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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 25, 1914)
THE MOItNIXG OREGOXIAN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER So, 1914.
PORTLAND, OREO OK.
Entered at Portland, Oregon, Fostofflce aa
Bubsvripuon Rates Invariably In Advance:
Dally Sunday Included, one year .... $8.00
Isaily, eunday Included, six months 4.25
2.tally. Sunday Included, three months 2.25
pally, Sunday Included, one month .7fi
I'aily, without Sunday, one year ........ 8.00
lally, without Sunday, six moDths 8.zS
liRily, without Sunday, three month! l-'
Dally, without Sunday, one month .80
Weekly, ane year 1.60
Sunday, one year 2.60
Eunday and Weekly, one year 8.50
Dally, flunday Included, one year $9.00
&ally. Sunday Included, one month .IS
How to Remit Send Fostofflce money or.
der, express order or personal check on your
local batik. Stamps, coin or currency are at
sender's r.flk. Give postof flee address in full.
Including; county and state.
Postasre Rates 12 to 16 pages, 1 cent; 18
to 82 paces, 2 cents; 84 to 48 pages, 8 cents;
60 to So pages, 4- cents; 63 to 76 pages, S
cents; (8 to V2 pages, 6 cents. Foreign post
age, double rates.
Eastern Business Office Verree Conk
II n. New York, bruniwlok building. Chi
cago, stenger building,
San Franclnco Office R. J. Blawell Co.,
742 Market street.
PORTLAND, WEDNESDAY. NOV., !3, 1914.
1 RATIONAL, TAJBQ-F REFOB.M.
An encouraging: sign that those sec
tions of the country where Kepubli
cans have hitherto stood for exorbi
tant protection are coming- to a more
rational view of the tariff is to be
found in the changed tone of some
Eastern newspapers. The New York
Sun, for example, has been regarded,
with some Justification, as a champion
of "the interests," yet It now says:
What the United States needs In an
ecooomta sense, and also what will please
the electorate more than anything else, is
sot a high tariff nor a low tariff,, but a
moderately protective tariff.
The Sun goes on to explain how ex
cessive protection has led to popular
revolt and to excessive reduction of
duties, which caused depression and
deficits In spite of additional internal
taxes. Such was the experience dur
ing the days of Cleveland. A revolt
against the high McKInley tariff
brought the low Wilson tariff and the
passage of an Income tax law, which
was declared unconstitutional, with
the result that the inevitable deficit
was aggravated. Reaction followed,
and the Sun says:
The Republican party, learning nothing
from the past, aa soon aa it was placed in
power after the abolition of the very low
tariffs favored by Mr. Cleveland, tried upon
the country a high tariff of the old sort.
Once more there was a revolt against high
protection, and once more it has been found
that low tariffs aa well aa high tariffs fall
to answer the country's needs.
The conclusion of the Sun la that "a
reasonable and proper mean between
the tariff extremes Is what is wanted,"
and it sums up the whole case by say
ing: We want a sensible, honest, reasonable
tariff In the making of which neither un
practical free trade theorists nor greedy
capitalists have a hand.
Such a tariff can tie obtained " by
only one course of procedure. The
great body of the people, who desire
reasonable protection, should insist
that Congress shoulder aside both the
greedy capitalists and the unpractical
theorists, abandon the attempt to ar
rive at the proper rate of duties by
means of committee hearings and cre
ate a commission which shall gather
all the information needed to guide
the- committee and Congress. A com
mittee is given only the facts which
selfishly interested persons wish it to
know, together with a liberal mixture
of falsehood. These persons carefully
conceal facts which are essential to a
correct decision, but would militate
against obtaining extravagant de
mands. Those having a large selfish
interest to serve appear in force at
committee hearings. The general pub.
lie interest is only slightly represent
ed. If at all, and persons who have
undertaken to represent it have often
received scant courtesy. The result is
a distorted, one-sided view and a mis
placed tariff, too high at some points,
too low at others, which disgusts the
people and disposes them to kick the
Whole structure of protection' to pieces
at the next election.
A Tarif Commission, composed, as
was that appointed by President Taft,
of men of both parties whose mission
was simply to collect and collate the
knowledge needed by tarlff-framers,
would not wait for men to come to It;
It would send its agents to them. It
would not be content with what men
wished to tell; it would go after every
thing it ought to know and would
have authority to compel divulgenco
of information, subject to obligations
of official secrecy. It would not seelt
to uphold any particular policy; it
would collect data, leaving advocates
of the two rival theories to make their
own Interpretation. It need not go so
far as to recommend any particular
rates, of duty, though it might indicate
wnat rai.es wouia eiuwie our producers
to compete successfully in home and
foreign markets without building up
monopoly or oppressing the consumer
with exorbitant prices.
If the Republican party, when re
stored to power, were to Ignore the
pleas of both types of extremists and
were honestly to base duties on in
formation thus obtained, the swing'
ing of the pendulum of public opln-
Ion between the two extremes would
probably cease. The tariff would not
he revised in a single bill under this
policy. It would be revised one sched
ule at a time. When all the schedules
had been thus reconstructed, changed
conditions would be likely to require
slight modifications In those' first re
vised. No other country revises its
tariff by wholesale in a single bill.
The European nations have men
studying business conditions contln
ually and making or recommending
slight modifications as changed condi
tions require. No other country con
vulses business by sudden periodic
changes from one policy to the other.
Having adopted a policy, they adhere
to it continuously. Great Britain in
augurated the free trade policy in
1846, but not until many years after
wards was the last protective duty re
pealed, and all efforts to bring about
a return to the protective policy have
failed. Business conditions have, in
consequence, acquired a stability un
known to this country, and men can
adopt plans the execution of which
extends far into the future because
they can feel confident that the fis
cal conditions on which those plans
are based will pot be changed.
It la high time that the Republican
party sent to limbo the tariff hogs, as
well as theTarirf dreamers and en
acted what the Sun calls "the right
tariff." Then business will have rest,
security and confidence.
But what on earth is the matter
with the allies in the West? With Ger
many fighting a fearfal struggle on
the east, a struggle requiring her
strongest armies and closest interest.
the allies seem content to remain dor
mant. It would seem, at least from
the distance, that now is the time th
allies should be striking their hardest
blows against the German fighting
machine in France and Belgium. If
the Germans should succeed in the
east they will reinforce their western
line .and the allies 'will -then have a
tougher nut to crack.
ax echo from coppeefield.
When Miss fern Hobbs, acting as
emissary plenipotentiary for Governor
West, and Colonel Lawion, her trusty
militiaman, descended on Copperfield,
closed the saloons, seized their stocks
of liquor, shipped them to Baker, and
held them there for nearly a yetr,
there was no confiscation. Nor can
the Governor, who was directing his
willing ambassadors in the great serv
ice of cleaning up and cleaning out
Copperfield, be enjoined from .doing
what he had already done. All of
which we gather from a decision of
the State Supreme Court, rendered
But we do not discover that the
court is enthusiastic over the great
adventure of Governor West, per
Hobbs and Law son. It quite clearly
indicates that the "arbitrary exercise
of the military power" is as little to
be desired as "government by injunc
tion." "However we may character
ize the occurrences described in the
pleadings," says the court, "yet we
cannot presume that the defendants
will do any unlawful act in the fu
ture." The wise Judges appear thus
to regret that a strict respect lor the
requirements of correct legal Interpre
tations compels them to give the Gov
ernor and his accessories the benefit
of the doubt. But they feel Justified,
nevertheless, in describing the Gover
nor's sensational proclamation of mar
tial law at Copperfield as "fustian."
The remedy of the injured Copper
field saloonkeeper appears to ' be to
begin an action at law for damages.
That is what he doubtless thought he
had done. But the liquor is there in
Baker. He has thirteen months and
more to dispense it in Oregon, and
even at Copperfield, if he can.
CALIFORNIA'S FAVORITE SOX.
The enthusiasm of Governor Hiram
Johnson's admirers leads one of them,
the Pacific Outlook, to give general
notice that California will have a
candidate for President to offer two
years hence. Says the Ou.'look, in
course of a glowing panegyric of
This result establishes California as the
first progressive state in the Union and
places Governor Hiram W. Johnson uncondl-
ionally in the absolntely front rank or
American political leaders. In a year of
reaction, with standpat victories overwhelm
ing even such men as Beverldge, Pinchot,
Colby and Robins. Hiram Johnson alone.
of all the National leaders, has not only
maintained, but enormously Increased his
strength, even over its highest point in the
past. This Nation must now reckon with
Hiram Johnson, and through him with Cali
fornia, as it never did before.
California is not only the first Pro
gressive state, but the only Progressive
state. It will take more than one Pro
gressive swallow, doubtless, to make
Presidential Summer; though the
California Idea is that if anyone is
good enough for California, he is good
nough for the Nation, if not too good.
But was the Johnson triumph a
Progressive or a personal victory? If
through him the Progressives won,
the party must be easily satisfied, for
the Progressive candidate for Senator,
Mr. Heney, was a bad third, and Gov
ernor Johnson was about the only
candidate to make a first-rate show
ing except those astute Progressives
who also contrived to secure a Re
Around the robust form of Hiram
Johnson the Progressives still main
tain the semblance of an organization
in California. But there are forty-
seven other states besides California.
This may be denied in California, but
it is so.
MR. YEON AND ROADS.
No citizen who has ever been over
the Columbia Highway, whether he
went in an automobile, or a horse-
vehicle, or afoot, has failed to be im
pressed with the high worth of the
undertaking. . It is to be the great
connecting link between Eastern and
Western Oregon; it traverses the most
magnificent river in America; it opens
up a fertile territory; it is a noble
piece of road construction. Altogeth
er, it bids fair to be known as one of
the great highways of the world.
For a year Mr. Yeon has been roadr
master for Multnomah, giving his at
tention particularly, to the Columbia
TTIViwnv hut vnrklnr atari for first-
class roads throughout the county.
He has given to the public gratuitous
ly the earnest and competent service
of a fine organizer and a sensible and
honest roadbuilder. With the aid of
the Bensons, father and son, who have
devoted their time and money to the
cause of better roads, he has realized
their common ideal of a perfect road
in the Columbia Highway; and with
them he desires to make all the roads
about Portland what they should be.
The Columbia Highway is to be
Oregon's show-road; but the roads of
the county are to be a definite and
lasting asset, available for tie most
constant and trying use, and contrib
uting directly to the welfare of all
citizens. The Highway Is but a unit
in a system of permanent roads for
A meeting of taxpayers yesterday
decided to recommend the completion
of the- Columbia Highway (except the
paving) out of the 1915 tax levy and
to propose a bond issue of $1,000,000
to be used for hardsurfacing various
important Multnomah roads, includ
ing the Highway.
Obviously the day of the paved road
In the country, as in the city, is here.
Macadam roads, or gravel roads, or
dirt roads, are not good enough, for
they do not last, under present traffic
conditions, on main thoroughfares. A
wise people builds for the future, as
for the present.
TUB FltTVATK COLLEGE CONFERENCE.
The conference of college heads
and faculties to be held at Forest
Grove next Friday and Saturday
should produce important educational
results. Only the prjvately-owned in
stitutions are to be represented, but
that fact will not diminish the weight
of the discussions. These colleges have
always played a highly significant
part in the educational life of Oregon
and there is no reason to expect that
their relative value will soon tre di
minished. They are not likely to grow
as rapidly as the Btatesupported in
stitutions, but we do not believe that
is to be much regretted.
Of course a big' university presents
some opportunities to its students
which the small colleges cannot hope
to rfVal, but on the other hand they
possess peculiar excellencies of their
own. ,In respect to libraries, labora
tories and, perhaps, lecturers, they
will always be troubled to hpld their
own, but they have compensating
qualities. The small college retains
more of the idealistic feeling than one
usually finds in the big university.
Education is less commercialized there
and is more faithful .to the gfat spir
It is quite likely that these tradi
tions will assume more serious impor
tance in the world as the revolt
against materialism and militarism
proceeds and the small college will
profit by the new feeling. They will
also profit by the growing belief that
an intimate relation between pupil
and teacher io or prime worth in
education. Class work in the populous
institutions must always be more or
less mechanical, a matter Of routine
and "Impersonal drill. In the small
college students and teachers draw
nearer together and the fine qualities
of the instructor are impressed upon
the young by habitual association.
The privately-owned colleges could
not be spared from our educational
system without great loss. Their fi
delity to the "inner life" makes them
worthy of the highest praise and en
titles them to a more liberal financial
support than they have ever received
up to the present.
From Judge Stephen A. Lowell
comes the suggestion that the most
efficient way for the Legislature to
provide enforcement of the prohibition
amendment would be to adopt the
tested prohibition statutes of Kansas.
It is doubtless true that Kansas pro
vides the last word in effectively
applied prohibition law, but it is per
haps wise to. investigate the terms of
the Kansas law and inquire whether
public sentiment in this state desires
similar restrictions. What might bo
popular there might be unpopular
here. If the law is more severe than
the people desire it is likely to fall
not only in its onerous particulars, but
In others as well.
The Kansas law has been built up
gradually. While most of the provi
sions now in force were adopted, in
1909, there have been important addi
tions in later years. As reports that
the law's enforcement in that state
are favorable. It may be assumed that
It accords with Kansas public opinion.
But would it accord with Oregon, opin
ion, where state-wide prohibition is a
condition not yet experienced?
The constitutional amendment
adopted in Oregon In the recent elec
tion is precisely the same as the Kan
sas amendment. In neither state is
distribution prohibited by constitution,
but Kansas has placed certain restric
tion by legislative enactment on dis
tribution for private use which, if
known to have been contemplated in
Oregon as a consequence of adoption
of the amendment might have greatly
altered the vote thereon.
Kansas prohibits the receipt or use
of Intoxicating liquors In social clubs.
as well as Its division, distribution,
gift, barter or sale therein.
Kansas permits carriers to deliver
intoxicating liquor from out of the
state to individuals for private use,
but requires that the consignee shall
sign a prescribed form of receipt
which after thirty days must be filed
as a public record.
Kansas also prohibits the taking of
orders for delivery of liquors for pri
These are the provisions which pos
sibly would encounter the most seri
ous objection In a state just beginning
a dry existence.
There are other provisions in the
Kansas law which may appear at least
novel to the general public. There, no
drug stores are licensed to sell Intoxi
cating liquors on prescription or
otherwise. If liquor Is required for
medicinal purposes it must be admin
istered by a physician from his own
Drunkenness anywhere in the state,
even in one's own home, is punishable
by fine or imprisonment. Severe pen
alties are prescribed for giving or sell
ing liquor to ' Inmates of Soldiers'
Homes. The- landlord Is made respon
sible for fines and costs when he
knowingly permits illegal sale on his
premises, and leases are forfeited
when the tenant uses the property
Places where liquors are sold or
given away contrary to law or where
people congregate to drink are de
clared public nuisances by the Kansas
law and the right of search and seiz
ure is extended to officers of the law
respecting such places.
These are some of the important
features of the Kansas law and a few
of them are more liberal than the law
just adopted in the State of Washing
ton. There the quantity an individual
may keep for his own use is limited
by statute. The character of law Ore
gon shall adopt is one of the grave
problems confronting the Legislature.
But it would seem that the fact that
a law elsewhere has been upheld by
the highest courts and that it is adapt
able to our own constitution and prac
tices is not fhe only test. It must con
form to the public wishes in Oregon
to be successfully enforced.
PROMOTING INDUSTRIAL ART.
The- American Art Institute, which
was organized last Spring, has now
opened its rooms on East Forty-second
street. New York, and win begin
active operations. A great many dis
tinguished persons are interested In
the now society whose principal aim
Is to promote the arts connected with
industry. To make the surroundings
of common life beautiful Is a task
which has scarcely been undertaken
In the United States, although in some
other countries it has been carried to
wonderful perfection. The Art Insti
tute will employ various means to ad
vance this worthy purpose.
For one thing, It will seek to estab
lish better relations between artistic
producers and those who purchase
their work. It seems that this voca
tion suffers as much as any other
from lack of system. Many persons
who make excellent designs carry
them to the wrong market and thus
fail to reap their rightful profit.
Others need direction about the most
fruitful use to make of their abilities.
These matters and others of similar
import the Art Alliance will take
up and place in a more desirable
It also plans to encourage education
in industrial art. In most or the
American manufactories where taste
and skill of hand are required the
highest paid positions are held by for
eigners, while native Americans are
fitted only for - the inferior portions
of the work. Naturally, therefore,
their pay a Inferior also. What Is
needed in this field Is education that
will fit American youths for the high
est industrial positions. They must not
only train themselves to be designers,
but also for superintendents! in great
The, Art Alliance further intends to
take up a work which has been intro
duced in the London County Council
schools. This la the development of
correct taste In merchants so that
they can be relied upon to recognize
good, art When it is offered to them
and hand it on to their customers.
Perhaps the greatest of all the current
problems in industrial art is to beau
tify machine-made articles. These
usually present a mechanical uniform
ity which may not lessen their use
fulness, but it certainly makes them
unnecessarily ugly. The modern world
will not of course give up machine
manufacture, but it is easily possible
by the employment of skill and taste
to relieve goods made in this way of
their dull sameness and render them
agreeable to the eye Instead of of
fensive. This demands a special kind
of education which the Art Institute
will try to promote.
If the Institute succeeds in carrying
out even a part of its plans it will be
a weighty factor in American educa
tion and industry. With the ability
and capital which it has enlisted it
should be able to move .rapidly toward
its various objects and begin to show
results within a comparatively short
time. Up to the present America has
been obliged to go to Europe for its
high-grade industrial designs. "No
purely American art," says one au
thority, "has yet developed to the
point where it can be independent of
foreign inspiration." There Is no good
reason why this development should
be much longer delayed.
Arkansas farmers are no longer
satisfied with the mere necessaries of
life. They want some of the luxuries.
To that end they have called upon
every available resource to help make
their business pay better. The Fed
eral Department of Agriculture, the
state college, ' the railroads, public
schools and banks are all interested.
Among them they should manage to
do something worth imitating else
where. The Arkansas movement Is
called "a state agricultural revival."
The Christian Science Monitor reads
a lesson In the wholesale slaughter of
proposed constitutional amendments
at the Fall elections. It does not pay,
thinks that paper, to give the voters
the "difficult task" of passing on a
host of candidates and a string of
measures within the ten or fifteen
minutes he spends in the booth. Were
his task shortened and simplified he
would do It better.
Patagonia, like Alaska, used to be
described as a desolate region of ice
and snow. Now, like Alaska again, it
turns out to be a region of boundless
resources. Settlers are flocking to its
eastern coast and thriving towns are
growing up. Patagonia is one of the
few places in the world where there
can still be found vast fertile stretches
of unsettled land.
Massachusetts Is a wonderful state
fcr "conservative reforms." Just now
It Is agitating for two of them, short
legislative sessions and the short bal
lot. With .the latter go Increased
powers for administrative officers and
heavier responsibilities. It may be
that in the long run the Massachusetts
way will work out as well as the "Ore'
The School Journal thinks 11 or 12
years the best age to begin study of
a foreign language. It is better than
any later time, but not soon enough.
The earlier a child begins to study a
language the more quickly and surely
he acquires It, and, marvelous as It
may seem, the various tongues seem
to help and not hinder one- another in
The 100,000 Americans who haVe
offered their services to Canada for
the European war have more zeal than
sense, but If they are accepted their
loss to the country will occasion at
least one benefit. It will relieve us
of a swarm of insanely quarrelsome
maniacs and thus make it easier for
sensible people to keep the peace.
It now develops that the Crown
Prince is fighting in the east. The
policy seems to be to shoot him from
place to place until he rails Into a
great victory in time to claim the
credit for it. But even as he failed at
Verdun he appears to be confronted
with a slim chance at present in
An earthquake lasted for an hour
about early breakfast time In this
country yesterday, but has not been
located. At that time of day the
proper wife is too busy Jawing "the
old man" out of bed to note anything
unusual and for the same reason the
dilatory husband's mind Is elsewhere.
Charles Jarl, of Kelso, in Eastern
Multnomah, who put "Dutch" Strof,
the burglar, out of business with the
robber's gun, deserves more than
simple "Thank you!"
Some 100,000 Americans have ap
plied to go to the. front with Canadian
regiments. What would Canada do
The Germans' right wing was
stopped by Slavs yesterday and Tur
key's giblets get into the dUcord to
Buy a turkey today, and if the spirit
so moves while they are cheap and
plenty, Duy two and give one to the
The recent election is said to have
reduced Colonel Roosevelt to the
ranks. Or placed him on the retired
War to the last cartridge is Agui
lars vow against Villa. But then he
may have only a couple of shells left.
The next time the United States
interferes anywhere, the belligerents
will discount the merit of Intention,
England needs a commission of
Kansans to show how to make and
jump into cyclone cellars.
There Is another rumor afloat that
Mr. Bryan intends to resign. Too good
to be true.
Show us a poor political loser and
we'll show you a poor specimen of
The football craze in England is
blamed ror slow recruiting. That and
The military football game in East
ern Prussia is still centering about
The buzzards of Vera Cruz are back
on the Job by this time, no doubt.
Some candidates do not appear to
know when they are beaten.
The American Vera Cruz incident Is
the folly of the age.
One month to Christmas,
Home Town Up the Line
By Dean Collins.
While others gaze upon the map
With deepest Interest, .
To note what city is, maphap,
Beleaguered in the West.
Of whether on the eastern side
The forts of Cracow still abide.
Or look with seal for Tranapol,
Or Tpres, where the battles roll;
am a very different chap:
There's only Just one town for mine.
And its not on the last war map
I speak of Home Town, up the line.
care not if, tomorrow morn.
The walls of Cracow fall: -
Or Frzemysl lies forlorn.
witn war smoke over all: -
The map has just one city strong
That keeps my interest right along;
Ana that Is where the smoke wreaths
From fires that brown big home-made
Where royal turkey roasts In state.
Ana cornbread golden, crisp and. fine.
And gravy rich and sauces great
l speaK or Home Town, up the line.
And so, let others scan the map.
For spots of foreign fame.
And towns where battle banners flap
Mia uproar, strife and flame;
rix my eyes unswervingly
On the one town where I would be.
Thanksgiving's altar fires arise
With incense rich, from pumpkin pies;
Where mother, with a wondrous art
Evolves a banquet quite divine:
That la the city or my heart
1 speak of Home Town, up th'e line.
DANGER IX GENERAL APPLICATION
Personal Compensation for Criminal
Injuries May Canse Wrongrdolns;.
PORTLAND, Nov. 24. (To the Ed
itor.) I note that Judge McGinn ap
praises the value or a young girl's
virtue at 1250 and that he puts the
assessed valuation or severe bodily iti-
uries received In a case or assault and
battery at $100. I would suggest that
he be urged to publish a more complete
scale of prices for the long list of
offenses which must be brought to his
attention from time to time. If he is
In doubt as to the proper amount to
charge the culprit in such cases I
would refer him to the old Salic law,
which has the system worked out to
a nicety. I haven't the data, at hand,
but the learned Judge will remember,
so much for an eye, so many shillings
for a tooth, so many for an ear chewed
off. all these sums being payable to
the injured party.
I have always understood that in the
evolution of civilization and the in
crease in the wisdom of the ages, the
theory that punishment for crime and
money compensation for same was due
the Injured party had changed, and
that the generally accepted theory
among civilized nations today was
that such punishment or compensation
was due the state and that there was
ample reason for this change,; but It
evidently seems otherwise ,to the
learned Judge. '
Seriously, is there not danger In re
applying the old Teutonic law of 1000
years ago under modern conditions?
ir It should become generally known
that offenders will be let off with a
money payment to the Injured party
will not . this Impression become an
incentive rather than a detriment to
crime? H. A. B.
Unanimous Consent for New Survey.
PORTLAND, Nov. 24. (To the Edl
tor.) Is there any law allowing the
changing of a survey In Multnomah
County once made by the County Sur
veyor and placed on record? The case
In dispute was surveyed by C. Oliver
in 1903, corners established and prop
ertj laid out In five-acre tracts and
sold. Some of the purchasers have
cleared their holdings and erected
buildings and fences. The persons who
had the tract laid out and surveyed
had so many claims that they have not
the amount or ground left they should
have and are endeavoring to have the
tract resurveyed. If it is surveyed
again and corners established the way
it is claimed it should be it will neces
sitate the moving of the fences and
perhaps buildings of the innocent pur
chasers. Who is liable for the removal
or said fences and buildings? Can the
present owners keep them from having
the property resurveyed? Can they re
cover damagres in any way?
After a tract of land has been sub
divided into tracts, blocks or lots regu
larly staked, plotted and recorded and
afterward sold to various parties.
there can be no changing of stakes
or any resurvey take place except by
unanimous consent and agreement of
all owners of lots or tracts affected.
Should such an agreement be effected
then they may petition the County
Court for a vacation of the first flat
and file another one, as may be agreed
upon by all concerned.
Preferred and Common Stock.
PORTLAND, Nov. 24. (To the Edl
tor.) Please explain the difference be
tween preferred and common stock in
corporations and how profits or earn
ings are applied as dividends on the
different classes of stock.
Preferred stock gets, a fixed rate of
dividend before common etock gets any.
Thus United States Steel preferred pays
7 per cent, while for a long time com
mon paid nothing and has paid only
up to 5 per cent. On the other hand,
preferred never pays more than the
fixed rate, while common has the
chance of paying 10 or more per cent.
Dividends on preferred stock are often
cumulative; that Is, If the profits In
any year are not sufficient to pay the
stipulated rate, the deficiency Is made
up In later years, while in such cases
common stock pays no dividend. In
some companies voting power is not
given preferred stock. In others, such
stock may be converted into bonds.
Why Not Copy Kansas Ltwl
PENDLETON. Or., Nov. 23. (To the
Editor.) Please permit a suggestion
as to an easy and efficient manner by
which the Legislature may provide
tested statutes for enforcement of the
newly adopted prohibition amendment
to the constitution. The great mass of
our laws are borrowed from the older
Is it not best now to adopt the
statutes of the State of Kansas, so tar
as they relate to intoxicating liquors?
They are easily adapted to our own
practice and constitution and have met
the test of the highest courts. The
State Librarian and Clerk of the Su
preme Court can assemble them from
the State Library and the Attorney
General will then easily redraft them
for use by the Legislature.
STEPHEN A. LOWELL.
Member of the Supreme Court.
Earnest Youth Father, what qualifi
cations do you need to be a member of
ihe Supreme Court?
Father You have to be thoroughly
respectable, honorable beyond reproach
and be able to write English in such
a way that no other lawyer will be
quite, pure wnat you mean.
A Congressman of Experience.
Washington (D. C.) Star,
'You'll have some explaining to do
when you get home, wont you?
"No," replied the member of Congress.
"I'm going to let my constituents argue
matters out among themselves and
then take the side that seems to have
the most advocates.
IT 19 THEIR OWN CONTROVERSY
Irishmen May Quarrel Wltb Britishers,
but Outsiders Better Keep Oat.
PORTLAND, Nov. 24. (To the Edi
tor.) That bloody cataclysm over seas
has become so acute that it may now
be said that one side or the other will
prevail within the next few months, or
defensive fighting will continue for two
to three years, dependent entirely upon
what terms hostilities may cease.
The convention of the United Irish
League in America called for December
8 to meet John Redmond and his col
leagues in New York City has been in
definitely postponed, so serious is the
Mr. Redmond's presence in this coun
try would do much to silence those
unscrupulous newspapers and ignorant
and un-American agitators, who are
the bountiful recipients of "gold pills,"
made In Germany. Hence this letter
In default of said convention.
The organization of which 1 am a
member, the "United Irish League or
America," is neither pro-English, pro
German, pro-French, pro-Austrian nor
pro-Russian. It is pro-American, hum
bly thankful to God that our country
is at peace with the world, and sub
scribes to the motto of a famous German-American:
"When our country is
right, keep It right; If wrong, set -It
right." And while our organization by
reason of blood-kinship has sympa
thized in the past with the aspirations
of the Irish people, we have never
dreamed of advising the Irish nation
how it should govern itself, nor has
such advice ever been asked, for the
Irish people have demonstrated to the
world that they are capable of choosing
their own form of government and or
conducting their own governmental af
fairs, and In selecting leaders who have
made their country respectable the
For more than a generation the voice
of true Ireland, through its represen
tatives in the Parliament, assured the
people of Britain that the granting of
home rule meant peace in Ireland, pros
perity to its people and the forging
of a strong link in the unity of -the
empire. True Irishmen are not liars;
they know honor, for honor is a part
of the Irish character. They have made
a settlement of the Irish question sat
isfactory to themselves, and in that
settlement they did not consider the
venal press of America, nor the politi
cal barnstormers, nor the cracked-
brained agitators outside the zone of
danger. As an Irishman born, let me
say. Irishmen will quarrel among them
selves, may quarrel with certain stand-
pat Britishers, but it will be well for
outsiders not to meddle in the row, a
row that is of no concern to outsiders,
lest they get what they are not look
So that there may not be any mis
understanding let It be observed at this
time that the men and women who in
the past have really been the friends
of the Irish cause are not those now
Insulting John Redmond and his col
leagues, the laces of whose shoes they
are not worthy to tie. Politicians of
the popularity-seeking kind would do
well to leave the home rule question
where It belongs, In Ireland, and leave
the war In Europe where it belongs,, in
burope; men who advise sedition to
others hardly appeal to the patriotic
classes of their own country, when that
country needs the patriotic loyalty of
its own Sons. L. SHANAHAN.
Of National Executive Committee
United Irish League or America.
HE HAS NO CHANCE TO COME BACK
Canse for Thanksgiving Seen In Roose
velt's Political Oblivion.
PORTLAND, Nov. 24. (To the Edi
tor.) I notice that half a column was
given by The Oregonian to the plea
of David A. Glasgow that we give
Mr. Roosevelt a fair chance to .ret
on the Republican ballot and he will
carry the Union In 1916."
Apparently Mr. Glasgow has forgot
ten that Mr. Roosevelt In the recent
campaign stated unequivocally to Mr.
Andrew D. . White: "I shall not go
back to the Republican party." Or
perhaps he regards that as being In
the same class as a former statement
of the rule-or-ruin party-destroyer. In
which ho positively announced that
under no circumstances would he ac
cept a third term.
However, Mr. Roosevelt is one of the
handicaps which the Republican party
will be spared in the future. The rea
son for this blessing is set forth by
State Committeeman Charles H. Betts,
editor of the Lyons (N. Y.) Republi
can, who in a retrospective letter aent
Mr. Roosevelt the day after election
You cannot coma back. You must now bs
eonvlnced that in this moral, this civilized,
this enlightened age, the American people
do not regard party treason as a virtue.
when the Christians erect a monument to
perpetuate the memory of Judas lacariot
and the patriots erect a monument to per-
peuate the memory of Arnold, then, and not
until then, will you be welcomed back to
the ranks of the Hepublican party.
The Hepublican party, with a generous
hand, showered upon you all the honors
within Its sift. It nursed you from ob
scurity to world-wide fame, and then because
It denied you a third term the very thins
you pledged the American people that you
would not take you started out to assassin
ate that party, not only In the Nation but
In every slate In the Union. Your apostasy
has been characterized by a malignity,
vlclousnesa and a vlndlctlveneas unparalleled
la the political history of mankind.
This country has had but little to
be thankful for slnco the world's
champion egotist installed a Demo
cratlc free-trade Administration at
Washington, but on Thursday, from all
over this land, there will go up
prayers of thankfulness because the
cause or the disturbance is holding his
fang-extracted jaws in silence at Oy
ter Bay, there to remain indefinitely,
E. W. .WRIGHT.
Railroad Steamers Through Canal,
PORTLAND, Nov. .22. (To the Ed
itor.) In The Oregonian I noticed
news item headed, "Many Will Make
Canal Trip," in which It was stated
that the Great Northern Pacific Steam
ship Company's new steamers would
carry passengers through the Panama
Canal from Philadelphia to the Pa
cific Coast. If such is the case, how
do they get around the law? As
understand it, steamship companies
owned by railroads are not to have
the use of the Canal.
W. F. BENSON.
As the steamers in question are to
be operated solely on the Pacific
Coast and will make only an Initial
voyage from Philadelphia through the
Canal in order to reach this coast, the
Government probably takes the com
mon sense view that the carrying of
passengers through the Canal on this
Initial voyage alone is not a violation
of the spirit of the law.
'Kind Words Can Kcvtf Die."
New York Sun.
To the Editor of the Sun--Slr: The
kind words from the Administration to
the business interests of the country
remind me of the thrilling melodrama
entitled ''Nellie, the Beautiful Cloak
In the early part of the play the
villain pushed Nellie off the Brooklyn
Bridge. Later he threw her overboard
from an Atlantic liner. Later still he
thrust her under a descending elevator.
The next time they met, he said: "Nel
lie, wny ao you tear me;
Virtue of Punctuality.
Buffalo (N. Y.) Courier,
"Men are always late. I have waited
here since o'clock for my husband to
come, and It is now 7:30." "At what
hour were you to meet him?" asked
the woman who had joined her, "At
Swiss Aid for the Need,
London Tit Bits.
Switzerland spends more on relief
of the poor than does any other country.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oresonian, November SI, 1889.
Salem, Or., Nov. 20. The Methodist
Episcopal Church, of Dufur, Wasco
County, filed articles of Incorporation
today. E. T. Hinman. -W. E. Campbell
and A. B. Mott are the incorporators.
The location of the new City Hall was
again discussed at the meeting of the
Common Council last night. Mayor
De Lashmutt said that the Supreme
Court had decided that it could not be
built on the new plaza block.
Olympia, Nov. 20. The election or
John B. Allen and Watson C. Squire
as Washington's rirst United States
Senators was formally announced in the
joint convention of the two branches
of the Legislature today.
Deputy Sheriff Clarkson, or Yreka,
who captured the murderer Gibbs, hav
ing accomplished his duty by bringing
ine prisoner to Portland, is ready to
go home as soon as he receives the
reward for the capture. If thosa who
subscribed to the fund will leave their
subscription at the Oregon National
can today, Mr. Clarkson will be able
to leave this evening.
Deputy Prosecuting Attorney N. D.
Simon and Mrs. Simon have moved
into their new home, 497 E street.
Miss Mary Garner represented F. S.
Dunning, the undertaker, at the Busi
ness Men's Carnival given In the
Armory Hall last night by the Y. M.
C. A. She wore a costume made of
the satins and silks with which caskets
are trimmed. In her hands she bore
Forest Grove, Nov. 19. Ex-Governor
George L. Woods is much improved in
health. Governor Woods and his father
walked to the city and back today,
a distance of at least three-quarters of
Denver, Nov. 20. The series of games
in this city between St. Louis and
Boston clubs closed today. TThe score
stood 9 to 9 In the ninth Inning, when
the game was called on account of
London, Nov. 20. Captain Wissmann
telegraphs that H. M. Stanley, the
African explorer, arrived at Mpwapo
Washington. Nov. 20. Dr. Valente,
the Brazilian Minister, has rot yet
asked the United States to recognize
the United States of Brazil.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian. November 23. 1864.
C. N. Humiston. J. Y. Wilson and
George W. Stevens have published no
tice that they have dissolved the firm
of Humiston, Wilson & Company. C. N.
Humiston has purchased all Interests.
The ladies of Portland will hold a
fair for the benefit of the Christian
Commission, December 20 and 21, at
Turn Vereln Hall. Fanny Ainsworth,
secretary, is in charge of the plans and
John Thompson, Thomas G. Young
and W. H. Weed will be judges at the'
election for a chief engineer and two
assistant engineers for the tire depart
ment, to be held December 5. The call
for the election has just been issued
by President A. B. Hallock ana attested
by H. C. Coulson, secretary of the board
of delegates of the Portland fire de
partment. Julia Dean Hayne, eminent actress.
appeared last night at the Willamette
Theater In "Henry VIII."
John Libby, the former proprietor of
the huge warehouse now known land
used as Ltbby prison, Richmond, Is a
refugee from the Confederate despot
ism. He has long been suspected of
being diBloyal to the rebel cause.
The jury yesterday found Bledsoe
guilty or murder In the second degree
for killing Cavln. Hon. J. H. Mitchell.
attorney for the defendant, immedi
ately entered motion to set aside the
verdict and asked for a new trial.
Through the agent. James W. Ward.
The Orefronian has received an advance
copy of the "Cyclopedia of Commercial
and Business Anecdotes." Mr. Ward is
at the Western Hotel, Morrison and
Byron P. Cardwell, Assistant Assessor
of the Fourth Division, has issued a no
tice that the special Income list of taxes
assessed in Division 4, District of Ore
gon, under the Internal Revenue Law
approved June 30. 1864, is now open for
examination at bis office In Oregon
The President of the Republic of Li
beria, the Honorable Daniel Bashiell
Warner, is of unmixed African blood.
He is an able statesman, eloquent
speaker ajjd graceful writer. He is the
third President of the young- republic
now 17 years old.
PISGAII HOME IS IX GREAT XEED
Scope of Work Grewlng, hut Income
Falls Below Necessities.
PORTLAND, Nov. 24. (To the Ed
itor.) Will you kindly "open the
door" to Plsgah Home in this the com
ing yuletide. when the spirit of "peace
on earth, good will to all men" pre
vails? We In Pisgah Homo bring you
"glad tidings" while we are passinc
throuch a crisis, and have to live in
the most strenuous and meaner way.
Our men are looking up with hope,
trusting that an avenue is opening by
which we may eventually become self
supporting, also that these younprer
men may be enabled to get little
homes The love of home la stronjr in
every man's heart. The one obstacle
that hinders is the lack of food sup
ply to carry us while we work our
There are no returning revenues
from the stump land where we pro
pose to make our homes. Just now
our home is overflowing tables full,
beds full, men sleeping on chapel
floor. We have no money for rent,
no food supply, no maintenance fund,
but we must go on. God's promise is
"And shall put my spirit in you and
ye shall live"; "and shall place you in
your own land." "Then shall ye know
that I the Lord hath spoken It and
performed it." Ezekiel S4-14.
Baby Brightens si Household.
New York Globe.
"How's the baby?" asked the neigh
bor of the new father. "Fine," said
the proud parent. "Don't you find that
a baby brightens up a household won
derfully?" pursued the friend. "Yes,"
said the parent, with a sigh, "we have
the gas goinp most of the night now."
Shop Early and
Those who do their Christmas
shopping early enjoy the best choice.
Goods are fresher and salespeople
There is time to inspect and to
choose at leisure time to buy
A glance through the advertising
in The Oregonian will show how
well the stores have prepared for
the coming holidays.
Make out your list of gift sug
gestions with the aid of the adver
tising and you will find it a great