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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 1, 1914)
. THE MORNING' OREGOXIAN, WEDXESDAY, JULY 1, 1914.
PROMISES, SAYS T.R.
Colonel Arraigns Party, but
Warns Against "Govern
ment by Convulsion."
OLD "BOSSES" ARRAIGNED
Tariff Declared Unfair, Trust Policy
"Hopelessly Wrong" Xo Way
Provided for "Passing Pros
fContlnneJ From First Page.)
i Mo nrosrress naa oeeu
j v .9M Inward Bolutlon or tne
trust' question, and on this point he
went into what he later said was the
most comprehensive statement of his
position he had ever made.
Candidacies Briefly Touched On.
Colonel Roosevelt came here to speak
in support of the candidacy of S. Dean
Lewis for Governor and of Gifford
Pinchot for United States Senator.
Their qualifications he touched on at
the opening of his speech. Thereafter
he confined himself to the National
"Tfi nresent National Administra
- v. "is pursuing a course
w' Timanti the existence of prosper
ity. and that does not offer a single
-Ji r- intellleible plan for passing
prosperity round, should prosperity, in
spite of the Administration o -
- ,.- tirnn return to our people.
mi. i. hnth as regards the
trust question and the tariff question.
As regards both the only wise course
to follow is that -set forth in the Na
tional Progressive platform. The Na
tion should deal with both by continu
ing executive action through Adminis
trative commissions of ample power.
Once commission should shape our tar
iff policies so as. with thorough knowl
edge disinterestedly acquired, to give
proper encouragement to our merchants
while also giving proper protection to
our wage workers, our farmers and our
business men. The other commission
should exercise strict supervision and
control over big business. We should
treat it with entire justice, drawing
the line not on size, but on misconduct.
Big Business to Be Encouraged.
"We should encourage the big busi
ness man who does well and who re
gards his great abilities as a trust to
be exercised as much in the Interest of
the public as in his own interests. But
we .should check and punish him ef
fectually and promptly when he exer
cise these abilities to the detriment
either of the smaller business man with
whom he competes or the wage workers
who should share with him the bene
fits of his and their common efforts
or of the general public whom he
""As8" regards the tariff, I wish espe
cially to call your attention to r the
promises made by President Wilson
and his supporters two years ago. They
asserted that their method of tariff re
duction would reduce the cost of liv
ing and would thus solve the trust
question, because, as they
trusts were the creatures of the tarlii.
We then answered that their promises
were empty words, that no such results
as they stated could or would follow
from the course they advocated, and
that only by the method we proposed
could either the trust or the tariff ques
tion be dealt with so as to abate the
existing evils and at the ame time in
crease the general well being.
Promises Not Kept.
Two short years have proved us to
be right. Their promises have not been
kept. Their performance has brought
distress upon the Nation. The cost of
living has not been reduced. But the
ability of the average man to earn a
living has been greatly reduced. Not
the slightest progress has been made
toward solving the trust question. But
the business community has been har
assed and harried to no purpose, and
the prosperity of the business man has
been checked, exactly as the prosperity
of the farmer and the wage worker
has been checked.
"As for the farmer, the present tarirr,
the Administration's tariff, was so
framed as to result in the sacrifice of
his interests. He had no spokesman,
no friends in high quarters and his
welfare was contemptuously sacrificed.
At every point where his interest was
concerned be was made to suffer. As
for the wage worker, the result of the
tariff was that he suffered even more
than his employer, for he was thrown
out of employment and lost the means
to earn his livelihood.
Foreign Rivals Benefited.
"As for the employer, sometimes he
has been able to struggle on with the
loss of profits, sometimes he has had
to close his shop. In business in which
any of the big trusts were concerned, it
was the small competitors of the trusts
who were injured and in many cases
ruined. Tariff reduction as put into
practice by the present Administration
has chiefly benefited foreign rivals
"It Is of course essential to rebuke
those leaders who by their action
helped to put the present Administra
tion in power, and, moreover, it is of
vital consequence to the future well
being of our people to drive from
public life all men whose political
activities in state and Nation alike
have been such as those of Senator
Penrose. This is not only a political
but a moral issue. I mention the
name of Senator Penrose merely be
cause he typifies a class. Mr. Penrose
stands in Pennsylvania as Mr. Barnes
stands in New York.
"Their political lives depend on their
keeping politics in such condition that
decent men cannot succeed them.
Republican "BoMei" Arraigned.
"Rather than see this control broken,
Messrs. Penrose, Barnes and their as
sociates deliberately put the Demo
cratic organization and Mr. Wilson Into
power at Washington,"
Concluding his Indictment of the
"bosses" he outlined what he styled the
"specific performances" of the Progres
sive party in the matter of state and
national legislation, and again, took up
the tariff question.
"We Progressives advocate the crea.
tion of a non-partisan commission," he
said, "with power to propose revision
f the tarifT rates, schedule by schedule,
treating each case on an intelligent
consideration of its merits, divorced
from favoritism and the fostering of
special interests. Our proposed
methods would never disorganise busi
ness by a complete change In all the
tariff schedules at one time."
Trade Commission Demanded.
Of the Progressive anti-trust pro
gramme, he said: "It is primarily an
administrative problem. To meet it,
we must have adequate administrative
"The Progressives therefore advocate
the creation of a strong inter-state
trade commission and would give such
commission, primarily, three powers:
"First The power of investigation.
"Second The power directly to pro
hibit all unfair trade, practices within
"Third, the power to end the exclu
sive control of a factor necessary to
production by an order adapted to the
circumstances of the particular case.
, "Contrasted with this programme,
we have the Democratic anti-trust
programme now under discussion in
the Senate. That programme proves
the inadequacy of the Democratic party
or the present and the future of the
Nation. It is. and always will be,
the states' rights party, the party op
posed to strong Federal action, the
"We cannot control our great Na
tional business without power. National
power. But the Democrats dare not
use power themselves nor let anyone
else have it. Their trust programme,
as it stands today, is made futile by
this fear. Their official Administra
tion bills propose a weak . Federal
trade commission, with no power ex
cept to investigate and report. Pro
gressive Congressmen voted for the bill,
not because it represents an adequate
attempt to deal with a great problem,
but in the hope that a day will ar
rive when the so-called trade commis
sion will be given sufficient power to
make it a real trade commission, such
as our National platform promises, and
Buch as the bills we have introduced
Clayton Bill Hopelessly Wrong.
"The House has also passed a bill
supplemental to the Sherman anti-trust
Pennsylvania.! Retorts That
Roosevelt Absolutely Nomi
nated Taft in 1908.
TWAIN ONCE FRIENDLY
Senator Says "Men Are Apt to Be
Bosses to Their Enemies and
Leaders to Tlielr Friends."
Change Ja Explained.
,tttii t.itio an. United States
Senator Penrose, who was In the city
tonight, gave out a statement replying
to Colonel Roosevelt's speech before
the mass meeting of the Progressive
BARE FISH TAKEN AT BAOTJON.
SEA RAT, 27 INCHES LONG.
BANDON, Or., June 29. (Special.) While trolling for salmon
Just off the bar of the Coquille River Saturday Charles Baker hooked
a 27-inch sea rat. a rare species of deep sea fish, the only one of
fts kind cfught here for several years. Although it has fins like
an- ordinary fish, the sea rat has two legs just behind the belly and
has teeth T resembling those of a rat. It has large green eyes and a
Sorn protrudfn from the middle of its back. A scratch from this
horn Is said to be dangerous.
wr . . V nrnvUlnnfl Of thiS
acu uiaiiy vi - -7
bill deserve commendation. Similar
provisions will be rouna in mo
gressive anti-trust bills.
....... .v. -i,vtnn hill roes hope-
lessly wrong in that it forbids spe
cifically any combination or agreement
. . . . AnmmAi.r.A hatween any
in iniBratttL. -
two or more corporations, firms or even
individuals, which in any way lessens
or restricts the competition between
them. This is the hub of their whole
position. They propose that two farm
ers selling milk across a state line
- nn,-ati- nnrt that two men
doing any business across a state line
cannot form a partnership or a corpora
tion.. They insist tna.i aaa-
wi huainoao nnwer. concentrated
power, or large enterprise anywhere.
and that our Dusiness niui
to the period of not merely 1850, but
1650; to the cobbler's bench, the grist
mill and the blacksmith forge.
"New Freedom" Exceedingly Old,
1 . t-v. i ... AAnnnmlr nhsmrditv. TTnlim-
1113 IO LLUIIUI."'. -
lted competition has proved one of the
greatest curses of modern civilization.
The" new freedom is merely the ex
ceedingly old freedom which permits
each man to cut his neighbor's throat.
"By long and disappointing experi
ence, we have had several cardinal
facts hammered Into us.
"First, we cannot and do not want
to destroy all corporations; we must
have large units to do our work.
"Second, we cannot make every man
compete with every other man; we can
not go back to 1850, still less to 1650.
"Third, we cannot destroy monopoly
by attacking all forms of concentra
tion, whether monopolistic or not.
"Fourth, we cannot destroy real
monopoly by attacking Its legal form.
We must find out and take away the
real economic basis of monopoly.
Action of Courts Too Slow.
"Fifth, we can get no effective
results through the courts with their
slow and restricted procedure.
"Sixth, we must encourage honest
business and allow that business con
centration which will give the power
necessary to serve us.
"Seventh, there must be co-operation
among business men, among wage
workers and among farmers.
"We have had now 24 years' experi
ence with trying to regulate business
"The result has been nearly flat
failure. The Administration proposes
a policy of further destruction, even
more unintelligent in conception and
certain to be more futile in perform
ance than the existing policy which
"The only alternative la the Progres
sive plan. From all of this it follows
that we have a right to ask good cit
izns to Join against the political ad
ministration. The policies of the Ad
ministration should be rebuked by the
people and Senators and Congressmen
returned to Washington who will strive
to end these policies."
26 YEARS' SERVICE ENDED
Michael J. Kennedy Resigns Place as
City Water Inspector.
Michael J. Kennedy, one of the old
est city employes in point of service
and age, has tendered his resignation to
Superintendent Kaiser after 26 years'
service as a water inspector. He will
leave the employ of the city.
Mr. Kennedy entered the service in
1880 as foreman of the Water Bureau,
the year after the purchase of the old
Portland Water Company's plant by the
city. Since that time he has missed
few days' time. He says he has saved
up enough money so that he can spend
the rest of his days without working.
E. A. BLANCHARD IN RACE
Ex-Mayor or Hood River to Run for
Legislature as Independent.
HOOD RIVER, Or., June 30. (Spe
cial.) E. O. Blanchar, ex-Mayor of
this city, has announced he will be
come an Independent candidate for
Joint Representative from Hood River
and Wasco counties. Fetitions for the
nomination of Mr. Blanchar are being
prepared and will be circulated here
and in Wasco County. j
At the recent primary election Tr. J.
E. Anderson and J. L. Kelly, of The
Dalles, received the nominations.
League. The Senator referred to the
rebuke of bossism and continued:
"It is difficult for me to determine
just when Mr. Roosevelt reached the
conclusion to which he refers. It cer
tainly was not in 1904, when the re
turns from Pennsylvania in the Presi
dential election in that year were sent
to him by me as chairman of the Re
publican state committee and to which
I received from him in reply the fol
" "My dear Senator Penrose: Upon my
word, of all phenomenal returns, the
returns from Pennsylvania are most
phenomenal. I thank you. Faithfully
yours. Theodore Roosevelt.' ,
Relations Once Cordial.
"In foct during the whole period of
Mr. Roosevelt's Presidency my rela
tions with him were cordial. I co-operated
with him in nearly all of his poli
cies as a member of the United States
Senate, and when certain potential ele
ments in the Republican uarty were
plotting to defeat Mr. Roosevelt for
the nomination in 1904, I was, as chair
man of the Republican state committee
of Pennsylvania, most active in having
him indorsed at our state convention.
"I am further informed that Mr.
Roosevelt refers to the fact that I op
posed him for nomination at the Re
publican National Convention in 1912
and I take it that this is the real rea
son for his change of attitude. Men are
apt to be bosses to their enemies and
leaders to their friends.
"Mr. Roosevelt had assured me in the
most positive terms that his ambition
had been fully satisfied and that under
no circumstances "would he ever be a
candidate again for the Presidency. He
assured many members of the Senate
and prominent Republicans from all
over the country to the same effect.
He had taken himself, as far as we
were Informed, entirely out of consid
eration in connection with this office.
Rules Were Roosevelt's Own.
"In the Republican National conven
tion Mr. Roosevelt at no time had a
majority of the convention. The rules
under which the convention acted re
garding delegates and all other mat
ters of procedure were precisely the
rules which Mr. Roosevelt had insisted
on in the National convention 0 1908.
"It will be recalled that Mr.
Roosevelt had absolut :y named Mr.
Taft for the Presidency. Whether Mr.
Roosevelt considers this an act of
bossism or not, I don't know. But to
me, at the time, it seemed like the
most offensive act of bossism that
could be perpetrated in American
"In 1908 in the convention of which
I am speaking, Mr. Roosevelt, through
a Cabinet officer who was in full
charge and in hourly communication
with the White House, insisted on de
feating any rule proposed to alter the
system of Southern representation, it
was defeated on the floor of the con
vention absolutely through the boss
orders issued by Mr. Roosevelt's per
sonal and official representative and
the Southern representation was main
tained as heretofore. Delegates elected
for Fairbanks were ruthlessly thrown
out by the committee on credentials.
All the other contests of delegates op
posed to Taft were treated in about as
cold-blooded a way as I have ever wit
nessed in my attendance on meetings
of the National committee in 20 years.
The convention was organized and
nominated Mr. Taft.
Colonel's Suggestions Criticised.
"I have not, of course, opportunity
to discuss Mr. Roosevelt's address In
full; neither am I called upon, I sup
pose, to do so at this time. His gen
eralities, of course, are commendable;
his specific recommendations about a
committee to regulate business and a
committee to legislate for the tariff,
are to my mind, superficial and fraught
with very great dangers. Certainly
the tariff legislation should not be de
layed by the interminable investiga
tions of any more tariff commissions.
"We demand a Republican majority
In the House and Senate and a Repub
lican President at the earliest' oppor
tunity to pass in the course of two or
three months a tariff bill which will
afford adequate protection and bring
about a return of prosperity to the
country. The people are sick and tired
of theorists and demagogues, whom
they have listened to long enough. They
are now demanding practical results
and an early restoration of prosper
Mrs. Elizabeth C. Vincent. who re
cently died at Cincinnati bequeathed (440
o her friend, Oliver W. Norton, "to be
146 FOURTH ST.
Between Alder and Morrison Streets
Sensational Footwear Bargains!
COMMENCING TODAY AT 8 A. M.
Surpassing in its big savings. All previous shoe sales in Portland will fade into nothing when compared to
the terrific underpneing. To buy footwear elsewhere during this sale will be sheer extravagance. Excit
ing bargains, as you will see by reading tne partial u&i oeiow
Women's $3.00 to $5.00 Button Men's $3.50 to $5.00 Oxfords, all Women's $3.50 and $4 00 Tan
Shoes and Bluchers sizes 2, 2& leathers, not all sizes, Calf Pumps and Oxfords, But-
3 sy2 only ton and Blucliers
.'. $j.OO . $15Q $1.5Q
Women's $3.00 to $5.00 White Women's $3.50 and $4 00 Vici
$1.85 1 $1.95 1 S2.95
GOODYEAR SHOE CO.
146 4th STREET
Bet Morrison and Alder
GUARD IS IN TRIM
Third Oregon, at Inspection, Is
Complimented by Colonel.
ALL IS READY FOR CAMP
Portland Companies Largely Repre
sented and Go Through Maneu
vers Like Begnlars; Few Dozen
Recruits Are Ranted.
tirj.i. ...11 .niilnmAiit for field ser-
VV 1 L II lull -
vice, the Third Oregon Infantry was
mustered, inspected and reviewed last
night at the Armory by the command
ing officer, Colonel C. H. Martin. The
.o tho mmrterlv inspection
and the turnout, in readiness for field
service, was occasioned oy mo i"'
aimroach of Summer maneuvers at
The regiment maae an impmuu -
v.a man nil In Rnrvice
Dearanco, wk u
. . .i, hlanlfAf - rnlln slun&T
unuoruia " , . ; . , -
across their shoulders and kits packed.
Detailed inspection ujapiajcu ..
. . i AnmnaTiri in nreoarcd and
Uiai LJl O ...v ... r--r-
equipped for field service, down to
the smallest aeiau.
The attendance was bo large that
trouble was experienced in maneuver
ing the troops about the spacious drill
hall, which occupies a full half block.
in Bi-r Portland, companies were large
Tne Dattauons wo m
. , t a xtnwman anil Ci. T. Smith.
jytajura -aj. ,
The companies were in command ot
v a i. Tk T)rur
Captains w. x: uausuici i., .
man. Frank Sever, Leo Pironl. George
' T. W f!nnnp. The
25CnUlTltt.H.ei AA11VA M -
Ambulance company was in command
ii -l- .3 Unsnl tol
of Captain jreaaicjt a-uu
a .u-m.n waa r nm m untied b V
Major M. B. Marcellus, regimental
. A .. n A t.Ao inmnlAtAll
chief surgeon, wno juoi aao.o .u...k.. -organization
work of this branch.
The Third Keglment now will pre
pare for the encampment, for which
the 'local troops will detrain in two
. . k iiiiHoi panvass for 10
weeits, iq o -
days, engaging in field maneuvers with
the Twenty-first United States Infantry
and the First laano mianiry.
aiai . v. aha eiY Portland companies
are recruited up to a point approach
es war strength. It was announced
- - jn.an rsomlts are wanted.
Enlistments will be made all this week
and each applicant wno n ,
, j i )Q , AriTn natlon Will be
requireu D11-'1' , , .
provided with full equipment, tnclud-
. . l.Un.i. AvnAnnA tn Film
ing unnormH, xiuivui "--;-
.Jff oni will be taken to the maneu
vers' under full pay.
.. i .i. a inanArttnn Colonel
Martin took occasion to compliment
the officers and men upon u
lent showing they made and to ex
press his convicsnon uim a..."
f t.v. thA flAld for anv sort
IS reay i. lau " - -
of service on short notice. After the
military events or tne evenms a-
ficers entertainer miuin..uj ...
. . nnflrtArs. while the
ooara ..v,... " - 77 ' . . ,
men held a dance in the regimental
EXHIBIT SPACE ARRANGED
Nearly 100,000 Sqnare Feet Planned
for Land Products Show;
. en nnn and 100.000 sauare
feet of exhibit space are being arranged
for In the plans for the exhibit of the
Manufactures ana Liana rrwucu
at the Armory in October and Novem
ber. This space will oe leeu vy mo
erection of temporary exhibit buildings
adjoining the Armory wnicn is tne main
Indorsement and promise of co-operation
for the big show was made by the
Board of Governors of the Commercial
Club at Its meeting yesterday and by
the Rotary Club at its luncheon at
GROSS EARNING TAX VALID
Washington Supremo Court Ruling
Means $50,00 0 to State.
OLYMPIA, Wash., June 30. The Su
preme Court sitting en banc . today
reversed a department decision and
held constitutional a 6 per cent gross
earnings tax on express companies
doing business in the State of Wash
ington. The law reads that the tax
shall be "on the" gross receipts of such
express companies for business done
within the State of Washington.
Tne tax in question, which was de
clared void by the department decision
of last December, is now reinstated,
and the state will collect more than
$50,000 a year from this source. The
decision is signed by seven of the nine
judges. Two dissent.
The title of the case is that of the
state, appellant, against the Northern
Japanese Murderer Sentenced.
VANCOUVER, B.C., June 30. Justice
Gregory today sentenced Jack Kong, a
17-year-old Chinese, to pass the rest
of his life in the Penitentiary for the
murder of Mrs. Millard here three
CAMP SUES CHOSEN
Activity for Chautauqua Rivals
Real "Gold" Strike.
SESSIONS- OPEN TUESDAY
Thousand Campers Are Expected at
13-Day Assembly "Tent City"
at Gladstone Park May Be
Largest of All.
OREGON CITT Or.. June 30. (Spe
cial.) Scenes which resemble those fol
lowing a "strike" of gold in some new
mining country are being enacted dally
down at Gladstone Fark. preparatory
to the opening of Chautauqua Tuesday.
The "staking out" or the "locating"
of cantp sites has been going on in
earnest all this week and there la al
most as much excitement and competi
tion to secure choice camping quarters
as there is among prospectors to locate
near the "pay" streak.
Tent reservations continue to pour
Into the secretary's office. If the pres
ent pace continues until the smslon
opens Gladstone Park will harbor a
"tent city" fully twice as large as any
The hot weather of the last few days,
with promises of ideal weather during
the next two weeks, has resulted In an
unprecedented Interest among would
be campers. While the reservations are
being checked at Secretary Cross' of
fice here, the ground men and the
"scouts" for the campers are busy
checking off their sites In the 75-acre
Each place is being marked plainly
by stages showing the boundaries and
usually the name of the party reserv
Friday and Saturday the campers
will begin to arrive; Saturday and Sun
day they will come by tha dozen, and .
on Monday the "tenters" will arrive
In droves. Tuesday thr strsrB'ers will
pitch their tents, and by Wednesday,
the second day of the assembly, the
"white city" will have been finished In
every detail. Probably no less then
1000 campers will be on the grounds for
the big 13-day assembly.
All tents will be numbered as soon ss
possible after the camps are up. A
directory is kept at the secretary's tt
flce for reference of friends In locat
ing Chautauqua parties on tht ground.
lUany Portland and Oregon City bul
ness men send their families to th j "tent
city' 'each year, and they come down
to "do" Chautauqua after buslnvp
hours. The excellent car service di
rectly Into the grounds makes this pos
sible tor the busy business man.
KinAtAAn taten now reniilrA in cxAmi-
I nation In asrlculture to h before
a techr cn obtntn a certlf1rt tn ta-h.
II m 1 sssr I ASaasBjaA
T Latest Mchihl
R Sixteen laesr do nee records
and eicM otfcer selections-
locludinolbe new donee
Dia tJOUSeeMr. feana a loV of
' . I I ! rr sn: Art4
here several days
but tjestidci&y they
all weni home
ii i 3 r
7 ynx H?
Goody Vneij can
run back "fe .
I ll .A.M1
, y be rf eii; '
Bill and Mrs. Bill were seen coming back yesterday from across the river. The broad Bmile
indicates the satisfaction and relief Bill felt when learning that at last the coast was clear.