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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 28, 1915)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL' 28. 1915,
FOE OF INHUMANITY
Maltreatment by Germans of
British Prisoners Declared
' . Proved Beyond Doubt.
fM EN SHOT BY CAPTORS
Wanton Insulting- and Striking of
Officers, Even AVlien Wounded,
Declared Frequent Vsc of As
4 phyxiating Gas Denounced.
LONDON. April 27. War Secretary
Kitchener told the House of Lords to
day that British prisoners had been
insulted, maltreated and even shot
down by their German captors. He
made a statement to the House on this
subject in which he said in part:
"I have been forced with reluctance
to accept as indisputably true the mal
treatment by the German army of Brit
ish prisoners. The Hague convention
has been fragrantly disregarded by
German officers. Our prisoners hav
been stripped and maltreated in various
ways and In some cases the evidence
Koes to prove that they have been shot
in cold blood. Our officers, even when
wounded, have been wantonly insulted
and frequently struck."
Inhumanity Declared Established.
Karl Kitchener said that as a soldier
ho hitherto had always held officers of
the German army in respect, but "con
stant tewtimony that has come in from
our own escaped prisoners, and from
French. Russian, Belgian and American
soldiers, has brought it home to all
who have sifted the evidence that the
Inhumanity displayed by the German
authorities toward British prisoners es
pecially is beyond doubt."
The Secretary quoted articles from
the convention adopted at The Hague
relating to the treatment of prisoners
of war and asserted that they had been
disregarded flagrantly by German offi
cers if e added:
"I think it only fair and right to
say that the German hospitals snouia
be excepted in any charges of delib
Military Conragte Proved.
"Germany has for many years posed
before the civilized world as a great
military nation. She has abundantly
proved her military skill and courage.
But surely it was also for her. to set
up a standard of military honor and
conduct which would gain her the re
epect. if not the friendship of nrtions.
Instead, she has stooped to acts which
will surely stain indelibly her military
onH whlrh would vie with the
barbarous savagery of the dervishes of
"I do not think there can be a sol
dier of any nationality, even among the
Germans themselves, who is not heart
ily ashamed of the slur which has
been thus brought upon the profession
of arms. The usages of war have not
only been outraged by the infliction of
cruelties on British prisoners, but by a.
contrivance which must have arrested
Your Lordships" attention the Germans
have in the last week Introduced a
method of placing their opponents hors
du combat by the use of asphyxiating
and deleterious gases and they employ
iv.a.. nniKnnous methods to prevail
when their attack, according to the
rulen of war, might otherwise have
31KIT1SH CR1TICISK POLICV
Ilcgrct Expressed in Parliament for
Segregation of Submarine Crews.
LONDON. April 27. The British Par
liament occupied itself BOlely today
with discussions on the treatment of
British prisoners of war In Germany.
3n both the House of Lords and the
House of Commons the gratitude was
expressed for the efforts that have
been made by the United States to
ameliorate the condition of the pris
oners. Lord Kitchener's speechtn the House
of Lords, which, as a soldier, he aaid
he lamented what ho was convinced
was German inhumanity toward Brit
ish soldiers, was the most noteworthy
expression of the day. There were,
however, equally striking notes In both
houses notably by Lord Lansdowne.
leader of the opposition, and Lord
Cromer, who expressed regret in the
House of Lords that the British Ad
miralty had seen fit to segregate cap
tured German submarine crews, and by
Tremier Asquith. in the House of Com
mons, who declared that at the end of
the war tho British people would exact
reparation. No definite course of
action concerning the treatment of
prisoners was agreed on by either
In the House of Commons Neil Prim
Tose said that American officials al
ready had visited 16 prisoner camps in
Germany and that the reports thus far
received had shown improvement in the
treatment that was being accorded the
British prisoners held in them.
(iERJIAX RAPS AMERICAN" PRESS
bulk of the Canadian forces, who main
tained their calmness, although their
position became a promontory in the
"At times they had a double front,
some trenches facing northeast and
others southwest. They adapted their
trenches to meet the new demands and
transformed the back into the front.
In any maneuver they would have been
adjudged annihilated, but they held on
and made good. They tied handker
chiefs over their noses to protect them
selves from the gas fumes.
"It was only the Canadians' wonder
ful stand on the promontory, main
tained many hours and varied by bay
onet charges, that checked the Germans
and enabled the Canadians to retire in
good order and re-form the general
"A summing up of the situation
shows, however, that the Germans
gained a good deal. They flattened
the allies" salient northeast of Yprea
and one point has become .-. German
salient. Moreover, the Germans hold
the arc around Tpres, which facilitates
their offensive. Several villages east
of the canal and one village on the
left bank now are debatable ground."
REPRISALS NOT TO CHANGE BRIT
Wlmton Spencer Churchill Says Ger
man Submarine Men Captured Will
Be In Distinct Catesrory.
LONDON, April 27. Winston Spencer
Churchill, first lord of the Admiralty,
explained Great Britain's policy in the
matter of the treatment of German
sailors captured on board submarines
in the House of Lords today. Answer
ing a question, Mr. Churchill said:
"We cannot admit that the reprisals
which Germany has taken against num
bers of our own officers can be allowed
to deflect us from a policy which we
regard as humane and just in itself.
incidents like the sinking of the
Oriole at night without warning (the
Oriole ' presumably was lost early in
February with a crew of 20 men); the
sinking of the Falaba (with' a loss of
more ' than 10O lives) and the blowing
up. of llshing vessels decided the gov
ernment, Mr. Churchill declared, to
place all submarine prisoners taken
after February 18, and so long as this
system of warfare continued, in a dis
The speaker pointed out that the con
ditions under which these prisoners
were confined today were in every way
AMERICANS GD TO FRONT
AMBULAJfCE CORPS GETS SPECIAL
PRIVILEGE IN FRANCE.
Stars and Stripes to Float Along; Llae
of Battle W. K. Vanderbllt Sends
40,000 to Further Work.
PARIS. April 27. The American flag,
on American ambulances, will soon be
seen close up to tha fighting fronts on
various parts of the western battle line.
Commandant Girard, director of the au
tomobile ambulances of the French
army, has arranged with Dr. Edmund
Gros, chief surgeon of the American
Ambulance Corps in France, to send
these ambulances to tho vicinity of the
trenches. They will go under the same
conditions as the French military am
bulances, instead of being used as here
tofore for transportation purposes,
somewhat in the rear. The Americana
are the only neutrals to whom this
privilege has been accorded.
Dr. Gros has received two checks of
$20,000 each from William K. Vander
bllt, of New York. One check is for
the ambulance service and the other for
the hospital fund.
Criticism of Use of Asphyxiating Gas
Shows Partiality, Is View.
NEW YORK, April 27. Dr. Bernhard
Ternburg, ex-Colonial Secretary of the
German .Empire, issued a statement to
day relating to the use of asphyxiating
jrases by the Germans in trench war
fare. Dr. Dernburg asserted that when
there was published last November re
ports of a French Invention for the
purpose of asphyxiating enemies by
nauseating gases, the endipg of the war
in favor of the- allies nvaa predicted
with "a great deal of satisfaction" by
fh. American nress.
"As soon as the Gernfans used the
eamo kind of weapon in the battle
around Yores, tho denunciation of Ger
many for following the practice of her
adversaries has been rampant, and the
most invective sort of epithets has
been employed," Dr. Dernburg adds.
This was cited as an-illustration of
the reasons why German sympathizers
in America consider ' tho American
press unfair and unneutral and why
Germany does not believe in the im
partiality of public opinion in this
CHEHAL1S CANNERY TO RISE
Ground Broken for Plant Expected
to Handle This Season's Crops.
CHEHALIS, Wash., April 27. (Spe
cial.) Ground was broken today for
the fruit and vegetable cannery being
erected by the Lewis County Canning
Association. The sito Is directly be
tween the Union' passenger depot and
the Milwaukee s new branch line to
Willapa Harbor. The executive com
mittee yesterday went carefully over
the various estimates.
At the south end of the structure a
receiving station 20 by 50 feet will be
built, the roof of the main structure to
extend over the receiving station and
an additional 10 feet over the street
adjoining to afford shelter for teams.
The plans for the building are with
the idea of making a cannery that will
be up-to-date in every particular. The
work will be rushed as rapidly as pos
sible and it is hoped to have the plant
complete and equipped in time to
handle a good part of the crop this season
LABOR-BUREAU TO MEET
Secretary Wilson Calls Conference
to IHseuss Employment.
WASHINGTON, April 27. A National
conference to consider the work of the
Federal employment bureau and prob
lems of labor distribution and ex
changes in the United States was called
tonight by Secretary of Labor Wilson
to meet in San Francisco August 2.
Letters to the Governor of each state.
the heads of state labor bureaus, labor
statisticians and immigration officials
throughout the country and to Mayors
of cities having municipal employment
offices, were mailed today by Socretary
Wilson, inviting them to attend the con
ference in person, or to designate rep
The most important object of the con
ferences, Mr. Wilson said, will be to
effect some system of co-operation be
tween the Department of Labor and the
state and municipal authorities to pre
vent duplication in the work. .
f CANADIANS SAVE ALLIES
I Position Held Even AVhen It Be-
I LONDON. April 27. To the Canadians
belongs the honor of spoiling the Ger
: mans' plan in Flanders, according to a
.' dispatch to the Daily Mall from its
- correspondent in Northern France. They
' were supported In turn by a French
' force, by Zouaves, by Belgians and by
Knglish regiments. The guns they lost
' temporarily were not behind their ine,
but on the left side.
"The flood of the German advance,"
,avs the Mail's correspondent, "cloaked
under smoke and sulphurous gases, con.
tcred around these guns and passed 'the
MAY DAY PAGEANT IS SET
Albany College to Present "Robin
Hood" on Campus lYlday.
ALBANY, Or.. April 27. (Special.)
The pageant. "Robin Hood." will be
presented on the campus of .Albany
College by students of the Institution
at the annual May day exercises, which
will be held next Friday afternoon.
There also will be a concert by the
Albany College Girls' Glee Club and
the college male quartet also will sing.
Tho Y. W. C. A. of the college will
serve a cafeteria supper on the campus
at the close of the afternoon exercises
and preceding the evening concert.
Miss Lora Warmington will reign as
Queen and will be attended by Misses
Helen Hulbert, Gladys McKnight, Vesta
Lamb and Nelson McDonald as maids
of honor. Irvin Custer will be master
I've Santtweptle After SbnTlnff.;'
Rinralarlr soothlnff. cooltnsrand refreshing.
Leaves soft, velvety finish. Instantly relieves
aud prevents irritation, iou II like its clean
ly, healthy odor. 00c.. All drusslsta. 12
THEATER Washington at Park
Today, Thursday, Friday and Saturday Only
The Most-Talked-of Drama of the
Day a Sensation
A Moral Lesson for
Mothers and Daughters
A Greater Lesson
for Fathers and Sons
J I J w t J.Lr
TT TT YTTSxTT
An exposure of White Slavery, with its glittering dens
A story by a Government Secret Service Agent who
was ferreting out Pariahs.
v Every young girl who is not under the protection of a
mother should see "The Lure."
Real life scenes taken from gaudy Traps for the Inno
cent. Five Acts of Sensation.
CAN SUCH THINGS BE?
1 i 8 m , Vi , ras .nii.ij,,.
TASK IS NOT -EASY
British Press Says Advantage
in Dardanelles Is Lost.
ualties reported today was Major-General
von Seydewitz, commander of a
reserve infantry regiment, who was
killed April 25. General von Seydewitz
had .the Iron Cross of both, the first
and second class.
SURPRISE NOT POSSIBLE
Cabinet Criticised for Not Jlaklns
Attack Jointly by Land and Sea
in First Instance Need of
LONDON, April 27. The Times to
day points out that Great Britain now,
with the attack on the Dardanelles in
progress, has seven campaigns on her
hands and that after tne nanaern wat
tle the advance against tne aeiensea
of the Dardanelles promises to be the
most costly in men ajid material, espe
cially, it declares, as blunders made
In the Spring have cieprivea me am
of all the advantages of surprise ana
given the Turks ample time to
strengthen their defenses.
"The - operations appear to nave oe-
pun successfully," says the Times' mil
itary correspondent, "isoining as yei
has been revealed as to where the
troops were landed, but it was probably
at the southwest end of the Gallipoli
Peninsula, the reported landing at Enos
having been a feint, Neither is any
thing known concerning tne numoer oi
Task Far From EaT.
"Advancing from Enos. General Ian
Hamilton would be obliged to meet
all the Turkish armies and to incur
other disadvantages, but with troops
posted aeross the peninsula and his
flanks covered and protected by the
fleet, he will be in a much stronger
position, although the task to be ac
complished is far from easy.
"It is now. however, being carried
out as it ought to have been begun,
namely, conjointly by the two serv
ices and not by one alone.
"It is now more than ever impor
tant to realize that General French's
movements have been hampered by a
want of sufficient ammunition. tne
casualty lists' tell their own tale. The
consumption of ammuntion by the
troops is immense and is certain to
increase rather tnan to aiminisn.
the front they are asking when the
new armies are to take the field."
Britain Is Crammed With Troop.
The correspondent says there la no
justification for assuming that the en
tire 36 divisions of British troops men
tioned uy Chancellor of the Exchequer
Lloyd George in a recent speech in the
Mouse of Commons are actually in
"Mr. Lloyd George." the correspond
ent continues, "made no such claim.
England is literally crammed with
troops at the moment when decisive
operations in the western theater are
imminent, and if our operations are
not successful, the blame will be with
the Cabinet, who ought to know what
preparations the Germans are making
in the west."
With regard to the battle in Flanders,
the correspondent says the German at
tack was successful beyond anything
that can be hoped for, but that there
is no sign that there is any general
"We may therefore reasonably hope."
the correspondent says in conclusion,
"that the .allies, by a combined and
energetic action, will re-establish their
NOME LIQUOR VOTE CALLED
Women's Attitude Expected to Be
Big Tactor in Stay Election.
NOME, Alaska, April 27. United
States District Judge Tusker yesterday
called a. special election In Nome for
May 5 to vote on whether Nome shall
continue to license saloons. Petitions
requesting the election were presented
to the court by the "dry" forces, who
are waging a vigorous campaign.
Women now vote In Alaska and
much attention is being given their at
titude by both sides, as it is believed
their votes will be an important factor
in deciding the issue. Nome, which la
the metropolis of the Bering Sea region,
has a Winter population of 2500, which
grows in Summer when navigation is
open, to more than 6000.
.'jjbpo i. n!ii,. in ii.n m i i uil. I l A II B I 13
JUL -rvU CW. ii p m iVjn
11 I 111 Foremost
I'TL 1 i i r avorne
1 1 1 1! II Feminine
I IIIBIlM I
l TP fl i'yCVT r-1 fr) 1
m r a ht a mum. . m - m r v hhu, m vh t m m m m
ing Photo-Flay House in City West Park and Alder.
Today Till Saturday Night Only
11:30 P. M
In a picturization of the thrilling: drama of the
Balkans by Cecil B. DeMille and Jeanie Mac
f, V Pherson.
if i ne captive
This is the wonderful story a Paramount Pic
ture of the romance of a Turkmh nobleman who
has become a prisoner of war aud a Montene
grin peasant girl.
One of the nfost exciting and Impressive
dramas ever on the screen.
We all love Blanche Sweet: In this picture she
Is more essentially than ever America's great film
Miss Sweet is a Montenegrin suffragist and she
uses a heavy whip to enforce her demands on the
' A picture everyone will talk about.
That International Beauty
HAZEL DAWN, in NIOBE
The Greek statue that comes to life.
Those Wonderful Travel Pictures.
GAS BOMB SCORNED
GUNS BOGGED IN MARSH
German ltcport of Capture Is Denied
by Correspondent. ;
LONDON. April 27. A correspondent
of the Daily mail in . Northern France
"The 30 French guns which the Ger
mans say they have captured north of
Ypres are not in German hands, al
though the French, were forced to
abandon them. The guns were aban
doned in the marsh land with their
wheels half covered with water. At
present they are in "No Man's Land'
between the rival forces. The French
keep up a perpetual hail of artillery
fire around the guns to prevent the.
Germans from getting near them."
CONQUEROR EXILES FRENCH
Between 250,000 and 300,000 Ex
pelled From Northern France.
v GENEVA. Switzerland, via rarls,
April 27. Swiss charitable societies
have been notified by Germany that be
tween 250,000 and 800,000 French
families expelled from the northern
denartments of France In the posses
sion of Germany 'because of the lack of
food will pass through Switzerland
during the month of May. The Swiss
people are doing everything possible
for the comfort and. care of these
Most of them are penniless and com
posed largely of old men, women and
Device Only Puts Men to
Sleep, Says Frenchman.
SOME DENY EXPLOSIVES
Cloud of Lemon-Colored Smoke Con
cealing Enemy Said to Drift on
Trenches, but to Do So re
manent Harm to Men.
PARIS, April 27. The first wounded
soldier who arrived in Paris from the
Yser speaks with scorn of the asphyxi
ating bombs used by the Germans.
"Their famous bombs killed nobody,"
said one of the wounded Frenchmen.
"They Just put to sleep those who
breathed tho fumes. Then the Ger
mans came up and killed the sleepers.
Fortunately help came and we finished
by smashing them."
These reserves, counter-attacking,
carried the greater part of tho trenches
which had been evacuated.
The narratives of the wounded hien
differ in some respects. The physicians
at the hospital attribute this diverg
ence to the psychological effects of a
wholly new experience. Some of the
patients say positively that the Ger
mans threw bombs, which, on explod
ing, distributed the gases. The major
ity, however, spoke of having observed
a thick, lemon-colored smoke arising
in front of the German trenches and
concealing them as though a heavy
curtain had been let down. The gases
hung close over the earth, and, pro
pelled by a gentle breeze, crept toward
the. French earthworks scarcely iou
yards away. "
The physicians believe that no per-
At the Majestic This Week
i 1 'Willi
x . - '. . j
Scene From "The Clemenceau Case"
By Alexander Dumas.
To avoid being pointed out as "the woman who did not care" Theda
Bara wears a heavy veil when appearing in New York. She says she
is by no means of a vampirish disposition, nevertheless she is a
marked woman on account of the role she so successfully portrayed
in Porter Emerson Brown's "A Fool There Was" and Tolstoi's "Kreut
zer Sonata." "The Clemenceau Case" will be at the Majestic the
manent harm is likely in the case of
those who were not stifled to death.
The survivors suffer poignantly from
inflamed membranes, but will recover
without treatment. Jn some cases
pneumonia and bronchitis may follow.
It is the opinion of the physicians
that the vapors must have been either
chlorine or else of a sulphurous nature.
It is hardly believed that carbon-monoxide
was used, as this gas cannot be
perceived with the eye.
Olga Petrova "Heart of a Painted
Woman." National Theater, etarliug
iu K)ffir'" ' -si
Major-General ron Seydewitz Killed.
BEUL!5i, April i". Among the cas-
TAFT TO SPEAK IN WEST
Chamberlain and Turner Also to
Visit Oregon-Washington Bar.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, April 27. Senator Chamberlain
today accepted an invitation to ad
dress the joint bar associations of
Oregon and Washington Portland,
He will speak on behalf of Oregon.
Ex-President Taft and ex-Senator
Turnr, of Washington, will also
CASTOR I A
) Tot Infants and CMldxen,
Th Kind You Have Always Bought
IX f I'ark, Went Park r. MmH. M M
' Open nally IVoon In 11 P. M. E
I'ark, Went Park -Nr. h.
Open nally IVoon to 11 P. M.
Sunday 10:3l lo It P. M.
TODAY AND WEDNESDAY
and for the First Time
That Inimitable Comedy of Family Life,
Mr. Jarr's Magnetic Friend
Featured: "THAT TERRIBLE 0'F," a Story From the Battlefields
South of the Rio Grande.
And a Laugh-Getter In "THE GIKI, AXU THE .BACHKIOR."
Charlie Chaplin "By the Sea
Madame Olga Petrova
The Heart oi a Painted Woman
Does every pure instinct of a woman pans with her fall? Mad
ame Petrova solves tho question of "Painted Woman" In one
of the frankest pictures ever brought to Portland.
SUNDAY AT THE NATIONAL
Cigarettes fifteen years ago
are smokers of
Cigarettes today 1
Makerr of the ffhr-a CmJcluriiih
mi Egyptian GgartUa In ihdVirii
ST FOUNTAINS. HOTELS, ON CLSCWHCMS
MALTED Til ILK
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