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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1915)
VOL.. LV.-XO. 17,135.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BRITAIN HELD ONLY
OBSTACLE TO PEACE
German Says Enemy
Is Already Beaten.-
REALIZATION ALONE LACKING
Balkans Situation Laid to
Fiasco in Dardanelles.
MORE DEFEATS PREDICTED
Maximilian Harden Says Teutons
and Their Allies Are Likely to In
vade Egypt; England Wag
ing Economic Fight.
BY KARL H, VON W1BGAND.
fBy special cable to the New York World.
fopyrtsht. IMS, by the Press Publishing;
Company. Published by arrangement with
BERLIN, via Amsterdam. Oct. 17.
"It la tlm to call a halt in this inhu
man butchery of human beings, bat
who is going to do it? Where is a
great man in the world with the cour
age, brains, energy, power and inspira
tion to bring the warring nations to
their senses and this slaughter to an
endr' said Maximilian Harden, editor
of Die Zukunft, to me today.
"It certainly must be evident now
that the central powers have not been
crushed and that the situation for the
allies was never more discouraging.
Then why keep up this senseless
slaughter of humans and increasing
misery under which the peoples of
Europe will groan many years, when
It is to no purpose?
"So far as achieving their purpose in
this war is concerned, Engjand, Rus
sia, Prance and Italy are defeated, but
have not yet awakened to that realiza
tion." Jldrnmt TTnblaaed by Feeling.
The man who broke up the power
ful and notorious Eulenburg round
table, and sent princes, counts and high
personages to prison or disgrace, never
lets personal feeling Or sentiment af
fect his Judgment nor patriotism blind
him to facts.
' He has never hesitated to criticise
tils own government for mistakes for
which It often has been censured, but
to which it is indifferent. He has the
faculty of seeing the viewpoint of the
other side, and in the German-American
crisis he was one of the men who
held that it would be madness at this
time if Germany should let it come to
a rupture between the two countries
"It is a bad sign when ministers be
gin to resign and get from under." said
Harden, referring to Delcasse's retire
ment, rumors from Sassanow and the
attacks on Grey.
"The Balkan diplomatic defeat, with
the resultant military developments
and confusion in the camp of the allies,
looks very much like the beginning of
the end. but I cannot yet see any Indi
cations of peace."
Peace Depends on England.
Harden was inclined to think the
uselessness of continuing the slaughter
might be made clear to others, but that
England was not ready to talk peace,
and that peace depended wholly on
"The turn in events in the Balkans
was precipitated by the Dardanelles
fiasco of the English," said Harden.
"The Gallipoli adventure was responsi
ble for developments in the Balkans,
and for that fiasco is responsible one
man Churchill. The present Saloniki
landing is another dilettante operation.
"From Enos to Belgrade are between
1.000,000 and 1.200.000 Turks.Bulgarlans.
Germans, Austrians and Hungarians.
What can an expeditionary corps do
against such an array of troops? One
must stop to consider, how many ships
St takes to land even 100,000 troops,
with all the artillery, wagon trains, ac
cessories and equipment of a modern
army and that with submarines active.
"It is inconceivable that the Eng
lish should expect success there. It
Impresses one as dilettanteism In
Harden was not of the opinion that
the trend of events in the Balkans
against England was due to weak di
plomacy. 'England can thank the Dardanelles
failure for that," he said. "It is in
disputable that all of the Balkan states
were much friendlier to Russia, Eng
land and France than to the central
powers. The Balkans never dreamed
of defeat for the entente, and believed
Turkey would be swept away quickly.
KlaNeo Impreftsei Balkans.
"Whea the allies could not show even
a trace cf success against Turkey and
faced the Dardanelles failure, together
with the Russians' retirement and the
French and English failure to break
the lino In the west, their world simply
fell In upon them In the Balkans.
"Had '.he representatives of the al
lies been the greatest diplomatic gen
iuses the world has ever seen, they
could not haver offset diplomatically the
impression made on the Balkan peo
ples by the Dardanelles fiasco and by
German and Austrian successes in tne
East and West- It was a sorry day
for England when she entered upon
Harden said he was amazed to see
surprise exhibited by the French and
English press over the turn of affairs
in the Balkans, and that, with the
Germans advancing through Serbia to
connect with Constantinople through
Bulgaria, it certainly shot id not have
tCondi4e4 on Fact 5, Column 1.)
1000 BULGARS DIE
WARSHIPS' SHELLS DEMOLISH
BARRACKS AT DEDEAGHATCH.
Occupants Buried in ' Ruins and
Many Others Wounded; Foreign
Consuls Leave for Interior.
LONDON, Oct. 25. The bombardment
of Dedeagach caused the death of
ten civilians and more than a thousand
soldiers, and a large number of sol
diers were wounded, says a dispatch to
the Exchange Telegraph Company from
A large proportion of the military
casualties, the correspondent adds,
were in the barracks which housed the
Fortieth Bulgarian regiment. The bar
racks were crowded with soldiers, who
were prepared for their meal when the
bombardment was opened at 1 o'clock
with accurately aimed shells, which de
molished the barracks, burying the oc
cupants in the ruins. '
Troops engaged in digging trenches
around the town also abstained heaJvy
Fires caused by the exploding shells
destroyed the railway station and sur
rounding buildings, doing enormous
damage. It is said that the entire
loss from the bombardment, which
lasted four hours, will be several mil
The correspondent says the bombard
ment was directed by aeroplanes, which
flew over the town throughout the aft
ernoon. Twenty warships participated.
The Bulgarians are now engaged in
preparing defense work on the sur
Porto Lagos was fiercely bombarded
by eight warships Thursday and again
A dispatch to Reuter's Telegram
Company from Athens says that at the
request' of the Bulgarian authorities
the foreign consuls have left Dede
agach for the interior.
PARIS. Oct. 24. The French War Of
fice. In its report tonight, says:
"On October 21 our trops had an en
gagement with the Bulgarians in the
direction of Rabrovo. That village,
which is 14 kilometers (approximately
nine miles) south of Strumnitza re
mains in our hands. Our losses were
FRENCH REPULSE ATTACKS
Sanguinary Losses to Germans Re
ported by Paris. -
- PARIS. Oct. 24. The eighth German
attack in five days on the strong
French positions in the wood of
Givenchy, north of Arras, was re
pulsed yesterday with sanguinary
losses, according to the official state
ment issued today. The statement
"The Germans again attempted, last
night, an attack on our positions In
the wood of Givenchy and on our ad
vanced posts in the neighborhood of
Hill 140. Many of the Germans were
even cut down at the moment they left
their trenches, and the survivors were
compelled to return to their positions.
During the past five days we nave
checked the enemy eight times in this
region alone. .
"The artillery struggle remains ac
tive and it is uninterrupted to the
south of the Somme in the region of
Lihons and Canny and Beauvraignes."
BRITISH GENERALS SLAIN
Recent Losses of Officers of High
Rank Unusually Severe.
LONDON, Oct. 13. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) The severity
of the fighting on the western front
recently is indicated by the officers'
casualty lists for the fortnight ended
October 11. which show that the Brit
ish army lost 3S3 killed, 646 wounded
and 107 missing a total of 1136 dur
ing that period.
The proportion of killed to wounded
is rather higher than of late, and
losses among officers of high - rank
have been severe. "
Major-Generals Thesiger and Capper,
two Colonels and 10 Lieutenant-Colonels
have been killed or have died of
wounds, while two Brigadier-Generals
are reported wounded and one miss
ing. Losses of officers since the begin
ning of the war total 18.210, of whom
5559 have been killed or died of wounds,
11.115 wounded and 1536 missing.
BULGARIANS TAKE USKUP
Chief Serbian Town on Road From
Nish to Saloniki Falls.
SOFIA. Saturday. Oct. 23, -ia London,
Oct. 24. The Bulgarian troops have j
completely conquered TJskup, the chief!
Serbian town on the railway between
Nish and Saloniki, according to an offi
cial communication issued today.
NISH. Oct. 23. via London, Oct- 24.
An official announcement by the Ser
bian general headquarters staff today
says that the Serbian towns of Ku
manovo and Veles have been taken by
DUMBA MADE NOBLEMAN?
Berlin Newspaper Hears Emperor
Has Honored Diplomat.
BERLIN. Oct. 24. Dr. Constantin
Dumba, whose recall as Austro-Hun-garian
Ambassador to the United States
was requested by President Wilson, ar
rived in Berlin today with his wife.
Commenting on the arrival of the
diplomat, the Vossische Zeitung says:
"We learn from a usually well-in
formed source that Emperor Francis;
Joseph has ennobled Ambassador!
SHOOTING OF NORSE
Laws of War Declared
to Know no Sex.
MILITARY NECESSITY PLEADED
Foreign Under-Secretary Is
- sues Official Explanation.
HIGH MOTIVE IS CONCEDED
Sentence Carried Out to' Frighten
Those Who Might Presume on Sex
to Join in Enterprises Pun
ishable With Death.
BERLIN, via The Hague and London,
Oct. 24. Dr. Alfred F. M. Zimmermann.
German Under-Secretary for Foreign
Affairs, has issued an official explana
tion of the recent execution ir Belgium
of Miss Edith Cavell. British nurse. He
prefaced his' remarks by the declara
tion that he has examined every jot
and tittle of the evidence with the
greatest care and finds the verdict,
though regrettable, to be just. His
"I see by the British and the Ameri
can press that the shooting of an
English womar. and the conviction of
several other women in Brussells of
treason has created a great impression
and that we are being severely criti
cised. Sex Not Differentiated in Law.
"It is indeed hard that a woman must
be executed, but remember: to what
shall a state come which is in war
if it allows to pass unnoticed a crime
against the safety of Its armies because
committed by a woman? No law book
In the world, least of all those dealing:
with war regulations, makes such a
differentiation, and the feminine sex
has but one preference according to
legal usages, namely, that women In
a- delicate condition -may ' not be exe
cuted, ; . '
"Otherwise men and. women are eaual
before the law. and only the degree of
guilt makes a difference in the sentence
for the crime and Its consequences.
Evidence Declared Convincing.
"In the Cavell case I have reviewed
the decision of the court and examined
the evidence down to the smallest de
tails. The result is so convicting and
all the circumstances are so clear and
convincing that no court-martial in the
world would have reached any other
decision. For it concerns not the act
of one single person, rather it concerns
a well-though-out. world-wide con
spiracy wMch succeded for nine months
to render the most valuable services to
the enemy to the disadvantage of our
"Countless British. Belgian and
Belgian soldiers now again are fight
ing in the allied ranks who owe their
escape from Belgium to the activity of
the band now sentenced, at the head of
which stood Miss Cavell.
Utmost Severity Held Jutlfled.
"With such a situation under the
(Concluded on Page 3. Column 3.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, tW
dearees; minimum, 47 degrees.
TODAY'S Occasional rain; southeasterly
Maximilian Harden says Allies ar beaten
but have not awakened to. fact. Page 1.
James O'Donnell Bennett describes visit to
Uocbaczew. Page 2.
Germany officially Justifies shooting of
English nurse. Page 1.
Thousand Bulgarian soldiers killed In bom
bardment of redeagach. Page 1.
Ex-Senator Bourne contrasts records of Re
publican and Democratic parties. Pagw 2.
Help promised new American Industries to
prevent throttling alter war. Page 9.
Illinois wets may combine liquor and pub
lic utilities control In " "home rule" law.
Persian noblewoman visits America. Page 3.
Edison acclaimed by Exposition crowds.
American export trade enormously increased.
Pacific Coast league results: Vernon 5-5,
Portland 4-1; ban Francisco 1-11. Oak
land W-4 ; Salt Uke 1, Los Angeles tt.
Pacific Coast League season ends. Page 11.
Many uprfeta occur on far-away gridirons.
Oregon Aggies leave for game with Michi
gan Aggies. Page 10.
Waverley golfers win runaway victory from
ttugene. rage 10.
School for convicts to be started in Oregon
Penitentiary. Page 1.
Oregon Federation of Women's Clubs to
open Convention at Salem today, .rage a.
Portland and Vicinity. '
Xotable ceremony prepared for -opening of
inaustnai snow, rage i.
Bishop W. M. Bell speaks on menace to
Democracy. .Page .
Rabbi Stephen S. Wise will stop here two
a ays to organise Zionist society, ra-go u.
Efficiency with economy to be motto of
ucnooi soara. -age s.
Acts on Orpheum's new bill are awe-inspiring.
Interesting photoplays are Included in new
bill for this week. Page t.
Robert Broadnax, colored. Is shot and killed
by C. D. Crawford, colored. Page 2.
Oregon pays tribute to memory of Mrs.
Abigail Scott Dunlway. Page 14.
British steamer Queen Maud on way for
lumber. Page 11;
Rev. Dan A. Poling tells Christian En-
deavorers of habit's grip. Page 3.
Secretary and Mrs. McAdoo will be guests
of Portland today. Page 9.
RAILROAD SHOPS ARE BUSY
Southern Pacific Putting on More
Men at Sacramento.
SACRAMENTO, Oct. 24. (Special.)
More men are now employed In the
Southern Pacific, shops here than have
been on the payroll for many months.
This is due in part to the heavy traffic
in both the freight and passenger de
partments. More men are being added
to the force.
Two shifts are being worked In the
rolling-mill, which Is chiefly used In
manufacturing fish-plates. Formerly
the - Eastern factories supplied these
plates. The plant ha orders to keep
it busy for three months.
As soon as these orders are filled the
plant will be kept busy on other work.
GERMANS OUST BELGIANS
Men of Military Age to Number of
7500 Ordered to Report.
LONDON. Oct. 24. A telegram from
Amsterdam to the Exchange Telegraph
"Messages from the Belgian frontier
say that Belgian subjects between the
ages of 17 and 55, liable for military
service, had been notified by the Ger
man authorities at Brussels to report
themselves to the German commander,'
with the result that 7500 so far have
been deported to Germany."
Spanish Protest Maine Monument.
MADRID, via Paris, Oct. 24 Most of
the newspapers here publish articles
protesting against the project of build
ing a monument in Havana for the
victims of the battleship Maine, aa
talked of by the Cuban government.
AN INVASION WE ALWAYS
EDUCATION TO BE
School; To Be ted
PRISONERS TO BE TEACHERS
Plan Evolved for Giving 250
Idle Something to Do.
WORK WILL BEGIN SOON
Educators to Be Called in to Give
Iiectures and Correspondence
Courses May Be Established
With State- Institutions.
SALEM, Or., Oct. 24. (Special.)
What bids fair to be by all odda the
biggest forward, step in prison admin
istration . ever taken in Oregon will
be consummated at the Penitentiary
here shortly. As soon as final details
can be worked ont and necessary ar
rangements made, an educational sys
tem for the schooling of the convicts
will be started, and through it an op
pdrtunity given those confined within
the walla to Improve their condition
and take the best advantage of their
Occupation and education of the pris
oners have been practical prison re
forms crdently favored by Governor
Withycornbe since his inauguration.
As assistance toward securing employ
ment for the idle prison .population,
he secured from the last Legislature
an appropriation of 150,000 to be util
ized in establishing methods of em
ployment, so far as the laws prohib
iting prison manufacturing would per
mit. New Industry Is Satisfactory.
A portion of this money already has
been expended in the establishment of
the flax industry, which is progress
ing most satisfactorily- and bids fair
not only to aid materially in solving
the problem of local prison employ
ment, but also to establish a big new
industry for agricultural Oregon.
Now John W. Minto, "Warden of the
Penitentiary, has taken up the educa
tional plans, and is working out the
details of a prison school. Mr. Minto
is enthusiastic concerning the poten
tial benefits of the proposed school,
and is backed not only by the Gover
nor, but also by the other members of
the Board of Control, which has gen
eral charge of the Penitentiary admin
istration. Mr. Minto will ut'lize a portion of
one of the large buildings formerly oc
cupied by the tile plant. A space 60x80
feet will be partitioned off and will
be used as a schoolroom. Little or no
extra expense will be involved In cre
ating this room, as all the labor, of
course, will be furnished by inmates,
the lumber for the most part, is al
ready on hand, and the institution is
well equipped with carpenter and
wood-working shops. Desks will be
made in the shops, , and such black
boards and other equipment as will
Concluded on Pass 2. Column 3.)
Sunday's War Moves
THE Bulgarians, according to their
official report "yesterday, have
reached Uskup, an important junction
on the Saloniki-Nlsh railway, and have
thus placed themselves across the route
by which the allies' reinforcements for
the Serbians would travel.
The Austro-Germans In the north
have begun a more vigorous offensive
and have crossed the Danube near Or
sova. This brings much nearer tie
linking up of the armies of the Ger
manic allies and those of Bulgaria, and
the opening of the way through Bul
garia to Constantinople.
Success is not being achieved with
out heavy losses, as the Serbian vet
erans, well entrenched In their moun
tains, are offering stubborn resistance
and are making the invaders pay a big
price for every mile of country invaded.
French troops are fighting beside the
Serbs in the southeastern sections, and
reports from Athens say that other
steps are being taken by the allies to
help their small partner. Additional
troops are being landed at Saloniki:
Bulgarian ports in the Aegean and
Black sea are being bombarded, and it
is belie-ed that men and munitions will
be sent to Serbia by still another route.
Without the active co-operation of
Greece and Roumania, however, allies,
it is feared In London, will not be able
to do much for some weeks.
The Russian troops, who have landed
at Domeness, Courland, have, accord
ing to. Berlin, re-embarked. If this is
so. It is probable that the landing was
intended as a diversion, in the hope
of drawing German troops from the
Riga and Dvlnsk regions, where heavy
fighting is still in progress.
There is no news of Field , Marshal
von Hindenburg's drive toward the
Dvina, southeast of Riga, but north
west of Dvinsk he has made' another
attempt to reach the river, and asserts
that he has forced the Russians from
their positions. Inflicting great losses
on them and taking nearly 3000 prls
oners. Illoukst, which has figured
prominently in all the recent communi
cations, has been captured by the Ger
The persistence with which the Ger
mans are attacking in this region shows
the Importance they attach to the cap
ture of Dvinsk and Riga and the line
of the Dvlna River before Winter sets
On the rest of the eastern front the
Russians continue their isolated at
tacks, which are designed to prevent
the Germans from establishing a line
of entrenchments such as they suc
ceeded in doing before . Warsaw last
year,, after the first attempts to. take
the city failed.
Except for a few attacks by the
Germans, the fighting In the west has
consisted for tha most part of atrillery
engagements and of exciting contests
between the airmen.
October 25, 1014.
Germans, hurled back from coast,
turn inland and cross Tser Canal.
Austrians fighting desperately in ef
fort to cross River San.
Turkey declares to foreign ambassa
dors Its intention to remain neutral.
SEVEN OF FAMILY KILLED
Woman, Her Five Daughters and
Sister Run Down in Auto by Train.
DETROIT, Oct. 24 Seven members
of one family were Instantly killed and
an eighth was probably fatally injured
today by a Grand Trunk passenger
train, which struck their automobile
near Detroit. The dead are Mrs. Ra
chael Stoldt, her five daughters. Pearl.
Hazel, Mabel, Esther and Martha, and
Miss Minnie Engel, a sister of Mrs.
Stoldt. William Stoldt, of Troy, Mich,
the husband and father, was badly
Apparently Stoldt. who was driving
the automobile, did not see the ap
proaching train and drove the machine
in front of the locomotive.
FRANCE -EXPELS SW0B0DA
Espionage Charge Dropped, bnt Man
Must Leave Country.
PARIS, Oct. 24. The police authori
ties, with the consent of the Ministry
of the Interior, have decided to expel
Raymond Swoboda, who recently was
discharged from prison, after a charge
of espionage against him had been
Swoboda claims American citizen
ship, denying that he is a German, as
has been charged. He was arrested In
June on charge of setting fire to the
French line steamer La Tourralne.
GERMAN CRUISER-IS SUNK
British Submarine Makes Successful
Attack Near Llbau, in Baltic.
PETROGRAD, via London, Oct. 24.
A British submarine! operating near
Llbau, attacked and sunk a German
cruiser of the Prins Adelbert class, ac
cording to official announcement made
The" Prinz Adelbert is an armored
cruiser, 393 feet in length and with a
displacement of 8858 tons. She carries
m complement of 557 men.
POPE'S REQUEST GRANTED
Belligerent Powers Will Give War
Prisoners Repose on Sunday.
ROME, via Paris. Oct. 24 All the
belligerent powers have granted the
request of Pope Benedict that Sunday
be made a day of absolute repose for
prisoners of war.
Several of the countries in their re
plies said that they already had been
observing this rule.
BOMBS WILL BOOM
AS BIB" SHDWOPEMS
Notable Ceremony Pre
pared for Tonight.
OFFICIALS TO BE IN PARADE
Wonderful Exhibit of Oregon's
ARMORY IS FAIRY BOWER
Record Attendance Expected to Sec
Exposition of State's Farms and
Factories, Which Is Declared
Greatest Ever Held in West.
The boom of the first aerial bomb
fired from the roof of the Chamber of
Commerce tonight at 7:15 will an
nounce the opening of the largest Man
ufacturers' and Land Products Show
ever held west of Chicago.
The management of the show before
announcing that fact to the Chamber
of Commerce.. looked into past records
carefully and verified its position.
Not only is the 1915 Manufacturers'
and Land Products Show, opening at
the Armory tonight, larger than any
other land show that has ever been
held west of Chicago, the great land
show city, but it actually displays to
the visitor a more complete exposition
of the resources of Oregon, both in
manufacturing and land products than
was afforded even in the big Lewis and
Clark Exposition in 1905.
Committee Is Jubilant.
It is small wonder then that the
committee from the Chamber of Com
merce, which has charge of the open
ing night, feels like shooting off bombs
and holding a general jollification in
honor of the big achievement that has
been carried through by its bureau of
manufactures and industries.
The committee fri charge of opening
night, together with prominent guests
and representative citizens, will as
semble at the Chamber of Commerce
and immediately after 21 bombs from
the roof of. the building have saluted
the opening, they will form in parade
and pass through the business section
of the city and march with McElroy's
Band to the Armory, where the big
show Is installed.
Speeehes to Be Heard.
A. J. Kingsley, president of the Man
ufacturers' and Land Products Show,
will preside and the speeches of the
evening will be by C. C. Colt, presi
dent of the Chamber of Commerce.
Mayor Albee. and George E. Hardy,
manager of the Chamber.
City and county officials who will be
guests of honor will also make short
Immediately after the programme In
the theater the directors of the show
and other officials will pass out and
head the crowd in an Informal parade
about the building to inspect the ex
hibits. Searchlight Will Direct.
With this parade through the build
ing the show will be definitely turned
over for the enjoyment of the people.
A band concert will be given by Mc
Elroy's band from 9 to 10:30 while the
throngs pass about among the booths.
Throughout the evening of the open
ing a huge searchlight stationed on
the Pittock block will flash its rays
about over the city and direct atten
tion to the Armory, where the show
is being held.
Testerday was no day of rest for
any of the chief officials, superintend
ents or assistant superintendents at the
Armory, even down to the last car
penter's helper or scrub-woman's as
sistant. With only a little more than
24 hours' time in which to complete
their preparations, and a thousand
things to be done, everybody was on
the Job and working at top speed.
Exhibits) Nearly Ready.
County exhibits for the most part
were well along toward complete in
stallation when the building closed
last night and the west hall, which is
given over to land products exhibits,
will be In shipshape order probably
several hours before the opening to
night. In the main hall of the Armory,
where the manufacturers' exhibits are
going In, the rush was even greater
and there was more to do. Although
it will keep every force working at
top speed all day until the opening
hour tonight, the superintendent of
booths expresses his belief that the ex
hibits will be practically all in place
at that time and everything will be
in such condition that there will be
nothing to mar the general tone of
completeness that is sought for the
Far more space is given over to man
ufacturing exhibits this year than was
used last year. The balconies cf the
hall are pressed into service and will
be lined with booths, while every Inch
of space on the main floor was taken
Just off the main hall in the Armory
the men of the National Guard have
taken advantage of their opportunities
and have installed three or four most
attractive booths, calling attention to
the activities and achievements of their
organization. Artillery, cavalry, infan
try are all represented in the displays
and one booth presents an array of the
trophies won' by the Oregon National
lanciudcd on Pago 3, Column Z.i