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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
Mill ALIEN LAND
BILL IS PASSED
36 to 2 Is Vote in Cal
WILSON IS OPENLY IGNORED
Democrats Confess Sympathy
With Object Sought.
JOHNSON READY TO SIGN
GoTfrnor Says lie Will Reserve Rea
sonable Tim for Protest, but
Doe Not Expect President
to Make Objection.
SACRAMENTO. May 3 (Saturday.)
The administration antl-alien land
holding- bill, drawn by Attorney-General
Webb, passed the Senate at 12:45
o'clock this morning- by a Tote of S to
3. after nearly 18 hours of debate. The
only negative votea were cast by Sen
ators Cartwright (Democrat) and
Tha principal provisions of the bill
are aa follows:
L Aliens eligible to citizenship may
acquire and hold land to the same ex
tent as citizens.
2. All other aliens are limited to the
specific rights conferred upon them
by the existing treaties between the
United States and the nations of which
such, aliens are citizens or subjects.
Home Ownership Allowed.
Tn the case of the Japanese the bill
prohibits ownership of farming or agrl
cultural lands, while permitting; tbem
to own residences and factories, manu
factories and shops.
2. Leases of agricultural lands by
aliens are permitted for a period of not
exceeding; three years. There Js a ques
tion as to whether renewala would be
4. Aliens Ineligible to citizenship can
not Inherit land. Upon the death of an
alien landholder his property shall be
sold by the Probate Court and the pro
ceeds distributed to his heirs.
5. The state specifically reserves Its
sovereign right to enact' any and all
laws In future with respect to the ac
quisition of real property by aliens.
C. Present holdings of Ineligible al
iens are not affected except that they
cannot be bequeathed or sold to other
aliens classified among those not eligi
ble to citizenship.
Assembly Act at Om,
A companion measure. Identical in
phraseology, probably will pass the As
sembly tomorrow and will be signed
by Governor Johnson after "a reasona
ble time" has elapsed In which to hear
possible protests from President Wil
son, who has requested the respite.
In the closing hours of the debate
partisanship was lost sight -of. Demo
crats and Progressives, voted tog-ether
la response to what they took to be
the almost unanimous demand of the
people of California. Their only dif
ference in the end was over the ques
tion of whether the bill was drastic
The futility of Secretary . Bryan's
mission waa shown In the vote of his
own party. Nine of the ten Demo
crats voted contrary, to the advice
which ha brought from President Wil
son, while not a single Progressive
yielded to his eloquence.
Cartwrlght Opposes to Had.
Senator Cartwrlpht 'sang the swan
song; of the minority.
"It la evident from the several roll
calls.'" ha said, "that the Senators are
not voting- independently, but in a spirit
of partisanship. The whole thins; Is
a programme and we can't stop it.
"It is probable that I shall be the
lone figure in this body to vote against
this bill, knowing what the people of
this state demand, but I shall know
that I voice the thinking; sentiment of
' "You are acting- at the behest of the
Governor. There is no disguising that.
After yielding in 1907 and 1911. wt
legislation similar to this was
smothered under pressure from Wash
ington, you are now about to pass this
legislation under pressure from the ex
Tou are following the leader the
boss, as they used to say and follow
ing him meanly and servilely. But in
so doing you are dragging him down
to the level of cheap politics. There Is
not a man on this floor who dares say
that these members would vote as they
are about to vote tonight If another
were in the President's chair at Wash
ington." Democrats Favor Bill.
The Democrats disclosed their plans
and their purposes even before many
of their amendments were offered.
"We are going to vote for your bill
regardless of the form In which you set
It before us," cried Senator Campbell.
Iemocrat. In the early part of the de
bate. "The Senate la attacked before
us. we know that. But In the end we
are for the bill, because we want an
alien land law."
When the Senate met last night. Sen
ator Wright. Republican, offered an
amendment embodying another of Sec
retary Bryan's recommendations, name
ly, the Illinois law, which applies alike
to all aliens, regardless of their eligi
bility to citizenship, and permits own
ership for six years.
"Vo'i have repudiated President Wil
son's sdvice onee." shouted Wright to
Concluded on res 4.)
LIFE SUSPENDED IN
LOWER FORMS ONLY
SCIKNTISTS SAY REVTVAL
SCOTT IS IMPOSSIBLE.
Investigators Find That Cold-Blood-cd
Animals Only Can Be. resus
citated AVhcn Frozen.
NEW YORK. May 2. (Special.)
Although scientists accept the fact that
animation may be suspended in the
lower, forms of life by freezing and
then be restored, especially In the case
of smaller, cold-blooded animals, they
take no stock In the proposition to go
to the South Pole and get the body of
Captain Scott and resuscitate it. It
simply cannot be done, they say.
Investigators in the histological and
psychological laboratories of the med
ical school of Johns Hopkins Univer
sity in Baltimore have announced a
series of exDeriments. wherein they
suspend animation by freezing and then
restored subjects to life. They declare
that the experiments Indicate a state
between llf and death, apparently com
prising the principles of both.. It was
said In connection with the announce
ment that on a theory worked out at
the Baltimore Institution It might be
possible to restore Captain Scott to life.
The investigators have taken such
cold-blooded animals as frogs, toads,
snakes and some fish and put them in
Jars with liquid air a temperature of
minus 360 degrees. Fahrenheit. The ani
mals freeze Immediately and are left in
this state for months. Then they are
taken out and life is restored ty mas
sage. CARS COLLIDE IN SMOKE
When Motors Meet Head-On Passen
gers Make Flying Change UnhurU
GRAXD RAPIDS. Minn'.. May lr
Speeding his automobile to make a dash
through a smoke-filled lane between
walla of brush fires, G. IL Dickinson,
manager of a Grand Rapids mercantile
company, closed his eyes and darted
Into the smoke. Mr. and Mrs. Dear, of
Hlbblng. on the way from Hlbblng to
Grand Rapids, closed their eyes, added
speed to their car and dashed into the
same lane from the opposite direction.
Midway the two cars collided. The
occupants of both cars bounced up.
turned over and landed in each others'
None was hurt seriously, though all
are suffering cuts from flying glass.
The cars were pushed into swamp wa
ter away from the fire and the three
walked back to Grand Rapids.
CONRAD KREBS INJURED
Hurled From Moving- Train, nop
Man Xarrowly Escapes Death.
SALEM. Or, May 2. (Special.)
Conrad Krtbe. hopman narrowly es
caped being crushed to death beneath
the wheels of the Oregon Electric Lim
ited while attempting to board it on
State street tonight. ,
Krebs wss proceeding to the depot,
when he observed the train passing
State street. .. Making a run for it. he
leaped upon the platform, only to And
the gate closed. Unable to cling to
the railing, he fell and barely escaped
being burled under the wheels. In the
fall he suffered a out on the head and
a number of bruises. He was taken
to a hospital.
Mr. Krebs formerly lived here, but
recently has been - making his head
quarters at Portland.
OAKLAND TO SEND EXHIBIT
Alameda County Accepts Invitation
to Attend Rose Festival.
. OAKLAND, CaU May 2. (Special.)
Responding to the Invitation of Gov
ernor West of Oregon to attend the
Portland Rose Festival from June. 9 to
IS the Oakland Commercial Club is ar
ranging an excursion to Portland, and
also an exhibit of Alameda County
floral productions. All Alameda Coun.
ty Is asked to lend a hand In surpris
ing Oregon. Laidley S. Rice is chair
man of the subcommittee of publicity
of the club having the matter In hand.
He Is communicating with commercial
bodies and Individuals In Alameda
County asking co-operation.
Plenty of fruit and wine will be
taken along for distribution from the
special train which will be engaged.
WOMAN BACKED FOR BENCH
Governor Johnson Asked to Appoint
Mrs. Foils in Ixm Angeles County.
LOS ANGELES. May :. Petitions
were prepared today asking Governor
Johnson to appoint Mrs. Clara Short
ridge Folts as one of the six additional
Superior Court Judges recently author
ized by the Legislature for Los An
geles County. Prominent members of
women's political organizations are be
hind the movement.
Mrs. Foltz is a Republican and a
lawyer who has practiced for years at
the Los Angeles County bar. In the
last campaign she supported President
TAFT ASSAILS ROOSEVELT
'Opening- Lecture at Yale Attended by
NEW HAVEN. Conn.. May 2. (Spe
cial.) Profe sor Taft in his opening
lecture at T. le today attacked Roose
velt and his fads, the referendum, the
recall and e so-called Progressive
He also criticised woman's suffrage.
but waa interrupted by suffragists.
There was a great audience and tre
mendous enthusiasm was manifested.
ON CHAMPOEG SITE
F. X. Matthieu Guest
STATE'S FOUNDING RECALLED
Pen Picture of Early Meeting
ENGLAND LOSES KINGDOM
Many Pioneers Take Trip Up Wil
lamette to Participate In Ob
servance of Oregon's, Estab
lishment 70 Years Ago.
BT ADDISON BENNETT.
Three score and ten years ago yes
terday the birth of civil government
on the Pacific Coast of the North
American continent took place at a
little hamlet called Cbampoeg, on the
banks of the beautiful 'Willamette. 20
miles above Oregon City. On the sec
ond day of May, 1843. 102 of the in
habitants of the Willamette Valley not
only ushered- into the Oregon country
a government founded on law and or
der, but at the same time added to
the area of this country sufficient ter
ritory to make in itself a continent.
Cbampoeg! It has come to be a
historic name then it wss but an In
dian word meaning sandy camp, or the
place of the csmp.
Fonndlaa- Dates Back Far.
How came the little hamlet Into ex
istence? To discover that we must go
back to the time when John McLougb
lln was sent out from England by the
Hudson's Bay Company to establish a
trading post at the mouth of the Co
lumbia. His title was Chief Factor,
and having absolute control of the com
pany's affairs on the Pacific he decided
that he would look around a bit, not
liking the Astoria section because there
was but a trifling amount of land free
from timber. So he inspected various
places up the river and finally found
the site he was looking for at Van
couver, that Is, at the present site of
There he found an open country, and
he wished to keep cattle and hoga and
sheep and have growing crops and ver
dant gardens about him.'
First Grain Planted.
In 1J25 one of his requisitions upon
the home office was for a bushel of
seed wheat, and so well did he dis
tribute this and so wisely did be hus
band the Increase that within a few
years he had more seed than be could
use on what land lay around Vancou
ver. r a number or trappers wno
had fallen behind through stress of
years or accident, he looked around for
(Continued en Page 2.)
The Oregonian will flash elec
tion returns totiight on a screen
at Sixth and Alder streets.
The polls will close at 7 P. M.
and the returns on the charter
election will commence coming
in about 8 P. M. and will be
flashed every hour thereafter,
about 10:30 V. M. returns will
commence coming in on the Re
No information will be given
over the telephone, as The Ore
gonian telephones will be heav
ily taxed in the work of gather
ing the election returns.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Weather. '
TESTER DA TS Maximum temperature. (1
degrees; minimum. 46 degrees.
TODA YH Fair; probably warmer; westerly
Militant suffragettes heap abuse on British
government. Page S.
Mexlo to hold election In Oetober. Page 6.
Chinese acclaim Wilson's message of recog
nition. Page 6.
Minority ctiil falls to make impression on
tariff. Page L
Wllson urges Democrats to keep their
pledges. Page 6.
Court i1IsmiFs phjslclan accused of falslf. -in
Sllnesby With record. Page 0.
Scientists say resuscitation of Captain Scott
Is Impossible. Page 1.
Beat records broken In East. Page 1.
Eight .Indicted in Ean Francisco bunco ring
cases. Page 6.
George H. Blxbjr. millionaire banker, ar
rested In vice Inquiry. Page 4.
California Senate passes antl-allen land bill.
Iowa County seeks to recover J15.000.00O
tax from railroad. Page 6.
Peace congress speaker urges arbitration,
even on questions of National honor.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 14.
Venice 3; San Francisco 15, Sacramento
1 : Oakland 5. Los Angeles 1. Page S.
Northwestern Loagv.e Results: Portland 2.
Tacoma 1; Seattle 10, Fpokane 6; Van
couver 12. Vlcwria C Page 8.
Multnomnh to nd track team to Spokane
Potv Wotr. page .
Pendleton wins fourth straight game In
Western Trl-State league. Page 8.
Murder trial of Glenn Oault begins at Ore
gon Cltj-. Page T.
Taklma Bloasom Festival Is . big success.
Commercial anil Marine. .
Deadlock in wool market in Pacific North
west. Page 19.
Wheat higher at Chicago on foreign devel
opment. Paga 19.
Wall street stocks narrow and less active.
Trade conditions generally are satisfactory.
Steamer Bear has rough voyage north
ward. Page IS.
Portland and Vicinity.
Arrangements are completed for election to
day. Page 12.
I. W. W. members cause riot In front of
restaurant. Page 18.
Many manufacturers favor workman's com
pensation act. Page 4.
Charter's fate to be decided today. Page 1-
C H. Duffy, alleged swindler. Indignant over
"wife's" doubt, page 10.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 14.
Anniversary of Oregon"s founding cele
brated at Cbampoeg. Paga 1.
May time pilgrimage to poor farm Is made
Joyous occasion. Page 32.
Street speakers extol Mayor Rushlight.
Lombard, on eve of election, predicts char
ter's defeat and denies Baker's state
ment. Page 14. I
THE NEW VOTER.
TO ALTER TARIFF
Citrus Fruit Growers
Labor in Vain. '
PEANUTS MEET LIKE FATE
Sweet Chocolate Is Advanced
Into Confectionery Class.
SPLIT COMES ON COTTON
republicans Not of One Mind as to
Waste of Time Involved in Pre
senting Substitute Schedule
K to Come Tp Today.
WASHINGTON, May 2. The Demo
cratic majority went ahead with the
tariff revision in the House again to
day without a serious hitch. There
were innumerable amendments emanat
ing from the minority, but they were
voted down with monotonous regular
ity. The discuasion opened with citrus
fruits, in the agricultural sohedule, the
Faciflc Coast growers waging an un
successful fight against cutting of. the
tariff on lemons, figs, raisins and dried
grapes and other Coast products. Ef
forts to Increase the proposed duty
on peanuts to give better ' protection
to the Virginia industry also fell
through. The schedule covering spir
its, wines and other beverages went
through without dissent, but consid
erable fight was made by the repre
sentatives of textile districts when the
cotton schedule was reported.
Debate Becomes Personal. ,
Many of the speeches really dealt
with the paragraphs of the tariff un
der consideration, but general poli
tics and partisan personalities fea
tured the debate. Representative
Thomas, of Kentucky, had a few
things to say about the Republicans
Representative Thomas .called the
Progressive party a "patent Ipedlclne
advertisement scheme," and criticised
Representative Payne, of New York,
for reflecting on President 'Wilson, be
cause the President went to New Jer
sey in connection with state legisla
tion. Representative Heflln, of Alabama,
declared that people did not realize
that the real tax on the American peo
ple under the present law was 12,
400.000.000, Instead of 1300,000,000 of
revenue tax and arraigned the Repub
lican assertion that the law protected
the American farmer and laborer.
Sweet Chocolate Increased.
Several committee amendments were
agreed to, changing the bill in minor
particulars, including one designed to
(Concluded on Page S.)
HEAT RECORD IS
BROKEN IN EAST
XEW YORK STATE NEVER SO
WARM IX EARJk MAY.
Beginning of Hot Wave, From Lakes
to Gulf, From Mississippi to
Atlantic, Is Predicted.
NEW YORK, May 2. (Special.) The
thermometer registered 87 degrees at
3 o'clock this afternoon. This broke
all records in New York for the first
week of May since the United States
Weather Bureau began operations in
Officials in charge of the weather
bureau said that Albany at 2 o'clock
had a temperature of 8S. This also
broke all records for Albany for the
first week of May and broke all rec
ords for the entire State of New York
tn the same period since 1871.
Weather officials said the heat today
might be regarded as the beginning of
a hot wave that would last several
days and would extend from the lakes
to the Gulf of Mexico and from the Mis
sissippi River to the Atlantic coast.
One prostration from heat was reported.
PHILADELPHIA, May 2. With the
official thermometer registering 88 de
grees at 4 o'clock this afternoon, this
was the hottest day of the year and
the hottest second of May ever record
ed by the weather bureau.
CHICAGO, May 2. Midsummer weath
er visited Chicago today, the tempera
ture being 85 degrees in the afternoon.
This was more than 20 degrees above
the normal for early May. Straw hats
made their first appearance.
Yonns Widow, of Forest Grove Finds
Husband Through Mayor's Action.
HTLLSBORO, Or., May 2. (Special.)
As the result of a news item appear
ing in The Oregonian a few days ago,
James JL Wilson and Mrs. R. M. Lillye,
of Forest Grove, were united in mar
riage here today by County Judge
Reasoner. The lady wrote to Mayor
Rushlight asking his aid In securing
a husband. The Mayor told the story to
The Oregonian, which published the
"Mrs. W. D. Lillye. of Forest Grove,
Or., has written Mayor Rushlight ask
ing him to find her a husband. The
Mayor announces that he will act us
cupid for all applicants who do not
desire to enter into negotiations direct
Mrs. Lillye says that her husband was
burned to death February 10, that she
Is 22 years old and would be a good,
true, loving wife."
The bridegroom and bride arrived
here this morning and secured a
license and were Immediately wedded.
The bride has one child and the bride
groom, who was a widower, has two
small sons and a daughter. They will
reside at Forest Orove.
DUAL LIFE ON $12 A WEEK
Wife Suspicious on Finding Note,
'Stockings for tbe Kids."
CHICAGO. May 2. MIlo M. Lyou, a
night-watchman, acquired a niche in
the divorce court hall of fame today for
having succeded in leading a double
life for seven years cn a salary of 212
a week. Judge Petit, in the Circuit
Court, granted e. divorce to Mrs. Mar
garet A. Lyon when she proved to h'm
that Lyon had n.ointalnpd another wife
and three children during this tlmi tn
addition to srpportlng her and thfri1
four children. th6 oldest of whom is II
"T became auspiciously ree-i-itly when
I found a tote on an envelope in bis
pocket reading. "Stockings f.ir the
Irlda. " she said.
WATER PROBLEM TACKLED
Asbland Council Orders Equalization
of Zone Pressure.
ASHLAND, Or., May !. (Special.)
With the advent of Summer comes the
recurring demand for additional water
supply, and the City Engineer has been
authorized to take up the matter of
equalizing the different zones of press
ure throughout the system.
Abundant water is available and it
only remains to conserve it. The pres
ent Council -has decided to take the in
itiative in a problem which has faced
this community for years.
SALT CELLARS $9000 EACH
Five Hundred Lore letters Bring
$S2,000 at Art Sals.
LONDON, May 2. Sold: A pair of salt
cellars for J1S.375.
The record was set today at an auc
tion sala of the medieval art collection
of the late J. Malcolm when two Lim
oges enameled salt cellars went at
that price. They were decorated In
translucent colored enameL-
A packet of upward of 500 love let
ters of Robert and Elizabeth Barrett
Browning brought 832,750.
FRATERNITY WINS SUIT
Restraint on Students Declared to
x Violate Constitution.
OXFORD, Miss.. May 2. Legislation
which would bar students affiliated
with Greek letter fraternities from
state educational institutions is viola
tive of tbe 14tb amendment to the
Constitution of the United States and
at variance with the constitution, of
Mississippi, according to a decision
handed down here today by Special
Chancellor Lamb in a test suit.
The case will be appealed. '
S FATE TO
Mayoralty Contest of
PROGRESSIVE RIVALRY IS KEEN
Adams and Grant Have No Re
TWO WOMEN CANDIDATES
Municipal Judgeship, Councilman-at-I.arge
and Representative From
Firth and Tenth Wards Are
Hotly Contested Places.
ELECTION DAY TOLD IX A
Polls will open at 8 A. M. and
will close at 7 P. M.
All registered voters are en
titled to vote for or against the
proposed charter, regardless of
Unregistered persons may vote
for their party or on the pro
posed charter by filling In blank
"A," for which application must
be made to the Judge of election,
and by being sworn in by six
All voters must vote for their
party affiliation candidates, if
Persons desiring any informa
tion regarding polling places or
anything else concerning the elec
tion, should telephone the City
Auditor, Marshall 4100 or A 6601.
The count on ballots will be.
first, the charter: Republican,
Chief interest in the primary nomi
nating election of today centers in the
proposed charter and the mayoralty
contests between A. G. Rushlight and
Gay Lombard on the Republican side
and H. R. Albee and Dan Kellaiier, the
The charter Is a document compiled
by ten citizens, appointed by George L.
Baker, upon orders of Mayor Rush
light, who at the time was absent from
the city, Mr. Baker being then the
acting Mayor. At the outset it had
smooth sailing, practically every can
didate being In favor of It, but three
weeks ago Gay Lombard attacked it
on the ground that it is not a commis
sion draft, but a "wolf in sheep's
clothing." He has been fighting it
ever since and many others have
joined in a general assault on It.
Socialists Voice Opposition.
Mayor Rushlight and his friends, to
a large degree at least, have pro
claimed In favor of the proposed char
ter. The Mayor came out unequivo
cally in its favor last week and has
been voicing his sentiment ever since.
James McGulre, at present a Council
man from the Tenth Ward, is the only
other Mayoralty candidate who is
openly opposing the charter. As a
party, the Socialists voted unanimous
ly against the charter, on the ground
that It does away with party desig
nations and therefore forever shuts
them out as a party.
The proposed charter. If adopted,
will revolutionize the city's legislative,
administrative and executive depart
ments. In place of all boards, com
missions and officials, it will Install
a Mayor, four Commissioners and an
Auditor, the Mayor's salary to be 6000
a year; the. Commissioners' J3000 each
and the Auditor not less than $3600;
they must devote their entire time to
the work. They are to have, general
charge of all departments. The Mayor
and Commissioners are' to have full
executive, legislative and administra
Lombard . Firet la Field.
Rivaling, if not equaling, in interest
the proposed charter is the fight be
tween Gay Lombard and Mayor Rush
light for the Republican nomination
for Mayor. Mr. Lombard was the first
to announce himself for tbe race and
has been conducting a campaign for
several months. Mayor Rushlight,
who is serving his first term as chief
executive of the city, came out for
renomlnatlon upon his return from
a wedding trip about six weeks ago.
Mr. Lombard has openly charged mis
management. Inefficiency and gross ex
travagance against the Rushlight ad
ministration in his public speeches
every night for three weeks, while Mr.
Rushlight and some of tbe members of
his Executive Board and other friends
have been hurling charges that Mr.
Lombard profited by organizing a bond
ing company when he was a member of
the City .Council.
James Magulre, their rival for the
Mayoralty, declares that he is the only
candidate who is rightfully entitled to
the votes of all good citizens.
Liquor Questlom Injected.
Quite a spirited contest has been
waged between Mr. Albee and Mr.
Kellaher for the Progressive nomina
tion for Mayor. Mr. Albee was the
first in the race for this party's favor.
Mr. Kellaher has encountered some
trouble over the fact that he is en--gaged
in the liquor business, this fea
ture having been brought into the care
by a meeting of women, held recently,
where Mr. Albee was the speaker. Mr.
Albee declined to make a dtrct answer
to a woman's question as to whether It
were true that Mr. Kellaher sells liquor
at his Grand-avenue grocery store. He
(.Concluded On Paga liJ