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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 13, 1914)
VOL. UV. NO. 16,812.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
CITY OF GHENT NOW
Soldiers Quartered in
; Village Nearby.
BRITAIN PLEADING FOR -MEN
Bars Dropped for Fighting
. Recruits Now.
PROLONGED WAR FORESEEN
Conflict on Line of IjRssigny and
Lrns In Which Three German
Army Corps Are Engaged
. Means Much to Allies.
LONDON, Oct. 13. 2:40 A. M. The
Belgian city of Ghent is now " oc
cupied by the Germans, according to an
Amsterdam dispatch to the Keuter
Telegram Company. Uhlans have ar
rived at Selzaete. a short distance from
Ghent, and the commander announced
that 6000 soldiers must be quartered In
News has been received from Am
sterdam that the Holland government
already has opened negotiations with
the German military authorities for
the speedy return of the Antwerp fugi
tives. A Belgian officer at Hulst. Holland,
is quoted here as saying that the total
number of soldiers who have crossed
from Belgium into Holland Is about
Klrlnn am Dates Frostier Now.
Belgian troops were fired on . last
night by German machine guns on the
Belgian frontier not far from Koe
Many wounded men among the Bel
gian soldiers who crossed the Dutch
line lave been taken to Hulst, the
Dutch government placing special
trains at their disposal. The rest of
the Belgians have been taken to AieL
England's need of more fighting men
was emphasized . by the announcement
tonight that the Infantry standard,
which had been raised to check the
great rush of recruits at the outbreak
of the war, has again been lowered.
Required Height Cut.
The minimum height for recruits,
which formerly was 6 feet 6 inches, has
been reduced to 5 feet 4 inches and
chest measurement from 3i Inches to
An appeal has been issued in Glasgow
for 2000 recruits to replace the naval
men interned in Holland.
Earl Curson of Kedleston. formerly
Viceroy of India, in a speech at a war
meeting at Harrow School tonight, said
the taking of Antwerp was a deliberate
part of the German plan.
Germany to Fortify Antwerp.
"Germany has taken, Antwerp to for
tify it, to keep it, to make a great naval
port of it. to use it as a great jumping
off place for her future attempts upon
this country. It is no temporary occu
pation unless we make it so."
The speaker added that by fortifying
Antwerp, Germany would secure a grip
n the whole of Belgium, make Holland
play her will and then settle down to
her main object the destruction of this
He said England was in for a long
war, and declared he was shocked that
some people should think the hostilities
would be over by Christmas.
"Dost Divide Germssy Yet." He Say k.
In his opinion more than one Christ
mas would roll by before the ending pf
hostilities. In conclusion he advised
his hearers not to begin to divide up
the German empire "before you have
got hold of it." .
- An official communication from Ber
lin says that on Saturday German cav
alry completely routed a French cavalry
division west of Lille, which Indicates
that the extreme limit of the western
battle is within 20 miles of the Straits
A dispatch to Reuter's Telegram
Company from Berlin via Amsterdam
i gives the following statement which
"s Issued last night by the German
"Our cavalry on Saturday completely
routt-d a French cavalry division west
of Lille, and near Hazebrouck we in
flicted severe losses on another French
vavalry division. Until now the en
gagements on the front in the western
theater did not lead to a decision."
Tlie news of German movements be
tween Antwerp and Ostend up to the
present is so fragmentary and con
tradictory as to be almost worthless.
The capture of Ostend. it ia con
ceded, would be worth the possession
of many Antwerp, to the Germans, so
,it is taken for granted they will not
liter the popular seaside resort with
out lighting for every foot of the way.
Great events depend on the result of
the battle now on the line of Lassigny
and Lens and the other operations con
nected therewith and in which the
three German army corps released from
the siege of Antwerp will try to-take
President to Withhold Judgment.
WASHINGTON'. Oct. 12. President
Wilson wilt acknowledge the receipt of
French protests against alleged Ger
man atrocities, transmitted to the State
Department last week, without at
tempting to pass judgment. He told
callers today that similar treatment
would be given to all such representa-
tlona from the nations at war.
BERLl.V, Oct. 12. (By wlreles to
SayvfMe, I.) The retnra for lmt
week t.saed by the HelchabanU ihowi
an Increaae of 544,000,000 marks 130,
000,000) In specie notes, -while drcola- j
tlon shows a decrease of 292,000,000
marks f 73,000,000).
LOIVDON, Oct 12. The Daily Mall's1
Amsterdam correspondent says Berlin
newspapers are distributing posters an-
nonncina- that the civil population Is
leaTlns; Belfort a French fortified town
in the so-called territory of Belfort) in
fear of a bombardment
LONDON, Oct. 12. "It Is stated that
the Oermans lost 45,000 men during- the
attack on the fortresses Waelhem and
Wavre-St Catherine at An.werp, says
a Central News dispatch from Amster
dam. LONDON, Oct. 12, In a dispatch
from Rome, the correspondent of the
Central News says that Alontenesrria
troops are now only ela;ht hours' march
from Rasrnsa, the Aa-tro-HnngirUn
seaport In Dalmatla, the fall of which
Is believed to be Imminent.
LONDON, Oct. 12. The only notice
of the arrival of hostile air-craft in the
neighborhood of the Thames and the
Med way, says the Mayor of Gravesend
in a proclamation posted today, will "be
the firing; of gnu from the defenses.
The notice addsx "Persons seekina; to
gratify their curiosity will do so at
their own risk. When firing Is heard,
the people Immediately should take
shelter in the dower rooms or cellars
of their buildings.'
LONDON, Oct. 12 Notwithstanding
the reassuring statement issued by the
home office last Thursday to the ef
fect that the npy system established
by Germany In this country has been
completely broken up. Admiral Lord
Charles Beresford, retired, is con
vinced that It still exists and consti
tutes a grave menace to the safety of
the country. -
PA 11 IS, Oct. 12. The following of
ficial statement was given out tonights
There Is nothing in particular to re
port. Violent attacks have occurred
along the front. We have gained
ground at some points and we have
not lost at any place." -
RETIRED GERMANS CALLED
Losses Cause Disregard of Age, Re
LONDON. Oct. 12. It is seml-ofTi-cially
announced at Petrograd, accord
ing to a dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph Company from the Russian
capital, that owing to the great losses
sustained by the German armies all
officers and non-commissioned officers
who ever have been in the army are
ordered to rejoin the colors without
regard -to age.
Generals in retirement are obtaining
commissions in the Landsturm and in
the Landwehr corps, while teachers in
the primary schools, who hitherto have
been exempt from military duty, are
now. being compelled to enter service.
ELECTRIC SHIP DRIVE AIM
Naval Engineers Support Proposi
tion of New York Vard.
"WASHINGTON. Oct 12. The proposi
tion of the New York Navy-yard to
make the United States Navy a pioneer
in the development of the battleship by
being the first to build a breat dread
nought with a system of electric pro
pulsion is receiving strong support
from naval engineers.
Secretary Daniels loo,ks on the prop
osition with favor and is keeping the
way open for the innovation by having
Jthe work of construction of the battle
ship, which the New York Navy-yard
is about to build, so conducted -as to
admit of the adoption of the "electric
drive" if it shall finally be determined
to install that style of propulsion.
WEALTHY BELGIANS FLEE
London, Accustomed to Penniless
Refugees, Is Surprised.
LONDON, Oct. 12.. Seven thousand
refugees from the war zone, most of
them Belgians, arrived at Folkestone
today on board four steamers. Among
them were 25 wounded Belgian soldiers.
Hundreds of the refugees were well
dressed and plentifully supplied with
money, indicating that they had care
fully made their plans of departure.
Londoners, heretofore accustomed to
caring for the penniless, are now seeing
the hotels crowded with well-to-do per
sons who seem amply able to take care
NATION BACKS AMERICANS
Wilson Assures Merchants In Europe
He W ill L'pliold Their Rights.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 12. President
Wilson today gave assurances that
American merchants trading in Eu
rope would have the Government back
of them to the limit of their rights and
that he did not expect that, there would
be any interference on the part of the
nations at war.
" Discussing the effect of the war on
business. Piesident Wilson said that
from what he could learn the great
bulk of business was progressing
normally. The cotton situation, he
added, had been most affected, but he
expected an Improvement.
MAYOR ROLPH IS INJURED
Wife Also Hurt When Automobile
SAN FRANCISCO. Oct. 12. A broken
right rib was sustained by Mayor
Holph as a result of an automobile ac
cident near Byron Springs Saturday
night. He arrived home- tonight with
Mrs. Rolph, who was severely bruised,
and their son James, who escaped with
a shaking up.
The accident was caused by the May
or's car scraping a railroad embankment.
SUNK BY GERMANS
Submarine Raid in
Baltic Sea Wins.
ENTIRE GREW OF 568 LOST
Patrolling Waters Fatal to
WATERY GRAVE SHIP'S FATE
First Attack by Kaiser's Boats Made
Saturday but Successful Recoil
. noiter Does Not Come Till
PETROGRAD, Oct 12. An official
communication issued today announces
that on October 11 the Russian armored
cruiser Pallada was torpedoed in the
Baltic Sea by a German submarine and
sank with all of her crew.
The . text of the communication.
which was made public by the marine
"On October 10, German submarines
were sighted in the Baltic Sea. The
same day, early in the morning, the
submarines attacked the cruiser Ad
miral Makarov, which had stopped to
search a suspected bark flying the
commercial flag of the Netherlands.
"A submarine of the enemy launched
several torpedoes, which luckily missed
the mark and caused no damage what
soever to the cruiser.
"On October 11, at 2 o'clock In the
afternoon, the submarines of the enemy
again attacked our cruisers Bayan and
Pallada, which were patrolling the
"Although the cruisers opened a
strong fire, one of the submarines suc
ceeded in launching torpedoes against
the Pallada, whereupon an explosion
resulted and the cruiser sank with all
The armored cruiser Pallada "carried
a complement of 568 men. She meas
ured 443 .feet and had a displacement
of 7776 tons. Her speed was 23 knots.
With the Admiral Marakov and the
Bayan she constituted a group " of
cruisers known as the "Bayan class."
The Pallada carried two S-lnch
guns, eight 6-inch guns, 22 12-pound-ers
-and 4 3-pounders, in addition to
torpedo tubes. She was laid down in
Mrs. Carman's Trial Begins Monday.
MINEOhA, N. Y.t Oct. 21. The trial
of Mrs. Florence Conklin Carman for
the murder of Mrs. Louise Bailey will
begin here next Monday, it was defin
itely announced today.
RES0LYED,That" We Commend Our
Tried and True DjsumjtfrrtHc Senator
Georgre E. Chamberlain For Remain
ing Loyally at His Post of Duty in
Cong ress in the Great Emergency
Confronting; the Nation. Be It Further
RE SOLVED, That We Summon
Our Tried andTpuP 43r rrtVir-
Senator George E.Chamberlain To
Abandon His Post of Duty and Re
turn Post-Haste To Oregon in the
Great Emergency Confronting" Us
Democrats in Oregon.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 70.8
degrees; minimum, 62.8 degree.
TODAY'S Rain; southerly winds.
Great need for fighting nen causes Britain
to lower bars. Page 1.
German aub marine sinks Russian cruiser
and entire crew Is lost. Page 1.
German spy system furnishes all needed. In
formation about France. Page SV.
John T. McCutcheon tells of scenes about
Brussels. Page 1.
American committee ends relf work In
London. Page 3.
Great variance seen in equipment of
European troops. Page
English soldier says Germans are "40 years
ahead of the times." Page 2
Russians pursued north of Vistula by AuBtxo-
German army, says Vienna, page 2.
Lou vain at first not .hostile to foe, writes
John T. McCutcheon. Page X.
Naco hopes protection will be turned over
to cowboys. Page 6.
Republican Senators attack ' Administration
policies. Page tf.
Boston Braves beat Athletics In one of
hardest fought- games ever played In
world's baseball series. Page 1.
Catcher Gowdy stars with stick. Page 12.
Roscoe Fawcett thinks prospect for varsity
and Aggies good this year. Page 12.
Peter Stevens wins $20,000 Blue Grass stakes
at Lexington. Page 13.
Fight over removal of Malheur county seat
is bitter. Page 0.
Representative- Hawley'a friend's . rally to
his defense and opposition en, kens.
Ovation given R. A. Booth at Eugene.
Commercial and Marine.
American wool markets strengthened by
British embargo on exports. Page 17.
Cattle and hogs advance at Portland stock-
.yards. Page 17.
Alaska Pacific Fisheries offers cargoes to
Portland-Alaska line and would buy $10,-
000 stock In enterprise. Page 16.
COTTON AID THOUGHT NEAR
Completion or $1-50, ftOO, 000 Fund
This Week Is Forecast.
ST. LOUIS, Oct. 12. A prediction that
the $150,000,000 cotton loan fund, re
cently approved by the Federal Ad
ministration and the Federal Reserve
Board, would be completely subscribed
and ready for use by the end of the
week was made here today by J. N.
Sloan, a member of the committee
which accompanied Festus J. Wade, au
thor of the plan, to Washington last
This statement was made at a con
ference between officers of the Busi
ness Mens' League and merchants,
manufacturers and railroad men, held
with the view of discussing means of
increasing the use of cotton.
AMERICAN REACHES LONDON
Ex-Boer General Freed by Uernians
, on Appeal to Embassy.
LONDON. Oct. 12. 11:45 A. it. The
flev. Epka de Warr. a nephew of Paul
Kruger, and at one time Secretary of
State for the Transvaal and a General
in the Boer army, arrived in London
today after two months detention in
Mr. De Warr is a resident of the
Boer colony at Hohenward, Term., and
is an American citizen, but he was
held by the Germans as a British sub
ject because he did not have his natur
alization papers with him. He ap
pealed to the American Embassy in
Berlin and was released.
STANDING BY OUR GEORGE.
OLD HICKORY JACKSON CLUB.
NOT HOSTILE TO FOE
Germans and Citizens
TOWN CRIER WARJ-orZi
Soldiers Buy in Shops and Give
Cash in Payment.
PEOPLE ARE REASSURED
McCutcheon Tells How Picturesque
Kntry Was Watelied by Corre
spondents With, Forebodings
of Arrest as Spies.
BY JOHN T. M'CUTCHEON.
(Copyrluht. 114. by John T. McCutenwm.
Published by arrangement with trte cm
BRUSSELS. Sept. 17. I arrived in
Brussels on the evening of August 17.
There was a good deal of fighting some
miles out from the capital, but In order
to leave the city a laissex-passe must
be secured from the Belgian military
authorities. With this authorization
one would be permitted to ride out
some distance and might even have an
opportunity of seeing real action.
Several correspondents who had been
in the city a few days had secured
these passes and had made trips out to
points where fighting had been In
progress. They were not allowed to
go to the fronVhut they had seen Bel
gian and French troops in the field.
The following morning, however, a
new order was issued. No more passes
were to be given te newspaper corre
spondents. This difficulty being over
come in two days by obtaining a pass
of Identification from the American
Consul, a taxi was hired and instructed
to take u as far in the direction of
Louvain as the chauffeur was allowed
to go. The King and the army bead
quarters were at Louvain and there
were persistent rumors thai a German
Bcouting party of avalry . was oper
ating some miies beyond that point.
There were fewer soldiers at the
rude earthworks which had hastily
been thrown across the end of Jhe
Avenue Louise. A guard posted there
did not stop the machine. We went on
and presently reached a barricade of
streetcars that had been thrown across
the road. Here we were stopped, but
after two soldiers had looked at the
certificate of American citizenship we
were allowed to proceed.
Out on the Louvain road, in 'the open
country, there was a great encampment
of Belgian soldiers infantry, cavalry,
artillery, and hospital equipment. Even
the famous dog artillery was there
(Concluded on Page 5.)
Monday's War Moves
THE linger o( the censor having
twisted the tourniquet ' on all
sourixs of news from Belgium, just
now perhaps file most potentially im
portant scene of the fighting in the
great war, the British people were
forced to content themselves today
with the official communication from
Paris and even a close analysis of this
showed no marked change In the situ
ation favoring either side.
- 'So" e East came tidings of a
. .u reversal In form, the dispatches
both from Vienna and Petrograd Indi
cating that the Austrian army at
Pnemysl, to often reported surround
ed, hopelessly outclassed and on the
verge of surrender, had turned on the
Russians with the aid of -reinforcements,
and forced them to retreat.
The first news .of this claim ema
nated during the morning from the
Austrian capital. It was followed later
in the day by what purports to. be a
Petrograd admission that the Russians
had abandoned the siege of Przemysl
for strategical reasons, with the object
of drawing up a new line against the
Austro-German army In other points in
Whatever may be the truth of the
situation the Russians have been claim
ing an unbroken series of victories in
their sweep through Galicia and the
coincidence of today's dispatches, sup
plemented as they were by more cir
cumstantial accounts from Vienna of a
vigorous Austro - German offensive.
seemed to presage important news.
The British ana Belgian troops who
retired from Antwerp before the Ger
man occupation with the exception of
those who are now interned on Dutch
soil as a result of having crossed the
border have been swallowed as com
pletely as If they had been buried
under the ruins.
For military reasons their positions
and the area of hostilities in Belgium
must remain obscure until the turn of
events brings them .sharply to the fore
again, as was the case when, after the
fall of Antwerp, the British public
learned for the first time that British
forces had assisted the garrison.
Optimistic, as always, the British
press, besides contending that Antwerp
is of no importance to Germany as a
naval base, finds solace In the argument
that the release of the allied troops
there more than counterbalances the
troops which Germany will send from
that point into France. Colonel Fred
erick M. Maude, a retired army officer
and author of several standard mili
tary books, writing In today's livening
, "This morning finds the' Belgians
with five-sixths of the . British con
tingent perfectly, ready to renew the
"Shi., with their supplies, and rein
forcement from over 'tea amply safe
guarded. After deducting the neces
sary garrison for. Antwerp, losses and
so forth, it is exceedingly Improbable
that the Germans have more than 60.
000 men left to follow them, which
us a ciear gain or 4U.U00 to our
left wing, without counting the rein
forcements which we shall pick up on
The official communication from
Paris indicated that this left wing is
stretching dally and nightly farther
west and . north and will soon reach
the coast if the opposing sides continue
throwing out cavalry in an endeavor
to outflank or break through.
The allies make no claim to victory
in the afternoon statement, which
opens with the remark that these cav
alry operations continue as far north
and west as Hazebrouck. a point hard
ly more than a good day's walk from
When the allies asserted yesterday
that they had driven the Germans from
Aire, London learned for the first time
that the Germans had made substan
tial progress west from Armentleres.
which they reached last week. Presum
ably the allies still hold the ground
the claim to have regained, but the
Germans are throwing more men west
ward and are putting up a hard fight.
The communication does not make
plain which side holds the town near
est the coast.
Nowhere along the battle line do the
allies say they have made any prog
ress except in the center, on the right
bank of the Aisne below Soissons. At
two other points, notably between Ar
ras and the Olse and on the right in
Vosges, it is said, the German attacks
have been repulsed.
A paragraph near the end of the offi
cial communication saying it is under
stood that the Germans are occupying
only the suburbs of Antwerp, while
the 24 forts along the Scheldt (Escaut)
still are holding out, has been received
in London with considerable surprise
and skepticism; In view of the an
nouncement of the British war officials
that the city was occupied by the Ger
mans and the unanimous accounts from
correspondents to the same effect, to
gether with the Berlin statement that
the invaders virtually took complete
possession -of the city.
Probably stirred by the bomb-dropping
exploits of German air craft over
Pari, London seems to be prepared far
such visitors, and official notice has
been served on persons living near the
mouth of the Thames that they should
be ready to seek their cellars at the
first subject of firing, as there will be
no time to spread news In any more
formal way. .
Recruiting througout Great Britain,
particularly in London, has been boom
ing, -it is said, since the fall of Ant
werp, the talk of the Germans advanc
ing from there to Ostend having seem
ingly brought the war closeIhome in
the minds of the people.
The whereabouts of Jibe -Belgian
Queen Is still a matter of conjecture,
and the same vagueness surrounds the
King's reported wounds.
Italy, by official announcement, has
spent $1,000,000 a day since the war
began to place her army in a state of
THIRD GAME, 5 TO 4
Greatest Since 1912.
DRAMATIC MOMENTS MANY
Fighting Spirit of Youth Strik
ing Feature of Struggle.
NEW MEN JUMP TO FAME
Repeatedly Mackmen Battle Tlicir
Way Into Load, Only to See Hival
for World's Honors Come
Vp and Pass Them.
BOSTOX, Oct. 12. In one of the hard
est fought games ever played in a
world's series, the Boston Braves de
feated the Philadelphia Athletics at
Fenway Park today by a score of S
runs to 4.
Twelve innings of thrilling baseball
were necessary before the National
League representatives could record
their third consecutive victory of the
So bitterly was the struggle contested
by both teams that with the possible
exception of the final game between
the New York Giants and the Boston
Red Sox in 1912, nothing equalling to-
pday's play has been recorded since the
world's series began under National
commission auspices in 1905.
Play Exteads Over Three Honrs.
For three hours and six minutes the
two teams alternately led. tied or
forged ahead in the score and the game
that began in bright sunlight was won
in deep twilight with electric signs'
flashing outside the park and the even
ing star glimmering overhead.
While not the best played game of
the series from the standpoint of tech
nical baseball, it was so abounding in
dramatic moments, thrilling plays and
baseball strategy that the 35.00(1 spec
tators who filled the stands were lifted '
to superhelghts of enthusiasm by the
New players mounted to niches in
the world's series hall of fame and oth
ers suffered the temporary censure of
the fans, but when the winning run
finally crossed the plate in the dusk
the general sentiment was that it was
a splendid game to win and a trying
one to lose.
Boston Determined to Win.
The Braves rushed Joyously from the
field determined to clinch the cham
pionship title of 1914 with a fourth
victory tomorrow, while the Athletics,
taciturn and grave, filed slowly out
of the park, still hopeful that their
famous -machine would yet arise to tile
emergency that faced it. To retain the
honors won last Fall, tho Mackinen
must win the next four games, a task
generally -considered Impossible by fol
lowers of baseball. The odds on the Bos
ton club tonight are 3 to 1, with little
Athletic money in sight.
The most striking feature of the play
was the fighting spirit shown by the
youthful combination that Manager
George Stallings has gathered around
him to represent this city in the senior
Repeatedly the Philadelphia team
would battle its way into the lead,
only to witness its rival draw along
side again in the Bame or succeeding
Inning. Never once during the long and
nerve-racking contest did the Braves
cease their attack. Both from an indi
vidual and collective standpoint they
deserved the victory they won.
Americas Flrat to Seore.
The American" Leaguers were the
first to score, sending a run across the
plate in the opening Inning on Mur
phy's two-base salute off Tyler's de
livery. He moved to third on Oldring's
sacrifice and scored when Connolly
dropped Collins" high fly. The Braves
tied the score in the second Inning on
Maranville's walk, steal of second aud
sprint to the plate on Gowdy's double
Into the leftfield bleachers.
In the fourth each team added an
other run. For the Athletics Mclnnis
double in the same spot and scored on
Walsh's single to left, Schmidt re
sponded for the home team with a sin
gle over second, advanced on Deul's out
and counted on Maranville's single to
With the score 2 to 2 the play con-"
tinued without advantage one way or
the other until the 10th Inning. The
Mackmen began the extra session by
scoring two runs when Schang singled
to left and was safe on Tyler's late
throw to second on Murphy's grounder
to the pitcher. After Oldrlng was out,
Collins walked and Schang and Mur
phy scored on Baker's single.
Gowdy Start. Rally.
Gowdy started the Braves' rally with
a home run into the bleachers back of
centerfleld. Moran got a p. 33 off Bush,
went to third on Evers" bingle over
second and came home on Connolly's
sacrifice fly. Again the score was tied.
Another inning and -a half passed
without result, but when Catcher Gowdy
came to bat for the Boston club in the
12th session he opened with a double
to left field, his third hit of the game.
From the midway bag he called for a
relief runner, and Mann was sent to bis
Bush purposely passed Gilbert, sent
In as a pinch hitter for James. When
Moran bunted half way between third
and the pitchers' box Bush grabbed the
Concluded on lase 13.1
1 09.0 H-