. eh.
Lord, make me Just like baking powder "
At this strange appeal the Httle one's
mother asked her why" she prayed to the
f Lord to make her just like baking powder.
The little tot replied- "Because want
to be 'aheoratory pur,' "
My ScsL is te. snow, but In rain.
My second' Is m ache, but net in pain.
My third to hi ran and ales m raee .
Myftfwth Is m -vtotfe, tout as Hi race. I
My flf hh Is in hovee. but net tot cow
My sSttf ar in ushuetiv. mm not in bow.
MyaeVesU" is m pen, but not In ink
My eighth to la rea bttt Mac At ptak
My ninth to to eream. "tot not in milk.
My tenth is In thread, but not m eitk
My eleventh is in wealthy, hoc not hi poeci
Mywhofet- is an author you've heard of, Vm
My first fe
rny second is a
f ,H?fHaH5 L2 J !2Lmy br0tl1
I 6s. to mat mMher. My whole la a great
An old. mind beggar had a brother.
That brother died one day but ho who
dfed bad no brother. What relation wxa