Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1915)
THE 3IOKNIXG OR'EGONIAX. WEDNESDAY, MAY 12. 1015.
Xntered at Portland. Oregon, Postofflce a
Subscription Rata Invariably In advance:
Daily. Sunday Included, one year $8.00
Iaily, Sunday Included, six months 4.5
1 'ally, Sunday Included, three months .. 2.25
lially, Sunday Included, one month &
ltiily, without Sunday, one year
lJaily, without Sunday, six months
Dally, without Sunday, three months l.?3
Dally, without Sunday, one month ttu
Weekly, oua year . 1-u
Sunday, one year 2.60
Sunday and Weekly, one year H.oO
Iaily, Sunday Included, one year O0
lJally, Sunday Included, ona month 75
How to Kemit Send Postofflce money or
der, express order or personal check on your
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at
sender's risk. Uive postofflce address in
lull. Including county and ctate.
Postage Kates lz to Id pages. 1 cent; 18
to 32 pages 2 cents; Hi to 48 pages, 3 cents;
60 to t0 pages, 4 cents; Hi to 7d pates, a
rents; 78 to U2 pages, 0 cents. Foreign
postage, double rates.
' Kastrrn Business Office Veree Ac Conk.in,
New York, Brunswick building; Chicago,
San FranrWo Office R. J. Bldwell Com
Tany. 742 Market street.
I"0 RTLAXD, WEDNESDAY, MAY 18, 1915.
WO 1VE.VK, NOT TOO PROUD, TO FIGHT
. disappointment is the first senti
ment awakened by President Wilson's
Philadelphia speech. The Nation "Is
tinging -with a vicious blow delibe
rately dealt. It looks to the President
to voice its sentiments, to point the
way to vindication of its outraged
lionor and to guide it in maintaining
its place among the nations. When
all are looking to the President to
Mund the keynote, all that he. can
llnd to say Is:
' There is such a thins a man being too
proud to fight. There la such a thing as
.a nation being so right that it does not
need to convince others by force that it- is
We are Informed that this speech
Is' not to be taken as indicating the
policy the President will pursue in re
gard to the Lusitania affair. We re
joice that this is so, but we cannot
elose our minds to the fact that it
expresses the- sontiments which have
guided him in the past and which are
likely to guide him in the future. The
outcome of those sentiments has been
p. policy of impotence. The present
crisis calls for a policy of definite as
sertion of our National rights and
vindication of our National honor. If
It can be done by diplomacy, well and
good. We hope and desire so. But
nothing is to be gained much is to
be lost by laying down the premise
that we will not fight in any circum
The phrases we have quoted from
Mr. Wilson's speech indicate disposi
tion to persist in the error of consid
ring only what we ourselves think
of our action or inaction. The strife
which rends three continents teaches
us that we must consider what other
nations think. If we swallow an af
front without retaliation, other na
tions will think, not that we are "too
proud to fight," but that we are too
cowardly, or too weak to fight. They
will contrast the big but weak Amer
ican Nation, which refuses to fight
with little, weak Belgium, which
dared to fight against tremendous
odds, though her great friends were
unready with help.
It is a lamentable fact that. In spite
f all that our Generals, Admiral!"
Secretaries of War and the Navy and
our most farseelng statesmen have
said, we are so utterly unprepared
that we are -too weak to fight. If
Germany were not at war with other
nations and if those other nations did
not shield us, we could not stand up
against Germany. She could land an
army and could lay New York and
Washington In ruins. The resistance
rwe could offer would be a ghastly
joke. Should we now elect to return
the blow Germany has dealt us, we
should owe the vindication of our
honor and the preservation of our
territorial integrity and independence
to the grace of the nations which are
.allied against Germany, not to our
This nation has been traveling with
Jts head in the clouds of pacifism,
while other nations have been gov
erned in policy by the hard, stern
facts on the earth around them. We
have received a sudden blow which
has brought our minds and our eyes
back to earth, and we suddenly real
ize that we lack the means to return
the blow. If we elect to fight, we
must lean as heavily as do Belgium
and Serbia on the allies which fortune
has provided until we can develop our
bousted latent military resources. In
population, wealth and extent of ter
ritory everything which excites the
cupidity of robber nations we are
among the great nations, but in pre
paredness for defense we are among
the smallest. Our combination of
wealth and impotence is a direct in
citement to attack.
We flatter ourselves that our mod
ern attleshlps place our Navy second
to that of Germany, but we ignore the
fact that our Navy is so ill-proportioned
as not to be equal to that of
France or Japan or possibly of Italy.
Our battleships are so slow that they
must fight at the enemy's option, not
at their own. We have no battle
cruisers fast enough to run down a
battleship and fight it on equal terms.
We are deficient in cruisers and
scouts, destroyers, aircraft and auxil
iaries of all kinds. We are short
many thousand trained, men and we
have no reserve. We are behind
every other first-class nation in all
Our Army is even more deficient
than our Navy. We pould not put in
the field on short notice more than
30,000 trained men. The National
Guard has a paper strength of about
104,000, but it could not put more
than two-thirds of this number of ef
ficient men in the field. Behind that
there is nothing. We are miserably
deficient in artillery, and our supply
rf ammunition -would be exhausted in
one modern battle. We might by
strenuous exertion train and equip
1.000,000 volunteers in a year, though
the officers to train them are not in
. WriV Krtrtulrl Rprmnnv fpar ftf t-q
epect us? She respects effective
force, and we have none. Our mobile
army would cut less figure in the field
than the Belgian army, and our Navy
cannot harm Germany, for all the
harm that can possibly be done Is al
ready being done by Britain and
France. We might reinforce the reg
ular Army with the National Guard,
but It would be a year before we
could send any great force of volun
teers to the front. By that time Ger
many would be either beaten or vic
torious. W must adjust our foreign rela
tions as other nations do. We must
recognize the fact that they are not
too proud to fight .and we must either
fight also when attacked or be at the
rnercy of any nation which chooses to
dt tack. us. .We must prepare to de
fend ourselves with weapons equal to
those of our assailants. If we neglect
to do these things, the first nation
which punctures the bladder of our
National pride will prove it to con
tain nothing but the superheated at
mosphere of pacifism. v
The familiar argument comes from
a citizen of Eugene that the Ameri
can passengers on the Lusitania had
been duly warned to keep off the ves
sel and out of the - war zone, and
therefore the- are responsible for
consequences, and not" Germany. We
also hear from the same source that
Germany had the right to adopt any
measures whatever to equalize condi
tions on the sea between herself and
Great Britain. In other words, the
end Justifies the means, whether law
ful or not.
Two neighbors, living, say, near
Eugene, have a quarrel. One Is of
English birth, the other German. The
former creates a war zone on the
high road in front of his enemy's
house and warns everybody away. The
German farmer disregards the notice,
however, and comes along in his
wagon on his way home with an
American friend. Both are unarmed.
The Englishman, lying in ambush,
kills them both. "I am not to blame,"
he tells the world; "not to blame at
all. Indeed, I am wholly innocent.
For did I not warn them what I would
do?" In support of his" virtuous mo
tives, he points out that under the
straw in the back of the wagon were
certain "munitions of war" in the
shape of unexploded cartridges.
What would the Coroner say of
such a deed and such an excuse?
What would our pro-German friend
say of such an Englishman?
"If," says President Lincoln, of the
Pullman Company, "If you increase
the wages of the porters, and they
continue to get tips, as at present,
they would get much more money.
And you can understand how that
might not be desirable." It would not
be, perhaps; yet we greatly fear It
The practice of tipping on Pullman
cars Is universal. It is doubtful if the
traveler tips the obliging and humble
attendant because he gets little pay
from the company. The average' per
son has only a vague Idea of the unin
formed employe's exact relations with
his employers. He knows only that
he wants special attention. He pays
to get it. It may or may not be true
that he will not get it unless he pays.
If the great public would quit tip
ping the porter, doubtless the benevo
lent Pullman concern would soon
have to raise his wages- or it would
lose his services. But it is not likely
that the public will stop its corrupt
ing practices, or that the insinuating
and beguiling ways of the faithful
porter will fall to extract the ready
quarter from the pleased passenger.
A custom, growing out of a specific
situation, has ' become established
through the years and it will not eas
ily be changed. The public will not
reform and the porter cannot. Tip
ping has put millions of dollars in the
treasury of the sleeping-car company
and has given a livelihood to many
thousand useful and obliging fellow
This is not a defense of tipping,
nor an apology for the public nor the
company; but it Is an appreciation of
the porter. He deserves to be fairly
paid, for he renders value received.
The company does not pay him, so the
great public is persuaded to do it.
Antl-tipping laws are a failure and
ancient customs are hard to break.
The tippers only are ajle to stop
VICIOUS SOCIKTV WOMEN.
Chicago's high society leaders have
been engaged in an effort of late to
stop drinking in the dance halls.
Their , portrayals of its bad effects
have been so vivid and persistent that
soma results have followed and the
liquor men feel that they must make
a counter-attack. For this laudable
purpose they have employed a compe
tent press agent, Leopold Neumann,
who retorts upon .the society women
that their own habits are as bad as
those of the dance-hall habitues, if
not worse. Taking his account for
the truth, we should say they were
Mr. Neumann obtained entrance to
the secret haunts of the society lead
ers by a clever ruse. He had himself
Introduced as .a gentleman of wealth
and leisure, frsh from the Father
land, and received the welcome that
his supposed accomplishments called
for. The discoveries he made among
his female associates In the sacred
adyta of fashion are positively shock
ing. Chicago's society women, he de
clares, lead a "night life" which
would put the slums to shame.
Drinking, dancing on table tops and
smoking are as common as they are
among men, while Mr. Neumann hints
at other enormities too dreadful to be
mentioned In respectable print.l
But what could you expect? These
women have no interest whatever in
life except such as they derive from
sensual gratification. Their husbands
and male friends have business, or at
least some pretence of it, to occupy
their minds, but the women have not
even that. Intellectual pursuits are
"bad form" among them. Charity is
permissible, but it makes only a slight
diversion. AVithout such recreations
as drinking, smoking and the natur
ally accompanying vices their lives
would be barren deserts.
Let us pity the unhappy rich in
stead of despising them. But in the
height of our pity let us not overlook
the causes of their lost condition. We
have already mentioned one cause, the
lack of any useful or Interesting oc
cupation, but there are many more.
Their lapse into vicious Indulgence Is
at least partly due to their poor edu
cation. In the public schools pupils
of both sexes are taught the perni
cious effects of low habits upon mind
and body. They learn the lessons of
efficiency and the lessons are taken
to heart because they must be applied
in order to succeed in life. Vice is
the worst foe to efficiency and there
fore these young people learn to
But girls from the families of high
society do not attend the public
schools, and 'in the select schools
which they do attend it is not per
mitted to speak of anything so vulgar
as drink or vice. Hence they go into
the world utterly unfortified against
the tempter. Often indeed they make
their first surrender to his power
while they are still at their "carefully
A complete revelation of the scenes
enacted at some fashionable female
seminaries would shock us all a great
deal worse than Mr. Neumann's reve
latlons do. "- He tells of a girl, "a
slender, graceful mite with big, inno
cent eyes," who got tipsy on cocktails
at a party where he was present. We
should not be surprised if the poor
creature took the first downward step
at an exclusive boarding school-
JOHN BURROUGHS IN A NEW VENTURE.
It is useless to expect John Bur
roughs ever to grow old. He is now
in his seventy-eighth year, but maga
zine articles on scientific subjects still
flow from his vigorous pen as bounte
ously as they ever did. If he should
publish a new book this Summer on
some vitally interesting current topic
nobody would think it strange. No
doubt on his hundredth birthday ha
will discourse on the pleasures of
youth to entertain his friends.
Mr. Burroughs' latest enterprise is
a magazine for school children, called
the Schoolmate. He does not edit It,
but he is one of the contributors.
Associated with him are such men as
Ernest Thompson-Seton and Admiral
Peary. One of the main purposes of
the -new magazine is to encourage
school gardening, which has become
a subject of National interest in these
times. Mental and physical hygiene
will also be kept up to date.
We should suppose that Mr. Bur
roughs might write on both these
subjects with-profit to adults as -well
as school children. He needs only to
draw material from the stores of his
INDEPENDENCE IN CONGRESS.
Maine shares honors with Ohio as a
producer of great statesmen.. In the
Civil War period it supplied the coun
try with Hannibal Hamlin and Will
iam Pitt Fessenden. In more recent
times it has produced James G.
Blaine, Thomas B. Reed, Eugene Hale
and William P. Frye. All have been
called away by death.
Charles E. Littlefied, for many
years Representative from Maine, has
now Joined the company of great men
from Maine. In his earlier career in
Congress he evinced radical tenden
cies against trusts and gave other
signs of independence, but he became
conservative on railroad and labor
legislation. His independence was
particularly displayed in opposition to
the anti-injunction bills, and the
American Federation of Labor made a
determined but unsuccessful fight
against his re-election. Realizing that
the tide of opinion was running
against him, he voluntarily retired.
Elimination of men such as Little
field tends to reduce Congress to a
dead level of mediocrity. Men who
will fight year in and year out for a
particular cause, especially an unpop
ular one, must necessarily have a de
gree of independence and force which
lifts them above the crowd and pre
vents machines from ruling with un
broken sway. Many such men are
mere cranks and hobby-riders, but
occasionally one arises who brings to
the front an issue of real importance.
The steam-roller of the caucus crushes
such men and reduces them to si
lence, though they are the advance
guard of progress.
PELLAGRA IN THE UNITED STATES.
Pellagra is a much dreaded disease
which first came into notice in Italy.
There it has ravaged the poorer part
of the population for a long time and
since they were in the habit of eating
spoiled corn this was naturally sup
posed to cause their trouble. Re
cently another theory has been ad
vanced, according to which pellagra
is attributed to a germ not unlike the
atomy that causes malaria. The bite
of an insect is supposed to communi
cate the disease. Other investigators
believe that pellagra may be caused
by any kind of insufficient diet with
other bad habits of life, such as lack
of sunshine and shelter.
In other words, it is said to be a
"poverty disease," like tuberculosis.
Which of these explanations is correct
nobody can say just yet, but as inves
tigations proceed fresh light will un
doubtedly be shed on the matter. In
the meantime it is interesting to learn
that pellagra is not confined to Italy
by any means. Physicians have found
that it attacks the less fortunate
classes of people in all parts of the
It was formerly believed by scien
tific men that there was no pellagra
in the United States. Dr. Osier an
nounced this opinion in the first edi
tions of his "Practise of Medicine,"
and SpitzkU, another authority, says
that pellagra "does not exist In Amer
ica." The truth is, however, that it
does exist here. We have thousands
of cases and the number is increasing.
Eight years ago it was" a rare disease
in this country. Now it is disagree
Still it is never likely to excite a
panic of fear, since it is not epidemic.
It does not sweep like a whirlwind
oyer the land. On the contrary, it is
endemic, thriving quietly but persist
ently in the quarters which it finds
suitable. Like cancer, it is most com
mon in certain circumscribed places
and its virulence may depend on local
habits and conditions of life. Just as
there are "cancer houses" and "can
cer neighborhoods," so there may be
pellagra sites where any person long
resident is pretty likely to acquire the
AGAIN THE GARBLE RS.
It is possible that the newly pub
lished -session laws of 1915 have not
yet reached Tillamook and that the
Tillamook Herald reads only one
Portland exchange. That wonld ac
count for its misunderstanding as to
what the land grant resolution of the
last session contained.. But surely
the session laws of 1907 are available
to the Herald. Its misrepresentation
as to the purport of the land grant
memorial of that year is inexcusable.
The Tillamook newspaper solemnly
asserts that the 1915 resolution de
clares "that such lands should not be
withdrawn from taxation, but that
they should be disposed of for settle
ment and development under the
terms of the original grant," and that
this declaration was adopted in the
face of a resolution by a previous Leg
islature asking the Government to
bring suit to havo the lands forfeited.
It concludes that the last Legislature
took a stand in favor of the Southern
Nowhere in the 1915 resolution is
it urged that the lands be disposed of
under the terms of the original grant.
The resolution is printed on page 612
of the Laws of 1915, and it declares
"that such lands should not be with
drawn from taxation, but that they
should tie disposed of for settlement
and development under the terms of
such a decree as the court may deem
just and .equitable." The Attorney
General has asked in his bill for a
decree ordering the sale of the lands,
with provision that the proceeds inure
to the Government.
On the ether hand, the memorial
of 1907 (page 517, Laws of 1907) did
not request that forfeiture suit be
started, but prayed Congress "to take
such steps by resolution or otherwise,
as may be necessary to compel said
railroad company to comply with the
conditions of said grant."
With few exceptions newspapers
prefer to give their readers the truth.
Occasionally there is one that will
distort facts in the interests of a po
litical policy. We trust that the Til
lamook Herald is not one of the lat
ter class. It not, the result of its reli
ance for Information upon another
newspaper notoriously of that type in
stead of using its own resources to
obtain information ought to be a se
Forty thousand persons attend the
moving picture shows in Portland
daily. The city has sixty-eight such
theaters and the smallest and cheap
est provides a better entertainment
than did the best ten years ago.
There are 5000 automobiles in Port
land, which carry nobody knows how
many persons daily. Not long ago
the average householder spent the
early evening in Summer on the front
porch reading or conversing with his
wife and children. Now he takes
them to the movies or for an auto
ride. The veranda has become more
an architectural adornment than a
utility. It would not be surprising if
the moving pictures and the automo
mile caused a change in style of resi
dences. The recent fighting between the
British and Turks at the delta of the
Tigris River is on the exact site of the
Garden of Eden, according to ancient
authorities. The change is great from
its peaceful aspect when Adam and
Eve resided there. Many believe that
Noah's Ark was built in that same re
gion and performed Its voyage there.
Should it become British territory, as
seems likely. It will be made to bloom
again by irrigation and scientific
The peaceful cession of Lower Cali
fornia to the United States might
speedily follow the establishment of a
lasting government in Mexico. Geo
graphically the peninsula belongs to
this country, while Mexico has access
to it only by sea for the most part.
Its resources are never likely to be of
much use to the world until American
enterprise takes hold of them.
Ohio has just found an innocent
man in her penitentiary who has been
imprisoned eighteen years. He asks
compensation from the state at the
reasonable rate of $1.50 a day. and
may get it. That he ought to get it is
undeniable. When the state drags an
Innocent man from his family,' locks
him up and disgraces him the exploit
certainly should be paid for.
Canada's display at the San Fran
cisco fair Is said to surpass all the
rest, excepting alone that of the
United States. It speaks wonders for
the energy, enterprise and culture of
that rapidly developing country. It
also speaks wonders for her friendly
relations with the United States. The
more each country prospers the better
for both. i
If a German liner, carrying passengers and
ammunition to Germany from New York, had
been discovered by the English, would not
the ship have been captured or destroyed?,
There was nothing more piratical about the
sinking of the Lusltania than there would
have been about the sinking of a German
liner by the English. It is all In the war
irame and it is Europe's affair, not ours.
Pendleton East Oregonian.
Suppose is a wonderful game. Any
one can play it.
The person who suggests to the
keeper of the rat hatchery at the
Park to fasten a bell to the tail of a
rat is unaware that the rodent would
gnaw off his appendix after the first
stampede. A diminutive sleighbell
wired around the neck would be best.
There is a vivid line of truth
running through Adjutant-General
White's Interview published yester
day morning. Germany knows this
country is not prepared to fight on
land and with more or less debatable
doubt on water
After reading of the flood devasta
tion in California, Oregon can rejoice
that our rain is spread over a longer
period of time and refreshes the earth
instead of washing it away.
Popular impression that Eastern
Oregon is devoid of timber is Jolted
by the news of a projected mill at
Bend to employ 500 men and cut 80,
000,000 feet a year.
American "business men" who are
leaving Germany to go to Switzerland
are not so foolish. The probability is
that their "business" is better trans
The strategy of Troy was so old
that it was new to the Turks, or the
British presumed pn the fact that the
Turks do not study ancient Greek lit
erature. If the City Commission perseveres,
it may complete the auditorium in
time for the celebration of the resto
ration of peace.
If the Crown attorney at Kinsale
really wants the Kaiser for murder he
must send Burns for him.
The trip of the fleet to the Panama
Canal can wait. Its presence may be
needed at another.
To smash the shop windows of an
alien is great sport for home-born
Commissioner Daly is an expert at
figuring how to save money by spend
The Cunard people will not take a
chance on the Mauretania. Once is
It is good news that Bill Rodgers
Is coming back with his batting aver
age. All candidates for Commissioner are
still well up thex alphabet.
Bryan is keeping calm with both
hands on the gunwale.
The Roosevelt libel case has a
shocking drag to It.
Stuff the box for your favored can
didate for Queen.
Almost time to kill somebody with
Sophie has the whiphand in Greece.
Italy will stop the war or prolong it.
The Kaiser: Send in the bill.
Swat two flies a day.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonian May 12. 1S90.
The end of the building trades strike
in Portland Is nearlng. As a result of
the meeting last night it is believed an
adjustment will be reached at once. The
workmen who have been striking for
the last month have lot about 150,000
and building has been very much re
tarded. Miss Rosa Green, a highly educated,
cultivated and talented woman, is a
candidate for School Superintendent of
Douglas County. v
The Salem Statesman says the Wil
lamette River is about to cut a new
channel for itself and leave the city
without the river facilities. The States
man is backing the movement for an
appropriation of $2500 to put in a
The change has now been made which
makes the Holton House into the Hotel
The fire commissioners are not jump
ing at the offer of a New York con
cern to sell the city a fireboat which
they say cost 72.000 for 30,000. The
commissioners believe they can build
one right here.
Dr. Catling, the inventor of the gun
that bears his name, has now invented
a torpedo boat.
Mrs. A. W. Ciine left last evening for
her home in Albany to visit with her
parents, who are 111.
The Oregonian yesterday devoted
considerable space to & discussion with
illustrations of Vancouver. Wash., its
present and future, as, Portland's great
ally on the Columbia. ' ----. .Jv
On Friday evening Mrs. H. O. Green
gave an elegant ball in honor of her
son, H. J. Green, at their home at Cedar
Hill. Mr. Green attained his majority
that day. Among those present were
Mrs. C. J. Reed. Mrs. Walter K. Smith,
Miss Ada McCracken, Miss Ellen Tracy.
Mrs. George Wilson, Mrs. T. B. Hand
bury, Mrs. T. W. Symons, Mrs. O. H.
Cole. Mrs. Hawthorne, Mrs. Palmer,
Miss Lizzie Myrick, Miss Mackenzie and
many other well-known belles and ma
trons. Among the gentlemen were
noted: D. O. Taylor, Fred Strong, Lan
sing Stout, Harry Story, V. C. Lewis,
J. B. Montgomery, F. V. and G. F. Hol
man, James Laidlaw, Walter Burrell
and Fred Andrews.
Miss Eugenie Smith will give a large
theater party at the Marquam Grand.
Theater Monday night in honor of Miss
Tracy. The play will be "Lord Chum-ley,"-with
E. H. Sothern.
New York. Jay Gould, In an inter
view yesterday, expressed his doubts
about a speedy settlement of the West
ern rate troubles.
The T. J. Potter, steamer, will make
an excursion to the mouth of the Co
lumbia and return tomorrow.
Mayor George Williams, of Salem,
has purchased the Wallace residence
for $23,000. Mr. Wallace has been nom
inated for Senator in Polk County and
will take up his residence in that
county, where he has a large ranch and
The Philadelphia team of the National
League is leading the league race with
10 wins and four loses, while New York
is at the bottom with five wins and 10
HOLDS GERMANY NOT TO BLAME
Americana on the Lusitania nt Tlielr
Peril, Says This Citizen
EUGENE, May 11. (To the Editor.)
In an editorial headed "Why There
Was No Convoy," you mention that not
withstanding her enormous fleet Eng
land could not protect her merchant
vessels against suDinarlnes. You say
that it takes all of England's men-of-war
not otherwise employed to convoy
the transports of soldiers from England
to France; soldiers to fight Germany
with the munitions furnished to a
great extent by this country.
Now is it not logical from this stand
point that as a matter of self-preservation
or self-protection Germany has to
overcome this weakness of England as
to convoys by any means she is able to
use? Means of modern inventions for
which there is no precedence and no
established International law.
Our Government and many citizens
of our country contend that Germany
could obtain munitions from this coun
try If she were strong enough on the
ocean. . Germany as a matter of de
fence makes use of her submarines,
which fact relieves her of her weak
ness on the high seas in the other di
rection. Thus these submarines and
their work restore the strength of Ger
many on the ocean to a certain extent.
This country having a right to export
ams and ammunition Germany has a
right to prevent delivery of such If she
can do so. Hence the submarine war
fare inaugurated in this war and its
Inevitable consequence. Germany had
warned the American citizens in duo
time. The Cunard line was fully aware
of this and of the fact that she carried
munitions on a'passenger ship. The
Cunard line has been cautious enough
to make the passengers sign a re
linquishment from the company's re
sponsibility (according to your reports)
for Americans on English soil.
Who then is responsible for the
slaughter of the innocents? Would the
munitions not have been the means of
slaughtering the fathers, husbands and
sons of German women, and of how
many more lives than there were lost
on the Lusitania. to the deepest regret
and sympathy of all the world?
In discussing this gruesome affair
quite a number of my. Anglo-Saxon
neighbors agreed with me that it
would take but one American citizen
placed aboard vessels with contraband
to protect them against attack If the
theory of the Anglophiles were correct.
NO VETERAN NEED BE IN WANT
Soldiers' Home, County Aid and Gov.
r rnrarnt Ieuaion Are at His Service.
PORTLAND, May 11. (To the Edi
tor.) Concerning the "aged and home
less veteran," J. M. Hamilton, ex
ploited by the Associated Charities and
at the Pisgah Home, It may not be out
of place to state that G. A. R. folk in
and about Portland feel compromised
in the Incident and the publicity given
it by the city press. -
If Mr. Hamilton is a genuine veteran
of the Civil War he does not need to be
in such a plight. At Roseburg the state
has provided a home where the worthy
veteran soldier who needs It is amply
cared for good quarters, clothing, the
best of food, and plenty of it, with ex.
cellent hospital care for the infirm and
sick. In addition, we have a law. pro
cured by Hon. H. H. Northup when he
was a member of the State Senate,
whereby the County Commissioners of
each county may administer generously
at home to the needs of veterans and
their widows: not as paupers, but as
a preferred class. The Commissioners
of Multnomah County are not slow in
responding to every worthy case, even
paying the expense of burying the vet
eran when he dies.
The great State of Oregon does not
want her veteran soldiers to be solicit
ing handouts and toddling around from
one charitable plecounter to another
with pitiful representation of need.
Nor Is this all. The Federal Govern
ment now pays to every veteran a gen
erous pension, sending him every 90
days a check from Washington. I know
nothing about Mr. Hamilton, but if he
Is straight goods he need not be in
want. C. E. CLINE.
WHY WOMEN COMPETE WITH MEN.
They Are Farced Ont of Their Own
Sphere by I .a bur-waving Machinery. "
PORTLAND. May 11. (To the Edi
tor.) The letter from Louis Barzee in
The Oregonian recently raises a ques
tion concerning employment of women
that dan be answered only by a scienti
fic analysis of economics social and in
dustrial. It is Idle to ask of woman,
"Where art thou?" We all painfully
know where she is and fully agree that
her station protrayed in that letter is
abnormal. If we learn let's ask why
she has entered into industrial com
petition with men and has left off those
functions that adorn and glorify women.
If we may learn why women are thus
competing with jobless men we may get
somewhere with our understanding and
"I, too. was reared by my "father's
wife," about the same family hearth.
I, many times, sat there while the fam
ily group plied the needles at knitting
stockings, socks, suspenders, gloves and
the like for the children of our mother;
while others sewed, prepared the meal,
kept house and what not.
Changes came. A little later there
was established in a near-by village
a knitting factory. It was perhaps the
first in Oregon. We then only had
to knit in the heels and toes of the
long sack-like tube that was cut
asunder and slitted at regular intervals.
Later came the complete knitting ma
chine which finished the product, and
children and mother sought other du
ties to perform to earn a living.
Earlier than this period in life it was
my misfortune, through improper sur
gical treatment, to become a cripple for
life. While raking grain into bundle,
cradled by my father, I stubbed my toe
and fell on the cradle blade and sev
ered two . of the tendons -of my right
baud. Porty-eight years have elapaed
nd I now ride, with .the manager of'
large farm in an automobile and see
the mighty gasoline combine, cutting.
threshing and sacking the grain on a
thousand-acre farm at one stroke. Thus
have changes come in every vocation
of life. Woman's station has been
taken from her by the machine and.
"queen" though she would be, she must
compete for a livelihood by using type
writer and her quicker hand and per
ception with father, brother, son and '
Other changes have come. Such an
Individual as a millionaire was only
read or told about in some far-off
country. An older brother whose pos
sessions now are estimated at thous
ands of dollars, exclaimed once that
if ever he became worth tlOOO how rich
he would be. The free land that was
open, even to my own opportunity, is
gone. Even were land opportunities
present, when one man or woman or
(save us from the disgraceful custom)
even a child can touch a button, turn
on power produced by a mountain
waterfall miles away and operate a
machine that produces ten times as
much as the operator need consume to
be comfortable and happy; somewhere
there are nine persons, men, women
or children, deprived, to a degree, of the
opportunity to earn a living. It is not
that the nation is lacking in food or
apparel or the things that afford pleas
ure in life, for there is abundance and
plenty for all in the warehouses and
market places. It is that we are lack
ing in opportunity to create these
things for our individual need. So
ciety is out of joint with itself. The
careful, pensive, alert woman has been
forced out of her sphere as wife and
mother into industrial competition with
her still admired and admiring mate
wage competitor . and as a matter of
course she cannot perform two func
tions. Bread-and-butter passion, being
the stronger of the two, receives her
first attention and thus we have not
one million but millions of idle men
with millions of unwilling women
forced to desert their natural func
tions in life for the unnatural though
possible function of earning their own
livelihood. Woman can only return to
her natural sphere when society re
turn to the normal condition that per
mits her to do so.
We do not. as many others, deplore
these conditions. True enlightenment
Is a thing we are never willing to ob
tain. We will pay any price to per
petuate our superstitions and prejudices
and we learn only by chance or en
forced environment. When we do learn
properly to adjust our social and eco
nomic affairs we will not be found
starving amidst plenty, murdering our
brothers by the wholesale nor denying
ourselves the comforts, of happy com
panionship of father, mother or child
hood. Yes; let us not "ridicule" and we can
not "exalt" woman while tho musses
remain absolutely Ignorant of the
source of the evil mentioned in that
letter. We will have reason to "praise
her" when she. through imvino-
divorced from her natural function, will.
wnii ueiier understanding of causes
than men. by means of the ballot re
adjust the affairs of life, whirl. mc.
nave failed to do. and removo the cause
of her divorcement from that which is
her very own. They will then become
mothers of a wiser generation of rn.-n.
C. W. BARZEE.
The Stnklns: of the Orcsden.
SALEM. Or., May 11. rt To the Fl
ltor.) (1) Was the Dresden about to
be Interned when fired upon? (i)
What was her action? (3) Did she run
up her whtte flag, and, if so, was the
firing still continued?
The Dresden was pursued by a Eritlsh
cruiser on March 8 and took refuge In
Juan Fernandez with damaged ma
chinery and short of fuel. According
t n th. KfatAmAn. r . .
..... .....i VL "vounaej otricers
who were taken to Valparaiso she was
attacked by the Kent, Glasgow and
viiunid nue in cnnean waters on the
ntn. After one broadside she hoisted
a flag of truce and sent out a boat to
protest against being attacked in a neu
tral port. The British commander re
plied that he had orders to destroy the
snip ana would do so unless the com
mander blew up the Dresden himself.
The commander then did so. Great
Britain acknowledged that she had
violated Chilean neutrality and apolo
gized. A statement issued later from
Berlin denied that she hoisted the
white flag and said she replied to the
British fire. It is not certain that she
was about to Intern. t
Employment in Knslonil.
PORTLAND. May 11. (To the Edi
tor.) Will you kindly let niE know
If The Oregonian' has at any time stat
ed that 4000 Americans have been sent
to England to engage in the manufac
ture of war material? I am a fairly
close reader of The Oregonian. but
don't remember having seen any such
statement, although I have been in
formed that such Is the case.
J. L. GREENE.
No statement that 000 Americans
had been "sent" to England to engage
in manufacturing war materials has
been published in The Oregonian. It is
possible that that many Americans
have gone voluntarily to accept posi
tions as machinists and electricians.
There is a shortage of machinists in
England and advertisements of oppor
tunity for employment there have been
published In many cities. Including
Remarks of a Fat Man.
Buffalo (N. Y.) Express.
"Say, I've been waiting here for an
hour!" roared the fat man, shaking the
telephone to emphasize his remarks.
1"Oh. girls. Job Is on the phone!" sang
the operator, and the fat man swooneu.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oreronlan. May II, lS',j.
Vancouver, Wash. The delegates to
Clarke County Union convention met
in this place May 8 and adopted a pre
amble expressive of their high regard
and admiration of the late President
of the United States. Tho following
nominations were made: For Joint
Councilman for Clarke, Wahkiakum,
Cowlitz and pacific, 11. K. nines; for
Joint Councilman, Clarke and Klickitat,
Levi Farnsworth; for Representative.
P. A. Maulder. Alvln Clark. A. (1. Tripp.
M. It. Hothaway; tor County Commis
sioner, William Dillen; County Survey
or, Alexander McAndrew; Coroner, lr.
David Wall; Assessor, Mr. Tate. The)
following were elected to serve on the
County Central Committee: Hiram
Cochran, S. It. Whipple, Thomas It.
Turnbull. James M. Fletcher. John
Timmen, F. G. Iman. S. W. Broun
was secretary of the convention.
B. F. Dowell. of Jacksonville, in
forms us that times are unusually good
in Southern Oregon. Mining is a pay
ing business there now and more
money is in circulation than for a long
It has been learned that Jeff Davis
and his flying Cabinet have with them
each about JSO.Ooo in specie, or ;100,
000 in all. Cavalry are on their track
and sanguine of capturing them.
Mark A. King and Eliza F. Jagger
were married yesterday at the resi
dence of Captain It. II. Thompson by
the Rev. P. E. Hyland.
Governor Gibbs has appointed Colo
nel John McCraken. of the Oregon
State Militia. Brigadier-General, vice
Coffin, resigned. Mr. McCraken was
the ranking Colonel.
John Collins has presented this of
fice with a cigar manufactured from
natural leaf grown in Ureson
By the steamer Orizaba came the fol
lowing passengers: Hon. G. K. Cole,
Washington territory; John Green, J.
M. Strowbridge and Dr. It. B. il&on.
The question of "have we a poet
anions us'."' is finally decided by the
loiiowine; documentary evidence whlcn
was deposited in. the express office in
this city yesterday on the envelope
of the letter:
To Georfee W. Smith, an unmarried Kent,
nil podiMni- leu ti,m It ;lc m
To ii.uikj v'iLy I fc.u:i it It. k
In rt-ali'dt halt. by Wi-I.s. l-'uro & Co.
THY NAME SHALL NKVKH DIE.
Uoaring down the mountains high,
A ni-d, foaming watrrfail.
Bursting through the sylvan green.
Leaps the sparkling itiukreall;
Thy proud Indian name, O queen
Of the Willamette's wild btrcanis.
The gift of a forest child
From her fancy's May-day dreams.
Tradition tells tho weird tale
That hurled 'neaili thy angry tide.
In the early trapper-days,
A grim French voyageur died;
Gurgling from thy silent lciiths,
Caiuj the wall: "Lut la my soul!
Tile wild winds wafted it afar,
hut jackdaws i-awed, "l.e Creole"
To that strange, parvenu name.
No waiid'rlng troubadour slns.
No gay minstrel tunes his harp,
No haunting memory clings;
But when the sun's golden ray
Olint the spiral tree-tops tall.
How all the world slna thy praise,
O beautiful itickreail.
Thou child of the blue Coast Range,
The gilt of water sprites sly,
"In whose crystal depths inverted
Springs , a picture of Hie sky";
When the morning sun shines true
On thy bosom's glisfning sheen.
Imaged In tiiy water cleur
Are beautiful mountains green;
'Tis to thee that song birds h1ii.
For thee roses bloom so fair.
For thee fishes leap and play.
And tho wild doe scents the air;
For thee old age smiles and sighs.
To thee gay youth Bings In glee,
As thy rippling waters flow
To the moanlns: Western sea.
How the forest sonKsters sing
.Mongst quivering leaves of green.
How wild classic music flows
From thy shady, sylvan screen;
Sparkling as the golden dawn.
And eternal as the sky.
Lovely as tho wild, red rose,
"Kickreall" shall never die.
J. TV FORD.
Dallas, Or., May 2. 1S15.
If we could make the bluebell .eem
As lovely as in childhood's dream;
If all the stars would glow as bright
As when we gazed on them at night
So long ao.
We'd quicker see tue lcar-tilmmed eye.
Sense sornow when we parsed it by
We'd always know.
If that great hill that lowers above
Could bring again our bo hood's love
Of all that dwells upon its breast.
Its flowers and lis ground-bird a nest
That once we knew.
Unwilling ear would ne'er bo turned
To tales unheeded now, or spurned
We'd count them true.
If the glamor of the road to school.
The clay-bank and the wiinniin-pool.
The vacant house with climiilng rose.
The cornfield with Us thieving crows
Could roni'j aKfaiu.
Our hearts would tender lie. :uid kind.
And souls responsive we would find
In other men.
If all the Joy and mystery
That filled the days that us-d to be,
Could clothe BKaln the weary hours
And fringe the dusty road with flowers
For you and me.
Our hearts would tenderly incline
To all who suffer anil repine.
Ah, could we give our wishes wings
To bear us to diviner thliiKO
We'd children be.
MARY H. FORCE,
You may win your place. O Dreamers.
Win that place for whleh you lone,
'Mid the glad sun's glorious streamers.
In your mystic land of song.
Then may your wish be granted.
Thus at last the prir.e be won
Your eagle banners planted.
In the white glare of the sun.
You may -win your place, O Dreamers.
Hut Is It worth the gain.
If to gain those blazoned streamers
You must climb o'er heaps of slain?
Hope will turn to vain regretting.
Daring will give place to fear.
For your blood-dyed sun In setting
Will leave naught but darkness here.
Build Your Fences
Mr. Manufacturer, this Is the time
to build your business fence.
It will not be long before the war
Is over and Europe Is once more
Tl,3t means keener competition at
home, even if it does bring wider
Now Is the time to so entrench
your product In public opinion that
competition Is difficult.
Advertise In the dally newspa
pers. Get close to the consumer and
distributor at the same time.
Make your position secure.