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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 27, 1915)
VOT.. LT-XO. 16.954. " PORTLAND, OREGOy, SATURDAY, MARCH 371915. " 1'KICE FIVE CENTS.
Navy Officials Have Lit
tle Hope for Grew.
HOISTING CRANE AT WORK
Effort to Tow Submarine to
Shallow Water Abandoned
After Vain Attempt.
SEARCH IS INCESSANT.
Every Device Known to Mari
German Gives Aid.
HONOLULU, T. H., March 26.
United States submarine F-4 lay on
, the ocean floor disabled late tonight,
while 300 feet above her a score of
vessels combined in a strenuous ef
fort to bring her to the surface.
When the cables of the naval tug
Navajo first made fast to the heavy
mass which afterward proved to be
F-4 it was thought possible to tow
her to shoal water, where it would
be an easy matter, to raise her.
Towing Plan Abandoned.
Shortly before 5 P. M, however,
this plan was discarded, owing to the
slowness of towing operations. An
aerogram was sent to the naval
tender Alert, which is equipped with
heavy cranes and tackle adapted to
the work of rescue.
The Alert arrived at the scene of
operations before dark and then be
gan the final stage of the work
which officials declared would result
in the raising of the damaged sub
marine. Little Hope Felt for Men.
Whether life still remains in any
of the company of 21 men who have
been submerged since early yesterday,
will not be known until the vessel has
been brought to the surface, but the
authorities practically have given up
However, resuscitating apparatus
has been dispatched from Pearl Har
bor naval station to the scene and
every effort will be made to develop
any spark of life which may remain.
The general opinion is that the ves
sel's plates must have been sprung
through the immense pressure of the
water at a depth of 50 fathoms and
that the two officers and 19 enlisted
men aboard have perished.
Detached Flag Identifies Vessel.
It was first definitely established
that the heavy bulk encountered at
3 P. M. today by the grappling hooks
of the naval tug Navajo was the
missing submarine, when the de
tached flags of one of her marker
buoys was discovered 30 feet beneath
At once the vessels which had
been dragging other parts of the lo
cality with grappling x irons and
heavy chains assembled and assisted
in the towing, which proceeded until
5 o'clock, when it was deemed ad
visable to adopt the plan of raising
her by cranes.
Signals Bring No Answer.
Vessels in the vicinity which are
equipped with submarine signal ap
paratus still continue to send out sig
nals, but no answer has come.
Location of the F-4 was preceded
by a day of incessant searching.
When the grappling boats at first
failed to find her, all possible theories
were credited and acted on. At one
time a report reached navy officials
that the F-4 had been located 210 feet
below the surface at the entrance to
the harbor. New cable tenders were
dispatched to the spot and launches
circled the harbor continuously, drag
ging chains on cables. The crews
manning these launches excitedly re
ported "strikes' several times, but
each time it was found to be other
than the sought submarine.
Interned German Helps.
Throughout last night the sound-
tConcluded on raze 2.)
MATERIAL FOR WAR
KITCHENER'S WAKSTXG DISRE
GARDED BY WORKMEN.
Fears Expressed That Spread of
Disaffection May Compel Dras
'tic Counter Measures.
iivnos. March 26. respite Lord
irii.)l.irli vimlni: and the agree
ments between the government and the
trades union that strikes should cease.
.toDDin of work continues. Though
the number of men Involved thus far is
small, fears are expressed that tne
HoaffctloTt mav spread and the gov
ernment be driven to adopt drastic
measures to increase industrial produc
tion. At Rirkpnhfid the men loading three
steamers Quit work today, and said
they would not resume their labors un
til Monday. Their ground was that
they are not paid until the following
week for work done Friday and Sat
On the Liverpool side of the Mersey,
a large number of dockers are threaten
ing to strike for a similar reason and
to lay off for an entire week. At the
Dowlais, Wales, steel works, govern
ment orders for materials needed in
France and Belgium are being delayed
by a strike of a comparatively small
number of men, which has dislocated
work in the establishment.
The Clyde engineers are much dis
satisfied with the recent .government
arbitration award and Intend to ask for
a further Increase in pay.
BRITON GIVES PEACE HINT
Economist Says There Is Duty to
Cease as Well as to Make War.
LONDON. March 26. The Economist,
in a leading editorial today on the re
cent speech of Sir Edward Grey, British
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs,
in which the ' Foreign Minister dis
cussed the issue for which the allies of
the triple entente are fighting, says:
"As soon as the main issues for which
we are fighting can be achieved it is
Just as much the duty of our states
men to make peace as it was in the
view of Sir Edward Grey to make war
at the end of July last.
"The time may come before long
when it will be possible to consult the
dictates of humanity and at the same
time secure the objects Indicated by
Sir Edward Grey. If such an Opportu
nity la lnat tliA war will not KO OU for-
it will md in revolutionary
chaos, beginning no one can say where,
and ending in no one can say what.".
EASTER CAKES FORBIDDEN
Berlin Puts Additional Restrictions
on Tse of Flour.
TtPiTtT.IN. via London. March 26. Ad
ditional restrictions have been placed
h authorities upon bakers and
housewives in Berlin, who now have
been forbidden to bake cakes wmcn
require the use of yeast or similar
m-ncj rations. The baking in homes of
any cakes whatever between March 2!
and April 12 also has been forbidden.
The latter order is designed to check
the consumption of flour for Easter
The former regulation limiting to 10
per cent of the total weight the amount
flour which mav be used in cakes
not under the official ban remains in
force. The baking of cakes also has
been forbidden in private households in
the Duchy of Anpalt.
MILITIA DRILISITE CHOSEN
Artillery of Three States to Be Or
dered to Klamath
KLAMATH FALLS. Or., March 26.
(Knec-lal.) Announcement has been
made here that the Klamath Indian
Reservation has been chosen as the site
for the maneuvers of the artillery of
the organized militia of Oregon, Wash
ington and Idaho next Summer.
The, six-mile artillery range will be
near Fort Klamath, where a mountain
will be the backstop.
This year's practice is thought to be
a test to ascertain the desirability of
the reservation as a permanent ma
neuver ground for the entire United
REBELS BOMBARD DURAZZ0
Albanian Port May Be Destroyed
Vnless President leaves.
ROME, via Paris, March 26. The sit
uation at Durazzo in Albania again
appears to be serious, according to
dispatches coming to Rome. The ln
surgents are bombarding the port and
threatening to destroy it if the Con
sular representatives are not success
ful in persuading Essad Pasha, . the
Turkish Provisional President, to leave
Several cannon shots during the bom
bardment struck the residence of Essad
Pasha. Docks and public buildings also
WOMAN BUS DRIVER FINED
To Drive Jitney Between Car and
Curb Costs 32.
The first woman Jitney driver to be
fined for a traffic violation in Portland
is Mrs. Alvina Pearson, who paid $3
In Municipal Court yesterday for pass
ing between a streetcar and the curb
at Twenty-third and Gllsan streets
Thursday. An elderly woman alight
ing from the car was almost run down.
said H. P. Coffin, chairman of the Pub
lic Safety Commission.
James Zervls, who only recently com
pleted a sentence of five days for reck
less driving, was fined 115 on the same
Reports of Atrocities by
65 CHRISTIANS ARE HANGED
American and French Missions
Entered; Refugees Killed.
TURKEY PROMISES TO AID
Requests of Consuls in Persia for
Russian Soldiery Has Compli
cating Possibilities in View of
Hostilities With Snltan.
WASHINGTON". March 26. Alarming
reports of atrocities, including the
hanging of 60 men taken from the
French irflssion and five from the
American mission compound at Gul
pashan, Persia, stirred the State De
partment today to further efforts to
obtain protection for- American mis
sionaries and refugees in the vicinity
of TJrumlah, Persia, where an uprising
of Kurds threatens a general Christian
Ambassador Morgenthau at Constan
tinople has been twice appealed to by
Secretary Bryan in the last few days
to urge the Turkish government to
send protection to the imperiled sec
tion and it -was learned tonight that
the State Department had received
definite assurances from the Turkish
government that protection would be
rushed to the scene.
Russian Aid Also Asked.
It was learned through the British
embassy that the British Consul to
Tabriz, Persia, not far distant from
the Urumiah district, acting In con-
Junction with the American Consul,
Gordon Paddock, had appealed to Rus
sian commanders in the region near
Tiflis to send Soldiers to the rescue of
the helpless Christian populace. The
Russian ger.erals. .it was said, had de
layed action awaiting orders from Pet
rograd. In view of present efforts of the
American government to have Turkish
troops sent to the region it was re
garded as probable here that no fur
ther effort would be made to get aid
from the Russian soldiery.
In view of hostilities between Russia
and Turkey, aid from both sides would
be impossible. '
Presbyterians Be Action.
It was suggested also that the Con
suls at Tabriz were moved to be cau
tious in getting troops into the district,
for fear that their arrival might pre
cipitate a massacre.
The State Department tonight had
received no official notice of the de
struction and outrages at Gulpashan, a
few miles from Urumiah. as reported
to the Presbyterian board of foreign
missions at New York from native
(Concluded on Page 3.)
INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
57.4 degrees; minimum, 7.6 degrees.
TODAY'S Showers; southeasterly winds.
Pear of areneral massacre of Christians In
Persia, arouies United .States. Page 1.
Sinking of Dutch ship by Germans arouses
Holland press. Pace 3
Germany renews effort to pacify Italy.
Arrival of Austrian reinforcements in Car
pathians interest war observers. Page 3.
Correspondent describes wild- ride to front
in France. Pag 7.
Strikes In Britain delay dispatch of war
material. Page 1.
Question n'h-sther steamship Great Northern
violated r.anal law is raised by Colonel
Goetbals. " page 5.
. . r - , i .4.1... TrA.irim he can
contract for purchase of railroad in
AlasKa. rage o.
Christian F. Eaxmyer, of Portland, mur
. vi Illinois coroner's Jury. Page 5.
American submarine F-4 located in 300 feet
or water; iliue nope ot mcii oiiww"
Railroads must produce ' letters exchanged
by officials concerning rate increases.
Indiana Governor testifies in Terre Haute
election case. Page 7. - "
Venice Tigers' 1914 loss placed at S28.S62 In
- - - . i - - ...
Bftoni smicuieub. i . ij
City Leaguers all ready for their parade
tonight. Page 12.
Near fight Is feature of Beavers' victory
over American Giants. Page 12.
County Courts denied authority over tax
..it. ca, rnmrnifulnn ruHnS. Page i.
Lake dam breaks and property along Yakima
tuver is in u"sci. xa&? .....
Grants Pass man, lost 11 days in mountains,
lives on one biscuit. Page 13.
Commercial and Marine.
Australian buyers bidding for North Pacific
wheat.' Page 17.
Chicago wheat market ' lower on reports
from Eastern Europe. Page 17.
Stock market but little affected by foreign
selling. Page 17.
Katansa still hold in harbor, release by
German firm expected. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Plans for reconstruction of great commer
cial body under way. Pace 1.
Portland's chamber of Commerce'is largest
in world. Page 8.
T. R. Sheridan. ex-Roseburg banker, on
stand in own behalf. . Page Is.
Numerous mishaps to lost submarine F-4
described by Portland man lu crew.
RRIT1SH NEED MUNITIONS
Sir John French Dwells Emphati
cally on Necessity for Supply.
IilKDON. March 27. In a statement
to the London Times, replying to a
reauest for an interpretation of the
nhrnse "a protracted war." which he
used in a recent Interview, Field
Marshal Sir John French, commander-
in-chief of the British forces in tne
The protraction of the war depends
entirely up'on the supplj" of men, and
munitions. Should these be unsatis
f..tnrr thf war will be accordingly
prolonged. I dwell emphatically on
the need for munitions."
ITALY EXTENDS EMBARGO
All Metals, OH Products and Tan
ning; Material Xow Included.
ROME, March 25. via Paris, March
26. A royal decree has been promul
gated extending the prohibition of ex
ports to include all metals, sulphate
of aluminum, cement, stearin, paraf
fine, ceresin and all materials for tanning-.
The Italian government on February
g prohibited the exportation of all
foodstuffs except fruit, vegetables,
milk and butter. The order included
everything which might be used to feed
cattle and other animals or poultry.
A WHALE OF A RECORD.
EFFORTS IN ITALY
ROME WARNED AGAINST ALLIES
Britain and France Will Prey on
Nation, Says Von Buelow.
BERLIN OFFERS INFLUENCE
End of Menace to Triple Alliance
' Through Differences Between
Dual' Monarchy and Her Latin
Xeighbor Again Pleaded.
ROME. March 26, via ' Chiasso,
Switzerland and Paris. Efforts to effect
an adjustment of the differences be
tween Italy and Austria are being con
tinued pertinaciously by Prince von
Buelow, the German Ambassador, not
withstanding the almost insurmount
able obstacles he has encountered.
Authoritative Information was ob
tained today that the Prince Is now en
deavoring to present the matter in a
somewhat different and more compre
hensive way. He seeks to convince
u.w Aimtria that thevshould not
disregard the broader questions of pol
icy and mutual self-interest on account
of possible misunderstandings of the
View to Future la Urged.
Prince von Buelow has expressed
the opinion that the matters now under
discussion, cannot be limited In their
application to the present, but will
i, t,v n -far-reaching effect on the
future of both nations. He is under
stood to have had recourse to the argu
ments set forth by him zu years ago
during his former service as Am
her and later when he was
Imperial German Chancellor. He then
pointed out that the strength of the
triple alliance was impaired by an
tagonism between Austria and Italy;
an opinion which has been confirmed
by recent events.
He now maintains that once tnese
notinna rtTAKomfl the friction oc
casioned hv Austria's retention of Trent
and Trieste, they will be? able to co
operate to great mutual advantage, i
asmuch as they have important com
mon interest in the Adriatic ana meoi-
Italy Warned Against Allies.
Anrin bv a united policy in re
spect of these questions, the Prince
points out, Austria and Italy would De
rnrtirieri in their Dositlon by having be
hind them Germany's Influence and sup
The Ambassador is represented also
as picturing dire consequences for Italy
if any other policy be adopted. His
view is that if the triple alliance should
be dissolved Italy would be at the
mercy of France and England or mlgnt
(Concluded on Page 3.)
Friday's War Moves
THF. comparative inactivity along the
whole of the western front leads to
the belief in military circles in London
that both armies are awaiting the tuin
, veillS ill LUC l-aiJKlHiau.
--oV vting to strlek a hard blow.
-O .. , . . . . i h1r
i ne xtriiie-n are iiiu rvniis
victory at Neuve Chapelle a victory
which cost them almost as dearly in
men as it did the Germans; and the
Germans, although they are reported to
be massing troops for a French offen
sive, have undertaken nothing in the
west comparable with their rush of last
Incredulity is expressed by some of
the military observers that the fall of
Praemysl will exert an immediate, in
fluence on the warfare in the Car
pathians.' but the optlmlBtlc British
press, using the meager dispatches rela
tive to a Russian victory in the Uzsok
pass as a basis, says the Austrian right
has been turned and that the evacua
tion of Cr.ernowltz Is imminent.
Germany is declared to be sending
vast reinforcements Into the Carpa
thians, and the newspapers deem it not
illogical to conclude that this fighting
at the gateway of Hungary is having
and will continue to have a marked in
fluence on the German campaign In the
east and the west.
Rumors of the approaching interven
tion of Italy, coupled with assertions
that Austro-German troops are massing
along the Italian frontier, continue to
be printed prominently, but foundation
in fact for them is difficult to find.
The situation in the Dardanelles, so
far as is known, remains unchanged.
The Admiralty has vouchsafed no con
firmation of a report that the super
dreadnought Queen Elizabeth and other
ships, ahong them the battleship
Triumph, which recentlly bombarded
Smyrna, have entered the straits.
Reports from allied sources are to the
effect that German officers are leaving
Constantinople, and that the situation
in the Ottoman capital Is gloomy, but
there Is nothing official to show that the
Turks are at all discouraged over the
The editorials in the Dutch news
papers are more positive than usual in
their protests against the sinking of
the Dutch steamer Medea off Beachey
Head by a German submarine. A dis
patch from The Hague says a Cabinet
council yesterday considered the ques
tion of the damage being done to Dutch
shipping, and that there also were otrer
conferences among government officials.
The Dutch government already has
sent to Berlin a protest against the al
leged attack by a German aeroplane on
the Dutch steamer Zevenbergcn.
ARMY WORM PEST IS OVER
Corvallls Professor Declares Wheat
Invasion at Pendleton Checked.
PENDLETON, Or, March 2 (Spe
cial.) The army worm Invasion of the
wheat fields in the Combs Canyon dls
trict of Umatilla County was tonight
declared temporarily checked by Pro
feasor A. L. Lovett. of Oregon Agricul
tural College, who spent the day com
batting the pest. He fears another gen
eratlon will appear early In June from
eggs laid this month, but will take
large number of specimens to Corvallls
and speed their hatching in the col
lege laboratory so as to be able to
warn the farmers If another invasion Is
to be expected.
Reports that the worm has been seen
In Holdman and other sections will be
MARSHALL REFUSES WINE
Vice-President Untemptcd by Cham
pagne at Exposition.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 26. (Spe
cial.) Vice-President Marshall today
declined to drink champagne when he
was making an official tour of the
foreign buildings at the exposition. In
thus following the example set by oth
er distinguished office-holders at
xPahiT,irtnn. the Vice-President did not
give the impression that he always
found It necessary to De so aueienuou.
"T am inrrv. T WOUld like tO. but I
do not feel that I should," he said, in
refusing a sparkling glass ai tne uau
temala building, and he repeated the
few mtrtiif fw later when he
-visited the Honduras building and
wine was again offered him.
PERIL SEEN IN AUSTRIA
Vienna Editor Says Only Grave Sac
rifices Can Save Nation.
ROME, via Paris, March IS. The
Giornale d'ltalla reproduces an article
from the Vienna Fremdenblatt which
"The Austrian people know now
that the existence of the AuBtro-Hun-garian
nation Is imperiled and victory
will be posslbl only through grave
r'The dispatch adds that "the Austrian
Press trusts that the Austro-Hungarlan
forces will have their revenge for the
fall of Przemysl in the battle of the
NEW BUTTER RECORD MADE
Cow Gives 24,612 Pounds of Milk
in Year; 1111 Pounds Butter Fat.
DELAVAK, Wis.. March 26. A new
r.rnrd for butterfat production
i maA TTinirnA Hollinaen
Fayne. a Holsteln' cow, which in one year
gave 24.812. pounds of milk, coniam-
1 116.05 Dounds of butterfat. ac
cording to an announcement made here
today by the Holstein-Frieslan ad
vanced registry office.
Th, animal 1h owned in Somerset.
X. J. The test was' under the super
vision of the ?.ew jersey state Agri
4207 Membership Ob
tained in Four Days.
MANY PROSPECTS STILL OPEN
Final Roundup Scheduled for
5000 MARK FELT ASSURED
Co-operation of Labor Inioni Cre
ates Enthusiasm Streetcar Con
ductor Tender Signature.
All Records Smashed.
Th Portland Chamber of Commerce
completed Its four days' campaign yes.
terday with a membership of 4 207
tha largest Chamber of Commerce in
The campaign was superlative In
every detail, as well as In results.
"The returns of the first day were
the greatest ever recorded In a earr
palgn of this nature; the committee tt
work was the largest that had been
organized; the number of committee
members working throughout the entire
four days was the greatest, and every,
thing else about the campaign was on
the most elaborate scale ever featured
In a similar movement In this country."
declared H. V. Chase, of the Town
Development League, of New York, who
managed this as well as numerous
similar movements elsewhere.
. And "the end is not yet."
Farther Mark Premised.
Several special committees will work
Monday on membership prospects that
were not easily available under the
method of conducting the four days'
campaign Just closed, and on Tuesday
the entire committee on membership
will assemble its 3l0 or 400 men at
In tha morning to make a whirlwind
clean-up of the remaining prospects.
Mr. Chase estimates that between
4500 and 60(10 memberships will be re
corded after the final effort, and that
within the reconstruction period of the
next 30 days enough will com In
without solicitation to complete tha roll
of 6000 desired.
Members of the committee are even
more sanguine than Mr. Chase.
"We'll have 5000 easily by the end of
the cleanup." is the general verdict of
the men who have been most active in
U. M. Clark Optimistic.
"I think that the final total after
the reorganization has been effected
will be nearer 6000 than 60,10," asserted
O. M. Clark, president of the old Cham
ber, at the luncheon at the Commercial
Club yesterday, which marked the close
of the campaign.
There was no abatement apparent in
the enthu&laam of the workers at the
luncheon and if they had been ordered
to carry the campaign on today and to.
morrow without stopping. It is prob
able that the response to the summons
would have been practically unanimous.
Indeed the general expression seemed
to be one of regret that tha "polls
were closed" before they had a chance
to clean up all the prospects on whom
they had been working.
All Willing Keep al -Work.
When the motion was put for the
reassembly of tho committee next Tues
day morning for a three hours' finish
ing campaign and a call for those who
would be on hand for th work was
made, the response was unanimous.
Special committee number 6f ap
pointed to work among th transporta
tion companies yesterday reported 4t
memberships signed as a result of its
work and 100 mora guaranteed by the
end of th week. This report snd tha
report of J. Fred Larson's committee.
consisting of W. F. Woodward. P. II.
Dater, Guy W. Talbot and himself, were
th record reports for th day. Mr.
Larson's committee announced ! first.
amending it to 'J a moment later and
turning in seven more after th "polls
Cemmltea Is Decorated.
The grand total of this committee for
the four days was 2(4, th greatest
number obtained by any on committee.
E. L. Thcmpson called the members of
the committee forward at the clos rf
the meeting and decorated them with
blue ribbons In honor of their success.
The next highest commute was that
beaded by E. G. Crawford, which began
on Tuesday with 220 memberships
signed, and In four days brought this
up to 2D3. Edgar 13. Piper's committee
was third with 202.
Other high committees, with names
f chairmen and results, war:
W. J. Hoftnann MS
Paul Wesstnfer !
G. c. Coit
C. l. Bruun
A. II Devers
O. M. Plummer
l'. It. Moore
ir. W. Mtsr
i B. Woedrutf
V. E. Smith
. . M
I.abr UBleaa rl-s;e Membership.
The report which evoked probably the
greatest enthusiasm of th meeting
came from th committee of W. V.
'It has been said by some that I hi
labor organizations have not bean In
clined to Join the Chamber of Com
merce." said Mr. Whitcomb. "but 1 hav
the pleasure of announcing at this time
that our committee this morning re
ceived pledi.es of membership from the
iCouvivaetl l- Si