Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 27, 1915)
VOL.- LV.-XO. 10,98O.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY. APRIL, 27, 1913.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
T. R SAYS "
T. C. Piatt Consulted
DEAL WiTH TAMMANY BARED
Colonel Says He Put Democrat
in Office to Please Croker.
MANY LETTERS ARE READ
Correspondence Between Roosevelt
and Xew York Senator Verified.
. Colonel Says He Did Xot
SYRACUSE, N. Y., April 26. Theo
dore Roosevelt admitted, under cross
examination today in the suit for al
leged libel which William Barnes has
brought against him, that while Gov
ernor he had freely consulted the "boss"
of the Republican party in New York
State In reference to the appointment
of officials in the state government and
various legislative and political mat
ters. The "boss" named was Thomas C.
Piatt, who at that time represented
New York in the United States Senate.
The ex-President said he took the ad
vice of the Senator in many matters,
among them appointing a Democrat to
the office of Tax Commissioner to
"please Grady," whom the Colonel de
scribed as a "lieutenant boss" of Rich
ard Croker, then leader of Tammany
Flatt'a Advice Sought.
The testimony resulted from ques
tions asked after letters of a series that
passed between Colonel Roosevelt and
Senator Piatt had been read 'to the
Jury. In these letters, both writers dis
cussed all manner of political and leg
islative affairs. In one, Colonel Roose
velt asked the Senator's advice about
In another. Senator Piatt told the
Colonel he had received a copy of a
bill introduced by Grady, In which the
Senator said he considered it Inadvis
able to give Tammany from $3,000,000
to 112,000,000 on an appropriation to
expend upon the water-front of New
York, as "it would simply be putting
an unnecessary club In the hands of
those people with which to knock our
With another letter, the Colonel sent
the Senator a proof of his message
to the Legislature, which dealt with,
among other things, public utilities,
the franchise tax. the trusts. Industrial
conditions and labor. The part dealing
with the trusts, the Colonel wrote, "had
been submitted to several 'experts,' in
cluding Elihu Root, President Hadley,
Professor Jenks. of Cornell, and James
A. Dill, who was described in the letter
as 'a big corporation lawyer.' "
Vice-Presidency Not Wanted.
And in the last letter read, which was
dated in 1901, Colonel Roosevelt told
the Senator that he lid not want to
be Vice-President of the United States,
as it was not an office in which he
could do anything. The Colonel said
he shpuld like to be Governor for
another term, and that "in spite of all
the work and worry and very , largely
because of your constant courtesy and
consideration, my dear Senator I have
thoroughly enjoyed being Governor."
The Colonel added that, not being a
money-maker, he felt "in honor bound
to leave his children tho equivalent in
a way of a substantial sum of actual
achievement in politics or letters."
The Colonel did little talking today.
For the .most part he sat in the wit
ness chair and listened to counsel for
William Barnes read the letters which,
it was said, were furnished by a son
of Mr. Piatt. When the Colonel did
talk It was to identify the letters or
answer questions concerning them.
The reading of additional correspond
ence that passed between Colonel
Roosevelt and Mr. Piatt will begin
when Colonel Roosevelt resumes the
stand tomorrow morning.
Mr. Barnes was not in court during
the afternoon session, having gone to
Albany to attend the state constitu
Many questions were asked the wit
ness before a letter dated February 1,
1900, from the executive chamber at
Albany and addressed to Senator Piatt,
was read. In part it was as follows:
"First and least important, if you
happen to have seen the (Xew York)
Evening Post recently, you ought to
be amused, for it is moralizing with
lofty indignation over the cringing
servility I have displayed In the mat
ter of the insurance superintendent. I
fear It will soon take the view that it
cannot possibly support you as long
as you associate with me.
"Now as to serious matters, I have
of course done a great deal of thinking
about the Vice-Presidency. Since the
talk I had with you, followed by the
letter from Lodge and the visit from
Payne of Wisconsin, I have been re
serving the matter to talk over with
you, but in view of the publication in
the Sun this morning, I would like to
begin the conversation, as It were, by
Just a line or two now. I need not
speak of the confidence I have in the
judgment of you and Lodge, yet I can't
help feeling more and more that the
Vice-Presidency is not an office ' in
which I could do anything, and not an
office in which a man who if etill vig
orous and not past middle? life has
much chance of doing anytfiing.
"As you know, I am of Ian active
Concluded oa Page 2, ColJmn 1.)
WILHELM NOT TO
DASH FOR HOME
CO MM AX D Ell GIVES NOTICE OJf
IXTEXT TO ISTEKX.
Action Conies as Surprise Just After
-Kronprinz tiets Permit to
Take on Coal.
WASHINGTON. April 26. Announce
ment from Newport News lat today
that the commander of the big German
sea raider Kronprinz Wilhelm had
given notice he would intern for the
war without waiting expiration of the
time allowed her by the United States
Government to make his ship sea
worthy, was received with surprise
and relief by Government officials.
The raider's actlcn relieves the Navy
Department of tho necessity of keep
ing watch over the Wilhelm and an
eye on the 'cordon of allied ships oft
the Virginia capes to assure the main
tenance of American neutrality during,
the remainder of the time the cruiser
had been allowed to make repairs. It is
understood that several days of that
period still remained.
Only today the Navy Department had
determined to permit the Wilhelm to
take on 4500 tons cf coal, and on the
heels of reports from Newport News
that the cruiser had begun to coal,
came Lieutenant Captain Thierf elder's
unexpected announcement to the col
lector of the port. The German com
mander's communication was laconic
and gave no reason for the internment
as had the letter presented by Captain
Thierichens when he Interned the Prinz
Eitel Friedrich, the first of the raiders
to seek a haven In Hampton Roads.
It was suggested here tonight that
Captain Thierf elder's announcement
was made after he had received in
structions from the German govern
ment through the embassy here not to
attempt a dash through the line of
hostile warships oft the capes.
HUSBAND TO GET ALIMONY
Wife, 6 0, Must Provide for Mate,
3 9, Who Works as "Housemaid."
LOS ANGELES, Cal., April 26. Mrs.
Mary K. Krause, aged 60, real estate
owner and hotel proprietor, who seeks
divorce from H. H. Krause, aged 39,
was ordered by the Superior Court to
day to pay her husband $40 a month
alimony, pending hearing of the suit,
or provide him with bed and sufficient
food as he elects.
Krause testified that he had been do
ing all the housework and that all the
property was in his wife's name, leav
ing him no means of support, as he has
no other than a housemaid's a job In
his wife's establishment. - '
TEXAS FLOOD IS SHIFTING
Waters Recede In North of State,
but Streams Rise in South.
AUSTIN, Texas, April 26. The high
water situation in North Texas tonight
apparently was gradually clearing
with the stoppage of rains, although
streams still were raising, while in
South Texas steadily rising streams
yet to carry the northern floods were
causing considerable anxiety.
No additional drownings were re
ported. In southern sections of the
state removal of livestock and port
able property from lowlands continued.
KENNEWICK BERRIES RIPE
First Crate From Individual Grow
ers Is Shipped to Seattle.
KENNEWICK, Wash., April 26.
(Special.) The first crate of straw
berries from an individual grower was
brought in today by W. H. Witt. It is
the second full crate of the season to
leave the Kennewick-Richland district
and was shipped to Seattle by H. H.
A crate formed by berries picked
from a number of patches was shipped
from Richland Saturday.
GREECE T0GET INDEMNITY
Germany Admits Mistake in Sinking
Ship In Xorth Sea.
LONDON. April 26. A dispatch from
Athens to the Telegraph says Germany
has replied to the Greek government's
note regarding the torpedoing of the
steamer Ellispontos in the North Sea,
stating that investigation shows the
sinking was due to the mistake of a
Germany will express regrets and
make amends by the payment of an
CZAR LOSES 26 TRENCHES
Austria Reports Russians Fleeing
From Vszok Puss.
VIENNA, via London, April 26. The
War Office has .issued the following:
"Our troops,. pursuing the enemy, oc
cupied 26 Russian trenches which con
tained much war material. The Rus
sians before Uzsok Pass, after their
attack failed, retreated In full flight.
We gained ground to the southeast of
RELIEF FUND $25,000,000
King George Starts Xew List With
Donation of $23O0.
LONDON. April 26. The national .re
lief fund of the Prince of Wales
reached today the total of 5.000,000
King George has opened with a dona,
tlon of $2500 a subscription list of the
British committee for relief in Belgium.
OPEN DOOR PLEDGED
BY JAPAN'S LEADER
Count Okuma Says "No
Real Cause for Alarm. "
ECONOMIC SITUATION VITAL
China Will Be Greatest Market
INDUSTRIAL GROWTH NEED
Oscar King Davis, in Interview With
Government Head, Shows How
America May Win by Co
operation With Japan.
BY OSCAR KING DAVIS.
(CopvrlBht. BIT,, by the Chlcano Tribune.
Published by arrangement with the Tribune.)
YOKOHAMA, April 3. "There is. no
real ground for apprehension as to the
future relations between Japan and the
United States. ' There is no real cause
for alarm. Japan's economic interests
lie close at home and that fact is well
That is the way in which Count
Okuma, the head of the Japanese gov
ernment, summed up, this afternoon,
the expression of his ' views on the
American Japanese situation. It was a
frank and interesting discussion of
matters that have caused a great deal
of uneasiness In the United States and
Japan and it presented the situation
from the Japanese point of view In a
way whioh is worthy of the thoughtful
attention of Americans who really care
about continuing .friendly relations
with. Japan and are concerned for the
extension of the commerce between the
two countries. ,
Count's Influence Great.
Count Okuma is one of the most dis
tinguished of the older statesmen of
Japan, but .Is not one of the small
group of powerful - leaders who have
been known for so long as the Genro,
or elder statesmen. - . .'- . - .'.
However, the aged Premier has been
in and out of Japanese politics for
many years and his Influence has been
felt In many an Important crisis. He
has just given signal evidence of his
virility by making an exhaustive cam
paign throughout the country, despite
his 77 years a campaign that resulted
in the overwhelming defeat of the op
position and the return of a substan
tial government majority In the nxt
Parliament, a result far beyond the
expectations of the most . sanguine
supporter of the government when the
Tears ago, when he was Minister ot
Foreign Affairs at a time of great po
litical excitement in Japan, an assas
sin threw a bomb at him and so shat
tered his right leg that amputation
was necessary. The old gentleman,
however, makes very efficient use of
a cork substitute and gets around with
(Concluded on Pair A. Column i.)
f .......... ............ --f
I CHINA APPEALS TO COLUMBIA.
j . . '
j. .1 help 0 !
I f THAT BAD I J
AW I r r BOV HT
: Vv ym, I take my .) - :
j j NKygS- J ;
I . - 4
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 6S.8
degree; minimum. 47.2 degrees.
TODAYS Tuesday fair, westerly winds.
Italy ready to aiirn war pact with allies,
says London report to Home. Page 3.
Effect of British mines near Ypres de
scribed as fearful. Page 3.
French find successful' method to combat
poisonous gases used by Germans. Page 3.
LirKe allied force is landed near Darda
nelles in Turkey. Page 1.
Kronprinz Wilhelm -interns until end of
war. Pase 1.
Open door to China pledged by Japan.
Oregon California land grant case Is ar
gued before Supreme Court. Pago 2.
Mine strike leiMler admitted firing shots,
says Colorado witness. Page 1.
Roosevelt says he often
"Boss" Piatt about
Star southpaw to be sent against Lyfl An
geles today in effort to end 13eavers
lo&ing streak. Page 10.
Chicago Cubs overcome nine-run lead and
then lone to Cincinnati. 12 to 13. Page 10.
J. W. Seavey wins honors of day in Ore
go;i tate shoot in competition in which
scores run high. Page 10.
Coroner's jury does not fix blame for Cres
well accident in which five lost their lives.
Doukhobor colony sues for annulment of
00,000 land deal In Linn County. Page 11.
Clackamas Coimty Court sued for J1KMK) by
detective. Page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
First shorn wools are sold In Eastern Ore
gon. Page 15.
Sharp advance in bogs at local stockyards.
Wall street stocks weaken after early
strength. Page 15.
Portland and Vicinity.
F. N". Kollock. of Pennsylvania Company, to
retire on pension. Page 9.
Deed to Oregon City locks transferred and
money for property paid. Page 1-.
First ptlre driven for Interstate bridge.
Casualty companies start active competition
with . State Commission. Page 9.
FOUR WED ON WAY TO FAIR
Belated Couples Entertained Wliile
Vancouver Auditor Is Sought.
VANCOUVER, Wash., April 2$.
(Special.) After the County Auditor's
office was closed today two happy
young couples, after long journeys, ar
rived to be married before starting for
San Francisco to see the exposition.
The brides were cousins. The wedding
party wss entertained in the Sheriff's
office by Hoyt Blair, a deputy, while
F. W. Blaker, deputy auditor, was
found and W. S. T. Derr. Justice of
the Peace of Vancouver, was rounded
up to perform the double ceremony.
The couples were Otto Olson and
Miss Mabel Ringstead. of Mount Angel.
Or, and Samuel McDonald, of Mollalla,
Or., and Miss Clara Johnson, of Port
land. DIPLOMA AWARDS EARLIER
College Commencement Set Before
OREGON AGRICULTURAL, COLLEGE,
Corvallis, April 26. (Special.) The
calendar of the Oregon Agricultural
College for the year of "1915-16, as
adopted by the college council, sets
commencement exercises before the
final examinations. Seniors, however,
will be examined one week before the
The average student never witnesses
a commencement exercise until he re
ceives his diploma, and it is hoped by
the administrative council that the new
arrangement will result in an increased
interest in these exercises.
The Fall opening, of the college this
year will be .September 17.
ALLIES LAND ARMY
Terrific Battle Raging
200,000 THOUGHT IN ATTACK
Combined Sea and Military As
sault Officially Reported.
TURKS RESIST VICIOUSLY
Kitchener's Xew Force and Possibly
Strong French Columns Begin
Operations to Batter Way
Through to Constantinople.
LONDON. April 26. Indications of
combined land and naval attack on the
Dardanelles, in which a British army
of enormous proportions Is taking part,
are given together in official reports
issued today by the Admiralty and war
otriee and private advices.
The official communications confirm
the report that, an army has been
landed and that a battle is in progress.
Private advices are to the effect that
ivitchener's army, numbering from 100
000 to 200.000 men, has arrived in the
Aegean Sea, from the islands of which
the allied British and French fleets
have been operating against the straits.
French Army May Be Landed. To.
It is known tnat many thousands of
Kitchener's army have left England
during, the last six weeks. Observers
from the front in France declare that
none of the recently departed force has
arrived on the line facing the Germans.
It is assumed that they have been sent
to the Dardanelles.
In addition to the British forces pre
sumed to have been landed on Gallipolin
Peninsula, military observers here are
of the opinion that a large force of
French troops have beell landed there
also, as an official communication
from Paris a few weeks ago said that
aN large army had been transported to
the coast of Egypt to be ready to co
operate in any movement against Tur
key considered necessary.
Terrific Battla Indicated.
That a terrific battle for possession
of the roadway to Constantinople is in
progress is intimated. In view of the
figures given In the private advices
by the official communication, which
says the disembarkation was success
ful "In spite of serious opposition from
the enemy In strong entrenchments
protected by barbed wire."
The Admiralty report says further:
"Large forces were established on the
shore" and that the landing was con
tinuing. The following Is the official an
nouncement given out in London today:
"The general attack on the Dardan
elles by the' fleet and the army was
"The disembarkation of the army.
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 4.)
Mondays War Moves
THE tremendous battle begun by the
X German attack on the allied arc
like front around Tpres in the plains
of Flanders continues with undimin
ished fury, and England, like the rest
ot Europe, is awaiting the outcome
with undisguised anxiety.
Even the news that the allied fleet
and army have commenced an attack
on the Dardanelles and that troops are
advancing against the Turkish entrench
ments, which a few days ago would
have aroused Immense enthusiasm.
has received only P,, attention in
the face of th-TiO .a.t are in the
balance ...' which is being
r", O w . -" the English Channel.
VS ot ,
..nlle the majority of those capable
of forming an opinion believe that the
Germans by the stroke they have do
livered against the British, French and
Belgians are once again aiming at
Dunkirk and Calais, there are others
who believe that It is only a feint In
force to draw the allies' reserves while
preparations are being made for an at
tack at some other point in the long
Whatever are the intentions of the
Germans, they certainly made a suc
cessful coup, which, while it did not
break, dented the allies' lines. Cana
dians, who were holding the British
portion of the lines, were the first to
recover themselves and In a counter
attack the praises of which are ring
ing throughout the empire recaptured
the ground they had been compelled to
give up, and since then with their
comrades have, successfully withstood
tne German assaults.
The French and Belgians, who re
ceived the blast in fuller force and
were driven back across the canal be
tween Boesinghe and Ssteenstraate.
were not much slower in recovering
and, according to the French official
reports, succeeded In regaining posses
sion of the canal banks and inuch of
tne surrendered territory to the East.
There is no Inclination here, how
ever, to belittle the initial success of
the German sweep and the work that Is
oeiore the allied armies before the sit
uation can be fully restored.
In the meantime the Austrian-Germans
have started a lev movement in
the Carpathians. Apparently they have
withdrawn the force which attempted
to outflank the Russians in the direc
tion of Stry. and are attacking them in
the neighborhood of Uzsok Pass and to
the east of that point, Austria claims
to have gained a considerable success
in the capture of additional heights and
All that is known of the attack on
the Dardanelles is contained In a brier
report Issued by the war office and
Admiralty last evening, which simply
says that In spite of serious opposition
troops have been successfully landed
at various points on the Gaiiipoii Pe
ninsula, and that their advance con
tinues. The attack is being made by land
the sea and the air. The allied airmen
are playing an important part in the
operations in locating positions and
dropping bombs on the Turkish guns
and trenches and directing the fire of
the warships, which are covering the
landing of the troops. The Russians
are doing their' share by making a
demonstration against the forts at the
Black Sea entrance of the Bosphorus.
The diplomatic situation with respect
to Italy and Greece remains obscure.
It is known, however, that conversa
tions are still proceeding between the
Germanic allies and Italy, and it is re
ported that an agreement has been
reached between Home and the triple
The position of Greece may be
cleared up after the visit which I'rince
George Is paying to Paris and London,
although nothing is likely to happen
until after the general election, which
is about to take place.
Holland, another neutral country
deeply Interested In the war, is Iso
lated except by telegraph, the British
having placed an embargo on ship
ping although two steamers loaded
with produce arrived at English ports
from Holland today while Germany
has closed both her own and the Bel
The German action is dictated by the
desire to hide the movement of troops.
The British action is not explained,
except by the assumption that the Ad
miralty expects a naval battle with the
German fleet, which is cruising off
HEAT IS DAMAGING. CROPS
ICastcrn Half of Country Suffering
With Record April Temperatures.
WASHINGTON, April 26. A scorch
ing heat wave is hovering over the
Eastern half of the United States from
the Mississippi Valley to the Atlantic
Coast, causing suffering in the cities
and serious damage to wheat and other
crops in the agricultural districts.
Tonight's reports showed new tem
perature records for April established
Washington. D. C, and Richmond.
Va., 94 degrees; Toledo. O., SO; Grand
Rapids, Mich., Cincinnati, O., and
Elkins, W. Va., 88; Port Huron, Mich.,
86, and Green Bay. Wis., 84.
WIRELESS RECORD IS MADE
Train Orders Sent 63 Miles by Ap
plication of Marconi System.
' NEW YORK. April 26. A new dis
tance record for wireless telephony in
railroad service was claimed today by
officials of the Lackawanna Railroad.
Communications by wireless concern
ing the movement of Lackawanna
trains were exchanged between rail
road superintendents at Scranton, Pa.,
and Blnghamton, N. Y., 63 miles.
Trains between those two cities
were moved for several hours yester
day under ordera sent or received by
OF SHOTS ALLEGED
Ex-Agentt)f Mine Union
LEADER ARMED DAY OF FIGHT
Man Came From Point of Fatal
Shooting, Says Witness.
SECRET DUTIES ARE TOLD
Self-Stjled Rod guard of Colorndo
Labor Offlt ials Declares He Also
Transported Ammunition to
TRINIDAD. Colo., April 26. John
R. Lawson, late in the afternoon of
October 25, 1913, armed with a rifle
and pistol, came from the Colorado &
Southeastern Railroad cut near which
John Nimmo on that same day whs shot
to death, according to the testimony late
today of Charles Snyder.
Lawson said. "My God, is anybody
hurt here? We fired over 250 rholi
at you," Snyder swore, after he had
related how he, as an agent of the
United Mine Workers of America, had
gone in an automobile loaded with am
munition to the scene of the battle be
tween strikers and deputy sheriffs, in
which Nimmo was killed.
Lawson. District 13 executive board
member of the United Mine Workers.
Is on trial charged with the murder of
John Nimo, one of the deputies.
Duties Serret, Sa U lliru.
Former witnesses for the state had
testified that Nimmo was shot by men
in the railroad cut. shortly beforo
dark, while he was advancing on the
position said to have been held by the
Snyder described himself as an'ex
membor of the United Mine Workers.
He said that about the time the re
cent strike of Colorado coal miners
was called, he had been employed by
Lawson. JJ. L. Doyle, secretary-trean-urer
or District 15; Frank J. Hayco, in
ternational vice-president of P'wtrlct
15, and other union officers tt serve
as secret agent anil also an bodyguard
for Lawson and other union leaders.
After a time, he testified, he discon
tinued his alleged services as secret
agent but continued to be bodyguard
and purchaser of arms and ammuni
tion fur the strikers.
OrfeuKe l.eara Point.
Snyder was called to the stand late
In the day by the prosecution. The
examination was begun by Norton
Montgomery, assistant District Attor
ney. The witness, after relating hi
alleged membership in the union and
his acquaintance with Lawson and
other officials, was asked, to detail
a ronvtrMillon he had with 12. L. Duyic
September 2u. IS 1.1. Thei. was im
mediate object ion from Horn, e N. Haw
kins for the defense. Ilawkin eon
tended that as the alleged conversation
did not lake place in tho presence or
the acl'cndant. It was lnadmi.-nible.
Counsel for both sides gathered at
the desk of Judge Granby Jllllyer and
engaged in animated argument cut of
earshot of the Jury. They then ad
journed to the Judge's chambers, where
the discussion was continued. Finally
the Judge and lawyers returned to th
courtroom and the court announced
that the conversation would be ad
mitted. tnlon Mca Kmploy llodysaard.
"Doyle told mo in tlie union head
quarters at Denver that a atllku had
been called In Southern Colorado." re
lated Snyder. "Me said Lawson, Hayes.
John McLennan and himself would soon
go to Trinidad and that they might be
in danger. He asked me If I would act
as a bodyguard and if I could get an
other man to do the same kind of
The witness accepted the; position, he
said, and got John Petty to assist him.
He said he assumed the name of "Tom
Marshall" and Petty that of "Pat Mur
phy." Before the alleged deal was closed,
he testified, he had another talk with
Doyle. At this conference. September
20. he swore, Lawson and Hayes were
present. He got Instructions to go to
Trinidad and begin his duties.
Ammunition la Dlatrlbuted.
Snyder said that on October 7 the
date of the so-called first battle ot
Ludlow lie went with Lawson to tlio
tent colony of Aguilar. While there,
he said, Lawson got a telephone call
from the Ludlow tent colon'- notifying
him that a fight was in progress and
they went to Ludlow.
He said ho went to Ludlow from
Trinidad October 9, when word waa
received that there was another battle.
He took ammunition to Ludlow in an
automobile. At Ludlow he saw Law
son. "Lawson instructed the men who re
ceived the shells to Issue them to the
men of the colony." the witness said.
"He had a rifle and side gun."
AERIAL FOE IS NEAR DOVER
German Seaplane Tries to Drop
Bomb on British Trawler.
POVKI1. Rngland, April 27. A tier
man seaplane attempted Monday night
to drop bombs on a trawler in the
channel Just east of Dover.
The attempt met with no success and
a British seaplane went in pursuit.