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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 12, 1914)
VOL.. LIV. XO. 16,811.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, OCTOBER 12. 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Government Swamped by
Flight of Belgians.
MIGRATION IS UNEQUALED
Thousands Wait on Roads for
Invited to Return.
GERMANS NEAR DUTCH LINE
Antwerp Yields Little Profit to
Captors and May Prove
Costly, Says Writer.
LONDON, Oct. 11. Belgian refu
gees now in Holland number 600,000,
according to the correspondent of the
Exchange Telegraph Company at The
" The Dutch authorities are greatly
embarrassed by the refugees, who are
incessantly streaming into Holland,"
adds the correspondent.
Return of Refugees Likely. -
" Owing to the lack of railway ma
terial thousands are forced to wait on
the roads for transportation.. The
Dutch government probably will take
steps jointly with the German gov
ernment for the speedy return of the
The Germans have pushed up from
Antwerp and are occupying villages
in the direction of the Dutch frontier,
forcing the inhabitants to flee into
Holland, according to the Rosendaal
(Holland) correspondent of the
Weekly Dispatch. Towns near the
frontier have been forced to close
their gates, owing to their inability
to receive any more refugees.
Germans Invite Return.
A message to Reuter's Telegram
Company from Amsterdam says:
" A telegram to the Handelsblad,
dispatched at noon Saturday from
Bergen-op-Zoon (a Dutch town near
the Belgian border), says that two
German officers arrived yesterday in
a motorcar at the frontier town of
1'utetn, Holland. The officers in
formed the Dutch commander there
that Antwerp now was under German
administration and asked him to in
duce refugees to return to their
homes. Many of those who had fled
complied with the request."
Migration Thought Unequaled.
" During the past months I have
grown accustomed to the sight of
streams of refugees trailing over all
the roads of Belgium, until the queer
illusion has grown up that they are
always the same refugees, they look so
pitiably alike," says the Rotterdam
correspondent of the 'Times in a dis
patch to his paper. He continued:
" But all the scenes on the roads
of Belgium for weeks past must be
added together and multiplied 20 fold
to resemble the spectacle on the roads
to Holland during the last two days.
Hardly any migration in the history
of the Israelites, Kalmuks or Tartars
can have equaled it.
Dutch Show Kindness.
" The two relieving features were
the extreme kindness shown to refu
gees by people at the frontier, and
the beautiful weather. These things
reduced the mortally to a minimum.
" Besides the long exodus by the
roads to Holland I saw a crowd esti
mated at 150,000 blocking the ferry
and pontoon at Antwerp on their way
to get trains to St. Nicholas and
Ghent. The German, guns were so
placed that their shells reached every
portion of the city during the last
stage of the bombardment, the chief
characteristic of which was the hap
hazard way in which the fire was
aimed in all directions.
" No less wonderful than the scene
on the roads was the scene on the
river, where all day Thursday craft
of every description were slipping
(Concluded on rag 2.
LOXDOV, Oct. 11. The following;
dl patch bu been recelTed from Rome
by the Exchange Telegraph Company:
It la announced from Vienna that trro
Auitro'Gennan columns nut bins to the
relief of PriemyaU Gaiicia, reached
Djnow and Rieizow ( both towu In
Gallcla, south of Prsemysl on Satur
day." LODO, Oct. 11. The Rome corre
spondent of the Exchange Telegraph
Company says that, according to a
Vienna message, cholera Is now spread
ing over the entire dual monarchy,
new cases averaging 4 dally.
LO.NDOX, Oct. 11. "The death of
Cardinal F" errata, papal secretary of
state, has temporarily ended the Vat
ican's peace negotiations, which had
already begun with the powers at
war," says dispatch from Rome to the
Exchange Telegraph Company.
LOXDOV, Oct. 11- The Amsterdam
correspondent of the Renter Telegram
Company says that a message has been
received at Amsterdam from Berlin
stating that Prince Joachim, who was
wounded in battle, has ' recovered and
rejoined the army.
'LOXDOX, Oct. 11. The following
dispatch has been received from Rome
by the Exchange Telegraph Company s
"It is stated from Vienna that two
Austro-German columns, rushing to
the relief of Prsemysl, Gallcla, reached
Dynow and Pieuow both towns in
Gallcla, south of Prxcmysl(, respect
ively, on Saturday."
PARIS, Oct. 11, 3i20 P. M. A Ravas
Agency dispatch from Petrograd says :
"The moratorium expired on October
9 and all the accounts of the banks
were paid as punctually as In time of
PARIS, Oct. 11. A HaVas Agency
dispatch from Rome nays that King
Victor Emmanuel has named General
Zupelli to succeed General Grand! as
Minister of War. General Grand! re
signed because of newspaper criticism.
LONDON", Oct. 11, 7:15 P. M. Lieu
tenant George Brooke, of the Irish
Guards, son of Sir George Frederick
Brooke, of Dublin, has died of wounds
received in action. Lieutenant Brooke
was born in 1877.
LONDON', Oct. II- The Rome corre
spondent to the Exchange Telegraph
Company says that according to a
Vienna dispatch cholera is now spread
ing over the entire dual monarchy,
new cases over aging 40 daily.
JAPANESE REPORT ADVANCE
Tokio Says German Forts, Warships
and Aeroplanes Are Powerless.
TOKIO. Oct. II. The following state
ment relative to the Japanese opera
tions around Tsing-Tau, seat of govern
ment of the German concession of KLiau
Chow was given out here today:
"The German forts, warships and
aeroplanes are trying vainly to arrest
the Japanese advance. We are sustain
ing no damage.
"Japanese warships silenced litis fort
and drove a warship out of range of
their guns. Our aviators answered an
unsuccessful attack by German airmen
on Japanese mine draggers by flying
over Tsing-Tau and dropping bombs."
TARS FEAR MINES AND QUIT
Traffic in Adriatic Is at Standstill
LONDON'. Oct. 11. A message to the
Weekly Dispatch from Chiasso, Switz
"The crews refuse to work on ves
sels of the Adriatic because of the fear
of floating mines. Americans . who
spent a night on board the Sardenga,
bound for Alexandria, are indignant,
as the Italian government offered a
torpedo-boat, to convoy their steamer
to Ancona. and the shipping company
had promised compensation in the
event of disaster. " All passages have
been cancelled and traffic in the Adri
atic is again at a standstill."
WAR STOPS WEATHER DATA
Meekly Forecasts Suspended by the
United States Bureau.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 11. Suspension
of weekly weather forecasts was an
nounced today by the Weather Bureau,
owing to the interruption of cable re
ports from Europe and Asiatic ports,
as a result of the war in Europe.
Interruption of cable service to
Alaska has further complicated the
bureau's task, it is said, and predic
tions will be made only for, periods
of 36 to 4$ hours until regular reports
again are available.
ALLIES SINK 2 AUSTR1ANS
Torpedo Boats Reported lost Off
LONDOX. Oct. 12. A dispatch to the
Daily Mail from Rome says:
"It is reported here that the Anglo
French fleet off Ragusa, Dalmatia,
sank two Austrian torpedo-boats Fri
day, one of them being an escort for a
steamship loaded with munitions of
war. Their crews were saved.
"A torpedo-boat destroyer Is reported
to have been injured by striking a
AIRMEN'S ESCAPE NARROW
Planes of Zeppelin Destroyers Are
Shattered by Shells.
LONDON. Oct. 11 The British avia
tors who on Friday last, made a suc
cessful flight to Dusseldorf and de
stroyed a Zeppelin, lost their machines
after they returned to Antwerp, it is
said. They landed beteween the outer
and inner ring of forts, just as the
German artillery commenced firing.
The machines, which were in the
open, were blown to pieces but the avia
tors escaped in an armored motor car.
Observer Says Many
Shells Are Wasted.
GUNS ARE WELL CONCEALED
Alternative Trenches Make
Rapid Changes Possible.
USE OF SNIPERS CHARGED
Keeping of Prisoners in Trenches to
Deceive Advancing Enemy Also
Declared to Be Practice Val
ley of Aisne Described.
LONDON. Oct. 11,-,-The official press
'bureau tonight issued the following de
scriptive account by an eyewitness
with Field Marshal French's headquar
ters, supplementing ' the narrative of
yesterday of the movements of the
British force and the French armies
in immediate touch with it:
"On October 9, in spite of the perfec
tion of their arrangements for ranging
and observations, there has been much
waste of ammunitions by the Ger
mans. For instance, within an area
of two acres on our side of the Aisne,
there are more than 100 craters made
by their high explosive shells. This
shower of projectiles, which must have
cost some 1000, did absolutely no
damage, for the locality never hap
pened to be occupied while it was be
ing bombarded. It also incidentally il
lustrates one weak point of indirect fire
when unaccompanied by observation.
Whole Family Killed in Rheiraa.
"Another example of prodigality of
ammunition is the continued shelling
of Rheima'. This still is carried on at
Intervals and on the 6th resulted in the
death of an entire family of eight per
sons. On the 7th 12 of the in
habitants were hit.
"On the other hand, concealment of
their own guns, as of all their troops,
has been most carefully practiced by
the Germans, and they construct al
ternative entrenchments so that wnen
a position is made too hot another one
can be taken up without loss of time.
"Ever since the South African war,
the desirability of rendering troops as
invisible as possible has generally oc
curred in all armies and this war has
thrown much light on the subject. It
appears that at long ranges the -uniform
matters little! the blue coat and
red trousers of the French infantry and
cavalry not being any more conspicu
ous than the clothes of our own men
or of the Germans. But at medium
range the red trousers of our allies
show up clearly. When the infantry are
lying down, however, their caps are
(Concluded on Page 5.
y.............. ............... ................... ..................... ............
I. . YOU'LL HAVE TO KURRY. "
I I J--JL.7SsSS;i HEAR 111
i j Jp H,BI
i i t
INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
TESTERDATS Maximum temperature,
degrees; minimum, oo degrees.
TODAY'S Rain; southeasterly winds.
McCutchebn tells of experience as prisoner
o Germans. Page 2.
Allies drive German cavalry back from
crossings of River Lys. Page 1.
Six Hundred thousand Belgian refugee
swamp Holland. Page 1.
Antwerp. Namur and Liege prove futility
ot permanent fortifications. Page 2.
Last Illness of King Charles of Koumania
seizes him suddenly. Page 4.
English merchant says cathedral at Rhelms
can be restored easily. Page 2.
Germans warn people of Antwerp city may
be destroyed as penalty of misconduct.
Food scarcity at Brussels Is alarming, say
Belgians. Page 3.
German aeroplanes drop 20 bombs in Paris;
Cathedral of Notre
struck. Pane 2.
Two more Americans shot, buildings wrecked
at Naco, Ariz., by Mexicans. Page 3.
Congress approacnlng end of session. Page 4.
Three passengers killed. 14 hurt by falling
boulder In Colorado. Page 3.
Northwestern Pacific prepares for spike
driving ceremony. Page 4.
Coast League results: Portland 7-18, Venice
4-10; Missions 1-1, San Francisco 2-0:
Los Angeles 4-2. Oakland O-l. Page 10.
Rival world series teams rest at Boston be
fore Bjext game. Page 10.
Coach Doble has two weeks to put Washing
ton team In shape to meet Oregon.
- Page .,10.
progressives and liquor question make Idaho
political race mixed. Page 8.
W. Z. Angel contends that he shot John F.
Gibson, civil War veteran, at Sodaville
In. self-defense. Page 8.
I'ortland and Vicinity.
Hermann S. Hering, of Concord, discusses
Christian Science teachings. Page 9.
War has tied up Portland grain exports.
Page 1 1.
Insurgent Methodists finding church barred
worship in street. Page 14.
Oregon Grand Lodge Kntghts ot Pythias
meet here tomorrow. Page 8.
"Paid In Full," Eugene Walter's famous
play, opens at Baker Theater. Page 34.
New pastor of Centenary Church would come
in spirit of Paul. Page a.
Candidates for office ready for final spurt.
New films' at moving-picture theaters are
notable in picture drama world. Page 7.
Italy's army ready to take field. Page 3.
BRITISH STEAM-ER ASHORE
Strathgarry, Freighter, on Sand Spit
Xear Port Townsend.
SEATTLE, "Wash.. Oct. 11. The bis
British fretghter Strathgarry, bound
from Eureka, Cal., to Bellingham to
complete her cargo of lumber, went
aground at high tide tonight off Point
Hudson, near Port Townsend. The
Strathgarry is resting on sand and al
though difficulty will be encountered
freeing her from her position, she is
believed to be in no danger.
The smallpassenger steamer Hloux.
which went, ashore on Duhgeness Spit
last Wednesday, is still aground.
TURKS ACTIVE IN SYRIA
Troops .Being Concentrated Along
Routes to Holy Land.
PARIS, Oct. 11. A dispatch to the
Havas Agency from Athens says:
"The newspapers here say it is an
nounced from an authoritative source
that the Turks are showing much
energy In Syria, Palestine and North
Arabia, where they are concentrating
troops at several points and fortifying
important ports on the coast and on
routes to the interior."
GERMAN CAVALRY IS
DRIVEN FROM RIVER
hut r ntx. .
Mines negam roini
VIGOROUS ATTACKS CONTINUE
Apremont Taken and Retaken
by Fighting Night and Day.
SLIGHT ADVANCE IS MADE
French War Office Says Some Suc
cess Has Been Attained - North
of River Aisne Elsewhere
Position Is Maintained.
PARIS, Oct. 11. The official com
munication Issued by the French "War
Office tonight Bays:
"There is no new detail to mention
except the capture of a flag near
Lessigny. The impression of the day
The War Office issued a more de
tailed statement earlier in the day, in
which is said:
"First, on our left wing. German cav
alry, which had seized certain points of
passage over the Lys River to the east
of Aire was driven off yesterday and
retired last night into the Armentier
district. Between Arras and the Oise
the enemy made a vigorous attack on
the right bank of the Ancre. but with
out making any progress.
Advance Made Kortfc of Aisne.
"Second, on the center, between the
Oise and Rhelms, our troops have made'
slight advances to the north of the
Aisne, particularly In the region to the
northwest of Soissons. Between Craonne
and Rhelms German attacks made at
night have been repulsed. From Rhelms
to the Meuse there is nothing to re
port - . -. -
"In the Woevre district the Germans
have delivered some violent attacks. In
the region of Apremont, to the east of
St. Mihlel, there was fighting during
the night of the 9th and the following
day, during which time Apremont was
taken and retaken, the town finally re
maining in our hand3.
Positions Everywhere Maintained. "
"Third, on our right wing in Lor
raine, the Vosges and Alsace there is
nothing to report. To sum up, we have
everywhere maintained our positions.
"In the eastern theater the fighting
of the Russians with the German rear
guard to the southeast of Wirballen
and on the line of the lakes to the
west of Suwalkl continues.'
Sunday's War Moves
WITH the conclusion of' that phase
of the war of the nations which
came with the fall of Antwerp, censor-
snip again has drawn a veil over the
ng in the greater part of the
-VtO opean Continent.
The French communication issued
yesterday dealt only with the battle, or
series of battles, which has bran In
progress for four weeks from East to
West in France, with an ever-extending
line which now reaches northward
from the elbow at Noyon, across the
Belgian border at Armentieres.
The statement nnva that th. aiitA
hate held their rosltlnna
and that German cavalry which was
attempting to envelop the allies' left
wing and had seized certain points of
passage on the River Lys, to the(east
of Aire, . was defeated and retired to
the Northeast into the Armentieres dis
trict. At the same time the Germans de
livered a vigorous attack on the right
bank of the Ancre River between Ar
ras and the Oise, without making any
This indicates that . the battle in
Picardy, in which the cavalry is par
ticipating on a scale not Been in pre
vious modern wars, extends over a
considerable area. Here are many
miles of open country where horsemen
can maneuver to advantage.
Between the River Oise and Rheims.
and particularly in the region north
west of Soissons, where the British
forces are entrenched, further progress
seems to have been made. It thus
seems probable that 'the Germans have
abandoned some of their strongly en
trenched positions in this neighbor
hood. It is reported that sanitary
reasons have compelled this, as the
trenches in which the troops have been
living for weeks have become the
breeding places for disease.
ine Germans have resumed their
night attacks - between Craonne and
Rheims, which, according to French ac
counts, have been repulsed. From
Rheims to the Meuse nothing of impor
tance has occurred of late, but in the
Apremont district of the Woevre. to the
east of St. Mihiel, the Germans made
violent attacks during the night of
October 9 and the following day.
Apremont was taken by the Germans
but was retaken by the French and
remains in their hands. The Germans
are determined, apparently, to maintain
as far as possible their positions here,
where' they have pierced the line of
fortifications between Verdun and Toul,
along the River Meuse. Should they
De successful against the allies else
where this doubtless would be the
route by which they would endeavor to
enter the heart of France,
" "A report from Berlin says the tre
mendous siege guns used in the re
duction of Antwerp already have been
sent to France.. If this is so, probably
the Verdun forts along the French
frontier, which are hindering the Ger
man advance, are to be attacked with
them. In this case, howeyer, there is a
big field army ' behind the forts, so
that, while the destruction of them
would make progress easier for the
Germans, it would not absolutely in
sure their advance.
On the East Prussian frontier the
Russians are still engaged with the
German rear guard west of Suwalkl
and to the southeast of Wirballen.
Of the battles in Gaiicia and Poland
the Russian staff has decided to say
nothing for the present, but the Aus
trians declare that a recent attack on
Przemysl has been repulsed, and that
the Russians have evacuated the west
ern front which the Austrians occupied.
The Austrian also claim victories
over the Russians at Lancut and
Dynow in Gallcla. It Is known that
they have received reinforcements,
which Petrograd admits has compelled
a change in the plans of the Russian
Of refugees there appears to be no
end. The Dutch towns are now
crowded with people who left their
homes in Belgium and the Hollanders
are finding some difficulty in provid
ing for them. The Germans, however,
have invited the refugees to Teturn to
their own country, promising them fair
England also continues to become a
place of refuge for many fugitives, be
sides woynded officers and men, who
are crossing from Ostend on the regu
lar steamers. '
Refugees from Gaiicia are a .serious
problem In Bohemia.' The construc
tion of a town of 25,000 for their ex
clusive benefit is planned. Vienna and
other cities are overcrowded.
To remind Parisians that the Ger
mans . are still in France two German
aeroplanes; which seem to choose Sun
days for their visits, flew over the
French capital today. They dropped
a score, of bombs, which killed three
persons and 'wounded 20. but did no
material damage to the city.
The Roumanian government has
thought it neces"sary to take precau
tions for the protection of the Aus
trian legation at Bucharest. Turkey,
too, is making preparations' of a war
like character. The Young Turks are
said to be largely ufider the influence
of the Germans, Enver Pasha, the
Young Turk leader and Minister of
War. having lived for many years In
The Montenegrins claim a victory
over the Austrians in Bosnia, where
they say the Austrians tried to cut off
the Montenegrin army proceedina- to
Sarajevo, but' were defeated with
More alarming . reports come from
Italy of the spread of cholera in Aus
tria. It is said that there are many
cases of cholera in different parts of
Kelso Mill to Resume Today.
CENTRALIA. Wash.. Oct. 11. espe
cial.) After a shutdown of several
weeks, the MeLane Lumber & Shingle
Company's mill at Kelso will resume
operations tomorrow with a full crew,
employing both a night and day shift.
Germans Make Demand
for Var Indemnify.
GOOD BEHAVIOR ENJOINED
Refractory Conduct by Citizens
MayLead to Destruc
tion of City. k
SOLDIERS FIGHTING FIRE
Commanding Genera! Tells
People His Forces Have
Entered as Conquerors.
LONDON, Oct. 12. Germany has
imposed a fine of 20,000,000 ($100,
000,000) on Antwerp as a war in
demnity. LONDOX, Oct. 11. A dispatcli to
the Reuter Telegram Company from
Amsterdam says that General von
Beseler, commander of the German
troops that captured Antwerp, has is
sued the following proclamation:
" To the inhabitants of Antwerp:
The German army has entered your
city as conquerors. No citizen shall
be harmed and your property shall be
spared if you refrain from hostile
acts. All refractions will be pun
ished according to the law of war and
may lead to the demolition of your
Prince Among First , to Enter.
The Hague correspondent of the
Exchange Telegraph Company says
that Prince August Wilhelm, the
fourth son of the Emperor, was among
the first to penetrate the fortifica
tions of Antwerp. He sent an enthu
siastic message to the Emperor, who
replied, bestowing the Iron Cross on
the Prince and General von Beseler.
According to a report received here
from The Hague, Baron von der
Schuetz has been appointed governor
of Antwerp and has notified the Bel
gian refugees in Holland that they
may return unmolested with all guar
antees for their safety.
Demand for Indemnity Rumored.
It is said that the German soldiers
are active in mastering the fire in,
Antwerp, which are almost subdued.
Only public buildings were damaged.
No prominent church was struck by
The Germans agreed in the- terms
of capitulation not to disarm the civic
guards or make prisoners of males be
tween the ages of 18 and 30 years.
BERLIN, Oct. IT, via The Hague
and London. The German official
report on the capture of Antwerp
" The first shot was fired on Sep
tember 28 against the outer lino, of
forts. On October 1 the first forts
were taken by assault. The River
Nethe was crossed by the German in
fantry and artillery on October 6
Attacks Begin Simultaneously.
On October 7 Antwerp was notified
that a bombardment was imminent
and this was begun at 12:40 o'clock
in the morning of October 8. Sim
ultaneously an attack was made on
the inner forts.
" On October 9 two of the inner
forts were taken. At 2:30 o'clock on
the afternoon of October 9, the city of
Antwerp was occupied by German in
fantry without resistance on the part
of the Belgians, whose conduct was
valient. However, the effect of the
German artillery, infantry- and ma
rine divisions in the first attack was
such that resistance was futile.
"A large quantity of supplies was
taken by the Germans. The effi
ciency of the German troops was rec
ognized by the Emperor in conferring
on General von Beseler the order of
HISTORIC MOMMENTS SPARED
German Artillerymen Furnished by
Belgians With Map or City.
IjOXDON, Oct. 11. The following dis-
(ConcluUed ou Page 5.)