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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
LAEGEST, STRONGEST SWIFTEST, DEADLIEST BATTLESHIP AFLOAT, THE NORTH DAKOTA,
AND YOUJNG WOMAJM WttU VXLKlS'X&rilUU
TAKES TO WATER
Battleship North- Dakota, First
BIG, SWIFT AND DEADLY
Surpasses All Other Battleships in
feize, Strength of Armor, De
structive Power Very Dif
ficult to Sink Her.
QCTVCT, Mas., Nov. 10. Tre battle
ship North Dakota, the first American
war vessel of th Dreadnaught class.
vb launched at che yards of the For
Rlvir Shipbuilding Company, at Qulnc
Point at 12:27 P. Af-, today in the pres
ence of more than 1 0.V00 people, in
cluding representatives of two states
and of the National Governmrnt at
the yards to witness the launching.
The christening party came on spe
cially from North Dakota. Including
Governor John Burke and Miss Mary
Benton, together with a number of
officials and many ladles. The guests
of the yard came from Boston on a
As th massive hull stood upon the
ways ready for launching, it presented
none of the war-like appearance of
the finished battleship. Save for a few
temporary fittings, the decks were
rare and lacked the martial aspect
supplied by the great Runs and sec
ondary batteries, which are to be in
stalled later. Even the great boilers
had not been Installed.
Bigseht, Swiftest, IoadIIeU
ThJs American Dreadnaught. when
phe has received the additional groom
ins; due her after she is afloat, will
he bigger and swifter and deadlier
by far than th British vessel that
inspired her. and will be an improve
ment on that vessel by so many feat
ure of Yankee ingenuity that there
will be no comparison between the
two. In nothing that Great Britain is
building for herself are the many ad
vantages of the American ship utilised
and her virtues are foreshadowed in
the craft of the Immediate future only
in those vessels that Brazil is having
made in England under contract.
The launching of this ship is held
by authorities to mark an era In the
advancement of the Navy. No such
single stride has been made in naval
construction since the days when ar
mor plate was first used on the Moni
tor and the Merrlmar. for the policy
embodied In the building of the North
Dakota Is as far from that of the other
vessels recently built as her size Is
greater than theirs.
Compared With Other Big Ships.
To begin with, the North Dakota
will have a displacement of 4000 tons
more than any other ve.ssel in the
Navy. The Connecticut and vessels of
her type have a displacement of 16,000
tons and were considered monsters In
their time. Then at a single stride
the advance was made to 20. oo tons.
The weight of the British Dreadnaught
Is surpassed by 1000 tons, which la
due largely to the heavier armor and
greater body for the same dimensions.
The North Dakota Is 510 feet In
length as opposed to 4"0 feet on the
part of the Connecticut. She had a
width of 85 feet as opposed to 76 feet.
Phe draws 27 feet of water as' opposed
to 244 feet.
In popular terms the great ship will
be two city blocks in length and of
bulk equal to a four-story building
with a depth of $5 fret. It will have
a population of nearly 1000 souls, or
as many people as live In an ordinary
county seat. If stood on end. It would
be the same height as the Washington
Monument and nearly twice that of the
Flatiron building In New York. The
power of its engines will be equal to
that of 26.W0 hores, or a string of
them 40 miles long If they were har
nessed one ahead of the other. So
great is the weight of thV vessel that,
should It encounter an ordinary ferry
boat In a fog, running that boat down
would hardly create a perceptible jar
of the great craft.-
The adoption of the great Dread
nausrht construction by this country, of
which the- North Dakota is the first
to be completed, met with much oppo
sition and has for the past year called
forth most intense criticism from many
sources. The conference of naval au
thorities last Summer at Newport, R.
I., finally decided to report that the
design on the whole Is excellent and
that the placing of the armor plate
with reference to the water line is so
very near correct as to make the di
vergence of little account. This re
port, which has not yet been made
public, recommends the same plans for
two additional battleships that are to
Built to Carry Great Guus.
The building of these ships, aside
from details, means two things: first,
the approval of the Idea of concentra
tion of strength in a few huge vessels;
second, depending on a few large guns
of uniform size as dealers of destruc
tion. This latter point has been much
debated. The policy of the Navy has
for a long time been that of placing on
a given vessel many guns of varying
sizes, but the North Dakota carries
little other than the ten big 12-Inch
guns. Here sole mission Is to furnish
a solid and a safe foundation from
which these monster dogs of war may
deal out death and devastation when
ever occasion may arise.
When Great Britain built the first
Dreadnaught, most of the progressive
nations felt the necessity of building
similar vessels to meet her. The Brit
ish builders figured on a weight of 17,
S00 tons, but their vessel was heavier
when completed and settled Into the
water two or three feet deeper than ex
pected. She weighed about 19.000
tons. The French immediately built
the Danton with a displacement of lS.-K'O
tons, the Germans the Ersatz-Sachem 17,
700 tons, and the Japanese the Sat
suma of 1S.S00 tons. It still rested
with the Americans to go the British
on better the largest boat of them
all was launched today.
Can Concentrate IMrc.
In addition to her size, two other
features of the North Dakota give her
strong individuality. These are her
possible concentrated broadsides and
her "spider masts." The turrets are so
arranged that all ten of her big 12-inch
sruns can be trained in the same direc
tion and be brought to bear on the
enemy at the same time. These guns
are longer-barreled nnd more powerful
than those on the British Dreadnought.
The turrets are all on the central line
of the ship, and the big guns may be
swept In a complete circle. They arc
arranged at different elevations, and
all are sufficiently above the water-line
Co give them an advantageous outlook.
Osuxt Xot 1 4s fcl efft &bov tfc
water-line, while No. 2 is 39 feet up
and fires over the former. No. 3 Is 32
feet above water-line, and Nos. 4 and
6 are 34 feet. This allows all to Join in
the broadsides, which do the effective
work In warfare, and mill leaves four
Runs that can play directly ahead and
four directly astern. The British em
phasize the importance of allowing all
the ftuns to play straight ahead and
astern, but the Americans say that
there rarely would be occasion to fire
in these directions, as battleship In
war time is always following: or fol
lowed by ships of her own country,
rather than those of the enemy.
Spider-Masts for Lookouts.
The "spider mast" is an open-work
ffair, built to support .lookouts, who
direct the firing of the big guns. When
In action, they watch the pointa where
the shots strike and telephone to the
(runners what re-adjustments to make
In their sights. These lookouts aloft
are In dangerous positions, but their
dansrer was greater before the bulldlntr
of the latticed masts, from having their
supports shot out from under them
than from being hit. The latticed mast
may be shot through repeatedly by the
enemy and will still retain Its position
and continue to support the lookout.
These were recently tested at Newport
News and decided to be advisable.
The ship carries 14 B-lnch (runs as a
defense against torpedo-boats. These
are 14 feet above the water, and 10
of them are in the central redoubt.
There are In addition four S-pounders,
four 1-pounders, semi-automatic, two
3-Inch field guns and several others.
But the deadly work Is up to the 12-im-h
guns, and there Is no place for S.
8 and 10-inch guns, such as are used on
the other battleships that still hold to
a policy of all classes of defense. There
are two submerged tubes, to be used
in discharging 21-Inch torpedoes.
About the vessel there Is a 21-foot
belt of armor plate. The lower section
Is from to 11 Inches thick, and the
upper Is from 8 to 10 inches thick.
Armor from 8 to 12 Inches thick pro
tects the turrets. The armor extends
six feet below the water-line. Alto
gether, It Is a monster of steel that
would seem absolutely Impregnable.
Great Armor-Plate Belt,
The American Dreadnought is built
with more breadth and more body than
most such vessels. The American
builders have already placed great
stress on buoyancy, a point which the
French and Russians, until recently,
have always slighted In their narrow
vessels. The North Dakota would still
keep afloat if two or more of her air
chambers were flooded, which Is to say
that her great Iron sides might be
punctured in three different places and
she would still be hardly put out of
the fighting, and would certainly not
The North Dakota will be capable
of a speed of II knots an hour- that Is
to say, she will be the speediest of the
big vessels ever built. Her Curtis
American turbine engines will be large
ly responsible for this virtue. These
turbines have been tried out by the
scout cruiser Salem, in competition
with the Parsons turbines as used on
the Lusitanla, and with other creditable
engines, and have been pronounced by
the Government the best so far offered,
as well as being lighter and occupying
less space. The Salem won her laurels
as the fastest boat in the Navy through
her use of them. The Japanese cruiser
Tsukuba also won similar laurels with
them in Oriental waters. On the North
Dakota they are 25,000 horsepower.
The keel of the North Dakota waa
laid December 17 last, and progress on
her has been unprecedentedly rapid. She
is but 60 per cent done. Her body is
built, in which will be installed the
greatest -fighting machinery for naval
use that man has ever constructed. So
great has grown her weight that the
ground will no longer hold her. and she
had to be given a bettter resting-place
In the water while the detail of her
construction is completed.
NEGRO LYNCHED BY MOB
Body I-eft Hanging; to Tree After
Jail Is Stormed.
BILOXT. .Miss., Nov. 10. A mob of
white men stormed the city Jail here this
afternoon, took out Henry Ieidy, a negro,
charged with assault upon a white girl,
and lynched him. The mob was orderly,
and finally dispersed, leaving the body
hanging to a tree.
The negro's victim is Elizabeth Hauser,
17 years old. of "West- End, near Blloxi.
wh.re several murders and criminal as
saults have recently been charged to ne
groes. The negro beat the girl into in
sensibility and left her for dead. i?he
partially recovered consciousness and waa
found several fhours later.
Missions Ends Its Work.
ST. LOUIS. Nov. 10. The general com
mittee of foreign missions, of the Meth
odist Episcopal Church, ended Its annual
meeting here this afternoon. A large
portion of today's session was taken up
with addresses and resolutions on the
life and character of Dr. D. D. Thomp
son, of Evanston. III., who died here to
day from Injuries received in an auto
The general committee for foreign mis
sions of the Methodist Episcopal Church
yesterday subdivided the mission fund of
KC9.$u6 for the year 1909 among the va
rious mission fields, as follows: China.
J157.M0; Japan, $58,300; Corea. $32.tS;
India. 81S4.K6; Malayasla. t21.8Sn; Philip
pines, J--5.900: Liberia. J1S.J76: Hast Cen
tral Africa. fl6.(5; West Central Africa.
J14.W1; South America. JS6.MS5; Mexico,
Vim); Kurope, J158.446. These appropria
tions are practically the same as those
for the current year, except in the case
of Corea, where an increase of JUVBO wu
GANNON WILL RULE
Speaker Not Likely to Meet
WILL GET GOOD SUPPORT
Illinois Congressman Again Sched
uled to Preside Over House, Not
withstanding Bitter Fight
Waged Against Him,
WASHINGTON. Nov. 10. Following
the arrival in the city of the Repub
lican members of the ways and means
committee of the House for the tar
iff hearing and many other Republican
Congressmen to attend to departmental
business postponed until after election,
the selection of the Speaker of the
61st Congress was a subject of keen
discussion teda In Washington. None
of the arrivals cared to come out open
ly In opposition to the re-election of
Speaker Cannon, while members who
have been closely associated with Mr.
Cannon during hia occupancy of the
chair assert positively that there will
be no opposition to him by the time
the Republicans meet to caucus on the
Victory All Around.
Mr. Cannon b friends claim to be
greatly encouraged by the election.
Not only did the Speaker himself re
ceive a handsome plurality in his dis
trict, where a bitter fight was waged
against him. but they point out that
many of the members who had an
nounced their opposition to his re
election as Speaker, met with defeat
at the polls.
The defeat of Representatives Ellis,
of Kansas City, Mo., and J. F. Boyd,
of Nebraska, after they had declared
their opposition to the Speaker, Is tak
en by the Speaker's friends as an In
dication that the people do not con
demn Mr. Cannon. On the contrary,
the three Missouri districts In which
he campaigned most actively and
where the Republican candidates an
nounced their preference of Mr. Can
non for Speaker, retired the Demo
cratic Congresmen by electing Repub
licans. The election is regarded by Mr. Can
non's adherents as limiting the sup
ply of Speakership "timber." The
defeat of Colonel . P. Hepburn, of
Iowa at the polls removes him from a
contest for the high position, for the
present at least.
Cannon's Way Clear.
The election of. William H. Taft to
the White House is regarded by Mr.
Cannon's friends as a barrier to any
Ohio Congressman being selected to
rule over the House. In addition Con
gresman Theodore E Burton and Ex
Speaker J. Warren Kelfer, both of
Ohio, are said to have Senatorial am
bitions that would interfere this Win
ter with a campaign on their part for
Republican floor leader, Sereno
Payne, of New York, who was men
tioned for the Speakership when Mr.
Cannon was first elected to the chair,
will support the Speaker for re-election.
For the present Mr. i Payne is
content to be chairman of the ways
and means committee and to give to
the country a tariff bill hearing his
name. Representative Dalzell, of
Pennsylvania, Is regarded as unlikely
to permit his name to be used in op
position to the Speaker, both because
of his loyalty to Mr. Cannon and be
cause of his Interest in the revision of
the tariff, on which he is an expert.
Also mentioned for Speakership hon
ors is Representative Henry S. Bou
tell. of Illinois, but his personal ad
miration for the Speaker Is taken as
certain to prevent the use of his name
against his colleague.
The candidacy of Representative
Charles N. Fowler, of New Jersey, for
Speaker, Is not taken seriously by Mr.
Cannon's friends. They say that Mr.
Fowler will do well to retain the chair
manship of the committee on banking
and currency, and that his course as
chairman of that committee during the
last session was such as would defeat
him in a Speakership contest.
RUSH W0RKIN KLAMATH
South Branch Canal to Be Com
pleted Early Next Year.
"WASHINGTON". D. C, Nov. (Spe
cial.) The Reclamation Service an
nounced today that the Klamath irriga
tion project is now 34Vi per cent com
pleted. During October four sections of the
Keno canal were completed and the
south branch canal so far advanced that
it will be completed before the opening
of next year's Irrigation season.
STATE ROADS LOSE MONEY
Belgium Faces Big Deficit as Result
BRUSSELS, Thursday, Oc 2S In Bel-
Jgium. fia In. S-tt.ieriajicU.rttteiploltt tonjpre.slrtlrf officer.
v n u
of" railroads by the state is proving rather
a disastrous experiment. The deficit on
hist year's working was estimated at be
tween t.noi and $1,0(10.000, but it now
appears that it wi'.l exceed J2.000.000. The
situation is so bad that tne administra
tion, which has already decided on rais
ing the prices on the fortnightly and
monthly passes, so well known to tour
ists, is now considering the question of a
big all-round increase in passenger and
BERNE, Switzerland, Thursday, Oct.
29. The unfavorable results of the state
nn.nn.t.in n In Sttsrit y.erland
nrnm ises to be a leading Issue in the'n
coming electoral campaign. The confed
eration has $240,000,000 invested in rail
ways, having Issued that amount of interest-bearing
bonds. Although the re
ceipts for the state-operated roads have
steadily increased from 1902 to 1907, the
cost of operation has Increased more rap
idly still, and the co-efficient of railroad
operating expenses Is now the largest in
Europe. The deficit this year will be be
tween Jl.000,000 and 11,100,000. The nation
alization of the roads, therefore, this year
cost the taxpayers the deficit for opera
tion in addition to the Interest on the
state capital invested.
PROHIS LOSE IN INDIANA
Vote In Hoosier State Smaller Than
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.. Nov. 10. The
count of the official returns at the Sec
retary of State's office for Governor was
completed yesterday. Thomas R. Mar
shall, Democrat, for Governor, received a
total vote of 34S.8-I9. and James E. Wat
son, his Republican opponent, 334,040, a
plurality for Marshall of 14.809.
The Socialist party candidate for Gov
ernor received 11,926, an increase of 957
over four years ago. The Independence
candidate polled but 3S3 votes and the
People's party got 573, a loss of SG4 from
the vote of four years ago.
F. T. McWhlrter, Prohibitionist candi
date for Governor, obtained 15,928 votes,
a loss of 6664 from that polled In 1904.
Late last night the Secretary of State's
office completed the totals on five addi
tional state offices. Frank G. Hall,
Democrat, Lieutenant-Governor, received
a plurality of 1672: Fred A. Sims, Re
publican, for Secretary of State, was
successful by a plurality of 492; James
Bingham. Republican, for Attorney-General,
received a plurality of 788; Oscar
Hadley, Republican, for Treasurer of
Slate, won by a plurality of 837, and John
BUlhelmer, Republican, for Auditor, was
elected by a plurality of 788.
The official count so far gives the
Democrats the Governor and Lieutenant
Governor. The Republicans have the
Secretary of State, Attorney-General,
Auditor and Treasurer.
Two Republicans Defeated.
COLUMBUS. Ohio, Nov. 10. Returns
collected here yesterday on the state
ticket show Charles W. Green, Repub
lican, is defeated for Treasurer. Numer
ous mistakes in returns have been found.
It is not thought any Republicans on the
ticket save Harris and Green wers
COSTA DIES BY OWN HAND
Prefers Death to Murdering King
Manuel of Portugal.
LISBON, Monday, November 9 (via the
frontier.) Alberto Costa, a former mem
ber of the Chamber of Deputies, and one
of the most prominent Republican leaders,
committed suicide here today. His act
has created a tremendous sensation.
Senhor Costa was a member of the
Black Cross Society, which was Involved
in the assassination last February of
King Carlos and his son. It Is believed
that this society selected Costa by lot to
kill the present King Manuel, and that
Costa preferred to kill himself to com
mitting this deed.
Co.ta was in prison at the time of the
assassination of King Carlos, having
been confined because of alleged connec
tion with the plot against his majesty.
He fought several political duels In re
cent months. In one of which he was
wounded. Last Summer he demanded the
impeachment of the members of the
Franco Cabinet on charges of complicity
In the assassination of King Carlos.
INDIAN FIGHTS FOR LIFE
Sentenced to Hang, Makes Plea on
RENO. Nev., Nov. 10. Sentenced to
hang Friday, Buckaroo Jack, an In
dian will try to have his sentence com
muted to life imprisonment at a spe
cial meeting of the Pardon Board
Thursday on the ground that the In
dian moral code and the punishment
for violation thereof is not in con
formity with Nevada laws. Acting
under the Indian law which makes In
fidelity punishable with death, he killed
his wife for consorting with other In
dians. Brady Tells Why He Quit.
DAYTON. O.. Nov. 10. Cyrus Town
send Brady made known last night his
reason for resigning from Trinity parish.
The reason is that he was politely asked
to leave the vestry meeting last Easter,
because he objected to certain arguments
that were somewhat heated. The vestry
man, Brady Bald. Informed him that he
was not the presiding officer of the ves
try, as he supposed, and that he was
present by courtesy only, whereupon he
withdrew from the meeting. Investigat
ing further he learned that the parish
was incorporated under the laws of Ohio,
and therefore the vestrymen elected their
f - .'JJ'wT.-.--'- W" ''f:.''- -:J:V f-.,-r-' .-V
1 1 x j
Emperor Confers Upon Him
Order of Black Eagle.
MAKES SUCCESSFUL FLIGHT
Kaiser Immensely Pleased With
Aerial Exhibition of Aviator and
Count Before Crowd.
PRIEURICHSHAFEN. Nov. 10. Em
peror William, after witnessing a splen
did series of maneuvers by the Zeppelin
airship today, personally conferred upon
the Count the Order of the Black Eagle,
the highest Prussian decoration. Some
expectation had been entertained that the
Emperor himself would be one of the air
ship's passengers in the maneuvers this
afternoon, but Instead Prince von Fuerst
enberg, who has - been the Emperor's
traveling companion lately, took his place
In the car.
When the Count returned from his
flight Emperor William shook his hand
warmly and conferred upon him the or
"In my own name and in the name
of the German people, I congratulate you
from the bottom of my heart for the
splendid work you have exhibited today.
The fatherland may well be proud to pos
sess such a eon. the greatest German of
the 20th century, whose invention has
brought us to a new stage in the devel
opment of the human race.
"As a token of my appreciation, I con
fer upon you the exalted Order of the
Here the Emperor hung the chain of
the order around the Count's neck and
"And now, my dear Count, permit me
on the Bpot to confer unofficially the ac
colade." The Emperor then embraced Count
Zeppelin thrice and called out: "Long
live His Excellency Count Zeppelin, the
conqueror of the air. Hurrah!"
The little ceremony, which was quite
fir NwWav Sfe-i OWW
fcS - r-I I I'll jflfE:
Ask the Leading Physicians of Portland Where They Secure Their
Glasses. They Will Tell You From the
Columbian Optical Co.
133 SIXTH STREET
New arrivals by Express
on display this week
at our usual modest
With all Boys' Suits and
Impromptu, was cheered byq an enthusi
astic crowd. Count Zeppelin was over
come with emotion.
COUNT FOOLS NEWSPAPERS
Cheering Crowds Believed Him
Emperor Riding With Aviator.
BERLII Nov. 10- It was errone
ously reported here today that Em
peror William had made a successful
ascension In the Zeppelin airship this
afternoon and the evening editions of
the local papers carried detailed de
scriptions of the reported flight of His
The explanation of the mistaken re
port Is to be found in the fact that
Prince von Fuerstenburg. who did
make an ascension with Count Zeppe
lin, was mistaken by the cheering
crowds for His Majesty. The Prince
has been the Emjcror's traveling com
panion lately, ana when he made the
ascension today he was clad in the
same style of hunting dress that the
Emperor has been wearing.
The error is more easily accounted
for because Emperor William was at
Frledrichshafen today and it was re
ported last night that -he proposed
making an ascension with the Count.
ROXAL FAMILY WANTS CEREMO
JVEY HELD IN ROME.
London Paper Confirms Report of
Early Marriage of Miss El
Icins to Abruzzl.
IiONDON, Nov. 10. The Daily Express
asserts that the wedding of the Duke of
Abruzzl and Miss Katherlne Elklns will
take place In Rome or TuVin some time
in 1909. The Express claims to have au
thority that the King and members of
the royal family wish the marriage to be
solemnized in Italy with state ceremonies,
so that the nation may participate, as it
is among the Italian people that the
bride will spend her life.
According to the Express, the wedding
probably will take place early In 1909.
though possibly not before Lent.
Difficulties arose through Senator El
klns' refusal to sanction a morganatic
marriage, and because of the opposition
of the Queen Mother, who had other
matrimonial views for the Duke.
If AID OF HENEY
Bay City Mayor Appoints In
LIGHT ON RECENT CHARGES
Prominent Men on Committee
Xamod by Taylor to Probe Bribery-Graft
Make Report Public, . '
SAX FRANCISCO. Nov. NX Mayor Ed
ward R. Taylor today, at the request
of the committee of 60 of the Citizens
League of Justice, appointed & special
investigation of the bribery-graft prose
cution in this city arising out of tho
wholesale indictments returned against
Abraham Ruef, Patrick Calhoun, presi
dent of the United Railroads; Tirey I
Ford, general counsel for the same cor
poration; Louis Glass, vice-president of
the Pacific States Telephone Company,
and other corporation officials chanted
with offering bribes to the foijner Board
of Supervisors, and to make a clear and
impartial statement and report of tho
facts surrounding the cases.
The cases have been prosecuted for al
most two years and it Is alleged that
much misapprehension has arisen out of
misstatements and false reports circu
lated regarding the prosecution, and iLa
Mayor Taylor requested the commission
to make an impartial inquiry Into the
entire history of the graft prosecution for
the purpose of enlightening the public
and to make such recommendations as it
may determine upon.
Those appointed upon the committee
Dr. Henry Gibbon, dean of the Cooper
Alexander Goldstein, president of a
Rev. Father D. O. Crowley, head ottha
Rev. William K. Guthrie, pastor of the
First Presbyterian Church.
William J?" French, editor of the Labor
William Denman, attorney.
William Kent, capitalist