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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1914)
TnE MORNIXG OEEGOXIAN, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 31, ,1914.
BUT HAVE DOUBTS
Amsterdam Newspaper Thinks
Britain Will "Shelve"-Protest
OTHER NATIONS IGNORED
England Considers Only Oivn Inter
ests, Says Handelsblad and Tijd
y Says Note Has Dropped "Like
Bomb From Sky."
THE HAGUE, via London, Dec tl.
The Dutch papers, while generally
commenting on the American note, vir
tually agree as to the main points
brought ou: in the following editorial
expressions in the Amsterdam Alge
'The note sent to England, but in
tended for the powers of the triple
entente, is a remarkable symptom. In
America, as well as in other neutral
countries. the illegal measures taken
egainst American commerce has made
"The note is not intended as a hos
tile act, but is warning and request,
with a detailed resume of the com
plaints of American shippers. The in
tentions of the note are good.
Efficacr Is Doubted.
"It is well that Washington drew
the attention of the British govern
ment to the difficult position of the
neutral shippers. But will the pro
test help? We believe we are justified
In doubting this. As in the case of the
protests of The Netherlands, Sweden,
Denmark and Norway, so this one will
be shelved because England will con
sider above all and above the rights
of neutrals her own interests, which
are that nothing which the Germans
need must be permitted in the way of
traffic. For this the neutral states are
The Amsterdam Tijd says: "It is
Bhown that when its Interests demand
euch a course, Washington acts reso
lutely, regardless of distinction of per
sons. The protest of the note against
the manner in which England wished
to control the seas is proof of this.
Note Like llomb From Sky
"The exchange of memoranda be
tween America and England concern
ing the Ghent centenary is hardly over
when this protest note dropped like a
bomb from the sky. It is superfluous
to point out the great importance of
this step on the part of America in
behalf of neutral trade. With antici
pation we await John Bull's reply.
"Will Washington be satisfied . with
the morsel which Mr. Asquith and Sir
Edward Grey hitherto have placated
email neutral countries when they
voiced timely and humble complaints?"
WARXIXG TAKES SERIOUSLY
British Paper Says American Senti
ment Is Turning From Allies.
LONDON, Dec. 31. The American
note to Great Britain concerning the
" search of American vessels by British
warships is further discussed by the
London morning newspapers today.
The Standard in an editorial warns
the country that the American protest
Is a serious one, and should not be
treated iightheartedly; that the senti
ment in the United States in favor of
the allies is less pronounced than it
was three months ago, and that it is
yielding to a feeling in favor of Ger
many as the under-doij in a fight
against great odds. Therefore, the
newspaper says, if any solution is pos
sible the United States should be met
A suggestion appears in the Morning
Post that a remedy for the grievance of
undue delay in searching vessels would
' be to pass a short act in Parliament
giving the neutral trader the right to
come to a British court p Justice and
toy a process involving a minimum of
delay to claim damages arising from
the detention of his vessel or cargo.
The Morning Post contends editorial
ly that American, copper exporters by
no means have been ruined, declaring
that in September and October, 191S,
they sold 10,000,000 pounds of copper
to Italy, Holland, Norway and Sweden,
end that in the same months in 1914
they sold to the same customers 60,
"We trust," the editorial continues,
"that the British Government will ful
fill the whole letter of the law and give
to President Wilson his full pound of
flesh, but we hope there is enough of
human nature in the Admiralty and the
navy to arrange that all copper im
ports of neutrals and all their Imports,
analagous to that of copper, shall sink
to, and remain at, the normal peace
The Dally Mall says it considers the
question at issue as much one of pro
cedure as of principle. It protests
against getting needlessly excited about
the note and informs Americans that
even from the standpoint of their own
Interests it is relatively not a vital
matter, since far greater questions are
on the anvil. It contends that in the
victory of the allies lies the security
and well being of the United States and
the triumphs of American conceptions
of society and government. The edi
torial concludes with the statement that
the allies are fighting America's battles
as well as their own, "but nevertheless
It will be a good thing to get the awk
ward problem of contraband satisfac
The Times says that within the last
few days London underwriters who are
in close touch with American commerce
have been conferring in an endeavor to
find a modus Vivendi under which the
objects both Great Britain and . the
United States have at heart with regard
to the questions raised in the Ameri
can note could be secured.
Louis Einstein, of New York, who has
held various diplomatic posts under the
United States Government, writes to
the Times suggesting as a solution of
the difficulty that Great Britain should
create a court of claims, where neu
trals could seek redress for injury re
sulting from blockades. He further
proposes that an American lawyer of
recognized standing be appointed by the
British Government as Judge of such
court with a legal adviser to inform
the foreign office of the American
point of view. Mr. Einstein suggests
that men of the type of Joseph H.
Choate and John Bassett Moore, for
mer counselor of the State Department
at Washington, would be suitable.
TARIFF REPORT DEMANDED
Mann Says Protection Is Sore to
Follow Next Election.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. Republican
Leader Mann today introduced a reso
lution calling on the House ways and
means committee for a speedy report
on a bill to create a tanrr board.
"A revision of the tariff to be made
along protective lines is sure to be had
following the next election," Mr. Mann
declared, "and information for such re
vision ought properly to be obtained In
PHOTOGRAPHS ILLUSTRATE PHASES OF CONTRABAND QUESTION,
STATES AND GSEAT BRITAIN. .
1 ; y ' - M ' ' x-3t k " " t
- -. .-, 3; rv v s-, - - I - i
v t r ' ---'1 1 91 1 f i s - 7Cifx K - L j
l ' S - ' I I H M - I - '-tip r '4 Lu - " 1
" mi I
-J , I:iJ
KffllljjiiBi null i"mM''"'.m imm . ; ' r
Top Examining Cotton Bales with
insert Blr liflitard t.rey, British Foreign Secretary, Who Is ISow Considering American Protest. Below In
fernal Machine Which Was Cleverly Timed to Explode Outside Harbor of ew Orleans on Board British Mole
Transport En Route to France. Young German Was Arrested for Preparing It and Confessed.
PROTEST IS VOICED
Policy of Requisitioning Non-
Army Goods Ruinous.
PRIVATE PROPERTY TAKEN
Violation of Article of The Hague
Convention Charged Washing,
ton Told Laborers Cannot
Work When Means Gone.
WASHINGTON, bee. 30. The Bel
gian Minister today filed with th
State Department a protest against the
requisitioning by German military au
thorities in Belgium of merchandise
worth 57,000,000 franca. He asserted
that the policy of the Germans meant
"the ruin of industry in Belgium."
me protest set forth that the goods
were not taken for the use of the
German army and that consequently
the seizure was In violation of the
fourth Hague convention. The mer
chandise included Cotton, rubber, tool
machines, canned goods and metal.
The Belgian legation Issued the fol
lowing statement in connection with
"According to the Instructions of his
government, the Belgian Minister went
today to the State Department and
filed a protest against the following
acts committed by the German au
thorities in Belgium:
" "The German authorities have
requisitioned the following merchan
dise to be forwarded to Germany and
which belonged to private parties:
"In Antwerp Cotton, for the value
of IS, 000,000 francs: rubber, .500,000;
woolens. 6,000,000; - leather, 10,000,000.
" ln Ghent Cotfn nets, flax and
other raw material, 8,500,000.
" "Chafcleroi Copper, 1,600,000; tool
" In Duffel Nickel. 1,000,000.
"'In Malines Canned goods. 2,500,000.
' These measuros are in opposition to
OUTLINE Of AMERICAN NOTE OF PROTEST AGAINST
BRITISH ACTION IN DETAINING NON-CONTRABAND
The general points on which the note of the United-States to Great
Britain, protesting against detention of ships with non-contraband
cargoes, bases its complaint are:
First American cargoes have been searched on the high seas a
belligerent right that is not denied but the ships also have been di-
verted to ports for further examination, a circumstance held not Jus
tified under international law, unless full proof1 of hostile destination
is presented at the time. Serious loss, especially to perishable goods,
has resulted from such delays in a ship's voyage.
Second Great Britain has regarded absolute and conditional contra
band as in the same class. The general understanding in internation
al law has been that absolute contraband includes those articles
which are intended for use by a belligerent force and directly des
tined to it. Conditional contraband, including foodstuffs, comprises
the articles which are susceptible of use by an army or navy, but it
must be proved that instead of being intended for the civil popula
tion of a country these products are destined for use by Its army and
Third Irrespective of the controversy over what constitutes abso
lute or conditional contraband In the commerce between a neutral and
a belligerent country, the note sets forth that In respect fo commerce
between two neutral countries there ought be no question of contra
band at all, for the relations are those of peace and not of war. Since
the Civil War the United States has upheld the doctrine of "continu
ous voyage," which permitted seizure of a cargo even In Its journey
between neutral ports provided eventually it was destined for a bel
ligerent. The American note, however, takes the position that proof
of such hostile destination must be shown at the time of seizure.
Fourth The American Government contends that a consignment
sent to no specific consignee, known as a "to order" shipment, is not
of itself suspicious. It asserts that this may be an important cir
cumstance in proving a case, but is of no Inherent value unless other
facts are adduced, also at the time
' Photo Copyright by Underwood & Underwood.
X-Rayl at Sew Orleans to Detect Possible'
the articles 46 and 52 of the fourth
convention of The Hague, In accord
ance with which private property must
be respected and requisition -cannot be
claimed otherwise than for the needs of
the army of occupation. These meas
ures Involve the ruin of the Industry In
"The Belgian Minister wishes to re
call the attention to the fact that It
has been said that the Belgian labor
ing people had refused to go back to
work. One can easily notice the value
of such an act of accusation. How
could the laboring class work If all
possibilities are taken away from
them? No excuse can be given for this
spoliation of private property, which
is expressly forbidden in the above
mentioned articles of the fourth con
vention of The Hague."
FRANCE TO SEJfD HUNDREDS INTO
GERMANY IN SPRING. "
Planea Carrying Cannon, Bomba and
Dnrts Are to Be Sent In Two
Squadrons, Says Aviator.
NEW YORK, Dec. 80. France is
building two great fleets of aircraft,
armed with cannon, darts and bombs,
with which to invade Germany in the
Spring, according to Pedro tChapa, a
Mexican aviator, who has been in
Europe for the last four years and who
arrived here tonight on the Cunard
Hundreds of armored biplanes, each
carrying a small cannon and bombs,
and numerous monoplanes equipped
with bombs and steel darts, will be
ready to sweep across the German
frontier when Winter is past, he said.
The monoplanes are Intended mainly
for scout work and will make a speed
of 120 miles an hour.
All the aeroplanes will have a cruis
ing radius of 130 miles from the
frontiers, said Chapa, and their at
tack will not be in the form of raids
by a few machines, as hitherto, but by
large divisions. The aviators to man
these machines are now being trained
in several large schools established for
the purpose, he said.
of detention or seizure.
NOW ACUTE BETWEEN UNITED
Contraband or Infernal Machines.
TONE IS CONFIDENT
Washington Expects Britain
Will Make Concessions.
NO IRRITATION IS SHOWN
Officials Surprised That Note Has
and Insist Only Matter-of-Fact
Statement Is Made.
Continued From Firt Page.)
upon for diplomatic and legal opinions
on the case submitted by President
When this procedure is adopted
Walter Hlnes Page, the American Am
bassador, will be asked to confer with
Sir Edward Grey and discuss the whole
question and probably Sir Cecil Spring-
nice, the British Ambassador at Wash
ington, will be Instructed to take up
the question with the State Depart
ment in the-American capital.-
While It has come as somewhat of a
shock to the public that differences
have arisen between the two govern
ments on a subject that admittedly is a
difficult one, the note generally is
calmly discussed, except by those who
declare that Great Britain should dis
regard American wishes and open and
follow entirely a policy which would
be best calculated to assist the allies
in their war on Germany and Austria.
British ship owners, who are almost
as greatly concerned over the situation
as the American shippers, expressed the
opinion today that the question would
be amicably settled.
TRAIN LOOT IS $10,000
ROBBERS GET 97840 IX CASH PROM
PUUHAK IN TEXAS.
Mexican With More Than 914,000 In
Money la Overlooked and Be
Shares With Those Who Lost.
SAN ANTONIO, "Tex., Dec. 30. The
passengers in the two rear sleepers of
the westbound express on the Galves
ton, Harrisburg & San Antonio Railway
were robbed of 1780 In cash, and jew
elry valued-at $3000 early today. The
robbers, who boarded the train at
Cline, escaped as the train neared Spof
ford. Jose Martinez, a wealthy Mexican
from Durango, who, with his wife and
daughter, occupied the drawing-room
in the San Antonio sleeper, was over
looked by the robbers, who missed be
tween $14,000 and (16,000 he carried
In money besides jewelry of great
value. So elated was Martinez when
he discovered he had escaped that he
distributed from $25 to $150 to each
of the victims who had lost their all.
Three men were engaged in the hold
up, one remaining on the rear platform
while the other two went through the
One woman, whose name was not
learned, was struck with a revolver,
which inflicted a severe wound. Mrs.
J. Carson, of Houston, who, with her
4-months old baby, occupied a lower
berth, became hysterical when the rob
bers demanded her valuables and the
leader called outr "Let her go, she's
only a baby." Under her pillow he
ALLIES ADVANCE 6
Battle Includes Artillery En
gagements and Even Fist
Fights in Trenches.
GERMANS LOSE HEAVILY
Big Guns Are Outclassed by French,
Says Paris in Official Report,
Describing Daily Gains, Which
Are Furiously Contested.
PARIS, Dec 30. Recounting a gen
eral advance, step by step, on the
fronts south of Ypres, north of Tpres
and in the Nieiiport district, an offi
cial report by the French War Office
was issued today, covering the opera
tions from December 16 to 24.
Having reached the sea at Nieuport
December 15, the report says, dally
gains ranging from a few hundreds of
yards were made to St. Georges and
in the direction of Westende.
Saying all German counter attacks
were repulsed, the report adds:
"All the ground gained by us remains
in our possession. The German marines
and the Ger"n coast artillery have not
been successful in recapturing from us
the positions we have taken.
"December 20, to the north of Tpres,
the fighting concentrated near Steen
straete and near Btxschoote. December
17, we captured in one engagement sev
eral trenches, four machine guns and
made 150 prisoners and advanced 500
yards. During December 18, we took
one by one the houses close to our
War Material la Captured.
"The next day the Korteker Inn came
under our control. We swept up the
surrounding country and took posses
sion of a forest, certain houses and a
redoubt. On the 22d of December we
gained another 100 yards. The enemy
delivered counter attacks, but in vain.
The operations of December 17 and 18
represented together an advance of
more than 700 yards.
"Near Weldoeke and near Hwartelen
we gained on December 16 a total of
400 yards. December 17 and the days
following we continued our advance,
capturing two machine guns, certain
caissons and several groups of houses.
At this point the ground presented
great difficulties. It was necessary for
our men to fight in the water; neverthe
less our advances were continuous and-
never once did we falter."
In describing the hotly-contested
forward move to the north of Lena
and Arras, which resulted in the allies
holding advanced positions not far
from Notre Dame de Consolation and
later from Lovs to Rutoir and Ver
melles, the narrative says: "
There occurred several brilliant ac
tions, which, in their entirety, present
ed the same characteristics as those
which developed to the north of the
Men Fight With Fists.
"In this fighting our artillery was
strikingly successful. In spite of his
efforts at resistance, the enemy was
compelled to abandon his ground."
At Notre Dame de Lorrette, where
violent fighting occurred and German
trenches were captured, mud in the
trenches got in the rifle muzzles and
the men fought with the butts of their
guns and sometimes with their fists,
says the report.
"The Germans endeavored to debouch
from Carency. They were driven back
with heavy losses, but still they re
tained possession of Carency.
"In the approaches of Arras, at St
Laurent and at Blangy we delivered at
tacks and were successful in winning
"Our artillery never loses time or op
portunity when the weather is clear
enough to shoot. Our guns succeeded
in blowing up a depot of munitions at
Thelus, to th.e north of Arras, and sev
eral caissons at a point to the east of
"Between Arras and Noyon the most
important actions took place between
Albert and Combles; at La Boiselle, at
Mametz, at Carnoy and at Marlcourt to
the north of Roye.and at Lihons, De
cember 17, 18 and 19, we occupied the
cemetery of La Boiselle: at blockhouses
near Ouvillers, the first line trenches
of the enemy at Marlcourt, and we
reached the southern boundary line of
Mametz. December 2 2, at a point south
of La Boiselle, we pushed our trenches
forward 300 yards. December 24, we
were in possession of all the southern
part of La Bassee.
German Attack Furious.
"In the region of Lihons, we cap
tured December 17. trenches which si
were compelled to defend vigorously
December 18. 19. 20. Zl ana ssz. u ne
counter attacks delivered by the Ger
mans were furious. The engagement
of December 19 saw the Germans ad
vance In columns of four men abreast.
The enemy was cut down In this fight
ing by our artillery.
"Between the Oise and the Alsne our
artillery gained a measurable success.
"Our Infantry made some interesting
advances in the region of NampoeL On
the 21st of December these troops oc
cupied the first-line trenches of the
enemy along a front exceeding 500
yards, and they captured a machine
"December 22 we lost to the enemy,
and on the 23d we recaptured from
them a part of this original gain. On
the 23d all the counter attacks of the
enemy were brilliantly repulsed with
To tha south, of Laon and Craonne
and in the region of Rheims. the last
week was filled with artillery combats.
The enemy fired nearly twice as many
projectiles as in the ween preceaing,
but without succeeding In taking from
our heavy artillery the advantage it
well knew how to keep.
"Our infantry losses still diminish,
which is the best criterion of the re
sults obtained by our batteries.
Captured Points Are Held,
"Between Rheims and the Argonne
our attacks, delivered with continuity,
did not permit the enemy, In spite of
vigorous counter attacks, to recapture
the positions lost by him between the
15th and 24tb. These attacks devel
oped particularly between St. Hilalre
le Grand and Beausejour (to the east
of Ville-sur-Tourbe). We can sum up
by saying that all the points of sup
port which they proposed to seize are
today In our possession.
"In the environs of Perthes we
gained 200 meters on the 20th, also on
the 21st. and 800 meters on the 22d.
This gain extended our front a kilome
ter and a half, and represents the whole
line of the enemy's trenches upon this
"The checking of five counter at
tacks which they directed upon this
point has likewise affirmed our supe
riority. On the 24th. we chased the
Germans from some zig-zag trenches
which they still occupied and consoli
dated our positions upon all their first
"The operations around Perthes have
been supplemented by others still mote
400 meters at Mesnil-les-Hurlus on the
23d. and the possession of the hill of
Calvary near Beausejour on the 20th.
On the 24th we seized a wood to the
east of the trenches captured on the
23d, near MesniL
German Lone Heavy.
"The enemy suffered huge losses and
our soldiers are in high epirits.
. "From the Argonne to the Swiss fron
tier: In the woods of Argonne the
warfare is harder and more disagree
able, the difficulties of the wooded and
muddy terrain rendered more notable
our continued progress. In the woods
of Le. Grurle and of Bolante, the enemy
succeeded, on the 17th, In blowing up
one of our trenches. It has since been
recaptured . from the rear and on the
20th we constructed new trenches in
advance of the old ones.
"On four occasions we blew up some
German mines, demolished machine
guns, concealed shelters land captured
rifle ammunition and other material.
Ours was the moral superiority incon
testable. Many advances, not one re
treat that Is the balance sheet on the
flanks west of the Argonne. In one
day, the 24th. we repulsed five at
tacks. "Between the Mouse and the Moselle
the action has been less keen than
upon the rest of the front. It has per
mitted us to register progress slowly,
but this progress continues in the
forest of Apremont and in the woods of
Lepretre. We succeeded in destroying
or silencing several batteries of the
enemy's artillery in the Woevre district
and In the forest of Apremont on the
20th we demolished trenches in the
same region on the 23d and 24th. We
effectively bombarded the railroad sta
tion of Arneville on the 18th and 23d.
"In the Vosges we gained 250 meters
In Le Ban De Sapt and maintained at
every point our gains of the preced
ing week. Near Sirey our advance posts
have been established within 1500
meter;, of the city."
Owing to Popular
- and the Tremendous Success,
will be continued
Three More Days
4 Days Only.
a comedy - drama,
Henry W. Savage.
Today, Krlday, Saturday.
"AN AFFAIR FOR
A Clever Woman Proves Herself
More Clever Than the Police.
Two-Act Vltagraph Comedy Drama
"The Mystery of the Seven
Two-Act Selig Mystery Story with
Depicting Temptations of a Girl
Who Earns Her Own Living.
COMING SUNDAY COMING
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The extraordinary merit of Laxative Bromo Quinine ex
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After reading the accompanying label from the box of
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two tablets n9fSSK anon'' tkes immed
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USED THE WORLO OYER TO CURB A OOLO til ONE DAT
Are You One of Them?
Marie Dressier, Charles Chaplin
and Mabel Normand in
"Tillie's Punctured Romance."
Showing All This "Week.
TODAY, TOMORROW, SAT
URDAY. Noon to 11 P. M.
Phone Main 3372.
of Mr. Pipp"
Universal laughing hit. A show
to start the New Year happily.
"ETHEL SECURES THE EVI
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1 Oc-Any Seat-1 Oc
Noted stage beauty, in five-part
The Leading Photo-Play House in
West Park and Alder
The Dainty Favorite
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