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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 26, 1915)
VOL. L.V. JfO. 17,136.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 26. 1915.
PRICE . FIVE CENTS.
LAND SHOW OPENS;
Bombs Give Signal fori
ENTRY STARTS CEREMONIES
Speakers Extol City and State
MUSIC ENLIVENS AFFAIR
Throng Is Invited to Inspect Kxhi-
. bttion Critical Are Pleased.
Wonderful Resources of Ore
gon Are Well Set Out.
The varied products ' of a land of
plenty, crops from the farms and indus
trial exhibits from the factories of "a
busy city, filled the spacious old
Armory building and a huge wooden
annex built around it on two sides in
Kleventh and Davis streets, where
Portland's second annual Manufactur
ers and Land Products Show opened
"The largest show of its kind ever
held west of Chicago," it had been an
nounced in advance by the manufactur
ers' and industries bureau of the
Chamber of Commerce, which brought
it about. They had figures to prove
it, too. But the figures really were
Critical Are Satisfied.
The opening night throngs that
passed through the long aisles of ex
hibits with critical eyes went away
perfectly willing to waive statistics of
any kind. For the show spoke for
Itself more vividly than any figures
To many it was really a surprising
exposition of the resources of this state
snd city. One of these days staid Port
land may awake to the fact that quite
a hum of industry is to be heard within
its borders. Or, as C. C. Colt, presi
dent of the Chamber of Commerce, ex
pressed it more concretely in his re
marks at the formal opening "cere
monies: "Some of you have no doubt, heard
that Portland is not a great manufac
turing city. It may surprise you to
know that there are something over
9n0 manufacturing enterprises here, of
one size or another."
It did surprise 'em, too, as the ap
Show Opens on Time.
The big show opened on time almost
to the dot. The formal opening was
preceded by an automobile parade
through 'the streets, members of the
Chamber riding in the cars. The
parade started from the Commercial
Club building, wound through the main
streets downtown and drew up in front
of the Armory shortly after 8 o'clock.
And from then on it was all the four
pay-as-you-enter turnstiles, manned by
infantrymen and artillerymen from the
Oregon National Guard, natty in blue
dreps uniforms with red or white trim
mings, according to the wearer's branch
of the service, could do to register the
They fairly flocked into the big mil
' itary headquarters, which for the next
three weeks is turned into an exhibit
palace. It was an appreciative crowd,
too. One big reason was that there was
no much for them to see. for this year's
show is declared on all hands to be
bigger and better by far than that of
Staae Built In Street.
The formal opening exercises took
place in the auditorium, on the Davis
street side, where a neat little stage
has been built just about where the
middle of the street used to be. . Here
President C. C. Colt and Manager
tieorge E. Hardy, of the Chamber of
Commerce: Mayor A;bee. A. J. Kingsley.
chairman of the manufacturers' and in
dustries bureau of the Chamber; David
M. Dunne, chairman of the committee
which supervised the building - work;
A. P. Tlateham. superintendent of the
cNhibifs; Circuit Judge Morrow and
others were -seated on the platform.
McElroy's band struck up "Yankee
Doodle," and the catchy air filled the
auditorium in a jiffy.
Ilbj.ct Ik Stated.
"The object of this show," said Mr.
K injislev, who acted as chairman of
Ihc evening:, "is to bring the producer
nearer to the consumer. I know of no
bettor way to do it than by an exhibit
or this kind.
"In ont part of the exposition hall
you will find Home of the products that
are. manufactured in Portland, and In
anotlier part what is grown on the
land in Oregon.
"This show is put on by the Port
land Chamber of Commerce, which is
trying to lay a foundation, and is lay
ing -a foundation, for the largest and
most helpful commercial organization
in the United States."
C. C. Colt, president of the Cham
ber, followed him.
"It is not possible to talk very long
in generalities only." said Mr. Colt.
"We must have a more or less definite
idea of what we talk about. Therefore.
with this idea in mind, we take pleas
ure in having been able to bring here
a greater variety of products even than
at last year- fine show. I am par
ticularly glad to say that there are
'3 counties represented by exhibits."
Mr. Hardy Speaka.
Continuing he cited the figures show
Inc Portland's standing as a manufae-
iDll ineae inuupinea lw Bunwiini u-r
. (Concluded on Pas 5. Column 1.1
WHITE RATS USED
TO GUIDE HUMANS
EXPERIMENTS SAID TO PROVE
COUSINS SHOULD WED.
Woman Investigator Reports That
Even Marriage or Brothers and
Sisters Is Shown to Be Good.
PHILADELPHIA. Pa., Oct. 25. (Spe
cial.) Announcement of the results o
another radical experiment is expected
to be made this week by Dr. Helen
Kin?, whose experiments on a colony
of 60,090 white rats at the Wistar In
stitute' of Anatomy at the University
of Pennsylvania, have convinced her
that marriage of first cousins and even
brothers and sisters would be benefi
cial to the race if the individual pro
genitors were "selected." Results pro
duced by the white rats are expected
also to show whether sex may be de
termined before birth, and whether
male or female can be produced at will.
This admission was made today by
the university authorities, but what
decision had been reached by Dr. Kins
could not be learned before publica
tion of the facts in a medical magazine.
Attention was also called to the fact
that such a plan, if feasible with hu
manity, would be utilized to build up
the populations depleted by the Euro
pean war rather than permit polygamy.
THOUSANDS CHEER KAISER
Establishment of Hohenzollcrn Rule
In Brandenburg Commemorated.
BERLIN; - Oct. 25. (By wireless to
Sayville.) All the churches of Berlin
held services In commemoration of the
500th anniversary of the establishment
of Hohenzollern rule over Branden
burg. The service in the cathedral, was
attended. by Empeiwr William, Empress
Augusta Victoria, Chancellor von Beth-mann-Hollweg,
many generals and ad
mirals and the diplomatic corps, in
cluding the American Ambassador.
The streets outside the cathedral
were crowded by thousands. Emperor
William was cheered enthusiastically.
BULGARS PROTEST ATTACK
Ports Shelled by Allied Fleet Ave
AMSTERDAM, via London. Oct. 25.
German newspapers print the text of
a note sent by Premier Itadoslavoff of
Bulgaria to Bulgarian Ministers abroad
protesting against the bombardment of
what he styles the "open towns" of
Dedeagaeh and Porto Lagos, where
he declares "considerable damage" was
The fire of the allied fleet was" not
answered, as these open places possess
no means of resistance, he said.
45,000 CATTLE RECEIVED
Rush on Kansas City Market Sends
KANSAS CITY. Mo., Oct. 25. Forty
five thousand .cattle were .unloaded at
the local stockyards today, 5000 more.
it was said, than ever arrived here be'
fore in one day. About 300 carloads
came from Iowa and Minnesota. The
advances in prices last week was the
magnet that attracted the large offer
ings, stockmen said. - -
The big" supply caused some depres
sion in prices, except for good corn-fed
RAINBOW SEEN AT NIGHT
Unusual Phenomenon Is Witnessed
.. ut Harrisburg, Or.
HARRISBURG, Or., Oct. 25. (Special.)-
A bright rainbow in the dark
ness was an unusual phenomenon ob
served here Friday night about 7
o'clock. The full moon broke through
the clouds in the eastern sky while a
shower of rain fell just west of the
The rainbow was perfect in outline
and several of the colors were distin
guishable. SERBIAN DEFEAT DECISIVE
Bulbars Force lie treat to Katscl.ari?
SOFIA, via LrOiidon, Oct. 25. An offi
cial communication issued here con
cerning' the capture of Uskup, Serbia,
by the Bulgarians, follows:
"Our troops inflicted decisive defeat
on the Serbian towns in the neighbor
hood of Uskup. We finally occupied
the town. The enemy was thrown back
on the Katscharik defile.
ZEALANDIA IS LOCATED
Steamer Alleged to Have Become
German Raider at Campcclie, Mex.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 35. The Ameri
can steamer Zealandia, which has
been under investigation by customs
authorities on charges that she had
been fitted out as a German sea
raider, ) as been located by British
agents at Campeche. Mexico, with a
SCHOOL'S HORSES BURNED
Military Academy Loses Troop of 65
Blacks In Fire.
SOl'TH BEXD, Ind.. Oct. 23. Culver
Military Academy lost Ite black horse
troop early today, the 65 horses being
burned to death when crossed wires
in the barn started a fire which de-
I siroyea 1 1 1 e DUtiaing.
The troop will be ' replaced
GLORY LACKING IN
WAR WRITER'S LIFE
Hunger, Hives and Pto
maines Serve Instead.
NASAL" TRUMP IN EVIDENCE
Sleep Often Broken by Un
SORDID PICTURE DRAWN
Aspects of Splendor Are Fleeting In
Face of Grim Reality Region
Is Desolated to Point of :
BT JAMES .0'DON"N"EC.l. BENNETT.
(Copyright, 1915. by the Chicago Tribune.
Published by Arraosement) . s
CZENSTOCHOWA. Russia, Sept. 24.
Every morning at o'clock our Prus
sian Captain or fuehrer (meaning
guide) swings himself down from the
frowsy compartment of a second-class
German passenger coach, runs his
commanding eyes along the half dozen
other frowsy compartments of the car
riage and cries resonantly: "Guten
morgen, meine herren. Habcn sie gut
At this inquiry a "dozen correspond
ents from half as many countries, who
have by no means gut geschlafen, poke
their disheveled heads from the com
partments and declare with more or
less confidence that they , have indeed
slept well and are many times thank
ful for the Captain's kind inquiry.
Morning Greeting Ceremonious.
"And you, lieber Herr Hauptmann,
have you also slept well?"
"O, thank you many times, my
gentlemen, I have truly slept enor
mously well! Colossally well! I thank
you many times!"
He .then formally shakes hands with
one and all.
This exchange of greetings Is every
morning -identical and Is performed
with great .ceremony wheresoever 6
o'clock happens to find us.. Sometimes
it Is in the swjftch wards of a Russian
town with seven consonants to three
vowels Wiloszezowa is a fair speci
men. Sometimes it Is in the midst of
fields spiderwebbed with lines of aban
doned trenches and with naught but
the ruins of a human habitation in
sight. And sometimes It is in the deep.
dark depths of a fir forest where tfiere
was fighting once, as you may know
from the smell of dead horses borne to
you on 'the chill morning breeze.
Captain Alvraya Preventable.
Our Captain's morning appearance,
like his salutation, never varies.
Everybody else looks 'ill conditioned
and blear-eyed and oily and is as disa
greeable to himself as he is to his
companions. To fare for five days and
nights over a besmirched country with
out removing one's clothes does not
conduce to sprucenees. nor does
morning wash In one-third of a bottle
of mineral water do much to restore it.
(Concluded on Pag 3. 'Column 1.)
J k . - r
f :''--voj-r 1
i '.;.... i
....... .........oa..... ,........ s . aa .. a ss . s . . s . . . s ess ii s
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY S Maximum temperature, 70
' degrees minimum, 53 degrees.
TODAY'S Probably occasional rain, cooler;
Opening - of land Products Show notable
event. Page 1.
"101 a Bar" ta trussed. Page 6.
Visitors : from slater cities will be honor
guests today at Land Show. Page 6.
War correspondent finds no glory and much
Mexican prisonerda confess details of plot
fn. Tv. rMrnliidATl P.H S.
Porter Charlton to be free in 29 days. Page 1.
Representative Hay agrees to Army In
crease plans. Pago 3.
Supremo Court rules 18 Russian Immigrants
may proceed to Portland. Pago 2.
Cljina to send new Minister to . America.
Senator Borah urges preparation for . peace
by fixing tariff now. Page 12.
Spy arrested in New York admits getting
aid from Secret Service. Pago 1. -
Letters Introduced . aa evidence of attempt
by New Haven road to crush competi
tion. Pace 3.
White rats used to show that cousins and
even brothers and sisters should marry.
California gold carried East for president's
wedding ring to bride arrives safely.
Twelve girls and on. man die in fire In
Pittsburg box factory. Page 2.
Gruman fights Knowlton at Rose City Club
tonight.. Fags l.
Portland Academy and Columbia eleven
clash today. Page 16. v
O. A. C. fans tensely awatt game In Mlcni-
gan. Page 16.
Big Falls City mills, expected to resume
soon, pass T.
D. V. Kuykendall. of Klamath Falls, to
succeed Judge Noiana. j-age o.
Frederick Bausman, of Seattle, appointed to
Supreme bench. Pago .
Salem welcomes Oregon Federation of worn
en's Clubs. Page 7.
Commercial and Marine. 1
All varieties and grades . of apples are ad
vanced. Page 17.
Strong and active market at local stock
yards. raxe-n.- -
Wheat higher at Chicago, owing to rains
in Canada. rage xt. ,
Was stocks establish' new" records In Wall
street. Page la.
M. H. Houser increases Seattle wheat stor
age capacity as result of Astoria com
mon rate move. Jfage is.
- Portland' and Vicinity.
Sentence passeu on Cashier company of
ficials.- Page lz.
Portland - cerea trade shows Increase over
Puget Sound ports. Page 13.
Employes of cltj are well represented in
Civil Service Union. rage is.
Mrs. Mc-Adoo, anxlou to get home to her
baby, receives telegram aauy. rage j.
Secretary McAdrao visits Portland. Page It.
Weather report, .data and forecast. Page 17.
CHIEFS' WIVES IN FACTORY
"Work of Girls oil Sanitary Condition
. Strike Is Taken
TRENTON, N. J., Oct. -25. Wives of
officials of the Essex Rubber Company,
including Mrs. Charles H. Oakley, wife
of the president, took the places of
striking" girls in the plant today in
order to keep the machinery running.
Thirty-five girls employed as trim
mers In the pressroom are on strike
for better sanitary conditions. The
company maintains that the demands
BRITISH KING VISITS FRONT
George V Hoes to France to See His
Array and Allied Troops.
LONDON, Oct. 25. King George Is
now in France, wither he has gone to
visit the British army.
He hopes also to see some of the
OF LITTLE FELLOWS IN A TIGlfT PLACE.
TO BE FRE&
Wi:oayerto Serve 29
Days in Prison. .
SENTENCE 6 YEARS, 8 MONTHS
Amnesty and Time Already
Spent in Jail Lower Penalty.
PRISONER PLEADS FOR SELF
Italian Jury Finds American Was
Only Partially Responsible and
Decides There Were K.xten
. nating Circumstances.
CO.MO, Italy, via Paris, Oct. 25.
Porter Charlton, the American who
has been on trial here charged with
murdering his wife in 1910, was today
condemned to six years and eight
The Jury found Charlton only par
tially responsible and that there were
Owing to amnesty Charlton will
serve only 29 days in prison.
Prisoner Pleads far Self.
Baron Schlaeca, the presiding judge,
before the case went to the Jury,
asked Charlton whether he had any
thing to add to the defense. With
tears in his eyes. Charlton exclaimed
"T trust entirely to Italian justice.
I can only say that I am a -most un
Both the prosecutor and the counsel
for the defense made stirring pleas,
the former for the imposition of a
heavy sentence, and the latter, com
posed of Slgnors Galaneo and Mlchaelli
Picardi, for acquittal on the ground
that the prisoner was totally irrespon
sible when the crime was committed.
Signor Picardi .declared that no man
in Charlton's condition could be re
sponsible for his action under any law.
' ,-' irreaponjiIbUlty "H Alleged. V .'
Speaking in defense of Charlton. At
torney Galaneo maintained that the
prisoner was ah apiteptic and that he
w,as totally irresponsible when .. the
crime was committed. But even if the
jury did not wish to admit that, he
.urged, it should at least give its assent
to the claim that the defendant was
not more than partly responsible and
Lthat there was in addition great provo
The crown prosecutor. Signor Mellini,
denied that Charlton was mentally ir
responsible, even momentarily, at the
time the deed was committed.
The prosecutor denied, that Charlton
had had provocation .for killing his
wife, and insinuated he married he
for savings and that he had appro
priated her jewels after killing her. H
concluded his address with a demand
for a heavy sentence.
Wife Killed In 1010.
Porter Charlton killed his wife In
thetr villa on Lake Como on June 9,
1910. He was 20 years old and she
many years his senior. At the time
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 4.)
Mondays War Moves
HEAVY fighting characterizes the
operations in the Balkans on the
Russian front from the Gulf of Riga
down through Galicia, on the Austro-
Itallan line and in the Champagne re
gion of France. i
In the Balkans the Teoutonic allies
and Bulgarians are still gaining
ground against the Serbs almost every
where, but in the south the French
have stepped into the arena and have
decisively defeated the Bulgarians at
Krivolak. on the Saloulki-Nish rail
way, southeast of Veles, giving them
control of the line some 40 miles to the
north of the Greek frontier.
In Champagne the French are busily
engaged in warding off German counter-attacks,
delivered with desperate
determination against a section of an
Important salient, known as "La
Courtlne which the French had pre
viously taken. Some of their trenches
in the center have been recaptured by
the Germans, but latest reports are that
the opposing forces were still fighting
The Russians in the Riga and Dvinsk
regions of Nortltwest Russia have again
assumed the offensive against the Ger
mans, but Berlin asserts that all coun
ter-attacks there have been repulsed,
except in the region of Illoukst. where.
in the face of superior forces, the Ger
mans were forced to withdraw to the
western bank of the Illoukst River.
A gain of some ground west . of
Komarow for the Germans Is recorded
by Berlin as an offset to the Illoukst
In addition to the heavy fighting in
the eastern sector of the Austro-
Itallan battle line, which Rome an
ticipates shortly will result in the cap
ture of Gorlzia by the Italians, there
have been three hostile air raids over
Venice. In none of these was great
material damage done, although one
church suffered severely and only three
persons were injured.
Germany admits the sinking of the
German armored cruiser Prinz Adalbert
by an allied submarine off Llbau and
announces that only a few of ber crew.
which in peace times totaled 557 men,
October SB, 1914.
Belgians continue to flee, despite at
tempts of Germans to allay fears.
Whole of Belgium faces starvation.
General Von Voigts-Rbetz" appointed
chief of staff of German army;
CUPID J-iQLDS . UP. BUDGET
Wedding in Mr. Daly's Family Keeps
Owing to the inability of Commi-
sioner Daly to be at the City Hall yes
terday . afternoon on account of the
wedding of his daughter, the City Coun
ell deferred the scheduled meeting to
take up again the budget of proposed
191 ' expenditures. The meeting will
be held at 8:30 o'clock this morning
The Council has gone through the
budget once, and now faces the prob
lem of retracing its steps, and making
additional cuts. At the meeting a date
will be set also for the first of a series
of meetings with the citizens' advisory
committee appointed to assist with the
POSTAL CLERKS MAY FIGHT
Every Eligible Man in London Office
Offered "War Leave.
LOXDOS, Oct. 25. The postoffic
has taken the lead among departments
of the rovernment in releasing me
for the array; Herbert Samuel, th
Postmaster-General, announced today
he had decided that every eligible man
should be free to join the army an
their places would be kept open for
"Therce Is better work to do than car
rying people's letters." he said. "It 1
more important to beat the Germans
than to maintain the postoffice at its
present high state of efficiency."
DUELIST AUTHOR IS DEAD
Paul Hen-leu, Playwright and Mem
ber French Academy, Succumbs.
PARIS. Oct. 25. Paul Hervieu. dra
matic author and member of the French
Academy, died today. M. HeYvleu was
the author of many successful plays.
j several of which were presented in
Two years ago. he 1 fought a duel
with Leon Daudet. editor of a Paris
newspaper, .who had offended him by
a critical paragraph. Neither was in
jured. ACID SPLASHES ON SCORES
Painter Drops Cleaning Fluid Off
' Scaffold on Skyscraper.
. CHICAGO. Oct. 25. A gust of wind
swayed a scaffold high up on the side
of a downtown skyscraper today and
two buckets of acid which painters
were using to clean the terra cotta
walls fell to the pavement, splashing
Twelve were injured, two seriously.
BRITON SENTENCED AS SPY
Life Imprisonment Is Penalty of
Man Convicted in "London.
- LONDON, Oct. 25. It Is officially an
nounced that a British subject has
been tried in the Old Bailey Court on
three counts of an indictment charging
espionage, and was sentenced to life
The prisoner received th right to
appeal, " " '
BY SECRET SERVICE
Fay Tells of Plot to
Blow Up Ships.
MONEY SUPPLIED IN BERLIN
Spy's Confession Implicates
Four Others in New York.
CLOCKWORK BOMBS MADE
Saxon Lieutenant Declares Attaches
at German Embassy llcfused to
Consider Plans to Destroy .
Commerce on Atlantic. -
NEW YORK. Oct. 25. Details of a
plot to hamper the shipment of muni
tions of war to the allies by placing
clock-worked bombs on the rudder or
propellors of. ships, so timed that the
ships would be disabled on thetr way
across the Atlantic, were disclosed to
day in the confession of one of five-
men charged in a complaint filed wlt!
a United States Commissioner with con
spiracy to violate a Federal statute.
Following upon the confession of
Robert Fay. a Lieutenant of the Six
teenth Saxony Infantry, who admitted
that he came to this country last April
through an agreement with the Ger
man secret service to blow up or delay
steamers laden with war supplies for
the allies. William J. Flynn, chief of
the Secret Service, tonight filed before
United States CommlssMoner Houghton
a complaint, in which, not only Fay,
but four other men, are charged with
promoting the conspiracy. The hear
ing on the Federal charge was set
for November 4.
Plan Dlseussed With Superiors.
Fay" confessed that while on the bat
tlefield be talked with his superior
officers about a device to blow un
ships, that .later his idea of coming
to America and carrying his schema
through was well received by the Ger
man secret service, that he came well
enough supplied with money to acc
on hi own responsibility, and that he
talked with Captain von Papen, mil
itary attache, and Captain K. Boy-Ed,
naval attache of the German Embassy.
about the plans, but they had refused
to have anything to do with It.
The confession of Fay, who said h
had been decorated with the Iron cross
for fighting in the Champagne district
In France, covers his arrival In the
United States on April 23 last, his mak
ing of clock-worked bombs since then,
and his activities in experimenting
with explosives along the Hudson
Add and Other Chemlcula Found.
Quantities of acid in the room oc
cupied by Fay and Walter L. Scholz
in Weehawken, N. J., and boxes each
containing 320 pounds of chlorate of
potash used in making so-called sugar
bombs, in a boathouse on the Hudson,
had been found after the arrest of -these
men on Sunday. Scholz, a brother-in-law
of Fay, is a mechanic.
Two other men were arrested today
and another, making the fifth, was
named in the complaint, but he had not
been apprehended. The new arrests
.' Paul Deache, , Jersey City, N. J., who
said he was a graduate of Cologne
University and came to the United
States in 1912.
Pr. Herbert Kienzle. 28 years old,
manager of a clock company, charged
in the complaint with having aided in
procuring explosive materials used by
Fay, was committed to the Tombs for
examination on November 4.
Breltuag Not Yet Taken.
Max Breltung. about whose identity
no details were disclosed, also was
named in the complaint ae one of the
conspirators. It was stated that Brei-
tung had not been apprehended.
Other information, which he said It
would be against public policy to re
veal at this time. Chief Flynn declared
would be disclosed later. In his com
plaint to Commissioner Houghton,
Flynn stated that Paul Siebs, formerly
of the German army, had become a
Government witness. It was set forth
that Siebs had received money from
Fay and Breltung for chlorate of
potash on August IS, $112 from Breit
ung, and later S23 from Fay. The
chlorate of potash was said to be a
part of the material found by detect
ives in the boathouse.
The men are charged with conspiring
to violate a section of the United States
criminal code, which says:
"Whoever upon the high seas or in
any other waters within the admiralty
and maritime jurisdiction of the United
States, by surprise or open force, ma
liciously attacks or sets upon any ves
sels belonging to another with an in
tent unlawfully to plunder the same
or to despoil any owner thereof of
any moneys, goods or merchandise,
laden on board-thereof, be fined," etc-
Scha-la ExplaJaa A ci Ions.
- Scholz late tonight gave out a state
ment explaining his actions since com
ing to this country and his relationa
with Fay. To Fay he gave ai! the
credit for the idea of the exploding
devices to be attached to ships, l-ut
said that only am empty mine waa -ver
actually used. Scholz said be came ,
here four years ago from Cologne,
where he studied architecture and civil
engineering. It was while working on
a farm at Waterford latt April thai
he received a request from lay to con'.-
to this city, he said.
"Fay wanted me to - -.iorlri for him.
tCoactuded on Fata 2. Column 2-1
Kl 1 lO.O