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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 2, 1914)
VOL. LIT XO. 16,723.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, JULY 2, ' 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
RATE PLEA AFFECTS
PORTLAND, IS REPLY
Railroads Present Case
in Astoria's Fight
DECREASE HERE MAY BE ASKED
Proposed Parity in Schedule
Held to Be' Unprofitable.
STATISTICS ARE GIVEN
Astorlan, at Hearing, Denies This
City Factor In Application for
Same Figures as Paget Sound.
I Kxport Gains Here Told.
Attorneys and traffic officials of va
rious Northwestern railroads industri
ously provided the record of A. D.
Push, examiner for - the Interstate
Commerce Commission, yesterday with
statistics and information intended to
how that Astoria's demand for ter
minal rates affects the shipping: Inter
ests of Portland as well as those of
Puget Sound, - but that, even should
the rates be granted, ocean-going car
riers could and would continue to come
to Portland to receive and unload
They went farther and tried to prove
that should the Astoria rate be cut to
meet the Puget Sound rate, the ship
pers and railroad interests of Portland
will promptly ask the Commission to
grant a reduction in the Portland rate
on the theory that Astoria is 100 miles
farther from the interior than is Port
land and that the railroad should not
be permitted to charge as much for
the Portland haul as for the Astoria
Nt Change Predicted.
Then, with Astoria and Puget Sound
having the same rates and Portland
having lower rates, the railroad attor
neys sought to show, the carriers
serving Puget Sound would be forced.
to preserve their business, to meet the
n'.V Portland rate, thus reducing the
, relative position of the .three affected
' points to that existing at the present
By this arrangement, they pointed
eut, Astoria would be just where it
is today, regarding its relation to
Puget Sound, and the revenues of the
railroads would be materially reduced.
Revenae Held Inadequate.
These revenues, the railroads went
to considerable trouble to show, now
are not sufficient to pay the carriers
an adequate return for their services.
In the case of the O.-W. R. & N. Com
pany the business does not produce
money enough to pay dividends, and
has not since the company was - or
ganized; and in the case of the Spo
kane, Portland & Seattle, the North
Bank Road, the revenue does not pro
vide Interest on Its bonds. The Ore
gon Trunk, a North Bank feeder, does
not even pay operating expenses.
Ex-Senator G W. Fulton, represent
ing the City of Astoria, contended
throughout yesterday's proceedings, as
he did on the previous day, that the
position of Portland Is not a factor in
the case at all and repeatedly reminded
the examiner and the railroad lawyers
that his original complaint asks, only
for an adjustment of the Astoria rate
to meet the Puget Sound rate without
even considering the Portland rate.
Portland Prominent Factor.
Mr. Fuiton implied that he is seeking
an order from the Commission that will
make it imperative upon the carriers
to give the same rates to Astoria that
apply to Puget Sound, regardless of
what the Puget Sound rates are and
regardless of what the Portland rates
are. Under such an arrangement the
railroads could go so far as they like
in reducing the Puget Sound rates, be
cause the Astoria rates would go down
at the same time.
Regardless, however, of Senator
Fulton's efforts to keep Portland out
of the fight, Portland was a ' very
prominent factor in yesterday's fight,
bo prominent in fact that a night ses
sion was necessary.
Terminal Effect Described.
Typical of the way Portland figured
In the case was the direct examination
of W. D. Skinner, traffic manager of
the North Bank road. C. A. Hart, at
torney for the North Bank, told what.
in his opinion, the effect would be of
a terminal rate at Astoria.
"Tho O.-W. R. & N. Co. doubtless
would seek to protect its interests at
I'ortland," he replied, "and would cut
under the Astoria rate enough to in
duce ships to come here for cargo."
To a later question Mr. Skinner said
that he had been told that if Astoria
gets terminal rates, Portland will ask
for lower rates.
"What have you heard about plans
of Portland people to ask for a lower
rate?" asked Mr. Hart.
Retort Follows Protest. -
"Well, now, I think that is about
enough .of that kind of questioning,"
protested Senator Fulton. "It seems
that .these railroads are holding out
urgent invitations for someone In
Portland to apply for lower rates."
"Oh, I guess they don't need much
of an Invitation." shot back Mr. Hart.
Under cross-examination Mr. Skinner
expressed it as his opinion that the
Grays Harbor rate, which is lower than
the Astoria rate. Is "an improper ad
justment." He considered It inadvisable to meet
ttfonllnusd ou Pat 2.)
WILSON GIVES GIRL
ALICE WEATHER SOX OUTWITS
POSTMASTER AT FXOKEXCE.
Bolt Conies From Clear Sky as Presi
dential Mandate, Approved by
Senate, Is Handed Him,
EUGENE. Or., July 1. (Special)
Alice Weatherson, a 25-year-old Flor
ence miss, not only -utwltted Post
master Buchanan, of Florence, but she
went directly to President Wilson and
Senator Chamberlain and asked them
to oust a Democrat from of floe In
order that ahe might have the place.
She got It
The rounr lady returned to her
home on the Lane County coast. Sun
day, carrying the appointment of post
mistress, signed by the President and
confirmed by the Senate.
Mr. Buchanan and he reluctantly ac-
cepts defeat. He has declined to turn
over the office to the new postmistress
and, with an attorney, is in -Eugene
today consulting, among other au
thorities, the Democratic precinct
chairman here. The latter's partisan
ear has listened sympathetically to his
protestations regarding various ainas
of political "deals," but admits the
situation is hopeless.
When Postmaster Kyle resigned,
nearly a. year ago, he recommended
Miss Weatherson. Buchanan,
Democrat, was appointed. Miss
Weatherson shortly afterward left.
supposedly for a visit with an aunt in
Massachusetts. Meanwhile, the office
was raised from fourth to third class.
Buchanan understood that he would re
main as postmaster and filed the
necessary bonds. He thought -nothing
more of it until his rival presented her
appointment this week.
ril C CATC CIRM A Wn niFS
Owner of Animal Now Wants $35
for Cloth-Devouring Quadruped.
ALB ANT, Or.. July 1. (Special. To
recover the value of a calf which died
from eating one of the firm's cloth ad-
vertlslng signs. Frank Cooper, who re-
sides near Tangent, has presented a
bill for $35 to M. Sternberg & Co.. of
A few days ago the firm's advertising
man posted a cloth sign on Cooper's!
barn. One of his horses pawed the
sign down onto the ground and a calf
ate it. The calf is now dead.
MRS. WILSON PLANS REST
Wife of President Prepares for Va-
. -... cation at Cornish, X. H.
' WASHINGTON. July 1. Mrs. Wilson,
the wife of the President, accompanied
by Miss Helen Woodrow Bones, prob
ably will go to Cornish, N. H., next
week to begin her Summer vacation.
Miss Margaret Wilson is not expected
to be with her mother much this Sum
mer, because of editorial duties, which
will take her to Madison, Wis.. The
President has as yet made no plans for
TRANS-OCEAN TALK SOON
Marconi Wireless Phone to Be Used
Wales to Xew York, This Year.
LONDON. July 1. "Mr. Marconi con- 1
templates being able to telephone from
Carnarvon, Wales, to New York before
the end of this year," was the state
ment made today by the manager of
the company in testifying before the
Dominion's Royal Commission on Im
He added that Mr. Marconi also ex
pected to Increase the speed of the
wireless to 300 words a minute.
AUTO .FEES MAKE GAIN
Registration for Six Months Heavier
Than In All of 1913.
SALEM, Or., July L (Special.)
Secretary of State Olcott announced
today that the fees for motor vehicles,
dealers' and chauffeurs' registration
for-June, totaled $1774. In June, 1913,
4450 was received.
The fees so far this year total $69,-
110.50 as compared with $48,609 in 1513
and $37,390 In 1912. Almost $13,000
more has been received thus far this
year than was received during the
whole of. 1913.
BROTHER SEES LAD DROWN
Salem Boy Sinks When Cramps Take
Him in Deep Water.
SALEM. Or., July 1. (Special.)
With his little brother only a few
feet from him, but unable to render
assistance, Paul Reamer 12 years old.
sou of Dr. E. F. Reamer, of 1605 Court
street, drowned In North Mill Creek to
day. The lads went swimming shortly
after noon, and Paul, who could swim
but little, ventured beyond his depth.
A physician thinks his death was due
to a cramp caused by overeating of
SHIP... OFFICERS ACCUSED
Indignant Passengers on Harvard
Say "Shanghaied" Man Beaten.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 1. On the
complaint- of indignant passengers,
warrants were issued, today in the
United. States District Court for the
arrest of the . captain, first mate and
chief steward of the Pacific Navigation
Company's steamer Harvard, which ar
rived here today from San Diego and
The three are charged with having
beaten Louis Lull, who said he had
been shanghaied at San Diego.
SENATE TO FINISH
Democratic Caucus De
cides to Stay. 1
DEFINITE NOTICE IS SERVED
Resolution Is Answer to Advo
v cates of Adjournment.
MAY BE CHANGED
Members Xot Bound as to Votes, but
New Caucus Will Be Called If
It Is Decided Party Lash
Should Be Applied.
WASHINGTON, July 1. Democrats of
the Senate, in conference late today,
adopted a resolution declaring their
purpose to stay In session until the
trust legislation passed by the House
has been acted on by the Senate. The
resolution does not bind Senators to
vote for the bills without change.
The resolution is designed to serve
definite and final notice to business
and the country that anti-trust legisla
tion Is to be passed before Congress
Quits Washington. It was proposed by
President and with other Democratic
Answer Given to Propaganda,
Senator Stone said it was Intended as
an answer to the propaganda for Imme
dlate adjournment of Congress.
,if the party leaders decide In the
future that it will be necessary to make
party measures of the three House
bills or the substitutes offered for them,
another conference will be held for
the purpose of binding Democrats to
definite legislation. Some Senators
thought the resolution might bind Sen
ators to vote for the bills, but Senator
Kern, chairman of the conference, de
clared that such was not Its purpose,
and a clause stating this in specific
terms was adopted by a close vote.
P Caucus Not Binding as to Bills.
The explanatory clause, attached to
the resolution reads as follows:
'The resolution herein before adopt
ed Is Intended merely as an expression
of the purpose of the majority party in
reference to adjournment."
Senator Kern, as majority leader, will
ask the Senate to hold night sessions j
next week to take up the calendar and
The trade commission bill already Is
before the Senate and a vote may be
asked for any day.
The railroad securities bill and the
Clayton bill are still in committee, but
it is possible one of them "may be re-
SConcIuded on Pag 2.)
i PRESIDENT AZV zk 17,
- 1 " ' ..- - . :
j ............ ...... I llTies'sSSSStSTST-TTt-T-T------"------'""-
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTERDAra Maximum temperature,
degree: minimum, 69 degreea
TODAY'S Fair; not so warm; northwesterly
Huerta says half of Mexico City will die
with him before be resigns. Page 1.
Peer resents Idea that illustrious ancestry
should bar man from honest work. Page 3.
Navy plucking board retires IS officers with
reluctance. Page 1.
Senate Democrats in caucus decide to stay
until trust programme is complete. Page u
Women persist In efforts to obtain action
by Congress on suffrage question. Page
Ex-Minister to Colombia denies pending
treaty contains "apology. Page 2.
Proposed rate for carrying mail- on railroads
denounced by Mr. Bourne as comiscatory,
Ashes from Mount Lassen's 14th eruption
tall 14 miles away. Page 1.
Colonel may make a few speeches as test of
threat. Page 5.
Young elopers from Portland caught at
San Francisco. Page 3.
Murder inquiry reveals telephone device In
stiued in doctor's consultation room or
whs. xage u. f
Coast League results: Venice 7,. Portland 5
Sacramento 3, San Francisco l; Horn An
geles 1. Oakland Z. Page 8.
Northwestern Leairue results: Spokane 9,
Portland 3; Vancouver 4-H. Seattle -S-7
Tacoma S-7, Victoria 4-5. Page t.
Hal Chase to go Into court and fight for
right to play with Federals. Page V.
Two American oarsmen win preliminaries in
trials at Henley course, England. .Page 8.
parties In Idaho adopt prohibition
planks. Page 6,
Tacoma Controller defies Mayor In dlspnte
over payment of SS0.000 . In salaries.
Lodges will compete at Fourth of July eel-
ebratlon at Vancouver. Page 7.
Annual regatta opens at Astoria this morn
lng. Page 8.
Alice Weatherson outwits Florence Fostmas.
ter and gets his Job. Page 1.
State compensation act In effect. Page fl.
Commercial and Marine,
Hon croo orospects In most producing cen
ters are favorable. Page 39.
Wheal prices at Chicago lifted by unerpeet.
ed foreign advance. Page 19.
Stock market narrow and price movement
irregular. Page 19.
Naval Mllltla sail for Honolulu. Page 18.
Portland and Vicinity.
Psychological bogey to be burned in eleo-
tiical celebration of Fourtn. page is.
Portland Chamber of Commerce members
vote "wet," 470 to 111. Page 14.
Life of drunkard described at hearing of
commission. Page 10.
Grocers - aroused by alleged frauds at mar
ket. Page 18.
Weather report, data end forecast. Page IS.
Portland sending to China for more eggs.
Rallroid lawyers contend Portland Is affect
ed by Astoria a rate reduction plea.
Portland Importing corn from South Amer
ica and the Orient. Page 13.
LAGUE SPREAD BY FLEAS
Source of New Orleans Bubonic In-
fection Traced, Is Belief.
NEW ORLEANS,. July 1. The real
cause of the spread of bubonlo plague
infection was revealed here today by
W. W. ' Wilkinson, now at an Isolation
camp Here undergoing treatment tor
Sending for Dr. Oscar Dowllng, pres
ident of , the State Board of Health,
Wilkinson told him he had been bitten
by fleas while at the warehouse of the
Volunteers of America. When stricken
he was lodging at the industrial homo
of the order, as was Charles Lund en e,
who died Sunday from the plague.
THEY'VE GOT HIM CORNERED.
15 ARE PLUCKED IN
Distinguished Men on
DANIELS ASKS CHANGE IN LAW
Captains Gibbons and Hill
Among Those Sacrificed.
ONE OREGON MAN GOES
Secretary Says Personnel Is Now In
Such Shape That Question Row
Is Not Who Is Unfit bat
Who Can Be Spared.
WASHINGTON, July 1. Fifteen Na
val officers, several of them .captains
with distinguished records, ended their
active careers today, on the recom
mendation of the dreaded "plucking
board." Secretary Daniels made pubic
the names of those selected for com
pulsory retirement this year, with
formal announcement that he expected
to ask for the reDeal of the law of
1899 under which the annual "plucking"
In addition to the list of those who
retired, several other officers had asked
for voluntady retirement and had all
the applications been accepted, tne
board would have been relieved of the
necessity of "plucking."
Last year, however, the President
decided not to permit the voluntary re
tirement of any officer who has not had
20 years' service after graduation from
the Naval Academy. The law requires
the creation of 40 vacancies annualfty,
with 15 compulsory retirements if nee-
Prominent Names Included.
Included in the list of "pluckeeR'. this
year are the names or some omcers
who have been so prominent In naval
circles as to cause great surprise among
their colleagues at their retirement.
Captain Gibbons has been superln
tendent of the. Naval .Academy ana
naval attache to the American Embassy
in London, assignments given to o
fleers of the highest professional abil
ity. Captain Hill is one of the younger
school of officers who became proml
nent through his outspoken criticism
of defects in the emplacement of armor
on the older battleships, which led to
radical changes in the designs.
"Health Merely "Unsatisfactory."
Some of the officers had been re
garded as in somewhat unsatisfactory
health, though not in a condition to
warrant medical condemnation.
Secretary Daniels., explained that
(Concluded on Page 2.)
GIVEN BY HUERTA
"BEFORE I RESIGX HALF OF
MEXICO CITY DIES," 1IE SAYS.
President of Distressed Nation Casts
Aside Usual Jocularity and Is
Taciturn While Taking Tea.
VERA CRUZ, July 1. "Before I re
sign, half the people jof Mexico City
will die with me." Is the remark
President Vlctor.ano Huerta 1. credited
with having made to friends on Mon-1
day, while sitting in a Mexico City cafe
The party was discussing the efforts I
of the mediators at Niagara Falls to
find a solution of the Mexican problem. I
Qeneral Huerta was more grim and I
taciturn than usual and showed little I
of his accustomed Jocularity.
When the passengers, who arrived
here today, left the capital yesterday,
General Huerta's family was , still
Constitutionalists in possession of
Tuxpan June 29 made a demonstration
against Americans In that port.. They!
marched through the streets shouting
"death to the Americans." No one
AUTOGRAPH LETTER FOUND
Seattle Man Uncovers Epistle Writ'
ten by Sir Walter Scott.
SEATTLE. Wash., July 1. An auto
graph letter of Sli Walter Bcott, dated
April 23, 1813, was found today by W.
E. Theodore In an old yolume of Wash-
ngton Irving's "Knickerbocker's His
tory of New York" which he pur
chased in a second-hand bookstore.
The letter Is an acknowledgment of
the receipt of an early edition of Irv-
ng's work. Mr. Theodore learned to
day that similar autographs of Bcott'!
had brought from 11200 to 12400.
The letter was folded, without an en
velope, and addressed to Henry Bre
voart, care of McTavlsh. Fraser & Com
MARYE NAMED FOR RUSSIA
Calfiornian, Linguist and Interna
tional Law Student, Wilson Choice.
WASHINGTON, July 1. George T.
Marye, Jr., of San Francisco, has been
finally nominated for Ambassador to
RuBSla. President Wilson today sent
his name to the Senate.
Mr. Marye Is one of the younger Cal
ifornia pioneers. He was born in Balti
more in 1849 and his parents took blm
to California as an Infant. He was a
stock broker for 30 years and was at
one time president of the Pan Fran
cisco Stock Exchange until his retire
ment. In 1905, . 1
BIRD SEASON TO
O I AIM U
Plea for Amendment as to Migratory
Fowls Is Refused.
OREGON'IAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, July 1. Senator Chamberlain
was advised today by the Secretary of
Agriculture that his department cannot
grant the petition of the Harney
County citizens asking an open season
for migratory game birds, beginning
September I, and that March 1 be in
cluded in the open aeason.
At present no state has an open sea
son during March, and October 1 is
the general date for opening the sea
HOT DAYS BENEFIT HOPS
Vines Grow Fast and Lane- County
Growers Expect Big1 Crop.
EUGENE, Or., July 1. (Special.)
Lane County hopgrowers are shilling
as the temperature Increases. Every
hot day is tending to make one of the
best crops in years. One grower saya
that he expects to harvest 2500 pounds
an acre, and sees little danger of los
ing the crop.
Every hopyard In the county Is said
to be in the best of condition. The
vines are clean and are growing fast.
CORN COMES FROM JAPAN
Seattle Firm Receives Shipment of
3000 Bags at Low Price.
SEATTLE, Wash., July 1. Three
thousand bags of corn arrived from
Japan today, consigned to a local mill
The price of the grain landed In
Seattle is the same as that of corn
from the Middle States, and the quality
is high Further importations are ex
Santa Fe Announces End jot Its Re
SAN BERNARDINO," Cal., July 1.
Announcing that the retrenchment pol
icy put into effect aome months agorB
had been terminated, the Santa Ke rail
road increased today the working hours
of 1000 men in the shops at this point
from 40 to 45 a week.
The increase In working time applies
to all departments of the shops.
Drouth Broken In Missouri.
ST. LOUIS, July 1. The drouth that
has prevailed here since May 29 was
broken today by a rain that amounted
to 66 one-hundredths of an Inch. Rain
was general In Missouri.
Russian Army Airman Killed.
PSKOV. Russia. Julr 1 Cantain Bo-
Urnrlo. a Russian army aviator, was
killed today when his monoplane col-
lansed and fell from a treat heiaht. I the
ASHES FKUffl LASSEN
FALL 13 ft
Two Eruptions Appear
to Be Simultaneous.
R nflKFNFfl STFIM RISFS Mil F
Odor of Sulphur Emphasizes
True Volcanic Nature.
NEW FISSURE OBSERVED
Phenomenon Is Seen to Advantage
In Early Attorning Hours Out
bursts Thus Far Progres
RED BLUFF. July 1. After less than
24 hours of quiescence, Lussen Peak
burst forth early today In a stupend
ous eruption the fourteenth In the
series that began May 30. No flames
were seen, but the vast plume of black
ened steam from the crater waved a
mile high In the sky and volcanlo ash
fell at Maeomber Plata, 13 miles dig.
For a little less than half an hour
the Inverted cone of soaring gases
maintained sharply defined the well
known volcanic outline. First, from
the mouth of the crater Itself, stood
up a vertical shaft of Jet black ash.
As the shaft rose It mushroomed out
ward, keeping In Its heart the black
core of ash, but beginning to shade Into
whites and grays at the edroa ant
flnallly fanning outward over the sky
In a vast panoply of gloom.
Obarrrera Ilae Cood Vlrw.
The air was clear today, and from
the moment the eruption beaan. at 6:4".
A. M.. until the spreading- cloud of
amoke ebscured vision, the phenom
enon could be observed with precision.
So great was the force of the erup
tion that the height of tha cloud Beamed
to equal the distance from the mouth
of the crater to the plateau at the
base of the peak proper. It was almo.t
as If one mountain had been stood ainp
of the other.
At this distance there was the ap
pearance of what aeemed a thin sheet
of gases hissing from a crevice or fla-
h . 4 . .. H-..v - t . . . . .
iope, aisunrt irom
the main crater Itself. Two eruption-!
seemed to be going at the same time.
New Vest -of Larce Usteat.
The length of thla fissure or Its
position with relation to the main
crater were Indeterminate today, but.
judging from appearances, the new
vent was of considerable length.
The true volcanic nature of the erup.
tlon, aa determined by J. 8. toiler, of
the United Statea Geological Kurvev.
waa further emphasized today by tha
strong stench of sulphur perceptible at
Volta and at Viola, 22 miles down tha
wind to tha north. No ashes fell at
the United States forest station at
Mineral, which lay up the wind.
These last two successive eruptions of
the peak emphasized the warning given
by Mr. Dlller, after his reconnaissance,
that nothing could be predicted of the
future behavior of the volcano. It
might be absolutely quiet or It might
move eff lesser eruptions, sradtially
dwindling away, or It might blow' Ita
head off In convulsions.
Vloleaee la Increasing.
Thus far the outbursts have been
progressively violent That of yester
day was easily the most marked of tha
aeries up to that time, and today's far
overtopped yesterday's In grandeur and
So far aa la known, nobody was with
in the danger zone last night or today.
The district is sparsely populuted, and
those living In the little hamlets 20
miles or more away ara thus far In no
MUlfJurp DAY" IC CI OPrlM
iiiuiilii rii ig ukvunn
National Education Association
President Announces Demand.
ST. PAUL. July 1. Dr. Joseph Bwa'n.
president of the National Ivduratlon
Association, arrived here today for the
annual convention, which opena July
4 and continues one week. Dr. twain,
who la president of Swarthmore Col
lege, was elected president of the as
sociation last year, after hla presents-
tlon of a rPrt on tn teachers' sal
aries, tenure and panalona
"Better pay for teachers" Is the slo
gan of Dr. Swain, who declares that
time changes, greeted demands and
qualifications required have so altered
the atatus of the teacher that aalarlcs
must be Inoreased if compatant tench-
up the vocation and remain
In the work.
WHITMAN T0GET LAND
College Raises $$T3,000 and Gta
$125,000 From Rockefeller.
WALLA WALLA, Waah., June 0.
(Special.) President ti. B. L. Penrose,
of Whitman College, announced laat
night that the college had been suc
cessful in raising $375,000, the sum re
quired to secure the $125,000 promised
by the General Eduratlon Board (Rock-
aooui oi me nan-minion
dollar fund will be used for buildings.
remainder tor endowment.