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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE 3IORXIXG OREGONIAN", THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1919.
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PORTLAND. THURSDAY, FEB. 13, 1919.
A FIGHT FOB JITST KAn.RO AD RATES.
The importance of the step taken
by all the public bodies representing
the commercial interests of Portland
in bringing the suit before the inter
state commerce commission regard
ing railroad rates in the Columbia
river basin should be appreciated by
every citizen of Portland. It marks
the end of hesitation and doubt, of
fear to offend this or that railroad
or interest, of the delusion that Port
land commerce can as well be carried
on at Astoria as at Portland. It is a'
declaration of war on a great wrong
which was done to Portland when the
first railroad tariff for the North Pa
cific coast was framed and which has
been fortified year by year ever since
until the greater part of the com
merce that by every economic law
should have been at Portland has been
transferred to other ports. - Duty to
their own interests and to their city
demands that all citizens of Portland
enlist their energy in this war for
plain justice, and that they stay in
the war till it is won.
The position taken by Portland in
this claim to railroad rates regulated
by its location is so firmly founded
on equity that it cannot be contro
verted. Railroad rates should be in
proportion to cost of service, and, in
the absence of other means of trans
portation, to distance. Railroad men
do not attempt to deny that it costs
less, materially less, to haul freight on
a water grade such as that from the 1
intermountain country to Portland,
than over a range of mountains. Yet
railroads using this water grade col
lect the same rate to Portland as
other roads collect for hauling freight
over the Cascade mountains to Puget
sound. The economy is so great that
lor the same rate they actually haul
freight through Portland or past its
doors up the west side of the moun
tains to the sound.
Nature gave Pprtland a better posi
tion to conduct commerce economic
ally than any point on Puget sound
or lower down the Columbia river.
The benefits accruing from this com
merce have been filched away from
Portland and given to other ports, amd
the profits of the more economical
route have gone into the treasuries of
the railroads. The railroads and the
interstate commerce commission have
theoretically rebuilt across the Colum
bia river gorge the mountain which
the legendary gods tore down. These
makers of rates have blotted from
their ken one of the most marvelous
facts of nature in the Pacific North
west the fact that a mighty river cut
through a towering range of moun
tains a road by which man might
travel unimpeded to the sea.
Even if that theoretical mountain
stood where the Columbia cuts through
its gorge, the rates would still be un
just, foi; with scarcely an exception
the distance from interior points is
substantially less to Portland than to
Puget sound. If the cost of transpor
tation per mile were the same to Port
land as to the sound, the rate should
be less, but is the same without re
gard to distance or to the character
of the route. Thus- is one discrimina
tion heaped upon another.
There is but one just starting point
in making railroad rates, and all other
considerations should be subordinate
to it; that is, cost of service. No moral
right exists to collect the same rate
for transportation over a water grade,
where operation is cheap, as over a
mountain route, where operation is
costly. It is discrimination in favor
of the port having the less favorable
location, and against the port of
which the location is more favorable.
On the face of it such a rate is ex
cessive and unduly enriches the car
rier at the expense of the producer
and consumer. Some idea of the de
gree of this extortion may be formed
from the distance which the North
Bank and O.-W. R. & N. roads haul
traffic after reaching Portland in
order to deliver it on Puget sound
without additional compensation. It
is not to be presumed that they do
this without profit for the total haul.
Hence the cost of this extra haul is
about the measure of the excessive
rate which Portland pays. There is
another way of gauging the excess.
General H. M. Chittenden, formerly
chairman of the Seattle dock commis
sion, has actually proposed that the
roads serving Puget sound cut a tunnel
thirty miles long under the entire
Cascade range and change their lines
to run through it in order to eliminate
the delays and expense of the moun
tain route and to remove the danger
that Portland may win the contention
which it now makes. The cost of that
work will approach $50,000,000, and
the interest on that sum is, therefore,
approximately the exaction which
Portland now suffers.
On the same principles distance
and cost of service Portland asks
that the present equality of rates from
the interior to Portland and to Astoria
be done away with. The reason is
simple the distance to Astoria is 110
miles greater. The existing parity can
only be defended on one theory that
it costs nothing to haul freight those
extra 110 miles, which is an obvious
absurdity. The theory is advanced by
men whose interests are centered
chiefly in Astoria and vicinity, though
they profess a broad interest in Co
lumbia river commerce generally, that
the Columbia and Willamette valleys
from Portland to the sea constitute
one grand port, and that it matters
not in what part of that area com
merce is done or industries are estab.
lished, Portland will get the benefit.
That theory is contrary to the experl-
ence of all other ports at the head of
deep water navigation on rivers, and
is also contrary to common sense. As
such ports grow, they grow down
river, just as Portland has grown down
to St. Johns, but they do not jump a
hundred miles of mountain, forest and
farm to extend themselves. The place
for Portland shipping-, commerce and
manufactures is at Portland. The
place fqj Astoria's shipping- is at
Astoria. That city is welcome to any
business it can get on its merits, and
it has many.
Portland has begun what may prove
to be a long, hard fight. Powerful
interests of cities and corporations will
be arrayed against it, and they will
seek to sanctify wrong because it has
been established for nearly forty
years. But all interests in the city
are united and, if they keep their
minds clear of the sophistries which
have been current of late, they will
continue a determined fight and will
win, for the justice of their cause can
not be successfully denied.
THE GOOSE AND THE GOLDEN EGO.
The shipyard workers at Seattle ap
pear determined to deprive them
selves wholly of employment for the
next six or seven weeks. They have
been idle since January 20, when they
struck, because of dissatisfaction with
the workings of the Macy award, to
which they had subscribed. Alto
gether, if they carry out their purpose
to hold fast, they will have been idle
for a total of ten weeks, or more.
Their loss in wages will aggregate
millions of dollars; the loss to the
shipbuilders will also be very great;
but it is not clear that the loss to the
government, which is furnishing the
money, and all of it, to the Seattle
contractors, will be anything.
In the present situation the strike
may be a real gain to Washington.
The government does not anncar
over-anxious to prosecute in peace a
war programme for ships under con
ditions and at costs determined largely
by war necessities.
Probably the leaders of the strike
are determined to show that they
stand for the sollBartty of labor, and
what they lose in wages they will
gain in prestige. What they have lost
in prestige through Tailure of the
sympathetic strike it will take quite
a while to retrieve. Possibly they can
do it by March 31. Anyway, they will
try it. Just now the world knows
there is no such thing as the solidarity
of labor when based on the right to
strike for wrong ends. When labor
is right the public will be sympathetic;
and solidarity may not then be found
to be a mere term, but a fact.
The underlying and, significant
truth of the present situation is that
the shipworkers' strike is against the
government. It arises wholly out of
issues between the workers and the
Emergency Fleet corporation. If the
fleet corporation, through General
Manager Piez, .stands firm, as seems
quite likely, all the pressure the work
ers have brought to bear on the em
ployers and people of Seattle will
have been wholly futile. It will not
be very difficult for Mr. Piez, three
thousand miles away from the scene
of the active controversy, to wait se
renely for the Macy contract to expire.
If the strikers are not ready to go
back to their jobs now, presumably
they will want to go back after March
31, on new terms. But it is an open
question whether there will be any
jobs for them. What assurance have
they that the government will con
tinue indefinitely to build ships?
What assurance that the people who
furnish the money, through taxes and
bonds, will be willing to pay indefi
nitely nearly twice as much per ship
as it cost before the war began?
The attitude of the strikers, in view
of the doubtful status of government
built ships, and the passing of the war
emergency, is most perplexing. They
are quite within their rights, how
ever or will be after March 31
when they refuse to build ships. The
government will also be within its
rights when it decides that there will
be no more ships to build.
THE SPIRIT WORLD.
The statement of Sir Arthur Conan
Doyle's conversion to spiritualism,
made by himself in a book which he
has named "The New Revelation,"
will serve to awaken a pleasing specu
lative interest in the minds even of
those who remain Unconvinced by the
testimony which he adduces, and the
primitive properties which he de
scribes as having been utilized bv
some of the spirits of his acquaintance
in making themselves known to mor
tals here on earth. It can do no harm
to compare the picture of "heaven'
wnicn Sir Arthur draws with the
heaven of our own ideals. Some will
doubt that he has made the place as
inviting as it might be; this will de
pend upon the point of view, and the
experience, of the individual.
For example, we are led to believe
that husbands and wives seldom meet
in the other world. Undoubtedly, if
we are to judge from the records of
our courts of domestic relations, this
win accentuate the heavenly character
of the place in the minds of many, but
there are others, too, to whom accept
ance of the notion would bring deep
sorrow. The latter class will not be
converted by Dr. Doyle's writings,
since we are so prone to believe the
things which we like to believe. There
are love affairs in heaven, however,
we are told, but they are on a "dif
ferent plane." This has a familiar
sound, the unsatisfying vagueness
wnicn characterizes all writings unon
the subject about which most people
wuuiu line to Know all tflo details.
inere seems to be justice in the
promise that as spirits we shall first
or an have a- good, lone rest when
first we leave our bodies. esDeeiallv
it we nave Deen exceedingly busy in
mis me. isut the meaning of "rest
is not furnished us, and we are left
to speculate whether it is to take the
form of complete idleness which
might easily become irksome to an
active human being or whether it is
to consist of a change of occunatinn
such as mundane authorities agree is
me oest possible antidote for fatie-no
When they have rested, however, they
Bia.uua.iiy lose interest in this world
and gravitate to some more distant
state. Nothing more is heard of from
them. But it might be expected that
they would behave differently. We
can think of no more agreeable occu
pation for them than devotintr them
selves to the uplifting of the loved
ones whom they left behind. Surely
their heaven must be left incomplete.
learning ior Knowledge pf the life
beyond the grave is as natural as the
instinct of self-preservation, and ac
counts for the efforts of such men as
Sir Arthur, and also of Sir Oliver
Ixjdge, Arthur Hill, Gerald Balfour,
Professor Barrett and others, to bridge
the chasm that separates us from the
great beyond. But it is disappointing
that those who sincerely believe that
they have established communication
with the other world still fail to ob
tain, .concrete information upon the
points that all would like to see cleared
up. In definiteness the modern in
vestigators do not seem to have im
proved much upon their table-tipping
progenitors. Their fancies betray the
same old human limitations. The
simpler questions still remain unanswered.
THREE WISE MEN".
The reassuring message comes from
Washington, through The Oregonian
News bureau, that the three represen
tatives for Oregon in congress are not
for Jim Mann for speaker. The con
fidential suggestion is offered, how
ever, that the "meat" of the opposi
tion to him there is a mild flavor of
delicate suggestiveness about that lit
tle word "meat" is not the juicy
steaks he got as donations from a
packing concern, nor the saddle horse,
nor his war record, nor his general
unfitness; but his provincial attitude
of disfavor toward western interests.
It may be taken for granted that
any of these reasons is adequate to
disqualify Mann from consideration.
No Oregon man should be enthusiastic,
of course, about the speakership am
bitions of a congressman who gives
no further thought to Oregon than
its three votes; but the candidate who
is for Oregon, which Mann is not, and
against the larger interests of the
nation, which Mann is, should get no
votes from Oregon or anywhere out
side of Germany.
The painful statement is also made
by our Washington correspondent that
Representative Johnson of Washing
ton (Hoquiam), and Representative
Miller of Washington (Seattle), are
for Mann. They are a long way from
STRANGE NEWS ABOUT FISH.
The Washington legislators who
came over to Portland the other day,
to confer with a committee of the
Oregon legislature on the mutually
interesting and important subject of
fish, are back at Olympia, and they
have strango things to say about the
results of their deliberations. For
example, here is a paragraph from the
letter of an Olympia correspondent:
The Oregon committee, it was explained.
opposes any measure, confining fishing rights
to American citizens ana any change in the
law which would compel fishermen to meet
expenses of the state fish and game depart
ment. The present law, said the Washing
ton conferees, enables the largest part of
fish caught In the Columbia to escape taxa
tion, while Oregon raises the expenses of
its department by taxing the general tax
payer instead of the fishermen. Washing
ton's fisheries department has been self-sustaining
for six years.
Probably the Oregon conferees have
a different understanding of the re
sults of the conference. We hear so.
They are willing, so it is said, to Amer
icanize the fishing personnel and the
fishing industry of the Columbia so
far as it may be done now, with a
gradual, complete Americanization.
We hope so. But the time is short,
and they must be heard from soon,
if at all, during the present session of
FIRST JOB FOR THE LEAGUE.
The conduct of Japan toward China
and the plea of the latter country to
the peace conference suggest that one
of the first duties of the five great
powers may be. to exert the authority
of the League of Nations against one
of themselves, while the league is still
in process of incubation. Japan shows
contempt for several of the fourteen
points. It prefers secret treaties to
open covenants. It disregards self
determination of nations by attempt
ing to hold the piece of China which
it took from Germany. It tries to hold
Shantung in defiance of its promise
when it declared war on Germany to
return it to China. Its claim is based
on conquest, not on a mandate from
the League of Nations.
The peace conference will have done
its work Imperfectly if it should not
release China from all the shackles
which other nations have fastened on
it. The country is so bound up with
concessions and spheres of influence
that its government is not free to act,
competition among investors is stifled
and development is blocked. All the
nations have offended and all alike
should make amends. They should
renounce all their special privileges
and those of their citizens and force
Japan to do likewise, leaving the Chi
nese government free to contract for
railroads and other public enterprises
and to sell or lease mines.
There is no disposition to deny
Japan the advantage arising from
proximity and from better knowledge
of the country, its customs and lan
guage than any other nation possesses.
but Japan has no preferred claim
Japan surely knows better than to
imagine that it is the only source from
which China can draw capital. Ameri
can capital in abundance is ready for
Chinese enterprises, asking only a fair
field and no favor, and would have
gone in more abundantly but for the
spheres of influence which blocked
OPEN CHINA TO THE WORLD.
Attention of the peace conference
Is so taken up with the freedom of
the nations of Europe and Western
Asia that little thought has been given
to that of Eastern Asia, yet China in
particular needs freedom from some
of the nations which have fought most
strenuously to make Europe free.
While the door to China is at least
nominally open, the door to many sec
tions of China is actually closed by
these very nations as well as by those
against which they have fought.
The facts and their effect are well
stated in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer
by W. F. Carey, of the contracting
firm which has obtained concessions
from the Chinese government for the
construction of several hundred miles
of railroad, and he speaks from his
own experience and observation
European nations and their citizens
have extorted or wheedled out of the
Chinese government spheres of influ
ence or exclusive areas within which
they alone are priviliged to build rail
roads or engage in certain industries.
When a man of any other nation seeks
to enter or cross these reservations, he
is solemnly warned off, though the
privileged foreigner may have done
nothing in exercise of his rights and
may intend to do nothing, and his gov
ernment backs him. The consequence
is that development of China is ob
structed by the foreigners who have
gone there on the pretense of develop
ing it. How effectual is the practice
in preventing development and in
keeping the Chinese poor is shown by
one illustration of Mr. Carey. Wheat
sells in Szechuan province at 12 cents
a bushel, though the price at Shang
hai is a dollar. It could be carried
by railroad to Shanghai at a cost not
exceeding 26 cents, but a sphere of in
fluence obstructs the building of that
While these spheres of influence
and exclusive rights remain, the in
dependence and integrity of China
are myths, and development of the
country cannot progress. China has as
much right to. self-determination and
complete independence as Bohemia
oi8 Poland. The American delegates at
Paris could not do a better service to
the United States, China and the world
than by calling upon all the nations
represented there to annul all special
privileges in China, and throw the
country open to the enterprise of all
nations- on terms to be fixed by its
own government without any of the
coercion which has disgraced the past
relations of the western nations with
that country. By that means China
can be lifted from poverty, its great
wealth can be placed at the service
of the world, and its commerce can
be increased by an increase in the
buying power of its people.
AN INTELLECTUAL IWTRIOT.
There were in the disciplinary bar
racks at Fort Leavenworth 109 men
who had refused to serve in either the
combatant or non-combatant branch
of the army. They were not members
of any recognized religious sect which
has conscientious objections to war.
But a few days ago Secretary of War
Baker ordered their release with full
pay for the entire time of their con
finement. Men who served and fought and won
still wait for their pay. months in
arrears, and their families wait for
their allowances. They see these
slackers walk out of prison and draw
from $400 to $600 in back pay, and
they draw comparisons which are not
to the credit of the government. A
soldier who had just returned from
There Isn't an enlisted man in the army
who has saved 1 100 from bis pay. And
here are these fellows, released prisoners,
walking away with what seems to the rest
of us a email fortune.
That incident prompted the Kansas
legislature to adopt a resolution of
protest, in which it said:
The action of the secretary of war has
brought the blush of shame to the cheeks of
all patriotic Americans, is an insult to the
United States army and has placed a pre
mium upon slackerism, cowardice and
How can the seemingly inexplicable
conduct of Secretary Baker be ex
plained? Those 109 favored ones seem
to the average man the most con
temptible of all slackers. A Quaker
would scorn to be classed with them,
for, though tire Quakers refuse to
fight, they do not refuse to serve in
war. They accept non-combatant serv
ice and go under fire to save the
wounded, but the 109 refused to serve
in any way. Yet Mr. Baker shows a
fellow feeling for them. Perhaps it is
because, he being a pacifist, patriotism
is not a spontaneous impulse with him,
and he convinced himself by some
intellectual process that he ought to
Perhaps President Wilson told him
to act like a patriot, and he made as
good an effort at it as he could.
After all that has been said about
the delinquencies of the war depart
ment in caring for and paying soldiers,
it is still miserably deficient. It does
not even provide the bare necessaries
of water, food and heat to wounded
men while traveling. Senator Suther
land caused a letter to be read to the
senate which he had received from
the Red Cross chapter at Parkersburg,
W. Va., calling attention to "the lack
of care being given wounded sol
diers transported via Parkersburg" and
Complaints are made from time to time of
ack of water, heat and proper food on the
trains, liuring this month the canteen here
has furnished M.io men with some character
of food and refreshment. There. Is a luck
of system and uniformity with referenco to
the arrangements and. thererore. a great
deal of confusion exists, and the canteen is
being called upon to bear expenses out of ail
proportion to the size of our chapter and
the condition of our treasury.
While this callous neglect con
tinucs we are in a poor position to
talk about the cruelties perpetrated
in the German prison camps, for the
difference is only in degree.
The 3,700,000 rifles and 2,000,000,
000 rounds of ammunition which have
been returned to ordnance storehouses
in the United' States probably will be
out of date before we have need of
them again, but nobody regrets that
we made them when we did.
After the army's 6ervice of supply
has gained experience with barges on
the Rhine and Scheldt, it can show
us how to revive transportation on in
The senate failed to make stealing
an automobile a capital offense, but
it did very well. Some of the senators
who think they know bad boys have
much to learn.
The opulent citizen, stirred by stories
of the needs of suffering children
abroad, will not withhold a mite from
a movement designed to help the chil
dren at home.
TlortnT-f ntirtn rf ''r&Aiz9 erVntlniifve: Thi
American people are willing to trust
to orderly evolutionary processes by
which they have risen to their present
When Lenine asked, "How soon will
the revolution get to America?" he
was evidently expecting news from
Seattle, but he reckoned without Ole
A good effect of fads and fancies
is in keeping a lot of people busy who
might otherwise be making more or
less trouble without knowing it.
The Seattle bolsheviki tried in vain
to save their faces by ordering the
strike on again for a few hours, for,
once off, it stayed off.
It is all very welt to welcome the
returning soldiers with the glad hand
and the open heart, but the open job
Several women are on a jury to try
a man at Olympia charged with wife
murder, and we shall see what we
The new income tax will fasten the
attention of more citizens than ever
upon the expenditures of our govern
A commission to outline a peace
plan for the peace conference will be
in order after Sunday.
Now that Ebert, the saddler, is in
the saddle, let us see how long he can
ride without a fall.
Why not sharpen all of the fourteen
points and stick them into Germany?
Speed the German ships, bringing
our own men home!
The wind is right for fair weather
and it Is timely.
Buy that valentine today and mail it
Axe you eating' emclt
Stars and Starmakers.
II y Leone Cans Baer.
TT OUSEWIFE" on "Homemakers'
XI page," says: "In a few years
nearly all cider will be hard."
Reckon she means hard to get.
William Hohenzollern, who had a
birthday recently, is the only living
proof of Dr. Osier's theory that a man
ceases to be of use to the world when
he attains three score years.
m m m
was granted a divorce last Tuesday
in Chicago from Elmer L. Ohrman on
the ground of non-support. Her hus
band is a Chicago stock broker.
Madame Chllcon-Ohrman has ap
peared here on the Orpheum circuit.
One of the most sensational stories
in Chicago history came in the
Field-Marsh scandal , when it ap
peared through depositions filed
against the estate of the late Henry
Field, grandson of the late Marshall
Field, that Field was the father of a
soa .born to Evelyn NIarsh, whom he
met while she was a chorus girl in
London. The girl is a New Yorker
and is now in New York with the
child. Her attorney is former Govern
A $100,000 settlement was made, but
this is not final and the child Is claim
ing to be sole heir to $50,000,000, as
the Marshall Field will provides that
Henry's share be given him or his es
tate at a future time. The law will
ve to construe whether the boy. born
out of wedlock and suing as Henry
Marsh, is legal "issue."
The girl has made no claim that
Field either married her or promised
to, but tells frankly of their .relations
and names several friends who visited
them in ' London, including another
American multi-millionaire department
store eclon, John Wanamaker. Wana
maker some years ago was sued by a
Follies'" chorus girl in a similar mat
ter, but charged blackmail. Youths
Field married, though he had taken the
Marsh girl and the child to New York
and was maintaining them, and he died
a few months ago of influenza. The
estate, which is beyond $200,000,000 in
value, the richest in Chicago, is not
fighting the girl, but desires a legal
verdict on the status of the Marsh
child as an heir. Field's widow got
only about $140,000, as he had not yet
come into the bulk of his inheritance,
and she ceased to bo his wife on his
death, but the child, if legally in
dorsed, will, of course, continue to be
his son and may therefore share during
his lifetime and pass on the Inheritance
to any of his "issue," in which event
he will participate in an estate which
it is estimated will be worth $S0,000.
000 by his maturity.
Carleton Chase, well known in Port
land theatrical circles, died in South
Africa last month of Influenza. He
was beet known in San Francisco, hav
ing formerly been a member of the
Kolb & Dill company.
Vaudeville will again see Petrova.
She startsa tour at Keith's. Washing
ton, next week, and will do a "single
turn" of dramatic readings, songs and
Mrs. Guy Bates Post (Adele Ritchie)
Is playing a bit In "The Masquerader."
of which Post is the star. They are in
New York on their way back from an
"The Fortune Teller," by Leighton
Graves Osmun, with Marjorie Rambeau
featured, under the management of
Arthur Hopkins, is scheduled to open
in New York February 24.
Some of Xew York's box-office cus
todians are personally collecting canes
for wounded soldiers now In New York
base hospitals. WThiIe many things
have been provided for the personal
comfort of the soldiers and sailors,
canes or walking sticks to support
those not forced to use crutches had
Mrs. Vernon Castle, who has been
abroad for nearly six months doing war
work in Europe, returned to New York
aboard the Adriatic January 31.
Since Mrs. Castle left New York she
has been reported engaged to Tom
Powers, now with the London produc
tion of "Oh, Boy!" This, however, has
Mrs. Castle received offers from both
sides of the ocean for both pictures and
stage work, but up to Wednesday of
this week had not signed with any
body. Vaudeville agents are after 4ier
to return in a new dancing act, but
Mrs. Castle is on record as saying that
she never would form a turn with an
other male partner, and that she never
cared much for "vaudevllling" anyway
when there was any picture work
Captain Eddie Rickenbacker, Amer
ica's premier ace and former auto rac
ing daredevil, now back in New York
after IS months of army and aviation
service abroad, may be seen in vaude
ville for a few weeks if present nego
tiations go through and he Is willing to
try the stage game.
Rickenbacker recently was the guest
of honor at a big dinner given by the
Xew York Automobile association and
has been the recipient of nil kinds of
newspaper attention since his return.
Rickenbacker has gone to Washing
ton, with his future depending upon
what action the war department takes
after he reports there. His proposed
vaudeville engagement would include
the principal cities, with the "ace" re
citing a few personal experiences of
aerial warfare in bringing down Hun
. Two New York theatrical men have
approached Rickenbacker and are
awaiting his decision.
This may be a press agent's fabrica
tion, but it may not be, and in cither
event it is unique:
During the last few years Leo Dit
richstein has been buying up a for
tune in money. The character star has
acquired several hundred thousand lire
in Italian money. Ditrichstein has
voiced his intention to settle down in
Italy, where he has an estate, after he
retires from the stage.
During the war there were times
when the value of the Italian lire was
on the market with a quotation of as
low as 10 3-5 cents. The currency value
of the coin in normal times is the same
as that of the franc, which is 19 4-5
The actor is said to have invested
about $100,000 in the Italian currency
at the time when the market was at its
lowest, obtaining about 1.000,000 lire
for it. The present market value is
above 18 cents and in New York there
is a premium on the money this week
because of its scarcity on this side of
Those Who Come and Go. j
That it will take England four years
to reconstruct her hopyards, during
w-hich time the Oregon raisers will
profit, is the opinion of E. X. Young.
Although Great Britain does not im
port all of this country's hop produc
tion, that part going to other countries
Is f mall. The English take the larger
part of It. Mr. Young was origlnally
one of Oregon's big hop growers and
is now retired, but still living on his
rented ranch of 123 acres near Inde
pendence. "Hops are booming at this
time and selling for 40 cents a pound."
said the sage of Independence yester
day. "Jobbers can contract for crops of
next year at 30 cents, and for the next
three years at 25. I only wish I had
stayed in the business. In former
years the price has varied from 2'j
cents to 40 cents, which has been the
maximum. Xo. Oregon is not raising as
many as she did before prohibition
hit the country. Lots of former hop
patches are now planted In grain and
different kinds of farm products." Mr.
Young is at the Imperial hotel.
Spending the day with Lawrence A.
Spangler, with whom he opened the
A. G. Spalding & Bros, brance in Port
land in October. 1913. was Edward J
William Andrews, veteran of the 7th
battalion, Canadians. Mr. Andrews en
listed in the Canadian army in Augirst.
1917, and has seen much of the service
for which the Canucks are now cele
brated. In the fighting on Hill 70 dur
ing March 14 of last year, Mr. Andrews
was severely wounded, being released
from an English hospital In December
as a result. He arrived at the Terkins
Hotel from Vancouver, B. C, on his
way to San Francisco, whero he will
book passage to his homo city. Glenelg.
South Australia. Mr. Andrews went
from Portland to Victoria, where lie
obtained his "boot" training. After
visiting his folks he will return to
California and serve as secretary to a
wealthy rancher friend who has a
large estate near San Francisco.
Around the lintels cf 5?nn Vi-.j n o i
patrons are warned to be on the look
out ior tne old trick of the loaded cigar.
Some inventive genius has put out one
that contains rireworks and when
it betrins to shoot the air is fill..! witn
set pieces representing men on horse-
oack, rencu trenches and the retreat
of the Huns. W. H. Harl, financier
and investor of Helena. Mont., who is
at the Multnomah, avers that these
things 'are true and that lie saw a
parade of wonderful pictures when a
friend slipped him one of the cigars in
the lobby of the Palace last week. He
says that cigar produced the entire
battle of Chateau Thierry before he
could smother it.
H. W. Teague. representative of the
Washington administration for the en
couragement of public building at this
time in order to give employment to re
turned soldiers, and who left the Mult
nomah last night for San Francisco, is
an active hotel man In private life. He
conducts hotels in Chicago and in the
mountains of Pennsylvania. Before
leaving Portland Mr. Teague sent a let
ter to the hotel management in which
he congratulated Portland on its great
Jack Xelson built a railroad near
Astoria for the spruce division while
the war was going on. He served as
general manager of the division in the
Clatsop county district and has Just
been, released. Formerly with Porter
Bros., Mr. Xelson Is one or the prom
inent railroad constructors in this
vicinity. He Is at the Oregon.
In charge of the western restrict for
Armour Ai Co. is Charles H. Hidden,
registered at the Oregon from Chicago.
Ire Is going over the ground with L. 10.
Beebe. thts company's agent in the
northwest. Mr. Beebe is a cousin of
Brigadier-General Charles F. Beebe.
adjutant general of the national guard
E. McQueen and W. W. I.loyd. stock
men of Kobnnett, Dr.. were at the Im
perial yesterday. Mrs. McQueen was
With her husband, who is Just back
rrom Seattle, where he took a carload
of steers. Robanett is near Prlneville.
After spending this much of the Win
ter in California. Anthony Mohr is in
Portland on his way to his home in
Baker. He Is a mining man and is
registered at the CornelitiB hotel.
Motoring to Portland. Mr. and Mrs.
J. 15. Lord reached the Imperial yes
terday. Mr. Lord is president of the
Boston Varnish company, of Boston.
J. E. Hough, who is in the bond
business in Spokane, is at the Benson.
Connected with the Prouty Lumber
company of Astoria is Bert A. Prouty,
who is at the Oregon.
Judge George ;. Bingham and Mrs.
Bingham are at the Imperial from Sa
lem. Dr. W. W. Allen and Mrs. Allen arc
registered at the Imperial from .Mill
L. F. Swift of Swift tS- Co. is at Ihe
Portland. He is registered from Chi
John M. Tutt, Christian Science lec
turer of Kansas City, is at the Port
land. Rev. John H. Matthews is at the
Portland. He is widely known in Se
attle. Mr. and Mrs.'f!. W. Swarts are at the
Rita hotel. Mr. Swartx is with the
Uainier Lumber company.
Dr. H. J. Clements and Mrs. Clements
are at the hotel Seward from Salem.
A prominent lumber mill "man in
Springfield. Or., if) Carl E. Fischer, at
Mark May, well-known citizen of
Marshfield, is at the Multnomah.
Judge J. S. Rorick of The Dalles Is
at the Portland.
TIIOSK WITH IS HIT SOT OK IS
FerMiatent Failure to Declare Alleg
iance Should (auxe Deportation.
P.EEDSPORT, Or., Feb. 11. (To the
Editor.) The deportation of enemy
aliens is a subject which I think oupht
to be brought betore the people to be
voted upon. and. believe, me. if every
body feels os I do, they will bo voted
out to a man.
It is surely plain enough to see where
the. heart is when they will stay here
years and years and never make any
effort to take out their papers. If
asked why they don't they give some
flimsy cxuse that won't hold water.
When times are normal they do not
hesitate to sing the praises of their
beloved "fatherland." but we don't hear
them singing any praises for the coun
try that Is yielding them their main
tenance this great and glorious United
If they do not think enough of her
to pledge their allegiance to her ami
then keep their pledge, then they had
better go hack to their beloved "father
land." When we open our doors to
Hit in and they come in and Insult us.
it seems to me that it is time to turn
1 was born in Indiana and have lived
in four states of our Union, and 1 love
every rock, every tree, every stream,
every foot of land that belongs to the
United States. It seems to me that
there is no room here for nnyone who is
not loyal to the flag.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Years Ago.
From The Orcsonlan of Kbruary IS. ISO.
Chicago. Chicago was visited today
by the wildest hurricane ever seen in
Paris. Twenty-eight persons were
injured in a bomb explosion in a hotel.
The new fish hatchery at the mouth
of Knowles creek on the Umpqua river
has been completed.
San Francisco. The trans-Mississippi
commercial congress will ' con
vene here tomorrow.
Fifty Years Ago.
From The Orejronlan of February 1". ISr.O.
Havana Captain-General l'ulce has
sent the basis of an amicable agree
ment to Spain.
Information comes from San Fran
cisco that a steamship company has
been formed in that city for the pur
pose of running a line of steamers reg
ularly between San Francisco and
From the new directorv of Mr. Me-
Cormack. we learn that the present
population oi 1'ortland Is ,9S0. beinir
an increase or 1-63 over the population
of last year. 'The increase since 1S60
Market quotation Hoc:!, TJTS cents a
pound; good mutton sheep 2'I4 a
head; eggs. 22 cents; wool, per pound.
UUII.DIX; UP ,V UIIEAT PAPUIt
Steady Work and Heal Capability Cre
ated The Oregoninn.
WuMiington State Weekly.
While the popular impression has
been In the contrary, the fact remains
that the majority of the greatest daily
newspapers of the United States were
not financed by capitalists but were
founded ami carried through to great
success by working printers, mechanics
who had learned their trades thorough
ly, saved their money and made their
investments in printing plants. The
New York Tribune, founded by Horace
Greeley, and the Xew York Herald,
founded by the elder James Gordon
Bennett, are two of the most familiar
instances. Greeley, an American, and
Bennett, a Scotchman, worked for years
at their trade before they were in a
position tu start the two newspapers
which later became the foremost news
papers ot the American continent, a po
sition from which they have never been
The Pacific Northwest furnishes one
of the many striking instances of the
great newspaper properties built up by
mechanics starting in life with no ad
vantages not common to all other
young men of their age, in the case of
the Portland Oregonian, the publisher
or which newspaper has died within the
past few days, at a great age.
Henry L. Pittock was born in London,
son of a working printer. His father
immigrated to the United States when
Pittock was a child of lour, and after
wards established a printing plant in
Pittsburg. It was In his father's office
that Mr. Pittock learned the rudiments
of his trade. Stories of the Oregon
country reached him while a youth, and
find his ambition to seek the farthest
west In search of fortune. With his
brother he made his way to St. Joseph.
Missouri, and there, in 1S;2. joined a
wagon train bound fur the Oregon
country. After months of toilsome
Journey across the plains they finally
reached the vlllaite of Portland.
The history of The Oregonian has
been along the lines of the himory of
the entire Pacific Xorthvrcst. It became
one of the great newspapers of the
whole United States, largely, of course,
from the splendid editorial work tC
dnrvfy W. 5cott. whom Mr. Pittock
early retained to take editorial charge
of its columns, while he devoted him
self to tiie mechanical and business end
of the paper.
Wealth came rapidly after some 2'1
years of bitter strugcle. and Mr.
Pittock, long before his death, had be
come a heavy investor in numberless
enterprises outside of the newspaper
field, his income from the newspaper,
however, giving him the means for
making these investments.
it is a typical American story of tho
frail, delicate, undersized boy making
his own courageous Ftart in the world
while still far under age. lauding
penniless and barefooted in a raw, new
community and .achieving wealth
through steady, persistent, uiirelcnt ing '
work, enterprise and thrift. The differ
ence between Mr. Pittock's experience
and that of other wealthy men of this
state and Oregon is that he won his
success and achieved wealth in a field
strewn with wrecks, hundreds of thou
sands of dollars having been sunk by
wealthy men in starting and trying to
conduct daily newspapers, while the big
success came to the boy who started
with nothing iut his brains, his cour
age, his thrift and his dauntless energy.
nniQi'KT i-oii a i.ivi-w; crri.Ear
Birthday Congratulations for Henry Fa
Met. Inn From a Portland Admiri
PORTLAND. Feb. 12. (To the
itor.) Why wait until a man is
to throw bououets? Why not
a few at bis living head? Why
pound him on the back occasionally
tell him, "Old fellow, you're top hole.
i oil cannot love him more dead limn
you can alive. With that for a stand
ing start, let us proceed to congratu
late Oregon's "most unique" citizen.
Henry K. McGinn was So years old
Tuesday. To be sure, lie does not look
it. That is because he is Oregon born
and reared and the gentle winters and
the more gentle mists smooth out tho
places where the wrinkles will Hppear
on a less favored mortal. Three scove
years are a Ions: lime for many, but
not for Henry McGinn. He is pretty
much the boy he was when he "swiped"
doughnuts and pies from the pioneer
bakery of his respected father and fed
them to chums, regardless of conse
quence of strap and switch. His step
is as light and springy as in the days
when he ran with the boys and
made love to the girls, and there are
many of the latter in Portland today
to recall with a tear those days when
all the earth was attune. He has to
day the same faculty of smashing con
ventionalities that he had 40 years ago
of speaking from the heart and not
from the head, with the sole exception
that that organ has grown larger, until
one wonders how he can hold it.
He Is tho same Henry McGinn that
he was then and he will he the same
for 40 years more, when he shall be
gathered to his fathers and his namn
will be blessed: and because he is not
running for anything and iR a plain
American citizen, going about doing
good, the writer is pleased to use these
"May his shadow never grow less:"
W. J. C.
I oft drew near to happiness, but found
it pone away
When I had reached the very placo
whore it wa.mraid to Ftay;
And after endless wandering and
searching far and wide,
I learned that only In the mind did hap
I learned that hate and envy could find
a resting place
In funny little corners of our precious
And "til they were dislodged again and
every niche made pure.
There was no chance for happiness to
ever rest secure.
" GRACE E. HALL