Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 2, 1905)
TTTR HOBKIUa OBEGOKLOT, MONDAY, 7ANUA&Y 2, 1905.
FAIR WILL BLAZE WITH LIGHT
EXPOSITION .WILL. HAVE MORE ELECTRIC
LAMPS THAN WHOLE CITY OF PORTLAND
SNT man who lias seen Dreamland at
Coney Island can Imagine the ap
pearance of the Fair as It will be at night.
One hundred thousand electric lamps will
make the whole of .the grounds light as
day and shed a glow on the waters of the
river and lake and on the surrounding
hills which will be visible for a radius of
with lamps, of which 1500 will be used on
the dome and corona alone.
On each corner pedestal of the railing
which surrounds the Sunken Gardens and
on each of those at the head of the broad
stairways leading down to the Gardens
will be a large post electrolier of 27 meri
dian lamps of 50-candlepower each, de-
worthless now bring their owners an an
nual income of from $100 to $1500 per acre,
and thousands of other acres have been
bought for oyster cultural purposes, and
are being developed as rapidly as possible.
-.For years the native oyster has been
knffrn far and wide for Its delicate fla
vor, an It was always In prima favor
OBNAMEXT ON APEX OF ARCHWAY, ECKOPEAX BUILDING.
miles. Every building will be outlined
with lights, every boulevard and avenue
will be lined with them, they will blaze
from the Trail and from the Bridge of
Nations', casting their reflection on the
water, and will twinkle among the foliage
of Centennial Park. They will shine
through the water which shoots up from
HOW HOPGROWERS MAKE
MONEY IN OREGON.
Investment per acre
Land ....t J 40.0
Clearing and preparing for
Plants and planting 20.00
Poles, wires, etc 30.00
Annual expenses per acre
Plowing and cultivating $15.00
Storage and Insurance LOO
Hauling to railroad LOO
Interest on capital Invested.... 15.00
Crop, S50 pounds, at 25 cents
(150 price, average) $212.50
Average price for ten years
Oregon, September. 15
Average profit for ten years,
per acre 42.50
the many fountains and pours over, the
cascades. The buildings themselves will
be closed at 6 o'clock In the evening, but
the illumination of their exterior and of
the grounds and the shows on the Trail
and the Bridge will furnish ample attrac
tion for the merrymakers and sightseers.
On entering one will see first the Public
Shelter, like a giant, luminous umbrella;
beyond It the Colonnade and on each side
the Administration Buildings outlined
with 1500 lamps. Pacific Court will have
large pillars of light, and to the left the
Oregon Building and in front, for the
whole length of Lewis and Clark boule
vard, the main fronts of the main exhibit
buildings will shine forth outlined In light.
The great arches of the entrances, the
cornice and apex of the roof of each build
ing will be defined with myriad lamps.
Streams of light will flow down every
tower and turret and mark every rib In
the huge dome of the Agrlcultral Building.
The corona on Its apex, even to the ball
on its topmost point, will be studded
signed to give a spray, effect. AYound the
railing of Laksvlew Terrace, at the head
of the Grand Staircase, are 16 pedestals,
which will have .similar lamps, and still
others will stand on the pedestals in the
balustrade of the staircase.
From the terrace there will be a fine
perspective view of the Government
buildings across the lake, which will have
their outlines and those of the colonnades
brilliantly marked out with S00O lamps,
while light will flash through the ioun
talns at each corner of the main building
and post electroliers will shed s, blaze
over the garden In front of it and along
Roosevelt boulevard and the road to the
Life-Saving Station. From the same point
hosts of lights will be seen shining from
the concession buildings of the Trail and
10.000 lights will be reflected In the water
from the Bridge, outlining not only Its
course, but each one of Its arches.
From the Government buildings an
equally fine perspective will be afforded
of the lake, the line of Gray boulevard
marked by post electroliers and the spray
lights which will trace the course of the
Grand Stairway and Lakeview Terrace.
Thence the gaze will climb to the blazing
outlines of the main buildings, the foun
tains of light shining along the Sunken
Gardens and the 7000 lamps twinkling like
fireflies amid the trees and shrubs 'of the
park on the right.
The lighting of the Fair, which has been
designed and Is being executed by James
R. Thompson, the electrical engineer of
the corporation, will be one of its most
striking and beautiful features, and will
be an electrical exhibit In Itself. Its ex
tent may be conceived rrom there being
more electric lamps at the Fair than in
the while city of Portland. There are 230
miles of wire, 16 pairs -of wires being car
ried across the bridge under the floor, and
150 transformers are used. The lighting
alone will absorb 5000 of the 10,000 horse
power generated at the North Portland
electric plant, and the remainder as well
as the current generated by two steam
turbines of 2000 horse-power, which are
to be added to the plant, will be used for
power at the Fair.
Ornament on side of Slain Arch Eu
ropean Ball dine.
Transplanted From East
Divide FavorWith Natives
OYSTER-GROWING In Oregon and
Washington has been developed dur
ing the past few years with wonderful
strides until It has become one of the
Important Industries of the Northwest.
Hundreds of acres of tide lands that a
few years ago were considered almost
with epicures. A fame fully equal. If not
greater, now attaches to the Eastern
oyster transplanted to the bays of Ore
gon and Washington, often called the "Im
proved" Blue Point. The Increase In the
consumption of these oysters within the
past few years is phenomenal. They are
commonly known as Toke Points, though
the fancy grades have special names.
They have a distribution. In the shell,
from Victoria to San Diego, and from San
Francisco to Denver, while the frozen oy
sters, packed In the square panel cans,
are extensively shipped to Alaska, the
Hawaiian Islands, Japan, China and the
The transplanted Eastern oyster indus
try has been farthest developed upon W1I
lapa harbor, or Shoalwater Bay, though
to a limited extent unon Pugct Sound and
in Yaqulna Bay. The dally output from
Tokeland now amounts to fully $400, and
shipments are made from other points to
the extent of about $300 per day. When
the young oysters already planted reach
j Phillips Hydraulic Ram
"The Oreat Economical
Manufactured Exclusively by
Discharge Into Irrigating Flame.
"T WTLLi utilize any fall of
water from three feet up
for the purpose of rais
ing a portion of the same
to any desired leveL It is a
perfect substitute of water
wheel and pump combined
lth greater efficiency and Is
far more economical in first
cost. It requires no atten
tion and involves no cost of
Write tar Catalog.
T WILIj convert the volume
of your water Into pressure.
It will enable you to dis
pense with long- and costly
pipe-lines. It will make available
grax-el beds heretofore un
touched by the hydraulic slant.
It Is of unquestioned superiority
in its application to hydraulic
gravel and water elevators. High
est efficiency of any water-lifting
device known -or hydraulic mining-
S4 fer arttcalrs.
12-lack Rut ia. ActuI OpcrxtlM.
ESTIMATES FURStSHED FR MUXXCUPAIi WATERWORKS WKKRS FALL F WATER IS AVAILABLE.
TELL SOUR EfRfJENDS
-TO USE THE-
Yellowstone Park Line
Lewis and Clark Exposition
V WILL MAKE VERY LOW RATES
THE-ACME OF TRAVEL COMFORT IS FOUND Oft ITS
3 DAILY TRANSCONTINENTAL TRAINS-3
Send four ceats for Lewis and Clark Booklet,
Or, for Yellowstone Park Literature write te
a: M. CLE land,
G. P. A., ST. PAUL, MINN.
A. D. CHARLTON,
A. G. P. A., PORTLAND, OR.
maturity, the business will be quite ex
tensive. Notwithstanding the increase In the out
put of Eastern oysters, the small Pacific
Coast oyster is still In high favor, and" the
demand for it Is constantly Increasing.
Recent statistics give Wlllapa Bay a pro
duction In natives of ?S0,0 annually,
while the output from Puget Sound Is
about $170,000. Shipments aggregating
over J1S00 weekly are going out regularly
from "Wlllapa Bay, while from Yaqulna
Bay, Oregon, are sent What many judge
to be the best flavored of the native oys
stcrs, and the output of that harbor Is
eagerly sought by caterers all. over the
In the cultivation of oysters, however,
all is not sunshine. A crop is not pro
duced without many days and nights of
fear and trembling. "When "Winter weath
er sets in and the southerly gales begin
to howl, many thousands of dollars of
seed oysters' are often washed" and
sanded within a few hours, and numerous
small craft swept out to sea and lost.
Fortunately, the balance Is generally In
the oysterman's favor, with the result
that many thriving concerns are engaged
in the business, and a few who have made
large sums of money through their saga
city and enterprise.
Ontario Needs Woolen Mill.
It seems to us that a woolen plant and
scouring plant In Ontario would pay. In
shipping wool the freight Is enormous, as
freight Is paid on from CO to 73 per cent
of the refuse. Even though the cost of
scouring here would be a little more
than In the East, It would be saved In
freight If we had no mill for manufac
turing cloth. It is reasonable to suppose
that the wool could be cleaned and made
into cloth at least nearly as cheaply as
In the East. Such an enterprise would
be a great thing for Ontario and is well
worth the earnest attention of our busi
ness men. There is sufficient capital
here for such an enterprise, and If It
should be found feasible and good rea
sons for believing that the business would
be a profitable one, there would be no
trouble In getting the stock subscribed
for at home. "We would like to have the
opinion of men acquainted with , tne
scouring and manufacturing business.
The Forestry Movement.
Review of Reviews.
The basic principle of forestry Is to get
the greatest possible use out of the for
est. It Is" opposed to the old idea of lum
bering by cutting the forest clean, leav
ing behind a mass of debris, for fire to
complete the destruction. It is also op
posed to the sentimental notion that the
forest should be retained as a thing of
beauty and Is best treated when left
alone. The forester contemplates the for
est as a crop, just as the farmer does
his wheat and corn, to be harvested when
ripe, but in such a way as to get a profit
able return and at the same time per
petuate the crop. This is the principle
back of . the forest movement In the
United States, and it Is to spread this
Idea, particularly among those persons
who have the greatest need of forest
products, that this congress Is called. It Is
the greatest single effort yet planned In
this country to instill in our people the
lesson that certain European nations
took to heart several centuries ago In
connection with their forests, which they
turned from threatened destruction into
& national asset, while still older coun
tries failed to heed a like warning of dis
appearing forests and became arid and
It is to teach the people to take home
to themselves that part that the forest
plays In their dally lives that this and
previous forest meetings of a National
character have been, arranged ta point
out to them that reckless lumbering and
the denuding of steep hillsides have much
to do with bringing the disastrous floods
of recent years, such as the one in the
southern Appalachian Mountains, where
515,000,000 worth of property was destroyed
in two weeks. It is known that forest
fires In the United Statets annually de
stroy from 5,000,000 to $50,000,000 worth
of timber and other property. The pur
pose of the forest movement i3 to avert
these tremendous disasters by stamping
out the multitude of lesser evils that
unite to cause them.
PORTLAND CONSOLIDATED RAILWAY COMPANY
OPERATES OVER 110 MILES OF TRACK. FULL EQUIPMENT, 275 CARS
This Company furnishes transportation to all sections o the city and suburbs; also to Vancouver,
iWash., via steam ferry crossing Columbia River.
The consolidation of the properties of the Portland Railway Company and the City & Suburban
Railway Company, which was consummated in November, 1904, brought together in one street railway
system properties which had originally been owned by nine different companies, which had in turn passed
through various forms of reorganization until finally the consolidation of the two companies brought
them under a single management.
During the past two years the two companies have been doing a large amount of heavy tracki
work, until the main business streets of the city are practically furnished with new tracks, built of heavy
grooved rails, weighing from 85 to 91 pounds to the yard, laid on a solid concrete foundation, and paved
with stone blocks, thoroughly grouted in; a form of construction, both in style and workmanship which
is second to none in the whole country.
The Consolidated Company will follow the practice of the two companies from which it was
formed, and continue to build its own cars and trucks. The cars which have been manufactured in this
city have been a surprise to all visitors, both in quality of workmanship and finish, and in the beauty,
and utility of the design.
During the past few years the consolidated system has had nearly half a million dollars per year
expended on improvements and extensions to its track and on new equipment, with the result that
Portland has a street-car system which compares favorably with that of any other city of 150,000 in
habitants. During the year 1905 it is planned to expend about the same amount on betterments to roadway,
and rolling stock.
PORTLAND HEIGHTS LINE
During the past year the new line to Portland Heights was opened, succeeding to the former cable
line to the same place, and now new, modern electric cars are operated from the business center of the
city to an elevation of nearly 800 feet above the harbor Erom numerous points on this line unrivalled1
views can be obtained of the City of Portland, the harbor and bridges, and also the adjoining country
and the Columbia River, while in the distance may be seen the whole of the Cascade Range, with the per
petual snow-capped peaks of Mount Hood, Mount Adams, Mount St. Helens, and Mount Rainier towering
over a mile above the summit of the main range. This view is unsurpassed for beauty and variefy, and
when once seen will never be f orgotten-
TRIPS OF INTEREST OVER THE LINES OF THE CONSOLIDATED COMPANY
CEDAR PARK AND DRYDOCK AT
ST. JOHNS. CITY PARK.
LEWIS & CLARK FAIR GROUNDS.
COLUMBIA RIVER BEACH. -VANCOUVER
The service given is from three to 20-minute headway on all lines excepting that to the Columhia River and St. Johns
One FIVE CENT FARE to all points excepting Columhia River and Vancouver. , ,
OBSERVATION CJC& for Tourists' also operated during the Summer months.
Can modern and commodious. 1 Cars can he chartered for trolley and other special parties.
GENERAL OFFICES MOHAWK BUILDING, Third and Morrison Stsl, Portland, Oregon