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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 24, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONIA1S', TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 24, 1914.
l ' PORTLAND. OREGON.
Entered at Portland. Oregon, Postofflce a.
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WRTLASD, TTTESDAT, NOV.. 24, 1914.
THE HOII WAR.
Tho Holy "War which Turkey has
proclaimed is not likely to prove very
destructive to her enemies or very
holy. The spirit of the modern world
has to a certain extent penetrated
even into Turkey and the Orient, and
In face of that spirit with Its sneering;
doubts, its cynicism and its contempt
for superstition it has become ex
tremely difficult to enlist the . 300.
600,000' followers of Mohammed in a
war which does not concern the
greater part of them.
The holy wars which Mohamme
dans have fought in the past with re
lentless ardor and united ranks have
been for the propagation of the faith.
They have been inspired by the loft
iest religious zeal and led by devoted
followers of the Prophet. This one is
to e fought, not for the doctrines of
the Koran, but to bolster up German
and Austrian power. It Is officered,
not by burning disciples of the faith,
but by Christian Germans.
Under these unpromising condi
tions the holy war seems a trifle dif
ficult to get started and we may per
mit ourselves to believe that even if
it should be started it would soon
flicker out. Orientals of the modern
Mohammedan type are not particu
larly persevering in the enterprises
which concern them most dearly. We
can hardly expect to see them fight
long and bitterly for other people's
benefit. The fact that a man is a
Mohammedan doos not necessarily
imply that any beribboned militarist
who happens along can make a fool
Another difficulty in tho way of
the holy war is the dislike of the
Turk throughout the Moslem world.
The Arabs are- usually in open revolt
against him and will be likely to take
advantage of his present Involvement
to capture Mecca and other points In
the Arabian peninsula. The Moham
me dans of Hindostan pay fealty to
the Shah of Persia, instead Pf the
Turk, Jn fact, there Is no common
head of the Mohammedan world to
day who can in any proper sense issue
the call to a holy war.
The call of the Turk, partial and
comparatively ineffective as It must
be In- any case. Is still further para.
)y?ed by warnings and exoeptions.
The faithful must , do nothing against
the infidel Italians In Tripoli. They
must spare their old foes, the Aus
trians. They must submit to the Ger
man drillmaster. It is not the blaz
ing zeal of religion that is to fire their
souls, but the dry orders of the Teu
tonic manual of arms. We should
not expect a holy war thus guided to
kindle any great conflagration in the
Mohammedan world. JTo doubt it
may make some trouble for the
French in Morocco and for the Brit
ish in Egypt. India la not likely to
be disturbed, and, by express orders
from Constantinople, Italy is not -to
Very likely the holy war wiJJ flat-?
ten out entirely before a great while.
Meanwhile the Mohammedan faith,
which Is still ftllve and aggressive tn
Central Africa, will go on winning its
legitimate victories regardless alike
of the KaUer's Interests and the stu
pid commands of the Sultan.
. WHY Tlirc THIRD PARTY FATJU&P.
Amos Pinchqt now admits what all
keen, cqol political observers foresaw
frpm the birth of the Progressiva
party that t contained, within itself
conflicting elements which would
bring about Its destruction.
There were the radicals, who saw in
the unrest among the advanced wings
of both old parties an opportunity to
form a new liberal party after the
were the disgruntled trust magnates, !
.... -. . ii. ... i . I.... mL
whq wished to get back at Mr, Taft
for prosecuting them. There were, the
idolatrous admirers of Colonel Roose
velt, who were ready to follow wher
ever he led. Finally, there was "the
Colenel himself, whose egotism had
been mortally offended, whose ambt,
tion was unbounded and who believed
he could perform the impossible feat
of keeping tha two first-named ele
ments united in one party, though
contending for- diametrically opposed
Of course the Perkins faction, hay
ing put up the money, IngisteuJ p.n get'
ng something for it, and, as too, of ten
happens when money and ideas con-
flict, money got control. The men of
ideas then got out of the party and
left money the shell. When - Mr.
Roosevelt openly allied himself with
the money crowd, hosts of his wor
Bhipers became disillusionized and de
serted, for they had believed he was
devoted to the radical Idea.
There is no room in this country for
a conservative and a liberal party after
the European model, for the simple
reason that a frankly conservative
party could get no following pf any
consequence. The conflict In his
country is between the National Ideal
and the more or less disguised sepa
ratist or sectional ideal, between indi
vidual opportunity of free play and
the more or less disguised socialism
Which cramps the individual's activity
and puts him grandmotherly Jead
Within the party championing each
Of these ideals there always have been
and, always will be two factions can,
Servatiye and progressive. When one
gets too much of its own way the
' pther temporarily secedes to the other
party or forms a third party, but the
factions always come together again.
This is what happened with the Re
publican party in 1912. The seceders
are now coming back. After their re
turn the conservative element will
have less of its own way than it for
merly had and the progressive element
will hold sway until it Overplays Its
hand. Than in some way or other, as
to the general facts, history will re
A FT EH SEVEX MONTHS.
With flying flags and beating
drums, seven months ago President
Wilson dispatched American troops
and an American fleet to Mexico. Wa
had been insulted and Huerta was to
be forced to salute. The American
forces captured Vera Crua and occu
pied it; and then there was Intervene
tfon, and we- wriggled out of tha con
sequences of a war which we began.
Now we withdraw wholly from armed
participation in Mexican affairs.
' Huerta has not saluted, and we
leave Mexico worse off than when
we took offense at a trifling incident,
after Ignoring wholly all other seri
Nothing has been accomplished by
our brass-band advance upon Mexico
and our inglorious retirement, except
to notify all factions that they can
kill, ravish, pillage, burn, devastate
and rob until the last dollar is stolen
and the last man, woman and child
Now Villa advances upon Mexico
City. He is the man of the hour.
Huerta has slain one. man, but Villa
his thousands. Wo don't like murder
in retail; but your wholesale mur
derer we encourage and will doubt
less "recognize," when the time
WHAT ABOUT SCHOOL. TAX LEVY?
Undoubtedly it will be desirable to
have a trades school and undoubtedly
the merits of the demand of the Haw
thorne district for new grounds and a
new school building are strong; but
the greatest need of the taxpayers
now is lower taxes.
School Director Sommer says the
public schools can Jbe maintained for
the ensuing- year on a levy of 4.8 mills
and their efficiency will not in any
way be impaired. He is not in agree
ment with a majority of the Board,
which recommends 5 mills. A levy
of 5 mills will not only be sufficient
for maintenance, but will permit of
certain improvements and extensions,
Including the trades school plan.
Do the people of Portland think
this is the time to embark on the
trades school project? If so, let them
turn out tP the annual taxpayers'
meeting tonight and vote a 0-.mil
levy. If not let them approve the
,8-mill )evy. . Doubtless tho Board
will find a way during tha year to
take care of the pressing requirements
of the Hawthorne district.
The schools pf Portland cost now
five times what they cost ten years
ago, It is a tremendous Increase. It
has been made Inevitable, doubtless,
by tha demands of school patrons for
enlarged service and better equip
ment. But tt Is time now to devise
ways and means by whlph the public
schools shall poet less, rather than
If tho taxpayers of Portland remain
away from the annual meeting to
night, and find that interested and
enthusiastic promoters of certain
school enterprises have attended and
have raised the levy, they will have
themselves to blame for the result.
, MONEY GRUDOH) TO SAVE LIKE.
Congress has millions to vote for
worthless river and harbor improve
ments, for public buildings in vil
lages, for useless Army pqsta and
Navy yards, but it grudges money for
coast surveys which would inform
ship captains pf hidden dangers." "For
that purpose last year tt voted only
1170,000 and compelled the Coast and
Geodetic Survey tq continue its work
With three obsolete vessels, which pan
make only eight knots of speed in
smooth water and are unsafe in the
open sea. These vessels range in age
from thlrtyt:eight to fifty-nine years.
They have no modern appliances for
their work, pop adequate accommoda
tions for their crows.
There is most - urgent need of sur
veys along the Alaska Coast, for that
coast a infested with" hidden rocks
and reefs. The only notiee a ship has
of the existence of tha majority of
these perils pomes when a sharp
pointed rock stabs her hull or when
she mns pn a hidden reef.' Tho in
formation is usually gained at the cost
of ha Uvea of all on board, to say
nothing of ship and cargo. Since the
great, disooverles of gold in Alaska
and Yukon Territory, probably a
score of vessels and hundreds of Jives
have been Jost n this manner in Al
When wa have these faeta in mind.
and they are notorious to every
dweller on the pacific Coasts Secre
tary Redfield seems p have ex
pressed them mildly when he paid in
his annual report;
"The attitude of tha Government
toward the Coast and Geodetic Pur
" k-JT Z Z J V 7.,
vey has been like that of a wealthy
and prosperous man refusing to give
his' children the necessaries pf life'
He might, without exaggeration,
have said that Congress is construc
tively guilty pf manslaughter every
time a life la lost by shipwreck on tho
hidden perils of the Alaskan Coast.
A laONpiTElffT TQ BPAUT-PINQ,
Tha Presbyterian churches, ef the
Pacific Northwest have undertaken
the worthy project of erecting a monr
ument to H. H". Spaulding, he friend
an4 coworker of pr, Marcus Wnitr
man. Kantian, Idaho, is to be the
site of the memorial, since it was
there that Spaulding 'chiefly labored.
Both the missionary and his devoted
wife lie buried there. Tq raise funds
for the monument a freewill offering
will be taken In the Presbyterian
churches on Sunday, November 29.
The propeeds should be large, for the
proposed monument will commemor
rate a historical event of the first
Importance. Marcus Whitman en
tered the missionary field at Walla
Walla in response to a call from the
Indians themselves, The 'work was
far more promising at that point th&n
in the Willamette Valley because the
natives were superior in mind and
body, while they had already shown
a favorable feeling toward Christian
ity. The Indians with whom Jason
Le and his fellow-workers had to
deal at Salem wero a fnlseraple stock
and the missionaries were perfectly
Justified in giving them up as hope
less after a few years.
Whitman and Spaulding never had
adequate resources for their work.
Their funds were scanty and their
equipment poor. Still they labored
faithfully and at first with encourag
ing success. The natives heard their
message gladly and some were con
verted. Industries were established,
such as a mill and various shops, and
irrigation works were begun. There
is no doubt whatever that if things
had continued as they began Whit
man would, have laid, the foundations
of a great mission station in tha In
land Empire. , ,.
But bis lack of means contributed
to lose him tha respect of tho natives,
who, like children, are greatly im
pressed by outward show. Ha made
a heroio Journey to the East in quest
of aid, but without result. Many other
causes conspired to diminish his in
fluence and stir up discord among the
Indians. Dissension deepened to hos
tility and the end of it all was the
terrible Whitman massacre which
blackens ' the early pages of Oregon
But faithful work should never ba
forgotten, and both Whitman and his
associates should be adequately com
memorated by the churches for which
IXMIKINO OH TO Ull.
The Chicago Evening Post, an enthusiastic-
f lag-bearer for tho recent
Progressive party, with an eye to tho
future, has prepared and offers the
following list of Republican "presi
New York Charles E. Hughea, Associate
Judge of the Supreme Court; Governor-Elect
Whitman, George 13. Cortelyou.
Ohio Theodore E. Burton, Myron T. Her
rick, Governor-Elect Willis and Senator
Illinois- Jamas R. Mann, Republic
leader of tha House,
Missouri .Former Governor Herbert B.
Indiana Charles W. Fairbanks, former
Iowa Albert B. Cummin. "
Michigan Senator William Alden Smith.
Idaho William E. Borah.
Pennsylvania Governor Brumbaugh.
Evidently the Post does not con
sider William Howard Taft a "Presi
dential possibility" and it seems to
have no idee, that ex-president Roose
velt has any following whatever
among Republicans. Mr. Roosevelt
has recently described himself as the
"privatest . of private citizens." He
knows. Mr. Taft is wise enough, to
understand that J.916 is not to be his
year of resurrection.
There are great names in the Post's
list, not the least of which is Justice
FORCE TO MAINTAIN PEACE.
" A communication which Tho Ore
gonian publishes in another column
furnishes additional evidence that ex
treme pacificists refuse to recognize
the oft-proved fact that the only real
guaranty of peace is not treaties, but
the force behind treaties. There are
two types pf peace advecates. -The
one maintains that we should rely
solely pn treaties and should not arm
for . their maintenance and tor our
defense. The other maintains that a
treaty's chief strength eonsietg in the
physical force available for its en
forcement, and that a nation's best
defense is its preparedness to resist
wropg anc, aggression. Tho former
type of men assumes that no nation,
having signed a treaty, will violate It.
The latter insist that a treaty is no
Stronger thn tho physical force be-!
The present war incontestable
proves the former type pf men to be
hopelessly wrong arid, tho latter typo
to be inoontestably right. Had trea
ties been held sacred, the present war
and the two Balkan wars pf which it
is the climax would not have been
begun. They were violated because
tha offending nations believed they
could be violated with Impunity. Had
all "the other nations which signed
them notified the offender that they
would units in. war against Jt as pun
ishment for the offense, and had they
made it plain that they meant busi
ness, the offense would not have been
committed pr full amends would
have been made. ,
Practically all the great nations of
the world were parties to the Hague
peace treaties. - In defiance of those
treaties a neutral state has been in
vaded, undefended towns have been
bombarded from land and air, hos
tages have been taken and shot,
forced levies exacted, houses do
stroyed and pillaged, the Red Cross
used as a cover for hostilities, the Red
Cross fired on when legitimately used,
mines scattered at sea to the peril
and destruction of neutraj ships.
Each group of combatants has been
accused by the other of these crimes.
Not one, of the many neutral nations
which were parties to the Hague
treaties has protested against their
flagrant violation, much less even
hinted at a resort tq force for their
The belligerent nations knew this
would be so, therefore they have re
garded tho treaties as worthless
scraps of paper. Had they been in
formed; at the putbreak of war by the
United States and all the neutral
nations of Europe and America
which signed those treaties that tho
belligerent nation which was guilty of
the first violation would have to face
the united armies and navies of all
these neutrals, there would have been
few violations and the guijty. Individ-:
uals wpuld probably have been pun
ished by their own governments, pro
vided tha neutral nations which made
this threat had been equipped with
armies and navies adequate to make
it good and had acted in thorough
unison, tha threat would have been
sufficient and tho armies and navies
would not have been called into
A parallel ean be found in the his
tory of the West. When the outlaws
of pioneer days In California and
Montana terrorized the country and
there was no law to restrain them,
those citizens who wished to make
life and property secure did not in
vite tho outlaws into conference and
ask them to sign an agreement to
mend their ways. The good citizens
knew well that, if made, such an
agreement would not be observed.
They capture4 and hanged or shot the
outlaws, then established courts, and
behind those courts they put the phy
sical power pf Bneriiis, ponce ana
There are outlaws among nations
as there are among men, but there la
no. law to restrain them because the
treaties which are presumed to con
stitute international law have nq
sheriff, police or militia to back them
up. Tha West has become peaceful
and law-abiding because force has
been put behind tha law.. The world
can be made peaceful and law-abiding
in the same way, and in no other.
Until law was established in the West
every good citizen earried a gun for
defense because every bad citi.zen cars
ried a gun for attack. Until law la
established among nations, every
peaceful nation must be armed for
defense because every outlaw nation
is armed. When the nations unite in
creating an international code of law,
with a court to administer It, and
When they league together for the
enforcement of the decrees pf that
court by the combined might ef their
armies and navies, each nation can
safely reduce Its armed force to the
proportions sufficient to furnish its
quota pf an international police, just
as the good citizens ef the West have
generally laid aside their guns and
left the preservation of peace to po
lice and sheriffs. The Oregonian
would speed tho day when disarma
ment is thus made compatible with
safety. Militarism for glory or con
quest it despises as strongly as do the
most ardent peace advocates.
The assumption that the arming of
a nation is an irresistible temptation
to use tha army In war is not war
ranted by the facts. Not only the
European nations which are at war,
but those 'which remain neutral, are
armed. They keep the peace because
in almost every instance their govern
ments are under popular control. This
Is true of Italy, Holland,' Denmark,
Norway, Sweden and , Switzerland.
Great Britain was drawn into the war
because it was inadequately armed
and because, knowing this, . it made
such strenuous efforts for peace " as
to mislead Germany Into giving a
provocation which could not honor
ably bo ignored. Had Great Britain
been as well prepared to fight on land
as on sea, this provocation would
probably not have been given and the
war might have been avoided..
Late statistics show that the num
ber of paupers in the United States
Is decreasing In proportion to the
population. This would indicate a
healthy tendency in the distribution
of wealth. The average citizen of the
United States is worth $1400, but pf
course there are thousands above that
figure and far too many below it. The
happy medium is the true goal and
we seem to be approaching it.
Dr. Bode ,of the Berlin Museum is
not tempted by the opportunities of
war to favor spoliation of art treas
ures. He says each nation ought to
keep its own art creations. This con
veys a lesson to American million
aires as well as to conquering armies.
Let our plutocrats encourage art at
home Instead of plundering European
Tho Chileans are a spunky nation,
almost as alert and active as the Jap
anese. We doubt if it was wise in the
German naval officers to offend them.
To be sure the need was pressing for
a naval base, but it still pays, even in
modern war, to pay some respect to
national susceptibilities. -
No doubt Wilson and Bryan breathe
easier now that tho American troops
are homeward bound. A peace-at-any-prlce
policy Is a difficult one to
maintain In a cold, hard, common
place world where there are armies
and actual conditions ever on hand to
flout pretty theories.
Tho new statue of Lincoln In Par
liament Square, London, Js to be a
replica of the St. Gaudens statue in
Chicago which is said to be one of
the artist's finest works. The London
monument to our great President will
commemorate the Century of Peaca.
Civilization owes as much to the
small nations as to tho big ones. All
Greece was hardly as large as an
American state, but our debt to it is
Incalculable. Switzerland, Florence,
Holland, Venice, what would history
bo without their contributions?
Judge McGinn's hope of a United
States of Europe, with Ireland as a
prominent division, merits a. predic
tion. The State of Erin Willi furnish
the leaders, and, by the same token,
all being natural-born politicians,
they will run tho nation-
Abandonment oT Mexico means
that the $10,000,000 has been thrown
away. That is one-tenth of the nec
essary war tax, and material for a
plank of a 1916 platform.
Governor West's proclamation neg
lects tp mention one of the principal
things Oregon has to be thankful for
this year. Still ho hints at tha mysx
tery In his signature.
The loafer who "rather would pan
handle' and live on B-cent meals than
put cordwood la to ba commended for
being candid, but needs tha boot of
It is estimated that an ample
Thanksgiving day repast may be pur
chased for ?.50 this year. That is,
pf course, if you have the 12. SO.
It cpst more than a score of lives
and $10,000,000 to make the puerile
Vera Crya bluff. What has resulted
that Justified the sacrifice?
Tha German fleet is again reported
to bp ready to go forth and fight. If
that report persists wo shall keep it
in stereotyped form.
T?ll.aRl ftnn sit n n f o-Vi i r. or lnnv
enough to use harsh measures with
revolutionists. This is not a time to
Two days to Thanksgiving. Ara
you investigating in your neighbor
hood or are you letting the Muts do
all the work?
Rcallv. now is not the Ivn lner nlav-
ing horse with England when he
speaKS or eaung tjnrisimas amner in
Tho big battle now raging in Rus
sian Poland will be written in large
type on the pages of history.
Tho American flag was hauled
down at Vera Crua. And without
having been saluted, either.
It is claimed the. Germans have a
gun that parries thirty miles. AH ot
which we believe not.
Mexico and Colorado will be on
par when the Federal troops are
withdrawn. . -
If you want to be sure of a great
Tranksgiving dinner, get la jail W-
gome pf those Petrograd dispatches
read like a joke In tho Monday Craw
fish. How Jong wjll It bo before Ameri
can troops have to return- to Mexico?
A Japanese army of Half a million
will try to jiu-jitsu tho Kaiser.
Every hairless dog in Mexico will
yelp at the departing Gringo.
Now the British airmen ara giving
the Germans &. scare.
Watch poor pld Mexico beat on the
rocks from, now on.
The day of turkey and pigskin ap
proaches swiftly. v
rjomebody Is lying -either in, Berlin
Half a Century Age
From The Oreponlan, Nov. 2z, 1604. I
Tha case of the State of Oregon
versus Madison Bledsoe, on a chare: of
murder, came up in the Circuit Court
yesterday. E. W. Hodgkinson, Dis
trict Attorney, and George H- Williams
appeared for the prosecution of J. H.
Mitchell, L. F. Mosher and J. F. McCoy
appeared for the defendant. The fol
lowing jurors were chosen: Andrew
Tullen. Lot Ellis, William Birch, Nathan
Robinson. J. Hilaman, Martin Gillihan,
J. D. Dickenson, John Terwilliger, Will
lam Love. 6tephen Robarts. Washington
Allen and E. Askern. Five witnesses
were examined and the case will be
A, Seeley, who lives three miles out
of this city, this year raised two po
tatoes, of the Blue Kidney- and Red
vareties, which, together, weigh four
After a jury had been obtained for
the Bledsoe trial yesterday. Judge Shat
tuck discharged the rest of the jurors
A Medical Institute Is shortly to be
established, in this city, as a branch
under the charter of Pacific University.
It is understood that they will erect a
fine edifice as a meeting hall.
' Boston, Nov. 19. A "Wear Your Last
Winter's Overcoat" movement has been
organized in this city. Sixty to 100
is the present price of the garments
Salem, Nov. 21. The Congregational
Society of Salem today gave a part do
nation party for their pastor. Rev. O.
Dickinson. They collected $150 in
money, and $200 in gifts.
The steamer Wilson G. Hunt was de
tained a short time on her usual round
yesterday, owing to the prevalence of
high winds on the Columbia.
ARMAMENT AS PEACE GUARANTY
It la Declared Futile For Purpose and
Sore Cause of Wtr,
ELLENSBURG, Wash., Nov. 21. (To
the Editor.) I regret the stand taken
by Tho Oregonian on the United States
preparing for war. When tho Euro
pean struggle broke out the futility
of armaments aspeace guarantees was
repeatedly emphasized. wo tnougnt
the armament fiends completely routed.
blown up, as it were. But we were
mistaken. Out of the turmoil these
militarists arise more potent than ever.
If England had been as well prepared
for war as Germany there would now
be no war." Indeed I When the pur
chase of the Idaho and Mississippi by
the Greeks postponed the strained re
lations of their country and tha Turks,
the Scientific American, whlcn publi
cation firmly and persistently pleads
for a big navy, declared another In
stance showed -that a more powerful
navy was a guaranty of peace! tor
sooth! These militarists cannot see.
or will not. that increase of arma
ments to outmatch a rival does cut in
cite that rival to outmatch him. And
so tha struggle goeo on until, like a
child's building of blocks. It must
succumb under its own top-heaviness,
for war preparations are not self-sup
porting nor producers. And I for one.
though I hate war, am not entirely
sorry to see the war, if it do but
stor, this mad race.
Tha Oregonian baa a spicnaia article
about two weeks ago In a Sunday sup
plement entitled, "How a Strong Da
fenBe Invites Attack, or the Psychol
ogy of War." peace between nations
must be founded on tha golden rule
and the United States might as well
set the lead as any. Had Germany
voluntarily surrenderoa 'renpn'Speaa-
injr Alsace-Lorraine, soma years pacic,
when the nations met at xne agu
and oeace was in the air. Franco today
would ba lauding Germany to the
skies. This way universal paaea Has,
not by following In the footsteps of
WAH,NEWS APM1RABJ.V HANDLED.
Subscriber Appreciates Daily Summary
and Fairness of JCdltorlals.
PORTLAND, Nov. 23.-(To the Edl
tor.) Perhaps tt would not ba out of
place at this time to show my appreci
ation of the excellent way in which The
Oregonian has furnished news of the
European war. The editorials have
baep so well written, clear and un
biased that, in my opinion, no one could
take offense. I also wish to thank The
Oregonian for the column devoted to
"War Moves." In that column you ex
plain in a concise and interesting way
the latest news ana onng together an
the important events, so that one can
understand very easily how the war is
progressing from day to day.
The absence of glaring headlines
shows an earnest desire to remain calm
and thoughtful and not unduly excite
t believe The Oregonian compares
more favorably in Its general appear
ance, in the artistic way in which the
headlines ara arranged, In the paper
and the printing, than many of
the newspapers I have seen from New
York, Washington and the Old Coun
try. ROBERT S. BEATON,
893 Jackson Street.
Society Grateful te Celaacl Hoier.
PORTLAND, Nov. 21. (Te the Edi
tor.) Referring te a special from
Monmouth, "in whieh Colonel B. Hofer,
of Salem, is charged with "Open and
flagrant work In the Interest of the
saloon in the recent campaign against
prohibition." I wish to make the fol
lowing statement of fact:
As campaign secretary for the Tem
perance Society of the Methodist
Church', I Invited Colonel Hofer to par
ticipate in a joint debate with Dr. Clar
ence TrT10 Wilson, our National Secre
tary. These gentlemen conducted a
similar Rebate in 1910, and. these dis
cussions were appreciated by both
Bides. When Dr. Wilson was called
East these debates were continued
with representatives of our society
taking Dr. Wilson's place. When Colo
nel Hofer accepted our Invitation to
debate this question wa regarded it as
a favor to our cause and. to the Meth
odist Temperance Society, as we con
sider him the ablest man In the field
helping te create public interest in the
campaign. M. C. REED.
Editorial Is Appreciated.
PORTLAND, Nov. 23. (To the Edi-
tor.)-7-rl wish to express my gratitude
to you lor tha editorial, "Old Freedom
Set at Naught," in The Oregonian Sun
day. Nov. ii. That article, if published
in every newspaper of the status of
The Oregonian in the United States,
without a single qualification with
thq possible exception of capitalizing
the word "negro" would do more for
humanity and" the .cause pf demorcacy
than a billion dollars spent in well-
meaning philanthropy and the victories
on a thousand battlefields.
The moral courage shown in giving
the slap in the face to a well-estabr
lished publio sentiment overwhelms me
with gratification and renews my faith
in our representative citizens.
L. B. STEWART.
No. 83$ Tibbetts St.
Word Is Pronounced,
HALSET, Or., Nov. 22.-(To the
Editor. )- Kindly give the correct pro
nunciatlon of the word "wounded,1
meaning "injured."' If there is more
than one. kindly give preference.
Th pronunciation 'Voonded" decid
edly prevails in tha best current usage.
but "wounded," pronouncing the "ou"
as in "out'' is permissible.
"SWAN SONG" BY AMOS PIXCHOT.
He Admits And Explains Failure of tbe
Amos Pinchot has written for tha
magazine "The Masses." an article en
titled "The Failure of the Progressive
Party," which party he helped to found.
It is an explanation of the party's fail
ure which does not -mince matters in
censuring the other leaders. It admits
at the outset that "until a new and
mora social conception of politics
dawns upon tho party leaders, the Pro
gressive party will ba dead as a na
tional force: in fact it will seem almost
unnatural that it should ba about at
Mr. Pinchot maintains that "a new
party has no place in the United States
unless it represents radicalism," and
that its only chance was to make an
appeal to the public "founded on the
proposition that there is a real social
problem in the United States, and that
this problem can only ba solved by a
long and constructive campaign of
thoughtful but essentially radical
statesmanship, . . . or it should
have kept its fingers put of the pie."
He accuses it of having "under blind
leadership" followed "a shallow middle-of-the-road
eoure." of having
"contented itself with a series of unob
jectionable reforms, supposedly adapted
to vote-getting from all quarters," ot
carrying a "withered and decidedly suspicious-looking
olive branch to labor
and oapltal and to democracy and oli
garchy alike." He says It has "many
leaders of real public spirit and high
ability," but It was "not really a politi
cal party but rather a political faction,"
drawing its support "leas from the ad
herence of ideas than from the per
sonal followers of a man," having been
founded "on tha great personality and
popularity of Theodore Roosevelt; and
its fall has gone far to prove that a
personal following is not enough to
constitute a party."
Mr. Pinchot deplores the fall of the
Progressive party as "a lamentabli.
event" and says that "to thousands of
earnest men and women, who enlisted
for what they supposed was a campaign
against privilege and Injustice, it has
been a tragedy." They told each other
that a dream had coma true and they
meant what they said, But "they be
gan to realize that- the line of march
had been changed." Mr. Pinchot con
tinues: They had supposed the slst of the situ a
tlon in Amerloa ths eau.ie of our social an
rest and agltatlon-waa the concentration of
wealth and power In a few hands of a few
people. They had believed that the advance
of democracy In this country meant the es
tablishment of a Juater distribution of
wealth and ower, and that this was th
fundamental consideration upon which the
new party was founded.
But within a few months from the party's
birth, all this was ' altered. A new atmos.
phere beean to pervade Its councils. The
fight against privilege was abandoned, so
far as National headquarters was concerned.
Anyone who now talked about "privilege" or
tne alBtrlbutlon or wealth, was called a vis
ionary or a doctrinaire. In -the disputes be
tween the eonsumer and the trusts, between
labor and the trusts, and between capital and
labor, headquarters either kept silent or
lee teak the side of capita).
The rank and file and tho radical
leaders thus found themselves opposed
to the dominating influence, which
"financed the party from the beginning
to the end, controlled party machinery
and furnished backing, largely in pro
portion to willingness of the state or
ganisations to stand only for principles
and Individuals that were friendly or
at least neutral to large industrial in
terests." A pamphlet propaganda "was
organized by headquarters, which In
cluded bitter denunciation of everyone
lnofde or outside the party who would
not admit that monopoly was tho peo
ple's best friend." Mr. Roosevelt's auto
biography contained "a further and ex
ceedingly influential defense of the
monopoly principle In general and of
the steel Corporation In particular."
Mr. Pinchot says he wrote a number
of. letters to Mr, Roosevelt In which he
said the party would have to change Its
pro. trust position and eliminate the
tendencies summed up in Mr. Parkins'
leadership "or else cease to hope for
popular support" and he makes the fol
lowing quotation from Mr. Roosevelt's
I believe that ths spirit, however honest.
which prompts tha assault upon Perkins, is
the spirit wblch, if It becomes dominant In
the party, means that from that moment it
Is an utter waste of time to expect any
good from tha party whatsoever, and that
the party will at one sink, and deservedly
sink. Into an unimportant adjunct ot the
Debs movement or some other similar move
ment. Recent events show, says Mr. Pin
chot, that the spirit of democracy never
did become dominant in the party, "ut
terances from headquarters drifted
more and more tnte old-time political
lines and all issues but personal ones
were practieally abandoned." He finds
the consequences in the fact that in
New York the Progressives "failed to
eiect an important candidate of any.
Kind,' while the Socialists elected a
Representative in Congress from a
strong Tammany district and the pro
hibitionists polled twice as many votes
as the Progressives for Governor. He
admits that his party would have been
defeated, "even if it had stood on a real
platform instead of on a well meaning
but unmeaning collection of plati
tudes," but he finds comfort In the
statement that "a few independent
spirits did break away and campaigned
for principles which offered the com
munity hope of ultimata economic re
lief." He cites as instances Francis J,
Honey, who polled 1(0,000 votes in Cal
ifornia "on. the issues of government
ownership ot railroads and of all tha
baslo sources ef energy, such as oil and
coal and water power;" Gilford Pinohot
In Pennsylvania, who polled over a
Quarter of a million votes on a plat
form including government control of
Pennsylvania's anthracite mines and a
general anti-monopoly policy, and this
in tne lace or America g most powerful
Mr. Pinchot then says:
A new party, supporting issue worth
fighting for, cannot expect to win Immed
iately. But, if from tbe beginning, tha Pro
gressive Party bad adapted a policy con
sistent with tbe aspiration of Justice which
gave It birth; if more of Its leaders had sat
down and asked what the social problem in
America consisted of, and bow te solve this
problem, irrespective ot immediate success
at the polls, instead of asking, as did the
majority of them, what political Issues were
in- iuvii Mucijr iv win, " wnas super
ficial economic reforms could be championed
without running foul of special privilege
if this course had been followed we would
have laid the foundation of a real party.
Mourning over the downfall of his
hopes, Mr. Pinchot becomes satirical.
saying: "The progressive programme
naa pometning or everything In It, from
the care of babies to the building of
a Direnoaric canoe.
"It was the expression of social asT
piration, but not of a social pro
gramme. "If In a Progressiva party you find
the Steel or Harvester Trusts, carrying
its financial burden and directing its
policies, it is not proof but it is at
least suggestive of a certain dilution
Answering tho charge that radical
proposals are visionary, Mr. Pinchot
says nothing he ever heard "from the
wildest radical exceeds in visionary im
practicability the proposition of main
taining a third party, standing for
nothing more concrete than a general
aspiration of demooraey. and rJnanciaU
ly fathered by representatives of the
commercial interests which the public
most thoroughly distrusts."
- - ' - ---' - - i.m
Mnsslea TVise Precaution,
PORTLAND, Nov. 2L-(To the Edi-tor.)-As
your informant was return
ing from up the country around Donald,
Hubbard and Aurora, Or., I saw in The
Oregonian an article headed "Unmuz
zling of Dogs." I think it very unwise
to revoke the ordinance, as hydro
phobia has broken out near Donald,
Or., oa the Oregon Eleetric line. Therst
Yergon's dog has a well-developed case
of hydrophobia and has bitten a little
girl. A SUBSCRIBER.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
(From The Oregoalan, Nov. 20, 1688.)
Olympia, Wash.. Nov. 19 John B.
Allen, of Walla Walla, and Watson C.
Squire, of Seattle, were today elected
as Washington's first United States
Senators. Allen was the first to be
Marriage licenses have been issued to
P. C. Malcolm and Hattie A. Davis;
Charles J. Matz and Meda A. Kutschan;
Nicholas Klein and Orella Fenton;
Charles F. Bellman and Hattie O. R. E.
Dagley; W. F. Wlegand and Anna El
fers; J. B. Galupi and Georgie Trainer;
and Jacob Kline and Ada R. Gosa. Ada
being but 15 years old and her mate 34,
her stepfather. Jacob Gosa, gave his
written consent to the marriage.
Hartford, Conn.. Nov. 19. Mrs.
Harriet Beecher Stowe is said to be
mildly demented. It is reported that a
few days ago she wandered out on the
streets, talking to herself as she tot
tered weakly along. A Jeering crowd
of street boys followed her. She was
taken home by a friend.
H. E. Gibbs was arraigned before
Judge Stearns yesterday on a charge of
murder. He entered a plea of "not guil
ty." His trial was set for Dec. 10. The
prisoner has retained Judge Caplcs as
Complaint is made that tha steal
bridge is not well lighted there being
but two lamps all the way from G
street to the East Side.
Postmaster Roby received a dispatch
yesterday stating that the stage be
tween Ager and Klamath was held up
Monday night and the mall robbed. No
particulars were given.
The entertainment given by St. Da
vid's Church Guild, East Portland, last
night was a crowning success. The
recitations by Miss Jennie Blodgett da
serve special mention.
Newport, Or., Nov. 17. Lightning
today struck the old lighthouse build
ing occupied by J. S. Polhemus. Gov
ernment engineer. The building was
badly splintered and the furniture de
molished. Mra. Polhemus and, her child
OCR GOVERNMENT NEEDS TEP"
Wilson Supporter Will Next Vote for
Roosevelt If n Ticket.
PORTLAND. Or.. Nov. 23. (To the
Editor.) 1 have always been a reader
of, rather than a writer for, the papers,
but, believing the interests of both are
mutual, I will try to express my own
opinions instead of absorbing those of
I am one of those voters who are said
to rise and fall like the tide or Jump
hither and yon like the proverbial kan
garoo. If anyone thinks there is no
stability to a voter of that character
let me assure him that that man is a
danger to one who thinks he has a
vested right in a given office.
My first vote was cast as a youth of
21 for McKinley, breaking the tradi
tions of my own family, which was
Democratic. I was proud of that vote
because I believed McKinley a states
man of the first water.
In 1912 I was for Wilson in prefer
ence to Taft or Roosevelt. I believed
him the best man. I was against Taft
because ha was weighed and found
wanting; against Roosevelt because I
believed him dangerous. I believed him
as much with tho trusts, as deep n
tlfe mire as Taft, with this difference:
Taft was out and out, while Roosevelt
was masquerading as a Progressive and
a friend of the people, at the same time
receiving the subsidies for his cam
paign from Messrs. Munsey, Perkins,
I believe Mr. Wilson has been free
from any strings. He can't be worked,
unless It is by his Secretary of State. I
think he has made an honest attempt
to carry out his platform under the
disadvantage of the moneyed interests
who desire to bring discredit on his
Admlnlstratioln for their own selfish
I have overlooked his Panama Canal
policy, even though It was a most un
American one and a betrayal of the in
terests of his own countrymen.
But if the canal policy was bad tha
Mexican policy was worse. There waa
no policy to it. I do not oppose him
because of his opposition to Huerta. X
oppose htm because, after putting his
hand to the plow, he turned back.
The one redeeming feature of the whole
muddle waa when he summoned grit
enough to order Fletcher to seize the
custom-house at Vera Cruz to prevent
ammunition from reaching the enemy.
The saddest thing of the whole muddle
Is 19 American lives lost over the mare
punctilio of a salute- which was never
obtained. Not that I believe Mayo was
wrong in demanding it and his Govern
ment In backing him up; I think after
the Nation had gone as far ai It bad
it was its duty to establish a stable
government which it could recognize
and te puf the submerged 85 per cent
on their feet as we have the Filipinos.
Lincoln, in the dark days of the Civil
War, is said to have remarked that
what this country needed was a dicta
tor, and if the right man were found
he would risk a dictator. What this
country needs is a little pep and ginger
in its foreign policy, with a little of
Bismarck's "blood and iron" and Eng
land's regard for her engagements that
does not question whether it will pay.
With all his faults I think Mr. Roosi
yelt the foremost American of today. I
think he above all men is the man to
put tonio Into the Government the
State Department above all else. While
he may make mistakes he does things.
He does not wait for his problems to
come to him. but hunts them up. If
he has no precedent he creates one
Some of those goody-goody, wishy
washy, peace-at-anyprice Americans,
or, rather, miscalled Americans, ques
tion hla diplomacy in obtaining the
canal zone, but he gave us the canal.
The Colorado and Butte strikes recall
his using the big stick in the anthracite
coal strike with the result of forcing
the coal barons to arbitrate.
Give Mr. Roosevelt a fair chance to
get on the Republican ballot, and he
will carry the Union in 1916. Yes, I
intend to vote for the Colonel.
DAVID A. GLASGOW.
A I I (tie Family Incident.
What's that piece of cord tied around
your finger for?" "My wife put it
there to remind me to post a letter."
"And did you post It?" "No; she forgot
to give It to me."
Berlin Has Hodrl Man.
After many years of effort, a Berlin
inventor has succeeded In building a
model man that can walk, talk, sing,
laugh and whistle-
The difference between mere
publicity and definite business
building advertising is illustrated
by the recent experience of the
Belgium Relief Committee.
Nothing could have had more pub
licity than the woes of little Bel
gium. Yet relief funds were slow In com
Finally the Committee began a
newspaper advertising campaign In
the newspapers asking for fifnds.
The advertisements were not
large, but were well written and
well displayed. ' They hewed to the
line of strict neutrality.
Almost instantly the Belgium Re
lief Fund began to increase by leaps
and bounds and it has been grow
ing steadily ever since.