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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 29, 1915)
VOL.. L.V NO. 1G,982.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, APRITi 29, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
COLONEL -TELLS OF
THREATS TO PLATT
"Easy Boss" Defied in
1900, Says Witness.
ADVICE IS ASKED FREQUENTLY
Senator's Wide Experience
Regarded as Valuable.
OTHER BOSSES CONSULTED
T. TS., His Cross-Examination End
ed, Describes Efforts to Prevent ,
Break In Party Hanks When
Governor of New ,York.
SYRACUSE, N. T., April 28. Theo
dore Koosevelt, on this, his seventh day
on the witness stand, amplified the
answers he made to questions asked
him on cross-examination by counsel
for William Barnes, plaintiff in the
suit for libel against the ex-President.
He told why he conferred with
United States Senator Piatt while
Governor, Vice-President and President
of the United States. He related how
he threatened Senator Piatt Just prior
to the Philadelphia convention of 1900
that he would fight for the New York
renominatlon for Governor if the "easy
boss" made good his own threat to keep
him out of the race as punishment for
not accepting; the nomination for Vice
President. Solemnity Gives Way to Smile.
The Colonel told of these things and
many others on redirect examination.
The minute his cross - examination
ended he sat up alertly in his chair
and the solemn expression that had
enshrouded his features during the last
two days of his cross-examination gave
way to a jolly smile. He leaned toward
the jury; he squared his jaws; he
raised his voice; he lifted his open
hands and brought them down on his
thighs; he pounded with clinched fist
upon-open palm; he used every gesture,
every movement at his command to
make his word3 more forceful.
As he stepped down-from the witness
stand at the end of the day he laugh
ingly said: "I am not tired."
l'latt' Experience Valuable.
Speaking of Senator Piatt, the ex
Prcsident said that he conferred with
him on matters legislative, adminis
trative and political, because he con
sidered the Senator's wide experience
was valuable and because lie realized
that the organization was in control
in the Legislature and that the Sena
tor controlled the organization.
"I did not want to disrupt the Re
publican party," said the Colonel, "as
long: as I did no wrong act in prevent
ing it. Then, too, I wanted to get af
firmative action in Albany. I could
prevent wrong being done if I broke
with them, but I could not get affirma
tive right done.
Power Sought at Source.
"When there was a doubt in my mind
I conferred with the Senator as head
of the organization, while at the same
time, and primarily, doing what the
interest of the state demanded. 1
found that when there was apt to be
an issue between me and the State
Senate it was advisable to go where
the power lay and not to talk to men
who merely carried out the bidding of
Mr. Piatt. I consulted Mr. Piatt on all
important matters that came up."
The Colonel was asked many ques
tions about the correspondence which
passed between him and Senator l'latt
and which was read in the course of his
cross-examination. He tried to ex
plain to the jury statements made in
correspondence about the franchise
tax; about Barren Island; about ap
pointments; about the architect Trow
bridge and the chance he wanted to
bid upon Government work; about the
breakfast meetings with the Senator
and about the disagreement over the
rcnomination of governor Hughes. He
corrected his testimony about his cam
paign fund of 1904; he claimed as his
own campaign speeches in which he
Bald things about Mr. Barnes.
Colonel's "State of Mind" Shona.
Introducing at the beginning of to
day's session a report of a speech by
Colonel Roosevelt at Hudson Falls in
1913, Mr. Ivins said that he did so to
"show the Colonel's state of mind." In
this speech Colonel Roosevelt said that
Mr. Barnes was a menace to the State
of New York and tnat if he was a
menace before, election he was a "men
In another speech Colonel Roosevelt
was quoted as saying "that Mr. B. and
Mr. M." should be in the same, party.
The speecli was delivered in Saratoga.
In it Colonel Roosevelt was also quoted
as saying that one controls New York,
the other controls Albany.
Colonel Roosevelt said the speech
was substantially correct, but that part
of things he said had been left out and
part had been shortened and incorrect
"I never raid 'Mr. B. and Mr. M." "
the Colonel said. "I said Mr. Barnes
and Mr. Murphy."
Mr. Ivins rend from a magazine ar
ticle bearing the Colonel's name. In
this the Colonel deplored personal at
tacks on men in public life from the
stump. Mr. Ivins then announced he
was through with the wltnc.s.
Redirect Kxamlnatlon BrKiia,
' Beginning the redirect examination.
Mr. Bowers led the Colonel over some
of the old ground concerning campaign
contributions, and the testimony of a
son of Cornelius N. Bliss, treasurer of
the 'Republican National Committee,
was read. Receipts produced by Mr.
Concluded on Fage 7, Column 1.)
PAY FOR SHIP FRYE
IS TO BE ACCEPTED
EXITED STATES SEXDS XOTE
AGREEIXG TO BERLIN OITEK.
Effort Is Made to Proceed Under
and Avoid Precedent.
WASHINGTON, April 28. A second
note from the United States Govern
ment to Germany concerning the sink
ing of the American ship William P.
Frye by the commerce raider Prinz
Eltel Friedrich was dispatched to Ber
lin today. It is understood to accept
the German proposition to compensate
the owners of the Frj-e, under the
terms of the old Prussian-American
treaties of 1799 and 1828, regardless of
any prize court decision.
These treaties provide that contra
band belonging to the subjects of either
party shall not be confiscated by the
other in any case, but may be detained
or used only in consideration of pay
ment of the full value.
While willing to agree to payment
of the Frye as proposed, it is under
stood the United States stands by Its
original protest" against the destruc
tion of the ship as a violation of inter
national law and again denies that the
cargo of wheat consigned to a British
port was contraband. No claim for the
cargo was made because it was sold en
route to British dealers.
An effort is said to have been made
in the later note to narrow the appli
cation of the old treaties so that no
precedent will be created warranting
the lodgment under them in future of
claims against the American Govern
ment under the favored nation clause.
There have been varying constructions
in the past of the treaties and it has
been contended at times that while
they were in force they did not inoludo
FACULTY LOSES TO CUPID
Of 50 Instructors at Ccntralia, 45
CENTRA LI A, Wash.. April 28. (Spe
cial.) The Centralia School Board at a
special meeting last night retained all
of the 50 instructors with the excep
tion of Frank Drake, Jr., principal of
the high school, -who has resigned to
accept a position as superintendent of
Port Townsend schools; Arthur Mur
dock, principal of the eighth grade,
who next year will be supervising prin
cipal of the consolidated . district at
Menlo, in Pacific County; Miss Laura
Mellijh, who is to be married; Miss
Blanch Brown, who already has been
married, and Miss Geneva Johnson,
whose department has been eliminated.
Miss Mary Huntley was appointed to
take Miss Brown's place. No action was
taken on the appointment of high
school principal. The board offered to
Senator ' Jones the use of the high
school auditorium for an address here
SHIPBUILDERS GET , WORK
Construction of Drydoek at San
I'rancisco Also to Resume.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 28. Business
Improvement was reported today by
John A. McGregor, president of the
Union Iron Works, who returned today
from the East. He announced work
would be recommenced by his firm on
a proposed drydock to cost $5, 000, 000.
Work on it was held up at the out
break of war.
Government - contracts for the con
struction of three torpedo-boat de
stroyers and five submarines would be
awarded to Pacific Coast shipbuilding
firms about July 1, he said. The de
stroyers will cost about 11,000,000 each
and the submarines about $550,000
ODDFELLOWS BUY SITE
Property at Tenth and Salmon to Bo
Used for $130,000 Building.
With the purchase of the parcel at
the southwest corner of Tenth and
Salmon streets for $30,000 yesterday,
the Oddfellow lodges of the West Side
are completing plans for the construc
tion of a modern, seven-story lodge
building to be started this year at a
cost of about $150,000.
The property was taken over by
Samaritan Lodge No. 2, which will
hold title until a building association
The site occupies 54x100 feet and
was purchased from Mrs. Frances A.
Catlin. The sale was negotiated by
COUNTY APPEAL UNLIKELY
Clackamas Expects to Pay $2000
Detective I.evings AVou.
OREGON CITY, Or., April 2S. (Spe
cial.) It i3 doubtful if Clackamas
County will appeal the Detective Lcv
inss case which resulted in a $2000 ver
dict against the county at Hillsboro
As Mr. Levings testified that he had
obtained certain statements in the Hill
murder investigation, which if corrob
orated, would amount practically to a
confession, it is expected that this evi
dence will, in time, be submitted to the
grand jury. At any rate it is the gen
eral feeling here that local -officials
will continue their work.
l-'ather o( Salem Girl Is Drowned.
SALEM, Or., April 28. (Special.)
Miss Alice Jary, of this city, today was
notified that her father, William Henry
Jary, 59 years old. had been drowned
in Albion, N. Y. He is survived by his
widow and 12 children. Miss Jary
came to this city three years ago and
has made her home with Mr. and Mrs.
John Barker, of Nebraska avenue. She
is a telephone operator. Miss Jary and
John Barker, Jr.. will be married in
JAPAN'S DESIRE IS
FOR OUTLET EAST
Energy Diverted From
COUNTRY IS OVERCROWDED
Tenacity of Purpose Such as
to Brook No Interference.
CHINA TO BE DOMINATED
Oscar King- Davis Says People of
United States Could Provoke War
Easily, but Nipponese Are 'Will
ing to Bo Peaceable.
BY OSCAR KING DAVIS.
(Copvrlght, 1915. by the Chicago Tribune.
Published by arrangement with the Tribune).
TOKOHOMA, April 4. Sentiment has
laid by far the greatest part In caus
ing the friction that has been evoked
between Americans and Japanese. Of
course Americans will contend that at
the bottom there Is an economic cause
for the antagonism to the Japanese
that finds so ready a growth in the
United States, especially in California
and elsewhere on the Pacific Coast.
The objection there is that the Japa
nese work for such low wages as to
drive out Americans, who are unwill
ing, if not unable, to meet the compe
tition. Japanese In America Net Numerous.
It is further alleged that the Jap
anese have no purpose or desire to re
main in the United States and contrib
ute their share toward the upbuild
ing of the nation, but labor only to
secure as large a saving as-possible
so as to return to Japan and enjoy
what they have made in America-
There is just enough of truth in that
to make it sound well and seem plausi
ble as an argument, although the full
facts do not give it a sound founda
tion. There are not enough Japanese
in the United States, and there never
have been, to create any real economic
disturbance. The labor of those who
are there has been readily employed
because it was to the advantage of
the employers to secure it.
Undoubtedly many more Japanese
would have gone to the United States
if it had not been for the so-called
gentleman's agreement, under which
Japanese immigration has been prac
Government Wanta People at Home.
The ambitious Japanese, who works
hard in this country for wages that by
the month do not total much more than
half what he could earn in the United
States in a week, is naturally inclined
to legard America as a gulden op
portunity. If emigration to the States
were unhampered many Japanese would
flock there, eager to earn the 60, 70,
or more gold dollars a month that they
could easily obtain.
But the Japanese government recog-
Concluded on Pace 7. Column ;:.)
TEDDY SOMETIMES USED
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 74.3
degree; minimum, 4S.4 degrees.
TODAY'S Increasing- cloudiness followed by
showers; cooler; winds mostly westerly.
' ' " War.
Paris apprehensive lest German drive near
coasr cloaks more important move else
where. Page 3.
Turks say allied army surrendered; .British
report aaverse. rage i.
Emilcn'B visit to remote British Island where
war was not known about is revealed.
, Page 2. i
French cruiser sunk in Adriatic by Austrian
suomarine. page 3.
Japan wants outlet In Asia, not in America,
but will brook no interference in expan
sion policy. Page 1.
Jane Addams says women are aroused by
horrors of war and united in determina
tion to find solution. Page 1.
Harvester Company denies it sought ad
vantage over competition in buying Yuca
tan sisal, page 2.
United States sends note accepting pay by
Germany for sinking ship Frye. Page 1.
Colonel Roosevelt tells how he defied Piatt
in vice-presidency matter. Page 1.
Bishop Cooke named president by Methodist
ooara at JJes Moines, page z.
Pacific Coast League results: Los Angeles
6, Portland 5; San Francisco 4, Venice 3;
Oakland-Venice, no game; rain. Page 12.
Phillies keep on - winning. Page 12.
Terrific batfest gives Detroit ten runs in one
inning. Page 12.
Racing autos tuned up for Saturday's and
Sunday's events. Page 13.
Oregon Aggies preparing for track meet at
Salem Friday. Page 13.
' Commercial and Marine.
Wool buyers come to Utah growers' terms.
Wheat flurry at Chicago follows bullish
war cables. Page 19.
Late advance in stocks lifts entire list.
Orders given to insure safety of canal open
ing celebrants. Page 18.
Portland and Vicinity.
George L. Baker draws first place on bal
lot for Commlslonership. Paice 14.
Detailed programme for celebration at Ore
gon City locks announced. Page 18.
Funeral of T, Scott Brooke to be held today.
First boats passed through Celilo Canal.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page jH.
RIDEJOO CHEAP, SAYS LINE
Oregon Electric Asks $3 0 More on
Ticket TSecently Sold.
EUGENE. Or.. April 28 (Special.)
Because of its own mistake in under
charging a passenger, the Oregon Elec
tric has filed suit against Charles
Stonefield to collect $30 alleged to be
due on a ticket. The railroad says
the passenger was charged but $1S6.40
for two tickets to St. Louis and return
when the lawful rate is $216.40.
The railroad contends that because
the other lines over which Mr. Stone
field traveled will collect from it for
his passage, it is entitled to collect
from him. - . - ...
Mr. Stonefield is a lighthouse keeper
at Heeeta Head at the extreme north
west part of Lane County, more than
100 miles from Eugene.
DYING' GIRL0N LONG HIKE
Walk From Denver to L.os Angeles
LOS ANGELES. April 28. Miss
Phyllis Skrehot. 19 years old, whom the
doctors gave up last anuary as a hope
less victim of tuberculosis, has arrived
here from Denver on foot. She had
walked all the way, accompanied onlj
by a small burro and a large revolver
The girl said she weighed only 9t
pounds last January before starting or.
her journey, but now she weighs 125
pounds and enjoys perfect health. She
left here three hours after her arrival.
bound up the coast line for San Fran
A BOSS. BUT HE ALWAYS DID
Substitution of Arbitra
WORLD CONGRESS IN SESSION
Jane Addams Describes Con
vention at The Hague.
SOLUTION IS DISCUSSED
Democratic Control of Foreign Pol
icies Urged British and Ger
man Women Divided on Con
BY JANS ADDAMS.
(Copyright, 11S. by the Chicago Herald.
Reproduction prohibited. Published by ar
rangement with the Herald.)
THE HAGUE. April 28 (Special.)
"Worse than death, yes, worse than
hellish, are the defenselessneas of the
women in this warfare and the viola
tions by the invading soldiers."
This epigrammatic assertion of Dr.
Lida Hermann, of Germany, was greet
ed with rounds of applause at the first
business session of the International
Congress of Women today. This state
ment showed how thoroughly the mora
than 1000 chosen representatives from
the 16 countries are alive to the sit
uation now confronting their sisters
in the warring countries.
American Delegates Arrive.
After four days of delay, off Dover,
England, the American delegates ar
rived last night just in time to attend
an Informal reception and listen to
the messages of greeting from the
warring and neutral nations. America
has the largest foreign delegation at
the conference, next in order being
Germany, with 29; Austria-Hungary,
with 22; Norway, with 16, and Sweden,
with 15 delegates.
England was to be represented by
180 delegates, but that number was
cut down to 20 by the British govern
ment. As all traffic between Holland
and England has been suspended, even
these 20 have not arrived. Two dele
gates came earlier and are prominent
in the work of the conference.
Earnestness la Evident.
The large floor is completely filled
with delegates and the galleries are
crowded with visitors, both men and
women. Solemn earnestness is every
where. Flags of many nations other
wise so conspicuous in international
meetings are completely absent. The
keynote of every speech is woman's
revulsion against the barbarity of the
present war and her determination to
work for the substitution of laws for
Ament-an women are taKing an
active part in proceedings. Fannie
1 Cone l uci?d on Pago o. Column 5.)
THE PICKING HIMSELF.
TURKS SAY ALLIED
ARMY IS CAPTURED
BRITISH AVAK OFFICE DECLAlUiS
Announcement of Complete Defeat
or Landing Force Is Mil do to
Sultan, Says Berlin.
LONDON, April 29. Dlspathes from
Berlin say official reports from Turkey
are to the effect that the center and
right wing of the allied landing army
had been defeated Monday and that the
left wing, which was then holding out,
surrendered Tuesday to the Turkish
army on Gallipoli Peninsula. The Berlin
communication says the Turkish War
Minister made the announcement to the
Sultan as coming from General Limon
von Sanders, the German General in
Another dispatch from Berlin says
Halil Bey, president of the Turkish
Parliament, now visiting in Berlin, has
received a telegram saying 8000 allied
troops were driven back to the sea and
that 12.000 surrendered.
The British War Office official state
ment makes no reference to the re
ported defeat. On the other hand, it
"In the face of continual opposition,
the allied troops have now established
themselves across the end of the Gal
lipoli peninsula, from a point- north
east of Eski Hlsarlik to the mouth of
a stream on the opposite side.
"They have also beaten off attacks
at Sarl-Balr and are steadily advancing-."
Missing Salem Boy Found Drowned.
SALEM. Or., April 28. (Special.)
The body of Oscar Hop Lee, 14-year-old
son of Hop Lee, wealthy hopgrower of
this city, who disappeared mysteriously
from his home Tuesday night,
was found today In Mill Creek.
A search was made all night for the
lad by the parents and the police, it
is thought that the boy wandered to a
bridge crossing the stream near his
home and while playing on it fell into
Wednesdays War Moves
Un operations in conjunction
V with the French have definitely
stopped the German attack."
In these words. Field Marshal Sir
John French, commander-in-chief of
the British forces on the Continent, an
nounced the conclusion of another Ger
man attempt to break through the
allied lines around Ypres and along
the Vser Canal, which brought about
one of the most sanguinary battles of
This, however, only brings to an end
the first phase of the battles, for the
allies have yet to win back the ground
which they lost in the great German
sweep. For this purpose they are now
delivering counter attacks against the
German lines. Only at one place,
Steenstraate, have the Germans man
aged to keep their footing on the west
ern Dank ot the canal, while to the
north of Ypres the positions remain
much as they were, the allies making
no claims to an advance there and the
Germans reporting that all the British
attacks have been repulsed.
To hold these lines the Germans
have brought up further reinforce
ments and Belgium, behind them, has
been denuded of troops. The towns
and villages In Belgium are being
guarded by only a handful of sentries.
Fighting also continues in Cham
pagne, where the Germans make claim
to tho capture of a strong French po
sition; in the Argonne and the Woevre,
where the French say they are pro
gressing, and in the Vosges, where
both sides claim to be in possession of
Hartmanns Weilerkopf. It Js probable
that this mountain, which commands
the plains of Alsace, has changed
hands several times. This would ac
count for the contradictory reports.
The Russians and Austro-Cermans
are heavily engaged in the region of
Uzsok Pass, in the Carpathians, and in
the direction of Stry, where an attempt
is being made to strike at the Russian
communications. Berlin correspondents
give the Austrians credit for the cap
ture of a number of important heights
near Uzsok Pass, and also assert that
they have driven the Russians com
pletely out of Bukowina. This, how
ever. Is not backed up by the Austrian
official report, which says that in Buko
wina no Important event has occurred.
and simply speaks of Russian attacks
being repulsed in the Carpathians.
There lias also been a renewal of activ
ity on the East Prussian front, where
the Germans report minor successes for
The sensational report that S0O0 of
the allies' troops have been driven to
the sea on the Gallipoli Pcninvula and
that 12.000 were captured also comes
from Berlin, but lias no confirmation
from other sources. It Is expected that
the operations against the Dardanelles
will proceed slowly, as the Turks are
strongly intrenched and their wire en
tanglements and trenches will have to
be shelled heavily before the troops can
make any serious attempt to advance.
The French have lost the cruiser Leon
Gambetta, which was torpedoed by the
Austrian submarine U-5 while leaving
the Adriatic Sea for Malta. Only a
small part of her crew were saved, all
the officers, including the commander,
The reports as to the intentions of
Italy are as varied as they are numer
ous, but the Italian embassy at London
has authorized the statement that noth
ing Is known there of any impending
change in the Italian policy.
Nothing further has been huard of tho
German fleet in the North Sea, and it Is
contended in official quarters that it
never left the mine fields off Heligoland.
In the Baltic, however, Germajt war
ships are busy and have stopped several
Swedish steamers carrying coal from
English ports to Sweden.
CELILO CANAL TEST.
IS ENTIRE SUCCESS
Crowds Go Wild as Ves
sels Meet in Lock.
PASSAGE TAKES THREE HOORS
Honor Accorded Inland Empire
and J. N. Teal.
NOTABLES ARE ON BOARD
Indians Among Spectators as Up
per and Ix)cr Columbia Como
Together fftr Traffic AVool
Cargo for Boston Carried.
Uninterrupted navigation between the
Pacific Ocean and Lewiston, Idaho, more
than 500 miles inland, has been estab
lished. The heretofore insuperable barrier of
rock that nature placed in the channel
of the mighty Columbia whero that
stream cuts through the Cascade
Range, has been conquered.
A vessel from the salt waters of the
Pacific yesterday passed successfully
around that barrier Into tho upper
channels of the Columbia and a vessel
from the head of navigation on the
Snake River passed successfully around
It toward tidewater below.
(anal Lust a.-,,noo,000.
The Celilo Canal, which has been ten
years in building and upon whirh Uncle
Sam has expended $5,000,000, has been
Yesterday's opening, though, was
wholly Informal. It was merely pre
liminary to the formal opening, which
will take place next Wednesday. But
it demonstrated to the utmost satis
faction of the United States Army En
gineers and to the advocMtcs of open
river navigation tnat tho Celilo water
way now is ready to receive traffic
moving In either direction and that the
further development of the Columbia
River Basin, which has been retarded
by the natural obstructions in the river.
Open-River Beats Pasted.
To the .steamer Inland Empire, one
of the original open-river fleet, was
given the honor of 'leading tho way
through the canal. She passed down
the river, from east to west. The
J. N. Teal, of the same fleet, went up
the river, from west to east.
It was the first time that a lower
river boat ever entered the upper river.
It was not the first time, though, that
an upper river craft had passed into
the lower river, as a number of ves
sels built up above have been sent suc
cessfully over the rapids in periods
ot high water, but they never returned.
The open canal now makes their return
Machinery Works Perfectly.
To all outward appearances and for
all practical purposes tho canal was
operated yesterday as if in use for
years. It took approximately three
hours for the Inland Empire to
pass from the entrance above to the
The lock-gates were operated with
evident ease and with, utmost precision.
Captain David Smith was at the wheel.
He guided the ship through the narrow
channel as if he had been at the task
all his life.
Builder Is Aboard.
On tho main forward deck stood
Colonel Jay J. Morrow, the United
States engineer who has had charge of
construction work. Others in the group
on board were Joseph N. Teal, fre
quently referred to as "the father of
the open river," on account of his per
sistent efforts on behalf of the work;
Representative Slnnotl, of the Second
Oregon Congressional District; Wallace
R. Struble, secretary of the committee
in charge of the formal celebration
next week: Captain W. P. Gray, ad
miral of the fleet that will officiate
at next week's exercises, and many
It was 1:26 I'. M. when the Inland
Empire entered tho upper gateway.
Twelve minutes later she steamed lino
the first lock. The lock had been
filled Slowly the craft sank down to
the stage below a distance of 12 feet.
Whistles Announce i:ntry.
A gentle breeze was blowing and her
flags waved proudly aloft. She uttered
an exultant shriek from her whistle.
The old engine of the Portage Kail way-
stood alongside and answered with
three or four cheering blast.-.. The
crowd oh deck cheered and waved their
group of Warm Springs Indians,
which tribe lias lived on the banks ot
the nearby Columbia for centuries.
stood on the lock wall and looked on
C. Schubert, Assistant United
States Engineer In immediate charge
of the work, who has been connected
with the Celilo project almost from
the start, followed the vessel for the
first half mile on foot. He laughed
with boyish delight as lie saw his
labors of almost a decade bring forth
this visible fruit of accomplishment.
After he had seen the Inland Empire
start successfully on her down voyage
he followed her course on the rail mo
tor that he has used In hl3 construc
Crowds U llarx Teat.
Residents of the countryside for manv
miles around gathered alone the fchorcs
nd cheered the vessel as sue steamed
(Concluded on 1'age G, Column s.)