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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1915)
mi v a
VOL. L.V NO. 1G.904.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, MAY .13, 1015.
1R1CE FIVE CENTS.
1 a . i i
U D EH D ED
Germany Galled to Ac
count by Wilson.
ACTS HELD INDEFENSIBLE
United States to Leave Noth
ing Undone to Enforce Com-
pliance With Request.
PRESIDENT REVISES NOTE
Final Draft Is Friendly in
Terms, but Is Unmistak
ably Firm in Tone.
" WASHINGTON, May 12. The
United States, in a note to be sent to
Germany tomorrow, demands a guar
antee that there will be no further at
tacks by submarines on merchant
fhips carrying non-combatants.
It serves notice also that full rep
aration will be sought for the loss of
more than 100 American lives in the
Kinking of the Lusitania and for other
violations of American rights in the
sea zones of war.
President Revises Document.
The document was to have been
cabled tonight, but the President,
after conferences with Counsellor
Robert Lansing, of the State Depart
ment, made several changes in legal
detail and then revised it alone in his
study tonight. It will be dispatched
tomorrow, and it is expected to be
made public soon after.
While no indication is given of the
steps to be taken by the United
States in the event of an unfavorable
reply, the note informs the German
government that the American Gov
ernment will leave nothing undone,
cither in diplomatic representations or
other action, to obtain a compliance
with its requests.
Principal Points Outlined. '
No changes were made in the. es
sentials of the communication as
formulated Sunday by the President
and approved by the Cabinet yester
day. The principal points in the note
are substantially as follows:
1. The United States Government
calls attention to the various inci
dents in the war zone proclaimed by
Germany around the British Isles and
the sinking of the British liner Fal
aba, with the loss of Leon C. Thresh
er, an American; the attack by Ger
man airmen on the American steamer
Cushing; the torpedoing without
warning of the American steamer
Gulflight, flying the Stars and
Stripes, and finally the torpedoing
without warning of the Lusitania,
with its loss of more than 1000 lives
of non-combatants, among them more
than 100 Americans.-
Act Held Indefensible.
2. These acts are declared to be
indefensible under international law.
The United States points out that it
never admitted Germany's right to
do them and warned the imperial gov
ernment that it would be held to a
"strict accountability" for attacks on
American vessels or lives. A strict
accounting, therefore, is now asked
3. The usual financial reparation
will be sought, although Germany is,
in effect, reminded that no reparation
can restore the lives of those sacri
ficed in the sinking of the Lusitania
and other ships.
4. Expressions of regret may com
ply with the legal precedents, but
they are valueless unless accom
panied by a cessation of the practices
endangering lives' of non-combatants.
5. The right of neutrals to travel
any point of the high seas on neu
tral or belligerent merchantmen is
Guarantee Against Repetition Asked.
6. In the name of humanity and
international law, the United States
demands a guarantee that these
rights will be respected and that there
be no repetition of the attacks on
merchantmen carrying . non-combatants.
7. The giving of warnings to the
American' public without officially
communicating them to the United
states Government ia commented on in
connection with the German embassy's
printed advertisement before the sail
iCouciudwd on Page S. Column 3.
ITALY PUTS WAR
UP TO PARLIAMENT
DECISION" BELIEVED REACHED
AT CABINET MEETING..
Germans Arriving in Switzerland Say
It Is o Longer Safe to Speak
Language in Milan or Turin.'
HOME, via Paris, May 12. A meeting
of the Council of Ministers, held today,
to discuss the-situation in Italy and
Austria lasted over two hours. At its
conclusion no communication was is
sued as to the results arrived at. but
it is believed a decision was reached
for tho Cabinet to go before the Par
liament and submit the existing situa
tion to that body.
Reports are in circulation to the-effect
that there are differences of opin
ion between Premier Salandra and some
of his Ministers, especially Baron Son
nlno, the. Foreign Minister, but the
Giornale d'ltalia says the accord be
tween the Ministers is perfect.
Both Premier Salandra and Baron
Sonnino, in the Council of Ministers,
informed their colleagues concerning
all the phases of the delicate and dif
ficult negotiations and the obstacles
that had to be overcome, and received
their full adhesion to all the resolu
tions which had been taken with a
view to accomplishing the national pro
gramme, according to the newspaper.
GENEVA, via Taris. May 12. The
Austrian government has issued an or
der that ail Austrian ships in Italian
waters proceed at once to Trieste or
. Germans arriving in Switzerland
from Italy say it is no longer safe to
speak German on tho streets of Milan
or Turin. They say that several Ger
mans have been handled roughly by
crowds. Two are reported to have been
nearly lynched at Brescia.
The correspondent at Rome of the
Journal de Geneve says he is able to
affirm that Italy's intervention in the
war has been absolutely decided on.
"The government." the correspondent
adds, "shortly will take steps which
will leave no doubt about Italy's in
tention, and when the Cabinet appears
before Parliament May 20 that body
will ratify an accomplished fact,"
FLEET REVIEW TO BE HELD
Arrangements for President's Visit
to Xew York Are Made.'
WASHINGTON, May 12. Secretary
Daniels today told . inquirers he had
not even considered abandoning the re
view of the Atlantic fleet in New York.
When last he talked with President
Wilson. Mr. Daniels added, the Presi
dent had not altered his purpose to go
to New York for the review on May
17 and IS.
President Wilson is carrying forward
his plans to attend the review and in
tends to leave here Saturday on the
yacht Mayflower. He probably will
make a brief address at a luncheon
in his honor at New York Monday,
given by the committee named by
Police Commissioner Woods, of New
York, was at the White House today
making arrangements for the Presi
SMOKING PLEA IS DENIED
Mr. Daly Opposed to Use of Tobacco
The City Council yesterday adopted
the recommendation of Commissioner
Daly that a proposed amendment to the
streetcar smoking ordinance allowing
smoking on the three rear seats of
open cars receive "no further consid
eration." The action was taken with
out comment. Petitions signed by 7500
persons asking favorable action upon
the amendment were sent to the offi
The petitions were circulated by a
number of business men. Upon being
submitted to City Auditor Barbur they
were referred to Commissioner Daly
for investigation and report. Mr. Daly
says he does not believe in smoking on
any kind of streetcars.
TURKS RIOT IN CAPITAL
Many Are Ilcportca Killed in Con
GENEVA, via Paris, May 12. The
Journal de Geneve has received a dis
patch from Saloniki saying that many
persons have been killed or injured In
tbe course of riots in. Constantinople.
Mobs numbering thousands, the news
paper says, pillaged the principal
shops and hotels. The Sultan's guard
has been called out.
According to this information, the
Pera Palace Hotel, the largest and
most pretentious European hotel in
the city, was sacked. The police were
Food prices In Constantinople have
doubled and there Is widespread mis
ery among the poorer classes.
WILSON AND TAFT AGREE
Ex-President Expresses Confidence
in Successor in Lusitania Affair.
WASHINGTON, May 12. President
Wilson today received a letter from ex
President Taft expressing confidence in
his ability to handle the situation grow
ing out of the sinking of the Lusitania.
The President has written a reply to
Mr. Taft thanking him warmly.
Mr. Taft. in his letter expressed his
views of what should be done in the
present situation. While the letter waa
not made public, it is understood that
Mr. Taft and the President are in sub
btantial accord in the general principles
underlying the attitude of the United
GERMAN. SHOPS III
Angry Crowds Attack
SMOULDERING HATRED FLAMES
London Market Boycotts Sub
jects of Enemy Nations. '
POLICE ALMOST HELPLESS
Organized -Kiots - SaUcI to Be About
io Start- All Classes Share Auti
Gcrnian reeling and Britain
May Interne Alien 'Foes.
LONDON, May 12. The sinking of the
eteamer Lusitania has aroused to a vio
lent climax the smouldering hatred and
suspicion of " Germans living in Eng
land. This animosity has found expres
sion during the last 21 hours in attacks
on Germans, principally on their shops
in the poor quarters of London and
Liverpool while there have been minor
disturbances in Manchester, Birkenhead,
Glasgow and a few other places.
Windows in many German shops were
smashed and some were pillaged. The
proprietors of the shops generally were
driven away by angry crowds. None
of the persons attacked are reported
to have been seriously injured, but a
considerable number were more or leas
beaten and their clothes were torn. One
or two shops have been set on fire by
Boycott Ik Spontaneous.
A spontaneous movement has devel
oped in the London market to boycott
subjects of enemy countries and sup
plies were -refused small dealers who
appeared today and many of them were
driven away by crowds.
The police forces of tooth London
and Liverpool have been depleted by
enlistments, in the army and special
constables have been called out to help
the regulars.' These constables, how
ever, are mostly citizens without ex
perience In police work and the mobs
have often got the better Of them.
A number of police have been injured
during thr; riotings.
W Oman Sent to Jail.
Many of the disturbers of peace were
brought before the police courts today
and received punishment in sentences
ranging from four months' imprison
ment, imposed on one Liverpool wom
an, to a 4 shilling fine.
In several instances English. Swiss
and Russian shops bearing Teutonic
names have been mistaken by the riot
ers for German homes and suffered the
same damage as the German shops.
There was a rumor tonight that or
ganized riots would be started at mid
night, and large forces of police and
constables were placed on duty.
The anti-German feeling is in no wise
confined to the lower classes of the
(Concluded on Page 6. Column 4.)
"ONE FLAG, ONE LAND, ONE HEART, ONE HAND, ONE
mm : imX
jjT ; J&go!? j
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Weether. .
xr.siiMUAl s maximum temperature,
6rt.O degrees: minimum. -48.6 degree.
TODAY'S Shower, variable winds, mostly
British eye witness discribes violent battle!
near Ypres. Page 1.
Angry British rioters smash German shops
in England. Page 1.
Bryc committee in Britain reports on
atrocities in Belgium. Page 2.
Violent battles continue on western front.
Italy puis war up to Parliament. Page 1.
Russians say enemy lost 100,000 in nine da; s"
fighting. Page 3.
Wilson's note lo Germany wili demand repa
ration and guarantee against repetition
of attacks. Page 1.
Lumbermen in convention told they must
organize to face . soriuua menace to in-,
dustr.v. - Page 5.
Paciric Coast League results: Oakland 2.
Portland 1; J5an Francisco , Venice 3;
Salt Lake 4, Los Angeles 1. Fags 12.
Kighty-one athletes llted for high school
meet at I'nivcrslty of Oregon. Page LI.
Christy Mathewson wins his Ilrst game of
State Grange committee's report at Tilla
mook strongly urges rural creUit law.
Bankers at Newbcrg bear plea for boys and
girls of Oregon to raise pigs. Page 6.
Oregon cattle prices range high at Polk
County sale. Page 3.
Commercial and Marine.
Oregon, Idaho and Texas growers hold wool
for publio sale. Page 17.
Wheat closes lower at Chicago after many
fluctuations. Page IT. .
Stock market unsettled by unconfirmed ru
mors. Page 17.
M. H. Houser loads last vessel for Australian
cereal shipment. Page. 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
W. Ogan lnses dams so suit against Albert
Grossneck. Page 11.
Jitney measure- put up to vote of people
in June. Page 17.
Road bond issue of 1.2rw.ooo brings pre
mium of l-0,6o. Paga 18.
New candidiates for Rose Festival queen
likely to be entered today. Page 6.
John F Cordray resigns from management
of Peoples Amusement Company. Page 18.
Mothers of Northwest arc here for congress.
New movie programme novel and entertain
ing. Page 0.
Mayor opposes . meter system. Page It.
Girls at Washington High School decide on
arm bouquets for graduation. Page 13.
Miss Hazel Koonta of "Belles and Beaux of
Uixle !-and" elopes with Plnkerton .Day.
TYPHUS IN GERMAN CAMPS
Prisoners Held nt Several Places
LONDON, May 12. Sir Kdward Grey,
the British Koreign Secretary, has re
ceived through Walter Hines Page, the
American Ambassador at London, and
James W. Gerard, the American Am
bassador to Germany, a dispatch which
says that typhus fever is present in
the following German prison veamps.
where there are British prisoners of
war: Zossen, Altdamm, Schneidermuhl,
Gardelegen, Wittenberg.'Zerbst, Sagan,
Cassel, Langensalsea and Chemnitz.
The cases at Zossen an: said to be
confined to Russian prisoners and a
few of the Indian troops.
DR. PIERCE IS SENTENCED
rortland-Scattlc Man Pleads Guilty
to Mail-Kraufd Charge.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 12. Dr. T. J.
Pierce, who conducted a medical busi
ness at Portlajid and Seattle, was sen
tenced to six months in jail today by
United States District Judge T. Dool
ing upon his. plea of guilty to fraudu
lent use of the mails.
Pierce recently forfeited his bond and
was brought back from Seattle on a
GERMAN ATTACK Ofl
YPRES LINE FURIOUS
Momentous Battle in
West Is Described.
GREAT MASSES POURED IN
Front Broken at Many Points
in All-Night Fighting.
FOE'S STRATEGY PRAISED
Information or Contemplated Press
ure by Allies Causes Germans
to Execute Movement to
LONDON. May 12. The official Brit
ish eyewitness, under date of May 11.
gives an account of tho German at
tempts on Saturday and Sunday last to
break the British lines around Ypres.
and the commencement of the Anglo-
French offensive north of Arras. He
"The calm that prevailed Thursday
and Friday proved to be only the lull
before the storm. Early Saturday
morning it became apparent that trie
Germans were preparing an attack in
strength against our lino running east
and northeast from Ypres, for they
were concentrating under cover of a
violent artillery fire and at about 10
o'clock the battle began in earnest. .
I'maure Exerted en Whole Front.
"At that hour the Germans attacked
our line from the Ypres-Foelcapelle
road to within a short distance of the
Menin high road, it being evidently
their intention, while engaging us
closely on the whole of this sector, to
break our front in the vicinity of the
Y'pres-Roulers railway, to the north
and to the south of which their strong
est and most determined assaults were
"Under this pressure our front was
penetrated at some points around Fre
zenberg and at. 4:30 o'clock in the
afternoon, we made a counter-attack
between the Zonnebcke road and the
railway- in order to recover the lost
ground. Our offensive was conducted
most gallantly, but was checked bo
fore long by the fire of machine guns.
Kreah Troops Threaten Wine.
"Meanwhile the enemy launched an
other attack through the woods south
of Menin road and at the same time
threatened our left to . the north ol
Ypres with fresh masses. Most des
perate fighting ensued, the German in
fantry coming on again and again and
gradually forcing our troops back,
though only for a short distance, in
spite of repeated counter-attacks.
"During the night the fighting con
tinued to rage with ever-increasing
fury. It is impossible to say at ex
actly what hour our line was broken
(ConcliKiod on reJ,Cou5i
Wednesdays War Moves
ANOTHER big battle has been added,
to those taking place in Flanders
and -West Galicia, the Russians having
the offensive In Eastern Galicia, Buko
wina and along the Dneister River.
According to the Russian r-Trts the
Muscovites Irave drive" o strians
back along a fro"-'" -o than 40
miles, captu'l)Vt -y prisoners and
maklnr 0 O . haul of booty. The
RussU -.so are said to have taken
energetic action against the Germans
who raided their Baltic provinces and
to have recaptured the town of Shat-ll,
while in Central Poland they are on the
offensive along the Bzura Kiver.
Heavy fighting also is reported from
the Gallipoll Peninsula and the Dar
danelles, where the Anglo-French
troops on Friday last had advanced to
the vicinity of Krithia, some five miles
from the point where they landed and
from the entrance to tho straits. Since
then the fleet has recommenced a. heavy
bombardment of the forts in the nar
rows, an Indication, it is believed here,
that the troops have got in such good
positions that they no longer require
the support of the ships' fire.
The greatest interest, however, cen
ters in the great battles which are j
ing fought from the Belgian coast to
Arras, in Northern France, and the
battle in Western Galicia, where the
Russians are still falling back before
the onslaught of the Germanic allies.
In the battle in Flanders the Ger
mans continue their attacks against
the British lines east of Ypres, where
they on Saturday and Sunday and al
most daily since then have launched
tremendous attacks. These attacks, ac
cording to the narrative of the official
British "eye'witness." bad some initial
success, but since have been repulsed
with unvarying regularity until the
"ground is literally heaped with dead."
The narrative says the action "resolved
itself, on our part, into pure killing."
The "eyewitness" adds that the d
fenders also suffered heavy losses, as
they had to counter-attack In an at
tempt to regain ground won at the
start by the Germans, which they still
Farther south toward Arras and
south and east of that town the French
offensive continues to meet with con
siderable success, although the French
have lost some trenches which they had
won in front of the town of Loos. The
German attacks on the British were
made inauticipation of an Anglo-French
offensive, which some critics believe to
be "the big push" which had been ex
pected at this time, although others are
of the opinion that General Joffre is
only "nibbling" at the German lines in
an effort to induce them to counter at
tack. In which he expects them to lose
heavily even when they are successful.
The Russians admit that they are
still retreating in Western Galicia,
while the Austrl4iis and Germans make
greater claims and say that besides
crossing the San River they have tap
lured many towns on tho northern
slopes of the Carpathians and right
across to the Polish border and are
forcing the Russians to give up many
of their hard-won positions In those
Their advance eastward has brought
the Austro-German army nearly within
striking distance of Przemysl, and mil
itary observes believe that unless the
Russians can make a stand on the River
Han the fortress of Przemysl, the fall
of which caused such a great Impres
sion a few weeks ago, will soon again
be in the hands of its original owners.
American action with regard to the
sinking of the Lusitania and the Hal
Ian situation, are the outstanding dip
lomatic features of the war. The lat
est news from Rome is that the Italian
government intends to constitute Par
liament an arbiter on the question of
peace or war.
GOVERNOR HAS BUSY DAY
Trips to Independence and Portland
for Addresses Break Up Routine.
SALEM, Or.. May 12. (Special.)
This was a strenuous day for Governor
Withycombe. After parsing two hours
in his'offke in the morning he mounted
his Kentucky mare, "Loretta," and went
to Independence, where he delivered
an address at a public sale of Jersey
Returning to Salem, he put in several
hours' work at his office and then
went to Portland to deliver an address
at the convention of the 'Congress of
WINTER WAR PLANS MADE
Germans Are Making Great Prepar
ations in Belgium.
THE HAGUE, via London. May 12.
The German troops will be clothed in
grass-green, uniforms during the Sum
mer, according to private Information
received here from Ghent, where a
large factory is said to be working
day and night making the new cloth
ing. Field gray will be the color worn
again in next Winter's campaign, for
which the Germans are making great
preparations, according to the stories
of persons arriving in Holland.
LAST THOUGHT GIVEN TOTS
"Let's Save Kiddies," Said Vander
bilt on Sinking Liner.
LONDON. May II. "There is one in
cident the world will remember in con
nection with the sinking of the Lusi
tania," said the Bishop of London to
day, while presiding at a meeting of
the Waifs and Strays Society.
"When Alfred G. Vanderbilt was face
to face with death he said to his valet:
'Come and let us save the kiddles.'
Those words will run round the world
in a way no millionaire's millions
MOTHERS ARE HERE
TO PLAN FOR 600D
Congress Brings Many
BUSINESS TO BEGIN TODAY
National Officers Find West
ern Accomplishments Great.
RECEPTION TO BE NOTABLE
Teachers Arc to I-'orc to Have I'art.
Trip Over Columbia Highway and
Social Arrairs Will Bo l'ca
tnrcs of Big Gathering.
BV EDITH KXICIIT HOLMES.
The 19th annual convention of tbe
National Congress of Mothers nnd
Parent - Tncher Associations opened
last nlaht In Library Hall 'Willi an at
tendance that taxed the capacity of the
auditorium. Intense interest whs fhn n
by thoHe attending. Mm. Fredorio
ShorY, of Philadelphia, the National
president, who gave one of the prin
cipal addresses of the evening, was
greeted with enthusiastic applause.
Cordial greetings from Governor
.lames Withycombe bespoke the hospi
tality of the State of Oregon. He as
sured the delegate of his loyally in
the caur of child welfare.
rronlnrsl I'olk .le (Arreting.
Others from whom greetings came
were Mayor Albee. J. A. Churchill, State
Superintendent of Schools: Mrs. Kate
Waller Barrett, Mrs. Sarah A. 1-Jans.
Mrs. Jennie M. Kemp. Mrs. L. T. Tag
gart, representing leading organization
of the state. Mrs. Orvllln T. Bright, of
Chicago, one of the National vice-presidents,
gracefully responded to the
words of welcome.
Mrs. Robert JI. Tate, honorary presi
dent of the Oregon Congress of Mothers
and a National vice-president, expressed
the spirit of the Western hostesses in
her welcoming words. She ald:
"I extend to you a hearty welcome!
It is, Indeed, a privilege to be per-
mitted to speak a word of greeting
on this occasion, the first meeting of its
kind held In Oregon.
latrat of Meetla; Outlined.
"We are assembled here in the in-trrc-st
of building. Building bodies and
character of boys and girls who in a
few years will mature Into men and
women lhat we trust may represent
"We are convening for the purpose
of devising plans which will enable
us to build the superstructures better.
Tho fouivdatlon lias been laid by the
divine builder and each tiny bit of
humanity he has given over to the
nurture and guidance of parents mean
that theirs is the privilege and tho
responsibility to study constructive
methods that will lead to the most per
fect development, not only physically
and mentally put morally and spiritual
ly." Mrs. Arirtene Felts urged strength
ening of the home tics and the encour
agement of peace. She said:
"In the education of our children in
the thoughts of peace, as In all our
educational work, we are more and
more impressed with the necessity of
making the home the center of all ac
tivity. Conscience Declared Asleep.
"The modern social and economical
life is leading more and more away
from the home. Our public conscience
is asleep on this subject, while our
boys and girls are Hnding tliclr Joys
and activities outside the home. We
have as a motto for this condition,
'Come, let us live with our children.'
Let us take the thought of this rnotto
ijito our lives. Let us increase the re
sourcefulness of the home and make
it more attractive for the children.
Again, in behalf of the Oregon Con
gress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher
Associations, I bid you welcome."
The convention will open in earnest
at 9:30 o'clock today. Mrs. Frederick
Schoff will give her official report. The
reports of officers and state presidents
will be read. There will be a visit to
the Parents' ICducatlonal Bureau in the
Courthouse, where a demonstration
will take place at 1:30 o'clock, rele
gates will convene in Library Hall at
W. C. Pearce. of Chicago, secretary
of the International Sunday School As
sociation, will give the address. Mrs.
Orville T. Bright, Miss Beatrice Locke,
of New York, and Mi?s Clara Meisncr
will be among the speakers.
flrceptlon la Tonight.
The reception at the Hotel Benson
tonight will be the big public social
function of the convention. Mra. R. K.
Bondurant is chairman of the commit
tee. The meeting in the library are
open to the public. The title of the
organization. Congress of Mothers and
Parent-Teacher Associations, includes
the fathers as well as the mothers and
places an equal importance in the work
of the teachers, who are recognized as
being great factor for good In the
lives of the children.
Friday's programme for the morn
ing Includes reports of the following
Parent-Teacher Associations, Mrs. C.
E. Beach. Olympia; child hygiene, Mrs.
Robert H. Tate, Portland; membership,
Mrs. Chariea C. Noble. Los Angeles:
Child Welfare Magazine, Mrs. Milton
P. Higgins, Worcester, Mass.; kinder
garten extension. Miss Bessie Locke.
(Concluded oa fs 2. Column 2.).