Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 26, 1915)
THE arORXIXG OREGOMAJT. - FRIDAY. 3IARCH 26. 1913.
HOW ITALY, RUSSIA, ROUMANIA, SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO WANT TO PARTITION AUSTRIA-
: jf r ?
Park. West Park Free Telephone
Near Wash. St. Mar. 5533; A 5533
Open Dally, Noon to 11 P. M. Open Sunday, IOiSO to 11 P. M.
Austrians Routed and Nearly
Baron Rosen Says Present
War Is Revolt Against Dom
inance of Might:
6000 Are Made Prisoners
in Lupkow Pass.
TODAY AND SATURDAY
The Blessed Miracle
VICTORY HELD IMPORTANT
NEW ORDER IS DEMANDED
STRONG WORKS ARE
TAKEN BY RUSSIANS
formins of Viciously Defended Po
sition in Carpathians Succeeds
i JDcvpitc niffieullles cw Iu
vaion of rru&tia Hinted-
LONDON. March 2b. Taking an im
portant fortified Austrian position by
torm. capturing nearly 6000 prisoners
Ana uo7.cn: or maenme guns, partial in
jitliilation of the defenders and retreat
f the burvivors those are results re-
j'orted by the Fetroprad War Office in
a vivid description of a terrific battle
in the region of Lupkow Pass, Car
An unofficial report from Petrograd
indit ates that another Russian force
either has Invaded East Prussia from
the frontier town of Tourogrgen a few
mites south of Mem el) or is advancing
.long the border in the face of vigorous
Ritual a a Sucre Uerlnlve.
Regarding the Lupkow Pass success,
the official Petrograd dispatch says:
"In the Carpathians our offensive on
the front in the direction between Bart
feld and Usesok Is developing with com
plete success. Our troops, operating
under extremely difficult conditions,
gained a most decisive success in the
region of Luppoff (Lupkow) Pass,
where we carried by assault a very im
portant Austrian position on the great)
crest of the Beskid Mountains. j
"Having forced a wood, which was a
perfect entanglement of barbed wires
and surrounded by several layers o
trenches, our infantry pushed forward
to the principal positions of the enemy,
the men hauling the guns. After bom
hard tug It at a distance of 60 paces,
they crossed deep ditches fortified with
palisade and carried the enemy
works, which were strongly armed and
provided with internal defenses.
(uMt-r Attack: Fall.
"The Austrians made several fierce
counter attacks in close rank forma
tlon, but were dispersed and partly
annihilated by our Are and bayonet
"Toward the morning of the 24th the
enemy began a retreat on certain po
titions. .During the day we took as
prisoners about 1C0 officers and 5600
men, and besides captured several
dozens of machine guns,'
"On the front toward the west of th
Middle Niemen we continued to mak
Aaatrtama Capture 15O0.
The following official statement was
Issued today by the Austrian War Of
"Our troops in the Carpathians on the
front west of Uzsok Pass have repulsed
heavy Russian attacks, and the fighting
continues. Recently we captured 1500
of the enemy. Near Wyszkow the
enemy's attack on the positions we
captured Monday- has failed."
The Berlin War Office report follows
"Russian attacks to the east and
southeast of Augustowo, near Jednoro
zek and to the northeast of Frzaanf :tt
.'TRENT'. Vc.v, J
v-m fitAVONIA. V,
TCODITAOW ujamtC n
s- r'V i ia
BY I TALY O
TERRITOBY WANTEOS ,r A,
. OT StKVIA Sl M0NTENEC-KO .
a.lL: it. Sf
tww7 tr nesirian novuKts ...
The political jtmhiLiona of Italy, Russia, and the Balkan states as a result of the -war In the event of victory
for allies are centered on Anstria.-Hun piiry.
Kome hopes to regain Italia. Irredenta, embracing- tbe provinces of Trent, Ifitrla and Flume. To make Italy su
preme in the Adriatic it also wants th e JJelmatian Islands, along- the east coast of this erreat arm of the Mediter
ranean. Russia Trill demand all of Callci a and the northern half of Bnkowina. Including Csrnowitr.
Serbia and Montenegro want to in clnde in a new Slav nation the Austrian provinces of Bosnia, Herzegovina,
Croatia. SLavonia, O&lmatia and Caroli na.
ILonmania'a plans of expansion tak e in the southern half of Bukowlna, Transylvania and the Hungarian prov
inces of Kirchiana and Moramaresch.
J DISEASE SWEEPS AUSTRIA
Wounded in Deplorable State and
Worst Is to Conic, Sajs American.
NEW YORK, March 25. Typhoid,
smallpox and other diseases are epi
demic amung the Austrian soldiers, ac
cording to Dr. Charles McDonald, of
Washing tun. head of the American war
relief husitltal established in - Buda
pest, who reached this port today
aboard the steamer America from
"When warmer weather conies, I be
lieve typhoid will sweep through the
Austrian army like a prairie fire." Dr.
McDonald said. At present sanitary
conditions among the Austrian soldiers
are comparative to conditions that pre
vailed in the American Army during
the Spanish American War, he said.
The plight of the wounded is deplor
! HOLLAND IS FOR PEACE
? Co eminent Promises to lo All It
J- Caii at Proper Time.
t EERIUN, March 25. (By wireless to
Sayvllle, N. Y.) Amon the items sriven
I out by the Overseas News Agency for
publication today teas the following::
C "The utch Foreign Minister, reply-
" inir to a memorial addressed to Queen
X Wilhelmina by several of her subjects
1 asking the Queen to use her pood offices
toward bringing about peace, informed
I, the petitioners that both the Queen and
; the government of the Netherlands
t strongly desired peace, and that they
would do all in their power at the
proper time to effect peace."
RUSSIA HAS TRADE PLAN
Echauge of Hides for American
Leather Goods Is Suggested.
WASHINGTON". March 25. A sug
gestion that difficulties of American
trade extension in Russia might be
overcome by a co-operative plan for
the exchange of American leather
manufactures for Russian hides has
been made to the New England Shoe
and Leather Association by Henry D
Baker, commercial attache at Petro
Krad. who will leave the United States
to return to bis post in a fortnight.
Depreciated Russian exchange, which
has fallen from 10 to 15 per cent,
Mr. Baker said, now prevented any
j FESTIVAL CHAIN PROPOSED
: Pacific Coast Association Meets to
; Plan Amalgamation.
J SAJV FRAXCISCO. March S5 The
festivals Association opened Its conven-
tlon here today at the exposition
t round. The association is endeavor
: ins to amalgamate all the Pacific Co&st
; festivals into a chain, giving the visitor
; to th Coast a serie of festivals, car
t nival, pcrtolas, flectas:, rodeos, etc all
" the One,
Co-operaXloa -wad promised the &o-
APOLOGY ASKED FOR
Bryan Wants Zapata to Atone
for Insult to Flag.
SALUTE IS NOT REQUIRED
Stars and Stripes Torn by Murder
ers of McManus, Brazilian Min
ister ReportsForeign Hap
Violated at Manzanillo.
women were then executed with great
atrocity, while the younfrer women
were carried away as slaves.
As a result of the war, 12.000 As
syrians are taking refuge in- the Cau
casus, some 17,000 are described as In
Imminent danger at tbe Urumiah mis
sions, while 20,000 aredead or missing.
Furthermore, much, property has been
ONLY ARTILLERY ACTIVE
LULL ON WESTERN FRONT IS INDI
CATED BV OFFICIALS.
WASHINGTON. March 23. How the
American flag which was flying over
the homo of John B. McManus, a citizen
of the United States, in Mexico City,
was "torn and dragged half way down
the pole" by Zapata soldiers when they
murdered McManus and looted his
house two weeks asro. is told in dis
patches from the Brazilian Minister,
made public today by Secretary Brynn.
This incident was reported at tne
time the death of McManus was being
investigated, but there had been no an
nouncement of It until today. Secre
tary Bryan said reparation for the in
sult to the flag had been asked for
from Zapata authorities, but that, o
far. no reply had come. In answer to
Inquiries he said there had been no de
mand for a salute to the flag as In the
Regret for Killing Expressed.
One expression of regret for the kill
ing of McManus already had been re
ceived from General Palafox. the Zapata
commander, with a promise of indemnity
for the family and punishment for the
slayers if apprehended.
Brazilian Minister in reporting Mc
Manus' death March 11 mentioned only
the fact that the American flag- was
flying over the house. The next day
he sent a further report referring to
'the desecration of the flag." An in
qulry from the department as to what
this meant brought an explanation on
March 1 that an American committee.
which Investigated the occurrence re
ported to him that "following a fusil
lade which preceded the general entry
of the Zapatistas into the house, the
flag was badly torn by the Zapatistas
and dragged half way down the pole.'
Other Foreign Flags Violated.
The same committee, the minister re
ported, had submitted to him a photo
graph of the house and flag.
In this connection it became known
today that several foreign flags had
been violated recently at Manzanillo.
among them the American flag over
the house of an American ranchman.
When the matter was called to the at
tention of General Carranza, he denied
the truth of the reports of American
and British consuls.
OLD GLORY SAVES 3000
AMERICAN PREVENTS MASSACRE
BV Tl'RKS AND KURDS.
Men and Boys In Persian Vil
lages Are Slaughtered and Girls
Are Takea Away as Slaves.
TIFLIS. Persia, via Petrograd and
London, March 24. Confirmation has
reached here of an assault made by
Turks and Kurds at Urumiah on Rev.
Eli F. Allen, formerly of Portland, Or.
bishop and four clergymen were
hanged at the mission.
Harry P. Packard, the American doc
tor of the missionary station at Uru
miah of the board of foreign missions
of the Presbyterian Church, risked his
life In a successful effort to prevent
frightful massacre at Geogtapa,
where 3000 Assyrians made their last
stand. They had fought for three days
and all their ammunition was gone. At
this Juncture Dr. Packard unfurled an
American flag and advanced between
the lines. His act resulted In the sav
ing of all but 200 of the Assyrians, who
had been burned in a church.
Fifteen thousand Assyrian Christians
ave taken refuge under the protection
of the American mission station, while
2000 are at the French mission.
At Gulpashan the Kurds were par-
Iculariv cruel. This was the last of a
total of 109 Assyrian villages to hold
ut and it was occupied a month ago.
The Kurds ordered all the Assyrian
males into the streets, tied them in
groups of five, marched them tq the
graveyard and killed them barbarously
Fairly Lively Engagement by Big Guns
la Champagne District Is Only Oper
ation of Importance.
PARIS, via London, March 25. Offi
cial reports by the War Office today
Indicated an almost complete lull in war
operations on the' front. The report
issued early In the day said only:
"In the Champagne district there
were yesterday fairly lively artillery
engagements. In the neighborhood of
Hill No. 196 we repulsed three German
attacks.- In the Argonne the German
attack at Fontaine failed. At Epargeg
we repulsed three counter-attacks.
The communication issued tonigh
was even more brief. It said:
"The day passed calmly and there Is
nothing to report except a German at
tack at Notre Dame de Lorette, which
BERLIN. March 25. (By wireless to
Sayville, N. Y.) The official communi
cation given out today by German army
"With the exception of unimportant
engagements on the heights of the
Meuse, southeast of Verdun, and ' on
Hartmann's-Weilerkopf, which still con
tinue, only artillery duels took place
along the western front yesterday.'
WOMEN DARE DEATH
Service in Dread Plague Zone
Bravely Given by Americans.
WILLS ARE MADE FIRST
BATTLESHIP IS ON WAY
GEORGIA SENT TO PROGRESO TO
HELP KEEP YUCATAN QUIET.
Bryan Thinks Arrangements Will Be
Made Soon for Shipment of Sisal
Needed In United States.
WASHINGTON, March 25. Rear-Admiral
Caperton, commanding the Amer
ican fleet in Mexican waters, today or
dered the battleship Georgia from Vera
Cruz to Progreso, where there have
been local troubles. His dispatch re
porting the movement of the Georgia
said the port of Progreso still was
The Georgia will join the cruiser Des
Moines, now at Progreso guarding for
eign interests and seeingrto it that the
port is kept open to commerce. Their
presence is expected to aid In the
maintenance of quiet at Yucatan, where
the sisal hemp growers are trying to
get out their crop needed by American
Secretary Bryan said today conditions
had grown more favorable in Yucatan
and that there were assuring indi
cations that arrangements soon would
be completed for shipment from
Progreso and Merida of 110,000 bales
of sisal already contracted for from
the Yucatan government by American
interests. Details of the plan, the Sec
retary said, were being concluded in
Kopen with the twine manufacturers.
Rear-Admiral Caperton reported to
the Navy Department that the Alvardo
government, Carranza s taction. In
Yucatan had taken over the Yucatan
Doctors of United Stales Red Cross
Arc as Heroic in Volunteering
to Enter Pestilence-Swept
Districts of Serbia.
WASHINGTON, March 25. Heroism
of American Red Cross doctors and
nurses in the plague-stricken districts
of Serbia are graphically described in
reports to headquarters of the Amer
ican Red Cross. . , .
One report tells of the "inspiring
and blood-tingling heroism of a corps
of American women and men who have
been facing the ugly -countenance of
eath every day that, they have been
service in .the Gevgella country, as
well as of certain additional American
Red Cross surgeons- and nurses who,
forewarned and fully advised about the
state of affairs in that section. Volun
teered to go to the rescue of their fel
low Americans and are now on their
way there, after having arranged their
personal affairs as though preparing
for certain death."
One American Doctor la Dead.
At the time the report was written
early in March one American surgeon.
Dr. James F. Donnelly, of Brooklyn,
had died as the result of typhus and
cabled reports said that nine of the 12
American Red Cross trained nurses and
three of the remaining Ave surgeons
sent to Gevgelia last November were
down with the frightful malady.
How gravely the situation Is regard
ed was expressed today in this state
ment, made at the Red Cross head
quarters: "With much of continental Europe
in highly unsettled state, with fields
and trenches drenched with blood; with
shallow graves of thousands of dead
scattered throughout the war area;
with vermin and filth on every hand;
with hundreds of thousands of wounded
men being cared for in a pitifully inad
equate way, a vast number of them
having Infected wounds, and with the
approach of warm weather and attend
ing flies and mosquitos, Europe may be
well bravely apprehensive fearful that
an unprecedented plague will sweep the
Many Women Brave Death.
In one portion of a report from Ser
bia the heroic conduct of American Red
Cross surgeons and nurses who volun
teered to go to their fellow-workers in
Gevgelia is described as follows:
To the lasting credit of American
womanhood it should be said that there
were numbers of offers from American
Red Cross trained nurses to go to Gev
gelia. In two or three cases they an
nounced they had made a final adjust
ment of their personal affairs and were
ready to face death itself. One insist
ent nurse said that she had no near
relatives and therefore would not be
missed that there was no one depend
ent on her. Another nurse, who had
only an aged father of her immediate
family living, said she had talked tne
matter over with him fully and had
at last persuaded him to permit her to
accept this hazardous service. '
Jbx-Knssian Ambassador to United
States Says Life of Community
of Nations Mtost Bo Organ
ised on Different Basts.
PETROGRAD, March . (Correspond
ence or the Associated Press.) It is
tne opinion of Baron Roman Rosen
that the war should lead to an entirely
new conception of international polit
ical relations. Armed peace, he points
out, has been a failure,' and it 'will be
necessary to evolve a new theory for
the purpose of maintaining the polit
ical equilibrium of Europe.
oaron uosen formerly was Russian
Ambassador to the United States, and
served as one of the Russian envoys
at the Portsmouth peace conference.
He is now a member of the Upper
House of the Russian Parliament.
"The portentous and calamitous
events we are witnessing," said the
Baron, "should, it seem, impress civi
lized mankind with the necessity of or
ganizing the life of the community of
nations upon a different basis, de
signed so as to preclude the possibility
of any ono power automatically involv
ing almost all the others In a catas
trophe, such as Germany's over-ween
ing- ambition has brought upon the
Modern Equilibrium Falls.
'It can hardly be denied that the
much vaunted equilibrium baed on
the grouping of the great powers of
Europe in two irreconcilably hostile
camps has lamentably failed to do so.
Instead of being, as was claimed for It,
tne surest safeguard of the peace of
Europe, it has proved the cause of
constant emulation between the op
posing group's of powers in ever-grow
ing formidable armaments, and has
finally led to one of the powers con
cerned resorting to the criminal folly
of a war.
"To devise a plan of safeguarding
the civilized world against the re
currence or . a catastrophe such as
the present one will, after the
conclusion of peace, become the task,
and should not prove to be beyond the
imits of the competence of true states
Baron Rosen reflected the viewpoint
that the war was "the revolt of man
kind against the Idea that might goes
"Place la Sun" Not Begrudged. 4
'This is why the sympathy of the
world seems to be on the side of the
allies." he continued. "No one dreams
of begrudging the German people the
'place in the -sun' that is theirs by
birthright among the great nations on
footing'of equality; but the world
will never submit to the hegemony of
the 'mailed fist.'
"No one doubts the patriotism of the
Germans or their determination to
fight as lotng as their resources last.
Still, the ' amount of ' suffering which
this war entails, not only on the bel
ligerents, but also on the rest of the
civilized world, is bound to grow from
month to month as the war continues.
Therefore, It would seem to be to the
Interest of all concerned, and most of
all, perhapB, of the German people
themselves, to bring the war to a con
clusion as soon as possible.
General Coalition Proposed.
The surest way of reaching such a
result would be to bring about a gen
eral coalition such as crushed the
power of the first Nepoleon, still hav
ing France Intact and an honored
member of the family of nations.
"Falling this, however, a league of
neutrals, especially if it be headed by
the United States, might bring to bear
on Germany moral pressure sufficient
to make her realize the futility of con
tinuing a atrugglo that certainly could
Three Acta With Ethel Clayton and Joseph Kaufmann.
This is a heart-gripping play. Intense in sentiment to the shrin
of motherhood and fatherhood. A play for every man and every
woman. A story of the childless marriage. Another woman pre
tends sympathy and wins the man away. The wife discovers al
most too late that tho lonp-looked-for has happened. She tries
to communicate with her husband, but the letter is returned un
opened afterwards it is discovered that it whs done by the other
woman. She seeks her husband and at his hotel the "blessed
miracle" takes place. Words cannot describe the story.
MOTHERS FREE Any mother who feels that circumstances will
not permit her to afford the price to sec "The Blessed Miracle"
will gladly be admitted free of charge between the hours of 12
and 6 today. MELVIN G. WINSTOCK,
' General Manager National Amusement Co.
? - T
KrV& -it -- . A 'A
. it it-
: ft. -
.5 A"- -J
a . J
SCENE 1'KOM THE HI.ESSKD MIRACLE.
BARRIERS SWEPT AWAY
Two-act Feature Drama of Love and Intrigue.
THE LADY OF SHALLOTT
Clean and clever comedy.
MISS LILA VIVIENNE BARBOUR
One of the most versatile and entertaining singers we have the
pleasure of offering.
TWO PIANOS AND PIPE ORGAN
In combination throughout plays. An exceptional feature.
Sunday Miss Florence Turner
In "For Her People" 4 Acts
never lead to
a realization of her am
Aslies of eaa Pent by Mali.
TJEicni.iETON. Or.. March 5. (Spe
olal.) eamethlna- like flurry of ex
citement was caused at the Pendleton
n.4rin. t mi v. wlinrt tha news w
spread about that a dead man had Just
been slilppeo by paroei pasi. m
in this sase traveled tn a box a foot
long, whloh contained the ashes of
Thomas P. Balrd, a patient at the East
ern Oregon State Hospital, who died
early in the week. The aHhes were sent
by mall to relatives In Seattle.
MARGUERITE CLARK IN "GRETNA GREEN" PACKS PEOPLES
5 v MX
; MY ( :: ' Wk
1 1 I J
HOT PIPE RETURNS SPEECH
British Soldier Returned as Dumb
Swears Alond When Burned.
LONDON, March 6. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) Two among
the British prisoners of war returned
by Germany as totally disabled have al
ready recovered from their afflictions.
A blind man sees and a dumb man
Lance Corporal Fowkes. of the lth
Hussars, was shot In the head at Mons
and was pronounced permanently blind
by the Germans, But ha has regained
his sight as the result of a special X
The news of Corporal Fowkes' reeov.
ery had scarcely sta-ted the gossip go
ing in Queen Alexandra Hospital, when
the patients were startled, or shocked,
by the sharp exclamation of "Oh, Hell!'
The words came from a patient who
had been -struck dumb by concussion
when a shell burst near. He had un
wittingly put his hand en a hot water
pipe, and the shock et" the sura re-
tifttui tow i aaoflf.b. ,
'Why did the ladies in the days of
chivalry give their gloves to the
"I suppose it was to show they had
an admirer on hand.
If you are not familiar with the rapid
action of Poslam In the relief and
eradication of any skin trouble, you
will be astonished to see bow readily
it takes hold and how easily its work
Eczema, Acne. Tetter, Psoriasis, Piles.
Skin-Scale, Salt Rheum, Barbers' and
all forms of Itch are eradicated. Slight
troubles, such bb Pimples, Red Noses,
Rashes, Complexion Blemishes, etc., re
spond so readily that overnight treat
ment is often enough.
All druggists sell Poslam, For free
sample, write to Emergency Labora
tories S3 West 3th street. New Tork.
Poslam Seap, medicated with Poslam,
improves skin and hair, Adv,
SCENE FROM PLAY, SHOWING MARGUERITE CLARK, WHICH IS
DELIGHTING CROWDS IN HOUSE AT WEST PARK AND ALDER.
Marguerite Clark, the dainty and magnetic star of "Wlldflower,"
is packing the Peoples Theater at every performance with her de
lightful interpretation of Dolly Ersklne, English belle and coquette,
in the fascinating photo-drama "Gretna Green," which will run at the
Peoples Theater today and tomorrow.
Marguerite Clark is adored by thousands of movie fans and In
"Gretna Green" she makes them love her more and more. She fas
cinates by her artlessness. As a young woman said at the PeopleB
Theater yeserday: "She Is Just perfectly cute."
Immediately after the conclusion of the Marguerite Clark play, the
great comedian, John Barrymore, will be seen at the Peoples Thea
ter In that screaming farce, "Are You a Mason?" beginning Sunday.
In "Gretna Green," Miss Clark far surpasses all her former suc
cesses. This latest appearance of the diminutive and charming star
on the Paramount Programme is certain to establish her as one of the
foremost screen artistes of the world.
The Play possesses all the essential elements valuable to the success
ful screen drama love, sacrifice, humor, mystery and thrill and is of
the picturesque period of the early. 19th century, when romantic elope
ments to Gretna Green, a lovers' haven in the North of Scotland, added
a dash of excitement to many true love matches, when hearts reigned
over the marts of commerce, Just before the prose of business
usurped the poetry of romance in old England.
In "Gretna Green" Marguerite Clark portrays the character of Dolly
Ersklne, a little English belle and a bit of a flirt, but loyal to her
friends and brave of heart.
Everyone who sees "Gretna Green" is delighted.
WOMEN WHO ARE
May Find Help
Swan Creek, Mich. "I cannot speak
too highly of your medicine. When
through neglect or
overwork I get run
down and my appe
tite is poor and I
have that weak, lan
guid, always tired
feeling, I get a bot
tle of LydiaE. Pink
Compound, and it
builds me up, gives
me strength, and re
stores me to perfect
health again. It is truly a great bless
ing to women, and I cannot speak too
highly of it I take pleasure in recom
mending it to others." Mrs. Annie
Cameron, R.F.D., No. 1, Swan Creek,
Another Sufferer Kelleved.
Hebron, Me. "Before taking your
remedies I was all run down, discour
aged and had female weakness. I took
Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Com
pound and used the Sanative Wash, and
find today that I am an entirely new
woman, ready and willing to do my
housework now, where before taking
your medicine it was a dread. I try to
impress upon the minds of all ailing
women I meet the benefits they can
derive from your medicines." Mrs..
Charles Rowe, Kennebago, Maine.
If you want special advice
write to Lydia K. Plnkham Med
icine Co., (confidential) Lynn,
Mass. Your letter wil be opened,
read and answered by a woman
and held in strict confidence.
. z . .
Cigarettes fifteen years ago
are smokers of
Cigarettes today I
U ifes j(4 sag. Sir b&biaa gad Plor,