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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 13, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1914.
LOUVAIK AT FIRST
HOT HOSTILE TO FOE
Germans and Townspeople
Outwardly Friendly in Be
ginning of Occupation.
CITIZENS ARE REASSURED
JlcCutcheon Tells How Picturesque
Entry Was Watched by Corre
spondents With Forebodings
of Arrest as Spies.
(Continued From First Page.)
the light machine guns which are
drawn by teams of sturdy Belgian
Far off to the right, miles away,
lay the battlefield of Waterloo.
As our taxi proceeded onward we met
numbers of heavy rumbling army
iona coming in toward the city, as
well as many tired, dusty soldiers
straggling along all bound toward
Brussels. There was no mistaking the
significance of the movement. The Bel
gians were falling back before some
mysterious force far off beyond the
northern and eastern horizons.
Then we began meeting refugees.
They were in carts and on horses and
on foot. Tired men were, wheeling lit
tle children in barrows loaded down
with household articles. Lumbering
carts were heaped high with goods
and surmounted by tired women, old
and young. Not all, however, were for
tunate enough to ride. Scores and
scores, old, young, strong and weak,
were silently plodding along, all in the
"The Germans have taken Tirlemont, '
we heard, and the hundreds of home
less people were fleeing before the ad
vancing enemy. They were getting out
01 ine way or impending battles.
farther on two Belgian Boldlers
stood like statues at the roadside. In a
field of purple cabbage to the right of
the roadway were many Belgian sol
diers crouched in the form of a skir
We watched the distant city and the
steady, patient stream of refugees that
came down the sloping road from the
outskirts of the town and climbed up
the road to where our party stood.
A sudden rumble of artillery and the
roll of machine gun firing reached our
ears. It seemed to come from nntnt
just Deyond tne city. The smoke from
several tires either in Louvaln or be
yond it arose from the horizon.
Our chauffeur refused to go any far
ther. He even turned his car around
and headed it toward Brussels, so that
If he had to make a quick start he"
would be ready. He would wait for us
if we insisted on going on toward the
city, but would not risk his car by go
ing on himself.
We decided to walk on. We reached
the town in safety. Presently we
came to a little cafe, which we entered
to get some bread and cheese. While
we were sitting in the cafe a man came
in and said there were already seven
uhlans in the city. So we left the cafe,
went back to the street by which we
had come and decided to chance going
a little farther toward the center of the
An automobile traveling at terrific
speed shot out of a street ahead and
roared past us. The occupants thought
we were English and waved their arms,
frantically warning us to leave.
Ahead of us we saw a crowd at a
corner. They were looking excitedly
up a cross street to where a group of
persons were massed together. A man
told us, with alarming earnestness.
that the Prussians would he in the
city in 15 minutes.
"Les Allemands! quinze minute!"
We continued on toward the Grand
Place, turning down a long street to
where the houses are larger. To our
surprise the city was much larger and
finer than we had imagined. We had
thought of it as a large village instoad
of a city of over 40.000 inhabitants.
An excited man rushed out of a little
cross street and pointed toward a nar
row alley. He was closely followed by
eight or 10 Belgian soldiers. They
darted into the alley and hurried
The excited man shouted something
to them and they hurried faster.
Out of another street suddenly came
a man on a bicycle, closely followed by
a man on horseback.
They were German soldiers! I could
hardly believe my eyes.
Barely 30 seconds had elapsed be
tween the disappearance of the Belgian
soldiers and the appearance of the two
Germans. We were directly between the
Belgians and the Germans.
There was a hasty scattering of peo
pie, who tied to doorways and into
houses, to escape the street nghting
which seemed Inevitable. The two Ger
mans had not seen the Belgians, but
swung up the street away from us and
rode about 60 feet when they suddenly
The cavalryman clutched his rifle In
his right hand and with his left he
motioned to the people in the street to
Ket out of the way.
Horseman Makes Picture.
Then they rode past us, the roan on
the horse presenting a picture which I
shall never forget. His face was lean
and ruddy, his eyes blue and his mus
tache and hair yellow. He rode forward
like & man who knew no fear.
We followed the two Germans back
down the street, hoping to reach the
edge of town and make our way to the
waiting taxi, about two miles out of
The hush that hung over the city was
solemn beyond words. There was ab
solute silence in the groups of persons
at each door.
When we reached the place where we
had entered the city and from where we
hoped to get out to our machine we
saw a file of German soldiers suddenly
appear from a side street and march
down toward and enter the Brussels
Our retreat was cut off.
We hastily asked the natives if we
could reach the road to Malines. hoping
to escape by that way before the Ger
mans had cut oft all roads leading from
the city. ' -
A native directed us up the broad
park-like road which had formerly been
the ramparts of the city, but which now
was a shady promenade encircling the
city. At this point it was called the
Rampart de Malines, and at the top of
a hill farther along on the Rampart
mere was a large iienedlctine convent,
which occupied a commanding position.
We started and had crone several
hundred feet when a furious rifle lire
opened to our left just beyond the
fringe of houses at the edge of Lou
vain. In a field to our right a crouch
ing line of men were to be seen Some
one shouted that they were Belgian
We were directly between the tw
forces and were In danger of being
caugni in a cross ure. bo we hurried
back to the shelter of the houses,
"where we found the people terriblv
frightened. There was only a hushed
The firing m front had ceased, but
the column or German soldiers was
still marching past and turning into
the Brussels road. There were bicycle
corps an dtroops of cavalry and we
thought it was a scouting party which
soon would pass. There was not the
slightest exhibition of unfriendliness
or hostility to the townspeople and
by degrees apprehension of the latter
disappeared and they crowded up to the
end of the street and watched the gray
columns march by.
When the first Uhlan appeared some
6f the Belgians in the crowd began
hissing, and instantly the L'hlan drew
his revolver, swung in his saddle, and
glared at tje crowd until he had dis
appeared down the Brussels road.
There was no more hissing. The
men who had hissed were chastened to
a dense silence.
A dove-shaped monoplane flew over
us. several thousand feet up. Its gray
planes were almost the color of the
gray sky above. It flew on toward
Brussels, for it was the eyes of the
army. . -
Then came columns of infantry, regi
ment after regiment, and then we
PIONEER WOMAN DIES IN
PORTLAND, AGED 7.
Mrs. Eva Stemme.
Mrs. Eva Stemme. who died
of heart trouble October 7, had
been a resident of Portland
since 1871. She was born in
Germany June 4, 1847, and came
to America in 1864, settling in
San Francisco, later going to
Canyon City, Or. She was mar
ried in San Francisco to E. J. H.
Stemme in 1866.
She was the mother of three
daughters and two sons, two
of whom survive her. Mrs. J. M.
Roberts and Mrs. R. B. Case. The
funeral will -be held Wednesday
at 10 o'clock from Holman's un
knew that the movement was not
merely a cavalry reconnaissance. Long
trains of artillery rumbled by. Auto
mobiles, with the air of conquerors.
reared past with mufflers open. They
were traveling at furious speed and
flashed down the lines of the column.
Many of the officers wore monocles.
In each car there were armed sol
diers standing on the running boards.
Many of the motorcars, which were
gray and powerful, were equipped with
steel frames leading from the front of
the car back over the tonneau. They
were designed to cut barb wire entan
glements and ward off obstructions.
Some of the cars had steel plates be
hind to protect the -occupants from
snipers. All thundered past like rac
ing machines with exhausts open.
The gray columns, horse, foot, and
gun.-flowed on and on across tne little
parklike rampant until we were
stunned by the vastness of their
Party Is Not Molested.
The Belgians watched us with
curiosity. They thought we were Eng
lish who had been trappped and who
were certain to become prisoners. A
sympathetic woman brought us some
chairs so that we might sit down and
watch the endless current of troops
We kept out of sight of the Germans
by remaining in the background of the
crowds, in order to escape the atten
tion of the officers, but as time passed
and several German officers had looked
at us with no show of concern, we
ceased to observe further caution.
We knew that we could not get out
of the city and knew that our waiting
taxi had long since ceased to wait. It
probably had already reached Brussels
or had been caught by other German
columns that might have struck the
Brussels road nearer the city.
Our next step was one that required
careful consideration. We debated as
to the advisability of reporting to the
German officer in command, one of our
party arguing that if we did not im
mediately report our presence and pur
poses w.e might be shot as spies; an
other argued that if we reported we
might" immediately be shut up under
guard and thus miss seeing any more
of the occupation of the city. .
At 6 o clock, after watching the
columns pass for three hours, we de
cided to report to the Burgomaster be
fore darkness set in, thus establishing
our good Intentions. On our way we
passed a town crier who was ringing a
bell. Crowds swarmed around him.
He told the people to keep quiet and
commit no overt act which might en
danger the city.
The great tragedy which came a few
days later is inexplicable when I think
of the apparent friendliness that ex
isted between the two classes while 1
C a r- OA
F. O. B. DmtTwit
t-pssttgtr Tomrimg Cmr
Crroh Am vnewn wmt'fr
Distributors for Oregon and
48-48 N. 20tb St. Portland.
Phones Marshall 109, A 1298.
' Jt-'Jf s E'a'i
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COWBOYS ARE HOPE
OF PEOPLE AT NACO
Withdrawal of Federal Troops
and Leaving of Situation to
Sheriff, Is Desire.
AMERICANS IN BATTLE LINE
Colonel Hatfield Throws Xinth and
Tenth Cavalry Along Border to
Prevent Mexicans From Car
rying War Over Line.
NACO, Ariz., Oct. 12. An American
battle line has been extended along the
international boundary by the Ninth
and Tenth United States Cavalry under
Colonel C. A. P. Hatfield to prevent the
Villa and Carranza factions from again
bringing their warfare onto American
This follows the second appeal to
President Wilson for protection of the
town against the remarkable number
of stray bullets and shells which for
ten days have fallen here instead of in
the Mexican camps.
Sheriff Harry Wheeler today voiced
the wishes of many iTaeo Americans
when he asked Governor Hunt to have
the Federal troops withdrawn an' the
situation turned over to him. He of
fered to gather 500 cowboys who would
protect 'the town without discussing
BULLETS FALL IX DOUGLAS
Second Attack on Agua Prieta Re
pulsed by Garrison.
DOUGLAS. Ariz.. Oct. 12. A second
attack on Agua Prieta, Sonora, and its
Carranza garrison was made tonight by
Yaqui Indians, who were repulsed last
night, and two columns of Maytorena
forces from Naco. The entrenched gar
rispn successfully resisted the early
During the attack tonignt Duiiets
from both sides fell here and the in
habitants fled to the center of town
X.VCO, SONORA, AGAIN SHELLED
Recent Firing Into Arizona Is Local
Affair, Says Wilson.
NACO, Ariz.. Oct. 12. The Carranza
garrison of Naco, Sonora, was again
subjected today to shell fire from the
guns of Governor Maytorena. The
Villista artillery, which threw lour
shells into American territory yester
day, doing considerable damage,
seemed to be better handled today, and
the shells fell into the Mexican town.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 12. Firing
across the international border at Naco,
Ariz., yesterday by American patrol
troopers and Mexican soldiers was
characterized today by President Wil
son as a "local difficulty." Apparently
he considered that the incident had no
bearing on the general situation in
Mexico and was not inclined to attach
much importance to it. - .
ATTACK NEAR CAPITAL ENDS
Reign of Terror Subsides When Za
pata Halts for Peace Meeting.
MEXICO CITV. Oct. 12. An attack
made on the night of October 10 on
San Angel, Xochimilco and other sub
urbs of Mexico City by adherents of
Emillano Zapata caused a reign of
terror in the capital until today.
The suspense was relieved when it
was officially announced today that
Zapata's followers had agreed to cease
all fighting until the termination of
the peace conference between the
northern and southern constitutional
ist generals at Aguas Calientes. The
troubles in the suburbs were saticfac
The invaders entered San Angel Sat
urday night and heavy firing was be
gun. The government impressed i
number of the striking streetcar motor
men into service and rushed 1500 men
with artillery to Saw: Angel to re
inforced the garrison there. Fighting
in the streets between the invaders and
the defenders followed.
Xochmilo was completely surrounded
by the Zapata, men and reinforcements
were also rushed to that place on tram
cars, which were pressed into service.
The authorities in Mexico City proper
expressed fear of a general attack and
families living in Coyoacan and Mix
coac began moving into the city.
Delegates representing Zapata pre
sented a land reform scheme at the
Aguas Calientes conference today and
the matter was debated at length.
V ILLA WINS POINT AT MEETING
Representation Plan Accepted Car
ranza Told to Free Prisoners.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 12. Hopeful re
ports reached Washington today of the
progress of the first day's work of the
military convention being held at Aguas
It's a fine thing to sell quality, but
a deal finer to deliver it, says W.
S. Dulmage. of Dulmage-Manley
The Hupmobile has always deliv
ered quality, and I think the new
model goes farther in that direc
tion than any other Hup which
is no slight praise for it. -
To begin with, it's a five-passenger
car five passengers, mind you.
with room for everybody to re
lax. Take the whole family along In
comfort no reason why Johnny
or Mary should be left at home.
And It has plenty of power the
motor is larger and there are a
lot of refinements to take care of
You couldn't want or ask for more
conveniences or more complete
equipment than this car carries.
It has everything not a single
extra for you to buy.
I tell you It's a beauty, and every
bit as good inside and out as it
Step in and see it.
With the sedan, or coupe top, de
signed especially for the touring
car and the roadster and attached
at small cost, you can drive all
Winter in comfort.
Calientes to determine the personnel of
the future government of Mexico. Not
only are Generals Carranza and Villa
represented, but General Zapata has
sent three delegates whose credentials
have been accepted.
The official report of the meeting
transmitted to the American Govern
ment said the convention formally met
and organized Saturday, adjourning un
General Antonio Villareal, Military
Governor of the State of Nuevo Leone,
was chosen permanent chairman, with
Generals Robles and Natera, vice-chairmen.
The basis . of representation agreed
upon was that each delegate must
prove that he had command of at least
1000 men in the army or must have
been identified as a general with the
constitutionalist movement before Zac-
atecas was captured from the Huerta
government. It was this point on
which General Villa had been insisting
from the beginning.
General Edouardo Hay. one of the
men who opposed the - acceptance of
Carranza's resignation at the Mexico
City convention, made an Impassioned
speech urging the adoption of a reso
lution calling on General Carranza to
release all political prisoners, as Gen
eral Villa had done. He was enthu
siastically applauded 'as he suggested
that the language of the resolution be
chaged from a "request" to an "order."
He said the acts and resolutions of the
convention should be regarded as or
ders upon all chiefs, including Car
ranza. The convention passed the res
olution in that form.
Official reports further said that the
prevailing spirit of the meeting is one
of harmony and a unanimity of feeling
exists against further bloodshed.
Some delegates had not arrived when
the convention organized Saturday and
today's meeting was expected to de
velop a discussion of the form of gov
ernment to be adopted. One of the
plans under discussion would provide
for a commission form of government
composed of representatives of all
Th constitutionalist agency here has
received the following telegram from
"General Jesus Carranza, at the head
of the second division of the center and
at the head of an army of more than
30,000 men, with 60 cannon and 70 ma
chine guns, has arrived at the capital,
having come from the Isthmus of Te
huantepec, where he superintended the
mustering out of the federal troops
located in tnat region, and he took
over the garrisons of Guaymas and
BOMBS CAST AT TRAINS
MISSILES ENDANGER PASSENGERS
AT STATION IN PARIS.
Other Attacks Made by Taube Aero,
plane and Five French Aviators
Go Up to Pursue Enemy.
PARIS, Oct. 12. A German aeroplane
at 10:15 o clock this morning dropped
bombs between two railroad trains that
were in the act of pulling out of the
Northern Railroad station. The missiles
did not explode and were later found
Imbedded two feet in the earth. The
railroad trains were crowded with pas
It was announced officially later In
the day that a Taube aeroplane had
flown over Paris this morning and had
thrown down six bombs. Five French
aviators went up to pursue the Ger
Another German bomb was dropped
MUSIC ROOM EASTERN OREGON STATE NORMAL SCHOOL
BE JUST TO EASTERN OREGON
Although embracing about two-thirds of the state's area, Eastern Oregon now has no state school ol
any character. Restore to it the Eastern Oregon State Normal School by voting '
Cast your ballots for the cause of education, for the betterment of the public school system, for the
better training' of Oregon's young men and women who wish to become teachers. It will add but a
feather's weight to the burden of your taxes.
; ONE-FORTIETH OF A MILL
:r two and one-half cents annually on every thousand dollars assessed valuation, as provided in the mill
age tax bill referred to the people by the Legislative Assembly, will restore to the state's use the Eastern
Oregon Normal's plant at Weston, consisting of one main bunding, two dormitories, a president's cottage
and 10 acres of ground.
Eastern Oregon needs this school. Oregon needs it, and also needs the Southern Oregon Normal at
Ashland. Three Normal Schools are none too many for this great commonwealth.
Reflect that if you pay taxes on $2000, the permanent and adequate maintenance of the Eastern Oregon
Normal will cost you but five cents each year. '
(Paid advertisement authorized by F. D. Watts. William MacKenzle. S. A. Barnes, E. O. DeMoss. Clark Wood. Weston, Or.)
Could not see what other boys
saw, but he did not know it for
a long time.
And his parents did not know it
until he told tliem.
Eye' defects may be present if
the child holds books too closely
to the eye; if headaches are fre
quent; if the child is unruly, or
if normal school progress is not
One charge covers entire cost.
Examination, glasses, frames.
Now at school time is the time
to take action.
5th ' and
today .at Ouen, a suburb of Paris, but
it also did not explode.
This missile fell near a paint factory,
where there Is a gasoline tank' of SO,
Other bombs fell in the Rue Pou
chert and on the Boulevard Bessleres
and the Boulevard Olichy.
. Dead From Bombs Number 3.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 12. Ambassa
dor Herrick's -report today of the-raid
on Paris by German aircraft yesterday
places the casualties at three dead and
BRYAN ASKS BELGIAN DATA
Condition of Those in Captured Ter
ritory Causes Inquiry.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 12. Secretary
Bryan cabled American representatives
abroad inquiring into the condition of
Belgians reported to be in destitution
In captured territory. So far the State
Department has been without official
information in regard to the- state of
affairs in Brussels and vicinity.
Ambassador Gerard, at Berlin. Is ne
gotiating with the German Foreign Of
fice for the delivery of food supplies
detained in England destined for the
Belgians in Brussels and neighboring
It 1 1 S a H " w " vr f II i
There's a noticeable out-of-the-ordinary-ness to
the hang and drape of a Stein-Bloch overcoat
that gives it that "llangswell" look.
For three-score years Stein-Bloch overcoats have
been leaders in stylish comfort and "snuginess."
May we hang one on you"?
The Price? $25.00 is the average some are a
trifle less, some more.
Suits Balmacaans Overcoats
Morrison Street at Fourth
HAIR STOPS FALLING, DANDRUFF
DISAPPEARS--25 CENT DANDERINE
Save Your Hair! Make It Soft,
Fluffy, .Lustrous and
Try as you will, after an application
of Danderine, you can not find a single
trace of dandruff or falling hair and
your scalp will not itch, but what will
please you most, will be after a few
weeks' use, when you see new hair,
fine and downy at first yes but real
ly new hair growing all over the
A little 'Danderine immediately dou-
. Such is the cus
of the purchaser
of a Stein-Bloch
uies me Deauiy 01 your nair. wo dil
ference how dull, faded, brittle and
scraggy, just moisten a cloth with
Danderine and carefully draw it
through your hair, taking one small
strand at a time. The effect is imme
diate and amazing your hair will be
light, fluffy and wavy, and have ai
appearance of abundance: an incom
parable lustre, softness and luxuriance,
the beauty and shimmer of true hair
Get a 25-cent bottle of Knowlton's
Danderine from any drug store or toi
let counter, and prove that your hair
is as pretty and soft as any that it has
been neglected or injured by careless
treatment that s all. Adv.