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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 30, 1914)
V01 I.IV NO. 16,879.
PORTLAND, OREGON, 'VKDXRSDAT, DECEMBER 30, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
MAY JOIN AMERICA
Aid in Protest to Great
PRESIDENT WARNS SHIPPERS
Concealed Contraband Cer
tain to Hamper Government.
REPRISALS ARE DISCUSSED
Members of Congress Suggest Jim
bar go on Shipments to Allies.
Wilson Predicts Indemnities
Will Reach Millions.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29. President
Wilson appealed today to American
nippers' of non-contraband goods, such
an cotton, not to allow their cargoes to
be mixed with contraband articles. The
United States Government, he an
nounced, could deal confidently with
the difficulties which had arisen in the
treatment of American commerce by
Great Britain only If supported by ab
solutely honest manifests.
This statement followed & discussion
by the President with his Cabinet today
of the general shipping situation and
of the note dispatched to Great Britain
protesting at length against the
British policy of prolonged detentions
of cargoes and other interference with
- OtbejT Neutrals May Act Alio.
Publication of a synopsis of the note,
the tenure of which was confirmed at
the White House and State Department,
aroused much interest, not only in
diplomatic circles, but in Congress and
official quarters generally. Many diplo
mats of European and South American
countries made formal inquiry at the
State Department concerning the note,
and a memorandum on the subject was
There was ' a confident feeling In
diplomatic quarters that steps would
be taken by. other leading nations of
this hemisphere, as well as by some
European neutrals, to point out to
Great Britain their acquiescence in the
American, point of view.
... Britain's Own View Reiterated.
Prom the way the President dis
cussed the situation with callers, it
Was evident that the Washington Gov
ernment had-spoken firmly of its desire
for an Improvement in the condition of
European commerce, and was prepared
to insist further on its rights. The
President declared that the theory ex
pounded by the United States in its
note was, from the -American point of
view,- hardly debatable, as England
had adhered in previous wars to the
contentions now advanced by the
At the Cabinet meeting it was sug
gested that, in order to support the
American Government in its effort to
protect cargoes of non - contraband
goods, shippers and shipping companies
should be warned against concealment
of doubtful articles on the same ships.
The White House then issued its sug
gestion to American shippers to be
careful about the manifests describing
their cargoes.' The President said the
great embarrassment to the Govern
ment in dealing with the whole matter
was that some shippers had concealed
contraband in their cargoes of non
contraband articles. - '
Suspicion Reflects Innocent.
' Eo long as there were instances of
that kind, the President added, suspi
cion was east on every shipment, and
all cargoes were liable to doubt and to
State Department officials said later
that there were two cases in which
this had. occurred, and that Great
Britain had consequently used them as
a basis for general search.
Solicitor Johnson declared it was ab
surd that any general conspiracy to
conceal contraband in cotton ship
ments could exist,, because of the me
chanical difficulties involved in such an
undertaking, but he pointed out that
one or. two, isolated cases would em
barrass all shipments.
Some officials expressed the opinion
that one of the results of the present
agitation might be the enactment of
legislation which would penalize the
making of fraudulent or dishonest
manifests of cargoes,
: Poulble Reprisal ( omnldrred.
In some quarters there was talk of
possible-reprisals by the United States
in case the British fleet did not accord
better treatment to American cargoes.
One - idea advanced in Congressional
circles, ; and discussed in executive
quarters to some extent, was the pos
sible enforcement of an embargo
against shipment to the allies of prod
ucts which the United States consid
red legitimate articles . of . trade, . but
wbicn the British fleet prevented from
reaching Germany or Austria. .
In circles close to the White House
however, the belief was confidently ex
pressed that none of these measures
would be necessary, as' Great Britain,
understanding the seriousness ' of ' the
situation to American industries, would
ake steps to ameliorate the conditions
against which this Government had
Vtate Department officials would
venture no guess as to the size of the
damage claims being accumulated by
Detentions or American cargoes, but
President Wilson himself predicted that
millions of dollars In private indemni-
(Concluded on fax
CULVER IS VICTOR
ON 341 ST BALLOT
JEFFERSON CO UN T 1'- SEAT FIGHT
LASTS DAY AXD HALF.
Selection Is for Two Years Until
Voters Choose Madras and Me
tolius Lose Buildings Offered.
METOLITJS. Or Dec. 29. (Special.)
After a - day and a half of balloting
the County Court of Jefferson County
today decided to favor Culver as the
county seat for two years and until
the" permanent county seat shall be
determined by voters of the new
Madras, Metoltus and Culver were
active candidates for county seat hon
ors and as the court recently appointed
by Governor West Is composed of men
friendly to each town, the fight was
William Boegll, of Culver, is County
Judge and the Commissioners are Ros
coe Gard, of Gateway and J. M. King,
of Opal City. , Mr. Boegli was for Cul
ver, Mr. King for Metolius and Mr. Gard
for Madras. It took 311 ballots to de
cide. Each town offered free rental of
county offices and Courthouse for the
use of the county for two years.
Following the naming of the new
county seat the following officers were
named at a meeting of 175 taxpayers
at Culver In the afternoon. They are:
William Beogli, Cluver, County
Judge; W. E. Johnson, of Madras, Coun
ty Clerk;- W. P., Barnett, of Madras,
County Treasurer; Ira Black, of Opal
City, Shefiff; W. E. Holcomb. of Gate
way, Assessor;, Mrs. Eva Knapp. of
Gateway, County School Superintend
ent; E. "V. Egon, of Albany. Or.. Sur
veyor, an applicant; Bud Cram, of Gate
way, Stock Inspector; W. P. Myers, Dis
trict Attorney; Oscar Gard, Gateway,
and J.. M. King, of Opal City, Coun
That Culver had been chosen as the
county seat of Jefferson was the in
formation contained in a telegram re
ceived yesterday by J. W. Brewer, of
the Oregon Immigration Commlaeion.
from J. C. Cockerham, of Portland, who
Is now at Culver looking after his ex
tensive -property Interests there. "Cul
ver won county seat," is the wording
of the message. By the action of the
voters at the November election Jef
ferson County was carved out of the
original boundaries of Crook County.
AUSTRIAN ATTACKS FAIL
Montenegrins Kepulse Enemy ' Near
Grabovo With Heavy Loss. '
PARIS, Dec. 29. A Cettlnje dispatch
to the Ha vas ' Agency says . that-the
UAustrlans on December 28 delivered
a series of energetic attacks against
the Montenegrin troops in the region
of Grahovo. maintaining a violent ar
tillery fire principally toward Klobouzi.
After . fierce .fighting, which lasted all
day, the Austrlans were repulsed with
heavy loss. .
All the efforts of the Austrlans. adds
the dispatch, to storm the Montenegrin
position completely failed. Two Aus
trian aeroplanes jffew over Antivari,
firing with machine guns, but caused
BRITAIN TO MOVE ALIENS
Subjects of Enemies Mast Leave
District on Coast.
LONDON, Dec. 29. Notices to leave
have been served by the police on per
sons regarded as undesirable In the
coast towns adjoining the Tyneside dis
trict and Sunderland. The persons af
fected include aliens of enemy coun
tries . and naturalized aliens of both
sexes, and also British-born descend
ants of aliens, including the second
Exceptions are made in cases of ad
vanced age or extreme youth. Those
affected must leave within eight days
to an area 30 miles from the coast, ap
proved by the military authorities.
ALL DRINKING PROHIBITED
Petrograd Extends Vodka Ban ' to
Other Intoxicants, Including Beer.
LONDON, Dec. 29. A Reuter dis
patch from Petrograd says an order
has been iBSued here prohibiting the
sale of all alcoholic drinks in the city,
including beer. This order applies even
to the clubs and high-grade restau
rants. Early in the 'war an imperial decree
was issued prohibiting the sale of vod
ka and other spirituous liquors
throughout Russia. The traffic : In
lighter alcoholic drinks, such as beer
and light wines, however, has been per
ITALY IRRITATES VIENNA
Prince von Buetow's Plana for Con
ditional Concessions Disturbed.'
"VENICE, via London, Dec. 30. Italy's
expedition -in Avlona, which 6he oc
cupied several days ago, appears to
have produced considerable Irritation
at "Vienna, according to advices from
the Austrian capital.
It is thought there that possibly
suddenness of the Italian move
have- - disturbed clans nt triv.iit,i
Prince von Buelow's mission at Rome,
which, la said to have included un otter
of Southern Albanil to Italy upon her
agreeing to certain conditions.
.Baker Has 5-Ihch Snow.
BAKER. Or., Dec. 29. (Special.)
The second snow in the last two days
started tonight and inside of an hour
there was an Inch added to the tout
inches of snow already on the ground,
while the 'snow continued' falling
JOB FAMINE DUE TO
Capricious Women Are
Declared to Blame.
DRESS DEMANDS UNCERTAIN
Responsibility of Employer to
Employe Is Urged Also.
YEARLY WAGE SUGGESTED
Organized Labor Market Under Fed
eral Direction Is Another Theo
retical Remedy Offered Be
fore National Conference.
PHILADELPHIA. Dec. 29. American
women should help to provide steady
employment for thousands of workers
by being less capricious in demanding
Employers should be made responsi
ble for their employes both in slack
and busy seasons by legislation com
pelling them to pay a. living wage
throughout the year.
The. labor market should be. organ
ized and directed by a National em
ployment bureau with branches in
every important city, and labor unions
should discontinue the practice oi
drawing sharp lines between the trades.
Labor Exchanges Suggested.
'These were some of the suggestions
offered to insure steady employment
to willing workers by speakers at to
day's sessions of the National Confer
ence on Unemployed.
John B. Andrews. New York, secre
tary of the association, outlined a plan
by which the entire laoor market of" the
country would be organized under a
new branch of the Federal Department
of Labor with headquarters at Wash
ington. The first step toward a solu
tion of the unemployment problem, he
said, is the establishment of a network
of organized labor exchanges. These
exchanges he would have located in
every state and every important city
in the -country. " -'- -" -
Philanthropy I Disliked.
Philanthropic, bureaus are impracti
cable, he added, "because of the taint
of charity which clings to them."
Speaking on the subject of "Public
"Works," Frank O'Hara, of the Catholic
University of America, declared it was
the duty of those charged with the ex
penditure of public money for labor to
study the conditions of the labor, mar
ket. Mr. O'Hara recently directed the
Investigation of the Oregon committee
of the Association on Unemployment.
Economy Declared Possible.
"Even where the cost of executing
public work is slightly higher in In-
(Concluded on Page 3.)
I - '
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTERDAY' S; Maximum temperature, 46.8
degrees; minimum, 33.9 degrees...
TODAY'S Probably occasional rain; south
British Coast towns demand Investigation of
navy's unpreparedness to meet German
French concentrating- large forces for move
ment in Alsace. Page 3. -
Russian rout of Austrlans compares with
Servian victory. Page 3.
Eighth of German forces In Poland reported
lost in last attack. Page 2.
Other neutral nations expected to support
American protest against .British deten
tion of shipping. Page 1.
British officials a neutrals "sharp prac
tice" In concealing contraband makes
close inspection of cargoes necessary,
page . . .
Great Increase In ocean freight rates urged
-4n support of ship purchase bill. Page 2.
Important trade conference of all Ameri
can republics to be held In Bp ring.
Page 17. -
Senate ready to fight Wilson en patronage
issue. Page 1.
Qnlck changing of women's styles blamed
for much unemployment. Page 1.
Scientist demonstrates plants have nervous
systems. Page 5.
Anson Cornell, diminutive Oregon football
captain, undergoes operation to be able to
Play next year.- Page 12.
Semi-pro league to play Sunday baseball In
Portland next season planned. Page 12.
James J. Corbett to make trip to Australia.
Football sate If unfit are kept out, says
National Collegiate Association commlt-
tee. Pago 12.
Carlisle. Meloan and Wllholt look good to
McCredie, but he laments failure of deals.
Supreme Court decides "Penitentiary revolv
ing fund case" in favor or Governor.
Culver named county seat of Jefferson on
3-tlst ballot. Page 1. x
Rosaiian make merry on way to dedication
of Oregon building at San Francisco.
Columbia County citizens request removal of
frtate Highway Conimissiouer Bowlby.
Commercial and Marine..
Wheat farmers withdraw from market with
aavance In prices. Page 17.
Fresh export buying raises wheat prices at
Chicago. Page 17.
Wall-street stocks heavy owing to differences
with Great Britain. Page 17.
More carriers arrive In river for wheat ear
goes. Page IB.
Dock Commission says more bonds are need
ed to erect grain elevator. Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
Although Belgian fund reaches (26,000,
. committee hopes to make it JloO.oo
before January 15. Page 0.
Franklin T. Griffith repot ts West is waging
general fight on Ferris water power
measure. Page 11.
Committee of Multnomah delegation proposes
ei em uuiKc-up oi state boaras, bureaus
and commissions. Page 1.
Three boys smother blase at Jefferson High
acnooi. rage a.
New system of collecting water rental quar
terly is aaoptea. - page 13.
New form of streetcar transfer to be adopt
ed next rnaay ana rerouting is an
nounced. Page 13.
J. O. Ia France, who "faked" death in
15,00o insurance swindle. Is . paroled.
Page 4., - ' ,
Three thousand voice: riUK in 'fomniuaity
Song" ...jinni.".j'. Pi, t. .. ........
Ex-pastor-promoter arrested on charge of
promoting lottery scheme. Page 7.
Reading of "Blindness of Virtue" at Baker
holds Invited audience enthralled. Pago 4.
"Joker" in law blamed for variety of
schoolbooka. Page 4.
Weather resort- data, and forecast. Page 17.
Oregon on Trial Cruise.
SEATTLE, Dec" 29. The battleship
Oregon, which has been overhauled In
preparation for her place at the head
of the naval parade through the Pana
ma Canal, steamed from the Puget
Sound Navy-yard today for a two days'
trial cruise to Cape .Flattery and re
turn. The Oregon will go Into commission
STEPPING ON CUE CORNS.
SENATE READY FOR
FIGHT WITH WILSON
Dictation of Patronage
Resisted to End.
PRESIDENT READY IN ADYANCE
Appointments in Recess Shbw
Plan Was Prearranged.
COUNTER-MOVE IS PLANNED
Clause in Appropriation Bill Pro
viding That Rejected Appointees
Shall Be Stricken From Pay
roll Is Suggested.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec. 29. Notwithstanding Presi
denbdent Wilson's assertion that he has
no desire to engage in a patronage row
with the Senate and notwithstanding
his statement that more serious things
than patronage are engaging his atten
tion, members of the Senate are well
aware that the President intends to
distribute "pie" as he sees fit. regard
less of whether his appointments are
approved pr disapproved by the Senate.
Realizing that the President, before
starting hls patronage fight, went care
fully into all the details. Senators of
his own party are determined to resist
executive dictation to the end.
Senators' Advance Protests Unheeded.
In not fewer than eight Instances
the President, a week before Congress
convened, nominated men for office
over the protest of Democratic Senators
known to oppose the men of his selec
tion. The fact that he gave these
men recess appointments one week in
advance of the convening of Congress
is evidence, enough that the President
deliberately planned his campaign in
behalf of the appointees in question.
These recess appointments were not
made until the President had con
ferred with Attorney-General Gregory
and had , been advised ' by him- that
men' installed in office under recess
appointments could be held. in office in
definitely, so long as they had the back
ing of the Chief Executive.
Normal Coarse Not Followed.
In these cases the President believed
that the Senate either would hold up
his nominations or would go to the
extent of rejecting them, and It was -to
block the opposition- of the Senate that
the recess appointments were made.
Normally all these appointments would
have been held back until Congress
met. lor in none or tne eight cases
was the crying demand for the hasten
ing of the new appointments. The
President resorted to political trickery.
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Tuesday's War Moves
THE American note "protesting
against the British treatment of
American commerce and insisting on
an early improvement came as a com
plete surprise to the British public, as
there had been virtually no intimation
that any friction had arisen between
the two governments.
The placards posted by the after
noon papers were given over exclusive
ly to the American note and the papers
gave it the largest headlines they have
given any news during the past month.
Consequently the British people regard
this as one of the most Important oc
currences of the whole war. Nothing
of the kind since President Cleveland's
Venezuelan message has produced such
The first Impression of the public is
that the note may create friction and
perhaps some unfriendly feeling, al
though the newspapers point out that
It specifically declares that the repre
sentations were made in a friendly
spirit. The situation is comparable to
that which arose at the time of the
South African war when neutral ship
pers began to send cargoes Intended
for the Transvaal Republic to the neu
tral port of Delagoa Bay.
The Washington note had not reached
the Foreign Office tonight, but it
could not have been dealt with had it
arrived, as Sir Edward Grey, Secretary
for Foreign Affairs, who has ben
away for the Christmas holidays, is not
returning until tomorrow.
Even the war news took a secondary
place to the note in the news columns
of the papers, although the news com
ing from the Russian front was highly
gratifying to the allies. There has
been a slackening of the fighting. In
Northern Poland between the lower
Vistula and Pilica Rivers, where the
Russians .have captured some German
trenches, prisoners and guns an indi
cation. It is believed here, that the Ger
man frontal attack on the army guard
ing Warsaw has been definitely
In Southern Poland the Russians also
record some successes, while in Gal Ida
they have apparently inflicted a defeat
on the Austrlans almost as serious as
that which Emperor Francis' troops
suffered In Servla.
Since their latest offensive com
menced the Russians have taken 50,000
Austrian prisoners and captured many
guns, according to tho Russian official
reports, and if, as was estimated, Aus
tria had three and four army corps
on its re-entry Into Galicla, it must
have lost more than a third of the
number In killed, wounded and pris
oners. The state, of the roads, which
are feet deep in mud, has prevented
the Russians from making the pursuit
as effective as It might have done
could the Cossacks have found a firm
footing for their horses.
On the fighting in the West the
French and German reports are in di
rect conflict. The French claim they
have occupied 'tho village of St.
Georges, which is on the main road be
tween Nieuport and Bruges, and two
miles from the former town. On the
other hand, the German report says:
"We have gained some ground near
Heavy fighting is also taking place
in the Argonne and on the heights of
the Mouse. The French report appar
ently refers to later events than those
recorded in Berlin, for Paris tells of
the recapture of a trench which the
German communication mentions as
having been captured by the Germans.
The French are investing Stein bach, in
News from Germany is coming In
slowly, as cable communication be
tween England and Holland is dislo
cated by the storm and the telegraph
wires between Holland and Germany
have been wrecked in many places.
With the close of the holidays the
recruiting boom has recommenced in
England. Large numbers enlisted to
day. CANADA WOULD BE FACTOR
Steps to Make Weight in War Felt
WINNIPEG, Man. Dec 29. In a stir
ring address before the Canadian Club
at luncheon today Premier Borden
traced the steps Canada was taking to
make ber weight adequately felt in the
"The preparation must be thoroughly
and adequately made." he said. "It
would not only be useless but criminal
to send our citizen soldiers into the
field without the training and discipline
which are essential."
The Premier said it was probable if
the conflict should last another year
the free oversea dominions would have
put into the fighting line 250,000 men.
AMERICA IS NEW WAR RISK
Lloyds Issues Insurance Against
Conflict With Britain.
LONDON. Dec. 29. (Special.) A pre
mium of 15 guineas per cent was being
paid in Lloyds today on policies
"To pay a total loss in the event of
the declaration of war between Great
Britain and America within 12 months
The premium to Insure against war's
being declared between Norway and
Great Britain within 12 months is now
7 guineas per cent.
FALL FINDS OLD LOST PIN
Albany Woman Stumbles, Hand Hits
Bauble Missing 2 6 Years.
ALBANY. Or., Dec. 29. (Special.) A
fall recovered for -.rs. Gourley .Wills
a stickpin she lost. 26 years ago.
While going through a gate Mrs.
Wills stumbled and her hand, thrown
out to break her fall, struck the gold
stickpin, which wa: buried under loose
dirt near the gate.
Mrs. Wills lives three miles south
west of Albany.
SHAKE-UP OF STATE
Mergers, Shifting and
ECONOMICAL BILL FORMING
Measure to Be Submitted to
Multnomah Men Monday. ,
MORE EFFICIENCY SOUGHT
Senator Day, Chairman . of Body
Drafting Act, Outlines Sweeping
Rearrangement of Bureaus,
Which Discards 'Several.
13 DIVISIONS INTO WHICH
COMMITTEE ASKS STATE
GOVERNMENT TO Bfel
Board of control.
State land board.
Department of education.
Department of finance.
Department of health.
Department of agriculture.
Department of labor. '
Department of animal Industry.
Department of Justice.
Department of forestry.
Board of fish and game com
missioners. All other existing boards, com
missions, departments or bureaus
in the present state government
are to be merged with these.
Consolidation of various state boards,
bureaus and commissions and abolition
of many others are proposed by the
Multnomah County legislative commit
tee recently appointed for that purpose
as a means of Increasing the efficiency
In administering state affairs and ef
fecting economy in their operation
This subcommittee, which consists of.
Senator L N. Day. chairman, and Kep-
resentatlve-elect S. B. Cobb and Lloyd
J. Wentworth, Is drafting a bill which
will be submitted to the entire Mult
nomah delegation next Monday night
and Introduced at the forthcoming ses
sion of the Legislature.
Great Improvement Aimed.
Senator Day has devoted much study
to the present system of state govern
ment. The chunges that he proposes,
he says, will correct many evils that
now exist, eliminate duplication of ef
fort, avoid conflict of authority and
remove the cause of much unnecessary
expenditure of money.
"But It Is not probable that we will
effect a great saving," said Senator
Day, "as many of the commissions that
we propose to abolish or to consolidate
work without pay. I ion't care,
though, how little we save. It Is our
duty to save wherever it Is possible to
save If it is only a dollar."
Bureau Mersers Flasmed.
The consolidation plans outlined by
Senator Day and the other members
of the committee are designed not so
much as a means of saving money as
an avenue of gaining greater efficiency.
The principal provisions in the pro
posed bill are:
Retain the State Board of Control in
its present form.
Combine the State Land Board, the
Desert' Land Board and the Water
Create a State Board of Education
superseding the regencies of the state
university, the Agricultural College and
the normal school, the board of higher
Curricula, the State Texbook Commis
sion, the present Board, of education
and Superintendent of Public Instruc
tion. . .
Create a department of finance of
which the State Treasurer shall be the
head and which shall take over the
corporation, insurance and banking de
partments. Combining; of Work Is "View.
Combine the work of the Social Hy
giene Society with the State Board of
Health and give that board Jurisdic
tion over the "food" department of the
State Dairy and Food Commissioner's
office: also give the board visitorial
jurisdiction over the State Board of
Medical Examiners, registration of
graduate nurses, dental examiners, op
tometry examiners, pharmacy board
and barber examiners.
Create a State Board of Agriculture
to take over the duties of the present
State Fair Board, the Horticultural
Board and the Pure Seed Board, with
visitorial jurisdiction over the Agricul
tural College and its experiment sta
Combine the present Labor Commis
sioner's office. Industrial Accident
Commission, Industrial Welfare Com
mission. Create a State Board of Animal In
dustry to take over the duties of the
Livestock Sanitary Board, the Stallion
Record Board and the State Veteri
narian and those duties of the Slate
Food and Dairy Commissioner that
have to do with dairy cattle and their
Merge the State Tax Commission with
the Railroad Commission.
Some Not to Change.
The Attorney-General's department,
the State Board of Forestry and the
State Fish and Game Commission are
not to be disturbed, but the bill will
provide that the State Treasurer shall
(Concluded on Page C.)