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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 25, 1915)
VOL. jLV. "0. 16,952.
PORTLAND, OREGOX, THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BLIZZARD DEFIED IN
Germans Move on, Des
WORK OF FIRST IMPORTANCE
'KoJossal' Fitly Describes Task
of Vast Conception.
SOLDIERS CHEERFUL, ALERT
Fifth of Army, Busy Caring for Re
maining Four-Fifths, Toils l'n
ceasing! j Lowlez Is Gold
, and Squalid, Too.
' BT JAMES O DOXNELL BENNETT.
(Wir correspondent of the Chicago Trin
tme. CopvrlEht, 1915. by the Chicago Trib
une. Punished by arrangement.)
LOWICZ. Russia. Feb. 22. The bill
iard that has been threatening for
hours has come. Night has fallen. It is
slmost as dark indoors as out, for the
supply of petroleum has run so low
that it is served out in cupfuls and
nly to high ofTicers and to cooks.
Both must do their work, and the work
ef both is of the first importance.
The blizzard is sweeping across the
wide square that the soldiers have fa
cetiously renamed "'Hlndcnburg platz.
Jt is blinding men and horses.
The blizzard rises in fury. The
rtreets are almost deserted. Four sold
iers, laughing in rich guturals, are
carrying newly arrived mail sacks to
the sorting station.
An officer passes, flashing his pocket
lamp every 30 paces, not keeping it go
ing continuously, for one must con
serve the battery. The precious thing
throws beams a block long.
Deep Drifts Muffle Sounds.
A lonely horseman rides by. Her" is
a ubian and the mortar board of his
helmet has caught a heaping handful
of damp snow. It adds three Inches to
his great height. The footsteps of his
honn make not a Bound on the cobble
stones, so deep are the drifts. " .
The synagogue shows black above
the white roofs" of the shops on each
aid of it.
The .abbey church shows white.
Light gleams fitfully behind its high
windows, seeming at times almost to
die away. Then there is a sound of
chopping, and presently the light is
brighter. It comes from the littlo fires
that the Russian prisoners have built
with pieces of choir stalls and of cof
fins. 1 stop and peer through the iron
rates of the abbey wall.
A sentry calls. "Wer da?"" "Kriegs
bcrichstaltcr bus Amcrika," I say, and
ho gives a grunt of recognition an'l ac
cepts a cigarette.
Civilians Musi Slar Iloaie.
"Not so fine and clean in this Russia
as in Germany.'" I say.
"For the will of God," he replies,
"not a thousandth part as fine and
A few hooded women wearing boots
go clumping by. They are dishwashers
from the officers' casino and are being
takn to their homes by a detail of the
cuard. Ordinarily no civilians are al
lowed on the streets at this hour.
The snow lias drifted the full length
of the 20-foot archways that lead up
into the courts around which the
houses irn built. In an' occasional
house lights are flashing, and the ser
vants of late-arriving officers can be
seen drawing curtains or stuffing bits
of carpets into window frames tnat
Everybody is In his quarters and
huddled against the porcelain stove, if
he Is so lucky as to have found quar
ters containing a porcelain stove,
Heavy Firing: Heard.
The next morning I rise early, so S3
to have a long day behind the guns at
Rolimow. The storm has died down.
The dawn is sickly and grayish. At 4
o'clock the artillery has resumed firing.
I open the window and listen. The
rumble of the guns ail along that great
line to the east Is heavier and more
rapid than I have ever heard it be
fore. 1 look out on the snow-covered
square. A fresh regiment, also bound
for the front, is drawn up in the wan
light: gray and blue clad masses of
men who look cheerful and alert. The
only sound In the square Is the soft
pounding they make on the snow when
Ihcy stamp their feet to keep them
Hoarse cries of command run along
the lines and they swing through the
narrow streets and out onto the plain.
A wagon train follows them: then an
other regiment, then more wagon
trains and detachments of uhlans, their
lances making black menace against
the low horizon line.
Ghostly Taaeaat rum,
For an hour at a time in the dull
rlawn of these heavy Russian days and
Jn the sad twilight I have stood on the
banks of the Bzura and watched the
majestic ghostly pageant moving on
the rim of the plain and then slowly
(.ropping from sight. ,
The river at my feet makes no sound.
The sentry at my side, like. me. Is
atlent before the wonder and the, heart
ache of the picture. Faint tries of
command come to us across the wide
fields- Then all is still, and .the tight
reflected from the snow plays curious
tricks with the vi&ion and makes the
column srem to stand motionless, every
wagon wheel and horse's head and
tConcludcd on 1'age o.
WAR PARTY'S FATE MAY TCKS
OX COUNT OF BALLOTS.
"Xew Woman" Figures in Campaign
.First Time in Nation's History.
1500 Bribery Arrests Made.
' TOKIO, March 25. Closing an, ex
citing campaign, during which the
wives of several candidates at Toklo
made personal visits and appeals to the
voters, a general election was held to
day throughout the Japanese Empire to
choose a new House of Representatives.
The last House was dissolved by the
Emperor on Christmas day, 1914, be
cause of its refusal to ratify the mili
tary programme of the Cabinet. .To
day's election, therefore, not only
brings in a new House, but decides the
fate of the Cabinet headed by, Count
The campaign has been the most ex
citing and expensive In the history of
Japan. The candidates employed thou
sands . of canvaBsers and there were
daily rallies In the streets and halls
throughout the country. An Increased
appeal to the reason of the voters was
in evidence. Premier Okuma made
whirlwind campaign, speaking from a
special train, while leaders like Yukio
Osaki, the Minister of Justice, distrib
uted their views by phonograph.
Appearance of women in the cam
paign, for the first, time in Japanese
history, caused a sensation. The wives
of several of the candidates made a
house-to-house canvass in behalf of
their husbands, thereby provoking com.
merit In the newspapers concerning the
development of the "new woman."
The police were ordered, to make
quick arrests in the case of bribery.
As a result. 1500 persons wre ar
Taking into consideration the fact
that the population of Japan is ap
proximately 54.000,000, the suffrage is
small, only about 2,000.000 persons
having the right to vote. The City of
Toklo, with a population of a little
more than 2,000.000, has only 40,000
BRITAIN EXPRESSES REGRET
Reparation Promised for Wounding
of American at Bermuda.
WASHINGTON, March 24. The Brit,
ish Ambassador, Sir Cecil Spring-Rice,
expressed regret of his government at
the State Department today for the
wounding of George B. Montgomery, of
Buffalo, N. y by a sentry at Bermuda
ml promised repat!on. The Arabas
Bador took action without waiting for
full details of the Incident.
it is understood that Montgomery's
negro boatman had been warned and
fired on before for approaching too
near the war prison, but it is known
that Montgomery did not know lie was
In forbidden waters. The colonial au
thorities at Bermuda have promised a
prompt report. Montgomery was shot
in the foot.
N1GHTRIDER IS CONVICTED
First of Arkansas Band Guilty, and
100 Are Incriminated.
BL1THEVILLE. Ark., March 24.
Mark Rogers, the first of several farm
ers to be placed on trial on charges of
night riding, was convicted on three
counts by a jury here today. The
charges against the men are out
growths of attempts of a band of
white-capped horsemen several months
;o to drive negroes from the county.
Local authorities asserted tonight
they have evidence incriminating more
than 100 persons as the result of con
fessions obtained from men under in
dictment. The sentencing of Rogers was post
TRENT CLEARED FOR FIGHT
Austrians Raze Buildings Near Bor
der of Italy.
GENEVA, via Paris. March 2. An
uncensored dispatch to the Tribune
from the Austrian border says that
Austrian military engineers have blown
up with dynamite all the buildings be
towcen Suganana Pass, in Trent, and
I.ake Guard a. on the Italian frontier,
which would be in the line of artillery
The eastern part of the town of Ro
vcreto is reported to have been aban
doned and all tlte buildings torn down.
All persons suspected of pro-Italian
sympathies are said to have been sent
into the interior to be interned.
MORE RAIDERS PREDICTED
British Admiral Expects Big In
crease in German Submarines.
LONDON. March 24. A large increase
in the number of German submarines
operating In the waters around the
British Isles was predicted by Rear
Admiral the Marquis of Bristol, in an
address at a meeting in London today
of the- institution of naval architects,
of which ho is president.
The Lord Admiral advocated ,tba
equipping of all merchantmen with
armament sufficient to deal with sub
marines. WILSON VISITS SON-IN-LAW
McAdoo's Condition After Operation
Uood as Could Be Expected.
WASHINGTON'. March 24. President
Wilson today visited Secretary Mc
Adoo. his son-in-law, who was removed
to his home from a hospital after an
operation for appendicitis.
The President was told Mr. McAdoo's
condition was as good as could be ex
PEACE IS IN SIGHT
Activity in Stocks Re
garded as Harbinger.
FRANCE STOPS BUYING HORSES
Business Revival Attributed to
Recent War Reports.
MUCH MONEY IS AVAILABLE
Customers Are In Greater Number
Sow Than at Any Time Since
Reopening or Exchange in New
York, Say Chicago Brokers.
CHICAGO, March 24. (Special.)
That the stock market in its vigorous
and sweeping advance has begun to
"discount" the end of the European
war was the opinion expressed today
by heads of La Salle-street brokerage
Arms. They called attention to the
adage that pronounced movements in
the stock market nearly always rep
resent adjustments to financial condi
tions some six months In advance of
"I think that it is safe to say that
there are appearing from day to day
many harbingers of peace," said F. C.
Aldrich, of Finley Barrell & Co., presi
dent of the Chicago Stock Exchange.
Little straws, we might call them.
France Stops Buying Horses.
"We had a report today, for instance,
that France had stopped buying horses
in Chicago and elsewhere. Recently
the war news has been of a character
to help the stock mavket,
"Our people, including our New York
office, are bullish. Our Wall Street ad
vices are that sentiment is getting bet
ter, every day. Brokers' offices are
again filling up with customers, more
so than at any time since the Stock
Exchange reopened. There is a large
amount of money awaiting investment
the momqnt conditions appear favor
able. That has created a large buying
power. Of course, occasional back-sets
are to be expected, but the general
trend is promising.
Important Interests Actlte.
"What is putting the stock market
up?" echoed Charles Garald King, of
King-Farnura Co. "'The reason, as we
gather it, is good buying by the best
kind of people. Important Interests, it
appears, made up their minds & few
days ago that the time had come to
buy. Stocks go up when business is
bad just as they often go down when
business is good. That is the way the
market adjusts itself to coming events.
Now we have a combination of the
world's greatest war and depressed
business. Naturally the next change
will be for the better. The end of the
war, as I look at it, is fairly well in
Stoek Investments Are Large.
O. E. Babcock, of Rushton & Co.,
made the following comment:
"There has been of late a large
amount of investment buying of stocks.
(Concluded on Page 2.)
1 4 OLD RE CAN THAT AUm t
- - Ifr,
; - ' fSSlgggS ,
' . . t
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTERrAY'S Maximum temperature, &3.4
degrees; minimum. zs.s degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northwesterly winds:
Small damage done to Turkish forts by bom
bardment of arch IS. Page 2.
Desperate engragement in which British cap
tured Sabot Woods described by observer.
' Page 2,
Peace Is believed by financiers to be not far
distant. Page 1.
United stater protest against delay of WU-
neimtna neanng by .uritisn ts in vaiu.
Most vicious battle of war is raging In
Carpathians, Russians reporting advance.
Germans defy bilz7ards in campaign against
Russians. Page J.
Real battle for possession of Matamoras,
Mexico, imminent. Page 5.
Japanese hold exciting election for members
, of House; late or war party at ai.e.
Vice-President Marshall dedicates Panama-
Pacifio Exposition. Page 1.
Breach of promise plaintiff's trial for fraud
hinges oa disputed Identity of ex-Federal
attorney, page 6.
Railroad man says added coal business
..means more loss. Page 5. t
Beavers defeat Chicago Giants. T to 6. In
10 innings. Page 12.
Nick Wllliams'reaigns job as coach of Aggies
to be Coast League umpire, riga jz.
Small towns rally for "Twenty Thousand or
Bust" in opening game. Page 13.
Class fight at Corvallia so strenuous that
president forbids future skirmishes.
Highway contractors for Clatsop work de
mand $73,000- more than estimates
young man arrested at Eugene found to have
soso bidden in aocaa. rage o.
Commercial and Marine.
Wool speculation in West is less active.
Wheat export trade large, but Chicago prices
weaken on profit-taking. Page It.
Wall street stocks at highest point since war
besan. pa-e li.
lighthouse craft for Alaska will carry four
Seattle longshoremen now on strike to re
turn, page 3. . -
Portland and Vicinity.
Cascade Locks farmer to claim 1 100,000,000
property In New York. Page .
New weighte-and-measures code before City
Council. Page It-
Witnesses at hearing of Tom R. Sheridan tell
of absolute confidence in banker s acumen.
Chamber gains 791 new members second day.
making total x-fss. page 1.
Horses from Willamette Valley being as
sembled for service in .European war.
Jitney bill revised, passes two readings.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
GRAND ARMY BUYS HOME
Meeker Mansion at Puyallup to
House Widows of Auxiliary Body.
PUYALLUP. Wash, March 24 (Spe
cial.) An option on the of Meeker
mansion by the ttate orgaiatlon of
Ladies of the Grand Army ot the Re
putllc for a state home for widows
was announced, here today by Mrs. Ger
trude Gorman, secretary of the' organ
ization. The building, erected by Ezra
Meeker in 1890. at a cost of $18,000,
has 21 rooms with modern improve
ments. The home, which is expected to ac
commodate 75 inmates, is located on a
three-acre tract in the heart of the city
and has been used as a hospital.
TURKS' CAPITAL DEMANDED
Russian Interests Require Constanti
nople, Says Congress of Nobility.
PETROGRAD, via London, March 2.
The Congress of Representatives of
the Nobility, now holding its annual
sessions in Petrograd, today unanimous
ly adopted the following resolution:
'The vital interests of Russia require
full possession of Constantinople and
both shores of the Bosphorus ana the
Dardanelles and the adjacent islands."
GOSPEL IN Jm
Personal Contact Now
Added to Good Will.
WATERWAY BUILT FOR WORLD
Vice-President Formally Dedi
SCENE IMPRESSIVE ONE
President AVilson Lauded as Peo
ple's Greatest Peacemaker and
Hope Expressed He May Xet
Make Western Trip.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 24. Vice
President Marshall, representing the
President of the United States, form
ally dedicated today the Panama-Pacific
Exposition. Standing beneath the
great arch of the Tower of Jewels, the
Vice-President addressed the vast con
course of people who crowaea tne
Court of the Universe.
Mr. Marshall was earnest and solemn
throughout, and was constantly halted
by the applause which punctured his
effort. Especially was this the case
when he referred to his "regret that
this altruistic work '.the Panama
Canal) has a real or seeming defect in
the charge of an injustice done a sis
ter republic of the South. Let us not
be too much dismayed this day by
reason of that fact," said he. 'The
American people are wise and they
know he is not wise who is not just
Wilson Called Peacemaker,
Charles C. Moore, president of the
exDOsltion, introduced the first three
speakers, Senator James D. Phelan, of
California; Chester H. Rowell. repre
senting Governor Johnson, and Mayor
Rolph. the latter expressing the hope
to the Vice-President that the message
he would forward to the President
would be "California has done well.
I crave your sympathy and your
charity while for a few brief moments
I stand here commissioned to take, but
not to fill, the place of the President
of the United Statee," said the Vice-
President. "In justice to the day
Woodrow Wilson should be here. The
office and the man would each fit
tingly grace this occasion. But duty
said to him that Justice to all the peo
ple bade him stay in Washington, lou
hope for continued peace. Do not for
get that he is your greatest peace
maker. May the truth that he seeKs
your good rather than his own or your
pleasure lighten the disappointments of
this hour. Before the sunset bell shall
proclaim the close of this marvel of
the 20th century, the President of the
United States hopes to meet you face
California State of Mystery.
"California Is a state of mystery, of
seeming madness and method a state
replete with art, science, literature,
law, order and material prosperity of
marvelous accomplishment. What
others took to be tlie mutterings of
mighty man in sleep, she has made the
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Wednesday's War Moves
A BRITISH air raid on Hoboken, near
Antwerp, where the Germans are
constructing submarines; another
threatened effort by the Germans In
Flanders, and heavy fighting In the
Carpathians are the outstanding fea
tures of today's war news.
Five British airmen,, starting from
Dunkirk, took part in the raid on the
submarine yards, but only two of them
reached the mark. Two were obliged
to turn back owing to the thick
weather, and a third was compelled to
land in Holland because of engine trou
ble and was Interned.
According to a report issued by the
British Admiralty, two of the five sub
marines which were observed on the
slips were damaged and the works set
afire. Prior to the war this plant was
known as the Cockerill works and be
longed to a British company. When the
Germans took the plant over a high
fence was erected around It and no
Belgian was allowed to enter. Work
men were brought from Germany to
build the submarines. It is pointed out
that these had to violate the neutrality
of Holland to pass down the Scheldt to
the sea, but this was easy of accom
plishment, as they could pass the
Dutch forts submerged.
Dispatches from the Dutch frontier
say that seven German airmen attacked
the British raiders, but were outflown.
In the same region it is reported that
the Germans are preparing for another
supreme effort in Flanders. Already
thre has been considerable fighting
along the Yser, the Germans having
bombarded Nieuport and Dlxmude,
while the Belgians have made progress
along both banks of the river.
The big battle ot the moment, how
ever, is in progress between Dukla Pass
and Uzsok Pass in the Carpathians,
where, in their official communication,
the Russians say they have captured
a large number of Austrians and have
made a general advance. Austrian cor
respondents declare that this battle Is
likely to continue for some time. It is
possible that the Runsians will use part
of the troops released by the fall of
Przemysl in n endeavor to bring the
battle to an end.
The Austrians have developed a fresh
offensive in Bukowlna, to which terri
tory they some days ago sent rein
forcements and have, according to their
account, driven the Russians back to
ward the frontier and removed the im
mediate menace to Czernowitz.
On the other extreme wing of the
eastern front, the Germans reoccupied
Memel with the assistance of their war
ships, which have since bombarded the
roads by which the Russians were tall,
ing back. The Germans also appar
ently have checked the Russian advance
Unfavorable weather is still inter
fering with the operations of the allied
fleet in the Dardanelles.
ITALY "FREE TO CHOOSE"
Government Declared Empowered to
HOME, via Paris, March 24. Com
menting favorably on the adjournment
of the Chamber of Deputies, the
Giornale d'ltalia says every Deputy now
is convinced of the necessity for Italy
to act energetically, "facing any sacri
fices, even a supreme struggle, to
realize Italian aspirations." The paper
"With the full liberty ot action
granted by Parliament, the government
now is free to choose the way.
means and the hour of , using the
weapons at its disposal with the firm
ness and prudence necessary to insure
success; while the country, calm and
disciplined, is ready for anything.
"BREAD OR PEACE" ASKED
Posters Appear In Towns in North
ern Germany, Say Danes.
LONDON'. March 24. A dispatch
from Copenhagen to Reutcr's Tele
gram Company says:
"Red posters inscribed 'Bread or
Peace' are continually appearing in
towns In the province of facnieswig
Holstein and Hamburg and Luebeck,
according to a telegram from Woycns,
on tha German frontier, published In
the newspapers of the Danish capital.
'The police remove the placards, but
they have not succeeded In arresting
any of the persons responsible for
GREECE AWAITS BULGARIA
l nion With Allies Not to Be Made by
One Nation Alone, Says Writer.
LONDON, March 24. According to
the newspapers of Athens, Greece will
not range herself on the side of the
triplo entente powers by herself, the
correspondent of the Exchange Tele
graph Company says in a dispatch
from the Grecian capital. She will take
an active part In the war only con
jointly with Bulgaria.
Isolated intervention on the part of
cither Greece or Bulgaria, tne cor
respondent continues, would be regard
ed in Athens as Ineffective.
ARROWS HURLED AT SHIP
German Airman Keeps Ip Attack on
Briton for '30 Minutes.
LONDON, March 24. For half an
hour yesterday. according to the
master of the British cargo steamer
Teal, which arrived in the Thames
today, his craft was the target of a
German aeroplane, while off the coast
f The Netherlands.
The air craft not only dropped
onibs and steel arrows, but opened
ire' with a small machine gun. With
he exception of a hole in her deck
made by an arrow, the Teal suffered
CHA1ER GAINS 791
TOTAL NOW IS 2438
Nation-Wide Record Is
GREAT ENTHUSIASM SHOWN
Honors for Day Go to Commit
tee Which Brings 120.
5000 MARK IS EXPECTED
High Scores Made by Many Work
er and Prediction Voiced That
Today's Figures Will Exceed
Great Showing Already Made.
The new Portland Chamber of Com
merce, In the second day of Its mem
bership campaign, yesterday main
tained IU position as a record-breaker
and jumped the total to 243S. with an
addition of 7l names to the 147 pro
cured the opening day.
The campaign Is halt over and ap
proximately half of the 5000 member
ships, set as the objective point. hao
been procured. The official report
turned in at the luncheon st 12 o'clock
left the list only 63 short ot half tl'e
number sought, and more than these
were pledged later in ,the day. One
committee worked among the physi
cians of the city all afternoon and its
report will be filed today.
Record Pace Maintained.
Not only did Portland beat the rec
ords of New York and St. Louis in its
first day's campaign, but It also beat
them In the second day. New York
gained in the second day of its cam
paign about 400. or only a little more
than half what Portland has achieved;
St. Louis with only S00, added less than
half of Portland's record on the second
day of her campaign. Spokane's total
for its second day was 703.
The Portland Chamber of Commerce
in the first two days has rained a
greater membership than the St. Louis
Chamber of Commerce was able to
muster in a campaign of five days" du
ration. The total for the second day in Port
land is within 132 of the total mem
berships listed in New York's Cham
ber, after a campaign of six days.
Boston World Leader.
"The largest Chamber of Commerce
In the world." said H. V. Chase, of
the Town Development League, who Is
conducting tho work In Portlaud, "is
the Boston Chamber, with a total mem
bership of 4100. This membership was
not gained through a campaign, out
represents the growth of years."
The Portland Chamber of Commerce,
therefore, lacks only 1663 memberships
of being the blgsost Chamber of Com
merce in the world, and her 79 commit
tees have still two days fn which to
Kntkaslaallc Service .Wr.
The committees went to work yester
day with a rush from the first moment.
Several were late at tho Commercial
Club for their assignments, which were
to be given out at :45. because they
were too anxious to begin work to
wait for assignments. One crowd came
in with a bunch of new memberships
and announced that it had been at work
since 8 o'clock, and "wanted Its as
signments cards quick, 'cause there's
no time to bo lost."
Committee No. 66. consisting of J. C,
Ainsworth, F. C Knapp, R. D. Carpen
ter, W. B. Mackay. 1. N. Flelschner
and Edgar B. Piper, turned In the high
score for the day. announcing a total
of 120. This was Just 10 times the
number the same committee turned In
the day before.
The record of this committee, made
yesterday, was due largely to the fart
that through Mr. Ainsworth It waa en
abled to obtain a generous membership
subscription from the Portland Hall
way, Light and Power Company.
Besides committee No. S. with Its
score of 120, the following are the
committees getting best results yester
day, with the names of the chairmen
and the number of memberships in for
J. Fred l-mison
C. c. Colt
O. M. riummer '..... 3'
C. D. Bruno -
Paul Wessinger -1
Frank K. Smith 1
W. J. Hermann
George Lawrence. Jr
Mr. C'ran ford's Comsslllee Leads.
Mr. Crawford's committee leads for
both days, with a total of 231.
J. Fred Larson's committee, which
was second yesterday, holds iU position
In the two days' totals with 114.
The other high committers for the
two days' totals, with their chairmen's
Edgar B. Piper ''
l t . Colt -
W. J. Hofmann - e-
C. 1. Bru'in '
A. II. Devers
O. M. Plummer
t'. II. Moore
C. K. Brg
Frank 15. bmlih
Ge-irge I.awrence, Jr. -i
Five of the committees reported a
number yesterday equal lo their re
turns out the first day and 13 commit
tees surpassed their first day's record.
C'oarioVvice In Result I-'.&prriisra'.
The reports at the lum heon yester
day indicalcd a conviction on the pert
(Concluded ou ls 11. j