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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1905)
VOL. XLIV. NO. 13,750
PORTLAND, OREGON, . TUESDAY, JANUARY . 3, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS:
Terms of Surrender
COMPACT IS SIGNED
Japanese Will Enter the
HOGI WIRES NEWS TO TOKIO
Hostilities Suspended Since
GREAT LIBERALITY EXPECTED
Stoessel, In His Letter, Confesses That
He Found Further Resistance
Was Only a Needless Sac
rifice of LiVes.
Port Arthur, whose hills for months
have, run red with the blood of the brav
est of two -warlike nations, has at last
succumbed to the fierce tenacity of the
Japanese attack. General Stoessel. most
stubborn In carrying out the will of his
sovereign, has seen the advance of the
besieging army gain in momentum and
energy, until to hold out longer would
have been a crime against humanity.
The conditions of the surrender are not
yet known, but in all quarters It is an
ticipated that they are such as an honor
able soldier may accept from a brave and
At 9:45 o'clock last night the commis
sioners completed signing of the capitu
lation agreement Both armies 'had sus
pended hostilities -five hours earlier. The
city of Poet Arthur .will beccupied by
the Japanese today.
The authorities at St Petersburg, in
the absence of direct official notice from
General Stoessel that Port Arthur has
surrendered, have not permitted the news
to become public Emperor Nicholas is
in the south of Russia, and his Ministers
are for the time being In the dark as to
what dispatches have been sent to him
from the front
Tokio Is the scene of rejoicing, people
finding in the outcome compensation for
all the sacrifice of life and money that
was entailed in the ten months' siege.
To what extent the fall of Port Arthur
will make for a restoration of peace is
an open question. There Is an encourag
ing note In the expression of Baron Hay
ashl, Japaneso Minister to London, of the
"hope that in some way it will facilitate
final peace," though the pacific note Is
perhaps lost in the later words of the
Minister, which calls attention to the fact
that the Port Arthur army will now be
free to go north, which Is an offset to the
reinforcements General Kuropatkin has
been receiving from Russia since the bat
tle of Shakhe.
The spirit of the Russians may be
judged by the statement of the Secretary
of the Embassy in London that the cam
paign will be renewed with fresh vigor
in the Spring, and that the nation will
not be content to permit Port Arthur to
remain in the hands of the Japanese.
Both in Paris and London it is believed
that the squadron under Vice-Admiral
Rojestvensky, which started from Libau
for the Far East three months ago, will
have to retrace its way home, as an ad
herence to the original plans would In
vite disaster without probability of effect
ing a juncture with the warships at pres
ent in the harbor of Vladivostok.
That Japan may not be permitted to
retain possession of Port Arthur without
dispute is shown in the fact that Paris
newspapers are already reviving the
claim made in 1901 that the holding of
that position, commanding the Eastern
seas, by the Japanese would be a men
ace to European powers.
There is a conviction in diplomatic cir
cles ki St Petersburg that some one of
the powers may make a tender of friendly
offices and the intimation is conveyed that
the United States may take the initiative.
Should that be the case. It could only
be upon assurance from both the warring
powers that the tender would be received
by them In good part.
Early today two Russian torpedo
l&uches arrived at Chefoo, and there
wwre then seven Japanese torpedo-destroyers
in the harbor. Later in the
morning four destroyers departed.
Russian officers who have reached Che
foo relate that the Port Arthur garri
son was completely worn out by five days
of continuous fighting, that the supply
of food was almoBt exhausted, and that
the limit of resistance had been reached
when General Stoessel made his offer of
SURRENDER IS COMPLETED.
Russian and Japanese Commission
TOKIO. Jan. S. Morning.) The Rus
sian and Japanese commissioners appoint
ed to arrange the terms of the capitula
tion of the Russian forces at Port Arthur
signed the -compact of surrender at 5:45 '
o'clock last nlcht-
btoessel Accepts Terms.
TOKIO. Jan. 2.-2:10 P. MO-The tcr; , j
ef Gteeral Nog telegram &&uaclnj
the capitulation of the Russian forces at
Port Arthur la as follows:
"The plenipotentiaries of both parties
concluded their negotiations today at 4:30
.o'clock. The' Ruse lan commissioner ac
cepted, on the whole, the conditions stip
ulated by us. and consented to capitulate:
The document has been prepared and,
signatures are now being affixed.
"Simultaneously -with the conclusion of
the negotiations, both armies suspended
hostilities. It Is expected that the Jap
anese army will enter the city of Port
BLOW UP OWN FORTS.
'Last Battle of trie Defenders Has Hor
XONDOK, Jan. 3. The Dally Mall's cor
respondent with General ' JJogi says the
capture of "Wantai Involved six hours of
the fiercest fighting, while the attacks on
the forte to the southeast were carried
on simultaneously. Describing the final
siege, the correspondent says:
"The slackened flre:at the northern and
eastern lorts seemed to show that the
Russian ammunition was falling: The sit
uation was now desperate. The explo
sions around the forts proclaimed that
the Russians were exploding their maga
zines. Flames and smoke In the harbor
were followed by explosion after explo
sion, which revealed the " destruction of
the Russian ships. The Russians also
apparently blew up two of their own
The battleship Sevastopol was blown up,
and the other warships were destroyed as
.thoroughly as possible. The battleships
Rctvlzaii and Poltava and the 'protected
cruiser Pallada caught fire." -
THE MOMENTOUS DISPATCHES
Messages Between Russian and Japa
nese Generals as to Surrender.
TOKIO, Jan. 2. General Xogi reports
as follows:" ,
"At 5 in the afternoon of January 1 the
enemy's bearer of a flag of truce came
Into the first line of our position south,
.of Shulshiying and handed a letter to
our officers. The same reached me at 9
o'clock at night The letter is as fol
lows: " 'Judging by the general condition of
the whole line of hostile positions held
by "pu, X find further resistance at Port
Arthur useless, and for the purpose of
preventing needless sacrifice of lives, I
propose to hold negotiations with refer
ence to capitulation. Should you con
sent to the same you will please appoint
commissioners for discussing the order
and conditions regarding capitulation, and
also appoint a place for such commission
ers to meet the same appointed by me.
" I take this opportunity to convey to
your excellency assurances of my respect
"Shortly after dawn today I will dis
patch our bearer of a flag of truce with
the following reply, addressed to Stoes
sel: " I have the honor to reply to your
proposal to hold negotiations regarding
the condlttras jmcUorder of capitulation.
For this purpose. I have- appointed as
Commissioner Major-General Ijichl, Chief
of Staff of our army. Ho will be ac
companied by some staff officers and civil
officials. They will meet your commis
sioners January 2. noon, at Shulshiying.
The commissioners of both parties -will be
empowered to sign a convention for the
capitulation without waiting for ratifica
tion, and cause the same to take imme
diate effect Authorization for such
plenary powers shall be signed by the
highest officer of both the negotiating
parties, and the same shall be exchanged
by respective commissioners.
" I avail myself of this opportunity to
convey to your excellency assurances of
my respect NOGL "
WITH MILITARY HONORS.
Japan Will Be Generous to Brave but
TOKIO, Jan. 2. It Is believed hero that
the Port Arthur garrison has received lib
eral terms. There Is a general disposi
tion to be magnanimous. In view of the
garrison's marvelous defense. The public
has not been Informed of the result of the
meeting of the capitulation commissioners
at noon today, but it was believed that
the terms had already been agreed upon.
In military circles the opinion was 'ex
pressed that the discussion covered only
a few questions, including allowing the
garrison to march out carrying their
arms, permitting the garrison to return
to Russia with or without their officers
and requiring their parole not to take any
further part la the war. It is possible
that Japan will permit the entire garrison
to return to Russia with arms, upon giv
ing their parole.
Japan has paid a heavy price for the
Russian fortress. The prospect of its
early possession cheered the people as no
other event of the war has done. The
Emperor's New Year reception and audi
ence to the army and navy officers and
civil officials continued this morning.
The news from Port Arthur gave addi
tional cheer to the general exchange of
Marshal Yamagata. chief of the general
staff, under orders from the Emperor, has
dispatched the following cablegram to
"When I respectfully informed his maj
esty of General StoesBeTs proposal for
capitulation his majesty was pleased to
state that General Stoessel has rendered
commendable service to his country In the
midst of difficulties, and It is his majesty's
wish that military honors be shown to
More Ihdictmferite Corn1
ing From t3rand Jury.
CONGRESSMAN IS INVOLVED
Comments of Eastern. Press
HERMANN'S WORK IN OFFICE
Senator Mitchell May Not Appear on
the Floor of the Senate Until
His Name Has Been
NEW YORK, Jan. 2. SpeclaL An In
spired, Washington dispatch to the New
York Tribune today says:
"The revelation that still another mem
ber of Congress will probably be Indicted
in connection with the public land con
spiracies caused considerable dismay In
Further along thia dispatch says:
"The extreme reluctance of leaders of
the Senate to Intrust to Mr. Mitchell the
chairmanship of the committee on Inter
.oceanic canals was not due to reports
connecting the Oregon Senator with land
frauds, but was because of certain execu
tive measures exploited by Mr. Mitchell,
which, it is believed, he would have re
pudiated, as did the Senate ultimately,
had he Investigated their purpose with
greater care. Mitchell was elected chair
man of that committee In the early part'
of this session, but only because he re
jected every overture made to Induce him
to yield his right of seniority, a right
which Is never -violated in the Senate.
"The surprise that Representative Her
mann had been indicted was not so great
as in the case of Senator Mitchell, be
cause certain facts In connection with
Hermann's administration of the Land
Office had leaked out It was known, for
Instance, that only at the earnest solici
tation of Mr. Mitchell was Hermann per
mitted to resign Instead of -being dis
missed: and that wbnn'bis. xeljna.Uon
was accepted to take effect three weeks
later. Hermann 'caused to" be deslroyed
33 500-page letter books, supposed to be
part of the records of his office. Her
mann subsequently explained that these
books had contained only personal cor
respondence, but some officials active,
with their pencils Immediately calculated
that if it were true. Commissioner Her
mann must have written not less thanten
private letters a day for .each. and. every,
day of his six-year administration.
"The assertion that personal prejudice
and vlndlctlveness have j-esulted In the
Indictments returned In Portland is re
garded as puerile by many members of
Congress. It Is pointed out that no one
official of the Administration Is responsi
ble for the prosecution, and If there has
been any vlnoicUveness it must have
been shated by Secretary Hitchcock, At-t'jrney-General
Knox, Chief of Secret
Service Wllkie, and even President Roose
"The first Intimation of the wholesale
system of fraud which so nearly swin
dled the Nation out of millions of. dol
lars came In the form of a confession
made by one of the conspirators to an
agent of the Land Office nearly two years
ago. The confession was promptly for
warded to Commissioner Hermann, who
pigeonholed it without action. It was
not until sevtral weeks later that an in
quiry as to the reason ro action had been
taken reached Secretary Hitchcock, who
found the confession in Hermann's pos
session, and immediately placed It In the
hands of Mr. Wllkle, of the secret serv
ice. Wilkie detailed an assistant to act
In conjunction with a law officer of the
Department of the Interior, and a chase
was Instituted which has invaded over
half the states and territories, has al
ready resulted In several convictions and
numerous indictments and still promises
a number of sensational developments.
As soon as evidence which seemed suffi
cient to warrant criminal proceedings
was secured. It was submitted to Attorney-General
Knox, who advised the im
mediate prosecution of some of the par
ties to the frauds, and who selected Mr.
Her.ey as the special attorney to conduct
"Since then, every legal step has been
taken on the Initiation of Mr. Heney,
VIEW OF l'OKT AKTHL'K. CHINA. RUSSIA'S
usually with jthe advice of the Attoraey
GeneraL "-: . ''
"ThcTejaovaljOf John Hall, It may be
said authoritatively, was not due to Ills
having been Indorsed by Senator Mitchell
or "because of Mile-bell's efforts to save
him. bat because of graver allegations,
which will In due time be submitted to
. may. -Hot appear on floor.
v - . i
According to Senatorial Etiquette,
Mr. Mitchell Mutt Clear His" Name.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2.-SpedaL) The
Washington Times print sthc following:
"If Senator Mltchelifoewa the inexora
ble rule of Senatorial -etiqaette. he will
not appear on- the: floor of the Senate,'
again .until the courts have taken final
action In the ' matter of the indictment.
found against him. If there is anything
upon-whlch Senators are. insistent' it
.Tipon the point of the Integrity of every
-.man who holds membership with them in
common on the floor of the upper house.
'Senator Dietrich, of Nebraska was ac
cused of bartering pcsto&ce appointments
for his own pecuniary advantage. The'
Senator protested his innocence, and on
the advices of friends refrained from ap
pearing in the Senate. The case was
taken through the courts and the Senator
fully exonerated. Upon his reappearance
In his seat the Senator rose to a ques
tion of the highest privilege, recited the
facts In brief, and called for an investi
gation by bis colleagues to clear his rec
ord. A special committee was appointed,
am . after numerous sessions in the judi
clary?cdmmltbee, made a report absolving
Senator Burton, of Kansas, was Indicted
in St. Louis for accepting a fee of $5000
.from the Rla.lto Grain Company, of St.
Louis, the allegation against him being
that money was paid in return for his
exerting his "Influence, to prevent the Is
suance of a fraud order against his cli
ents by the PostofHce Department."
"After Senator Mitchell reaches Wash
ington it Is thought highly Improbable
that he will appear on the Senate, floor
until he clears his name or the case Is
othrwL ritarraspd of. Were he tn enter
me oenate cnamocr, il is pracucuuy ra
tain that one of the "elder statesmen"
would immediately call for an executive
session, and, thereupon, would raise the
point, on the question of privilege, that
the honor of the Seante had been called
in question by the appearance of a Sen
ator against whom serious charges are
pending. The Senator to whom this un
pleasant duty would fall would be Sena
tor Piatt, of Connecticut, chairman of
the Judiciary committee. Appropriate 'ac
tion would then be taken by the Senate."
The Times editorially says:
"Secretary Hitchcock Is reported as be
ing pleased with the Indictment of Senator
Mitchell and Representative Hermann, of
Oregon. Of course, this feeling of elation
must be ascribed to the proper desire to
punish rascality of whatever station. The
episode itself Is depressing. The thought
that men whose- positions' attest the"pub
j, coneWc& n jfhVlch they hav-been-heid
should be brought under suspicion
and'theh directly 'accused of crime-assails
an Ideal, whloh has been. -cherished with
pride, In this connection the fact is to
be remembered that grand Jury indict
ments often prove to be baseless error.
Jt is .gendered upon the showing of one
side of a case. This, perhaps, is preju
diced. 'Mere Indictment 'la no proof of
guilt, ond - indeed, until presentment in
court, where Its status Is determined. Is
In Itself not a serious reflection upon the
probity of the accused.
"Land frauds .such as have been perpe
trated in the Northwest and elsewhere,
are deliberate thefts. The planning of
them has been elaborated and perjury or
forgery have been Incidental agents. For
the crime there is to be offered no excuse
that might not with .equal force be ad
vanced In behalf of the burglar. Not only
mean and sordid In purpose and principle,
the looting of the public domain has In
many instances Involved the betrayal of
official trust. If a.plaln citizen who com
mits larceny Is without a plea In mitiga
tion, the sworn representative of the Gov
ernment who does similarly must answer
even a blacker account."
GIVE THEM BENEFIT OF DOUBT
Philadelphia Paper Speaks Good Word
for Mitchell and Hermann.
PHILADELPHIA. Jan. 2. (Special.)
The Philadelphia Press says edito
rially: Something of a shock will fol
low the announcement that such con
spicuous figures as Senator Mitchell
and Representative Hermann have
actually been indicted. Senator Mitchell
has for many years been one of the
mo.it jjroralnent leaders on the Pacific
Coast. He has represented Oregon in
the .Sonatc 22 years. It is only fair to
say that during all this sen-Ice he has
enjoyed good repute, and we are not
aware that he -has ever before been
the object of any reflections. Mr. Her
mann served as Commissioner of the
Land Office for a long period and, like
Senator Mitchell, stood in high gen
eral esteem and was regarded as a
capable and trustworthy officer. So
well was he thought of that when MA
(Concluded on Page Four.)
GREAT AND ALXOST IXPXEGXASLE
ACTIVE JIT FRONT
The: JaprMfeef With
SEVERAL TRENCHES. LOST
' . 7 .
Attackers Ara Compelled to
aII&Bac& With Loss.
WINTER CAMPAIGN TO OPEN
General Kuropatkin, With Force Su
perior to That of Oyama, Is Ex
pected to Drive the Enemy
Toward the South.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 3. Dispatches
received from Mukden and Harbin report
the resumption of hostilities on a large
scale. The Initiative was taken by the
Japanese, their entire army, under Gen
eral Oku, massing north of Shahopu .and
advancing to the attack in wedge-shaped
formation. Meanwhile the left flank of
the Japanese right, stationed between
Kwangshan and Bentsiaputze, drew clos
er to the right wing of the center army.
The Japaneso movement was met with a
furious counter-attack by the Russian
center. Several of the trenches and recently-fortified
positions south of Paitapu
were abandoned, and a number of Japan
ese detachments fell into the trap. Many
were killed In the entanglements, and
their commander fell back, giving the
signal for a general Japanese retreat. The
Russians thereupon re occupied their erst
while positions, adding to. them a number
of minor fortified places which the enemy
was compelled to abandon.
The Impression prevails here that the
Manchurian renewal will begin with the
execution of the plans for the Winter
campaign, which have recently been sub
mitted by General Kuropatkin to the gen
eral Btaff. Reliable reports place the num
ber of Russian soldiers now at the front
at 6ft.0Q0. and while Field "Marshal Marquis
Oyama'&armjls not quite" Stf large, the
surrender of -Port Arthur and the conse
quent opening tip of the roads into North
ern Manchuria, by way of the stronghold
will enable him to add to his force in the
near future. The general staff -is there
fore of the opinion that General Kuro
patkin. following his advantage over the
Japanese center, will force the Japanese
to the south.
According to the opinion of military ex
perts, the Russian left wing will soon be
heard from. The Japanese right army op
posing it has made progress by small
stages within range of Sangshen, and .the
latest advices report General Rennen
kampfs Cossacks engaged In checking
the enemy's advance In this direction by
scattering his forces.
SOME TROOPS WILL GO HOME
Bulk of Besieging Army Will Proba
bly Be Sent to Oyama.
TOKIO, Jan. 3. An official announce
ment Is looked for momentarily dealing
with the disposition of the victorious be
sieging army before Port Arthur. Its
strength is variously stated as between
70,000 and 120,000 men. ' There Is no doubt
that only a comparatively small portion
of this force will be needed to perfect the
occupation of Port Arthur, and while
quite a number of reservists may be re
turned to Japan, together with any regu
lars whose condition makes a rest Im
perative, there will still be a large army,
fit for immediate service, at the disposal
of the War Office.
According to one report, this army will
be thrown Into Corea, where much had to
be left undone, owing to the necessity of
reinforcing General Jfogi's army month,
after month. Another rumor has It that
the road via Port Arthur being now open,
these forces will be sent to the north
without delay to strengthen Field Mar
shal Oyama's position north of Liaoyang.
Quite a number of the regiments that
participated In the final assaults upon
Port Arthur had been withdrawn from
Oyama's army to hasten the end of the
siege, and these are to be sent back to
their erstwhile posts.
Progress along the road In the direction
of Mukden should be rapid, there being
but very few Russian positions of mo-
KTKOXGHOLD IN XSK JTAR EAST. WHICH
eni .which might obstruct the advance
lages and towns along the road are pro
Japanese, and the only fear entertained
refers to the possible" lack of railroad fa
cilities, "it is-understooa that several
corps of engineers will be sent out at the
earliest possible moment to investigate
the. transportation facilities and improve
RUSSIANS WASTING AMMUNITION
Bombardment Is Kept Up Along the
Front in Manchuria.
GENERAL KUROKl'S HEADQUAR
TERS, Dec. a; via Tientsin, Jan. 2. The
positions of the Japanese' and Russian
armies have- not been materially changed
during "the past two months.,- In few
places are the lines more than a mile
apart, and they were so; dose before the
Japanese left that loud' talking In the
Russian trenches can be plainly heard.
Though the Russians became very quiet
during the first half of December, they
have renewed the bombardment of the
Japanese center and left In the past fort
night, and they have selected several
points to which they devote the most at
tention. The Japanese usually He low In their
trenches and remain silent. Often sev
eral hundred shells will be fired in a day,
without doing any damage, though occa
sionally a shell strikes an exposed group
or kills soma careless soldier. Almost
every hour of the day or night artillery
is booming or rifles are popping some
where along the line.
The Russian bombardment usually be
gins before noon and continues until
sunset, but it Is often resumed from mid
night to the breaking of day. Frequent
sorties are made by the companies or by
a. detachment when the fighting becomes
severe. Both armies are using the hand
grenade as one of their regular weapons
for close fighting. Reconnoltering forces
constantly patrol the country on both
flanks to guard against offensive move
ments and to pwtect the auxiliary lines of
The Russians obtain quantities of sup
plies from Slnmlntln. 30 miles west of
Mukden, where the Chinese Branch Rail
way 'ends, and they must protect the
roads leading to that point, while the
Japanese guard the highways to the Yalu
The barren surface o the land and the
remarkably clear atmosphere make sur
prises almost impossible. The fields are
without shrubbery or other cover for the
troops, and the hills are bare and rocky.
The only cover for moving troops are the
deep ravines which seam the country.
There is seldom a cloud in the sky, and
the nights, even when the moon is not in
evidence, are bright and starlit. The
weather continues to be evenly cold, with
no sudden change. All the soldiers on
the front line live in underground huts
which are heated with charcoal.
Field Marshal Oyama, General Kpdam,
his chief of staff, and General Fukushlma
occupy an ordinary Chinese hut In a
small village. General Kurokl's head
quarters are In a similar establishment,
while the foreign attaches live on a com
paratively luxurious scale in a Russian
The soldiers beyond the first line are
quartered in Chinese houses and inge
nious structures of cornstalks and earth.
The Chinese share their dwellings with
the army and are paid for by them, be
sides receiving good- prices for ali prod
Jipend .jcxtrn ordinary. 'wage3JJtqr thelx
mijyi, - x ufj transport ueptiruntjnc Hires
an army of carta, animals and coolies,
paying four times the normal prices, and
skilled labor commands corresponding
rates. The prices of coal and fodd, how
ever, have risen proportionately.
The women and children who deserted
their homes during- the Russian occupa
tion have gradually returned, until al
most the entire normal population Is
back. Although they at first regarded the
Japanese with distrust, food relations
'have now been established
The roads are at their best in the Win
ter time, being hard and smooth, and con
sequently the transport department is
taking advantage of this condition to ac
cumulate quantities of supplies.
Charcoal-burning is one of the army's
chief activities, and the sparse timber is
being consumed at a rate which is likely
to leave the country almost, bare in the
Spring. The Chinese do not object to
this, because the timber Is bought and not
The Japanese soldiers are all clothed
In furs and heavy overcoats, and the
equipment and supplying of the army
continues, as it has since the Jap
anese landed In Corea nearly a year "ago,
to be almost above criticism.
THIRD LAUNCH FROM ARTHUR
Four of Japanese Destroyers Have
Left Chefoo Harbor.
CHEFOO, Jan. 3, (10:30 A. M.) A
third Russian launch has just arrived
from Port Arthur. Four 01 the. Japan
ese torpedo-boat destroyers have de
parted. Chinese report having heard heavy
firing last night.
No Vessels Arrive at Tsingtau.
BERLIN, Jan. 3 Nothing is pub
lished in the morning newspapers to
day concerning the arrival of Russian
torpedo-boat destroyers and transports
at Tsingtau. The official news agency,
which has close connections with the
government, Is silent .on the .subject.
There is a possibility that two of the
destroyers which a Chefoo dispatch
reports to be missing may have taken
refuge unnqtlced In Tsingtau.
No News of Warshipa' Flight.
BERLIN, Jan. 2. The Admiralty has no
confirmation of the arrival of two Russian
torpedo-boats and a transport with
troops on board at Tsingtau, the German
port on tha Shantung Peninsula, but the
Foreign Office regards the news as prob
Garrison Had Reached
FAGGED UNTIL NUMB
Faces Black With Pangs
AMMUNITION RUNS LOW
Charges of the Enemy Are
Met With Bayonets.
STOESSEL HANGS OH GRIMLY
Earnest Entreaties of His Generaisj
and Admirals Are Thriist Aside
With Vehemence, Until Re
sistance Is Criminal.
CASUALTIES OF THE WAR.
The following- shows the huge total
ot tha dead and wounded in the war
in the Far East:
. . . . ese. slans.
Port Arthur casualties. 7,000 21,000
Cas'ltles. other battles.. 78,000 129,000
Total casualties 148,000 150,000
Total dead" (about).... 36,000 67.000
CHEFOO, Jan. 2, Midnight. Command-,
er. Kartzow, of the Russian torpedo-boat
destroyer Vlastnl, In an interview with,
the Associated Press correspondent to
night says: ,7
- "Port Affhmiausof -exhaustion-ex-haustlon
not only of ammunition, but of
"The remnant of the garrison left had.
been doing the work of heroes for five
days and five nights, but yesterday they;
reached the limit ot human endurance.
"In the casemates of the forts ona
saw everywhere faces black with, star
vation, exhaustion and nerve strain.
You spoke to them, but they did not giver
answer, only staring dumbly.
"The lack of ammunition alone would'
not have suggested the seeking of terms.
Scant ammunition had long been com
mon in the fortress, and during the past
month many of the forts had" nothing'
with which to return the fire of the
"The Russians sat in the casemates
firing not more than once to the 200 shot
sent by the Japanese. Then, when tha
assault came, they repulsed the enemy
with bayonets. But the men themselves,
having existed for three months on re
duced rations, were so worn that it is
marvelous they stood the final strain ecf
Stoessel Yields With Poor Grape.
"Yesterday General Stoessel woulif
still fight. His wound, which was re
ceived early in the siege, had been both
ering him, but his determination -to fight
(Concluded on Page Five.)
CONTENTS OF TODAYS PAPEB
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 50
degrees; minimum, 42 degrees. Precipita
tion. .03 of an inch.
TODAY'S Occasional rain. Southerly winds;
War In Far East.
General Stoesael accepts terms o surrender o
Port Arthur. Pager 1.
Japanese will enter city today. Page 1.
Xews Is broken gently to people In Hussia fog
fear of an outbreak. Pace 5.
Heroes of both sides are praised In England
Activity at the front seems 10 presage a Win
ter campaign. Page 1.
New York Tribune publishes story of tha
probable indictment of another member of
Congress. Page 1.
Senator Mitchell may not appear on floor 64
Senate until his name is cleared. Page 1.
Francis J. Heney says he baa been appointed
United States District Attorney to succeed
John H. HaU. Page 5.
Declares that Filter's testimony is not neces
sary' to convict Mitchell and Hermann.
Public reception at the White House Is a very
brilliant affair, Page 4.
Present case against Bishop Talbot falls
through; another will be prosecuted. Page 4.
Six Democrats may lose seats in the Colorado
Legislature". Page 4.
Multnomah defeats Seattle Athletic Club team
6-0. Page 10.
E. B. Tongue wins' Hunt Club race. Page 15.
Fortieth anniversary of founding of First Con
gregational Church at Walla Walla. Page 6.
State Board of Levy makea estimate of ex
penses and tax apportionment for 1905
Cottage Grove Commercial Club passes reso
lutions on freight rates. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Utah will Increase its appropriation for Its
Lewis and Clark exhibit. Page 11.
County Commissioners clash with Sheriff. Page
Edgar Baume resigns as leading man at the
Columbia. Page 11.
Two hunters accidentally shot. Page 12.
New Year's Oregonlan has a big sale. Page 12.